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Full text of "An elementary German reader in prose and verse : with copious explanatory notes and references to the editors German grammars, and a complete vocabulary"

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wo R MA N S M O © E R N 1 
000 LANGUAGES,- ' ■ i 


M6.W yORK 

■ A N n 

Jm Henry ^enger 













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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 


AN . _ 

ELEMENTARY';; f; :-.;:, ■>. 






James H. Worman, A.M., Ph.D., 




%%A^, ^. \^V ^ ^*^(^ 

worMan's series 



A Short Course in G-erman, intended for our common schools. 
(In preparation.) 

An Elementary German Grammar. An easy introduction 

to the language. 12mo. 300 pages. $1,50. 

A Complete German Grammar. i2mo. 591 pages. $2.00. 
An Elementary G-erman Reader, intended for beginners in 

Getman. 12mo. 145 pages. $1.25, 

A Collegiate G-erman Reader, or Introduction to German 
Literature, with references to the German Grammars of Worman 
and Campbell, and an adequate Dictionary. 12mo, 525 pages, 

A Manual of German Conversation— the "Berliner Echo." 

For practice in the language as spoken in Berlin, with Vocabulary 
of words and idioms. 203 pages, $1.25. 

F I^ E IST C 13: . 

A Short Course in French, on the same plan as the German, 
(In preparation.) 

An Elementary French Grammar, on the same plan as the 

Elementary German Grammar. (In preparation.) 

A Complete French Grammar, on the same plan as the 

Complete German Grammar. (In preparation.) 

An Elementary and Collegiate French Reader, on the 

same plan as the German. (In preparation.) 

A Manual of French Conversation— the " Echo de Paris." 

Plan of the " Berliner Echo," 212 pages, $1,25. 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by 

A. S. BARNES & CO,, 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 

P E E F A C E 

THIS Elementary Reader is intended as a companion to 
my Grammars of the German language. It should be 
used with the Elementary as soon as the first twenty lessons 
have been thoroughly mastered ; in connection with the 
Complete^ it may be read after the student has acquired 
Lesson I. The References and Explanatory Notes are very 
full and minute, having been prepared with this special end 
in view. Frequent repetitions, both in statement and refer- 
ence, will be noticed ; this is intentional on my part, the 
object being to secure thoroughness in the drill of the ele- 
mentary principles of the German language. 

Years of experience in the class-room enables me to confirm 
the theory that diligent and attentive reading of good authors 
not only supplies the learner with a rich store of words, 
phrases, and idioms, and expressions of every kind, but makes 
him familiar with the various inflections and mutations of 
which the words are susceptible in a much briefer time than 
even the most devoted study of the grammar. 

Great care has been taken to make this work truly j^ro- 
gressive. The readings, which are selected to afford variety, 
both in prose and verse, have been arranged with a view 
to the progress to be expected of an elementary student. 
Eigensinrif by Benedix, an easy play, was inserted in this 
book because, like the French plays of Scribe, it gives the 
learner the conversational language of the day. This play 
affords also an excellent opportunity for a review of the 
auxiliary verts of mode. 

The selections, in thek Qtth^e|;mDli^^ are always an exact 


copy of the best editions of the authors from whom the ex- 
tracts are taken. This will make the learner famiHar with 
the peculiarities of the different German writers. 

It may not be out of place here to state that it has been 
my endeavor to present in this book only such selections as 
can be placed in the hands of youth of both sexes without 

The Notes and Eeferences are placed immediately at the 
end of the text, before the Vocabulary, instead of at the foot 
of the page, to which they refer, in order to insure a thorough 
study of the lesson. The Vocabulary contains not only the 
words, but also the idiomatic phrases occurring in the text 
and requiring especial mention. 

In the preparation of the Notes, I have been largely aided 
by Prof Karl Witte, of New York, formerly of Gottingen 
University, Germany, and in the compilation of the Vocabu- 
lary, I was ably assisted by Mrs. J. W. Caldwell, of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 




(Srinnerung ®ot^e 9 

2)er ©eijl^alj ©lumauer 9 

®ie S3lumen auf bcm ®rabe bcr Sungfrau Sean ^au\ 9 

2)ie tu^, bad 9)ferb, baa ©c^af unb ber |)unb BoIIifofer 10 

Die 3:i)rancn 3ean 3>aul 10 

®er 5tffc unb bcr ^ud)« Seffing 10 

1)ix Some unb ber ^ud)^ ®Ieim 10 

Die 5Waua unb ber Sijwe 5?a(i) 5lefcp 1 1 

SSinterlieb ^rummad)er 12 

Der 2om unb ber ^afe Scffinij 13 

©otted 53atertreue |)e9 13 

Sulenfptegel unb ein gu^rnmnn 14 

S'rtebric^ 23i(I)elm I. unb ber Sanbibat 14 

Der c^etreuc Untert^an 14 

(SoUman^iJ ©erec^tigfeit 15 

Die 33ombe 15 

i^odmann ^Cut^er IG 

^erbtl ^olU) IG 

Slud ber Sugenb ^riebric^ 2BiI^elm III (£i)Icrt 16 

JReiterd ^Worgengefang ^auff 17 

•Konig ^5rtebri(^ unb fein 9?ad)bar ^cbel 18 

aBacl}terruf ^ad) ^cbci 19 

Dad gute ^eitmittel 3?ad) ^cbel 20 

Die feltfamen 5Wenf(^en 2td>twcr 21 

£r ifl ba Hoffmann ^. gaCerdlcben 23 

Der fkinc SBorfcn'^anbler Tuinfcr 23 

^offnung ©cibcl 24 

3m SSalbe ©bt^e 25 


Memento mori 2\^clh 25 

Sllcxanber^ SJermac^tni^ Sfiudert 2G 

'Pa^ SSac^Iem ©iit^e 26 

©rja^Iung ani bem SJiorgenlanbe ^ekl 27 

®icb bi(i^ jufriebcn ©er^arbt 28 

®otte^bienfi ^mxi^ mkxt 29 

!l)er gerettete Sungling Berber 30 

•Dag 5lmcn ber ©teine ^ofegarten 32 

2)er nJu^etag ^rummac^er 33 

2)ie ijicr 2Begc giitcfert 34 

Die ©rcnabiere ^einc 35 

S)ic ?Reuia^r6na(!^t etned Ungliicf lichen Sean 9)aul 36 

sWorgenlieb ^napp 38 

!Da(3 g)reupif(^e 3[Jolf im Sa^re 1813 (&. m. Slrnbt 39 

!Der ©rlfonig ® jjt^c 41 

®tc na(^tli(|e ^eerf(^au Bebli^ 42 

2)er (Sieg ©leim 43 

eigenjtnn (ein Sufifpiel) Scnebix 44 

Peculiar Phrases and Proverbs 60 

Notes and References 63 


'Stt^tx btr S^riftftcQcr. 


^cinrii^ 5U&crt (1604-1068% eette 
®ottc«bicnil 29 

(grnfl morit^ Qtrntit (/76'.9-i56^f?). 

®a3 9)mi{5ifcl)c Solf im 3at)re 1813 39 

^uliu3 SlotJcridj S3cnct)tr (i5ii— Seipjig f). 

eigcnfimi (l^uilfpifl) 44 

9no>)0 JBlumflucr (i755-i79<?). 

!Der ®cU^aU 9 

81. S. et)lcrt {1770-1818). 

Slu^ ber Suc^enb ^ricbri* S3i(()elm III 16 

(gmanuet ©cibel (ic'?i,^-2Jfand)ent). 

^offmtng - 24 

q)0Ul ©frftttvUt {W07-1G7(J). 

® ieb bid) ^ufricbcn 28 

^0^. SB. S. ®leiiu {1719-1803). 

T;cr I'oive imb ber Sud)i3 10 

Der ® ieg 43 

3. SS. dan (9otf)c (i?4^9-i5j;?). 

©rinncrung 9 

3m SSalbe 25 

Dae $Barf)Iem 2G 

"Ccr (Srlfonif^ 41 

SBil^elni .^onff ^1802-1837). 

9lcitcrd ^Korgengcfam-i 17 

^o^cnn <Dctfr .^cbcl {17G0-is:?g). 

^onig i^ricbric^ unb fcin 9?a#ar 18 

2i3ad)terruf 19 

Dad gule |)ettnuttcl 20 

Srjatjlung auvJ bcm 5)?crQenIanbe 27 

* These fipuros indicate the date of birth and death, 
t Place of jMosciit residence. 


§:inrlj^ ^cinc {1799-1856). ©cite 
2)ie ©renabiere 35 

So^ann ©ottfrieb don pettier {1744-IS03). 

2)er gerettete SiingUng 30 

SBil^clm §c)) (1790-1854). 

®ottei3 SJatertreue 13 

Hoffmann tion ^attcr^lcBcn (i75<? ). 

©r iilba 23 

^erbfl 16 

©eorg mam ^unfcr {1720-1805). 

2)er Heine 23crfen^anbler 23 

5llBcrt ^nm {1798-1864). 

SPZorgenlieb 38 

fi. ^^cofialiJ tofcgarten {1758-1S18). 

2)ag Slmen ber ©teinc , 32 

grieiiri^ Qltiolf trninma^cr {1767-I845). 

SBinterlieb 12 

2)er Slu^etag 33 

©ott^olt) (?|i^raim J^efftnn {1729-1781). 

2)er 5(ffeunb ber %\x^)i 10 

®cr Sowe unb ber ^afe 13 

SKaBmiS ©otifrictJ Cii^tlnctr {1719-1783\ 

3)ie feltfamen 5D^enfc^eu ^ 21 

SJlarttn Sutler {1488-1546), 

Cocfmaitn 16 

Scan q^aul Sncbrit^ 0Ji(I)tcr) {1763-1825). 

2)ie SBIunicn auf bcm ®rabe ber Sungfraw 9 

2)le 2;^;raucn 10 

2)ie 5^euia{)rs3nad)t cinc^ UnglMltc^en 36 

grici)ri(^ 9luifcrt {1789-1860). 

Stlexanber^ S5crmad)mlB 26 

!Die ijier 23egc 34 

Sofc|i5 e^riftian "^t^Xx^ {1790-1862). 

2)le na(i)tltd)e $eerfd)au 42 

@corji Soat^tm ^oUifofcr (275^-i7<§^^). 

Die 5!u^, ba^ 9)ferb, ba§ ©c^af unb ber ^unb 10 

3o|ttnn ^cinrtj^ 2)antcl ^fi^offc {1771-I848). 

Memento Mori 25 


51 11 f rt It 9 c t ♦ 


SBillft til immer meitcr [(^meifen? 
<Bid), ta5 (53ute lici^t [o m^, 
Seme nur tvas ®IM er^reifen, 
Xemi tai3 (3iM ift immer ta. 

® e t ^ e» 

Sin ©ei^i^ali; pel in einen ghig, ter tief 
lint reifuuir war. iin Bif^er, ter tac 2e£»en 
3t)m rctten iroUtc, fprvW}} Innein, imt rief, 
(Sr mbd:)te nur tie ^pant i^m gekn ; 
Mein ter ©eij^alvj fprad>, intem cr unterfan!: 
Sd) !ann nid)t3 gekn ! unt — ertranl. 

33 1 u m a u e T. 

J©ic 35luinett auf bcm ©rabc ^cr SunQfrau. 

(Btrenet nur 3?Iumcn auf fie, ik Hiikntcn ^reuntinnen! 3l^i^ 
bracbtet fa fonfl ibr 53Iumen hi ten 2Biec^enfeften. 3e^o fciert [tc ik 
greeted; tenn tie 33a^re i|l tie SBiege tei? ipimmeli?. 

Scan 9) a u I (3^td)tcr). 

10 Der2cn?cunrtcvgu(^4» 

(Sihe.,^u(), fiV^efViihc^ein ©d^af ftauDen auf einer SSeice jufam^ 
^m «n5 [ttjt^Jij.antcr ^inan^r, itjelc^eg tern 2}lenfd)en nu^Udjer fci. 
•iVuVu^.rP^ac^'^'fi^^QJ:^:^^.^*^*^^ ^i^ fu§e 2)^Ud), Den n?o^If(^merfen^ 
ten ^dfe unD tie olerfe^enDe Gutter," — Xa^ ^ferDj „3^ Mn ter 
SCagen ©egel unD te^ 3fleiteriJ Bittic^*" — Xa^ ®^af: „3d) gel)e 
nadt unt) Mo^, lamlt er kfleitet \txJ' Xa fam ber ^unti ju i^nen, 
Den Hicften fie »erdc^tUd) con rer (Seite an, aU nn, gegen ike SBicb^ 
tigfeit ge^alten, unnii^e^ 2:l)ier, 9l6er Der iperr folgte aUBalD Mnten 
na(^, rief tern ipunDe im freuntlii^ften Jone, ftreid^elte unD UeHofte ibn. 
T)a tie^ Me ^u^ ur(D i^e ©efd^rten fal)en, murrten fie, untj ta^ ^feriD 
na'^m fic^ ein iper^ ^ur grage: „2Barum t^uft tu alfo, ®ebieter? 3Ser^ 
tienen wir nid?t me^ teinc 5lufmerffam!eit, n?ie tiefe^ unnu^e 2;^ier ?" 
— %kx ter iperr ftreidjelte fcinen ^unt no(^ gdrtUd^er nnt fpra(^j 
„5flid5t alfo ; tiefer ^at mein eingigciJ gelicMe^ ^o^nlein !it^n itnD treu 
aug ranf(^enDert S3afferflut^en gerettet, wie foUte ic^ nun feiner vergejfert 

f bnnen ?" 

i). 3«Uifofcr, 

SBir ^akn atle fdjon gett>eint, jeter ©liiditd^e einrnd »or ^el), jeDer 
Ungliidicbe einmal »or Suj^, 

Sean 3) ft u I (Sfiic^ter), 

$)cr 2lffe iitib ^ct $ti(^d. 

„9lennc mix ein fo gefcfeirfted 3:^ier, tent i^ nic^t naMW^^ tmnk \" 
fo )jra^lte ter Slffe gegen ten ^^udj^. I^er ?5u^^ abcr emieterte: „UnP 
tu, nenne mir ein fo geringfi^d^ige^ 3;^ier, tern e^ einfallen fonnte, tit 


3um $bnjen fpradj ter %u6>^: x6> mnp 
i)ir'5 entUA nur gcfte^en, mein $ertntg 
^at fonfl !cin Snte. — 

Xer Sfcl i>rid)t »on tir md)t gut; 

(£r fagt, waiJ id) an tir ju lokn fiinte, 

2^ag anfp cr nid^t ; tein Jpcltcnmut^ 

eei sjvcifeltiaft; tu jjdbft itnn teine ^xokn 

^on (^rof'mutl) uni? (i)ctcd^Hg!eit ; 

!Cu iuiirgteft ric UnfAulD, fud^teft Streit; 

(£r !cnnte li&i nid)t liekn un^ md)t loben. -— 

Sin 2CeiId)en [Amieg ber Sotue ftiti; 

l^ann fpra^ en %n6>^ I er )>red?e wa^ er n?l(It 

I^enn ma^ »on mir ein Sfel fprid)t, 

!E)avJ aAt id) ni(fct» 


t^tt Some fd)Iief in feiner ^ij^le, wm ibu kr fpielte eine luftige 
2)Zaufefd)aar» Sine terfelben mar e(*en auf ciuen l)ert^orfte^enten %di 
gefroc^en, fiel :^eral\ unD ermedte ten Somen, Xcx fie mit feiner gemaltij^ 
(jen Za^t fe|'tt)ielt. „5td^/' Kit fte, „fei to* gro^miit^ig gegen mid) 
armei?, unbeteutentei3 ©efd^bpf I 3^) i)^!^^ ^^^) "if^}t beleitigen moUen; 
ic^ ^abe nur cinen Sel)ltritt getl)an, unt tin ^on tern ^elfen t)era&gefali: 
len, SBaiJ !ann tir mein 3:ot nii^en? (S(^en!e mir ta5 2e6en, unt 
ic^ mitt tir jeitleben;? tantbar fein." 

„®e^ :^in/' \aQU ter Some gro^miit^ig, unb lie§ ba^ Wdni6>tn fprin^^ 
gert» 33ei ftc^ a6er lacbte er unt fprac^ : „t;anf6ar fein I 5^un ba3 
mi3d)te ic^ tocb fe^en, mie ein ^du^d)en ficfc cinem Somen tanfbar U^ 
jeugen fonnte I" 

^ur^e 3fit tarauf lief lai ndmlid^e ^du^d)en turd) ten ®alt unt 
fud)te fid) 9H)Te; ta i^ctte e^ ta^ fldgUd)e ^ebriltte eine^^ Somen. „I)er 
ifl in ®efat)r I" fprad) et^ bei ^td^, unt ging ter (Stette ju, mo ta^ (3t^ 
briiUe beriibcrtonte. 

di fant ten <iro^miitbigen Somen ton einem flarfen 9^e^e umfd)(un? 
gen, ta5 ter S^g^f fiinftlic^ aut^gefpannt Utk, urn tamit gro^e ®alt^ 
t^iere ju fangen. lie (Stride Kitten fiA fo tiinftli* jufammengejogen, 
tag ter Some meter feine 3^^^^ "oA tie ®tdrfe feiner la^c hvan6:jm 
fonnte, urn fte ju !;erreigen» 

„5C^arte nur, mein ^reunt," fagte ta^^ ^)}Jau^d)en, „ta fann ic^ tir 
mU am beften klfen I" S<5 lief Mn^u, jcrnagte tic (Stride, mel(^c feine 

12 SOSinterlieK 

33oitcrta^en gefejjelt fatten, unt) aU tiefe frei warcn, jerri^ er tai liBrige 
9^e^, unr) n?arJ fo turd) tie ^iilfe tes Ueinen 9)lau^c^eni5 njieter frei, 

Sie ru^eft tu fo ftitle 
3tt beiner meifen ^iille, 
!Du miitterlic^e^ ^unl I 
S3o fint te5 ?5tu()Ungi3 2ieber? 
2^e3 8ommer^ bunt ©efieter, 
UnD rein beHiimte^ S^ftgemant ? 

1)u fi^Iummerft nun entfleibet; 
Mtin ^amm, lein ^d^aflein mcitet 
2Iuf teinen 2lu'n unb ^o^n. 
!Der SSoglein Sieb ijerftummet, 
Unb !eine Siene fummet, 
!i:oc^ Hft 1^n avi6:j xm SCinter fc^on. 

!rie 3tt?^tg' unb 5J[eftIein fAimmem, 
Unb taufenb Sid)ter flimmern, 
SBo^in ba^ 2tuge Flirft, 
Iffier l)at rein 33ett Bereitet, 
2)ie 2^e(fe bir gefpreitet, 
Unb bi(^ fo f^on mit 3fleif gefc^mudt ? 

Tn gute 33ater broben 
ipat bir bein ^leiD gen?oBen, 
gr fd)(aft unb fd^tummert ni(^t, 
<So fd}IummVe benn in grieben, 
2^er 33ater medt bie ?!}tuben 
3u neuer ^raft, ^u neuem Sic^t, 

33alb in be^ Senjeg SCe^en 
SCirft bu ijerjiingt erfte^en 
3um Seben munbevBar. 
©ein Dtem fdmcbt ^ernieber, 
^ann, Srbe, ftc^ft hi trieber 
SJ^it einem ^lumenfrana im ^aar, 

5f r u m m a c^ e y* 

©ottcij Satertrcuc* 13 

(Sin Some wiirt^te ciucn troUigcn ^afen feincr natcrcn 33efannt^ 
fd^aft. ,/2Iber ift e^^ ccnn \vai)v," fraijte it)n cinft lex ^pafc, „ca^ cud)Sb^ 
ttjen ein eleucer !rat)enDer ^pal)n fo leidjt »erjagen faun ?" 

„5lllercin30 ift ci n?a^r/' antivortcte tcr 2b«je; „unC e^ ift eine all^ 
gemcine 2lnmcr!ung, tap mir gro^cn 3;^iere turd^gdngig cine geanffe 
Heine Sdnrad)t)eit an xini i)akn, 80 tt?irft lu, ^um (S):empe(, )^cn tern 
(51cpi)anten gct^ert bvibcn, tap il)m ta3 (^run^en eine^ (Sd>meine^ 8c^au^ 
ter nnl Sntfe^en cnvcdct." — 

„©a^rl)aftig ?" untcrkad) xhn tcr ^pafe. „^a nun kgreif ic^ au4 
ttjantm t\?ir ^afen un5 fo cntfe^Ud) ^or ten ^unten j-iird)tcn»" 

iJ effing* 

®pttc§ ^citcrtrcuc. 

(2^ ift !cin 'l0tdui?d^cn fo jung unb Hein^ 
S5 l)at fein Ucbcij ^iDiiittcrlcin, 
Xai bringt il)m mand^cvi ^riimi^en Sror, 
2)amit c3 nid}t kitet ipungcv unt 9lott)» 

(E^ ift !cin liebed 3SogeIein 
3m ©artcn traupen fo arm unb tlein, 
(£5 ()at fein warmed gcterflcit; 
X)a t^ut il)m 3»leijen unt 8*nec fein Seic. 

(£5 ift fein Imntcr (2d)metterling, 
^ein 2CHirmd)cn im 8emmer fo gcring, 
a^ finrct cin ^(iimd^en, Ci^ fintet ein 33Iatt, 
Xayon ti ipt, n?irt frol) um \att 

SiJ ift fein ©efd^bpf in ter meiten ^qU, 
ttm nid^t fein eigne^ 2:i)eil ift teftcllt, 
©ein gutter, fein 3?ett, fein fleine^ ^an^, 
Xarinnen e3 frbblid) get^t ein unt mi, 

Unt :ver ^at ta^^ %iki fo betaAt ? 
ttx liebe 0^ott, ter mid mad)t, 
Unt fiebt auf Mii vdtcr(id>, 
Xcx forgt md) Za^ unt 9]ad)t fiir mid>. 

14 X:er^etreueUrttettl}art» 

(^ulcnf^tegcl nnb tin ^u^rmann. 

Sulenfpiegel ging eine^ XaQt^ ixkx %ck, llntenrego begegnete i^m 
eiu gu^rmann, ter auf ciner fteinigen 8tra§e feine ?)ferte iiber Die (3c^ 
Bul)r antrieb. 

„^ann id)," fragtc cr im Sorkijagen, „trc^I no^ »or 5lbent) jur 
<BtaU fommCnJ' 

Sulenfpiegel antwortetc : „3Benn i^t (angfam fa^ret." 

^'Dcr ^erl ift wp^I nicfot flug/^ tacbte ter gu^rmann, utiD trieB feine 
^ferte nur nod) me^r an. 

®egen $[6ent) !am (Sutenfpiegel auf temfclbcn iffiege juriid, unfc traf 
benfelben ^^u^rmann it?ieter auf ter 8traf e an, un^ j^vir in grower 

^on rem ^aQtn anf fteinigem 8oten mar i^m ein D^ab gekod)en. 

Sr mu§te fid) alfo feequemen, ^ier ju HeiBen, unD i^ie S^lac^t unter 
freiem ^immel gujubringen. 

„@agte i&i'^ eu6 ni(^t/' fpratfc (Sutenfpiegel, „ba§ i^r langfam fa^rert 
miigtet, mnn i^r no^ jur @tatt njoUtet ?" 

%U einft ein Santitat ten ^bnig gri^^vid) S5iU)eIm I. ton ^reu§ert 
urn eine 33etienung bat, fragte it)rt tiefer giitft, n?a^ fiir ein Sanr^mann 
er irare. „3d) bin ein 53erUner/' antmortete er. „®e^t/' ernjicterte i^m 
ber ^lonar6, „tie Berliner taugen nid^t^." ,.^\v. ^ajeftat merten mit 
ijerjei^en," ^jerfe^ite ber (£anbibat, „ti gibt bc(| gute barunter, unb i(^ 
felbft fenne ^mei." „ltnb mer fmb l^mn biefe ^mei?" fragte ber ^onig* 
„t)er erfte ift Sn?. ?Ola|eftat/' entgegnete ber (ianbibat, „unb ber jmeite 
Bin i^." 'ttx ^'Mq lac^te ilBer biefe 5lntwort, unb BejviEigte i^m feine 

®er ^ctrcisc ttntettl^att. 

3n ber Berul)mten (Sd^Iad^t Bei SeBrBedin ritt ber gro^e ^urfitrfl 
8riebri($ JBitBetm ein meifle^ $ferb. groBen, fein Stallmeifter, Be^ 
nterfte, ba§ bie (SAit*eben au\ biefe^ $ferb, m\6>t^ ftd^ burd? feine %arW 
unterfd)ieb, me^r aU auf tie uBrigen, f^ojTw. (£r Bat bemnad) feinen 

X:ic ^0m6^ 15 

iperrn, ci gc^en ta^ fcinige ju ocrtaufd^cn, unter tern ^^orivante, taf 
taij ^])ferD ita Slmm\kn jUeu icarc, unJ faum t)atte e^ tiefer getreue 
Xiener einige ^^tugenblicfe beftiegen, fo \mvu er getiittet, unC rettcte alfo 
tur(^ feinm JoD rem ^urfurfteu tai^ l^^cben. 

(Sotimatt, jertcr ftol^e ^cbcrrfd^cr tcr XixxUn, tcr feBr gro^e (55akn 
ml einen grenjcnlofcn (il)rgeia befa^, griff Ungarn an, unD nat)m ^tU 
Qxan ein, meldbeis man ramaliJ ai^ tie iCormauer ter (i^riften^eit ht^ 
trac^tcte. Sr l)atte eben tiefe Sroberung yoUcntet, aU eine ^ran fid) 
i|m na^te, imt) bitterlid) flagte, taj3 i^r tic (goltatcn i^r 3?ie^ megger 
nommen Ivittcn, iDcId^e^ i^ren ganjen Oleij^tbnm an^mad^te, „3^r 
miiffct in eincm fc^r tiefen 8d>Iaf getegen ^aben/' antmortete il)r ter 
©ultan, „ireil il)r tie Sftauber nid>t ^abt |bren ftmncn," „%\, ic^ fdliif, 
gnatigcr Spew," antivortcte fie, „allein e^ gcfd^al) im 33ertraucn, ta^ 
Sure .'po^eit fiir tie gcmeine 8i^crbcit trad^te." ^n Siirft, ter eine 
cr^abene @ecle ^atte, billigte tiefe 3^ete, fo treift fte auc^ mar, unt er^ 
fe^te auf cine angemefyene 23eife einen 3djatert, ten er Ijatk verbuten 

^ie ^ontbe« 

^arl Xn., ter in (Stralfunt belagcrt ivar, tiftirte einem <Se!retar 
^riefe m6> 86tt?eten» Sine S3cmbe fiel au] tag ^au^, fd^Iug turd? 
taiJ Ta6>, unt ^erfprang fogar neben tent 3inimer te<s ,^i3nigiJ. l^ie 
$alfte tei? ^upoten^ If^flog in Stiide* Ta6 ^abinctt tarin ter M^ 
nig tiftirte, n?ar ^um Ibcii in eincr tidcn "l^taner angebrad^t, ircld^e 
niAt? »i?n tcrSrfd^iitterung Iitt, unt tnrd^ dn crftauncnctriirtigcvj ©liid 
flpg feine^ i^i?n ten ^Stiidcn in ta;J ,itabinctt, tejTcu Jbiir offen ftant. 
53ei tern ,^na^\ tor ^omb: urtt tern Cs^ei^raffd te^^aufc^, ivcldH'g ctnju^ 
ftlir^en fd>ien, fi:l tie Tv^er tern 5:fret;ir au? ter >p.irtt. ,/^OaiJ gitt cv? 
tenn?" fagte ter .^onig mit rubigcr 9Kiene ^n ibm, „nnirum fdreibt ibr 
niAt?" 'tiefer fonnte nid^t;^ aU tie 3l>orte enrietern: ,,5ld\ 8ire, tie 
53ombeI" „9^un," ernneterte ter ,^lonig, „n\io battic 53ombemit trm 
Sricfejufd^affen, ten i(^ euc^ tiftire? a^ibrct furt." 

IC 3lus3 ter 3ugent grietrid) Bil^elniiJ III. 

Sin ®ele^rter im ^Zorgenlance— ^ocfmann wax jein 5'Zame— er^ 
Sat)U »on fid) felbft: 3d) ^be mid) in tdmv MuvwaxtiQkit \c\)x ge== 
grdmt, ci? mod)te mix auc^ fo fd)Umm gel)en, aU eg tvodtc, au§er ein 
cinjigeij ^:DJal, alii id) barfw^ ge^en mufte, n^eil id) md)t fo i?tcl ©cId 
l)atte, mir @c^ul)e ju faufen. 3(^ gittg Qan^ traurig in einen Sempcl, 
unt traf ^ier einen ^m\6>m, ter feine giife l)atte. 51U id) i^n \a1>, 
xoax i(^ mit meinen Mofen gitgen gem gufricten, wnb banfte nteinem 
0ott l)er5nd), ba§ ic^, iuenn f^on o^ne @d)nk, tod) gel)en fonnte. Xer 
ungliidlid^e SJienfd^ miire ja gerne barfug gegangen, ti^enn cr nuv giife 
ge^abt I)atte, 

®et)et bir'g iiBel, fo fe^re beine 5lugen ^nm ®nten, unb gebenfe, une 
gotte^fiirc^tige ^erjen t^un, ba§ bu bie 2lugen abfe^reft ijom Ungtiid 
unb tvenbeft fie ixUx ft(^ ^n einem grbfern ^liid, 


^er ©ommer flie"^t, iinb mit il)m jielit bie giitle fanfter greuben, 
2Cie Blumenleer ift^iJ urn mid) ^er, n?ie fd^mudlo^ 3:f)al unb SBeiben ! 
Xcx [ii§e ©c^alt ter ^k^tigaU ift (angft im ^ain erftorBen; 
Unb 33aum unb ©traud) f(^eint bur^ ben ^au(^ bee falten S^orb^g ^er:; 

1^urc^fd)Iumm're nur, beraubte glur, beg SSinterg Bange Sange; 
K^nxn grii^Unggprac^t auf bir txwa&jt, bann |jretfen bic^ ®efange, 
lint? loben ben, ber mieber fc^on mit neuem Sfleig bic^ fc^mudet, 
Xen ^errn ber %lux unb ber 9^atur, ber 'iI}Zenfc^cn gem begliidet* 

3iu§ ber Stt^cnb Sticbrtc^ 9[SiH>clitt§ HI. 

5llg ber ^bnig ein ^nabe i^on 10 3^i^icit ii^^^r, (fo er^a^It fem^am^ 
merriener unb ©e'^eimer hammerer S^GoItcv), uni ic^ bie Slufwartung 
bei ibm l)atte, brad)te eineg 3:ageo im SlZonat 3iinuar bei ftrenger ^alte 
ein (l^artnerburf(^e ein ^brbden mit fd)lmen reifen, im 2:reibi)aufe ge^ 
jogencn .tirfd^en. 23eim Slnblide berfelben freute fid) ber junge ^rinj, 
unD amnfdte bie in biefer 3vii)rci?3eit feltene grud)t ju geniefen. %U 
ihm abcr bcmerllid) gemadt murbe, baf fie 5 2:bater foften foUten, fragte 

er »emmntcrt: ,,2Bie, fiir cine ipanb ijoll ^irfc^en 5 J^aler?" unt» 
fcrc^te fid) tann feft urn mit ten entfcbietencn Sortcn: ,,3* maQ unt 
trill fte ni(i}t." — Sale tarauf licjj fid) ein ^ixxi^cv nnl ®d)u^mac^er^ 
tncifter aui fotiXcim melCen, unC id) krii^tcte tern ^ronprinjen : tcr 
arme SKann fei lange am 5*^eri?enne6er clenc nni^ franf gemefen unt ta^ 
turd) fek i^erabgefcmmen in feincm ©emerbe, unt fo betiirfe cr, uni e^ 
Wieter Bej^innen ju lonnen, 3um ^etcranfauf 20 3:l)aler, tie er nid)t ^dtte, 
unt urn irelc&e er in feiner grofen 5^otl) ten ^ronprin,^en aU urn ein gnd^ 
ti^e^ ®efd^enf l)dte. „S3ieincl l)abe id) nod) in ^affc ?" fragte mit tern 
fid)ttaren 5lu^trude te5 ^^Q^itleitS ter ^ronprinj. 5ll5 id) il)m antiror:; 
tete: „50 2:l)aler/' kfa|l er, ii^ folic tem armcn ?0^anne tic gcmiinfd)? 
Un 20 3:l)aler in fcinem ?^amcn ^ekn unt tamit ©liid n)iinfd)cn« 

Srfrcut unt ticf gcriil)rt cmpfin^ ter be^liidte ipantn?erfcr ticfc ®ak, 
unt du^erte ten SBunfd), ter ^onigL ipol)eit feinen Tan! felbft an^^ 
f|jred)en ju tiirfcn* Xiefe 53itte fd)lu9 ter fvin^ ab mit ten SBorten: 
„3ft gar nii^t ni)t^tg ; n?iirte ten armen 9^tann nur kfddmcn." 

^l)ilip, 2, 4, Sin Sfgl^^i^ \^¥ Jti(^t auf ta^ ©cine, fontem auf 
ta5, tt?a0 te^ ^Intern ift, 

e tt I e r t» 

^O^orgcnrotl) ! 
£eud)teft mir jum frii^en 3;ot ? 
S3alt ivirt tie Jrompete Hafcn, 
l^ann mu^ id) mcin £cbcn laffen, 
3d) unt mand)er ^amerat, 

^aum getadt, 
SCirt ter 2uft ein Snt' gcmac^t ! 
©eftem nod) auf ftoljcn 3floffcn, 
^eute turd) tie 33ruft (^cfdu^jjen, 
^O^iorgcn in taiJ fiil)le 43raB* 

5lc^, n?ie kit 
©d)tt?intet <S(^i3n^eit unt ©eftalt ! 
^ra^lft tu cjleid> mit teincn SBangen, 
Xie wie ?0^ilc^ unt ^urpur prangen, 
51^, tie 5lofcn ivclfcn all ! 

18 ^bnig grierri(^ unt fein ^a&j))ax* 

Datum flitl, 
%ixQ' t(^ mic^ rok ®ott e^ wiU I 
9lun, fo n?iU id) wader ftreiten, 
Unl) follt' ii^ Cert Zol erieiten, 
©tirbt ein braver Stetter^mann* 


1)er ^onig ^rietr^ Uv 3n?eite »on ^reujen Vtte ac^t StunbeK 
»ou Berlin ein fd)one^ Suftfc^lof unt war gem tariu, wenn nur md)t 
gang na^e tabei "Die unru^ige ']}^u^Ie gewefen mdre, Xenn erftlt(^ 
ftel)en ein Ibniglic^e^ ®c^Io§ unr) eine ^Tinijk nid^t gut neben einanter, 
obgleid) tai? Sei§kot auj^ in tern ©d)(offe nid}t iibel fdjmedt, menu fcie 
Wlii^U fein gema^Ien unt> ter Dfen wo^l geBaden :^at. Slu^er^em 
aber, menu kr ^onig in feinen Beften (^ecanfen war, unt) nid^t an ben 
5^ad)bar tacfcte, auf einmal lie§ ber 2)^uller feine Mn^k Happern unb 
H6:ik auc^ ni^t an im §errn 5^ad)bar ; unt) tie ©et^anfen beg ^onigg 
ftbrten ^war bag 3ftaberwer! bcr ^DZii^Ie nic^t, aBer man(^mal bag ^tap^ 
perwer! ber 9tdber bie (Sebanfen beg ^ijnigg, Der gcneigte Sefer fagt: 
Sin ^onig ^at (3tk wie Saub, warum !auft er "otm ^ad)hax tk ?D?ii^le 
nid^t ab unb Id§t fte nieberrei^en ? — "Der ^cnig wn^k, warum : benn 
eineg 3:ageg lieg cr \^tn WlixUtv gu ft(^ rufen. „3^i* begreift," fagte er 
3U il)m, „ba§ wir 3n?ei nid^t nekn cinanber beftefeen fonnen* Siner mu§ 
wei(^en. ^a^ gebt ihv mir fiir ntein ©d^lb^Iein?" — Xer ?OMUer 
fagte: SBic ^oc^ ^altet i|r eg, feniglic^er §err ?^ad)bar? — Xer ^onig 
erwieberte t^m: 2CunberIid;er ^^enfc^, fo »iel ©elb t)abt ibr nid^t, la^ 
i^r mir mein 8(^Io§ aWaufen fount. 2}ie ^od) t^altet i^r eure 
SJ^ii^Ie ?— I^er SD^iider erwieberte: ©ndbigfter iperr, fo ijobt au6:i i^r 
nid)t fo yiel ®e(5, ta^ ik mir meine ?i}?iil)Ie abfaufen fount; fte ifl mir 
ni^t feiL — Tex ^onig that jwar ein ®ebot, an6:j la^ gweite unb britte, 
aber ber ^Zad)^^ Mieb bei feiuer 9lebe: <Bk ift mir nid^t feiL 2Bie i(^ 
barin geborcn bin, fagte er, fo will i&j barin fterbcn, unb wie fie mir oon 
meinem 5)atcr evbalten worben ift, follen fie meine 9]ad)fommen »on 
mir erlialtcn unb auf ibr ben ©egen i^rer 33orfa^ren ererben. — Da 
na^m ber 5tbnig eine ernft^aftere ©pracfce an* Si§t i^r aud^, guter 
^ann, ia^ id) gar nic^t nbt^ig ^be, ^iele 3Gorte ju mad)en ? 3^ Ictjye 
eure Miiyit tayiren unb bre^c fte ab, ^JRel)mt algbann ta^ ®elb ober 

SSac^tcrruf. 19 

nct)mt c5 nid>t.l Xa Iad)clte tcr uncrfd^rorfcne SO^ann, tcr -IRulIcr, unD 
eranecerte tern ^oniip ®ut gcfai^t, aUeri^nattgfter ^err, lucnn nur ta^ 
^ammcrgcriitt in 53crliu nicfct wave! namlicb, ta^ er eo woUe auf 
einen ricbtcrlicfccn :^ui?fprud^ anfommen laffen, ^er ,$lbnig mar ein ge^ 
red)ter ^crr unr» fonntc uberauv? gnatig fein, alfo ta^ ibm tie ^eq^af:= 
tigfeit unl) ^reimutbigfeit fciner iKete nid^t niif^fdUig mar, fontern mo^I^ 
geficL lectin cr (ie§ yon ticfcr ^nt an ten '^IRiiUer unangefocbten unt 
unterMelt fortmal)rent mit it)m eine frietliAe 5^ac^barfd)aft, Xer ge^ 
ncigte Sefer aber tarf fd)on ein menig 9lcfpeft ^aben 5or einem folc^en 
^yia^bar unt no^ mc^r t)or eincm foid^en ^crrn ^a&ibax. 


ipbret, mao id) end) milt fagen ! 
1)ie ®Iocfe tie l)at ^e^n gefd)[agen. 

3e^t betet unt je^^t gebt in'^ Sett, 

Unt mcr ein gut (5Hni>iffcn I^at, 

(Sdlaf fanft unt moM I ^m ipimmel mac^t 

Gin beitcr 2Uig^ tie ganje ^laM^ 

^erct, ma':3 id) cud mill fagen I 

Xie ^Hode tie l)at cilf gefdiagen. 
Unt mcr no&i ki ter 5lrbcir fdmit< 
Unt mer nod) ki ter 2:afel ft|3t, 
£em ]tV^ gum Ic^ten Wai gefagt: 
'^ ift l)o^e 3cit I — nun gute 5^a^tl 

iporet, mad id) cud) mill fagen ! 

2)ie ®Iorfc tic l)at ;^mi3lf gefd)lagett. 
Unt mo nod) in ter 'IRitternadt 
Sin ^cr^ in ^dmerg unt .Summer ma^t, 
®ott gcb' tir cine ftille ^tunt\ 
'^a&i^ frob tid) mieter unt gefunt ! 

jpbret, maiJ id) eucb mill fagen I 
Xie ©lode tie bat eini^ gcfdlagen. 
Unt mo mit Satauv? 3lMir unt 9lat^ 
Gin Xicb auf tunfdn ^Pfaten nabt. 

20 Za^ c^att .^eilmittcL 

— 3c^ ^M'^ ni(^t loffen, tod) gefc^ie^^t'i? — 

ipuret, ma^ i(^ eud) irill fagen I 

Un^ mm fi^on tvieter, t^'^ noc^ tagt, 
2:ie fd)mere ©org' am ^er^en ttagt, 
2)u armer ^O^enfd), tein ©^laf ift ^in I 
^ott forgt; rnai? trubft tu beinen @inn? 

ipbret, luag ic^ euc^ ii?t(I fagen 
S)ie ©lode tie ^at trei gefd)lagen» 
^ie 50^orgenftunt)' am ^immel f($ii?ebt, 
Unti^mer in 3fluV t^cn Zag^ erIeBt, 
!Dan!' ®ott unD faffe frozen ?S)]ut^, 
Unt) geV an'g 2Ber! uni? ^alt' fid) gut !— 


^a§ ^ttte AjciltttittcL 

^aifer Sofe^"^ in SSien war ein meifer unt) mo^lt^^atiger ^O^onari^, 
trie 3et)ermanr weip; aBer nid}t alle Seute trijfen, n?ie er einmal ter 
S^oftor gewefen t'ft unt eine arme gran ge^eilt 1:^at Sine arme, franfe 
grau fagte gu i|rem ^iiblein: „^inl), ^oP mir einen I^oltor, fonft fann 
x6^'i nimmer au^^alten »or ©d^merjen,'' Xa5 33uHein lief gum erftcn 
^oltor unt) gum gmciten ; akr leiner mollte fommen, tenn in Sien 
!oftet ein ®ang gu einem ^ranfen einen ©ulten, unt ter arme ^nabt 
l^atte nic^t^ aU 2:()rancn, tie mo^l im ^immel fitr gute ?i}^iinge gelten, 
aBer ni(^t bei alien Seutcn auf ter (Erte, 211^ er aBer gum tritten To!^ 
tor auf tern S3ege mar, ful)r langfam ter ^aifer in einer offenen ^utfd)e 
an iBm yorBei. 'Eer ^naBe ^ielt il)n n?o^l fur einen reid^en iperrn, oB 
er glei^ nid)t wu^te, tag e5 ter ^aifer fei, unt ta(^te: 3d) anll'^ »er^ 
fud)en» ,,®natiger iperr/' fagte er, ,,tt)Dllet i^r mir md)t einen ®ul^ 
tenf^enfen? @cit fo Barm^ergig I" ^er ^aifer tac^te: 'Eer fa§r^ 
furg unt tenlt, menu id) einen ®ulten auf einmal Befomme, fo Brand) '' 
t(^ nic^t fed)gigmal um ten ^rengcr gu Betteln, „3:l)ut'i3 ein 3ii?^ttgiger 
ni(^t and) ?" fragt' il)n ter v^aifcr^ l^a^ 33uBlein fagte t „^ein,"unt 
offenBartc i^m, mogu er te5 (5)clre5 Benbt^igt mare. 5llfo gaB il)m ter 
^aifer ten ©ulten, unt licp fid^ genau i?on il)m Befd)reiBen, mie feine 

X i e f e 1 1 f am c n M e n f d) en. 21 

?D2utter ^ci§t, unt ii^o [te mo^nt, un\) m^nnv ta^ 53ub(cin sunt tritten 
Xoftcr fprinj^t, unt tic !ranfe %xau tat)eim betct, tcr Uebe (^ctt wode 
fie tod^ iiid)t i:crlaffcn, fal)rt tcr ^laifer 311 il)rcr ^ol)nung unt »crl)utlt 
fid) ein jrcnicj in feinen ^JOJantcI, alfo tap man it)n nid)t red)t erfeunen 
!onntc, ivcr il)n nid)t tarum anfat). ^lo cr a6cr gu ter franfen ?^rau 
in ibr ^tiiblein fam, meint fie, ti fei tcr Xoftor unt erjal)(t il)m ii)ren 
Umftant, unt wie [it nod) fo arm tabei fei unt fid) ni^t pflegen fi3nne, 
Xer ^aifer fajjte: „3d) anil end) tenn je^t ein Sic^ept t>erfd)rciben/' unt 
fie fagte it)m, mo teij 33iiHeiniJ @d)rei63cug mxc. €(fo fd)rie6 er tasS 
Slejept unt belebrte tie ^xau, in meld)e 5lpott)cfe fie ed f(^iden miiiJe, 
ttjenn ta^ ^int l)etm fomme, unt Icgte e5 auf ten 2:ifc^. 51(5 ei* ahr 
!aum eine ?0^inute fort mar, !am ter red)te Xoftor and). Xie ^rau 
t)ermunterte fic^ nfdyt menig, aU fie l)orte, er fei auc^ ter Xoltor, 
unt entfd)ultigte fi(^, t^ fei fcfoon einer bagemefen, unt) ^abe i^r Gtma<5 
verortnet, unt fie Ijak nur auf i^r ^iiblein gemartet, ^U aber ter 
I^oftor tav? ^(]cpt in tic §ant naBm unt fel)en ivotlte, mer bei il)r gc^ 
mefen, unt mad fiir einen 3^ranf oter mad fiir ^iden er i^r ^erortnet 
|abe, erftaunte er nid)t menic^ imt fagte .^,u ib)r: „grau, ibr feit 
einem guten 3lqte in tie ipdnte gefadcn ; tenn er ^at cu(^ fiinfunt? 
gmanjik] rs^vitftude ijcrortnet, beim 3iil^(viittte ^u erkben, unt) unten an 
ftel)t 3 f e p I), menu i^r i^n fennt. Sine foI*c ^(r^nei :^att' id) cud) 
nid)t ijcrf^reiben fbnnen." I^a tl)at tie gran einen 53Iid gegen ten 
§immel unb fonntc ^i(^td fagen ^or Xantbarfeit nut 9lii^rung, nut 
tad ®ett murte ^ernad) ridtig unt ol)ne 3(nftant tton tern 3*JW^ittte 
audgeja^lt, Ter Toftor aber serortncte i^r einen Jranf, unt turd) 
tie gute Slrjnei unt gute ^flcge, tie fie fid) jcl^t ijerfd)affcn fonntc, 
(lant fie in menigen Xagen mieter auf gefunten feinen. 5i(fo l)at tcr 
X)o!tor tie frantc grau ge^eitt, unt ter ^aifer tie arme. 


^tc fcltfamctt SJJlcnf^ctt. 

Sin ?0^ann, tcr in tcr 2Bett fid) trefflid) umgefe^'n, 

^am cntliA ^eim ijon feiner 9^eifc. 

T)ic greuntc liefcn fd)aarenmcifc, 

Uttt griipten i^ren ?^reunt. Go pflcgt ed ju gefc^eVn. 

Ta ^iep cd adcmal: Und freut i^on ganjcr Geele, 

X;i(!^ Mcr ju fe^n, unt nun cx^aW. — 

22 Xie feltfamen ^JOUnfdjen. 

2Ca^ njart) ta nid)t cr^a^It I — iport I fprad) cr einft, i^r »ipt, 

2Bie meit e^ bi^ ^uin "iLanu Uv ^uronen ift. 

SlftunDert Mtikn Winter i|nen 

@inl) 5i}Zenf^en, tie mir feltfam f^ienen. 

©ie ft^en oft am 3:ifc^ bi^ in tie fpate 5flac^t; 

2)er 3:if(^ wirD nid)t geterft, ter 3}?unt» nii^t nag gema^t. 

e^ lonnten urn fie ^er tie Xonnerfeile fcU^en; 

2^d ^m' im ^ampfe ftel)n; \o\iV and) ter ^imntel f^on 

Wt ^rai^en feinen SinfatI tro^n: 

@ie bikUn ungeftoret fi^^en, 

'Ltnn fie fint tauB unt ftumm, S^oc^ (agt pf^ tann unb ttjann 

Sin ^albgebroc^ner 2aut au^ i^rem ?Olunte ^orcn, 

Der nic^t gufammen^ngt, unb ttjenig fagen !ann, 

Db fie tie 5lugen fc^on tariiBer arg »er!e^ren. 

^an \at)' mic^ oft erftaunt an i^rer ©eite fte^^en, 

Denn, n?enn terglei^en Ding gef(^ie^t, 

©0 pflegt man ^anfig ^in^uge^^en, 

!Dag man tie Seute fi^en fie^t, 

(S^lanbt, fritter I tag mir nie tie graglic^en ©eBerten 

3ln^ tem (S^emiit^e lommen merten, 

T)ie ic^ an i§nen fa^» SJer^treiflung, Slaferei, 

S3o^|afte greut^ unt 5tngft taBei, 

Die ttiecBfetten in ten ®efi(^tern, 

©ie fc^ienen mir, tag \6>mx'' i(^ euc^ ! 

2ln S3ut^ ten ^urien, an Srnft ten ^ollenrii^tertt, 

%n 2lngft ten 50^iffet^atern gleic^, — 

^tlein trag ift i^r ^md ? ©o fragten :^ier tie ?^reuntc, 

SSiedeic^t Beforgen fie tie 2Bol)lfa^rt ter ©emeinte ? — 

5t^ neini— ©o fuc^en fie ter SBeifen ©tein?— 3^r irrt!— 

<Bo n?olIen fie ttielleid)t teg 3irfelg 33iered finten ? 

5^ein! — <Bo Bereu^n fte alte ©iinten? — 

Dag ift eg atleg nic^tl— @o fint [it gar »ern?irrt? 

SBenn fie nid)t ^oren, ret en, fii^len, 

^o6:j fe^n; n?ag t^m fie tenn?— ®ie fpielen! 


Xer fleinc IHrfenbaurUr. i 

&t ift t>a ! 

Ter grul)Uno( ^at ftc^ eingeftetlt, 
IBo^tan, mv mil i^n fe^n ? 
Xer muf mit mir in'^ freie %di, 
3n'5 griine B^li^ nun ge^n. 

!I^a5 5^teman^ mck tt)n fa^ ; 
(Sin 33bg(cin Ijat it)n aufgettjedt, 
3e^t ift er anerer ta, 

3e^t ift ter f^i^u^Hng trieter ba; 
3^m folgt, ttjo^in er 3iet)t 
9lur lautcr greute fern unfc na'^, 
SRnx lauter ©piel unt Siet. 

UntJ 5iaen l)at er, ©rog nnb ^lein, 
2Ba^ (B^bne^ mitgeka^t ; 
Unb foUt'^ and) nur ein (Strdu^Iein fein, 
(Sr ^at an un5 getact^t, 

Xrum frifd} l)inau^ in^^ freie %dri, 
3n^5 griine gelt ^inau^ ! 
!I)er Bru^Itng ^t ftd) eingefietit, 
2Cer UkU ba gu ipau^ ! 

|>offmann ». J^aHer ^ Icien. 

J5)cr fletttc 33iirfettl^dttMct. 

S^ traf einmd ein fleiner ^naBe cinen ftattUchcn ^perrn in Offijier;* 
Reitung an, ter mit einer jungen Xame an einem fcl}bnen 5D^orgen im 
Si^iergarten bci 33erlin luflmanbelte, Xer 3:^iergarten ijl ein fdjoner, 
fct)attiger 2BalD mit UeHid^en ©dngen ticbt hi 33erlin, ber grc^en 
(Biait, in weld)er ler .^bnig wo()nt. I^er ^(eine bat, i^m eine yon ten 
Keinen 33brfcn (oter ^cltBeuteln) abjufaufen, mo^on er einen gan3en 
5Sorrat^ au^ cinem ^dftd^en corjeigte. Vcv <r?crr entgegnete : ,,3* h^ 
barf ter SSSaare nid)t," unb ging loeiter. „?ieber §crr lieutenant/' k^ 
gann ter ^leine,nekn bcm iperrn fortlaufent, „fi> faufen Sie tocb (Stnjad 

24 Jpoffnung» 

fiir tie S)tamfc[I ta; meine arme 5i}iuttcr ftridt tiefe 33i3rfen, unt) njenn 
ic^ !ein (^ett mitbringe, fo ^abcn mir ttefeii '^6eno 9lict)t^ ^u ejfen/' (£r 
eqci^^Ite ^terauf, ter ^ater fet ©olDat gewefen, bei Seipgig geHieben, unli 
er l)abe nod) ^mi Heinerc ©efc^tvifter, 5^er ^err fa^ tern ^tnte in bag 
offene, el)rlid)e ^^eftc^t, fragte nad) bem ^reife, nal)m, ba ber ^nabe gtuei 
(Silbergrofden fiir lai @tiid forberte, cin 2^u^enb, unb gab i^m ein 
gro^eg ©olcftiid, 3el)n 3:^aler an SBert^* „3ci, Ucber ^err lieutenant/' 
fagte ber 3wttge, unb befa^ bag gro§e blanle ©olbftiid, „barauf !ann ic^ 
ni^t ^erauggeben," Xer ^err meinte barauf, er foUte eg nur be^alten 
uri^ feiner 50^utter bringen, erfunbigte [\&i nad) beren 9]amen unb SBo"^^ 
nung, fe^te feinen (Spajiergang fort, unb iiberlie^ ben ^leinen feinem 
(Biaumn unb (Sntjiiden, ^a6:) 3]erlauf einer guten ©tunbe trat ein 
Slbjutant beg ^onigg in bie drmli(^e ipiitte ber 5^utter unb erfunbigte 
ftd) nac& ber 2Sa()r^eit ber ^ugfage beg ^naben* 2^er eble ^i3nig unb 
beffen Iiebengjt?urbige 2:od)ter, bamalige ^ringeffin Slteranbrine, traren 
eg geii?efen, benen (Sott, ber 3Sater ber 5trmen, bag ,^inb gefanbt ^atk, 
urn ber Gutter 5^ot^ ju linbern unb i§r bie 3;|ranen iiber ben 33erluft 
beg gefatlenen fatten unb 3Saterg gu trodnen. Die einge^olten 3^nQ^ 
niffe iiber bag 33etragen unb bie 5lup^rung ber grau lauteten ju i^rem 
Sobe; uni bie Srtbeilung eineg tebengldngliden 3al)rge(beg ijon ^unbert 
2:^alern unb bie Unterbringung beg fleinen Sorfen^dnblerg in eine fc 
jie^ungganftalt tuaren bie golgen jeneg ®ott tvo^Igefdlligen 5iKorgen^ 

Unb brdut ber SCinter noc^ fo fe'^r 
^it tro^igen ©eberben, 
Unb ftreut er Sig unt) (Sdjnee um"^er, 
Sg mu§ boc^ Srut)Iing trerben^ 

Unb brdngen bie 5flebel no(^ fo bi(^t 
8i(^ »or Un ^M ber @onne, 
Sie njedet boc^ mit ibrem 2i(i^t ' 
Sinmal bie Scit jur Sonne, 

eaft nur, i^r 8tiirme, blaft mit ma^tl 
^ix foil barob niAt bangen ; 

Mementomoril 25 

2luf (cifcn 8ol)Ien iikr 9lac^t 
^ommt lo&j Ux 2en3 gegangcn. 

Ta n)ad)t tie SrCe griinenl) auf, 
SCei^ nic^t, mc \i)x ge)'d)el)en, 
Unt Iad)t in ten fonnigen ipimmel ^inauf, 
Unt mccbte yor 2uft »ergei)en. 

@ie flicfct fid) Miibcnte ^ranje in^^ ipaar, 
Unt fdjmudft ft* mit 9lcfcn unb Sle^ren, 
Unt liijjt tie 53runnlein riefeln Kar, 
SIU maren ec B^euten^a^ren. 

Unb ttjenn r>ir oft au(^ bangt unt) grant, 
Slid fei tie ^oU' anf Srben, 
9lnr nnioer^agt anf @ott t^ertrant ! 
(£d mn^ bod) ?5i^n^ling njerben ! 


3d) ging im SBaltc fo fiir mic^ ^in, 
Unb nic^td ^n fncfcen, tad war mein ©inn, 

3m <B6^atkn fat) i6> ein 33lumc^en fte^n, 
Sic (Sterne lend)tenb, mie 5lenglein fc^bn» 

3(^ ttJoUt^ ed Brecfcen; ba fagt ed fein: 
(Boll i(^ anm SBelfen gcbrod)en fein ? 

3(^ grnb'd mit alien ben SBiirjlein and, 
3nm ©arten trng id)'d am p6fd)en Jpand, 

Unb pflanjt' ed n?ieter am ftiUen Drt; 
^un gmeigt ed immer nnb Hii^t fo fort. 


memento niori! 

(®ebenfe ju flerben.) 

©ala^ebbin, ©nltan tton Slegvpten nnb ©^rien, bcr SCiebereroBerer 

bed t)on ben ^renjfa^rern genommenen 3frufalemd, n?ar ber grcfte 

%ixx^ bed Drientd im swblften 3a^r^nntert, nnt i|t nod) je^t ber (SJegen^ 

flanb unferer 55en?unbernng. Japfer, gludlid>, nntuiterftcl^licb an ber 

26 X a 5J3 a dM e i n. 

(gpi^c feiner ^eere, tennod) bef(^elcen, md^ig, gered)t, pitman* ipwnbert 
fc^one 3W P"^ '^^^ ^^^ Q^uhnut^ feiner '^er^en^ aufbewa^rt. Unt) 
iig jum letjten 2lt^em,5uge blieb fid) ter gro^e ^ann gleid) ; feiner, mie 
tiefer p^ilofop^if^c giirft, l)at yon ter menfc^Uc^en 0rij§e unb tern 
SGert^e ter I^inge fo gefunfce 33egriffe (^c^abt unter alien Se^^errf^ern 
ter 9}ZoiJlemtnen, 

2115 er, m Zou& gewdrtig auf feinem 8terkbette lag, befall er, ijon 
ten "^Pforten feiner faia\ki ik %ahmn l)inn?eg3une:^men» ©tatt teffen 
geBot er, ein ^am fofle ba^in treten mit tern einfa^en ^ei^entui^e, in 
njeldje^ er Bale geiridfelt mermen miirbe, unb eg bem 3?oI! jeigen, unt) i)on 
3eit ju 3eit rufen : „®e^t ! fe^t ! me^r nimmt (Sala^ebbin, ber UeBer^ 
winter beg Orients »on alien (Eroberungen nidjt mit I" 

2llg Slleranber ftarb yerorbnet^ er, 
ta^ man tie ipanb t^m aug bem @arg lie§ ^angenj 
l^amit bie S}Zenfc^en alle, bie ijor'^er 
3n feineg 3f^ei^t^umg %M'' i|n fa^en prangen, 
^un fe^en mod^ten, ta^ mit ipdnben leer 
Sr fei beg allgemeinen Segg gegangen, 
Unb baf er ijon ben ©^d^en alien |ak 
5^i^tg alg bie leere ^anb gekac^t gum ®rak. 

01 it tf c r u 

^a^ 33ac^lcin. 

'JDu ^d(^lein, filkr^ett unb !Iar, 
!I)u eilft ijoriiBer immerbar, 
2lm Ufer fte^ i(^, finn^ unb ftnn^ : 
Bo fommp bu ^er ? So ge^ft bu ^in ? 

„3^ fomm aug bunfler ^elfen (S^oog; 
iijZein Sauf ge^t liBer 35Ium' unb ?D?oog; 
5luf meinem Spiegel fd^treW fo milb 
Deg Haum ipimmelg freunblic^ 33ilb. 

tErja^lun^ ciuiJ tern 'JJ? or gcnUnli e, 21 

'•l:'rum ijab' id) froI)en ^inteifnn; 
(E^ treibt mid) fort, iveij x\id)t a^ot)in, 
5^er mic^ gerufen an^ tern 8tein, 
£er, icnf id), tvirt mcin ^ii^rer fcin»" 

©t^dl^litttd au^ bent ^ur^cnlanbe. 

3tt ter 3;ur!ci trieB tin fe^r reidjcr un'^ ijornel)mer Wann einen 
5lrmcn, ter i^n urn eine 2Bo^lt()at anflc^te, mit ®d)eltmorteii unD @d)Ia^ 
gen i>on ft(^ ab ; unc ali3 er i()rt nid)t mel)r erreii^en !onnte, marf er 
i^n ,no(^ mit einem ©teine. ^(le, tie e5 |'at)en, ^erorop c^, akv 
^iiemant) fonnte erratl)en, marum ter arme 9Jiann ben Stein auf^ob 
unt), of)ne ein SCort ju fagen, in tie 3:afd)e ftedte, unt 5^icmant bac^te 
baran, taf er it)n yon nun an fo Ui fid) tragen iriirtc. 5(6er ta5 t^at 
er mir!U(^. ^i^ad) 3af)r unb 3:ag »eriibte ber reid)e 9}Zann einen fd^Iec^^ 
ten ®trei(^ unb murte be^n^egen ni(^t nur feinc5 3)ermogen5 vcrluftig, 
fonbern muptc aud), nac^ bortiger 8itte, jur ©(tan unb (8^anbc, riid^ 
mxti auf einen Sfel gefe^t, burd) bie 8tabt reiten. 3In 8pott unb 
@c^impf fet)lte ee nx6>t, 5^er 9)Zann mit bem rat^fel^aften ©teine 
in ber 3:afd)e ftanb unter ben 3wf^«wern eben audi ba unb er!annte 
feinen ^eleibiger* ^t^t fu^r er fdmcU mit ber §anb in bie 3:afd)e ; 
je^t griff cr nad:) bem 8teine ; je^t ^ob er i()n fd)on in W JpDl)e, urn il)n 
wieber nad) feinem 53eleitiger ^u tverfen, 2lber irie ^on einem guten 
©eifle gemarnt, Ue§ er i^n n?ieber \ailm nnb ging mit bewcgtem ©cfi^te 

Xarau^ Unn man lernen erflen^: Man foil im (Sliicfe ni(^t libera 
miitbig, nid)t unfreunblid) uri:) beleibigenb gegen geringe unb arme 
?i)lenfd)en fein. 2^enn t^ tmn »or ^ad>t lei^t anber^ trerben, aU ed 
am frii^en ^orgen n?ar, mil : ©er bir aU greunb nicbtiJ niitien !ann, 
ber fvann ^ielleid^t aU ^eint) bir fd^aten. 3tt^eiten^* 50?an foil feinem 
^einbe feinen 8tcin in rcr Zci]6>c iinl fcine ^a6>c im Jperjen na6>^ 
tragen. Xenn ah ber arme 'Mann ten feinen aii\ bie (Erte faflen lie^ 
unb ta^on ging, fprad) er gu ft* felbft fo: 3fla(^e an beinem ^^einbe 
au^juiiben, fo lange er reiA unb gliidlid) war, ba5 n?ar tberid^t unb ge^ 
fa^rlic^j ie^t, i»o er ungliidlic^ ift, n?dre ci unmenfd)lid) unb fdjant^ 

28 ® i e b t i c^ g u f r i e t e n» 

®ieB M(^ gufrieben unt fei ftille 
3tt bem ^otte beine^ Seben^, 
3n i^m nur xni)t ter ^reuten ^^ulle, 
D^n^ i^tt mti^ft feu tid) ijergekn^* 
Sr ift bein Duett uub betue ©oune, 
©(^eiut taglid) l)ett gu betner 23oune, 
®ie& bic^ jufrieben. 

dv ift ijott Si(^te^, Zxo^ unb ©naben, 
Ungefdrbten treuen ^ergen, 
Unb n?o er fte^t, t^ut bir lein ©(^aben 
2lu(^ bie ^txn ber gro^ten ©(Emergen ; 
^reua, 5tngft uub 9Zot^ !ann er Balb tvenbett, 
3a auc^ ben 3:ob :^at er in ipdnben ; 
®ieB bi^ gufrieben* 

SCie bir'^ unb 3lnbem oft erge^^e, 
3ft i^m ma^rlid) nii^t ^erBorgen. 
gr fte^t unb lennet an& ber ^lj:§e 
^er betriibten ^ergen ©orgen ; 
Sr ad:^lt ben Sauf ber ^eif en 2:^rdnen, 
Hub fap gu ^aup aW unfer ©e'^nen; 
®ieB bii^ gufrieben, 

SBenn c^ax lein Sing'ger me:^r auf (Srben, 
£;effen 2:reue bu barfft trauen, 
SlU^ann mitt er bein 3:rbfter merben, 
Unb gu beinem ^eften f(^auen ; 
Sr ft?ei^ bein Seib unb ^eimlid) ©rdmen, 
25m^ and) bie 3eit, bir^g gu Bene^men; 
®ie6 bi(^ gufrieben. 

Sr :^ort bie ©eufger beiner Seelen 
Unb beog ^ergeng ftitte^ ^lagen, 
Unb »a^ bu feinem barfft ergd^Ien, 
SJlagft bu ®ott gar fii^nli^ fagen; 

Sr ifl nicbt fern, fle^t in ter muttn, 
^oxt halt) unt gem ter ^rmen 33itten; 
©teb tic^ jufrieten. 

2a§ tid) tein Slenb nic^t kjtringen, 
ipalt an ®ott, fo anrft tu ftegen, 
Db atle ^I'ut^en fd)aument» gingen, 
i:enno(^ mirft tu nic^t crltegen; 
!Denn menn tu mirft ju ^oc^ Befc^tueret, 
ipat @ott, tetn 5ui*ft, tic^ fc^on erpret; 
(SJieb ti(^ gufrieten I 

© c r ^ a r b. 

SBiUft tu in ter ©ttUe jtngen 
Unt tein Siet tern ^od^ften Bringen, 
Seme, ivie lu !annft allein 
(Sanger, 33ud) unt Zixnptl fein* 

3ft ter ®eift in tir Beifammen, 
SSoUer (Sifer, roller ^lammen: 
i^iefer ©anger obne SJ^unt 
2:^ut ®ott tein ^eget)ren hint, 

3f^ tein -t^erj, n?ie ftd)'5 geM^ret, 
3flecbt mit Stntad^t au^gejteret: 
Xiefe^ 33ud} tann bringet tir 
SBorf unt SBeifen g'nug ^erfiir. 

So tein Seib »om SBufl ter 8iinten 
0leitt unt fauBer ift su ftntcn : 
X)iefen Sokpla^, tiefeij $aui5 
(Su^t fid) ©ctt gum 3:cmpel au5, 

^annft tu fo in ©tide fingen, 
^annft ru tiev? tern y^od^flen kingen: 
!I^antt, 0, mirft tu tir allein 
©anger, ^^udj unt 3:empel fein. 

30 X er gerett ete Sung ling* 

(Sine fdume ^]}ten[AenfeeIc ftnben, 
3ft ®etx)intt ; ein fc^onerer ©eivinn ifl, 
@ie er^alten ; unc ter \6>m\V unb fc^irerfle, 
@ie, tie fd)on ijerloren war, 5U retten 1 

(Banit 3o~^anne^, au5 tern oten ^at^mod 
2©ietet!el)rent, wax, toa^ er gemcfen, 
©einer ^eerfcen ^irt Sr ortnet i^nen 
Scienter, tap i^r 3nn^re5 fie ktra^ren, 

3n ter SJlenge fa^ er einen fdjonen 
3ungUng ; fro^lid)e ©efunt^eit gldn^te 
S3om @efi(^t i^m, unt an^ feinen Slugen 
©prac^ tie lieBeiJoUfte geuerfcele. 

„X)iefen 3iingting/' fprad) er jutem 33ifc^of, 
„5flimm in teine ^ut, 9Jtit teiner 2;reue 
@tel)ft tu mir fiir i^n I — ^ieriikr geuge 
3)lir unt tir ijor S^rifto tie @emeine»" 

Unt ter Sifd^of na^m ten 3wngUng ju ftc^, 
Untermie^ i^n, fal) tie fd^onften ^riidte 
3n i^m Hii^n; nnt meil er i|m t)ertraute, 
Siep er nad) i?on [einer ftrengen 2luffid)t 
Unt tie grei^eit wax ein ^^i^ tern SungHng. 
Qlngeledt i)on fiifen (B(^meid)eleiett, 
SBart er mufig, !oft(te tie SBotluft, 
Xann ten ^ti^ te^ frt3^Ud)en Setruge^, 
!Dann ter ^errfi^aft 3flei3 ; er fammelt' urn ft^ 
©eine ©pielgefellen, wnt ntit i^nen 
3og er in ten SGalt, tin ^aupt ter 3flauBer, 

511^ 3ot)anneg in tie ©egent n?ieter 
^am, tie erfte grag' an it)ren 33ifd)of 
SBar: „5Bo ift mein (So^n?" — „gr ift geftorBen!'' 
©prad) ter ®rei^, unt fd^tug tie 5Iugen nieter. 
„2Bann unt n?ie ?" — „(Sr ift (^ott abgeftorben, 

I^cr i^cr cttc te 3 uu i^lin g. 31 

3P (ntit Jkdnen fag' id) e^) tin dianht." 

„Sotr' id) cinft i^on tir. ^tiod) mo ift er ?" 
„2tuf tern 33ergc tort I" — „3d) mug it)n fc^en 1" 
Uno 3p^<i"ttCiJ, faum tern 3CaIre na^ent, 
SBart) ergriffcn (eben riefei? u>ol(t' cr). 
.,gut)ret, fprac^ cr, mi6> ju eurcm gii^rer." 

SSor ibn trat er. Unt) tcr fd}bne SungUng 
SCantte fid) ; er fonnte tiefen 5IttMi(! 
5^id)t crtrngen. „5^ick ni*t, o 3urtgling, 
9?i^t, ®ot)rt, ten luaffenlofen 3>ater, 
(Sinen ®rei3 1 3d) ^ak tid^ gelobet 
iD^einem .^errn, unt mug fur ti^ antivortem 
©em geb' id), mttlfl tu e^, mein Seben 
^iir tid) t)in ; nur tid) fortan ^crlaffen 
^ann id) nid)t I 3* M^ tir ^<?rtrauct, 
Xid) mit meiner 8e£le ©ott ijcrpfiintet." 

S>einent fi^Iang ter 3ungling fcine 5lrme 
Urn ten @ret^, i^ctedete fein 2lntli^ 
©tumm unt ftarr ; tann ftiir3te ftatt tcr 2lntn?ort 
5lu^ ten 2Iugen ibin tin Strom )ion Ji^rdnen. 

5j(uf tie ^niec fanf 3oi)attnei? nieter. 
^iigte feinc Jpant unt fcine ^Cmnge, 
9la^m xi}n neu gcfdsenfet i?om ®eHrgc, • 
^dutertc fein ^erj mit fiiger ^arame. 

3at)re Icbten ^it je^t unjertrennet 
^it einanter ; in ten fdumen 3«ngting 
<55o§ ftd) ganj 3'>^<5nnev3 fd)bne @eele. 
Sagt luaiJ n?ar ei?, wa^ taiJ .^cr^ tci? 3unglin3d 
Sllfo tier erfannt' nnt tnnig feft{)ielt, 
Unt ciJ wieterfvint unt unCv^anngKir 
fRettete ? din ©anft:?3o(mnnei? ©laut^e, 
3utrau'n^ Sfj^iS^'^il unt 2ie^' unt 2I^a^rbeit 

4> c r b f r . 

32 £)a^21lmenter@tcittc. 

^ad Sltttcit bet iStcine* 

33on Sitter bitnt, fwi)f Seta tennod) fort 
3u prebigen tie neue, frolje 58otfd)aft. 
SSon (Btait gu <Statt, »on l^orf su Xorfe irafltc 
Sin feine^ ?^u^rer^ ^paitt) tor fromme ®rei^, 
Unb prebigte ta^S SBort mit ^unglingefcuer. 

etttft leltet' i^n fein ^mk in cin 3:t)at, 
2)a0 ii^evfa't wax mit ciewalt^gen Stcinen. 
Seic^tftnnig me^r aU H^tja^t fpmd^ ter ^naht 
„(S§rn?urb'ger $ater, side ^3}?cnfc^cn ftnc 
^erfammelt ^ier unn marten auf Die ^retigt." 

I)er Minbe @rei^ ert)o6 fid^ alfoklb, 
Sa^It' einen 3;ert, erfldrt' i^n, ttjanbt' ii)n an, 
grma^nte, marnte, ftrafte, trbftcte, 
©0 ^erjlid), bag bie 3:t)rdnen milbiglid^ 
3^m nieberPoffen in iQn grauen 33art. 
^I^ er kf(^Iie§enb b^rauf M^ ^aterunfcr, 
2Bie ficl)'^ G^aiemt, gektet unt gefprod^cn: 
^IDein ift bag 3flei(^, unb bein bie ^raft, unb bein 
Xie ^errU(^!eit Hs in bie (S)t5ig!eiten/' — 
Da riefen ringg im Jl)al »iel taufenb ©timmcn: 
„2lmen, e^rwiirb'ger 5?atcr, 2Imen, 5Imen 1" 

Dcr ^nab^ erfd)ra!, reumiit^ig fniet^ cr niebcr, 
Unb teic^tete bem ^eiligen bie <®unbe* 
„@o^n/' fpraA ber ^rei^, „:^aft bu benn nii^t gelefen, 
SCenn ^ytenfdjen f^iveigen, werben ©teine fdjrein ? 
9Zid)t fpotte fiinftig, (5o^n, mit (^otteg 5Bort I 
^eBenbig ift e^, frdftig, fcbneibet ft^arf, 
SBie fein 3tt>eif(i)neibig ®c()mert. Unb fotlte ojid^ 
1)a0 9JJenfd)en:^er3 ft(^ i:^m ^um Zxo^ »erftcinen, 
©0 ttjirb im ^tdn ein 2]^enf^en:§er3 jic^ regen I" 

^ f e g a r t c a. 

Vtx 3ini)ttaQ. 33 

SBoju, fprad) ©amma tcr 3u«9nng ju fcinem Scorer, kburfte ber 
Sttjt^e tei? I^ienftev? tci* i)Jtenfcl}eii 'i ^Qo^u tie S^iff teiJ (Sat^Kitbtage^? 
5Rur ^em ro^cn ^^}tenfd)en a>arC fie jur 3w<^t geboten. 3ft "icbt ter 
tine 2:ag tern antern gleictjl 3^^fti erleud)tct taS Sidjt ter <Sonne. 

I^er 9tabbi aber antiijortcte un^ fprac^ : 2ll5 tie (Sb^ne 3ft^vieU ju^: 
riicfgefe^rt ttjaren auvS ter ii>erbannung in ba^ Sanb ter ^ert)ei§ung, ta 
lehe an ten ©renjen te^ !i!anteiJ '}?Jefopotamia ein 3fi*^^ciit, ^f^amen^ 
33oni, ein Se^it unt meifer Mam, fammt SBeib unt ^intern, 

Unt ter (Engcl te^J iperrn txat jn iim, in ©eftalt eined 33oten te^ 
^bnig^ 2lrtl)afafta, unt fprad) : 9}Zad)e tic^ auf, tu unt tein SBeib unt 
teine Winter unt teine ^ned^te unt teine iUiagte, unt jiekt ^in in ta3 
Sant eurer 33ater, auf tag tu teinem 33oI!c rat^efl unt ^^elfeft tie (Statt 
unt ta5 Sant mei^lid) einri^ten. 

"ta antmortete 33oni unt fprac^ : Xer ,^onig, mein ^err, trolle mei^ 
nen tant gndtigUc^ anfe^en ; aber juie foU id) mit SBeib unt ^int tie 
SCufte turd)tt?antem unt Hn te5 SBcgeS nid^t funtig I !I^er ^cte abcr 
fprac^: Wa6:it ti^ auf, unt (erne tern ^onig ^ertrauen. 

Darauf gog Soni an^, mie i^m ter Snc^el te5 .^'cr^'n gebotcn ^atte, 
mit SBeib unt ^intern in ter 3rut)e U^ ^loxc^mi. %bn 33oni givei^ 
felte unt fprad): 2Cag mirt tai3 werten? Unt fie jocjen turc^ tie 5Ciifte 
gegen 5lbent. 2t(5 fte nun fed)i? ^^arafan^^cn geiuantelt unt fe^r niiite 
njaren, fte^e ta ftant an tern 3Bege ein ©ejelt, unt ein Mann trat l)er:? 
au^ unt fpra(^ ju 33oni unt feinem 3SoI!: ^ier raftet! ta rul)eten fte 
unt erquidten ike ©eeten, Unt 33oni fpracb : 'ta^ ift te^? .^'errn (53utc, 
taf mir und bier erquiden. Slber n?er n?irt un^ nun ferner unfereg 
S3ege5 gcleiten? 

Da trat ter Mann ^erju, unt jeigte iBoni Beite^, ten 2Be(^ unt tie 
Stbwege, unt geid^nete fie if)m fed?5 ^arafangen tveit auf ein ^latt, tar^ 
auf fprad) er : ^nn jiebet in ^rieten ! 

Xa 30g 58oni meiter mit fcinem ©eftnte auf tem ^fate, fo ibm h^ 
jeidjnet war, unt fie ertrugcn mit (53ctult tag Unc^cmad) teg 3l>eiieg; 
tenn fie gctad^ten teg 3:roftcg, fo fte empfani^en i)atkn. Unt alg fte 
feAg ^arafan(^cn ^uriidgelei^t, crbeb fid) ^on 9^cucm ein ©ejelt. ^ie^ 
felbft fanten fte nnetcr eincn Xicncr teg ^bnijjg, ter trbftcte fte unt 
jeigte ibnen ^on 9leuem ten ill>evi unt tie ^llnrege, fo fie mciten foUten. 

Sllfo c^efd^a^ eg immer fort ad^t^ij Jaj^ereifen, unt alg fie foId)e »olI- 

84 ^ie »ier S3e(5c, 

mtet l)aikn, gelancjtc 33oni unb fetn ©efinfce in iai Sanb ber 55er^et^ 
pung. IXni 33oni crfartnte, fca^ ler Sngcl te^ ^errn i^n gefii^rt ^atte, 
Unt) er fergte mit Sfra unD 9Zct)emta, taf ter @abbat§ 9el)eiUgt roixxU, 
hnn la^ ^ol! wax miifte gemorfcen, 

©ie^eft bu, (Samma, faj^te Darauf ter Scorer, be^ SJtenfd^cn Sekn tfl: 
eine ^ilgrimfd^aft, fcd)3 ^arafangen finb fec^g 2:age, akr ter ftehnte ift 
ein 3flu^etiig, u fte()ct te^ iTperrn (J^qelt i^m offen, bag er fetne^ SBan^ 
teln^ geten!c unb tern .^errn ^ertraue. Ter S^U(fclofe adjtet be^ ©e^elted 
ni(^t, unb fein 2Beg ijerliert ftd) in ber SSiifte, akr ber SBeife finbet Sr^j 
quidung unb gelangt in ba^ Sanb ber 3Serl}eifung, 

X)er ©ultan Idgt ben ^Hemlana 
3um 3;^ronfaat fii^ren, i|n gu fragen: 
'I^u rii^mft bi(^ fonbrer Sei^^eit ja, 
©0 fotlfi bu mir nun Slntmort fagen* 

3u yier ijerfi^iebenen ©eften t|eil't 
©id) atle^ 3?ol! ber 9>JufeImanen ; 
©0 fage nun mir unsermeilt, 
2Ber ge^t baijon auf re^ten S3a^nen ? 

5Iuf mel^en ber ijier ^fabe mag 
Ter ©tauB jum 3:l)ron be^ ^errn gelangen? 
3d) jmeifelte H^ btefen itag, 
^un lag ®en?ig^eit mi(^ empfangen. 

Ter ©ultan fprad)^i5 unb ^rrte ftummj 
Ter ^3)?ewlana, erft fa^ er fdmeigenb 
3m 3:()ronfaal f{(^ beg ©ultani^ urn, 
Tann fprad) er, f{(^ i)or i^m ijerneigenb: 

Tu, bejjen 3:^ron bag Sbenlnib 
3Som 2:^ron beg ^immelg ift auf Srbett, 
^i6> fdjirme Deiner ©nabe ©d)ilb, 
©0 foil bir meine Slntmort merben: 

Tu t^roneft I)icr in cinem ©aat, 
3u bcm gceffuet fint iner 3;^iiren ; 

XlcCSrcnaticrev 36 

Unb teinen Z^xon fie^t alljumal, 
Sen fcu tur^ einc lajfeft fii^ren. 

Xag ic^ te5 SCege^ nid)t gcirrt, 
Xe§ mu§tc mir fcetn 33ote frommcn; 
UriD nun meig id), ^om &ian^ 'otxmxvt, 
9i{c^t, jrelc^e^ SBegiJ i&i Un ^efommcn. 


^tc ©rena^icrc. 

9la(^ B^anfretd) gogen jmei ©renaiier\ 
^ie ii?aren in Slu^IanD gefangcn, 
Unt aU fic tamcn in'^ beutfc^c Cuarticr, 
@ie Uepen tic ^opfc fcangen, 

'I^a ^brten fie Scite tie traurigc 2}?a^r: 
^ag ^ranfreid) ycrlorcn gegangen, 
33efiegt nnl er[d)Iagcn taiJ tapfcre .^eer — 
Un^ ter ^aifcr, tcr ^aifer gefangen. 

^a wdntm jufammen tic ©rcnabicr^ 
SBo^l ob tcr flaglid>cn ^untc. 
Xcr Sine fprad) : :fi.He mc^ tvirt mir, 
2Bic brcnnt meinc dtc SBunte. 

Xer 2tntre fprad) : l^a^ Sicb ift au^, 
5luc^ id) med)t' mit tir ftcrkn- 
Xoc^ ^ah ic^ SBcib unt ^int gu ^au«, 
!l:ie o^nc mic^ ^erterbcn. 

S3a5 fdjecrt mid) S3ci6, \va^ \6>mt mi(^ ^int>, 
3d) tragc wcit bc)prc5 SSerlangcn ; 
Sag ftc bettein gcbn, n?cnn fic l)ungrig fint, 
'Sfldn ^aifcr, mein ^aifcr gcfangcn ! 

©cttjci^r' mir, 33rutcr, cine ^itt': 
5Benn id) jct^t ftcrbcn jrcrte, 
(So nimm meinc ?ei*c nad) granfreic^ mit, 
5?cgrab' mid^ in ?^ranfrci(fci? Crte. 

36 X)ie 5^cuja()r>5iuul;t ciucs Uitgliicflit^eiu 

tai (£^ren!rcu3 am rotten 8ant 
8olIft ^u auf'^ ^erj mir legett; 
I^ie ^linte gicb mir in tie ^a\XO, 
UnC giirt' mir urn ten Xegen» 

©0 will idj Uei^crt unt Bori^en (litt, 
$Bie eine ®d)iltnjacfo\ im (3vaU, 
tdxi einft id) ^cre ^anonengekiill, 
Uttt tvieiiernter Sloffe ©etrak, 

2)ann reitet mein ^aifer mo:^I iiber mein (^xcA, 
5Siet ©c^trerter flirjren wnt Hi^en; 
X)ann fteig' ic^ (^ewajfnet krijor au^ tern (3xah\ — 
Xen ^aifer, ten ^aifer ju f*ii^.en, 

^ e in c. 

(Sin alter 5Jlenfd) ftant in tcr 9leu|a^r5nacl-t am ^enfler, unt fc^aute 
mit tem 33Hc!e einer kngen ^er^meiftung auf ^nm unkiueglidjen, ewtg 
Blit^enten ipimmel, unt l)erab auf tie ftille; veine, tveij^e Srte, irorauf 
je^t 5^iemant fo freuten^ itnt fd)lafloi5 wax, aU er. Tmn fein ®ra& 
ftant nal)e bei i^m ; e5 ivar blo§ yom <Sd)nee te5 2llter^, nidt »om 
(S)riin ter 3«9t'nt ^ertecft, unt cr israd^te an^ tem ganjen reid^en Seben 
nic^t^ mit, aU ^xxt^ixmcx, ©iiuten unt ^ranl^eiten, einen \)cr^eerten 
^brper, eine ocrbtete ©eele, tie ^ruft tJoU ®ift unt cin filter ^oll dituc, 
Seine f^bnen 3u9snttage wantten fid) i:)mk aU ©efpcnfter urn, unt 
gogen i^n mieter ijor ten gotten '^oxqen ^in, n?o il)n fein 5?ater juerfl: 
au\ ten ©d^eiteireg te3 Sekng geftedt ^atte, ter redjt^ auf ter ®onncn^ 
bat}n ter 3;ugent in etn a>eite^, rut)ige5 2ant 'ooti Sid)t unt Srnten 
h'ingt, unt linfg in tie ^aulmurf^gange ted Safterd linabgie^t, in cine 
f^marje ipb^Ie »oU '^eruntertropfenten lifted, »oU gifc^enter ©c^Iangen, 
unt finfterer. fc^miiler Xampfe. 

2Id) I tie (Sd){angen Un^m \m feine 53ruft unt tie ©ifttropfcn au^ 
feiner 3^nQe, unt er wufte nun, wo er war, 

©innlod unt mit unaudfprcdlidem ®ram ricf cr jum ^immel ^in^ 
au]: &kh mir tic 3u9^nt wicter, o 5?atcr I ftcHe mid) auf ten ®d:)eitc:J 
ttjeg wieter, tamit id) anter^J waHe I 

T'it ^Jleuja^rSnati^t eine^ Un^Iucflidjen. 37 

2lBer fein 25ater un^ feine Sw^^rtb wdten langfl ta^in. Sr fa^ 3^^^=^ 
lid^ter auf Siimpfcn tanjen, unc auf tern ©ottccacfer au^Ibfcben, un^ er 
fagte: (is fini? mcinc t^brid)tcn 3:a9cl — (ix fa^ eiucn Stern i^omipim^ 
mel flic^eu, util im ^^all (d)immern, nnii auf ter toe jerrinnen: Xa5 
bin ici\ faijte fein blutenteiJ Aperj, uuC Die 2(tlangenjdl)ne ier 3^cue gru^ 
ben rarin in teit iiiJunDen ivciter, 

Xie loterncc '3)l)antufte geigte ibm f(iel)cntc 9kcbta^antler auf ten 
Tadjern, uni tic ^\3intmii^le bob troben? i^re 2lrmc jum 3crfd)(agcn 
auf, nut einc, im iottenbaufe 3urudi3ebliebcne 2ar»e nat)m a(lmal)lig 
feine 2h^ ^»«- — '^^littcu in rem ^ampf floj^ plo^li6 tie ^ufif fiir ta^J 
5'^euial)r yom I^urme ^emierer, mie ferner ^ird^engefang. dv irurte 
fanfter bea^ev^t. Sr fd}aute urn ten iporijont lucrum unt uber tie treite 
Srte, unt er tac^te an feine Sug^ntfreunte, tie nun, gliidlid^er unt 
kJTer tenn er, 2el)rer ter fee, 55dter glMic^er ^inrer unt gcfej^nete 
^ienfd^en ivarcn, unt er fagte: D, id) fonnte auA, trie i^r, tie erfte 
^i^ad^t mit trodenen 5luc^en ijerfd)lummern, menu id) gemoUt I)dtte I — 
21 d), id) fiinnte gliidlid) fein, xi)x t^euren (Eltern, n?enn iA eure Scken 
erfiiUte l)dtte I 

3m fieberbaften (Srinnern an feine 3wnBnngc5eit !am ci ibm yor, aU 
rid)te fid) tie Sarre mit feinen 2w^ ^"^ 3:oUenbviufe auf; cntlid) murte 
fie turd) ten 3lberglauben, a^eld)er in ter ^}lcu|vi^ri?nad^t (^k\\kx ter 3u* 
!unft erblidt, ju einem lebentigen 3iittk]Uni]e. 

Gr fonnte e5 ni*t mel)r feben; — er i?crbullte ta^2hiiie; — taufent 
^eige 3;l)rdnen ftriimten v>erfiegent in ten ^6^nc( ;— er feuf3te nur no^ 
leife, trofl(o5 unt finnlo^: ^omme aneter, '^uc^mi, fomme ancter. 

Unc ftc fam aneter; tenn er Kittc nurfo fiirdter(id> getrdumt, 

Sr n?ar nod> cin 3unglin(^ ; nur feine 53crirrungen aniren fein 3:raum 
Qtmiin, %kx er tanfte ©ott, tnf^ er, nod) \m(\, in ten fdmu^icjen 
©dngen te? ^afteri? umfeBren, unt fid^ auf tic (3onnenbat)n suriidbcvje^ 
hn fonnte, tic in ta^ i^^nt ter (Srntcn (citct. 

^ebre mit ibm urn, ^iin^l^ittilf ^^i'"i^ tu auf feinem 3^*^ii-'Cil'-' \^^^^^\^ • 
Xiefer fd^redente Iraum anrt fiinftiv^ tein Slid^tcr a^erten; abcr a>cnn 
tu einft iammer^oU rufen avdrteft: ^omme aneter, fdi3ne 3w5?ci^t I — 
fo n?urte fie nid)t ivictcr fommeni 

Sean 9) a u I (iRid}ter). 

38 iS^ orgenUeh 

grii^ (ajf^ mid) teine ©nate l)bren, 
Der bu gewad^t, e^^ id) gemac^t I 
!5^a§ 9lid)t^ ten 2lnfang mbgc ftoren, 
Xen tu mir i)eute 3ugetad)t. 
Bern t)U ta^ Befte 2;^eil Befc^ieben 
?5ur feineg ZaQt^ furjen Sauf, 
Den medeft tu in fanftem ^rieten 
SD^it beine^ ©eifte^ Dtem auf. 

©iif ift'^, (Bott, ntit tir erttjac^en, 
Unb frii^ loon bir umfangen fein ; 
Dag giebt tie recite ^raft lem ©(^.mac^en, 
?5(b§t greubigfeit jum Seben ein: 
Da ge^t bie ©tunbe nidt ^erloren, 
Da rennt bie (Seele nid)t nad 3:attb, 
Sie ki Urn 33Iinben, Bei bent Z^oxm, 
Der biifter o^ne bic^ erftanb, 

2l(^, mx fid) friil) mit roller SieBc 
ipingabe beinem ©nabengug, 
Der ^att' an 2idt nnb ^eiPgem Zxkht 
2Iut feinen gangen 2:ag genug. 
^'ein @egen fe^ltc tern ©emiit^e, 
^ein ^ki ijerfd^manbe, bag er fuc^t, 
Unt) nad) teg ^orgeng goltner 33liitl§c 
^am' and) beg 5l6entg goltne ?^ru(^t. 

D Seben, beffen ^orgenftnnben 
Die Sie6e Jag tV 3:ag er^elltl 
Dn (5)arbe fiir ben ^errn gebunben, 
3n feinem 3:empel anfgefteUt I — 
%xvL^' lafp mid) beine ^nabe ^bren, 
D ©ott, yerfldre meinen 2:ag, 
Da§ id) in foldem ©lan^ ber S^rcn 
2tm 2:ag'' ber ®arben ftel^en mag I 

^ 5^ a a p p. 

X)ad vrcu5i|d)e ^oU im 3a^re 1813. 39 

^a^ prcu^if^c 58olf im 3a!)tc 18 3 3* 

SSott kernel biiJ Xemmin, von Solberg M^ ®(at^ jvar in tern un^er^ 
gepd^en 3rut)Un9e unt^ ®ommer cei^ ^ai^xti 1813 untev ten ^reugen 
nur Sine Stimme, (Sin ®efut)I, (£in 3t>rn, unD t£ine 'iJiebe: Das i^ater^ 
lant; gu rettcn, unD ^eutfd^lanD gn befrcien. ^rieg ivollten tie ^])rcuf'cn, 
@efai)r unt Zo^ wolltcn fte, ten grieten fiirdteten fie, meil fie t>on dla^ 
poleon feinen et^renyotten unt ^rcn§i|d)en Bricten ^cffen fonnten. 
^rieg, ^rieg ! fdatlte e^J von ten ^l'arpati)en Hi gur Dftfcc, yon tern 
91iemen Bi^3 ju^ Slbe, ^rieg I rief ter (Etelmann unt Cantbcfi^er, ter 
ijerarmt mar, ^rieg I ter iSauer, ter fein le^te^ ^>fcrt unter T^orfpann 
unt %nhxm tott trieb, ^rieg I ter 23iirger, ten tie Sinquartierungen 
unt Slbgakn erfd^opften, ^rieg I ter 3:agelol)ner, ter feiue 2(rbeit ftnten 
lonnte, ^rieg I tie SSittme, tie ii)ren einjigen (3ot)n in ta5 gcit fdidtc, 
^rieg ! tie 33raut, tie ten 33rantigam gugleid) mit 3:l)rdnen te^^ StoIje^J 
unt te5 Sd^mer^e^ entlie§. 3iitt9ii«j5C, tie faum jre^rl)aft marcn, 
?iJ?anner mit graucn .^paaren unt manfcnten ^nien, Cffi^iere, tie ircgcn 
S3unten unt 35erftiimmclungen (ange ebrenyoU entlaffcn iimreu, reid^e 
®uti?bcfit3cr unt 33camtc, 5)ater 3al)Ireid)er ^amilien unt i'cnoaltcr jreit^ 
laufigcr ®efd}afte, in .^pinfid)t jetee ^riegijtienftciJ entfdultigt, ivotlten 
f!(^ felbft nid)t entfcbultigcn, \a fogar Sungfrauen unter manderici ^cx^ 
ftellungen unt ^^erIaryungcn triingten fid) gu ten SQajfcn, 2llle a^oUtcn 
fid iiben, riiftcn unt fiir ta5 25aterlant ftreiten unt ftcrtcn. 

^reu^cn wax iineter ta:^ Sparta gcmorten, aU nHld)C5 feine ^idter 
e3 einft kfangcn ; jete Statt, Jeter glecfen, jctci? I^orf fdallte yon 
^ricgiJluft unt ^'riegi?muftf, unt luar in eincn Uc(^ung^^ unt SBaffeu:; 
ptag yermanteit; ie:e ^euerejye wart eine ^Caffenfdmiete. ^a^J tyar 
taiJ 8donfte ki tiefcm t)eiligen Sifer xmt froHid^em ©cmimmel, ta§ 
alle Unterfdiete yon ©tauten unt ^laffen, yon 3l(tcrn unt 8tufcn yer^^ 
geffen unt aufge^oben iraren, ta§ Jeter fid) temiitlngte unt Mngab ju 
tern ©efdafte unt Tienft, mo er ter 33raud(\irfte mar, ta§ ta,^ einc 
gro§e (3c\ixhl lei 55aterlantei? unt fciner ^^rcii^eit unt Sbrc a((c anterc 
®efii()(e yerfdiang, alie anterc fonft erlauhe 9fliidfidten unt loblide 
SSer^altniffe auf()o(\ Tie '^tenfdcn fiiMten a, fie maren glcid> gemor^ 
ten turd ta»? langc Ungliiif, fie moKten an6> gleid fein ini Xicnft nut 
im Gkborfam. 

Unt io )(i)x erbob tie Innligc f]ikbt mil Mi genicinfame 3treben, 

40 Xai? preu^ifc^e ^oH im 3a^re 1813, 

itjo^on fie befeelt maren, allc ^eqen, ta§ ta^J S^lietriije, ©emcine iint) 
^tlce, l)em in getummcboilcu 3citett tcr -^eivaffnuugen unt) .ilricge 
eine fo a^eite '^abn gebfjitet ift, ni(^t auftommeit lonntc. tu l}eiUge 
33egeifterung tiefer un^^ergc^lictjen ZdQC ift turd) fcine Stuijfc^ireifung 
line Siltt)eit enttuei^t morten. 2Gas tic 'DJcdnncr fo immittelbar unter 
ten SCaffen t^aten, U^ t^at ta5 jartere C>H'fd)lcd)t ter ?^rauen turd) ftiUe 
©ebete, briinftige Srmal)nungen, fromme 2Irbeiten, ntenfd)Iid)e (Sorgen 
unt '^JZii^en fiir tie Stuejietjcntcn, ^ranfen unt 5>ern?unteten, Scr 
!ann tic un3at)Ugen Dpfer unt ®ahn jencr ^dt gd^len, tie jum 3:|eit 
unter ten rii^rcntften Umftdnten targebrad^t jrorten ftnt ? 3Ber !ann 
tie tern 33aterlante ewig tl)euern 5^amen ter graucn unt 3w«9fi^^«f« 
aufred)nen, melc^e in einjelnen SGo^nungen oter in ^ranfcn^dufern tie 
9lacfenten gefleitet, tie ^ungernten gefpeift, tie ^ranlen gepflegt, unt 
tie ^Sertuunteten toerbunten ):)ahn ? (So gefd)at) e^ 'oon einem Snte te5 
0leid)^ bi5 sum antern, tod) gebii^rte Berlin ter 25orrang; e^ l)at 
bewiefen, ta§ e^ i?ertient, ter Si0 feiner ^crrfd)er gu fein. greue tid) 
teiner (St)ren, n?adere @tatt I tk alten (Siinten fint »erflU)nt, tie 
alten Unbide ^ergeffen, 9^u^m unt ©liid merten it?ieter i^rcn 2Sol)nftt3 
bei tir auffc^lagen, ^d) fage nur ta^ Sine: (Xi mar plb^Ud) wie tur^ 
ein SBunter (53otte5 ein groped unt it»iirtige5 33oI! entftanten. — 

(Bo Ijat ta5 preu5ifd)e 25oIf ^id) offenbart ; fo ift (3oit um ®otte3 
^raft, unt eine 33egcifterung, tie luir nid^t bcgreifen fbnnen, auAj unter 
un^ erfd)ienen, 1)ie ^reu^en batten gc^rbeClin unt i;od)ftdtt, 2:urin 
unt ^iZalpIaquet, fie ^tten tie 3:age von S^lopad) unt Seut^en, tie 
@d)la(^ten i)on 3:orgau unt 3orntorf — fte :^abcn nie 3:age ge^abt mie 
tie ijott (5)ro§^^brfd)en unt »on ter ,^a^bad), 'oon ^^ennemil^ unt ijon 
Seipjig; tenn fie l)aben nie ijor^er meter mit einem fo grojjen ©cifte, 
no6 fiir eine fo grof e Ba&jt, ta5 @d)mert gegogcn. £ajj mir .ie|t frei 
airmen, ta^ mir frbt)Iid) in ten ©ternen bliden unt (5)ott anbeten, taj 
mir unfere Winter mieter mit ^^reuten anje^cn fonnen, al^:3 tie ta fiinf^ 
tig freie banner fcin merten — ta^5 tauten mir nad)ft ®ott tiefen 33e:? 
ginnern ter teutf*en ipcrrlid^lcit, fie fint un^ iibrigen ^eutfd)en, mie 
ijerfd)ietene Xiamen mir and) fiibren mbgen, tie gIorreid)en 33ertreter 
uttt tae erfte 33eifpie( ter grei^eit unt S^re gemorten. 

e. m, Slrnbt. 

2Ger rcitet fo fpiit tur(^ 9^a^t unn Sffiinb ? 
©5 ifl ter '^atcr init feinem ,^inr) ; 
gr t)at rcti ^tiiaben a^o^l in Urn ^ftrm, 
Sr MJ3t it)u ftcbcr, cr l)alt i^n ivarm. 

„*i5}tcin 3o()n, a\i3 tnrcjft tu fo bang tein ©efiti^t?" 
„8icbft, ^Bater, cu ten (Srlfbnii^ n{d}t? 
X)cn tvrlcnfi3iiiv5 mit Stron^ unt) i^dnveif?" 
„^em 8ol)n, ci ift cin 5]ebclftvcir\" 

„I)uUe6e5 ^inD, fomm, c^d mit mir! 
®ar )Uone (Spiele fpieP id) mit rir; 
?Of?and)' hmte ^lumcn fine an tent (Btrant; 
9)tcinc ^}}Zuttcr bat mand) (jiiiten ©emanb." 

^'^J'^ein 5>atcr, mcin 5)ater, unt ^creft tu nic^t, 
3i\>ai3 Svlenfonig mir leife iHTfprid}t ?" 
„8ei rubiji, Heibe rut^ig, mein ^int ; 
3n tiirren iMattcrn fiiufelt rcr SBinD." 

„5Ci(Ift, fciner Stnah, hi mit mir gcl)n ? 
9}Zeinc led^tcr folien tic^ ivartcn fdum; 
2Reine Jed^ter fiit)rcn ten nad^tUd^cn ^dim, 
Unt ancgen unt tanjen, unt) fingcn tid) ein." 

„^ein 3?atcr, mein 53ater, unt ftel^ft tu nic^t tort 
Srlfonig^ 2bd^ter am tiiftcrn Drt?" 
„(Bn ru^ig, mein (go^n, i(^ fe^^ e^ gcnau: 
S5 fd)einen tie a(ten S^eiten fo grau." 

„3<^ Hek ti(^, milt reijt teine fd^ene ©eftalt, 
Unt folgft tu nid)t aiilig, fo brand)' id) (^emalt*" 
„^ein 5>ater, mein iBatcr, jc^t faft er mi(^ an I 
Srtfijnig l)at mir cin SciteiJ getban I" 

Dem 5Sater graufet'^, er rcitet gefdnrint, 
3n ten 5lrmen bait er tai< ad^cntc .^int, 
Smid>t ten ipof mit ^})?ub' unt ^otl>; 
3n feinen airmen taiJ .^int \i\\x tott. 

42 X; i e n d d) 1 1 i d) c ^; e c r f d) a u, 

^ai^td urn Ik 3wolfte Stuntc 
SSerldft ter 3:amt)Duv fein ®raB, 
'^a^^it mit ter 2:rommel tie diuntt, 
©e^t mirbeint auf unD aK 

SJZit feinen entfleifd^tcn ^rmen 
diixijxt er tie @d)ldgel fo qUx^, 
©(^Idgt mati^en guten SBirtel^ 
0leijeil unb S^l^^ttp^^^^)* 

!Dte 2;rommel flingpt gar feltfam, 
^at einen gar ^o^Ien Son: 
(£^ ern)ad)cn in i^rcn ©rdbern 
3)te totten ©ottaten fcaijon* 

Unb t)ie im fernen ^'^ortcn 
Srftarrt jn ©djnee unt di^, 
Untj tic in 2BcIfd)Ianb liegen, 
2Co i^nen tie Srte ju "^ei^» 

Unb tie ter 9^ilf(^lamm bedt, 
Unt) ter araMfefce ©ant: 
(Sie fteigen au^ i^ren ®rdBern, 
Unt ne^men'^ ^etue^r gnr ^an^« 

5^ad)t^ urn tie gtrblfte (£tnnte 
SSerldft ber 2;rom|)eter fein (3xah, 
Unt f^mettert in tie Zvompdt, 
Unt) reitet auf unt ab* 

!3)a lommen au^ t^ren (^rdbem 
T:ic totten 9teiter ^erki, 
2^ie blutigen alten ©(^tratronen, 
3n 23affen mancberlei. 

S^ grinfen tie ^nod^enfd^dbel 
^0^1 unter tern ^elme ^eroor, 
S^ ^alten tic ^nod^cn^dnte 
^ie langen ®d?tt?erter empor» 

Xer (Sieg. 43 

^a&iti itm tic ;;tvolfte ©tunte 
33erlatjt and) ter gcltbcrr fein ©raB, 
.^omrnt lauvjfani l)eri3cntteu, 
Umgeben yen feiucm ©tab, 

(Er tragt ein Heine;? ^;iitd)en, 
Sr tragt ein cinfad) ^(eit), 
Unt einen fleincn Xcgcn 
2;ragt er an feiner 8eit\ 

!iDer ^:0?cnt) mit falbem ?i(^te 
(Srkllt ten riiftern ^lan ; 
!i:;er ^J^ann im Heinen iputd)ert 
(Sie^t fic^ tie 3:ruppett an, 
!I^ie 3f^eil)en prafcntiren 
Unt fd^ultern ta^ ©eme^^r; 
S^arauf jicbt mit Hingentem ©pielc 
33oru&er ta5 gan^e ipcei\ 
"Lk 9Jiarfd)a(I' unt ©enevale 
(Sd)Ue^en urn ilnt.cinen ^rei^; 
!Der Sclt()err fagt tern nad)ften 
3n^ Dl)r ein Scrtd)en lei^, 

2^a5 2Bort gcl)t in tic 3flunte, 
^lingt aneter fern unt na^ : 
„?^ranfrei*" ift tie parole, 
!l:ie ?o|ung „(2t. Helena," 
"La^ ift tie gro^c 9^nnte 
3m elvfaifd)en ^elt, 
2^ie xtm tie ^au^Iftc ©tuntc 
T)tv totte Safar i}att 

». 3ebli^. 

Xie Softer ftrittcn, ivcr yon it}ncn 
5lm cifrigftcn getrefen fci, 
l^em 3?i3fen in ter SCclt in ticnen: 
X;en @ieg erbielt— tie ^peud^clei. 


Suftfpiel »on di. Senebix. 

g)erfonen: 5luaborf. ^af^arina, [eine %xau, Sllfreb. ©mma, feine ©attfn. 
^einrtc^. Si^kt^, in STIfrcb'^ 2)ienilen. 

erftcr Oluftritt. 

^einric^. Si^Jet^. 

Si^tet^ (Winter ber ©cene) — ^peinrid), ^etnri(^, ntadj' auf! 

^ e i n r i (^ (tritt ein; cr fupt ftc) — ^omm, i(^ mill Dir ^elfm ! 

Si^K — ^hv ^cinri^ — mcnn ta^ S^ntanb fie^t! — 

^ e i n r. — 2Ber foil c^ benn fe^en ? 

S i g K — I)er §err tann ja jeben 5lugenBlicf fomnten I 

^einr. — 5ld?, Si^t^et^, fo einen ^u^ im 3Sorkige^ert, fo auf ber 
gluc^t gu enuifd^en, ba5 fdmcdt am Seften, 

Si^K — 2lber ti^enn ber iperr — 

.^ e i n r. — 9lun irenn er e^ and) gcfet)ett l)atte, n^a^ ware babei ? 

Si^B. — 3d) fAdmte ntid) toJt. 

ip e i n r. — S3arum benn ? (Er wirb feine gran and) fiiffen — feit brei 
SJJonaten erft i)er^eiratt)et — 

Si^b. — ^a, feine graul Senn bu mein S)?antt mdrefl — 
ipe inr. — 2Bie lange ivirt) benn ba^ noc^ bauern? 

S i ^ B. — 2Ber mci§ 

ipeinr, — S^benfall^ Idnger, aU bir lie6 tft? - 

S i gb,— 3Ba5 ta5 fiir 9leben ftnb I "LmV an ^a^ 3:ifc^beden I 

^mikv 5luftritt. 

SJorigc, 5ltfrcb (blci^t unbemcrft an ber Z^nxt fle'^cn). 

Siab. — 'Der ^err ®d>miegert)ater unb bie ?5rau @c^tt>iegermutter 
lommen jum Srut)ftud. 

ipeinr. — Un^ freuen ftd). n?te gludltd) bie jungen SI)eIeute fmbl — 
^m, einen (2d)anegeryater !ann id:) bir freilic^ nidt aufnjeifen — 

S i 5 b.— Xa^ tl)ut 5^id)t5, t(^ au(^ nidjt ! 

^einr. — 3(^ Uritt, wiv 33eibe ftnb una felbft genugl (But fo, ber 
2:if^ ift o^tudt 

Si^b.— 3a. 



^eittr.— 5Bar? 

2 i 5 K— 9Zid)ti3— id^ fagte \a. 

^p e i n x.—Va^ ift ^3Ud^tc, nt mujjt M^ and) fa^en* 

^ einr.— ,(53ut \i\ tcr 3:ifd) ift geiecfti" 

SiiJb* — SSarum'^ 

ip e i n r.— Xa^^ fcblcft fid) fo* 

Si 56. — Xummeu S^u^i- 

^ c i n r.— H^emi man ctwai fcrti^ ^at, fo fagt matt: „®ut fo" otier 
„®ott Sob" oDer „(3ott fci Xanf", tie (Sadc ift fertig. 

S i 5 6.— 9larrctt)ci ! 

^ e i tt x.—Vai ift !eine 5^arret()ci, feitt bummed ^m^. 2ll5 ber 
(iek ®ott tie SSelt gefd^affeit t)atte unt fa^, taf 5lUe5 gut mar, fagte er 
au^: ®ott fei X)an!, tie SGelt ift fertig. Uttt tarum ift eg eiti from^ 
mcr 53rau(^, tag matt tag immcr fagt, tuettit matt — 

SigB» — 2(d), ge^ mit teiitcn TOernl)eiten ! 

^ e i tt r. — Sigbctl), eg fint Icitte 2llbent^eitett, tu mu§t tiid)t fo frei^ 
geifterifd) tl)un ! ^omm ^er uttt fage n?ie id): ®ott fei X)an!, ter 3:ifc^ 
ift getedt ! 

Sigb.— ^eitt! 

^ e i n r. — Mix in SieBc. 

SigK— 3c^ triani^tl 

ip e i n x,—Xn midft ui^t ? 

£ i g b. — ^eirt I 

^ e i n r.— Senn id) ti^ um etmag Bitte, fo fagft tu t ic^ toiU ni&jt ! ? 

S i g b. — 3^, i<J/ i^ I ®fnti i^ «i<^t n?ill, tann n^ill i^ nicbt, unt) 
ttjenn tu mid) jel)n 9)Jal bittejl ! 

ip c i n r» — 2Sie mare mir bag ? 3^^ !i3nnte id)n Med bitten, unb bu 
fagteft immer ncin ? 

2 i g b. — 3^1/ i^cnn tu fold) tummeg 3fU9 ijorbringft — 

^ e i n r. — 2g ift !ein tummeg 3f«g ; aber taoon ift gar nid)t tie 
Sftete, tu foUft eg blog fagen, weil i&i eg wiinfc^e. 

£ i g b,— 3d) tbue eg ni^t. 

ip e i n r» — Sigbett). 

Sigb.— .^einrid). 

^ e i n r. — 3c^t mu§t tu eg fagen* 

Sigb.— 3d> mug? 

.^ e i n r.^3^1, ic^ ^erlange eg ! 

46 Slgenfinn. 

g i g B.— 1)u traumft mo^I ? Dter Mft tu ^eute 5J?orgen mit tern 
Unfen gufe jucrft auo rem ^ctte gefticgcn ? 

^ einr,— i)Jtad)^ feine ^offenl SiJ ift mcin (SntftI !Du foEft fagen: 
®ott fci ^ant, ter 3:i[cfo ift geDedt ! 

^i i 5 b,—V(ii foil ic^ fagen ? 

£i^K— 3d)folI? 3*muf? 

ip e i tt r, — "tn follft unc mu§t. 

S i S b, — ^Jlun tijnc i&i e^ gar nt($t I 

^ e i n r, — Siobetb, id) Intte tid) 1 

$J i fi K— 3(^ tt)u'^ nid^t, 

ip e i n r. — 3iii« Ii^tpt^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^) ^i^ 

2 i «3 K — 3ci) t^u'^ nidt, ic^ t()u^5 nii^t, itnt) n>enn t>u tii(^ auf ben 
^o))f fteaft ! 

^ e i n r. — £;a^ mollen jt?tr tod) fe^en ! 

S i 5 K — X)a^ moUen trir fe^en I 

^ e i n r»— Sllfo bu gi&ft meinen bitten ni^t nac^, bu njeigerjl bi(^ 
t)artnadig ? 

S t ^ K— 3a I 

ip e i n r* — t:u miUft beinen (Eigenftnn nidt brec^en ? 

g i 5 K— 5f^eitt ! 

^ e i n r.— ®o follft lu ! (pacft fte am 5lrm.) 

Si^B.— 2lul 

^ e i n r. — (Sag^ e^ ! 

S i y B. — 5^ein, au, an I 

ip e i n r. — ®ott fci Xan!, ber 3:if(^ ifl gebedt i 

2 i ^ I\ — ^cin, ttein I Xu IjdfUder ^^Jienfd), mi^ fo gu briiden — ^unb 
ic^ fage e5 bo^ nicbt ! 

i^ e { n r,— (5)ut, mit mi ift e^ aui ! (Ia§t ftc lo^.) 

S i 5 K— ©0 geV I 

ip e i It X, — 8o Icidt gibft bu mi(^ auf? 

S t ^ K — SCenn bu ein ^m fein ji?illft. 

^ e i n r, — %hv bu fannft bod^ bie ))aar S3orte fagen? 

£ i^K— 5l6er i(^ n?ia nidt, i(% Witt ni(^t, i(^ Witt nic^t! 

ip e i n r. — ^nn, fo geb ^nm — 

S i 3 K — 2Cir fpreden un^ weiter ! 

ip e i n i\— Si^bet^! @ott fei !Danf, ber Xif(^ i^ gebedt I 

2i^K— 9]einl 

iiigenfinn. 47 

ip e i n r. — (iigcnftnn, tein 5^ame ift 2Bei6. bitten, X;roI)ungcn, 
(S)emalt, Mn^ 'ocxi^ckni 1 ^d) glaubc, i^ lomtc fie tort fd^Iajjen, ft^ 
fa^te e3 rod) nid^t 1 

2llfrer. — ^ia§ fie i^or ter ^ant) nod) (ekn, ipeinri^, fie maQ ti 
fagen otcr ntd^t ! 

.^ c i n x,—'M) ^err, (Sie "^aBen gc^^ort ? 

21 ( u—dmn Zijdi curc^ 3an!e5— ja, ja. 'Ta^ ^at)d)en ift fiarr^ 

ip e i n r, — 2l(^, fie ifl fonft gut — i^ wei§ nid^t, mae it)r :§eutc tm 
^opfe ftedt I 

31 1 f» — 3<i, i^J, t^f^ f^tttt immev miffen, ma5 ten SBeibern tm ^opfe 
fledt. Dod) ge^ ie^t, Beforge no(^ eine i^Iafdje SJ^ateira, meiit ®^mie^ 
ger^ater trinft gem ein ©Id^c^en gum Srii^ftiid ! 

ip e i n r. — (Sie mu§ e^ bod) nod) fagen ! (^einr. unb Sia^. ge^en ab.) 

21 1 f. — DB fie mit ii)rem 2ln3Uge nod) nic^t fertig ift ? (Bie ^t b-x^ 
f^on gelUngelt I %l), ta ijl fie. 

fritter 5luftritt. 

5ltfrcb, ©mma. 

Sm m a. — ®uten ^orgcn, ?!}?ann6en 1 

21 i f. — 50^ eine gute (Emma ! 

6 m. — 3Cie ^aft tu gefd)Iafen, 

21 1 f. — ipcrrUc^, tie ®liid(i(^en fd)lafen immer gut ! 

gm.— UnHnfttugliidli^? 

21 1 l—i:n fannft nod) fragen ? ^ift tu nid)t mein Beit ? 

S m. — ®d)meid)lcr I Xad mu§ nun aufH>ren ! S3tr finl) je^t fd)on 
brei "jD^onate ijerl)etrat^ct, tu mu§t anfangen, ein (£()emann gu n?erten; 
mu§t aufl)i3ren, ten SieB^akr gu fpielen I 

21 1 f. — Unl mdre tir tenn ta5 lieb ? 

S m. — 3^ nun, aUe SC^cIt fagt mir, ta^ tie ^Dldnner in ter S^e fic^ 
iintern, ic^ muj) mid) au($ tarauf gefa^t madden. 3^ Idnger tu aBer 
mit tiefer 2lenterung n^gerft, tcfto mcBr vewol)nft tu mid), tefto fc()me;; 
rer ttjerte ic^ mid) nad)i)er Inneinfinten. 

21 If. — 9^ie werte ic^ mid) dntern, (icBe^ SBeiB, nic folljl tu cinen 
Unterfc^ict ftnten 5mifd)en tern, mie ci ift unt ane t^ mar, 

@ m. — Unt id) werte tir <in6:^ nicmaliJ ©elegeuBeit geBen I 

51 1 f. — 3d) it>ei^, tu Bift ta^ Befte 3CeiB auf Srten, tu erfiitlft meinc 
2Biinfd>e, nod) et)e \6>, fie au^gefprocben 1 

48 (£igenfinn» 

e nu—nm t^uft feu ni^t tajfelbe ? 

31 1 f. — 2Bte fonttte ic^ an6:i feemem Sluge iriterjle^en, tomn c3 fo 
freanrlid^ auf mi&j geric^tet tft unJ — einen ^ug 6ege^rt. 

S m. — Qadp, mein ^err, mcine ^ilugen kge^ren niemals Mjfe, |te 
geitja^ren ^odjftenS I 

% I f. — ^un, fo gema^re I . 

(£m. — C'leoer 5llfret)I 

21 1 f.— ^etn fiif e5 S3eiM)en I 

a m, — Sleltcrn Heikn (ange, ic^ bac^te, fte wiirfcen frii^cr 

2llf.— 5Sermiffeftturte? 

S m. — Xte Srage mar ttr nt6t BetaAt ! — 

31 1 f. — '^^in, ndn, fte fu^r mix fo ^erau^ — T)a ^ah ic^ fo eBcn — 

S m. — SSa^ l)aft tu foebcn ? S^ mu§ fel)r luftig fein. 

21 ( f»— Sinen ^bcfcft fomifc^en 2tuftritt Betaufd^t I 

e m» — 23elauf^t ? (li, ei, ^err ©ema^I ! 

2t I f,— ®an3 gufdntg. 2Bie ic^ au^ metneni 3i«ittt^i^ nr^te, »er? 
rte^me i(^ ein leb^afte^ ©efprdd); tc^ BleiBe fte^en: ipeinric^ unb Si^bet^ 
l^aben fo eBen ben 3;if(^ geortnet, ^einric^ fagt fearauf ganj felbftaufrie^ 
ben: ®ott fei 'Ban!, ber 2:ifc^ tft gebedft, wnt ijerlangt »on St^bet^, fte 
foUe ba3 and) fagen; benn bas miiffe man nad^ ijollenteter 2lrBeit t^un» 

Sm» — 5Bie etnfdltig! 

21 If- — ^isBetl) ttjeigerte ft(^, Jpeinrtc^ Beftanb "oaxau^, fte gertet^en 
in einen formlid^en @trcit, er wotlte fte swingen, akr fte Blieb eigenfin^^ 
nig unl fagte e^ nidjt. 

S m. — 3^ nun, man !bnnte immer noc^ fragen, n>er ^ier am eigen^ 
finntgften wax, ipeinrid} orcr Si^kf^ ! 

21 1 f. — 2lEein er h\t fte barum ! 

(E m. — S^ tuar ein alberne^ 3?erlangen. 

21 ( f. — %hx fo unbebeutenb, baf ft(| bie ^artnddige SBeigerung gar 
nidjt re^tfertigen Idgt. 

iS m. — (Eben fo irenig ba^ l^artndcfige 55erlangen! 3c^ fin^^ ni^t, 
ba§ 2it^kt^ Unre(^t ^t. 

21 1 f. — ©treiten njir nicbt bariiber. 33ei un^ fonnte ba^ freilic^ nic^t 
i)or!ommen ! 

S nt. (fte^t i:^n jweifel^aft an). 

21 1 f. — ^tnn id) bid) urn fp etiua^ bate, bu miirbeji e^ t^un. 

^m,—^m, ipm! 

(Sigcnfinn. 49 

5H f._3ct) Hit iikrjeugt, lu njiirtejl e5 tt)un. 

(E m. — Unt lucnn id) c5 nid^t tl)dte ? 

5j I f._2rscnn tu ed nid)t t^ateft ^ ^^er f^atl ijl ni^t benfbar, bar* 
OUT woUtc id) a^ctten ! 

iSm.— iBettc m*t! 

21 1 f. — ^erfud^en mir c5 glcii^. 

Sm. — 9lein, ^crfiiAcn wir e^ ni^t! 

21 1 f.— 3d) bittc rid), lick Gmma, fage ein ?i)ial: ®ott fei Dant, 
ter Jifd) x\t c^etcdt. 

(Sm.— ®el), tuMflfintifA! 

2llf.— ^^ittc, Htte, fage e(5 1 

Sm.— 2Ba5 ta5 fiir ein 35erlangcn ift! 

21 1 f,— 53itte, fiigeiJ SSeibc^en, fage ein SJJal : ®ott fci 3^ant, ber 
3:if(^ ijl gebedt, 

S m. — 9Zcirt, ta^ fage i(i^ ni(^t ! 

21 1 f.— 33itte, bitte ! 

S m» — O^cin, nein ! 

2llf,— DufagftciSni^t? 

(Sttt.— 9lein! 

21 1 f, — Du flmntefi mir eine 33itte »crn?eigcrn ? 

S nt» — 2[t>cr e^ ware ja lintifd^, ba5 ju fagen I 

21 1 f._^intifc^ ober nid)t, barauf fommt e^ ni(^t an ! S^ ^anbelt 
f!c^ nur barum, bag bu meine 33itte erfiiUft. 

S m.— I;u t^ujt Unred)t mit einer fo(d)en S3itte I 

2lIf,_X)a3 mag fein, atlein bu t^uft Unrci^t, pf ^^^ abjufc^Iagen. 

e m. 3(^ t^ue Unrec^t ? XaiJ ift bajj crftc 50ZaI, bag bu mir fo Stn?a3 


21 If.— S5 ift auc^ bas erftc iU^al, tag bu mir einc Sitte tteriueigerfl ! 

g m.— Unc ta^ erft ^al, t}(n^ tu fo !inbifd\ fo uniiberlegt Mtteft ! 

21 1 f.— ^inDifd) ? Unuberlegt ? 2Beld)e SCorte mug ic^ »on bir ^oren ? 
3f^ ba^ bie ^prad^c ber Siebe ? 

S m, — ^ann bie Siebe i)on ber ©eliebten eine 3:|ort)cit ^erlangen ? 

21 1 f.— O, id) :^abe no(^ nic^t tterlangt, ic^ ^be nur gebeten ! 

Sm. — 8o — unb menu bu ijerlangen wiirbeft ? 

2llf,— l^ann— 

Sm. — Unb au-nn bu ^erlangen iriirbejl? 

211 f. — Xann wiirbeft bu bi^ bcftimmt nic^t ttjeigern! 

S m. — 3wft ^vinn anivbc id) mid) n?eigeml 

50 (Eigenfinn. 

(£ m,— @o Stmas njittfl bu »on mir loerlangen ? ^o witlfl tu mic^ 
cmiebrigen? Xer 35itte l)dtte ic^ ^ietteic^t na^gegeBen, bem ^erlangen 
weid^e id) nid^t. 

31 1 f, — ^ein ®ott, trie ^eftig, tuie ctttfi^ieten trittft feu gegen mic^ 
auf ! 31t fe<J^ t'f'^ 2:on, in tern eine ©attin mit i^rem ^iJJanne )>ri(^t ? 

(S m, — @inb foI(^e 2;^or^eiten 55erlattgen, tie ein ^3Jlann an feine 
(^attin JleUt ? 

Alerter Slnftritt. 

Sm. — 3c{) ^^^^ wtctn Za\6^mtu6!i liegen (ajfett ! 

•^ ( f, — Smma, treibe eine (Sa(^e, bie anfang^ ©c^erj war, nic^t H^ 
auf tie (Spi^e. 

(£ m. — 3:^ue i(^ fcenn ba5 ? !Du Hft e^, feer eiuen ©(^er^ in (Enijl 

21 If, — ^aft feu iiterlegt? SGittfl bu fceinen (Sigenftnn aufgeBen? 

(S m. — 2Bie ? (Eigenfinn ? 2^u n?ei§t, id) !ann Da5 23ort nic^t lei^en; 
id) Hn nid)t eigenfmnig, in ^iefem %aUt Mn id) e3 gar nid)t, fontern 
TDu Bift e^, intern bii fo ^artnadig auf einer 2:^or^eit Befte^ft! 

^^ I f, — %Ux (Emma, tegreife to(^, um biefe Jkr^eit ift e^ mir ja gar 
ni(^t ju t^un, id) n?ill Blof , ba^ tu mir feine 53itte a&f(^Iag|l ! 

S m, — Unt) id) Bitte bi(^, tton ber ©a^e auf3ut)oren ! 

% I f, — 2tBer ic^ ^aBe bid) guerft geBeten, meine 33itte gel)t ijor. 3(% 
'^dite eg nic^t fiir mbglicfc ge^alten, ba§ Du jemal^ 5^ein fagen fonnteft ! 
3d5 f ann ben ®eban!en nicBt ertragen ! 

(E m,— @o ? 3^^ foil niemalg Sfttin fagen? 3ntmer nur: ^a, 3a, 
3a ! @ie^, bu Bift wie bie SO^dnner alle. 3^^ i^oUt !eine HeBen^e ®at^ 
tin, feine gleic^Berec^ttgte ^eunbin ^aBen ? i^r »erlangt, ^af eine grau 
eure (Sclaijin fei. 

21 1 f.— 2BeId)e UeBertreiBung ! 

(E m. — ^f^ein, nein, fo fdngt tie Unterjo^ung an, mit ber ^orberung 
bc3 Blinben ©e^orfam^. 2(Ber i(% lajfe mi(^ ni(^t jur @da»in mad)en, 
nie, niemaU, 3<i) J^f^te meine 3ftec^te i)ertt)eitigen Big auf ben le^ten 
^It^emjug, nie n^erbe i(^ mi(^ Xro^ungen, nie ro^er ®en?a(t unter^ 

21 \ f.— „Unb er foU bein ^err fein," fagt bie ©c^rift. 

(Eigenfinti, 61 

S m.— Sie^ft tu, ta^ id? 3*lcdJt ^attc ? Xu ttJtUft tcr^crr, id) foil t)ic 
©clatjin fein, tu wiUfi kfe^Ien, id^ foil ge^or^cn. D, ic^ erfennc 
tcine ^errfd^aft an, mt eiJ ft^ giemt, id) werte Mr ge^ord)en in alien 
^jcrniinftigen X;ingen, nie ahtx, menn teine 33efe^Ie unverniinftig fint) ! 

21 1 f. — X)a^ fmt feine Slu^^riidt c, bie man gegen S^ntant kauc^t, 
ten man ac^tet ! 

a m. — ©olc^e I^inge mut^et man and!) einer ^an nid)t ju, bie man 

21 1 f* — 2lBer ein ©^erg — 

Sm,— D, tu ^ft Mttem Smfl barau^ gema(^t» 5^od^ cor einer 
Sierteljlunte fagteft tu mir: nie ttjerbe ic^ mic^ dnbern, unb fd)on je^t 
fle^fl bu mir aU ber falte, gefiipofe (E^emann gegeniiber, ber in feiner 
grau nur feine Untergebene fte^t ! 

21 ( f, — SBeine nid)t, bu wei^t, bag 3:^ranen mic^ reijen ! 

S m. — 3(^ fiittn nid)t bafiir, n?enn bu fte mir gemaltfam au^preflefl ! 

2llf» — ^^etn ®ott, mel(^ ein Un9el)euer Hn id) fd^ott geworben I 
3d} ))re|fe bir 3:^rdnen au^J ! 2Irmeg, fcebauern^mert^e^ SBeiB, ba^ i^r 
Ungliicf an fol(^ einen Unmenfd)en fettete ! 

S m, — ©0 re^t, fiige nod) ©pott ju beiner ®raufam!eit. 23er mir 
bad i)or einer (Stunbe gcfagt ^dtte ! 3c^ ft^"b fo frb^Ii(^ auf, i(^ fii^lte 
mid) fo gliidlic^, unb je^t 

21 If, — ®ibt ed !ein ungliidlic^ered 2CeiB, aid bu Bijl; fprid^ ed nur 

Sm. (weint unb antroortet nic^t.) 

21 1 f. — Dad oerb SBeinen ! 2Benn je^t bie 21eltem fommen, 

wad fotlen fte benfen I (£mma — — (^mma — '^xan — liebed ,^inb — 
!omm, lag und ^rieben mac^en* 

G m, — grieten ? 

21 1 f. — Sd ift t^bricbt, ba§ wir und ben fc^bnen ^orgen fet6j^ »er? 

a m. — 8ie^ft bu bad ein ? 

21 1 f. — ?Riemanb I)at »ol)I meniger ®runb, fic^ gu »eruneinigen, aid 
tt>ir I 

l£ m. — Unb bod) warjl bu fo ^art gegen mi&i ! 

21 If. — 9Zun fie^, ic^ fommc bir entgcgen, ic^ Mete bir bic $anb; 
mac^en tuir f^rieten. 

(Sm. — X:u Unart, mid) fo ;;u qudlen. 

3^ ^'.— Unb nun fagft tu mir ju Siebe bie paax SCorte? 

52 (Ei gen finite 

em»— 2Gie*? Smmernoc^? 

3llf.— X;utt)iUftniAt? 

gm.— 2lBer2llfreb 

21 1 f*— 3(^ Bin bir entgegengcbmmen, ^a6e Ur bie ipattb geret^t, 
je^t tft e^ an bir, au^ beinerfeit^ nac^jugeBett, 

gm.— 5lIfo bu Befte^ft barauf ? Xu trillft ben ©trett tion »orn mt^ 
fangen ? 

51I|\ — gnbe ben ©treit — fage bie paax SCortc, unb ic^ Bin Be^^ 

S nt. — S^letn ! unb aBermal^ nein! 

5llf,— 9lein? 

(£m.— 9lein! 

31 1 f,— ®ut, ftbtt, fe^r f(^5n. £u fte^fl, ba§ mir ein ©efatten mit 
biefer ^leinigfeit gefi^ie^^t, aEein bu t:^uft e^ nidjt, ^ein SKunfc^ 
mag eine 3:^or^eit fein, aBer eg ift bo(^ mein S5unf^— bu erfiillft il)n 
nic^t* S^ mag Sigenftnn ijon mir fein, bag tton btr gu »erlangen, 
aHein bie SieBe foEte ft^ bem ©igenftnne fiigen, follte naAgeBen, — bu 
t^uft eg nid^t* 5ln ben bummen SBorten !ann mir ^i&iti Uegen, aBer 
eg toaxt mir ein Semeig beiner SieBe, ba^ bu fte fagft, unb an biefem 
S3eweife liegt mir SSiel, — allein bu giBft mir biefen 33emeig nic^t. 3^% 
l^aBe bi(^ geBeten, id; ^Be ^erlangt, id) ^aBe 35ernunftgriinbe aller Slrt 
erfd)b|)ft — allein bu BleiBft ^^artnddig I Unb bu tuiflft mid) lieBen ? Xju, 
bie ni(^t einmal i^ren Sigenfmn Beldmpfen Jann, um i^rem Wlann eine 
©efdiligfett gu erweifen? ®e^, ge^^, fage mir nie trieber, la^ bu mic^ 

i m, — !I)u tuirffl mir (Sigenfmn »or ? Unb mit me^em 9le(^te ? 
T)n giBft felBjl ju, baf eg eine 2::^or^eit ifl, »on mir iene einfditigen 
SBorte ju »erlangen, unb bo^ Befle^^jt bu auf biefer ^^or^eit ? @g tviirbe 
mid) entwiirbigen, ttjotlte ic^ njif[entlid) eine 3:^or^eit Bege^en, unb bo(^ 
»erlangft bu entfdjieben biefe (Snttuiirbigung ? 3f^ ^^^ ^i^Be ? !Du Pel)jl, 
laf mid^ bein SSerlangen fc^mcrjt, ba§ mir beine 3«tt^wt^ungen m^^ 
tl)un — aBer bag rii^rt bi(^ nic^t, ^n Befte^fl auf beinem ^opfe* 1)eine 

Jpdrte ^re§t mir 2:^rdnen au^, fte laffen bid) fait — mein ganjeg 

SBefen ftrduBt ftc^ gegen bein 3Serlangen, aBer ^artnddig Befte^ft bu auf 
beinem Sitlen. 3Bo, auf n?e^er ©eite ift nun ber Sigenftnn ? 2So 
ift ber SSJlangel m 2ieBe ? 

(Stgcnfinn. 53 

gfttttftcr «ttftritt. 

ip e i n r» — X;ie ^errfc^aftcn fommcm ! 

'^ I f, — 3Ser6irg tetne 3;^rdnen ! 2Ba5 foden fte »on bfr benfen ? 

S m.— 3)Zeinetn)egcn mbgen pe n?ij[en, ttae ijorgegangcn ifl, ic^ fut)Ie 
mid) unfd^ulcig. 

^il I f* — 5f^tmm teine ^flic()ten aU §augfrau in 5lc^t; man mu^ fcinen 
(SJaflcn ein freuntlidje^ ®eft(^t jcigen, 

Sej^ficr 5luftritt. 

SJorigc, 5luaborf, ^at^arina, Si^bct:^. 

3lugborf, — ©uten SJ^orgen Winter, guten SJiorgen! Jpe, wie 

21 1 f» — ®ein (Sie ^erjlic^ triUfommen ! 

Sm» — SBiOfommen, Uebe ^QZutter, Bejler 3Sater, 

^ a t ^ a r i n a. — (Si, mein ^inb, i(^ ^aU bid) lange nid^t gcfe:^cn, 
bu mac^ft bic^ fetten. 

gm.— SieBe?!)Zutter— 

^ a t :^. — SBeif fc^on, ^inb ! treif fc^on, einc junge %xan 1^at me^r 
gu t^un, al^ an i^re alte Gutter gu benfen* 

21 n ^b,— l^a^ ijl ber 2BeIt Un\, %van, fte mu§ 3Sater unb Gutter 
»erla|Jen, toit e^ in ber @d)rift fte^t — akr (Smma benft bo(^ noc^ ^n^ 
mikn an un^; ^^^id^t fo, ^inb? 

(S m» — 3ntmer, 3Sater, immer I 

51 1 f. — 355ot(en mir nn5 nid)t fe^cn ! (^cinr. unb Si^B. ge^cn aft.) 

2lu^b. — 3<^ i>in'5 jnfrieben, iperr @o^n; e^ ift ein tueiter 2Beg ju 
eud^ ^er, id) Bringe miibe 33eine unb tiic^tige (S^luft mit. ipd^a, ^rau, 
bu ^d^ bid) jnjifc^en bie jungen Seute gefc^t, ba^ ifl ein gefc^eibter Sin:= 
fati »on bir ; benn n?enn bie bei einanber ft^en, fmD fte fur ike ®dfte 
ganj ungenie§bar, Via, (logt an, i^ iunge^ 55oI!, nod) ttiete 3:age irie 
^eute I 5Ba^ ijl bag ? 3^r ^o§t nic^t an ? ^e— ^err (Bo^n, ©ie ma^ 
d)en ein »erlegeneg ®eftd)t unb bie junge ^rau l)at eine 3:^rdne im 
2luge ? ^at eg einen S^eflanbgauftritt gegeBen ? 

^ a t ^.— 2Bie !annft bu fo unjart fragen ? Sa^ bag bie ^inber 
felbfl augmac^en ! 

21 If.— Sine ^leinigleit, ein ©Aerj— niti^t ber 3^ebe mertt) ! 3)Zeine 
gute Smma ijl etnjag gu empftnblidb I 

54 (£ i g e n f i tt n* 

(E m, 2lu(^ tag noA ? 2lu(^ Sm))finUi(^Ieit trtrb mtr nod^ ijorge^ 
ttorfen ! 

51 1 f. — Xu I'oHtej^ njenigftene in ©e^entrart unferer Sleltern — 

^ at^. — Seru^ige tid), (Emma, fo etma^ !ommt wo^I i)or I 

gut. — 3d) fii^le, eg ift Unrei^t, tag id) mid) ni(tt be^errfc^en lann, 
— ic^ ^abc eg ijerfuc^t, ^aBe mit mir gefdmpft, aflein ids Mn ju tief gc^ 

^ a 1 1), — Si, ei, ^err (Sc^ttjtegerfol)n — 

31 u g t»— ^I't, %xan, mif(^e tid) m(^t in fciefe ©ac^e, 'ta^ ge^t nur 
tie Winter m. 

51 1 f.— ^f^ad) Smmag 5leuf erung fd)eint eg wirflic^, alg ptte i^ i^r 
einc uner^orte .^rdnfung jugefugt, ©ie mbgen felbft entfd)eiten, i^ 
will S^nett tie @ac^e mitt^eilen* 

21 u g t,— ^affen ©ie tag, iperr ©o^n, ttjir mifc^en ung nic^t in 3^^^^ 
e^elic^en ©treitigfeiten ! 

21 1 1\— S^lein, nein, gerate S^tten gegeniiber mu^ ic§ mi(% rec^tfertigen* 

2lugt»— 3ftnid)tni3t^ig! 

21 1 f* — ©ie fonnten glauben — 

21 u g t»— Sir glauben 5f^i*tg I 

^ a t :^» — 2a§ boc^, i)ieneic^t fii^rt 'ta^ ^u einer 35erftdntigung* 9lc:s 
ten @ie, ^err ®o§n ! 

21 If, — 3c^ be(aufd)te ^eute ^O^orgen unfern ipeinric^, ter i>on ter Sig^ 
bet^ ijerlangte, fte foEe fagen: „®ott fei X)anf, ter Zi]6> ift getecft/' 
nnt mit i^r in ^eftigen ©treit geriet^, alg fte tag ni^t moUte, 2ad)ent 
er^dpe id) tag meiner ^rau: f(^meid)elnt fagte x^ i^r, fie tuiirte nic^t 
fo eigenfmnig fein, unt bat fte im ©c^erje, fte moc^te jene SSorte fpre^ 
(^en. (Sie meigerte fi(^ aber mit fo entf(^ietenem (Eigenfinn, mit fo 
auffattenter ^artnddigMt, ta§ njir einen ernftlicfeen SBorttrec^fel "fatten, 

(Em.— IDa :^oren @ie eg felbft: ^artndrfigfeit, Sigenftnn, Smpfint< 
li(^!eit, 2l(leg jrirft er mir »or. (Bit !5nnen mir bejeugen, tag ic^ nie* 
malg eigenftnnig n?ar. 

2lugt,— !Ra, na, ^int— 

^at^.— 5flein, iUlann, ta t:^ufttu(Emma Unred)t, fte ijl niemalg 
eigenftnnig gemefen. 53eru^ige tic^, ^int, tuir wollen ung nic^t ^wiiJ 
fc^en cu(^ trdngen, i^r wertet eu(^ fd)on mieter ijerfo^nen. 

(E m. — 2td), er beftebt nocb immer tarauf, ic^ foil jene SBorte fagen, 

^ atb. — ©ie, iperr ©o'^n, ©ie befte^ennod^ immer tarauf? 

21 1 f. — 53itte, laffen n?ir tie ©ac^e unerbrtert ! 

(Eigenfinn. ^5 

21 u « t.— 3a, tarum Mtte i&i aud), ijerterBt mir bag ^^rii^fliicf ni&jt 
!Eu bifl tin 5^arrd?en, (Smma, unC @ie, ipcrr (So^n, @ie miijfett einer 
%xau I'c^on etirad (iigenwilleti nad)fe^en, fie mirr) fic^ fc^on gewblnen, 
tt)ie meine Sllte ta. (£e^en @ie, tie fennt feinen SBiCerfprudj, fte erfiillt 
atle meine SBiinfc^e, um menn id) tjon itjr »erlattgte, fte foUe fagen: 
„®ott fei X)anf, rer Jifc^ ift getedt/' fte witrbe e^ glei^ t^un I 

^ a t^.— !Da0 wiirte pc aber nid^t t^un! 

2lugt).— 2Bie? 

^ a t ^. — Xu wiirfcefl e^ ttid)t kgc^ren* 

21 u 5 b. — SBenn id) e5 a^er begeBrtc I 

^ a t ^. — @o toixxU i(^ eg ni^t t^un ! 

21 u g t),— 2l|, grau, tu fprid^jl nicbt im Smjle ! 

^at^.— 3m rotten (Ernfte I 

21 u g b, — Xu wiirbejl fci(^ n^eigern, mein SSertangcn ju erfutlett ? 

^at^.— 3al 

21 1 f. — 33itte, fprec^en tvir toon ctnjad 2lnbcrem, 

21 u g b, — ^'lein, bag ift mir nod) ni(^t »orge!ommen, bag mug inM 
^larc gebracfct merten. Ciebe ^at^arine, fage einmah „®ott fci Danf, 
bcr 3;ifd^ ifl gebedt," 

^ at^.— Sa§ mid^ gufrieben ! 

2lugb.— 53ittc, fagecg! 

^at^.— 9lein! 

21 u g b. — 3d) fage eg taglic^ (aut unb leife fiir mi(^ aug ttollem ^er^ 
sen, ttjenn i(^ ten 3:i|'(^ fertig fe^e: „®ott fei X)anf, ber 3;if^ ifl gebedt," 
fagc bu eg avi&i einmal 

^at^.— 9lein! 

(S m.— SieBe 3Kutter ! 

2lugb.— ^at^arina! 

^at^,— 5flein! 


^at^. — 9^ein, nein! 

2lugb.— ^ett^? 

^at^.— 3d)t^ueegnic^t! 

2lugb.— 9lein, bag ijl mir auger bem Spage! Sidfl bu beiner 
3;odfcter ein fc^Ied^teg 33eifpiel burd^ beinen (Eigenjtnn geben ? 


^a t^.-— Da ^a&en tt>ir bie alte Srfa^rung: bie 3)Zanner t)alten ju? 

J)6 eigcttfitttt* 

fammctt, ttjentt c3 tie Untcrbriiduit^ ber graucn gilt, !Dcr SSater 
nimmt ^artei gegert feine cigene 2;oc^ter ! 

2lugt,— 3c^ nt^mt gar feine ^artet, aU meine eigenc» 2Ba3 
meine 3:o(^ter mit i^rem mamt tor^at, geM mi(^ 9li^tg an, ^it 
^ir t^ah tdj eg au t|un, ijon bir »erlange ic^, tu fotlji jene SCortc 
fpreci^en ! 

^ a t ^. — 2Sie fattnfl tu i?on beiner %ran cine 3:^or:^eit ijerlangen? 

31 u g b. — 3:^or:^eit ober ni^t, taijon ift feine 3flcbe, i:ieg 35erlangen 
i(l ber 5)riifj^ein beg ®e:^orfantg, fonft 9licbtg* Gkn fo ^ing ®efler ben 
bcrii|mten Jpnt auf, ben Ut ©c^iueijer grii^en foHten, Hog jum ^riifftein 
beg ©e^orfamg, 

^ a t ^. — 0tid;tig, unb tueil bag mit bem ^wte cbenfaflg eine Idc^er^ 
Ii(^e,t^brid)te, enttt?iirbigenbe ?5orberung mar, fo emporten fid) bie(S(^n?ei^ 
jer gegen i^re 3tt?ittgt)erm, 

^m. — Unt mir fiigen nn^ eknfomenig, mie bie ©d^meijer M fiigten. 

^ a tl\ — Sir fbnnen nng aw^ in Slufftanb gegen unfere ^X^dnner fe^en« 

(E m. — S}ir pnb t^rauen, akr feine Untergebenen. 

^ a 1 1). — 33ei ben 3;itrfen ntag bie ^rau eine UntcrgeBene fein, aHein 
tt?ir leben in einem c^riftlid^en ©taate I 

S m. — I^ie ^erren fdjeinen bie tiirfifdsen ©itten t)ier einfut)ren gu 
moUen ; benn i^r 35erfa^ren ijl ganj tiirfifc^, 

^ a t ^, — ^ber ®ott fci I)anf, mir ftnt feine ©claijinnen nnb trerben 
itnfere ^t&jtt 3U ma^ren mijfen, 

(E m. — 58Iinter ©e^orfam ift eine ©cta^entugenb . 

^ a t :^. — 2Bir unterfuc^en tx% ob bie 33efe:^Ie gut p^b, e:^e mir gc:: 

@ m. — Unb folc^e t^bridjte f^orberungen erfiillen toix nit, nie, nie I 

^ati— ^flie, nie, ttie! 

21 u g b» — Da ^aben mir bie 35ef(^eerung, U^ ganje meiHic^e ®e? 
f^Ied)t 1:)ahn mir ung auf ben ^alg ge^e|t. 

2llf.— ®ag fotten mir t^m^ 

21 u g t.— 3:^un ®ie, mag @ie motlen; mir tterbirBt bie ©efd^ic^te bag 
i^ni'^ftiicf, unt) menu i&i nicbt ntit ge^riger (Seelenru^e gefril^jtucft ^ak, 
fc^merft mir tag ^JZittageflien ni^t. 

21 1 1 — WSnn mir fbnnen boc^ ntdbt nac^geben? 

21 u g b,— <Sd>a^, bag ij^ ein ©trett, hi ^m fein ^enfd) Gtmag gcr^ 
minnt ; id) ^abe mid ^inreif en lajfen, Hn etmag drgerlid) gemorten, akr 
ie^t fe^rt meine 3flut)e juriid, !Dic ©eibcr IjaUn fo Unrcdt nidt, ant 

(Sigenfltttt* 57 

Snbc tfl c5 efccn fo cigenfmnig, Stma^ ^artnacfig ju ^erlangcn, al5 ed 
l^artttadfig ^u ijeweigcrn, 

g ttt. — Jpdtte i(!^ gea^nt, tag bie ©ac^c fo welt fii^ren wiirbe, id) :^dtte 
e^ 9lei(^ Slnfangd aU ©djeq genommen unti feinen SCitten get^an, — 
je^t fann i&i eg nii^t me^r. 

^at^« — 3luf feinen t$iitt, t)u n?drfl fiir ettjige 3^iten feiner 3>^i^9^ 
lerrfc^aft cerfatlen* 

S m. — Sr foil fe^en, tag i^ einen fej^en SSiEen ^a6e. 

^ a t '^,— 3led)t fo, feinen ©d^ritt weic^en n)ir I SJiein 5llter foU ji(^ 
njuntem ; er fann lange Bitten, e^e i(^ njieter gut ttjerfce ! 

S m.— ©ie pe^en mix bei, bej^e SOZutter? 

^ a 1 1* — SSerlag tic^ t>arauf, 

21 u g t.— ^er ^liigjie gibt naA— 

21 1 f. — 3c^ ttJoUte gem, aBer tie Ske — 

2lu«t. — 33a^, to fagt man fo. 'Dag 9la*geBen t^ut njc^, unt 
tag nennt man gem S^rgefii^l — ma^en ©ie tie (Sac^c mit einem 
(Sc^erje n?ieter gut I 

21 1 f. — 3ft, cirt ©(^erj — i(^ werte tern X^inge cin (Ente mac^en» 

21 u g t. — ipbrt, Winter, i^r feit mir ju mdc^tig in eurem 53unte ! 
3c^ will mid) turc^ tag ^rii^ftiid erft ftdrfen gur Bortfe^ung teg ^am^^ 
|jfeg. ®ott fei T;anf, ter 3:ifc^ ift getecft, man tarf nur gugreifen. 

@ m. — SieBe Gutter, woUen toix nidjt au^ — ? 

^at^.— 3a, i<i, laj[en n?ir ung tur^ tie ^^or^^eiten nic^t urn unfer 
griilftiid Bringen I 

21 1 f.— SieBeg SBeiBc^en, tt>ir irollen tem ^riege ein Snte mac^en, 
id) Biete tir tie ^ant gum ^rieten. 3^ Befenne, tag i^ tie ipaupttjeri^ 
aniaffung gu unferem ©treite mar. j^wc ©ii^ne meiner @(^ult f(^enfc 
id) tir einen tiefer Beiten ©^amlg. 

S m. — 2(Ifret, id) meig ni(^t— 

2llf.— JCa^l'e! 

S m.— 3n tiefem 2lugenBIide — 

21 1 l—m^U, wd^Ie, ^int I 'Der rec^tg ? (So, er fleitet tic^ gut. 
3^ Bin tir nun trei 35iertel teg SBegeg entgegengefommen ? 

(E m.— ©ott fei Danf, ter ^if^ ij^ getedt ! 

21 u g t. — 33raio, Winter, tag ^Bt i^r gut gemac^t ! 

21 1 f. — Xer ^riete ift gefdjlojfen I 

S m. — 2luf immer ! 

21 1 f. — 9lie fommt fo etwag jvietcr »or! 

58 (Sigcnflnm 

S m. — ^fZiemal^ I 

21 w ^ b» — 9le(^t fo, ftopt an barauf I 

^ati— mtcr! 

Slu^t.— ipm? 

^at^. — (Sie^ cinmaL 

21 u g b.->2Ga5 ? 

^ a t ^,— IDa ift no(^ ein S^atul 

^ a t ^,— SStaft bu mi(^ nic^t au(^ m\^ntn t 

21 u ^ D.— ?[;^it tern @^aml ? !£)ag ift mir gu t^euer ! 

^at:^.— 2I6er Betcnfe— 

21 u 5 1. — 3d) ^offe, t)u i^u\i e^ MHiger, 2(tte. (5o ein junker (E^e^ 
mann fann tie UnaufrietenBeit feiner y^rau ni(^t ertrager, unt Bringt 
ein Dpfer, urn ftc ju »erfb^nen — ifl er erjl fo alt wie ic^, t^ut er e^ auc^ 
nic^t me^r. 

^ a t ^.— ^fui, trie aBf^euli(^I 

iS m» — 2(Ifrct>, i(^ will nicbt "^offen — (l^cinr. unb SiaB. treten ctn.) 

'21 \ f. — '^m, ^einrid), bift tu mit Si^bet^ in Drbnung ? 

^ e i n r. — 21^, fte will immer no(^ nid^t, 

21 ( f, — Si, Si^ktB, tvie eigenftnnig I 

£ i B.— 2lber ^err— 

S m.—'S^VL mugt nac^geBen, Si^Bet^, Du mu§t tie Sorte fagen. 

Si X ^ B» — ©ie mijfen — 

e m.— 2Bir miffen %M. 

21 u « K— 3a, l^i^Bet^, tu ^afl Me ganjc 3Semirrung angefangen* 

^at:^, — 3ci, ja, bu ^aj^ un^ batur(^ ten gan^en ?i)lorgen geftbrt» 
3ur (Strafe mug fte e« je^t bffenttic^ fagen* 2lIfo ^erau^ tamit* ®ott 
fei !l)an!, ter Z\\^ ift getedt. 

2iae (Iad)en.) 

^ati— 92un? 

21 u g t),— 3e^t ^ft tu e^ tO($ gefagt, 2llte I 

^ atl^.— (So ifi e^ OiVX Snte, 

21 1 f. — 5^un, 2ieBet^, Bift tu aUein no(^ iiBrig* 

Si^B.— 3d) JannnidJt, 

@ m. — 3d^ forge tafiir, ta§ in trei SCoc^en eure ^^^(^jeit ijl» 

S i g B.— .^o(^3eit? 2(4 (^ott fei Danf 1 

2(lle (lad^en.)--«nun? 


Stgenflttn. 59 

»il 1 1 e.— SCeiter, wetter ! 

Si«b,— 2Bic? 

^ c i n r,— (Sage ben 9le(l nod^ I 


21 1 1 e«— 53ornjartg, vomto ! 

Si^K— Der3:if(^iflgebe(ft! 

2ine»-.-S3raJjo, haoo 



Peculiar Phrases and Proverbs. 

Sfllcr STnfang ijl fc^mer. 
mt^ ju feiner Scit. 
5lttiu»lel i)l ungcfunb! 

Slrmut^ iH hint ©d^anbe. 

5lu^ bem Olcgen in bie Xraufc fommen. 
SBeffer etwad, al^ nic^t^. 
!Dag mM ifl t^m ab^olb. 
©a^ ^afenpanier ergrctfen. 

!Da^ 2Berf hU ben 3«eiflcr. 
Da3 itbertritft Mt^, 
2)aa verfle^t ftc^ wn fclbjl. 
S)a^ SBort lag mtr auf ber Bimge. 
2)em Qiele^rten i\i gut prebigen. 
2)er ^un^er ill ber be)le ^oc^. 
2)er Tltni^ benft, ®ott knft. 
2)ur(^ ©i^aben wirb mM fluft, 
2>ie Beit bringt Oiofen, 

©lefe^ 3)apieT fdjictgt niv^t burc^. 

(£()rli(| wd^rt am Idngtlen. 

(£i(e mit 2Beile. 

©in gebrannteg ^inb f(|cut bag dtmr. 

Sin Unglucf fommt nic attein. 

©ine ®(^»albc mac^t fcinen ©ommcr. 

(£t ^at ®rittcn unb mad^t ^alenbcr. 

(£r ]^at mir ©tnw^ weip gentad^t. 
(Er :^at mir ben ©robforb ^8^r ge^angt. 
©r ^at mir cine 9?afe gebrc^t. 
Sr ^at i^m ben §>elj gewafd^en. 

(£r ^at fld^ um^ ScBcn ge^rod^t 
(Sr ifl ber 2DeU gram, 
(£r ijl in jic loernatrt. 

Sr bejlanb mit ©d^anbe. 
©r griff e« am unrcc^ten (£nbe (or fjleden) 

All beginnings are difficult. 

Everything in its season. 

Too much of one thing is good for 

Poverty is no disgrace. 
Delaying is not giving up. 
From the frying-pan into the fire. 
Better aught, than nought. 
He is no favorite of fortune. 
To betake one's self to one's heels, 
or, To take to one's heels. 
This leaves us nothing to desire. 
Tlie work recommends the master. 
That beats all. 
That is a matter of course. 
I had the word at my tongue's end. 
A word to the wise. 
A good stomach is the best sauce. 
Man proposes, and God disposes. 
Experience makes a man wise. 
Time and straw make medlera 

This paper does not blot. 
Honesty is the best policy. 
Slow but sure. 

A burnt child dreads the fire. 
Misfortunes never come singly. 
One swallow brings no summer. 
He is full of whims, and idle pra 

He has told me a fib. 
He has put me on short allowance. 
He has duped me. 
He has given him a sound rating 
(or drubbing). 

He has made away with himself. 
He is out of humor with the world. 
He is fairly in love with her, or 
He dotes on her. 
He came off with disgrace. 
He commenced it at the wrong 




Gr fc^ccrt Sltte6 uber einen ^amm. 

Sr fct)ueibet auf, 

(£r |d)lug mir^^ runb ab. 

ei- fa)(us undbie 3:^urc »or ber !Rafc i\u. 

©r fie^t i^m auf bie finger. 

Gr |lecf t in 'Sd)ulbcn bii ubcr bic D^ren* 

(£r wivb ct3 Dlinc Swetfel t^un. 

Sr tft Gar uiil)t uad) mcinem ©inn. 

(^^ ill inir iibel. 

(£<J i|l md)t ber SKit^c tt)crt^. 

(£i3 ill etwa^ in bic Qucrc gefoinmen. 

(£d i|l beiJer ^akn aU ^atien, or 

(£in Sperling in ber ^anb i)l kjTer aid 

jwci auf bem 2)a(^e. 
ed ijl nic^t Slllee ®olb, mi gldnst. 
(£<8 mad)t mir bie Ba^nc jlumpf. 
(£3 flac! etioad bal) inter, 
©ig'ncr ^erb ijl ®olbc« mxt^, 

Gnbe gut, 5li(ca gut. 

Gr jiebt ben ^urjern. 

55erfengelb gcben. 

Svifil) gcwagt/ ijl ^alb getfiatt. 

%t\)^ bcgonneu; ^alb geiDonncn. 

®leic^ unb gleid) gefcllt ftc^ gem. 

3cl| bin ba^lntcr gefommen. 

3c!^ bin noc^ unmiinbig. 

3rf) ^abe i^n in fciner ?Wiinje ibeja^lt, (?/ 

SBuril wieber 2Burjl. 
3(^ riec^e ben 33raten. 
^ct) ^abe i^m ^uf ben 3a^n gefitl^U. 
^i-^ wiU bir Seine mad)en. 
3i^ n)cty, wag bie ®lo(fe gefc^lagen ^at. 

5^m t)ur(^f(|nitt. 

fm'^ OJrag bctpen. 

3cber ill m felbil ber 9?<i'#e. 

Scbcr wei0 am beflen, n?o ber @d)u^ i^n 

^leine Xovfe laufen balb iibcr. 
Conblic^, rutli(^. 

SWan mug bad Gifen fc^miebcn, »eU c« 
warm i|l. 

He treats every thing alike. 
He draws a long bow. 
He gave me a round denial. 
He slapped the door in our face. 
He watches his motions. 
He is over head and ears in debt. 
No question, but he will do it. 
It is not at all to my mind. 
I am sick at the stomach. 
It is not worth while. 
Something has crossed his path. 
A bird in the hand is worth two in 
the bush. 

All is not gold that glitters. 
It sets my teeth on edge. 
There was a snake in the grass. 
Home is home, be it ever bo 

All's well that ends well. 
He has the worst of it. 
To take to one's heels. 
Resolution is half the battle. 
Well began, is half done. 
Birds of a feather flock together. 
I got into the secret. 
I am still under age. 
I have paid him in his own coin. 

I smell a rat. 

I have pumped him. 

I'll mend your speed. 

I am completely up to the busi- 

On an average. 

To bite the dust, 

Cliarity begins at home. 

None know so well, where the 
shoe pinches, as they who wear it. 

A little pot is soon hot. 

If you are at Rome, you must do as 
the Romans do. 

Strike the iron whilst it is hot. 



SWauIaffm fangen. 
SWeine (£^re ile^t auf bem <S^)teI. 
SWir jlanben tie ^aarc ju SScrgc. 
^Rorgenjlunb ^at ©olb im SKunb. 

SWiiptggang ifl aller Sajler Slnfang* 

9?a(^ Oiegen folgt ©otmenf(^ein» 

Sfieue 33efen fe^ren gut. 

9?ot^ fennt fein ®ebot» 

3>atft eu(^ fort. 

SRom tt>arb nic^t in cincm Sage gcJaut* 

©Ic^ erfaltcn. 

<£id^ in ©ittcm Jjerlie^cn. 

©ie ifi tm SB^ii^fpiel f(^lc(3|t ]6cfd^Iagen» 

©te tft im gotten ©taat. 

©ie fann e^ nid^t ixbtx^^ ^crj hingm. 

©te fci^meic^elt. 

©ic fled en bie ^opfe jufammcn. 

©c^Iagen ©ie ftc^^g aui bem ©inn. 

Ucbung ma^t ben 3Heifler» 

llnb er auc^ nic^t. 

Unrec^t ®ut gcbei^t ni^t. 

Unfraut »erbirbt nid^t. 

Uu gingcn bie Seben^mittcl au«. 

Unter ttter STugen. 

Unfd^ulb unb etn gut ®c»i|fen ftnb ein 

fanfte« IRu^efiiTen. 
S3iel Carmen urn ni(|tg. 
SJiele ^anbe maiden 6alb cin Snb» 
aCer liigt, ber flie^lt. 

Ser jucrfl fommt, ma^lt jucrfl. 
2Ber 9?i(^ta ttagt^ getoinnt Si^ici^te. 
2Cie gewonncn, fo jcrronnen* 

2Bic man'« treibt, fo gc^f^. 
3Bie bie 5lrt>eit, fo ber Co^n. 
aSte ber ^txx, fo ber IDiener^ 
SBovon ba^ ^erj »oIl ijl ge^t ber 2)htnb 

To stand gaping. 

My honor is at stake. 

My hair stood on end. 

Early to bed, and early to rise, 

makes a man healthy, wealthy 

and wise. 
Idleness is the root of all eviL 
After the storm comes a calm. 
New brooms sweep clean. 
Necessity has no law. 
Get you gone. 

Rome was not built in a day. 
To catch cold. 

To fall in love with some one. 
She is a poor hand at whist 
She is in full dress. 
She can't find it in her heart to 

do it. 
She deals in fair words. 
They lay their heads together. 
Don't think of such a thing. 
Practice makes perfect. 
Nor he either. 

Ill gotten wealth never prospers. 
HI weeds grow apace. 
We fell short of provisions. 
Face to face. 
A good conscience is a soft pillow. 

Much ado about nothing. 
Many hands make quick work. 
Show me a liar and I'll show thee 

a thief. 
First come, first served. 
Nothing venture, nothing win. 
What is easily gotten is quickly 

gone, or, Lightly come, lightly 

Do well and have well. 
As the labor, so the reward. 
Like master, like man. 
What the heart thinks, the mouth 


NoTB —The References to the Complete Grammar are to the page ; in referring 
to the Elementary Orammar^ the ''Synopsis of German Grammar," constituting 
Part III, has been generally preferred. In exceptional cases, when direct reference 
to the page is made, p. stands before the figure. 


Page 9. — /, drtrtttcrung, f. s., because ending In ung, Gr. 79 ; El. 

189 (2) 2, SBiUfl, pres. ind., 2d pers. sing, of wotten, Gr. 112 ; El. 

p. 224 3. U, Gr. 91 (f) & 180 (*); El. 53 ^. SBcitcr, adv. 

Compar. of »eit, Gr. 321, 141 ; El. 164; 26 6. <^\t%, imperat. 2d pers. 

Bing. of fe^en, Gr. 238, 34; El. p. 119 6. liag ®utc, adj. used as 

noun, Gr. 126, IV & 135 ; El. 22 7- ItCgt, pres. ind. 3d pers. sing. 

of liegen, Gr. 272; El. p. 130 S, ficme, imperat. 2d. pera. sing, of 

Icrncn, Gr. 161, II (2); El. 121 9. (^{M ; Germans generally use the 

def. art. before abstract nouns, Gr. 360, §. 3 (b) ; the ace. is used for the 
direct object, and corresponds as a case to the English directive after an 
active verb or after other prepositions than of or to ; Gr. 383, §. 19 ; El. 

p. 165 /O, ctfltcifcit, insep. v. comp. of gretfen, Gr. 249, 75 ; El. p. 

129 ; and the prefix er, Gr. 285 ; El. 144 et seq. The verb lernen requires 

the infinitive following without ju, Gr. 426, §. 80 (b) ; El. 119 (2) 

//. ift, pres. ind. 3d pers. sing, of felrt, Gr. 97 ; EL p. 200 ; Do, render 
here present or within Teach. 

/5. flcl imperf. ind. 3d pers. sing, of fatten, Gr. 230, 15 ; El. p. 117. 

/S, in, prep. gov. dat. & ace. ; here governs the noun following in 

ace., because the verb in the clause indicates motion from one place 

(land) to another (river). Gr. 3t9, IV ; El. p. 139 /^. ciltcn, indef. 

art. m. ace. sing, to Slup, Gr. 37 ; El. p. 17 /S, ^M, m. s. ace. sing. 

Gr. 49 ; El. 9 (the ace. gov. by in, see 13) /6. titV, rel. pron. m. nom. 

sing., Gr. 200. II ; El. 80 (2) /7- ret^CltD, part of reipen used as adj., 

Gr. 161 (N. 3), & 126, I ; El. 120; 21 ; translate here smft /S. ttJor, 

Imperf. ind. 3d pers. sing, of fcin (sec 11), Or. 98, gov. at the end of the 


Page 9. Notes 19-48. 

clause by rel. bcr, Gr. 200, II ; El. 82 /P. i^ifl^cr, m. s. formed from 

root of ftfd^en, which is probably derived from tylfc^, m. s. The suffix er 
forming numerous masc. verb nouns, denoting an actor, is also used in 

English, e, g., to read — reader/ to ride— rider, &c JSO^ Jjcr, see 16. 

2/, Sc&Ctt, an inf. noun, Gr. 163 * ; EL p. 95, 1, N. Notice that the 

def. art. is here used instead of the English poss. pron. Gr. 893, §.36 ; 

El. 68 2JS. iljm, pers. pron. 3d pers. m. dat. sing., Gr. 179 ; EL 52. 

2S. ttioQte, imperf. ind. pers. sing, of wotlen (see 2), here gov. at the 

end of the clause by the relat. ber (see 16)..../^.^. f^roitg ^tnetlt im- 
perf. ind. 3d pers. sing, of Sep. comp. v. ir. l^ineinfpringcn, Gr. 278 ; 269, 

174 ; El. p. 138 ; p. 129 26. x\t\, 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of rufen, 

Gr. 231, 25 ; EL p. 117 26, dr, pers. pron. 8d pers. m. nom. sing. 

(see 22) 27» miit^tc, 8d pers. sing, imperf. subj. of mogen, Gr. 121 j 

423 ; El. p. 221. Open this clause by tTmtt and render tnod)te by should; 

see Gr. 404 28, X)ic §ttntl instead of feme ^anb, see 21 29, i|m^ 

see 22 SO. f^radl, 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of fprec^en, Gr. 240 (49) ; 

El. p. 120 S/. inticm, subord. conj. Gr. 332 ; EL p. 150 S2. cr, 

see 26 SS. uittcrfanf, 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of sep. comp. v. ir. 

unterjlnfen, Gr. 269 (173) ; 291 ; EL p. 129 ; p. 137. Although this is a 
Sep. verb, tnbem (see 31) forbids the prefix to go last ; Gr. 278, IV; El. 141. 

S^, \^, pers. pron. 1st pers. nom. sing., Gr. 178 ; EL p. 107 

S6. fann, 1st pers. sing. pres. ind. of fonnen, Gr. 109; EL p. 220 

S6. cttranf, 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of insep. comp. v. n. ir. ertrlnfetu 
Gr. 269 (176) ; 285 ; El. p. 129 ; p. 144. 

2)ic ©lumen ouf bcm ©rolJc bet Sungfrttu, 

S7» Sltttneit, f. s. nom. pL of ^lume, Gr, 58, 79, VI ; EL 12 S8, 

auf, prep. gov. both dat. and ace. ; here the noun following stands 
in the dative, because rest is indicated, Gr. 349, IV ; El. p. 139. 
. . . .S9. bcntf m. def. art. agreeing with ©rate in gender, number and 

case, Gr, 35 ; EL p. 165 4(9. ©rttbc, n, s. dat. sing. Gr. 49 ; EL 9. 

4/. tstx, f. def. art. gen. sing., Gr. 35; EL 165; agreeing with 

Sungfrau, Gr. 368, §. 10 ; El. p. 165 4-2. 8trcuct imperat. 2d pers. 

plur. of l^reuen, Gr. 163; EL p. 206; notice that the subject of the im- 
perative is not expressed ; in English the pronoun ye must be supplied 

here (Gr. 423) 4S. nur ; render the words flreuet nurt you may 

continue to scatter, etc 44. ^lumcn^ ace. plur. obj. of flreuet, see , 

9 and 37 4S. Quf, prep, (see 38), here governs the ace, because 

motion is indicated; see 13 46. fic» pers. pron. 3d pers. f. ace. 

sing., Gr. 179 ; EL 52 ; gov. by auf, see 45 47' W^X, pers. pron. 2d 

pers. nom. plur. ; Gr. 179 ; EL 52 ; agreeing with ^reunbinnen 48, 

Wii^CttilCtt, part, of tlii^en, used here as adj. (see 17), attributive to 



Page 9. Notes 49-62. Page 10. Notes 1-13. 

Sfreunbinncn, Gr. 129 ; 431 ; El. 23 Jf.0. gfrcunllinncn, f. s. nom. plur. 

of greunbin (see 37 ; Gr. 58 ; El. 12) ; is formed from ^rcunb, Gr. 84, XIV; 

, El. 197 60. \\)X, see 47 o/. tiradjt:t, 2d pers. plur. imperf. ind. 

of bringcn, Gr. 243, 67; El. p. 120 62. jo, adv. intensifying and 

generalizing the speaker's or writer's opinion (that what he says or 
writes is undoubted and generally known) ; may here be rendered by 

since, viz : " since you formerly (fonjl, adv.) brought," etc 63, \^x, 

pers. pron. 3d pers. f. dat. sing. gov. by bracelet. Gr. 179 ; 381 (2) ; 

El. 52 6J^. bci, prep. gov. dat , Gr. 347 ; El. p. 63 66. SSic* 

gcnfeflcn (dat. plur. due to bci); n. s. (comp. of aBicge, f. s. and ^ejl, n. s.); 

Gr. 49, 2; 82; El. p. 109 66. \mx\, 3d pers. sing. pres. ind. of 

feiern (from ^eier, Lat./m<B), Gr. 163 ; El. p. 206 67- ftC. pers. pron. 

3d pers. fem. nom. sing, (see 46), stands after instead of before the verb, 

because jc^o (adv.) opens the clause. Gr. 323; El. 170 68. \%Xi 

conjuxictive possess, pron. 3d pers. f. ace. sing, n., agreeing with 

gropte^, viz: SBicgcnfeil. Gr. 187, 11; 188. El. 60 (1); p. 186 69. 

grbfetc^, adj. supcrl. (of (iroj?) ace. sing. n. (used attrib. to SSiegenfcf^ 

understood^ Gr. 142, X ; 140, VI ; El. 28 ; 23 60. i|l, see 11 

6/. bc^, m, def. art. (agreeing with ^immel^) gen. sing, (see 39) ; Gr. 35 ; 

El. p. 165 62. §immcl0, m. s. gen. sing, of ^tmmel, Gr. 40, II; 

77(2); El. 5. 

^ic ^xi% btt§ ^fcrb, bci5 St^ttf imb bcr §unb. 

Page 10.—/. fJaniJcn, 3d pers. plur. imperf. ind. of flc^cn, Gr. 230, 

12 ; El. p. 116 2. m\, see pp. 9, 38 3, SSctilCr f. s. dat. sing., 

see pp. 9, 37 A, firittcil, 3d pers. plur. imperf. ind. of flreiten, Gr. 

249, (90) ; El. p. 123 6. untcr, prep. gov. both dat. and ace, see p. 9, 

13 and 38 6. einant)cr, adv. used here in place of the refl. pron. 

ftd); see Gr. 182 ;* El. p. 185.* 7- lucl(ftc§, interrog. pron. nom. sing. 

n. (agreeing with X^ter understood), Gr. 208; El. p. 103 8. i)cm, 

see pp. 9, 39 0. mtXiWxi, m. s. dat. sing, of ?Wcnf^, Gr. 46, 111 ; 

El. p. 168, gov. hero by nii^Uc^ (see 10), an adjective requiring its object 

to be in the dative (Gr. 382, 7) W. nu^Iid)cr» compar. of nu^Ud), 

Gr. 139 ; El. 26 ; see also p. 9, 4 //. fcf, 3d pers. sing. pres. 

subj. of fcin, Gr. 97 ; El. p. 200. The verb* is in the subjunctive, 
because uncertainty lies in the statement of the speaker. This use 
of the subjunctive is very general in the German, but in the English 
almost antiquated. " In indirect statements (expressing a thought 
indirectly, ns reported, recognized or contemplated by some one) tliere 
is in English," says Prof. Wliitney, " Imrdly anything analogous, 
though the classical tongues present similar constructions in abun- 
daaco." 72. fprad), see pp. 9, 30 73. SSOii, prep. gov. dat., see 


Page 10. Notes 14-39. 

p. 9, 54 /4. miv, pers. pron. dat. sing, of x6), see p. 9, 34, gov. by 

»on (see 13) /S. ^ai, 3d pers. sing. pres. ind. of l^aben, Gr. 91 ; El. 

p. 198. . . ./e. er, see p. 9, 36 /7- fii^C, adj. attrib. to 5Wilc^, Gr. 127 ; 

El. 22 /S. iJcn, def. art. m. ace. sing., see p. 9, 41 /9. tUO^!* 

fl^tneifenDen, part. adj. attrib. to ^d\t, see 17 ; the word is comp. of adv. 

wo^l and the part, of fc^metfen; see also p. 9, 48 ^O. ^iifc, m. s., as 

the object of the verb (like 9J?il(^) in the ace. case ; see p. 9, 9. Although 
ending in e (see Gr. 45 ; El. 8), this word adds B in the genitive. In all 

other cases, however, it remains unchanged ^/. bletfc^etttlC, part. 

adj. attrib. to ©utter (see 17 and 19). The word is comp. of Del, n. s. 
and the verb fe^eUf which by its prefix er becomes an insep. comp. v. ; 

see p. 9, 10. Translate the word : taking the place of oil. ^^. t(ft; 

see p. 9, 34 J9S. Un, 1st pers. sing. pres. ind. of [ein, see p. 9, ll. 

^4-. SBttgcn, m. s. gen. plur. (Gr. 42, IV ; El. p. 7), gov. by ©eget 

(see 25), Gr. 368, §.10; El. p. 165 ^S. SegcL n. s. nom. sing. 

supply def. art. (ba^) ; this (the wagon's sail) construction is also 
known in English, but as it was received from the Anglo-Saxon, it 
is usually called the Anglo-Saxon possessive. The general tendency of 
English writers towards the rejection of formal distinctions of case and 
the introduction of prepositions instead, is, however, gradually doing 
away with the Anglo-Saxon possessive. (See Marsh, Lecfs Bug. Lang. 
p. 393 ; Fowler, Bngl. Lang, in its elements and forms, p. 197 et seq.) 
Notice, that the genitive precedes the noun, which it limits. Such a 
construction belongs rather to a higher or poetic style and is to be 

avoided in plain colloquial prose ^6". ^e0, see p. 9, 61 ^7- 

ffttitttB, m. 8. gen. sing, of JRettcr, from reitcn, see p. 9, 19. This word 
belongs to the first declension because masc. and ending in er. Gr. 40, 

II ; El. 5 ^S. ^iiiidi, m. s. nom. sing., supply def art. (ber), see 25. 

^9. gcl^C, Ist pers. sing. pres. ind. of ge^en, Gr. 231, 26 ; El. p. 117. 

SO. nttrft and bIo§, adj. to ic^. S/. ^tttttit, subord. conj. gov. 

the verb here at the end of the clause. Gr. 332, VI ; El. p. 150. Notice 
also, that the verb fei is in the subjunctive. See Gr. 419, 69. El. 122 

N S^. 6cflciiict, past part, of befleibett, insep. comp., Gr. 285, II (1) ; 

El. 145. Notice, that the particle ge used for the formation of the past 

part, is omitted here ; see Gr. 285, III ; El. 146 SS. fet, see 11 

S4: 2)0. In Goethe's Erinnerung (page 9) this word is best rendered 
by near ; but in this instance it should be rendered "just tlien." Being 
an adverb, conj. it requires the verb (fann) to precede the subject (^unb). 

Gr. 329, IV; 330, V; El. 173 35. font, 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. 

of !ommen, Gr. 240, 59 ; El. p. 120 36. ju, prep. gov. dat., see p. 9, 

54 37. t^ncn, pers. pron. 3d pers. dat. pi., Gr. 179 ; El. p. 183 

38. 2)Ctt, demonstr. pron. ace. sing, m., Gr. 195; El. p. 189 39. 

Blicften — an^ 3d pers. pi. imperf. ind. of sep. v. a. ttnMicfen (see p. 9, 24> 


Page 10. Notes 40-64. 

Notice, that the prefix an stands last in the clause. Gr. 278, III ; El. 

140 4^0. don, see 13 4/ @citc, f. s. dat. sing., see p. 9, 37. 

Translate »pn ber ©cite anblicfen, to sneer at 4-2. gegen, prep. gov. 

ace, Gr. 349 ; El. p. 112 Ji-S, i^rc, possess, pron. 3d pers. pi. ace. 

sing. fem. agreeing with the noun following, Gr. 187, II ; 188 ; El. p. 

60 ^4.. gcdttltcn, past part, of ^alten, irr. v. ; Gr. 230, 17 ; El. p. 117. 

Notice, that in irreg. verbs the ending of past part, is en instead of t. 
Translate aid Bfflf" tft^C SBij^tigfeit 0c!|aitcn, as compared with their 

vnpm'tance 4o. unnit^^ed, adj. attrib. to X^ier, n. s. ace. sing. Its 

inflection is gov. by the indef. article preceding ; see Gr. 129, VI ; El. 

p. 23 46. foigtC, 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of folgcn, Gr. 164; 

El. p. 206 47. alSbaliJ l^inten nat^ render here " close hehind." 

48. m\, see p. 9, 25 49. Ijcm, see p. 9, 39 60. .^untic, m. s. 

dat. sing., Gr. 50 ; El. p. 169. In German the noun representing an 
object, towards which an action is directed or aone, is put in the dative 
(Gr. 379, 18, 1) ; the noun would have been in the dative here notwith- 
standing, because the verb is intended to be supplemented by ju (at 
the end of the clause); jurufcn, to call to (Gr. 381). Without „i)X," 
however, the word rufen is generally considered active (transitive) and 

then properly governs the ace 6/. {vXt contraction of in, prep. 

gov. dat. and ace. (see p. 9, 38), and iJcm, def. art. m. dat. sing, (see p. 9, 

39) ; Gr. 88 ; El. p. 140 SJS. frCUnDlit^ficn, adj. attrib. superl. deg., 

agreeing with the noun following, Gr. 139, III; 140, V and VI ; El. p. 

54 63. 2^onc, m. s. dat. sing., see 51 64. fircil^cltf, see 46. 

66. ItebfortCr see 46 66. il^n, pers. pron. 3d pers, ace. sing. 

m. (of er), Gr. 179 ; 383, §. 19 ; El. 183 ; 165 ; see p. 9, 34 67- DtCd, 

contraction of biefc^, dem. pron. n. ace. sing. ; Gr. 194 ; * El. p. 188.* 

68. i^rc, see p. 9, 58 69. ©cftt^rtcn, m. s. nom. pi., Gr. 45 ; 

El. 8 60. fa^cn, 3d pers. pi. imperf. ind. of fet)en, Gr. 238, 34 ; El. 

p. 119. Notice, that ba, in this instance synonymous with al^ (Gr. 336), 
as a subord. conj. governs the verb at the end of the clause, and in the 
following makes the verb precede the subject ; Gr. 332, VII ; El. 174. 

6/. murrten, 3d pers. pi. imperf ind., see 46 62. na^m, 3d 

pers. sing, imperf. ind. of irr. v. a. ne^men, Gr. 240, 47 ; El. p. 119-120. 

63. fiift, refl. i)ers. pron., Gr. 182; El. 59. Sid^ nc^mcn, is not 

to be considered a refl. verb, as the word jid^ is not in the ace. and not 
the direct object of the action ; ftd), standing in the dative and con- 
veying the idea of " for himself, to himself," simply serves to indicate 
the direction and purpose of the action as expressed by ncl)mcn. There 
are, in German, many such phrases, which exactly resemble refl. verbs 
(the ace. and the dative of the refl. pronoun (fic^) being alike), but must 

not be confounded with them. E. g.'ftc^ jutrauen, fid) kwa^ren, etc 

64. jur, contraction of lu, prep. gov. dat. (see p. 9, 54) and ber, def. 


Page 10. Notes 65-91. 

art. f. dat. sing, agreeing with ^rage, see 51 65. ^tage, f. s. dat. 

sing, (see p. 9, 37). Render ft(^ ein ^ix\ \\xt %x<x^t ne^men, to take the 

liberty to question, or to muster up courage to ask 66. t^uft, 2d pers. 

sing. pres. ind. of t^un, Gr. 238, 37 ; EL p. 119 67. 2)tt, see p. 9, 3. 

68. ©ebietcr; m. s. formed from gebieten, see p. 9, 19 69. 

tierDtenen toir; render do we deserve, or are we deserving of. Notice, 
tiiat in the German the verb is put in interrogative form by inter- 
changing the verb and pron. (Gr. 88, V; El. p. 57); and that the 
position of the negation is not as in English. Gr. 446, 97; El. p. 

254, 3 70. Micdr. adv. compar. of »iel, Gr. 323; El. 166 7/. 

Jjeittff pers. pron. 2d pers. sing. fem. agreeing with the noun following ; 
see 43 72. 5lufmcrf f amf ett. From ttterfen, v. a. to notice (probably- 
derived from ?S)lar!e, f. s. tJie mark), is obtained the comp. v. aufmerfenr 
to notice ; hence the adj. aufmcrffam, i. e. one who takes notice ; hence 
the noun Slufmerffamfeit, attention. There are, in German, many such 
nouns with distinct adj. and noun terminations combined, e. g. ^olg* 
famfeit, Unermeglic^feit, i^reubigfeit, etc 7S. tuic is here used as syn- 
onym of al^ and must be rendered than, because preceded by an 

adverb in the compar. (me^r); see Gr. 333, II (2); El. 177 (2) 74.. 

^iefcg, dem. pron. nom. sing, n., Gr. 193; El. p. 69 75. Ulinu^e, 

adj. attrib., see 17 ; the word is comp. of neg. prefix un (see Gr. 322, 
XI; El. 169) and nii^, which from the verb nii^en (allied to gcitic^CIl, 

from Gothic WMT^Ti [ne^men], i. e. to take.) 76. ftreil^elte^ see 46. 

77' fcincn^ possess, pron. 3d pers. ace. sing. m. agreeing with 

noun following. Gr. 186; El. p. 185, sq 78. jdrtlttyer, compar. of 

jarttic^, here adv. to flreic^eltc ; see 10. ...79. f|irttl^, see 12 80. 

ticfcr, dem. pron. nom. sing, m., see 74 ; to be rendered here by the 

latter (the last speaker); Gr. 196, IX 6*/. dttt, see 15; it is here 

used as auxiliary to gerettet to form the perf. tense. Gr. 162, IV; 165; 

El. 97 82. einjigCg, adj. attrib, ace. sing, n., see p. 17 83. 

0Clic6tc§, see 82 and p. 9, 48 84. So^tttcin, n. s. dim. of ©olfin, see 

Gr. 40, II ; 77, t ; 80, VIII ; El. p. 112 85. oug, prep. gov. dat., see 

p. 9, 54 86. raufj^cntlCtt, part. adj. of raufd^en, see p. 9, 17, and 9, 48. 

87. SBafferflttt^Cltf f. s. dat. pi. comp. of SBaffer, n. s. and glut:^, f. s., see 

p. 9. 55. Gr. 59, III; El. 13 (I) 88. gmltct past part, of retten, 

Gr. 161, II ; 165, V ; El. 120 ; 96. Notice the position of the past part. 

in the senlence, Gr. 94, IV; El. 252 (3) 89. foUlc, 1st pers. sing. 

imp. subj. of foUcn, Gr. 114 ; El. p. 225 90. fctltcr, pers. pron. 3d pers. 

m. gen. sing., Gr. 179 ; El. 52 The genitive is required by (sergeffen) 

one of the verbs governing the genitive, see Gr. 374, §.13 97. fiinnrtt. 

Notice that two infinitives are used here and that the auxiliary of mode 
goes last in German, while in English it precedes the leading verb. 
(Gr. 474, 3, note.) 


Page 10. Notes 02-117. 

^ic Xi^x'dncn, 

92. ^I^rancn, f. s. nom. pi., see p. 9, 37 93. I^nficit, Ist pers. pi. 

pres. ind.; Gr. 91 ; El. p. 198 ; but here used as auxiliary to gewcint, to 

form the perfect teuse; see 88 9 A. ttUCf indef, num. used here 

as pron., Gr. 219; EI. p. Ill 96. fi)On/ is very frequently used 

in German when the English idiom would not make a translation 
admissible. In this instance the word might be rendered some time. 

96. (fCtOCtntf see 88 and 93 97- \t^tX, indef. num. nom. sing. 

m. ; Gr. 155 ; El. p. 46 98. ©liictliji^Cf adj. used as noun, see p. 9, G. 

..,,99. \tUX, see 97 WO. Unjjlurflit^ef see 98 and 75. 

2)cr Slffc uttb bcr i^w^S^^, 

70L 9lcntte» 2d pers. sing, imperat. of nennctt, Gr. 242, 63 ; El. p. 120. 

W2. xa\X, see 14 703. gefdjirftcgf see 45 (the word was obtained 

from the past part, of fcttidfen, v. a. to send, which originally meant to 
regulate, arrange, dispose ; in Swedish skicka, whence the noun skick 
[Low German fc^icf], i. e. to order). Notice the construction of this clause 

and compare Gr. 389, g. 29 WA. tcm> rel. pron. dat. sing, m., see 

p. 9, 16 ; the dative is required by the verb following nad) = at)men» see 

50 Wo. fbnntiV 1st pers. sing, imperf. subj. of fonnen, see p. 9, 85. 

For reason, why the subj. is used in this sentence, see Gr. 403, §. 53 ; 

stands at the end because a relat. opens the clause, see p. 9, 18 

W6. fo. adverb, conj., Gr. 330; 334; El. p. 149; 180 (2) W7. 

<ira()ltCf see 46 W8. j^egcn^ see 42 W9. abcr» conj. In Eng- 
lish this conj. would open the clause ; in German, however, its position 
is variable ; it is sometimes placed after the subject (as here) or even 

after the verb, without varying the sense of the sentence 7/0. e§, 

pers. pron. 3d pers. nom. sing, n., Gr. 179 ; El. 183 ///. bm pers. 

pron. 2d x)ers. dat. sing, (of 2)u), Gr. 178 ; El. 183. . ..//2. nocftjunl^mcitf 
inf. comp. sep. v. nad)^a&men. Notice the position of the particle ju in a 
comp. Sep. V. (Gr. 278, V; El. 142), required because nad)a()men is here a 
dependent verb., Gr. 427, 81 ; El. p. 95, I, N 

^cr CHmc unb bcr JJu^g. 

//3. 3um» contract, of ju (prep. gov. dat., see 36) and fcem (def. art. 

dat. sing, m.), see 49; Gr. 88; El. p. 140 //^. HotOtn, m. s. dat. 

sing., see 59 //J. fjjrod). see p. 9, 30 /W. mu§, Ist pers. sing. 

pres. ind. of miiHcn, Gr. 119 ; El. p. 222 //7. l)ir'g, contract, of bit 

(iKjrs. pron. 2d pei-s. dat. sing., see 111) and e^ (i^ers. pron. 3d pers. n 


Page 10. Note 11§. Page 11. Notes 1-33. 

ace. sing., see 110). Gr. 179, f ; El. p. 183, f. The dative is used in 
German for the indirect or personal object, corresponding usually to the 
English objective after the preposition to (or for). Compare Gr. 379 ; 
El. p. 165, 3 ; see p. 9, 9 //8. ^atf see 15. 

Page 11. — /. f^rit^tf 3d pers. sing. pres. ind. of fprec^en, see p. 9, 30. 

^. Hon. see p. 10, 13 S. tX, see p. 9, 26 4.. fagt, see p. 9, 56. 

6. an* prep. gov. both dat. and ace. ; see p. 9, 38 6. ju, prep. 

gov. dat. (see p. 10, 36), here used because loben is a dependent verb ; 

see p. 10, 112 7- fttnftC/ 1st pers. sing, imperf. subj. of ftnben; Gr. 269, 

165 ; El. p. 129. The subjunctive is used in German in oblique nar- 
ration after fagen> either with or without the eonj. bap; see Gr. 421, 72 , 

El. 122, N 8. Sa^f dem. pron. ace. sing, n., see Gr. 195 ; El. 76.. . . 

9. tuiff for Wiffe (the use of an apostrophe for elided e is very frequent 
in German, especially in verse), 3d pers. sing. pres. subj. of wiffen, Gr. 243 

(68); El. p. 120. For use of subj. compare 7 /O. \t\, see p. 10, 11 ; 

also Gr. 419, §. 70; El. 122, N //. 2)u, see p. 9, 3 f2. gttbft, 2d 

pers. sing, imperf. subj. of geben, Gr. 237, 29 ; El. 119 (for use of subj. com- 
pare 10) /S. i^ntf see p. 9, 22. Why dat. is used, see p. 10, 117 

/^. fctnef indef. num. ace. pi. f., Gr. 155; El. 46 /5. ^robctt, f. s. 

ace. pi., see p. 9, 37. Being the direct object, it stands in the ace, see p. 

10,117 /6. tourgteflf 2d pers. sing, imperf. subj., see 10 /7. 

Unf(^ulll, f. s. because ending in ulb, Gr. 79, VI, 2 ; El. 189 (2) ; why the 
art. precedes, see p. 9, 9 ; why in the ace., see 15. . . ./8. fut^tejlf see 16. 

/9. fiiuntCf 3d pers. sing, imperf. subj. of fonnem see 10, 105 20. 

^id), pers. pron. 2d pers. ace. sing., Gr. 178 ; El. 52 2/. 2SC!l(^en» 

n. s. dim. of 2Beile; all diminutives are neuter in German, see p. 10, 84. 

32. ft^toicg— fiiUf 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of comp. sep. irr. v. 

f^illfi^tDetgen (see p. 9, 24), Gr. 252 (102); El. p. 123 2S. bttltn. adverb. 

conj., causes the transposition of verb and pronoun fprac^ er; see p. 10, 

106 24-. f|ircrf)ff 3d pers. sing. pres. subj. of fpred)en, see p. 9, 30, best 

rendered here in English by the present potential 26. tuiU^ 3d 

pers. sing. pres. ind. of tuollen, see p. 9, 2 26. mxXt see p. 10, 13 and 

14 27. f^rit^tf see 1 28. 2)ogr see 8 29. ac^t' (see 9), 

poetical form for ad^te, Ist pers. sing. pres. ind. of ad^ten, see p. 9, 56. 
Render ba^ ad)t' i(^ nii^t, I pay no attention to, oi I don't care about that. 

2)ic SJlauS unb bcr CHitic. 

so. ^cr SbtBCf substitute the indef. article for the German definite. 
....^/. fc^Iiefr imp. ind. of fitlafen, Gr. 231, (21); El. p. 117; render 

here was sleeping S2. in» prep. gov. dat. and ace., here dative 

because rest is implied, see p. 9, 38; comp. p. 9, 18 S3. fctnet# 


Page 11. Notes 34-63. 

conj. possess, pron. dat. sing, fem., see p. 10, 77 ; agrees with the noun 

following. Gr. 38, IV; El. 60, N J^. untf prep, gov, ace, see 

p. 10, 42 36. iOHf see p. 10, 56 36. ^ct; translate urn i^n ^er, 

ahout him; Gr. 281, VIII ; El. 237 37- f|iieltc, see p. 10, 46. The 

verb here precedes the subject because an adverbial expression (urn i^n 

^er) opens the clause ; Gr. 323, XII ; El. 170 38. luftige, adj. attrib. 

preceded by indef. art., see p. 10, 45 39. SJlJiufcf^Ottrf f. s. nom. 

sing. comp. of 5D?au^, f. s. (Gr. 58, 1, a ; El. 12), and <Sd)aar, f. s. (see Gr. 

59, III ; EJ. 13 4a einCf indef, pron., Gr. 219, VII ; El. 32 /^/. 

ticrfelbettf dem. pron. gen. pi., refers to 2J?dufe. Gr. 194, VI ; El. 74. 

For the use of gen. see p. 9, 41 J^2. toarf see p. 9, 18 ; translate 

here had, because used as auxiliary to gefroc^en, to form the pluperfect 

of frteci^cn, v. n. irr. See 45 ; compare also p. 10, 93 ^3. ouff prep. 

gov. dat. and ace., see p. 9, 38. Why the ace. is required here, see p. 9, 

13 44. I^ertiorfic^enlien (part. adj. comp. of prefixes :^er and »or, and 

pres. part, of jle^en), see p. 9, 48; translate here projecting 4^5. 

ge!rod)en> past part, of fric^en, see 42. Gr. 260, 131 ; El. 126. A neuter 
verb expressing motion from one place to another requires in German 
the auxiliary fcin^ when the place or the manner of the motion is 

expressed. Gr. 295; El. 151 46". ficl Ijcrttbf 3d pers. sing, imperf. 

ind, of comp. sep. irr. v. n. ^erabfaEen ; see 23. Gr. 230, (15) ; El. p. 117. 

47. ertoecFtC/ imperf. ind. of comp. insep. v. a. er^^wecfen, see p. 9, 10. 

46*. Sbtoettf see p. 10, 59. In the ace. because the direct object in 

the clause ; see 15.. . . .4P. '^tx, see p. 9, 16 60. fic» see p. 9, 46. 

6/. mxit prep. gov. dat., see p. 9, 54 63. QCtoaltiocitf adj. attrib. 

preceded by possess, pron., see p. 9, 48 63. fe^l^ieltr imp. ind. of comp. 

Sep. V. irr. a. feil^-^alten, (see p. 10, 44). The prefix (fell) is not detached 
here from the verb, because a relat. pron. opens the clause ; see p. 9, 33. 

«54. ^t^, interj. «Za«.' In imploring phrases like this translate: 

please 66. bot imperf. ind. of bitten, Gr. 272 ; El. p. 129 66. \t\, 

2d pers. sing, imperat. of fein, see p. 10, 11 «57. iJOt^, adv.; here 

used elliptically to indicate entreaty and best rendered hy pray/.... 

68. Qegftlf see p. 10, 42 69. mi^, pers. pron. 1st pers. ace. sing., 

see p. 9, 34 60. armcS (un6cl)CUteni)C§)^ adj. attrib. used without an 

article. Gr. 132; El. 24 6/. Ij^abc* 1st pers. sing. pres. ind. here 

used as an auxiliary to woffen, to form the perfect tense of the latter 

verb ; see p. 10, 93 62. %\i^, see 20 63. tooUen* auxil. of mode, 

Bee p. 9, 2. Notice, that the infin. is used here instead of the past part, 
usually required ; see Gr. 110, IV ; El. 135, Notice also the construction 
of the entire clause: ic6 \j<x\)i Dic^ nic^t beleibigen iDotten, I did not mean to 
offend you. The infin. always stands at the end in German (Gr. 474, 3 ; 
El. p. 262 (3). But when, as in this instance, two infin. occur in one 
clause, one of which is an auxil. of mode (woUen), the latter closes the 


Page 11. Notes 64-95. 

clause. (Gr. 478, 110, N. ; El. 200, N.) Notice also, that the negative 

(nid)t) follows the direct object (®ic^) ; see p. 10, 69 64-. QCt^an^ past 

part, of t^un, see p. 10, 66 ; here in the perfect because used with ^abc. 

Q^, 5 in (see p. 10, 23), here used as auxil. to form the perfect of 

l^crab^faaen, comp. sep., see 45 and 40 66. tiOHr see p. 10, V6.... 67- 

g-flfCHf m. s. dat. sing, differently inflected here than above (2d 

line of this piece : auf einen l)er»or[ie^enben %t\^. The more usual form 
is ^elfcn). See Gr. 42, V ; El. 7, (II). ...68. ^erttbgpfttUcn/ past part, of 
l^erabfallen (see 46). Notice, that the prefix ge is placed between the prep, 
and the simple verb; see p. 10, 112. On the peculiar meaning of ^er, 
see 36 69. fanttf see p. 9, 35 70. tit; aside from being a per- 
sonal or indirect object, the dat. is here required by the verb nii^en, one 
of a class governing the obj. in the dative ; compare Gr. 380 ; see also 
p. 10, 111. Translate wa^ fann bir mein Xob nii^en, ofioliat admntage can 

my death he to you? 7/ <St^cnfCf 2d pers. sing, imperat. of f(|enfen, 

see p. 9, 8 7^. mh, see p. 10, 14 7«f. UB ficbcit, see p. 9, 21. 

7^ toiilt 1st pers. sing. pres. ind. of njotteitr see 63 7^- btr; 

the dat. is required here by bantbar, one of a class of adject, gov. the 

dat., see p. 10, 9 76. ^tiikhttlB, adv. contract, from (2)ie) Beit mcine^ 

2tUM, Tender : for life 77' ^t^\ abbrev. form for Qt^t, see p. 10, 

29, and p. 11, 9 78. I^ilt» adv. denoting motion away from the 

speaker (opposite ^er) and best rendered by hence; see Gr. 281, VIII ; 

319, V ; El. 168 ; ®e^^ iin, translate be gone or go your way 79. 

fagtC; see p. 10, 46. . . .SO. gro^mitttjtO/ adv. Notice, that in German 
there is no equivalent for the ending ly generally added in English to 
adjectives when used as adverbs. Gr. 317; El. 163. Compare the 

use of this word in line 4 (fei bo(^ gro^mut^t?^ gegen mic^) S/. lit^, 

8d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of la§en, Gr. 123 ; El. p. 226 S^. 2RttU0s 

l^cn> dim. of Mavi^, see 22 SS. ^pxitt^crit v. n. irr. is here used for 

its comp. entfpringen, to escape S4. f8ci (prep, see p. 9, 54) ft(f| (refl, 

pron.), translate ^&y himself, inwardly 86. Itt^tc (see p. 10, 46). 

Precedes the subject (cr) on account of adverb, phrase (bet ftd^) opening 

the clause; see 24 and p. 10, 106 86. tXt see p. 9, 26 87- 

fpro^f see p. 9, 30 88. ^ttnffittr fcin ! render: grateful! It is an 

interjection repeating the main idea of the preceding sentence 89. 

S)a§» see 8 90. vxq^U, see p. 9, 27; for its peculiar use here, see 

Gr. 122, X ; El, 132. The pron. follows the verb (auxil.) because a wish 

is implied in the sentence. Gr. 476, §. 109 (b) ; El. 199 9/. t)0(^ 

is here elliptically used to indicate dedre and is best rendered by 

surely, or indeed (compare 57) 92. fi(^— BcjCUACltf v. refl. to prove 

itself. Gr. 302 ; El. 154. ...93. fbnntc, see 19. Why the subjunctive 

is used here, see p. 10, 105 94^. !urjC» adj. attrib. ace. sing, fern., 

see 00. Translate i!urje Beit barauf, a short time after 96. \\t\t 


Page 11. Notes DC-121. 

imperf. ind. of laufem Gr. 231, 23; El. 117 06. nomlil^f, indef. 

num. adj., Gr. 22J ; El. Ill 97- HarJ^f prep. gov. ace, see 34 

98. fuM;'f see 37 99. fidj, dat. sing., see p. 10, 63 WO. 

Wxy^t, ace. pi. of 5iu^v f. s., see 39. Translate \vit]lt fiO) 9iu^c, \was\ 

gathering nuts /O/. ijortc precedes the noun, because an adverb. 

expression of time o[)en8 the clause. Gr. 177, 4; El. p. 255 (4) 

/6»^. c^, see p. 10, 110 /03. 2)crr demonst. pron,, see p. 10, 88; 

render here he /O^. '\\i, see p. 1), 11 /06. ging, imperf. ind. 

of gc^cn, see p. 10, 29. The prep. i;u standing at the end of the clause 
is here part of the verb, hence the verb is the comp. sep. irr. v. n. 
ju^ge^cn, to go towards, see p. 9, 24. Notice also, that the noun standing 
between the simple verb and the particle is governed in the dative by 
the particle (ju) ; see p. 10,S(j..../OO. tHO here stands for ijon tt)0; 

wlieuce /07- ©cbriiUCf usually ©chiiC /OS. j^eriibcrtbittc. 

Notice, that the prefix (itself a compound : |)cr and iibcr) is not 
separated hero from the simple verb, although in the imperf, see 53. 

/09. fanUf imperf. ind. of ftnbenr see 7 //O. ^Ut^i, n. s. dat. 

sing. (gov. by prep, son) of gje^. Gr. 49, 1 ; El. 9 ///. umfdslunocil, 

past part, of um^fc^lingcn, v. a. irr. sep. and inscp., sec Gr. 291 ; El. 150. 

//<?. ba^f relat. pron., see p. 9, IG. ...//3. OU^flCf|iannt» past 

part, of au^==fpanncn, compare 68 //4-. I^attc^ imperf. ind. of auxil. v. 

^aben (see 61), here used to form the pluperfect of au^fpannen. Gr. 92 ; 
162, IV; El. p. 198; 123; 151. The auxiliary is in this clause gov. at 

the end by the relat ba^. Gr. 200, II ; El. 82 //J. um before an 

infinitive is rendered in order to (Gr. 471, §. 107). The prep, ju is used 
iiere before the infin. because the verb expresses a design or purpose 

(Gr. 428, note 1) //6. SSalDt^icrCf n. s. ace. pi. (comp. of SBalb, m. s., 

Gr. 51, V ; El. 10 [III] ; and %i)kx, n. s., see 110), see p. 9, 55 //7. 

StritfCf m. s. nom. pi., Gr. 49, 1; El. 9 //8. jufommcttgcjoflcnf 

past part, of jufammcn==^ie^crt, v. a. and refl. irr. sep. comp., Gr. 261, (144); 
278 ; El. p. 126 ; p. 132. Notice, that the auxiliary is employed, and 

that the verb is therefore in one of the compound tenses //9. 

tflCilcr — nod), adverb, conj., neither — nor /20. ^^at)nCf m. s. ace. pi. 

of 3af)n, Gr. 49, 1 ; El. 9 /2/. fonntf. see 19, gov. here to the end 

of the clause by bap. Gr. 332 (VII) ; El. 174. /22. tuartc, see p. 

9,8; translate ttiartc nur, pray, he patient /2'j. iJO, adverb, conj. 

render in this instance here. See 24, why the pron. follows the verb 

in this clause /2^. ttJOl^I, adv. very frequently used in German 

Oike fd)on, see p. 10, 95) strictly idiomatically and therefore often to be 
omitted in translation. It generally conveys the idea that the speaker, 
after more or less meditation, has no doubt left about a certain matter 
and expects no m.orc doubt in others either : it may, consequently, often 
be rendered by undoubtedly, indeed, probaUy, rarely, or similar words. 


Page 11. Notes 12 5- IS I. Page 12. Notes 1-1§. 

^26, ttttt ficUcn, adverbial superl. of gut. Gr. 140, VII; 142, X; 

El. 28 726. lieff see 95 727- IjillJU, comp. of l)m and ju; for the 

meaning of ^in, see 78 ; translate l)insu, wpto 728. jcmogtc, imperf. 

ind. of insep. comp. iernagen (of prefix jer [conveying the idea of asunder, 
apart, to -pieces, e. g. jierrd^en, jerftllagen, jcrbrec^enj and nagen), Gr. 285, 12 ; 

El. 145 729. (Strilfe, see 117 730. Ujcl^e, rel. pron., Gr. 199 ; 

El. 79. Notice the transposition of the auxil. caused by the relat. pron. 
Compare 114 737. feittC. see 33. 

Page 12. — /. ttlg, subord. conj., see p. 10, 31 2. ticfc, dem. 

pron. referring to iBorberta^en (comp. of vorber, adj. and %<x%z, f. s.), with 
which it therefore agrees in gender and number ; see p. 10, 74. . . . 3, 

tDoren. 3d pers. pi. imperf. ind. of fein ; see p. 9. 18 4. ltXX\%, 

imperf. ind. of jcneiBen, comp. insep., Gr. 249, 80 ; El. 123. See also p. 

9. 10 ; p. 11, 128. Notice the transposition of the auxil. verb, caused 

by al^ (see 1) 5. 2)ttg iifirigc 9le^, tlie remaining {part of the) net; 

the adj. ukig in the sing, can be properly placed only before nouns 
denoting a substance (as such the word 9le^ has evidently been con- 
sidered here); better: ben 9lefl be^ 9^e^ee. 6. tUttrD, less usual 

imperf. ind. of werben; Gr. 104; El. 202. This form is used only in the 

singular: tc| juarb, ®u Juarbfl, er {\k, e^) toarb 7- buttl), see 11, 97. 

S. tf§ tkinen WdnS^axQ ; the use of flein before the dim. of 9)?au^ 

is to indicate the extremely small size of the little animal, as compared 
with the size of the lion. 

S9S i It t c r I i c b . 

9. tU'^cfl, 2d pers. sing. pres. ind. of ru^cn; Gr. 163; El. p. 206. 
Notice the transposition of pronoun and verb, caused by adv. conj. tuic, 

see p. 10, 34 70. in, prep., see p. 11, 32 //. beiner UJci^en. 

Notice the inflection of the adject. (TOetpcn) when preceded by bein; Gr. 

129 ; El. 23 72. ftnti, 3d pers. pi. pres. ind. of feiii; see p. 9, 11 ... 

73. ^rii^ltng^, m. s. gen. sing., Gr. 49, 3 ; El. 9. Masculine because 

ending in ling; Gr. 78. IV, 1 ; El. 187 (1) /^. SicDcr, n. s. nom. pi , 

Gr. 54, VI ; El. 11 ; be3 ^rii^Unge Sicber for bte Sieber beS f^rii^Ung^, see p. 

10, 25 7S. ^t§ Sommcv^, gen. sing. m. ; see p. 10, 27. In German 

the art. is used before the names of the seasons (Gr. 361, i). Notice 

also the gender of the word. Gr. 78, 3 ; El. p. 244 (3) 76. built 

(poetically abbreviated from t)unteg), adj. attrib. to ©efteber, n. s. without 

article ; see p. 11, 60. Gr. 133 ;* El. p. 176 77- (Scftcbcr (comp. of 

prefix gc and Sober, f. s.), neuter because collective ; Gr. 80, (4) ; El. 

190 (4); i. e. plumage, poetically used for birds /<9- BeBIiimtcg, part. 

used as adj. attrib. to Sej^getPanb (see p. 10, 45 ; p. 9, 17), n. s. comp. of 


Page 12. Notes 19-46. 

5e|l, n. s. and ®c»anb, n. s., see 14 /P. ft^Iummcrfl* 2d pers. sing. 

pres ind. of [(^lummern, see 9. Notice, that this infinitive ends in n only. 

Gr. 161, N. 2 ; El. 119, Exc 20. cntfictUct, past part, of cntfleibcn, 

insep. comp. Gr. 285 (3) ; El. 145. Tlie prefix ent generally conveys the 
idea of " away from, out of, rid of," c. g. entferncn, to remove, cnte^rcn, to 

disgrace, enteilen, to escape, etc 2/. tucilict, see 42 22, 9lu'n 

unt) ^W^p poetically for 3tucn unb ^o^en. For use of dat., see p. 9, 38. 
The sing, of 9luen, is both Stu and Slue; the last-named form is now the 
most common. In its inflection this word is generally treated as dissyl- 
labic, and not like one of those monosyllables formerly dissyllabic (e. g. 
©raf ) and still retaining their old inflection. Gr. 59, III ; El. 13 (1). 
. . . .23, ^er S8b0lcin fitci) (see p. 10, 25), construct basJ i^ieb ber SJoglcln. 

24., dcrftummctf Gr. 285 (9) ; El. 145. Notice the use of c before 

the ending. Gr. 165, V; El. 124 25. futnmct, see 24 26, 

^0^/ adverb, conj. (see p. 10, 106) used here diflerently than on p. 11, 

57, and to be translated yet or still 27* Bift, 2d pers. sing. pros. ind. 

of fein, see p. 9, 11 28, taufcnt>> poetically used here to express an 

infinitely great number 29. iJit^tcr, n. s. nom. pi. of lCid)t. This 

noun is regularly inflected in the sing, (see p. 11, 110), but in the plural 

it has two endings, both e and cr. Gr. 84; El. 194 30. ||ct — Scrcitct, 

see p. 10, 81 and 32 3/. 2)ic 3DcifCf etc. In this and the following 

line supply the words tt)cr ^at of the preceding line. Notice, that fat is 

here serving to form three perf tenses. See p. 10, 15 32. ^ct 

gutf, adj. attrib., see p. 10, 17 33. Droben, contract, of ba (r), (Gr. 

319 ; 202, IX, note), and obcn, adv. At present the simple adv. okn is 

generally used 34^. i)ir i)?in HIciD, see p. 10, 117; p. 9, 9 

36. QftCObcn (forms porf. with auxil. feat), past part, of Jt>ekn, v. irr. 

Gr. 257, (109) ; El. p. 125 36. fc^Iaft from fd}(afcn. Gr. 231, (21); 

El. p. 117 37. <2o fi^Iumm'rc l)cnn in ^rieJJcn/ tlierefore let thy 

slumbers he undisturbed. The word bcnn is used here as conj. of cause. 

See Gr. 335, note 1 38. %xk^tXi, see Gr. 42, V ; El. 7 (II) 39. 

2Jiii«)cn, adj. used as noun, see p. 9, 4^0. ncucr ilvaft, — ncucm 

l{ii}t, adj. attrib. without article (see p. 11, 60), gov. in dat. by prep. ju. 

Compare p. 9, 54 4/. ixi i)C^ i^eiljCi^ SBc^Clt, in the breezes of Spring; 

l'en^e^J, gen. sing, of i?cn;, m. s. used poetically for iyviil)Un3, see 13 ; com- 
pare p. 10, 25 ; ^X^cbcn, inf. noun, see p. 9, 21 42. SSitfi, 2d pers. 

sing. pres. ind. of rjcrbcn, Gr. 104 ; El. 202 ; here used as auxil. to fonn 

fut. Gr. 92, II; El. p. 96, VII, 2 43. gum Scbcn (p. 10, 113); 

substantive, infinitives require in CUnmaii the def. art. (Gr. 361, c) ; 

required here also by the prep. (Gr. 362, j) 44. tounlicrbor, here used 

as adv. to cr|lcl)cii, see p. 11. 80 46. fcfjtuclit IjcrntcJlcr, 3d pers. sing. 

pres. ind. of {)crnic^erfif)>ycl-cn, sep. v. comp. of fecrnicbcr (itself comp. of 
^er, see p. 11, 36 an.l 7-^, and uicbcr) and fi)n)ebetv v. n. see p. 9, 24 


Page 12. Notes 4«-4§. Page 13. Notes 1-1 T. 

Jj.6. tmnn, adv. of time ; it is frequently thougli incorrectly used as 

conj., see Gr. 335, note 1, and compare 37 47. 93Iumcnfrttn3r comp. 

of S3lume (see p. 9, 37 and 55), and ilranj, m. s. Notice, that many 
nouns, connected in English hy the prep, of, are rendered in German 

\ij compound nouns, omitimg the prej), altogether 4-8, im, contr. 

from in (prep. gov. dat. and ace, see p. 9, 13) and bcm. Compare also 
p. 9, 21. 

^cr SottJC iinb bcr §afc. 

Page 13. — /. UJitttJtgtCf imp. ind. of njurbigen, v. a. which (like the 
adj. JDitrbtg [Gr. 373, §. 12, 1]) governs the indirect object in the gen., 
i. e., feiner noi^erert (adj. comparative of nat)C, attrib. to, and consequently 
agreeing with, 33efanntfc^aft). ^e!anntfc^aft ; translate favored — ^witli a 

familiar acquaintance 2. abcr — J)cnn> translate pray ! . .. .3. cud)f 

pers. pron. 2d pers. pi. ace. (Gr. 179 ; El. 52), because direct object of 

ioerjagen; seep. 11, 15 4. I^btoen stands here in apposition to the 

preceding word 6. elcnticr/ Irfil^enJJcr §o!)n» see p. 10, 45 

6*. tJCrjafien, insep. comp. (of prefix ijcr [meaning away, off, etc.] and 

fagett), see p. 12, 24 7- fttlllt^ 3d pers. sing. pres. indie, of founen (see 

p. 9, 35), gov. at the end of the clause by conj. ba^. Gr. 332, VI and VII ; 
El. 174 8. 5tUcrtltng§/ adv. opening the clause, causes the transposi- 
tion of verb and pronoun. Gr. 477, 4; El. p. 255 (4) 9. gro^CIt 

%^\tXt, apposition to K)lr; see 4 W. ViXl^i pers. pron. 1st pers. pi. 

dat. (see p. 9, 34), gov. by ttlt/ see p. 11, 5. tKlt ftd) ^aben (literally to 
have upon one's self), i. e., to have, possess (used principally of qualities, 

habits, etc.) //. tUtrfi iitt — J^Cptt l^abetl; 2d pers. sing, second fut. ind. 

of pren. Gr. 162, IV ; 165 ; El. 123. In German a supposition, which 
the speaker takes to be a fact, may be expressed either by the pres. or 
perf. accompanied by an adverb, phrase bearing an assumption or sup- 
position, or by either of the future tenses simply. E. g., <otc tt)crben 
tt)iffen, you undoubtedly know ; cr tutrb gelernt "^akn, lie has surely learned, 

etc 72. ^le^^antcitf foreign s. (derived from the root of Greek iXe^aq 

(gen. eMcpavT-oc) is declined like masc. nouns ending in c. Gr. 45, 

11^ El. 8 /S. crlBCdctf of critJecEen (see p. 11, 47), is analogous here 

to gefcen, or »erf(^affen, and therefore governs two objects both direct and 
indirect, the former in the ace, the latter in the dative. (Gr. 381, 2.) 
. . ■ •/4. SSal^rl^afltgf here elliptically used as an interjection ; translate 

indeed/ or is that so? or you don't say so ! /6. uiltcrBra^v from 

unterbrec^cn (comp. of unter, prep. gov. dat. and ace), see p. 9, 33, and 

Brec^en, v. a. and n. irr. Gr. 239, (38) ; El. p. 119 /e. Iicntcif for 

I>egrette /7. fiirc^tcitf here used as reflex, v. t»ir furd)ten un^, Gr. 303; 

El. 154 sq. Notice, that in English the reflex, sense of fii^ furd)ten is 
not specially conveyed ; compare Gr. 305, I ; El. p. 203. 


Page 13. Notes 1§-:J8. 

GJottcg 95atcrtrcuc. 

78. ©Ottc^f ^en. sinff. of ®ott, Gr. 68, IV ; El. 15 (IV) W. S)tttcr= 

trcue (comp. of ^'ater, m. s. and Sircuc, f, s.), i. e., 'paternal faitJtfulness, or 
Tx'tter rendered bere paternal care, since %xmt stands here instead of 

oL>n3C or B-uvforgc :^0. m '\% there is. Gr. 100, II; El. lo9. m ifl 

tcin '2JJviuvJd}cn |o iuiig unb flein, (gj ^at — . A peculiarly idiomatic plirase. 
which, though being perfectly correct, is not frequently used. Trans- 
late : " there is no mouse so young and small, but it has (or that has 
not) its dear little mother" The same idiom is found in a well-known 
German proverb, viz. : „(£ij t|l 9iid)t»3 fo fein gefponnen {spun means here 
planned), SjJ fommt enblid) aw tie ©onncn" (obsolete ace. sing, of (Sonne). 

2/, ^Q0, demonst, pron. referring to 3)iutterlein, see p. 11, 8 

22. mani^C^f indef. num. Gr. 15.") ; El. 46 2S. i^riimc^Clt. Notice, 

that nouns ending in c, drop this letter before the dim. suffix. Gr, 

77, f ; El. 112 2Z-. SBrot. Notice the expression .iirumd)en S3rot. 

In German a noun denotinor a whole (if not accompanied by an adjective 
or some other qualifying Avord) is put in the same case as the noun de- 
noting a part. (Gr. 869, 2) 2S.'m ifJ fcin— (5^ ^ot, see 20 

26. ta, adverb, conj., see p. 10, 34 27- m ijl fcin— S^ filttictf 

see 20 28. ^JaUOHf poetically for tDOdOlt; i. e., i^on wcld^em, viz. 

S3lum(^cn and Slatt. The use of an apparently demonst. form instead of 
the relative proper is a characteristic feature of the German language. 

Compare p. 9, 16, etc 29. '\\^\, 3d pers. sing. pres. ind. of cffcn, v. ira*. 

Gr. 237, (27); El. p. 119. Sffcn— i?on, to eat of—, to feed on or upon. 

The conj. unb which should follow is poetically omitted 30, 

Cigenci^ from eic^cn, Gr. 133, VIII ; El. 175 * ,3/. %\^i\\, both m. and 

n. s. without change of signification ; Gr. 84, XII ; El. 195 S2. ifl 

bcftcUt for bci^ellt worben i|l, 3d pers. sing. perf. ind. passive of kftcllem 
The past part. tr»crbcn is often omitted in the perf. and plup. tenses of the 
passive voice in German, and the sentence then simyjly alludes to the 
state (bc|le(It) in which the subject (Xt)cil) happens to be, without refer- 
ence to any agent. Compare Gr. 173 ; III ; El. p. 208, *. The inversion 
i|l kfiellt for k|Mt ill (auxil. gov. at the end by relat. pron. bent) is a 

poetical license not admissible in prose o3. ^'ariimeHf somewhat 

antiquated form (now only used in poetry) for bvuin, i. e. n^crin, i. e. in 

Ifcldjci*, \iz. ^aud. X)artnnen is best rendered hero by ichere 34-. gc^t 

Cin lint) aVL§, poetical for etnoieM unb au^ge()t. This line contains a zeug- 
ma, since the word barinncn, though properly Iwhmging to ftcin cin only, 

extends also to (i^c!)t) au^ 3o. lJa'^» demonst. pron., see 11, 8 36. 

9inc?» indef. pron. gee p. 10. 91, used here as a noun. Gr. 156, II ; El. 47. 

37- bcl)Qd)t» past part, of comp. v. irr. and refl. bcbcnfcn, Gr. 242, (61); 

El. p. 120. Compare p. 10, 32 38. $cr lic6c ©ott- Children use 


Page 13. Notes :J9, 40. Page 14. Notes 1-25. 

the adj. Itefe when mentioning the name of God. Compare the French 

" Le hon Dieu." S9. fictjt from fel)en, see p. 10, 60 4^0. Jiet 9(ac0 

mat^t — iJcr for^t, correlat. pronouns, the relative preceding the demon- 
Btrative. Gr. 203 ; El. 93. 

Page 14, — /. ©ulcnf^tcgcl (literally Owls' Mirror), a name of fiction 
denoting a comical person and the hero of many practical jokes in popu- 
lar legends, like Punch in England, Harlequin and Policinello in France 

and Italy 2. ging from gc^en, p. 11, 105 S. einc0 2^O0C0, adverb. 

expression. In German, when the time is indefinite, the gen. of nouns 
is frequently used instead of adverbs of time, Gr. 318, III ; compare 

385, §. 24; El. 146, III 4. iibcr %t\^ gefjcn, to cross {walk across) 

the fields. Notice the absence of the article after the prep, iiber. Com- 
pare Gr. 362, j. with 363, §. 4 6. i^m, dat., see p. 9, 22, gov. by be^ 

gegnen, which verb belongs to a class requiring the direct object in the 

dat. (Gr. 380) 6. iiScr iDic @cbu^r, abverb. phrase, heyond propriety 

or measure, unreasonably 7. antvic6> from antreiben, irr. sap. comp, 

of prefix on (Gr. 279, 2 ; El. 139), and tretkn; Gr. 252. (105) ; El. p. 123. 

Translate here to run 8 ilanttf see p. 9, 85 9. tm SJorbctiagcilf 

{while) hurrying past; about the contraction see p. 12, 47; about the 
infin. noun, p. 9, 21 /O. tuo^I (see p. 11, 124) XiQ^, translate prob- 
ably //. tjor 5lben5f compare 4 /2. juiv see p. 10, 64 fS. i^r» 

antiquated form of address instead of ©ie or !Du. Gr. 180 *; El. 53. 

/4. ift tUO^l (see p. 11, 124) m^i l\\X%, The popular phrase „mii)t 

flug (or gefii)cit) fein," means to be crazy, to be out of one's wits. In 
German as in other languages an idea is often more forcibly expressed 
by the negation of its opposite instead of a simple positive assertion, 

e. g. md)t fcl)Iec^t, X[\6)X iikl, i. e., fc^r gut fS. bot^tc from benfen, see p. 

13, 37 /6. tricb — ixn, see 7 /7- nur nO!^ tnc^rr translate only the 

more {faster) f8. @C0Ctt 5l6enl3, see 11 /9. font— juriirf, Gr. 240, 

(59); El. p. 120 20. tjcmfclbcnf demonst. pron. see p. 11, 41 

2/. SScgC, m. s. Gr. 49; El. 9 22. trof— am Gr. 240, (54); El. 

p. 120. Compare p. 10, 39 2S. gcbro^cn^ past part of brcc^en, Gr. 

239, (38) ; El. p. 119. The verb being used as a neuter here, is conju- 
gated with fein; (roar serves to form the pluperf. tense) ; compare p. 11, 45. 

Translate tuar i^Rl gcbtOl^cn; ^e had broken (See Gr. 382,5) 24^. 

ntU^tf; see p. 10, 116 26. ftt^ bcquctticn, refl. v. Gr. 304 ; El. p. 262. 

Notice that this infin. is not preceded by p. Gr. 426, §. 30 a ; El. 119, 
N. (1). The following infinitives (Meikn and ^ul^ringcn), however, depend- 
ing upon tequcmen, demand the prep. Gr. 427, §. 81 ; El. p. 93, Obs. I, N. 


Page 14. Notes 26-49. 

.i..26. jujubrinnt^n from ju'&nngen (see p. 9, 51), compare p. 10, 112. 
The second ju is the particle belonging to the iufin., as explained in 25 ; 

i)ic l!Kad)t is direct object of jubringcu; translate to pass tlie night 

27- CU^f antiquated form of address to one persjn. See p. 18, 3 

28. f^radj» see p. 9, 30 20. mii^tctf of muffeu, see p. 10, IIC, her.; 

gov. at the end of the clause and in the subj. by Uo^; compare p. 11, 7. 

SO. tuotttctf of wcUcn, see p. 9, 2, here gov. at the end of the clause, 

and in the subj. by lx»enn; compare 29. It is an idiomatic peculiarity 
of the German language, that after the auxil. verbs the in fin. or past 
part, governed by them is either altogether omitted or, if the verb bo a 
comp., is represented only by the preposition detached from the verb 
omitted, e. g., ic^ muB fort (gc^en)^ / must go ; cr n?tU nad) ^t^aufc G^e^cn), he 
wUl go home; cr barf ntit (fommen), he may come along, etc. So also 
here: ,,irtcun \^x nod) ^ur ©tabt (fasten or fommcu) woUtct,'' '' if you wished 
to reach the city." Such omissions are, however, inelegant. 

JJricbri^ SBil^clm I. unb bcr ^anbibat* 

Sf. Sricbritfj SBilftcIm Iw read bcr erftc, nom. sincr. Gr. 150, II; 

El. 40 32. aSil^cIni I. (ace. because direct object of 6at) read 2Bil^ 

l^clm Den (Srficn; see 31 S3, bon ^rcu^cu. Notice the use of uon 

before nouns denoting rank or title (Qr. 8G9. 4 a) S4-. nxn, prep. 

gov. ace, see p. 10, 42, translate for S/il. fcat. See p. 11, 55 

56. niO0 fiir Ctn, interrog. pron. Gr. 208 ; 209, (4) ; El. 94 ; 98, IV 

57. tudrCf imperf. subj. of fcin, see p. 9, 11. In oblique narration after 
the verb fragcn (see p. 11, 7 and p. 14, 30) the imperf. subj. is used in 
German, in English the imperf. ind. is used instead. Gr. 421, §. 72 

58. Sctlincr; appellations derived from the names of places are formed 

like national appellations. Gr. 73, VI ; El. 19 SO. @e^(:)t (i()i), 

2d pers. plur. imperat. of 3cl)cu, see p. 10, 29, and p. 11, 77 ^O. (au* 

gen nit^tg* translate are good for nothing. 9?ld)t^, indef. pron. is in Gor- 
man often used for the adv. nid)t ^/. C^Jo. abbreviation of (r:urc; Gr. 

188 * ; El. p. 180 *. . . . 4-2. dcrjcirjcu, Gr. 252, (107) ; El. p. 123 ; taertiea 
mir ber^etiien. Tities like ©n). SJiajcilat, etc., used in polite address, anal- 
ogous to (Sic, usually govern the verb in the 3d pers. plur. As to use 

of future, compare p. 13. 11 Z^S. c8 f^iebt (compare p. 13, 20); 

Gr. 312, II; El. 159, 2 4-4-. ptc, good ones. In German the ter- 
mination of the adj. is a substitute for the pronoun one or ones. Compare; 

Gr. 220, VI ; El. 115 46. iJttruntriV adv. comp, of ba and untcr, with 

a euphonic r inserted ; see p. 12, 33 40'. fclfifJ, refl. pers. pron. Gr. 

182, VI ; El. 59, 3 47. fcnnr, Gr. 242, (62) ; El. p. 120 48. Uenn, 

Bee p. 13, 2 40. Jjer Jtucitc bin \^. Notice the construction of this 


Page 14. Notes 50-5T. Page 15. Notes 1-11. 

clause. In German, if the predicate (here bcr jtt?ette) opens a clause, tbe 
copula (here Mn) precedes the subject (here id)). Compare Gtr. 478, Note. 
El. p. 251, Note oO. ubcVt prep. gov. dat. and ace. see p. 9, 13. 

2)cr gctrcue Untcrt^an. 

S/. htu This prep, is used when speaking of battle-fields. (Gr. 

454, IV, 8) S^. tltU imperf. of reiteu, Gr. 249, (81j ; El. p. 123 

SS. Uic B^mhtn, prop, noun, Gr. 73, VII ; El. 20 -5^. ouf, (ren- 
der here at), prep. gov. here the ace. (Diefe^ 9)fcrb) because the verb 

(f(^offen) expresses motion ; see p. 9, 12 and 9, 88 oS. tOtii)C§, relat. 

pron., see p. 11, 180 S6. fii)— unt^rfl^tcB* imperf. ind. of unterfc^ei* 

feen, V. a. and (here) refl. irr. insep. comp. (s33 p. 13, 15). Gr. 251, (98) ; 

El. p. 123 57. fiDoffCtt from f^iepcn. Gr. 261 (134) ; El. p. 126 

SS. batr see 35. 

Page 15. — /. 2)30 fcinigc (viz. 5)ferb), absol. poss. pron. Notice 
the use of the def. art. supplied in English by the word ow;i. Gr. 187, 

III ; 189 ; El. 60 (2), 67 3. ju tj;rtaufl^:n, infin. with jii, see p. 14, 

26 «?. SSortnaaae, Uo| — :mvc. Nouns expressing the same ideas 

as the verbs fagen, ^el}aupten, er^ci^len, fra3m(see p. 14, 37) have in German 
the same effects as those verbs, and govern the verb, with or without 
conj. ba§, in the imperf. subj. (in English use the imperf. ind.) requir- 
ing it at the end of the clause. Here the noun S5j?vaunb is, in meaning, 

equivalent to kl^aujJten S. I^auith adv. conj. opening the clause 

causes the transposition of subject and verb, sje p. 10, 34 S. ciniflC 

(indef! num. Gr. 155 ; El. 46) ; ^lugcitblirfri ace. pi. The ace. is often 
used, in place of an adv. of time, to denote a particular point or dura- 
tion of time (Gr. 385, §. 24, while the gen. often serves to express in- 
definite time (Gr. 377, 3). Compare p. 14, 3 &. ^attc — lieflicficn* 

pluperf. ind. of kflcigen, irr. insep. comp. Gr. 252, (104) ; El. p. 123. 
Notice that the insep. verbs always form their past part, without ge ; 

see p. 10, 32 7. fo, adverb, conj. very frequently used to open sen- 

/tences expressing a consequence of the preceding one, and often best 
omitted in translation. Render here whmi. Compare p. 10, 106; Gr. 

329, IV ; 479, 2 (c) ; El. 173 ; p. 257, 2 (c) 8. ttiurtie (see p. 12, 6) 

getblltet imperf ind. passive. Gr. 171 ; El. p. 209 ,9. tja^l fiffeplli 

notice defin. art. (compare p. 9, 21). 

fO. Soliittttn'g 6Jcrci)tiflfcih se3 p. 10, 25 //. 23rSfrr?i)^r, 

m. s. from 6c'|errf4)cu (derived in tarn from •'pcrri m, s). About tlia 


Page fi5. Notes 12-:{2. 

termination cr see p. 9, 19 72. Dcr Xlirfcit; gen. pi. see p. 14, 5)3. 

73. Dcr» see p. 9, IG and 18 /4. grcnjciilojcil; adj. aitrib. to 

e^rc(eiJi, (comp. of ©ren^e [©ranjc], f. s. and suffix lo^, which conveys the 
idea of idthout, free fr&m, etc., perfectly analogous to the English suffix 

less, e. g. frcunblojJ, friendless), see p. 9, 48 /o. (S^rgcij/ m. s. comp. 

of g^re, f. s. and ®eij, ni. s. see p. 9, 55 /6. bcfap, imp. ind. of befi^en, 

irr. comp. insep. Gr. 272 (192) ; EL p. 130 ; compare p. 10, 32 //. 

priff— an» imperf. of ancireifcn, irr. sep. comp. see p. 14, 16. Gr. 279, (2) ; 

El. 139 /8. nafjm— Cin; from eimicf^men, see 17 ; and p. 10, 62 /9, 

tUClt^C^f neuter because referring to aielgrab, which, like all names of 
cities in German, is neuter; in the ace. here because direct object of be* 

trac^tete. See p. 9, 9. For absence of art. see Gr. 72, I ; El. 16 20. 

moitf indef. pron. (subj. of this clause). Notice, that the verb is in the 
sin^f. Gr. 216, II; El. 107. Notice also, that man occurs only in the 

nom. sing 2/. al3 l»ic SBormoucr* appos. to and agreeing with it>e(d)c^, 

19 22. 6l^nficill|eitf fem. because of its termination ^cit Gr. 79, 

VI, 2; El. 189 (2) 23. ^attc— Uoflcillict. pluperf. of Uoflcnbcn, comp. 

insep. Gr. 285 (10) ; El. 145 24-. ftll)— nol)tc» imperf. ind. of fid) nal)cn 

(na^ern), derived from adj. naf*(e), governs the dative. Gr. 305 ; El. p. 262. 
— 26. i)Q§— tucngcnommcii fatten* pluperf. subj. of wepcfimen, irr. 
sep. comp. of prefix rocg {away), Gr. 280 (22) ; El. 139, and ncl)mcn, see p. 
10, 62. Notice the position of the particle jjc (compare p. 10, 112) and 
see for reason why the auxil. verb is in the subj. and at the end of the 

clause, p. 15, 3 (Gr. 419, §. 70, 8) 26. il|r— il)r ^k\). The first i^r 

pers. pron. 3d pers. fem dat. sing, is used here to express personal harm 
or damage. The English would use a possess, pron., and it is conse- 
quently to be omitted in translation, see p. 14, 23 (Gr. 382, 5). The 
second tf)r is the conj. possess, pron. agreeing with 2Jic^; see p. 9, 58. 

27' ft)Cll^C0» gender determined by ^Mc^, which is neuter because 

a collective noun. Gr. 80, VII, 4 ; El. 190 (4). Compare 19 28. 

OUi^mad)tc» imperf. subj. of sep. comp. au5^inad)en, see 17; in the subj. 
and at the end of clause because gov. by flagte, bap, see 25 ; compare alsf 

P- 9, 33 29. miiffct/ 2d pers. plur. pres. ind. of miiiTcn, see p. 10, 116 

. . . .30. 0cIe0Cll Ijabcn, infin. perf. act. of Ilcc?en, (Gr. 272 (190) ; El. p 

130); governed by miiiTct 3/. Oiiiubcr, m. s. derived from raubcii' 

8«^e 11 32. fbnucilf 2d pors. plur. perf ind. of foimcn, see p. 9, 35. 

Notice, that the auxil. verbs of mode in compound tenses, when 
connected with the infin. of another verb, are required to be in the 
infinitive present instead of the usual past part. Compare p. 11, 63. 
The English verb can, being defective, furnishes no equivalent for the 
corajwund tenses of fiinucn, which consequently have to be rendered by 
such phrases, as to he able to, t) s>ircccd in, etc., or may frequently 
be entirely omitted in translation, as in this instance : ^abt nic^t ^ijrm 


Page 15. Notes 33-59. 

fonneitr have not heard 3S. \^]\k\, see p. 11> 31 3Ja. gnoDigcr 

^tXXi gracious lord, an humbJe address used by servants aud low people 

towards their superiors 36. gcfr^al)' imperf. of geftl)el)en. Gr. 2J7, 

(31) and Note 1 ; El. p. 119 36. (£ure ^O^cit, see p. 14, 41. Contrary 

to custom, here constructed with the sing, of the verb 37- 0Cmeinc 

for ttUgemcillC 38. ^tdjcrt)Cit, see 22 39. tUttlfttef 3d pers. sing. 

imperf. subj. gov. by bap ; see 8 4^0. fo iirciji fic (i. e. bicfe SRcbe) audj 

toarf render notwithstanding {in spite of) its boldness, or though it (i. e. thie 
speech) was bold, ©o — auc^ is here used instead of rale ayx&i, subord. conj. 
Gr. 332, VI ; El. 174. The German idiom has a tendency to use forms of 
a demonstrative (here fo) rather than of a relative character (here n>ie). 

Compare p. 13, 28 4/ evfc^tc from crfe^en, insep. comp. see p. 9, 10 

and 36 42. Quf einc — SBcifCf translate in a — manner or way 

43. t^tUi rel. pron. see p. 9, 16. 

^ic S3omIic. 

44. Ilorl XII, read ^axl bcr StlJOlftc, subject of the clause, and 

therefore in the nom 46. ^tX, see 43 46. ficIOQCrt tuar^ render 

was BEING besieged. This is not the imperf. ind. passive (belagert tourtie 
or tuari)), but the simple imperf. of fctn used with belagert as a predica- 
tive adjective. A distinct discrimination is to be made in German 
between fcin with a past part., and the simple passive voice formed by 
the auxil. iperben; while the latter denotes the state, in which the subject 
is placed by an agent, the former simply alludes to the state, in which 
the subject happens to be, without the least reference to any agent. Gr. 
173, III, and N. ; El. p. 208.*. ...47. tliftirtc, imperf. of biftircn. Verbs 
terminating in ireit (not ieren) have been taken from the Latin or French, 

e. g. abbiren, to add, rajiren, to shave, ntarfi^iren, to march, etc 48. 

llOd^, prep. gov. dat. denotes motion, tendency or destination toward a 

place, where the English use for or to (Gr. 464, 1) 40. ftcl, see p. 

9,12 60. ft^lutj — ilurrfjf 3d pers. sing, imperf. ind. of burd)fi$la9cn, 

V. a. and n. irr. both sep. and insep., comp. of prep. bur(^ (Gr. 349 ; El. 
p. 112) and fv!}(a9en (Gr. 229, 6 ; El. p. 116). Notice, that the verb and 
the prep, are here used in their natural sense, not metaphorically, and 

are consequently separable. Gr. 291 ; El. 150 6/. ^ctflltanq from 

jerfprini^cn, insep. comp. See p. 9, 24 ; and for meaning of jcr, p. 11, 128. 

. o . .62. nc&cn, prep. gov. dat. and ace. Gr. 349 ; El. p. 112 63, 

^PrflOH' from 'jcrflteoien, comp. of in (see 51) and fitegcn. Gr. 260 (125); 

El. p. 126 .54. in (^tilrfc^ to pieces 66. ^arin, for ittorin, see 

p. 13, 33 .56. tuor — anc|e6rttcl;t» see 40. Notice position of prefix on: 

in anc^clmutt (see 25), and compare p. 9, 51 .57. ni(M^. see p. 14, 40. 

....68. i;tt from Icibctw Gr. 240 (78) ; El. p. 123 69. floo, see 53. 


Page 15. iNOx'^b oO-TT. Page 16. Notes 1-16. 

, . ,,60, IcincSf see p. 11, 14 ; about the termination compare p. 14, 44. 

6/, tJeffcn, gen. sing. n. of weld>cr (see p. 11, 130) 6J^, Set, 

render here at 6S. |tanD, see p. 10, 1 64.. ciltjufiurjcn, gov. 

by the follow'iug verb ; about position of ju compare p. 10, 112 66. 

f^icn, imperf. of fc^einen. Gr. 251 (99); El. p. 123 66. ftcl, trans- 
position of noun and verb due to adverb, phrase (i8et bcm i^natt, etc.) 
opening the clause. Gr. 445, §. 96, N. 1 ; El. 170. Instead of possess. 
pron. translate : fiel tie i^cber bem ©efretar au<3 ber -^anb, the pen dropped 
from the hand of the secretary, or better : the secretary dropped his 

pen 67. %i\\t, for gicbt. 68. tJcnitf see p. 12, 36 ; translate here 

now 69. fogtc, see p. 10, 46 70. mii, prep. gov. dat., see p. 9, 

54 7/- rut)iocr, adj. attrib. to Wlkm (f. s., see p. 9, 37) without 

article. See p. 11, 60. In English supply the indef. article : with a 

quiet demeanor, or with perfect composure 7^- \\^X, see p. 14, 13. 

73. liefer, see p. 10, 80 74' i)ic SBortc crluicDcrn, translate 

utter 76. ju fd-aff.n (or ju t^un) ^abcn, i. e. to have to do {with), 

76. cudj, see 72 77- ^tx\iXd fort, 2d pers. pi. (supply subject 

i^r) iinxjerat. of fortfa^rcn, sop. comp. of adv. fort and fasten. Gr, 229, 2 ; 
El. p. 116. Translate continue (writing)! 

Sotf manti. 

Page 16. — /. ©clcljrtcr, adj. used as noun, see p. 9, 6 JS. fid) 

fclbft, reflex, pers. pron. m. dat sing. gov. by son. Gr. 182, VI ; El. 59. 

Compare p. 10,63 3, ^d) ^abc midj— gcgrd^mt/ pers. sing, i^erf. 

ind. of \\^ grdmcn, see p. 13, 17 4, SBiUcttCartiofeit (see p. 10, 72), 

translate here mufortune, or dignity S. c§ tno^tc (see p. 9, 27) mil* 

0U(^ f'J fi)limm (adv.) gc^cn, oie t^ lOOUtc, render Iiowever badly I fund, 
or however adverse {my) circumstances {were). Here we have an im- 
personal phrase (e^ gc^t wir fd)limni) analogous to e^ i]! mix, etc. Gr. 313 ; 
El. 160. This is a formation frequently used, e. g. in the salutation : 
2Bic gc^t e^ 3^ncn? Roio do you do?—aU, subord. conj. correlative to fo. 
Gr. 333, II, 2 ; 335, 2 ; El. 177 (2) ; 180 {2).... 6. oilfecr, translate except ; 
here used as conj. since as a prep, it would govern the dat. Gr. 347 ; El. 

63 7. tin ein^i(\C§ 9)iQl, J^cc. because denoting a particular occasion ; 

see p. 15, 5. . . .<9. aU, translate here ichen 9. ^ll (foufeil), JU is re- 
quired before the infin. after nouns, which are in English followed by to 
with the infin. Gr. 427, ^.81, b. .../O. ^im, see p. 11, 105. ...//. Irof, 

see p. 14, 22 /^. OTcitfdlfn, ace, see p. 10. 9 /S. fofj, see p. 

10,60 /4. tear id!, trans',)Osition due to aid in preceding clause; 

/6. tJanft?. rroverns the dat. (mcincm ®ott); see p. 14, 5. No- 
tice tha+ in German the adv. (^rrUicf^) is ]>laced after the verb (Gr. 
444, §.95), and eVen after the object /6. Uicnn fj^Ott (i. e. rocnn 


Page 16. Notes 17-46. 

and)), subord. codj. translate although //. Uilgludiitj/f, see p. 10, 75. 

/S» todxc — gCQangen (past part, of gc^en* see p. 10, 29), stands for 

iuurbe gegangen fein. The subj. of the imperf. and pluperf, in German 
are usually substituted for the longer forms of the conditionals proper 
(Gr. 416, Rem.). For use of auxil. [ein (t»are) see p. 14, 23, and p. 11, 45. 

/O. ja (see p. 9, 52) gemc, obsolete form for gem, irreg- adv. Gr. 

821 ; El. 166 ^O. Oefjct J)tr'0 iibcl. The conj. hlCttn may be omit- 
ted in conditional and concessive sentences, and the sentence or clause 
be opened by the verb. Gr. 422, §. 75 ; 477, c; El. 199, 1. For mean- 
ing of the phrase see 5 ^/, fc||rc, imperat, of fc^ren, see p. 9, 8. 

^^. jum (see p. 10, 113) ©utcn, see p. 9, 6 ^S. toic, relat. conj., 

Gr. 339 ; El. 175 ^^. .^crjcn. Gr. 55, VII, N. ; El. p. 171 (II) 

^J. Die Stugcitf def. art. instead of possess, pron,, see p. 9, 21 <S&. 

t\om, contract, of i)Dn and bem, see p. 10, 113. About use of def. art. 
before an abstract noun, see p. 9, 9 ^7- ubtX flJ^, for aufiucirt^, obso- 
lete (Luther's) style, like ^Intcr fti^; for xMmxt^, etc.. . . .^S. QXO^nn for 


^'0. §crBf}> here without def. art. (see p. 12, 15) because as a title 

simply calculated to give the idea of the season disconnectedly SO. 

flic^t «r- 360 (126) ; El. p. 126 S/. jieljt Gfr- 261 (144) ; El. p. 126. 

S^. i]V§, i. e. i|"t e^, impersonal phrase. Gr. 311, I; El. 158 ; com- 
pare also 5 SS. nm mid) Ijen see p. 11, 34 and 36 S4^. fd^murf* 

io§t see p. 15,14; supply ftnb SS. X^ol unll JlSei^cn stand here 

without article because used collectively to express one idea (viz., the 

country). (Gr. c63, 4.) SO. ift Ittltpfl crfiorbeit, perf. of erftorOcn, 

insep. comp. of crl^erben, Gr. 240 (53) ; El, p. 120 ; langjl, superl. of lang 
(see p. 10, 52) used as an adverb.. ...ST- SSaUttt unlJ (StrttUt^, see 35 ; 
it appears from the sing, of the verb (fd)cint), that only one idea (viz., all 
plants) is expressed by both words. . . .S^. 9lorl)'0 for 9?orbc^, gen. sing. 

of 9?Drb, m. s. poetically used for 9?Drbtt)inb SO. dcriJOrficn, past part. 

(mostly used as adj.) of »erborben, see p. 9, 10; Gr. 240 (55); El. p. 120. 
. . . .^O. ^ur^fd^Iumitt're (see p. 12, 36), imperat. of sep. and insep. comp, 
burc^fc^lummern. Notice, that a comp. verb, used in a, figurative or meta- 
phorical sense, is inseparable and lias the accent on the radical syllable. 

Gr. 291 ; El. 150 ^/. bcroufttf, see p. 12, 18 ^^. tic§ SSintct^ 

bange iJangc (the last two words ace. because direct obj.), see p. 10, 25. 

4^S. iJtr and tJtC^ refers to t^-(ur, whicli the poet apostrophizes 

4-4: l)ttnn» adv. of time, correlative to n^cnn (used incorrectly instead of 

roam; Gr. 335, VI, N. ; El. 181), causes the inversion 46. i)cn» t)cr» 

correlat. pron., see p. 13, 40 4-€. I)cn .§crrn, etc., apposition to ben. 


Page 1«. Notes 47-60. Page 17. Notes 1-7. 

....4-7. 2flcnftl;"n» liere without art. (ber is a relat. proii.) because used 
in uu indcf. sense (Gr. UG4, g. 5). 

$luS bcr SugenS) gricbvi^ SSU^clmg IIL 

4S. grVictJrid) 28il^clm§ III, read bco S^ritten ; see p. 14, 82 

>^^. Don 10 ^O^rcn. Notice, that in Gerniau before nouns denoting 
age the prep, of is rendered by von (Gr. 870, 4, a). Compare p. l4, 33. 

SO. unD i(l> supply ali5 — o/. iDic ^ilufttJortunQ bci iljm t)ottc> 

render icas in attendance upon him. . . .5^. bradjtc, from Bringcn, see p. 

0, 51 53. cincg 2^0fiCg (sefe p. 14, 3) bci ftvcngct ^dltc. Notice, that 

tiicse words in English must be connected with day {%o.%), viz., on a 

Utter cold day 64. m liUionttt ^anuar. The name or date of the 

month (3*inuar) when connected with their generic name (^cnat) stands 
hy appodiion in the same case (Gr. 369, 1). Notice also that the word 
governed by a verbal adjective is placed immediately before it (Gr. 433, 
note 1), and that a participial clause may, like a simple adj., precede 
the noun, to which it is attributive, while in English it has to follow 

the same ((ir. 388, §.20) 6o. tin ii^iJrlitf)?!! m\\, a popular elliptical 

construction ; supply (-icfallt and translate a UUle basket {full) of. . . .60. 
pfjonfr.Cllf past part, of jicbcu (see p. 11, 118), attrib. to ilirfitcn; translate 

raised 67- 58fim> contr. of bel and bem, see 20 68. f rente fitfv 

Bee p. 13, 17 69. i)tc in X)iefcr ^a^ve^^cit fcltcnc, etc., [dtcnc is adj. 

to grud)t and governs in turn the phrase in bi?l"cr Tw^vc^^cit. Construe: 

iviinfd)tc jugcnlcpen (see p. 14, 25) bic %\\\^)i fcttcne in bicfcr ^at^rcd^cit 

60. i^m— 'jcmerflid) ncmot^t tourtlf. impersonal phrase, the subject c^ 
beinir omitted ; translate when he understood, or ichen it icas hinted. 

Page i 7.—/. mtHm, gen. pi. gn-. by iJoU (Gr. 373, §. 12, 1). See 
p. 13, 1. The words §aub ttoU (frequently spelt as one word) may also 
bo considered a measure or a noun denoting a part. ; in that case 
Jt'irfdicn would parse as ace. ])\. (see ]). 13, 23) governed, with ^^anbspH, by 

fiir ^. t)rel)tc fid) UHN from fid) umbrehen, sop. omp here used as a 

reflex. V S. entfdjiet^encnf adj. from past. part, of cntfd)ciben, insep. 

com p., see p. 14.50 ^, ^d) liian ("f* moacn; see p. 11, 00) nnD tuiU 

(of nu^Uen, p. 0, 22) fie \v'-i', mnply b,;bcn or c>Tcn and com])are p. 14, 30. 

6. liefe {si'.e p. 11, 81) fill mel^i'iw translate se?it in his name, or 

a&kedfor an audience. About tlie peculiar uieahing of laffcn, see Gr. 408, 

^.50,3; 409. Rem. ; El. 1:12 (7. <3d)Ul)mfl(I)ermeiil«'rr c^mip. of threo 

nouns, viz., <3ituh m s "^^lidKx, m. s. (see p. 9, 19), and ^^iciftcr, m. s. Ken- 

der (master-) shocmjtkev 7- fci — ac!l}ffcn» perf. subj. of fcin, see ]>. 

9, 11. Subj. demanded by bcrid)tetc (uualogou-; to finite), see p. 11. 7. 


Page 17. Notes ?^-J$5. 

8. ^m, Gr. 88 (IV) ; El. p. 140, render with 9. J^ctttfigcfommenf 

supply fci to form perf. subj. as in 7 fO. kDiirfc er^ pres. subj. of 

bcbiirfen, insep. irr., Gr. 117 ; El. p. 223 (see p. 10, 32). The transposition 

is due to fo, adverb, conj. (see p. 15, 7) //. iim— C^ — ficgittltCtt JU 

fijnncn. 3u would not stand before fijnnen (see p. 14, 25) were it not 

called forth bj urn (see p. 11, 115) ; e^ refers to ©ewerbe /JS. 8cicr» 

anfauf (see p. 12, 46), comp. of i^eber, n. s. and Slnfauf, m. s. (from an* 

!aufen, comp. v.). Render for the buying of leather /S. um tnclc^e 

cr — hdtCt render {for) which he asked. The subj. throughout this sen- 
tence is required by oblique narration after terid)tete; compare e. g. 

bie er nic^t ^tittc ; see p. 11, 7 /4. aU um tm, etc., apposition to 

tr>elc^e» fS. in ^affc. Notice omission of def. art, in idiomatic 

phrases (see p. 14, 4) and translate : How much {money) have Ion hand? 

....f6. bcfa^h from kfe^Ien, Gr. 240 (39) ; El. p. 119 /7. tJ^ fotte, 

pres. subj. of foKen (see p. 10, 89) ; for use of subj. compare p. 15, 

25 f8. i)Ctn— 93lannc ilic— 20 2^^alcr. Notice, that, contrary to 

English rule, the object of the person precedes that of the thing. Gr. 
474, 5 ; El. p. 252 (5) /9. t5amit (see p. 14, 45) belongs to ®liicf ; trans- 
late bamit ©liicf ipunfc^en, wish him good luck icith them (viz., the 20 

thalers) 20. cm^finS [from cntpfangcn, Gr. 230 (16); 285 (2); El. p. 

117, 145]. About the inversion see p. 14, 49 27. tier ^ijnirjl. ^ofjeit. 

Notice the use of the def. art. before a title, where the English use 
the possess, pron. (which would also be correct here), ^'onigL/ abbrevia- 
tion of ,Koui9lid^(cn) ; dative because personal object 22. felfifl; 

refl. pers. pron. referring to ^aubwerf er . Notice, that the word in this 
clause stands alone ; translate personally. . . . 2S. OU^f^rc^cn (sep. 
comp. irr., see p. 9, 30) ju bitrf cn (see 10) infin. with ju because gov. by 

a noun (©unfc^), see p. 16, 9 2/f-. ^\t\t "^Mit jdjiag tJcr ^rinj ob. 

For inversion see Gr. 477, 2 ; El. p. 255 ; ft^Iug — ab from at^fc^tagen, sep. 
iip. irr. [Gr. 279 (1); El. 139], see p. 15, 50. . . .25. mi ijcn Sorten. 

render saying 26. ^ft gar nidjt nijt^igf subject ba^ or ea omitted. 

27' ttJlirlJC — tiefj^amcn* first conditional gov. by a condit. clause 

understood, viz., {/^/ie s/iow^c? cZc> so 28. $^ili^. % 4.' Bible quota- 
tion, Philipp. II : 4. 

9lcitcr§ SKargcngcfttng. 

29. 0?cit?t§ SllorgcnncfnnOf see p. 15, 10. For omission of art. see p. 
16,29.. ..SO. SJlorBCnrdlf), n. s. frequently used for 5}Jor(:ienr5t|)Cf f. s. 

3/. 8cu(l)tcfi; subj. bu (refcrrino- to S'forgcnrot^) poetically omitted. 

S2. \\\\\, dat. berausG person, obj. ; see p. 10, 21 33. y^Wh see 

p. 10, 113 3/f.. %'S^, more correctly Xobe. Why the def. article 

b used here, see p. 9, 9 36. bittfcn. Gr. 230, 13 ; El. p. IIG 


Page 17. Notes :J6-48. Page 1§. Notes 1-10. 

The active voice is here poetically used for the passive iieblafcn werbciu 

i.e. to be blown, to sound 30\ laffcib here ustni .•■« a principal v. 

instead of j^uriicflaffen, is to be rendered to yield, gioc up or part with; 

see p. 11, 81 37- ViXm^tX, see p. 13, 22 ; translate here many a 

38. itaum (ifi Ci^) gclJai^t (see p. 13,37), an elliptical poetical phrase, the 
simple past part, standing instead of a full compound tense and an im- 
personal subject (e^). Render here : quick as thought. Voss, in his 
celebrated poem ,,1)01 ftebjtgtle ©cburtotag," prettily uses a similar phrase, 
viz. : ^aum gcfagt, fo entcilte 2}?aric, etc., i. e. hardly {were these words) 

spoken, when Mary hurried off, etc. (Compare Gr. 438, §.91) 39. 

JBirJ) (supply conj. fo; see p. 10, 103) {5cmar!)t» pres. ind. pass, of mad}cn, 
comp. p. 15, 8. . .4^0. tier yuft (lor dcf. art. soe p. 9, 9) may be considered 
either gen. depending upon (£nb' or dat, gov. by gcmvic^t. (Sin ©nbe mad)cn 
(with object in the dat. compare p. 16, 15) i. e. to put a stop (or an end) 

to ^/. ©cficrn not^, etc., supply roaxzn tdix — 4^. ^nik tjurdjf etc., 

supply fmb tDtr or werben wir S3, gcfdjoffcnr p. 14, 57 44. liUornfti 

(adv.) ini etc., supply fommcn tnir. Such ellipses are admissible only in 

poetry and very elevated style 4«5. f(^rtJintlct> Gr. 260 (170); El. p. 

129 46>. |jraf)lfl I>U (\in&)t poetical for obglctd) bu prat)l|l, though you 

ghry in (mit). Instead of the conj. obf(Icic^, luenuAlcic^, clM'd}ctt and iricnn== 
fc^on, entire or divided, opening a clause, Germans frequently place simply 
%\d&j or fiton after the then inverted subject and predicate. Compare 

Gr. 334, IV; Eh 179 47. Dic 3iofCiW see p. 9, 9 48. a^X for 

allc, (see p. 10, 94), attrib. to 9to[c.n. The omission of c is a poetical 

Page 1§. — /. (liU (be quiet! or siYew^ .0, an elliptical imperative fre- 
quently used ; though generally the words fci bit, feib it)r, fcien (Sie have 
to be supplied; the subject in this case is evidently 1 as in the follow- 
ing clause. Rendered best I will be quiet, therefore 2. ^Jiin' IJ^ mid); 

inversion due to Darum (see p. 10, 34; 12, 32) ; fii-^ fiii^en, v. refl. to yield. 

3. tOJ:, see p. 16, 23 4. ttliU, here not used as an auxil., but as 

an active v. gov. the ace. c5. Render the clause And yield to Ood's 

will 6. ftreit.'Hf see p. 10, 4 6. foUt' ii'u conj. wcnn omitted, s(X3 

p. 16, 20. SoIIt' is imperf. snbj. gov. by ifeim understood ; compare ]). 10, 

31. ... 7. Dcu XoJ), see p. 9, 9 8. cdcii5Cn- see p. 9, 10. ...9. 3tirOt 

from ilcrbcn, see p. 16, 36 ; supply fo or bann before the word, correspond- 
ing to wenn understood in preceding line. 

/O. Xcr ^oni;^ t^rict^rit, etc. In German tin; def. art. is used with 
proper names when dtsignatiiig a person well known, whether preceded 


Page 1§. Notes 11-5:S. 

by a common noun or not. Gr. 861 (g) //. (iib,t <Stunt)cnr ace., sc3 

p. 15, 5 /^. mar gem Damn (see p. 14, 40), render liked to stay there, 

(Gr. 321, Note 1 ; El. p. 287, Note 1.). . . ./^. ijaoe., see p. 17, 19 

/4.. i)ic ('M^lc), see p. 11, 80 /6. %mi\ni miirc, pluperf. subj. (see 6) 

of fein, see p. 9, 11. . . ,/6. :Dcan» co-ord. conj. of cause. Gr. 329, II and III ; 

El. 172. The subsequent inversion is due to tiie adv. crftltd) /7. ftcijClU 

see p. 10, 1 /8. uebcilf see p. 15, 52 /9. cinaniicr (liere gov. in 

dat. by nekn/ see 18), see p. 10, 6. Render jle^en nic^t gut nekn einanbcr* 

don't agree well J^O. obglcid)/ see p. 17, 46 3/, nidjt u5cb see p. 

14, 14 22. gcnitt^len from ntaljkn, Gr. 280 (10) ; El. p. 216 ; supply 

Ijat 23. ttJO^.S render here well ; (compare p. 11, 124) 24^. f^t" 

'mdtlU Gr. 229 ; El. p. 116. . . .^^. ahtY> see 16 (need not open a clause ; 
indeed its position varies greatly, without, however, any alteration of 

sense). Gr. 329, III, Note 20. tuenit/ here conj. of time, wlien 

27' befien* superl. of gut, see 11, 125 28. (^cMntcn. Notice the 

exceptional gender. Gr. 80 (4) ; El. 190 (4) 20. on (render here of) 

— t)Odjtf» see p. 14, 15 SO. '>jla^bttXr m. s. Notice exceptional plural. 

Gr. 42 (VI) ; El. 7 (III). . . .3/. lk}^-t{appnn, see p. 17, 5. . . .S2. ^m\l 
^a^bav. The word §err serves to express the king's superiority over 
the miller. Throughout this piece 9Zad)kr signifies the miller, ^ert 
9?ac^bar the king. The word ^err (or ^rau or ^-raukin) is in polite lan- 
guage used, as in French, before all nouns denoting persons ; in all casea 

and also in the third person, with or without article. 3S. mand)mab 

supply jlorte ^4. iJcfcr, see p. 9, 19 ^,5. @c(ti *ne 8aub (or ^tu) 

(for absence of art. see p. 14, 4), a popular phrase corresponding to the 

inelegant English " money like dirt." SO. fttuft — all from abfaufem 

Sep. comp. gov. dat. see p. 17, 25 ST- liiB-' see p. 11, 81 S8. 

niclicrrei^cn^ sep. comp. irr. see p. 12,4; 17,23. .. .S9. ttiu^tc (seep. 

11 9) toarunt; popular phrase ; render kneto ichat he was aibovt 4^0. 

cincS %aQ,t§, see p. 14, 8 4/. ^^x, see p. 14, 18 42. kgrcift/ 

see p. 9, 10 4S, beftc^cn^ see p. 10, 1. . . .44. ®tncr; for termination 

see p. 14, 44 ; translate one of us 4S. gcbt^ see p. 11, 12 40. 

SSie f)Orf| ^ttltet (see p. 10, 44) i^r C^ 'i Render TIow much do you think 

it is worth? 47- fo diet (BclD \)tiht '\%X nitf't; the object for emphasis' 

sake opening the clause, see p. 17, 24 48. mxx mein <StI){ORf see p. 

15,26 49. ©niitJinftcr (superl. to .^crr. see p. l5, 36. . . SO. fo (see 

p. 15, 7) render here then 6/. \z\{, adj. gov. dat. (mtr), see p. 10, 9 ; 

translate fic iji mix nic^t fetff it is not for sale S2. tJjot (imperf. of 

tf)un, p. 10, 66) cin ®cbot (collect, noun derived from bieten, to offer, not 
to be confounded with the same word derived from gebietcn, to command). 
Gr. 260, 124; El. p. 126. Gin ®e&ot (or Stm^d^ot, from anMetcn (tl)un, i. e. 

to make an offer .5S. ta^ ;5tDeitc uab i^ritt' (supply (3K-!^pt) for use 

of def. art. see p. 11, 30 ; before britte the art. id omittel becausa both 


Page 1§. Notes 51-70. Page 19. Notes 1-7. 

adjectives modify one and the same noun (see Gr. 364, §. G, Note) 

64.. biieOf from blcibciw Gr. 2ol (1)2); El. p. 123; Hicb bci fetuer 0iebc, ren- 
der repeated what he had said 66. J!i>ic — ]0t correl. adverb, conj. 

best rendered by a participial construction, viz. Ilacing been horn in it, 

I will, etc 60. gefaorcn (from gebaren, Gr. 240 (58) ; El. p. 119) Oil!/ 

cjo p. lOj 4G 67. jierbcitf see 9 J<9. X'o'r, (;o to be supplied bo- 
fore foOcn, see to) ; translate hero such as 6.9. crtjaltcit (see p. 10, 

44) niorDcn ifh perf. ind. pass GO. fn (obj.) mcinc 9Jo(t)fommcu 

(subject), for inversion see Gr. 477 (o) ; El. p. 255 (3) O/. ouf tl)V 

(viz. t>cr ^I'?i'tt)lc), render in it. With reference to estates, factories and 
establishments in contradistinction to mere dwelling-houses, the prep, 
auf is mostly used instead of in, c. g. Quf fccm GHtte, ouf bcr 3»^^rif,, auf bcr 
9Jiut)(c, upon the farm, in the factor?/, in the mill (Gr. p. 453, II, 5) 

03. ifjrer refers to 9t'ad)fomnien 03. ^o, see p. 10, 34 04. iio()m 

— m from anuebmcn, sep. com p. irr., see 38 ; p. 10, 62 06. crjlftljottcrc, 

see p. 10, 10. Kender the clause: cltlC cmftljaftcrc <2pra (;c OUUC()mi'n, 

to assume a more decided tone 00. SJi^t (see p. 11,9) i^r oud) ; for 

inversion see Gr. 476, §. 109, 1. a ; El. 190, 1. a). Slud), like JDol)! (see p. 
11, 124) and fiton (see p. 10, 95) is often idiomatically used, especially in 
interrogative sentences for the sake of emphai;is, and is then to be omit- 
ted in English. Konderhere: Are you o.ware? ...07- tofivcnf see p. 

15,47 08. 6red)C — a& from abbrcd^cn, sep. comp. see p. 14, 23 ; 17, 

25. . . .00. 9iCt)mt (imperat. supply subject i()r) from uc()mcn, see 64 

70. oDft/ CO ord. conj. see 25 and 16. 

Page 19. — /. uncrfrfjrorfcnCf comp. of nn (sec p. lO, 75) and past 
part, of crHi)recfen, (Gr. 240 (44); El. p. 119) used as adj. Compare 

Gr. 440 2. ®ut Bcfaftt, see p. 17, 38 S. ottcrgnttUinftcr (see 18, 

49) : the word aller (gen. pL of all) is in German often placed before su- 
perlatives for the sake of emphasis, e. g. allerbcil, hest of all, etc 

4. miirc. The verb iciu is here used in its absolute sense; render to 

exist 6. ndmlitl), t)afj cv c5 luoflc nuf— .mfommcn laffcn, render: 

meaning, that he iconld run the risk of. The clause opened by bay-, 
because explaining the miller's words, must be considered as governovl 
by crn)icbcrte, which grammatically it is not ; hence bap with the subj. 
Why the auxil. (a^oUc) precedes, se;; Gr. 478, If, Exception ; El. 200, Ex- 
ception O. foitntc (see p. 9, 35)— fein. In this and similar phrases 

the verb fijnnen has a peculiar idiomatic signification, referring rather to 
mental qualities occasionally shown than to the ability of persons. It is 
best rendered by expressions like to know how to, or by adverb. ])hrases 
like at times, oc^anion.allii , etc. E. g. fie fann imtriberilcblicb fcin, kIic knows 
how to make hersdf ir resistible ; cr fonnte iibcraud anabii^ fein, he was at 
tim^s extremely condescending, etc 7- otfo i)a9» translate so that. 



Page 19. Notes S-40. 

8. ^era^aftigfcit and gfrcimiit^igfclt. see p. 10, 73 9. fcincr re- 
fers to 9)iuIIer previously mentioned fO. XiVMi\i\%, adj. contr. from 

prefix mt§ (corresponding to the Engl, mis and dis) and gefallig (derived 
from i^efallcn, see p. 9, 12); gov. the dat., analogous to an)lo§ig or laftio; 

see 10, 9 //. ttJO^lgC^Ch imperf. of tt)0^lgefallcn, sep. comp. (of 

adv. iuo|)I and fallen, irr. v.) /2. Ite^ (not auxil, here), see p. 17, 3G; 

render left fS. tjon iJicfcr ^eit OH/ henceforth. The prep, an is 

often, in an adverbial capacity, connected with other prepositions, espe- 
cially ijoit/ to which it then imparts a more direct and distinct bearing 
to a certain place or time, e. g. ijorn an, at the head; ^inten an, in the 
rear ; ijon ^ier an, from this spot hence ; i>cn jci^t an, henceforth, etc., etc. 
The adv. ijorn is nothing but a contract, of the prep. t>or and an; but 
this does not, however, impede its being once more employed with an. 

/4. unangefodjten, seel fS. unterljiclt from unteHalten, insep. 

comp. irr. see p. 10, 44 /6. abcr, see p. 18, 25 /7. tJarf from 

bitrfen, see p. 17, 10 /8. ft^on, (see p. 10, 95) render here indeed 

f9. 9tff|icct l^ttben bor — , translate to ha'ce respect for or to respect. 

30. etnem foll^en; about the declension see Gr. 194, IV; El. 72. 

. . . .2/. §crrn ^tn^Ux, see p. 18, 32. 

22. ttJttt f a(\cn, poetical inversion, not allowed in prose. Gr 478, §. 110 ; 
El. 200. . . .23. ^ie ©lOifc iJie. A popular idiom, to take up and repeat, 
witliin the same clause, a preceding noun by the corresponding def. art. 
Goethe, in his Slobtentanj, uses a similar phrase, viz. X)er 2)tt>nb iJcr ^at 

SllleiJ in^ ^eUe (jehad)t 24-. ^ot— f^ef Jf]lagct!/ perf. of fd)Iac;cn, see p. 

15, 50 26, oc()t, see p. 10, 29. . . .26. in'g (contr. of in ba^) JBctt; tor 

use of def art. see p. 12, 42 27- tuev, rel. pron. preceding the do. 

monst. (bcr) to be supplied before ©c^Iaf. Gr. 201, IV ; El. 84 2S. 

j;Ut ©fSwiffen; see p. 12, 16 29. 8d;laf for fd)lafe ; in German 

the subj. is sometimes used instead of the imperative to express a wish. 

(Gr. 422, §.77) SO. {jcitcr §lU0% see 28 S/. Uic ^m^ 9lO£f;t, 

ace. s-e p. 15, 5 S2. f\\^\, from ftt^cn, see p. 15, 16 S3, fci'v— 

gcfagt instead of ircvbe e^ gcfagt. Gr. 171 * ; El. p. 109 * 34-. ^ViVX 

Ic^tcn SUal, FOR the last time (Compare Gr. 463, 15.) 36. '§ ifl 

I^O^C Seit, render literally 't is high time 36. j^cb', see 29 37. 

btr refers to |)er^ apostrophized 38. 9?lo(l)' (see 29) froi^ i)t(^ ttliei»cr» 

poetical inversion for Wladjt bic^ wieber fro^ 39. Sotan?, prop. 

noun without art. gen. sing. Gr. 67, 2 and * ; El. 14 (1). Notice its 
position So. gs3tU'/ poetical abbrev. of SBiUcn. 


Page 20. Notes 1-36. 

Page 20.—/. ^!^ miU'5 nt(^t doffCHf render I {will) Jwpe not 

S. gc|d)ie|/t'i?'; coiij. loenn omitted, see p. IG, 20. About the verb see p. 

15, 35 3. (3t\)\ imperat, ; supply bii/ referring to Dieb apostropliized. 

^. fic^t't^f see p. 9,5 6. c^'i^ (contr. of c^c and c§) no^ togt, 

(Gr. 311, I ; El. 158), render even before it dawns 6. I^tn (see p. 11, 

78) is often used in po])ular language to express the idea of lost or gone, 

7. 2Ba£i (for ujarum) ttiibft Du i)cincn Siiini* Render Why (do you) 

iroiible yourself? 

<^. oUc CctttC. (Gr. 64 *; El. p. 241 f.) 9. mmvxtX, popular for 

nidjt or ni(^t mt^Xt from old morner, mod. nic— mc!)V. Render this 

clause: or else I cannot endure my pains /O. licf» seo p. 11, 95 

//. tt'intX, adj., see p. 14, 44 /2. Gjatlg^ m. s., derived from (5cl)cn 

(see p. 10, 29) ; render here visit /3. ^ronfcn/ see p. 9, G /^. 

eiacn ©alDcnr ace gov. by fojlet, one of a class of words with which the 
ace. is used to mark definitely the measure, amount, or distance indi- 
cated by them. (Gr. 385, §. 23.). .../6. tUO^l (see p. 11, 124), render 

here by auxil. may f6. gcltctl — \}XX, translate to he considered, or 

valued (as) /7. bci (compare p. 14, 51), render here with /c9. 

tcr (f:rDc ; for use of def. art. see p. 12, 42 /,9. ouf tcm SBcgc^ see 

p. 9, 21. The inversion of aiif bem SBege jum briltcn T)ottdx is not usual. 

^O. fu^r — tJOrbci, imperf. of tJOlbcifa!)rcn. sep. comp., see p. 15, 77. 

^/. oilf render by, or omit altogether ^^. ^itii, (from l^alten, 

see p. 10, 44)— fiir, render' took— for ^S. hJOljI (see p. 11, 124), 

translate here probably ^4-. ob — c^UiH), see p. 17, 46 J^S. ton^U, 

from »{|Ten, see p. 11, 9 ^6. f:i, compare Gr. 421, §. 72, 2, and g. 73 

with Gr. 421, §. 71 ^7- ^a&iU, from bcnfcn, see p. 13, 37 ^6*. 

SciJ)/ imperat,, subject i^r understood, but never expressed in prose 

^9. 2)er \affV3 fur.J (literally 7ie grasps it short), a i)opular phrase taken 
from the handling of tools. Render : he makes short icork, or 7ic is to the 

point SO. bcfommcn; see p. 14, 19 S/. urn (translate for) tJCU 

i^rcu^CTf taken as an abstract noun, see p. 9, 9 S^. X^ufSf see p. 

10, 66 ; e(3 t^un is a common phrase meaning to be enough, or si/fficient. 
33. ^tnon^iflcr* m. s., derived from jiwanug (Gr. 152, Rem.; El. p. 181, 

N.), 1. e. a piece of 20 kreuzers, or one-third of an Austrian guilder 

34-. oui^, see p. 18, 66. Translate the whole clause: Wo^ddn't 20 
kreuzers dof... 35. tie5 (9elU?§/ gen. gov. by benotl)t;i.t, see p. 13, 1. 
. . . .36. iljm bcr ^aifcr» etc. see p. 18, 60. . . .37- lic^ (see p. 17, 5) ft^7 
dat. sing, referring to ilaifcr, gov. by bcfd)rcibcn (see p. 14, 5) ; Gr. 251, 
100 ; El. p. 123, see p. 10, 32. Translate made him describe. 


Page 21. Notes 1-43. 

Page 21.—/. ^cifet (from ^ei§en, liere neuter v. ; Gr. 252 (108) ; EL 
p. 133); and tUO^ltt; about the indicative see Gr. 421, §.71, 1 ; El. 122, 

N 2. ftiringt (see p. 9, 24); fpringen is a popular South German 

expression for to liurry^ or to run. In lively narration the present is in 

German as in English often substituted for the usual imperf. 3. Jicr 

lic&C ^^iit see p. 13,38 ^. UJoUc (used here analogous to ntoge); 

the subj. is required by the verb bcten (here analogous to tittett) ; see 

Gr. 420, b. Compare also p. 14, 37 6. JJOC^f see p. 11, 57. Render 

the whole: was 'praying to Ood, not to forsake her 6. fd^rtf see p. 

20, 20 7' tierpttt^ here used as a refl. v. (ficfc) 8. ttlfo i)0^» see 

p. 19, 7 9. man (see p. 15, 20), render here o?i6, because the rela- 
tive clause (war, etc.) depends upon it /O. xt^i, adv., translate 

here well. ...//. crfcniteitf see p. 14, 47 /2. barunt/ render here 

for the purpose /S. anfa^f from anfe^en, see p. 10, 60 /4. ju 

Ucr franfcit ^rau in i(jr (Stu&Icin (see p. 10, 84 ; 13, 23), into the sick 

woman's garret /S. tamt see p. 14, 19 /6. mtint pres., see 2. 

//. C§ \d, see p. 20, 26 /S. UtttftttniJf render here condition, 

or difficulty ; in this sense the word is mostly used in the plural ; in the 

sing, it generally means fact 79. toic (for Jia^) fit— fci» gov. by 

erja^It ; compare p. 14, 37 20. Xiis^^ — "DabCf* render moreover 2/, 

Ijftcgenf here used as a refl. v. {\\6:f) 22. fbnitC; see 19 2S. tjcr* 

fdjreikn, see p. 20, 37 2^. fort ((iegongcn) ttJtttf see p. 14, 30 

26. nii^t toenigf see p. 14, 14 26. X)cr ^oftor, see p. 20, 31 

27' C0 \th etc., gov. by entfc^ulbigte ftc^, which is taken analogous to 

fagte. 28. tmtx (viz.. Doctor), see p. 14, 44 29. JJogclBCfcn, past 

jjart. of tlofein, sep. (see p. 9, 11) forms perf. subj. with fei SO. l|o6c 

— 'iJerorJJncl, see 23 3/. auf, render for 32. tier §ttntff see p. 9, 

28 33. m\^m, see p. 10, 62 34-. gctnefen. supply fei. The 

auxil. of comp. tenses may be omitted in subordinate sentences. . . .36. 

T^a^ fitr nXiiWt see p. 14, 38 36. t3a0 fiir ^ittcn* for absence of 

art. see Gr. 210, IV ; El. 90 37- '\\]x fcttE— in tJtc ^ttntic gcfottem 

render literally you have filleii into the hands of For use of auxil. fein 

instead of ^aOcii see p. 14,23 38. JU cr^C&cn may be considered 

either the fut. part. pass, (with termination ts emitted ; Gr. 442, §. 94 ; 
El. 209) ; attrib. to ©olDlludc, or the infin. with ju, gov. by jjerorbnet; the 

latter construction is the simpler 39. untcit an (compare p. 19, 13), 

render simply underneath 40. cinc folf^C; see p. 19, 20 4/. 

ViW i&i — t3erfrlirei&en fbnnen. Notice the infin. of the a^xil. of mode is 
used instead of the past part. (Gr 111, VI ; 429, §. 85 ; El. 135.). . . . 
42. \^<\i rincn Slid. In popular language the verb tl)un is often inele- 
gantly used to denote bodily motion or utterance, e. g. einen (Bc^rci 
t^un, to cry out ; etncn 58U(f t^un, to cast a glance ; eincn (Sprung tljun, to 
jump, bound 43. ttJUrtJC — au^9c;a{)It, imperf. ind. pasa of Gitfjal;lcn, 


Page 21. Notes 44-55. Page 22. Notes 1-17. 

Sep. comp J^^. licrii;affcn requires the reflex, pron. fid) in the dat. 

Gr. 305, II; El. 157; see p. 10, G3. ...AS. \\\ ItJCnifiCIt Xugcn; about 

the inflection see Gr. 150, V, 2; El. 50 (2) J^6. t)Cr ^ttifcr tlic ttrittC, 

supply '^at — t^rau gc^cilt from preceding clause. 

%\t fcltfamcn 9Hcttf(^cn. 

J^7' trcffUd;'/ hero adv., translate considerably J^S. umgefclj'lt 

(supply [jattc), pluperf. ind. of fid) umfe()en (see p. 9, 5 ; p. 11, 111). Gr. 
305 ; El. p. 2C2. Render to traml. The omission of the auxil. [ciu and 

I)abcn in comp. tenses of subord. sentences is quite usual with poets 

Jj-O. %\t %xtyxxC^t, see p. 9, 28 60. fdjaarcntocife ; for composition 

of this adv. see Gr. 320, VII J/, fo ^flcgt t% JU gcf(^e()'ll, such is the 

custom. In German many verbs besides those indicating natural phe- 
nomena are used impersonally. Frequently they are best rendered into 
English by neuter or passive yeibs, especially if followed by a pers. pron. 

Gr. 312, III ; El. 160 6^. I^tc^ C0 (render it was said, or people said), 

imperf. of l)cipcn ; see 1 and notice diflerent signification ; the word is 

often used impersonally like the French on disait, imperf. of on clit 

63. Un§ frcut (supply c§), a—^i'-j'- impers. v. Gr. 313, N.; El. ]). 236, 

N 6^. Ijon Oanjcr Sccic (see p. 14, 4), translate inost sincerely. 

66. cr30^Ic> imperat., the subject (bit) is simply understood, see p. 

20, 28. 

Page 22.—/. hjorllf see p. 12, 6 2. xd^i is, as in English, 

often used merely for the sake of emphasis in interrogative and exclam- 
atory sentences, e. g. 1)1 bae nic^t fd)ini ! isn't theit pretty ! S. ft^icitctt, 

from fi)elncn, see p. 15, 65 Ja. big in bic f^iitc 9lod)^ until late at night 

6. \stx 9WunD (see p. 9, 9; supply wirb) nij^t nof; nenitt^tf not a 

mouth is moistened, i. e. they do not drink, ]\xs,% so the preceding clause 

refers to eating G. C0 fbnntcn, etc. Gr. 313, IV ; El. 161 .... 7- MIU 

flJ IjCtf see p. 11, 36 8. i)tc ^Oltncrfctl: (subject) blitjCHf rather 

poetical ; render: thunder and lightning might rage around them. . . .0. 

ShJCi §ccr'» supply fountcn um fie l)cr from preceding line /O. foUt' 

QUd), etc. ; conj. ivcim (aud}) omitted ; see p. 10, 20 //. tier §immrlf 

see p. 9, 62 /2. fciltClt (Sinfoll Droljn (for brpl)cn), translate threaten 

to fall /3. Dlicbcil, imperf. suhj. of Hcibcn, instead of first condit. ; 

see p. 16, 18 /^. unj^cfti)r(c)t» comp. of negat. prefix Ull and past 

part, of fioren, see p. 19, 1 ; render undisturbed. . . ./6. filjctl (see p. 15, 

16); the infin. is used without ui after t^lcibcn. Gr. 4*37, c /(j. Id^t 

filft — (jbrcib render may be heard. The use of a reflex, form instead of 
the passive is, as in French, quite frequent, e. g. bav? ycrilclu fid\ t7tat w 
understood /7- au0 i^rcm SWuntJCr here sing, because used coll«)C- 



Page 22. Kotes 1§-4C Page 2ii, Notes 1-10. 

tively, lendar from tJteir mouth /S. tier refers to 2aut, not 2)?unbc. 

/9. jufammenpRgt/ of pfammen'^angcn, v. n. sep. comp. Gr. 231 (18) ; El. 

p. 117; see p. 11, 118 ^O. ot— f^on> conj. divided, see p. 17, 40 

JS/» tirg is often inelegantly used in popular language instead of fctjr. 

^^. matt; see p. 15, 20. Render whole phrase: I was often seen 

standing beside them in astonishment .2S, ^ing^ render things; tlie 

use of 2)ing in a collective sense, in the sing., is antiquated 2^, 

gcfi^ic^t, see p. 15, 35 26. fjinjugc^eii (see p. 10, 112 ; p. 11, 78), to 

go th&re 26. ft^cn, fe^en prevents the use of %\x, see p. 9, 10 27 * 

SritiJCt, render here brethren 28. ©cbcrbctl, f.s., though collective. 

Gr. 80, 4 ; El. 190, 4 29. mir— au0 iJem ©cmiit^c fommca (trans- 
late here : Til never be likely to forget), see p. 9, 21 SO, ^tc refers 

to ©eberben S/. an i^nen, best not translated here 32. iJat'ci 

(see p. 21, 20), render also or too S3, ^ie, see p. 10, 38 3/,-, 

@cft(itern, about the plural see Gr. 83, XI ; El. 194 35. 8ic 

fd)tenen — glcid) (see 3), translate they seemed to resemble S6. ba^ 

ft^ltJOr' [Gr. 263 (154) ; El. p. 127] \i) eUi^ ! interjection ; render I asmre 

you! or I vow/ 37- Wn SButlj— an ®rnft etc., translate in their 

rage — in their gravity, etc 38. bcit iJuricn — ticn ^bttcnrij^tcm, 

dat. gov. by glcii^; see p. 10, 9 3.9. 2fliffetf)atcrn of $Wiffetbater, m. 

s.. Miscreant, criminal, derived from 2)tiffet^at, f. s., Misdeed, crime, comp. 
of prefix mtg (see p. 19, 10 ; prolonged in this exceptional instance after 

the Middle High German mlffe and 3;^at, f. s , derived from t^un) 

^O, So, render here (?r e/«d 4-/. tier SScifcil Stcttt (see p. 10,25), 

the stone of wisdom S2, lJe3 ^ithU liBicrccf (see p. 10, 25), the 

quadrature of the circle (a problem of great celebrity in the history of 

mathematical science) 4^3. ^nt3CIt» see p. 11, 7 44-, QaVt render 

even 4^5. berluirrt for ^mMt, crazy 4-6, niftjt — nodi ^o^ J^^bcr 

— nod). 

Page 23. — /. ^n refers to ^rii'^Iing 2. rtel^r^ adv. to [.\l); render 

any more 01 any longer 3. ^^Ittf dat. -jov. by foljt (see p. 10, 46), 

p. 16, 15 4^. tVO^tn tV ^ic^h render wherever he moves or goes. . . . 

S. lautcr^ here adv. pleonastically used together with nur, which has 

the same meaning. Translate nur lauter, nothing but 6. @ro§ unb 

mctn» adj. used as nouns, see p. 9, 6. For absence of article see p. 14, 4. 
®rop unb ^lein form an apposition explanatory to 5lllen/ and ought to 
agree with it in case (dat.) ; this omission of declension is a poetical 
license. But the words may also be taken together as an adverbial 

phrase 7- SBog> popular abbrev. of Stwa^ 8. tltitflcBrttt^t (forms 

perfect with auxil. |at), see p. 15, 56 O. foflt'S^ imperf. subj. gov. by 

conj. mm omitted ; see p. 16, 20 ... . /O, m — gctia^tr see p. 18, 29 


PAGii !2;J. NoTKS 11-26. Page 24. Notes 1-10. 

// frifrf) l^innuS/ an exhortative interjection ; translate hurry out into, 

etc /^. 61if6c for witrbe (or ntocfitc) Mciben; see p. 23, 13 /3. J)o# 

hero used as au adv. of time ; render then or now. 

^cr flctnc ©orfcn^anblcr. 

/^. G';v see p. 22, 6 /5. frnf— an, see p. 14,22 /6. nkt is 

in German often idiomatically used for the simple purpose of connecting 
sentences, and is then without any meaning //. lici' — i*tflt)tf appo- 
sition to SSerlin gov. in the dat. by bei ; see G /8. bot/ see p. 11, 55. 

... /9. i^m— objufoufcnf see p. 18, 3G 20. tuodon (see p. 13, 28)— 

nanjflt ^Orrot^; render a considerable stork of ichich, etc. The adj. (^m 
is often idiomatically used to express the idea of considerable quanity. 

2/ bcJJttrf from tcbiirfcn, see p. 17, 10 ; governs here the ^gu. (bcr 

SSaarc), in common conversation frequently the ace. ; see p. 10, 90 

22. ginn (see p. 10, 29) hlfitcr, render went on. Although a great 
many adverbs serve to form sep. compound verbs, it is not always 
necessary to call a verb compound wlien, in the course of a sentence, an 
adv. is found connected with it, since verbs are often Cf)nnected with 
various adverbs at a time, every one of which retains its own distinct 

power 23. Iscgoim from kginnen, Gr. 271 (181) ; El. p. 129. Supply 

ju fagcn, like in English to say 2^. fortlaufcilt), pres. part, of fort^ 

laufcn, see p. 11, 95. Notice, that the prefix fort has not here its usual 

meaning oi away or off, but denotes along 25, fo is frequently used 

to open phrases of entreaty ; translate pray or 'please 26. fcofJv see 

p. 11, 57. 

Page 2-1.—/. J)ic IJ^JamfcII (contr. of the French " madcmoisdle ;" 
vulgarly for graulciu), stands for bicfc 5)Jamfcfl ; tin; an adv. of place may 
in German be immediately connected with a noun ; in English it forms 

a vulgarism, e. g. that 'ere miss 2. tJ?r Skater; the substitution of the 

def. art. for the possess, pron. before nouns denoting near relatives 
(analogous perhaps to proi)er or to abstract nouns) is usual among 

children in Germany 3. W\, see p. 14, 51 Z-. pc&rcljcn (supply 

fci to form perf.) from Blciben, here used euphemistically like fallen for 

to die or fall 6. (^cfi^JDiftcVf only used in plural, has no reference 

to sex. Translate cr l)abc noc^, etc., there were still two smaller children 

(in the family) 6. nail|, after fragcn and similar verbs render for or 

Bimply by the ace 7- fur tlO0 ^tiitf, render a-piece (Gr. 8^9, §. 1, 1). 

In Gennan the def. art. is used before nouns denoting measure, weight, 
etc., when the price is spoken of 8. jcljn %\)^\tX. here in the ace com- 
pare Gr. 384, 5 9 oil aBcrflj, render in value /O. ;^a bas a dif- 
ferent meaning hero than in 9, 52 ; it implies an objection or hesitation 


Page '21, Notes li-dO. 

on the part of tlie speaker; translate but //. k|a^ from kfe^cn, see 

p. 9, 5 /5. ^erttUggebeu— auf (of money), to change, make change for. 

/S. mctntCf from nteiuen, frequently used in German for fagen 

f4-. nur is often used idiomatically in exhortative and imperative 
phrases without any distinct meaning ; render liere : cr fottte ei3 nur bc=* 

fallen, he had better keep it /6. nai^, see 6 /6. iJeren* gen. fem. 

sing, of demonst. pron. ber, Gr. 195 ; El. 76 /7. f:^tc— fort. from fort>' 

fe^en, to conti/iue /<9. iikriic^ from iibcr^affen, insep. comp /O. 

Staunen and (Ent^uienf both infin. nouns; see p. 9, 21 ^O. 0Utc;i 

StttllDc. The adj. gut in connection with nouns denoting time, measure, 
weight, etc., means fuU or a little over ; translate here after an hour or 

80. ...2/. trat from tretcn, Gr. 238, 35; El. p. 119 22. armUtftc 

for arnic or armfelige. The suffix ltd) (like ly in English) joined to 
adjectives, often serves to modify or weaken, to a certain extent, the 
original meaning, e. g. gut, good ; guttid), kind ; arm, 'poor ; armlic^, humfi- 

ble 23. Dcff en (gen. of relat. pron. bcr, see p. 9, 16)— JjamttUgc, 

adj. derived from an adv. Gr. 322, X ; El. 167 24-. ttlttrctt C0 gc^ 

tOCfcn^ 3d pers. pi. pluperf. ind. of the impers. phrase c§ ifl; construe as 
follows: e(3 tx)arcn gewefen bcr — ^bnig unb — %G6)izx, — benen (rel. pron.). . . . 

26. gcfanilt ^attc, plnperf. of fenben, Gr. 242, 65; El. p. 120 26. 

urn— ju linlJernf see p. 17, 11 27. i^r iiic ^^riincn, see p. 9, 28 

28. gefattenen^ see 4 . . .29. Icuti'teit; (from lauten, generally used with 
reference to testimony, criticism, judgment, etc., and best rendered by 
to speak (with adv.) or to be (with adj.) 3U t|)rcm !iiotc, translate were in 
her fawr or to her credit. 

so. ®Qi\, dat. gov. by n)Dl)Igefamgen (see p. 19, 11) S/. btttut 

antiquated (poetical) for broI)t ; the conj unction wenn aud) is omitted ; see 

p. 16, 20 32. nod^ fo fc^r^ render ever so much 33. fireut cr 

(sye 31) um^en from um^erflreuen, sep. comp. to scatter. . . .34. i§ mu^ 
— lt)CrD?n, see p. 21, 51 . . .36. tiriingcn (see 31) — Stdl'^ bere used as a 

refl. v., to crowd (v. n.) ; see p. 13, 17 36. Sonne, Gr. 77, Exc; El. 

p. 243, Exc. . . .37' ttJClfct (cinmal)* the pres. is employed instead of fut. 
near at hand, and when the time is especially indicated by an adverbial 
expression, or when the certainty of a future event is expressed with 

emphasis. (Gr. 412, §. 62, Note 4) 38. Sltt0 for Mafet, imperat of 

Mafcu; Gr. 230, 13; El. p. 116 39. nur, see 14 40. mivfofl (C0) 

niiJ)t fittnt^en. The verb neuter l>angen, to be afraid, admits of different 
uses. Here it is employed as an impers. v. gov. the dat. (nttr) ; but it is 
also construed, in the same capacity, with the ace. (mid) IJanv3t'i;J); it is 


Page 2-1. Note 41. Page 25. Notes 1-35. 

furthermore poetically used as a refl. verb [Jii) bangen) 4-/. ^arob^ 

obsolete form for Daruber, 

Page 25.—/. iibcr 9la^i, see p. 14, 4 ^. ^ommt— gc^ttitgcn, 

verbs of motion employed with the verb f ommen stand in the past in- 
stead of the present participle (Gr. 438, §. 90) S, S&tif^, conj. unb or 

the pron. fie poetically omitted S, mie iljr 0Cfd)C^cn; supply subject 

ed and auxil. ijl to form perf. The verb (see p. 15, 35) is here used imper. 

sonally and gov. the dat. ; compare p. 24, 40 J. moHitCf see p. 11, 90. 

.. . . tf. mt from fled)ten. Gr. 258, 113 ; El. p. 125. . . . 7. m tn'g ^ttttr, 

see p. 10, 63 S. fdjmufft fil^; this verb, unlike that preceding, is 

used reflexively 9. ©ruiintcilt, dim. of ?8runncn, m. s. Nouns ending 

in en do not often form diminutives ; but if they do, they drop that syl- 
lable, e. g. fallen, box, dim. ^aflc^en, etc /O. a\§ to'dxcn, conj. wenn 

omitted //. c§, Gr. 181, IV (1) ; El. 56. . . /^. ^rcutJCnjii^rCttf nom. 

pi. of Srcubcnjd^rc, (comp. of t^rcubc, f. s. and S^tJ^e^ same root as tear), 

f. s. poetical for 3:^rane /S. ftJCnn — ttUd^r conj. usually divided. 

/4. iJtr bttngt uniJ graut, (supply subject ea), see p. 24, 40 /J. 

^U fcif see 10 /G. 9lnv, see p. 24, 14 /7- unUer^tt^t, here adv. 

/S. ttttf, render here in /9. tjcrtrout the past part, accom- 
panied by a negation is, in German, frequently used instead of the 
imperat. (Gr. 438, §. 92). 


^O. fo fiir mldi l^tn» literally 80 for myself along ; the word fo is 
strikingly expressive of perfect unconcern ; translate the whole " I 

sauntered through the forest alone by myself." -5/. ju fttd^cn, gov. 

by ©inn which means here aim, object, purpose 22. fa^ — ftc^ett/ see 

p. 22, 26 23. 5lcU0lcitt, dim. of Sluge, n. s 24-. brci^cn, see p. 

14, 23, translate to pluck 26. fcilt, here adv., means in a thin, 

whispering voice 26. jum SBcIfcn for urn ju tv»clfcn, see p. 11, 115 

27- QCbrot^CU (see 24) fcin (instead of trcrben), see p. 15,40 2S. 

grub — aug, imperf. of audgraben, see p. 15, 50 29. ttUcit i)cn. Notice 

def. art. Gr. 155, II ; El. 47 SO. SBurjlcin, dim. of SBurjcI, rarely 

used; frequently d)en is used 3/. trug* conjugated like graben, see 

28 S2. tttn ^ubf(§en ^au^, render near ihs pretty house Sii. 

fo, see 20. 

Memento Mori. 

»f 4. Memento Mori (lat.) Remember Death! 3,5. beS- The 

def. art. usually omitted before names of places (see p. 15, 19) is here 


Page 25. Notes JJO, 37. Page 26. Notes 1-2§. 

demanded by the principal clause attrib. to 3crufalem^. Regarding the 

construction of the sentence see p. 16, 59 36. genottttttcn, past 

part, (see 35) of ne^men, see p. 10, 63 37- 2o|jfcr, etc.; supply 

(£r t»ar; ellipses like this are only excusable in animated and poetical 


Page 26.—/. ^uniJCtt, see p. 12, 28 2. ftnti— OuffictUtt^rtf see 

p. 15, 46 3. fij^; dat. gov. by gleid), see p. 22, 38; ft(^ gleic^ Meiben, 

translate to remain unchanged ^. l^at forms perf. with ge^a'bt, gov- 
erning direct obj. (fo gcfunbe aBegriffe) in the ace 6. gclutittig, adj 

attrib. to er, with gen. see p. 13, 1 6. lag from Uegen, see p. 15, 30. 

7. kfa^I, see p. 17, 16 8. Stott, here prep, used for an|latt 

9. gefiot, imperf. of gcbietett, see p. 18, 52 W. gctuirfclt tucrlien 

tourtie/ first cond. pass, used here for the first fut. subj. (g. w. werbe); such 

substitutions are extremely frequent and proper in German //. -^tV 

gcit and rufcn, infin. all depending upon folic 72. VXt\i, etc., see 

p. 18, 47 73. nimmt— mit from mitnc^men, see p. 15, 25. 

S(kyattbcr'§ 95crma(^tntf?» 

/^. jiarfi from jlerkn, see p. 16, 36 75. W ^tttttJ i^ttt, see p. 9, 

21 and 28 76. Hc^ (for Itepc, imperf. subj.) ^ttttgcn, (see p. 22, 19) ; 

notice poetical inversion //. prttltgcit, infin. for pres. part. seep. 

22, 26 78. mbc^tcn, for subj. see p. 10, 31 ; for peculiar signification 

of the verb here see Gr. 404, §. 55, 1, 2; El. 132 79. ^anbctt Iccr, 

the latter is adj. attrib. to the former ; both the transposition and the 

omission of declension are poetical licenses ; compare p. 23, 6 

20. fci auxil. to gegangem from ge^en, to form perfect 27. Dc0 ttU^ 

n?ttteiucn SSegS^ a peculiar form of gen. absolute idiomatically used 
after certain verbs, where in English we employ the nom. or objective 

with or without prep. (Gr. 376, §. 17) 22. I^afic (subj. pres.) auxil. 

to geh'ac^t to form perf. The inversion here and in 20 is only admissible 
in poetry. 

23. ftnn* from ftnttcn (comp. p. 25, 21). Gr. 271 (187) ; El. p. 129. . . . 
2/f-. SBo— l^cr ? 2Bo— i)m ? Here Is a striking illustration of the orig- 
inal meaning and power of these peculiar particles; compare p. 11. 78 

and 86 and translate Whence— Wliither. 25. ^clfcn 8d}008 (for 

(Srf)DDp) ; see p. 10, 25 26. u6cr 95(um' «ntl Wl(^0§, see p. 14, 4 

27- Spic^tl, m. s., when speaking of water, means the smooth, mirror- 
like surface 28. frcuitDUl^, see p. 12, 16. 


Page 27. Notes l-HO, 

Page 2T.— /. m ixtiU mid), see p. 21,51 ^. toci^ nti^t see 

p. 25, 3; subject id) omitted S. Xct—'^Ct, correl. pron., the first 

being relative, the second demonstr. ; see p. 13, 40 4. gcrufcn (sup- 
ply auxil. ^at) from rufen, see p. 9, 25 S. iJcnf il|/ this clause is 

inverted because preceded by the subject of the subord. clause which 
opens the sentence for the sake of emphasis. 

^rjtt^luttQ ttuS bcm 8WotgcnIanbc* 

e. ijcr XnxUi ; about the art. see Gr. 72, IX, II ; El. 17 (II) ... . 7- ttich 
— ab from abtreiben, sep. comp. irr.,8ee p. 14,7, tJOlt flJ^ need not be 

translated, being expressed by ab 8. toarf (from werfen, Gr. 240, 

57 ; El. p. 120) i^n mit cincm Stcine, render threw a stone at him 

P. dcrlJro^ eg, imperf indie, of Dcrbrte^en, Gr. 261 (141) ; El. p. 126, here 

used impersonally; gov. the ace. (3lUe) /O. crrat^cn, Gr. 231, 20 ; 

El. p. 117 //. auf^ot) from autleben, Gr. 258. 114 ; El. p. 125 

/5. O^nc — 3U fttgcitf JU is used before the infin. after the prepositions 
O^nc, (Itttt and onfttttt. (Gr. 427, §. 81, c). . . . /S. Die Xofl^C, see p. 9, 

28 /4. baraitf rendered of it, but best omitted here altogether 

/S. i^n. viz. ben (Stein /&. tjon nun an> see p. 19, 13. ... 77- fo 

means here in his pocket ; translate the clause: that he would constantly 

carry it about /8. IWat^ ^a^r untJ 3^09 (see p. 14, 4) render many 

years after this /9. fj^lei^ten Streil^, literally a had trick, \\evQ 

used euphuistically for crime 20. berlufitg' gov. gen. (SBcrmogend); 

see p. 13, 1. 2/. na^ Dortiper Sittc^ render according to tJie customs 

of that country 22. jur Sl^au unt> 8(^aniJe, a proverbial alliteration, 

translate as an ignominious example 23. rcitcn (see p. 14, 52), gov. 

by niu§te 24-. fc^lte C3 nirfjtf here used impersonally with the prep. 

ttn. 'Vr&n^AnXe there was no lack of. 25. ^ufdjaucrttf derived from 

jufi^auen (see p. 9, 19), comp. of ju {on or at) and fc^auen. Render specta- 
tors or lookers-on 26. ftan^ — cbcn — UO/ translated happened to stand 

near 27- ertanntc, see Gr. 242 (62) ; El. p. 120. . . .28. fu^r, see p. 

20, 20. The verb fa^rcu in German has a very wide use, being employed 
to denote all kinds of quick and sudden movements, even metaphori- 

C-illy 29. griff from grcifcn, sec p. 9, 10 SO. \^ish from :^cbcnf see 

11 3/. frljon (see p. 10, 95) liere best rendered hy actually 

32. unt — ja Inerfcn, see p. 11, 115 33. hJtc— nehJarnt translate 

warned, as it mere 3^. c^ fann— antler^ tUCrDcn* render things may 

change 36. CBrr— Den see p. 13, 40 36. tiir, dat. gov. by 

nii^en, see p. 11, 70 37- llii^tg for nid)t, see p. 14, 40. . . . 38. Dir 

fiftaiJCnf see p. 11, 70 30. natljtranen (with the object of the pers. in 

the dat. and the obj. of the thing in the ace), literally to carry some- 
thing after somebody ; metaphorically to foster a grudge against. . . <. . 


P. 27. Not. 40-44. P. 2§. Not. 1-24. P. 29. Not. 1-10. 

AO. iJen feincn (viz. ©tein) absol. possess, pron.; see p. 15, 1 ^/. aug^ 

^Uitben^ infin. with ju, required by the t^orid)t and gefal)rlid). Gr. 42Z. 

§. 81, b A2. fo longc, conj., render while or as long as AS. tua 

translate here when or that 44. hldrc t§, imperf. subj. instead oi 

first condit. (witrbe e^ fein); see p. 16, 18. 

@ic6 bi^ jufriebcn. 

Page 28. — /. ®lc6 i)i(^ jttfricJJcn. Render : Be contented or Yield 
contentedly. The verb gekn when used as a reflex, means to deport or 

behave one's self, etc 2. fifjeintf has a diflerent meaning here than 

m 15, 65 ; jttUcittCr 3!Bonnc, render for thy pleasure S. t^oU iii^k§, 

see p. 17, 1 4. 2^roft, poetical for Xrofte^ 6. hin, poetical for 

leinen O. %n^, render here even 7- ^Xtn^, n. s. (literally cross), 

•used metaphorically for affliction S. totntstn, Qr. 243, 66 ; El. p. 120. 

9. in ^dnlicn, see p. 14, 4 /O. crgcljit, pres. subj. of er^ge^en, 

see p. 10, 29 ; the impers. phrase c§ tXQt^i (with the dat.) has the same 
meaning as e<g ge^t; see p. 16, 5; render n)ie, etc., whatever may be thy lot. 
... .//. ni^t Hcrborgen (past part. ofux^Ux^^n, p. 19, l), compare p. 14, 

14 /5. OU0 l)cr ^6f\C, reiadeT from above ; probably metaphorically 

used her3 and best rendered '' In his majesty." /S. ^df)lt httt iJttUf 

iicr— X^roncn, a rather poetical expression for ja^It bit laufenkn Z^xantn, 

/4. fa^t JU §OUf' (for ^aufen), literally takes in a heap or together, 

i. e. easily comprehends ; the phrase is obsolete /J. all unfcn see 

p. 13, 36 76. SBcnn ptf etc., supply ijl /7. auf ©rbcn (anti- 
quated dat. sing, of ®rbe), upon earth ; see p. 14, 4 ; Gr. 58 * ; El. p. 171 

(3) 78. tarffl (from biirfem see p. 17, 10) trauctt (gov. dat. %xtm), 

poetical inversion ; compare p. 9, 18 79. fi^auett (or fe:^en) ju — , i. e. 

to attend to, care for, look after 20. iJir'S (e^ refers to Seib and ®ra=* 

men) ju (gov. by Beit, see p. 16, 9) bcncl^mcn (less usual form for (A^ 

ne^mcn); translate to rid thee of it or to free thee from it 27. Seclcrt; 

antiquated gen. sing, of ©eele ; compare a similar dat. in 17 22. 

tittrfft crjo^lcn, see 9, 27.. . . .23. ntagf!, see p. 26, 18 24-. i^tiM, 

biblical form of the adv. for fu|n. 

Page 29.—/. mWUn, see p. 28, 17 2. Ucr airmen Sittcii (ace. 

gov. by t)ort), see p. 10, 25 3. bc^tlJinflCn, Gr. 269 (178) ; El. p. 129. 

4. .§Qlt (for ^alte, of 'fatten, see p. 10, 44) on (^isii, render Cling 

to Ood S. fo, see p. 10, 106 6. oft. see p. 22, 20. . . 7- fj^iiumcntl 

gitt^en, (imperf. subj., see 6) render here : foamed madly 8. crliegett, 

see p. 26, 6 9. ju before adj. and adv. translate too 70. §at 

©Ott, etc. ; supply bann, or fo. 


Page 29. Notes 11-26. Page 30. Notes 1-12. 


//. 3!Blttfl» <»nj. wcnn omitted ; see p. 16,^ 20. . . . ./^. ,i)cm ^a^fjcn* 

superl. of ^od), see p. 9, 59 ; usual appellation ^cfCio^T /^. iJcrnc 

(conj. fo omitted), see p. 9, 8 /4. ;3ift; etc., see 11. Render the 

phrase, if thou art in the spint /6. sfedllcr; (Infer} t»d^icr, ||itt}i!iiniu 

The word »oUer, as used here, presents on^ 6i the most peculiar German 
idioms, hardly excusable even in older poetry, and is only to be toler- 
ated in careless conversation. It is simply a corruption of »ott (with 
the gen. or t)on following), introduced, no doubt, by a certain euphonistic 
tendency in rapid speaking. In many instances (when a fem. gen. sing, 
or a gen. plur. follows) it may be mistaken for a genitive absolute (see 
p. 26, 21), e. g. er fam tioQcr t^^CUtlCf he came in fuU glee, but has really 
nothing to do with it. It has simply to be taken for what it is, viz., 
an inelegant idiom, which it is best not to use. The case of the nouns 
following roller depends entirely on the interpretation given to ttoKer; 
if the latter stands simply instead of »olI, it is, of course, the gen. ; 
if for »ott ijpn# the dat. The word is here adj. attrib. to ®et|l; translate 

full of zeal, full of ardor (or flames) /6. t^ut — fuitl) from funbt^un, 

sep. comp. irr /7. ^ft Ucitt^ etc., see 11.. . ../8. ttJtC filft'g gcfiii^rct. 

©^ gebii^rt ft^ is an impers. reflex, phrase synonymous to e^ [c^itft fic^; 

see p. 27, 9 /9. auSf^Cjieretf past part, of au(Jjtercn, to decorate, to fit 

out 20. brittnt — ^crfiir (obsolete form for !^cri)or), of |)er^»or4rin9em 

to bring forthy produce JS/. 9Bo used here for n^ofern or wenn; render 

if. 22. Ijom (tjon bcm); prep. gov. by rein unb fauber; render /row. 

. . . .23. tfl JU ftntlCttf is to he found ; notice the German use of the infin. 

active, where in English the passive is used. (Gr. 428, §. 84 24-. 

Su(^t (fttft [dat.]) — ttUg> from au^fud)en, sep. comp. ; see p. 10, 63 

26. iittnnfi iJUf etc., see 11 26. Hir attcin, render hy thyself alone. 

^cr gcrcttctc SungUng. 

Page 30.—/. flnbeitr supply ju ; see p. 14, 25 2. <^\t, i. e. 

9J?cnfc^en|"eeIc 3. cr^oltcitf see 1 ^. fc^ltjcrftef supply ©ewinn i|l. 

...5. tictlorcn (of »crlicren, Gr. 261, 142; El. p. 126) tcan see p. 15,46. 

Render (StC» bie fd)on »erlorcn war, etc., one that had been lost, etc 6. 

@anft (from Lat. sanctus), abbrev. ot., i.e. saint 7- ticm iJtiCU 

^at^modf the def. art. is used before the names of a country or a per- 
son, wh^n connected with an attributive adjective, see Gr. 361 (f ) S. 

flCllJCfcm supply ttjar; see p. 21, 48 ,9. bcttJttftrcn/ pres. subj. gov. by 

bai /O. tJon ©cftdjt i()m (see p. 9, 28), render in his face //. 

Steffi t)Ut the ind. is sometimes employed instead of the imperat. to 
express a decided command. Gr. 423, §. 78, 2 /2. Ijicrubcr (see p. 


Page 30. Notes 13-31. Page 31. Notes 1-21. 

14,45) jcugc, render witness of this be /S. t»or ^^^rijlo, see Gr. 68, 

V, Exc. ; El. 15, N /^. ©cmetnc, for ©emcinbe. /,5. Utttcts 

Hi|pg, of untcrtDeifeitf insep.. comp. conjug. like unterfc^eiDen, p. 14, 56 

/&, (afr— blii^;;?, spe]i;.^ if. 5. The expression Miii)n after griic^te is rather 

awkward ; translate'njpert /7. tJcrtrtttttCf see p. 28, 18 /<§*. Ucj)— 

na(i^t:nomM^i0{f<n, i>jep. comp. irr. tjouf to relax in, to abstain from, to 
disoontiniie.. . . ,fOi to£t da !Jlc^ iJcm .^ungUng (about the dat. see p. 

10, 50), translate was (or became) the youth's ruin JSO. Qlngclcrft, 

from aniecfen (less usual form for beleden), attrib. to er ^/. tJOn, when 

with the pass, voice, always render by. Gr. 352, II (1) 22. I2&arb. 

see p 12, 6, here used as an independ. verb (Gr. 104 *) 2S. fofictCf 

here v. a. gov. the ace. (Den Sieij* — 5Heij) 24-. 309, from jie^en, see 

p. 16, 31 26. t\\X §ttU^t, etc., apposition to er 26. llic erflc 

^Jrag\ etc. The usual inversion (see p. 10, 60) is here poetically omit- 
ted for the sake of emphasis laid on the above words 27- flit, 

render to 28. Ujrctt* refers to ©egenb*. . . . ^^. geftorbctt; from 

jlerben, see p. 16, 36 30. fj^lug— nictier, imperf. of nicDcrfc^lagen, sep. 

comp. irr. ; see p. 15, 50 3/. ®Qii (dat. instead of fiir ®ott) flbgcs 

ftorbett/ from afeflerkn, sep. comp. irr. (see 29). 

Page 31.—/. ^fi, supply (gr 2. mtt 2^rancn fflg' \^ c§; for 

inversion see p. 13, 8 S. iicfcr ^unglingS Sccle^ etc., for inversion 

see p. 17, 24 4. ^otir' (of fobern), antiquated for forbern ; for use 

of pres. tense see p. 24, 37 5. itfl^ent) ; this verb, analogous to fici^ 

na|ern, gov. the dat. (bent SBalbe); see p. 14, 5 6. crgriffctt/ past part. 

of ergreifen (forms imperf. pass, with warb), see p. 9, 10 7- tUOUt' cr ; 

for inversion see 3; ir>offen is here an independ. verb 8. fil^rct/ 

imperat.; subject t^r omitted 9. S8or t^tt trot (see p. 24, 21) ct; for 

inversion see 2 fO. tnflnDtc (see p. 28, 8) {\^,, here used as a 

reflex, verb. Render turned away //. ni^t ; about its position see 

p. 10, m....f2. crtragcn, see p. 9, 36 ; p. 25, 31. . . ./?. gfUc^C, imperat., 

see p. 16, 30 ; here used as an active verb (ben — Skater) /4. Inaffcn* 

lofcn {defenceless), see p. 15, 14 fS. ©incil (Srci0/ apposition to 35ater. 

/6. gelobct (past part, of gcIoBen, not of loben, which would take 

the same form). SJlciltett ^tXXXi, poetical inversion //. ttnttoortcn 

fiir is used in the same sense as fle^en fur (p. 30, 11) ; translate literally. 
.... /8. @crn 0cb' i^ — i^in (for inversion see p. 13, 8), from ^lingebcn, to 

sacrifice ; about ^in, see p. 11, 78 /9. SBiUfl l)U C§, see p. 29, 11. 

— 20. nur i)i^ fortflit bcrlaffcn fflitn {6:^ niit, poetical inversion, 
used to lay stress on ^erlafTen, which nur also serves to strengthen. 

'Render I can do for you all but leave you 2/. dcrtrflUCtf see p. 28 

18 22. ^{^, supply i^ l^aBe 2S. {^Q\i, dat. gov. by ^erpfanbeU 

24-. t)cr|lfani)et, past part, (forms perf. with ^abe omitted) of tjeri 


Page :;i. ^'OTEs 25-11. Page 32. Notes 1-22. 

pfanbert/ insep. comp. derived of 3)fanb, n. s., pledge, security. Render / 

have pledged God my soul foriJiee J^6. f(t)lan0, from fdjUngen, Gr. 269 

(169) ; El. p. 129 :S6. bcUcdctC/ antiquated for bcbecfte 27- 9luf bic 

(see p. 9, 21) ftnicc fonf ^O^onn^S nictlcr (from ntcberfmfcn/ sep.comp. irr., 

ece p. 9, 33) ; for inversion see p. 18, 47 28. no^m, see p. 10, 62 

20, ncu (for aiif 5 ncuc) (5cfil)Cnl(e)t, attrib. to il)n; render took the re- 
claimed one from, etc 30. ^tL\^xt (render FOii years), poetical for 

ja^rclang S/. an3crtrcnn(c)t see p. 19, 1 32. mit cintttitJcr (see 

p. 10, 6), translate together 33. @o§ fit^, from gicpcn (usually crgte^cn). 

Gr. 260 (122) ; El. p. 126 ; for use of the reflex, form see p. 22, 16 

34-. ^oliannc^f gen. gov. by ©cclc ; tlie omission of tlio def. art. is a 

poetical license. Gr. 68, V ; El. 15 (IV) 36. Sogt 2d pers. pi. 

imperat 30. ttJa§ — tlJa3 ; the first is interrog. pron,, the second 

relat. pron 37- crfonntN see p. 14, 47 38. fcfil^tcUf from fcjl^ 

^alten, render literally 30. c0 (ace.) refers to ^zx\. Compare p. 19, 

23 4(9. tiiicDcrfant)^ from tt>icbcr'=ftnben, see p. 11,7 ^/. ©anfts 

:2i0^anncd ®IttUbc has to be taken for one compound noun, although 
standing as if disconnected ; render faith like St. John's. 

^a0 ^mcn bcr (Stcinc. 

Page 32.—/. S^nS 9lmcnf Amen; for gender see Gr. 80, VII, 1 

and 3 ; El. 190, 1 and 3 (for use of the art. see Gr. 5. p. 360, sq.) 2. 

bUnDf attrib. to S3eba ; con]. oho^WxA), although, omitted 3. fuljr — 

fortf from fortfa^rcn, see p. 15, 77 4. ^M |jrct)ipcn/ etc.; the inver- 
sion is a poetical license /T. t)ic Sotfc^oft, taken in an abstract sense, 

means here the Gospel O. tlo0 SSort (compare 5), i. e. God's word. 

7. ^iinglinggfcucrf render youthful enthusiasm c9. itjn ("in 

ilnabCf for inversion see p. 18, 00 O. ubcrfd't, of iiberfocn, Gr. 291 ; 

El. 150 ; render strewn {with) fO. tjiclc QKcnfltlcn/ render many 

people, see p. 20, 8 //. finti Ucrfommclt \)\tX ; compare p. 15, 40 ; 

the adv. is poetically placed after the verb /2. ouf, render for ; 

Bce p. 21, 31 /e>. cr^ob ft(^, from fid) cr^ckn, see p. 27, 11 /4. 

(llfobalb for alSbalb, immediately 75. UJon^t' — an, from an^wcnbcn, 

Bee p. 10, 101 70. mt(Dt()U^, a rather poetical form for milb/ very 

'^rely used, stands here adverbially 77- nictJerfloffcnf of niclicr=' 

[lic§en, Sep. comp. irr., like [(^te§cn, p. 14, 57 78. bcf^lic^cnt)/ see 17 ; 

pres. part, attrib. to cr 70. l)a§ ©otcninfcr (so called from its first 

words), the Lord's Prayer 20. tuic ft{I)*0 flCjicmt see p. 29, 13. 

27. 9cbctct unJi ncfprodjcn (see p. 9, 30), supply auxil. Ivutc, to form 
pluperf.. . . .^^. I)cin, absol. jx^ssess. pron. abbrev. from bad "Dcinc oi 
iBetnigc; the repetition of Dctn and the expression „t)id in bic Sirii^fcitcn " 
instead of in Grcigfcit are poetical deviations from the usual wording ol 


Page 32. Notes 23-40. Page 33. Notes 1-27. 

the Lord's Prayer 2S. ^a (correlat. to %\i, when, four lines above), 

render then 2//^. riefcit; see p. 9, 25 26. Diet for i)iele, compare 

p. 23. 10 (Gr. 156, \)....26. crf^rad, from cr-fc^redcn (v. n.), see p. 19, 1. 

27' !nict'— tticiicr, from nieJjerfmeen 28. Jjcm ^eiliocn, render 

to the Iwly man or mint 29. tjcnn, comp.p. 18,66 30, gclcfcn, 

of Icfen, Gr. 238(32) ; El. p. 119. . . .SL Witix\i)rA, render liere men; cx)m- 

pare 10 32. fdjUJcigen, see p. 11, 22 33. iDcrbcn— farcin (for 

fc^reien), 3d pers. pi. fut. ind. act. of fcl)rcten, conjugated like fi^tDctgen, see 32. 

3/f.. 9lij^t for emphasis' sake precedes the verb to which it belongs; 

compare p. 10, 69 . . .36. mtt» omit in Irans'.ation, this prep, required by 

ft>oUen 36. ScficnJiig ifi CS, emphatical inversion 37 ^ fc^ttciDct» 

like leibeitf p. 18, 7 38. ff^orf *^ic fcin — > sharp as no — , i. e. sharper 

than any— 39. 3ttJCifdjnciiJig(e^), see p. 12, 16, douNe-edged io. 

u:tJ) fotttc glcid) (see p. 17, 46) ftd) i^m jum Xxoi^ Ucrftcincn (poetical 
for »erj^einern/ here used as a reflex, v. About the peculiar signification 
of foUcn see Gr. 407, N. 1). Render the whole : And though magi's heart 
should petrify in spite of it (viz., God's word ; tt;m refers to ©cttesS SBort, 
third line above ; the dat. is gov. by the adverb, phrase jum Slrot-), com- 
pare Gr. 383, 8. 

Page 33.— /. tetlttrftc, from icburfcn (see p. 23, 21) 2. iJcr 

Oblige, the eternal orie, an appellation of God 3. 2803U i)ie '^txtx, 

etc. ; supply ift J^. jut Sud;'t render as a ciscipline 6. gcbotcn» 

past part, of gcbieten, see p. 18, 52, forms iniperf. ind. pass, with roarb, 

see p. 12, 6 6. ter cine Xag. Notice def. art. Gr. 147, III ; El. 32. 

7. ^ciJcn/ supply %a^ 8, juriidocfcljrt tuarcit, etc., inversion 

due to elevated style 9. 9latncn^» an idiomatic gen. with def. art. 

omitted; render named, or ly the name of. fO. fictlttf Lemte, 

descendant of Levi, Jacob's son //. tBCtfcr 9Wann, supply ein 

/2. famml (prep. gov. dat. ; Gr. 347, II ; El. p. 263) SBcia UttJ) ^inUcrn, 
see p. 16, 35 and 37 /3. tifg §crrn» usual appellation of God ; ren- 
der literally of the Lord /4. trat» from trcten, see p. 24, 21 ; render 

trat ju if»m, approached him /6. in ©eflolt (see p. 14, 4), render dis- 
guised as /6. jiCijet (see p. 23, 4) l^in, render migrate /7- ttuf 

tttS for auf ba§, conj. synonym of bamit f8. rot^e^ (subj. gov. by 

auf bai, see p. 10, 31), see p. 27, 10 ; governs dat. ; see p. 9, 53 /9. 

^Clfcfl (see 18), sec p. 9, 30; governs infin. (cinrid)tcit) without ju; see p. 

9,10 20. tmx'\t)irA, render to set right, m'ganizc 2/. iDoUf* 

polite form of request, see p. 9, 2 22. jjnaJligUd;'! soo p. 82, 16. 

23. unti IDin. supply it^ 2^. !un5l(^, see p. 27, 20 26. 

Icrnc (see p. 9, 8) — tjcrttttucm see p. 28, 18 26. p^.—OMi, from 

au^jie'&en (hero v. n.), see p. 13, 31 ; render started, or s:t out.. . .27' 


Page 33. Notes 28-50. Page 31. Notes 1-I§. 

in fcct SrrJi^C (f. s.) bc5 Sflorgcn^^ translate early in the morning 

28. SBo0 tuirJJ i)0§ tucrl)cn» render How will tJdsendf 29. gcgcn 

Ql&cnt) (poetical for West), tmnsi&tG Westward SO. ^itoantidt, sup- 
ply joaren, to form pluperf., and notice, that waren serves as an auxil. 

(here) and as an ind(3i>end. verb (with fc()r miibe) at the same time 

<^/. ficljc, here simply interject, to enliven narration ; translate lof or 
behold I....S2. §icr rojict! comp.p.32,11.. . .^,?. unfcrcS SScgc^, see 

p. 26, 21 SA. trot — fjcrjU* render approached 36. htX^ti, num. 

adj. used as a noun (ought to have capital initial) and neuter because 

collectively referring to both nouns following 36. fci^S ^orttfoitgcn 

(ace., see p. 24, 8) tDcit, render as far as, or for (the distance of) six 

parasangs 37. in ^riciJcnr see p. 14, 4 :38. fo, for tt)eld)c, 

obsolete form of relat. pron. (biblical style ; Gr. 347, §. 44, N.) 39. 

crtrugCtt^ from er-tra{\en, see p. 25, 31 4^0. ncllttd)tcn; see p. 14, 15; 

one of the verbs gov. gen., see p. 23, 21 4/ fo, see 38 ^2. 

cm^ifongcn, see p. 17, 20 4^3. juriitfgclegt, supply fatten j^4^. 

er^ob M, see p. 32, 13 4-6. fonlJCn; see p. 11, 7 46. X^tX, 

demonstr. pron 4-7. fo, see 38 48. flcf^tt^ t§, see p. 15, 35. 

49. immer fort for immerfort 60. foldjC» antiquated for the 

demonstr. pron. Mefe or bicfelBen. 

Page 34. — /. gclongtc* etc. Notice, that, in spite of two subjects, 
the verb stands in the sing., indicating that Boni is considered the exclu- 
sive subject, and his servants and household only part of himself., . . 

2. crfonntc^ see p. 27, 27 3. forfltiV render saw to it 4. gc^ci* 

liptf translate simply kept or observed 6. tciifle means here demor- 
alized or wicked; the application of this adj. to persons is unusual 
in prose, ilrummacfjer, in imitation of Luther's style (Bible translation), 
has used many words in his „9)araktn," which in every-day prose would 

be inelegant 6. ^ilgrimfdjaftf render pilgrimage 7. fic^et— i^m 

offftt# render verbally ope 7^,? to him 8. ticS ©fjcltc^f gen. gov. by 

ad)tet ; Bee p. 33, 40.....^. dcrltcrt ftd)» reflex, for passive, trar slate 
ia lost. 

^ic Uicr 2Bc9C. 

fO. Id§t— fii^rcttf see p. 17, 5 //. aWctuJono* proper name; hence 

the def. art /2. iljn JU frQ(^cn» supply urn before i^n; see p. 11, 115. 

/3, rii^mft bi(f^> is an intrans. roll. v. governing the gen. follow- 
ing (Gr. 370) /4. fonIircr» poetical for bcfonbcrcr; render singular or 

particular /6. ja» see p. 9, 52 /6. (2o fotlfl Hu. etc. The con- 
struction of this clause implies, that the one preceding ought to have 

been introduced by the conj. ba, dure; on fo compare p. 15, 7 

/7. ^ntlDOrt fagcn^ poetical for autnjcrtcn /8. ^u stands here for in 

1 5, 


Page 34. Notes 19-35. Page 35. Notes 1-8. 

with tlio ace; render into /9, tljcilt <Si(^» see 9 J20. SJlufcl-' 

mnntn, poetical for 2)?ufe (manner.. . . .^/. fogc nun m\X, poetical for fage 

mir nun 22, SSer— Dadon for 2Ber »on benfdbcn or von i^nen; translate 

Which of them (i. e. these four sects) 2S. gc^t— auf rei^tcn Stt^ncn, 

liter, walks in right paths, i. e. simply is right 24-. 5(uf tocl^en 

(interrog. pron.), render By which 26. nittg here indicates chance 

or possiUlity ; see p. 26,18 26. ttX (^taufif taken in its biblical 

sense here, denotes mortals or mankind 27. 9lun Itt§ (Bctui^^ett 

mid) (poetical for mic^ ®ett)i§^eit) emlifongcn^ render Now let me know thd 

truth 28. ^cr SWctuIontt* tx^t etc. This isolated position of the 

subject and its consequent repetition by the pers. pron, er imparts to the 
diction a certain poetical pathos (hardly admissible in prose; thia 

idiom, however, is quite different from that on p. 19, 23 29. fofj — ' 

fii^— um, from jtc^ umfc^en, sep. comp. irr. refl. see p. 10, CO ; 11> 92 ; 11, 

111 ; to look around. In prose fid) ought to follow er SO. fid) — ticr^ 

ncigcnUr v. refl.; the participle is attrib. to er Sf. SOom S^ron/ 

instead of the simple gidn., which use in English ; this form is chosen 
because another gen. follows S2. Wtxi^ fd)trmC/ etc., object preced- 
ing for emphasis' sake ; about the meaning of the subj. see p. 19, 29. 

33. (So here points to the following verse ; render thus. It may, 

however, also be explained as corresponding to an imaginary n^enn in 

the preceding clause S4^. foU bir meinc ^InttUOrt tocrJlcn* render 

simply sJiall he (or is) my answer. The verb Jt>erben (indep. gov. dat.) is 
sometimes elliptically used instead of the complete phrase ju %^i\\ werben^ 
and may then be translated by to receive , the object in the dat. becoming 
the subject in the nom. ; e. g. i^nt tuurbe ble Slntwort^ he received the an- 
swer; mix warb bic .^unbe, I received the news, etc. This idiom, however, 

is becoming obsolete SJ. gu tcm gciiffnet flnti t)icr 3^^iiren/ render 

iiito which lead four doors. 

Page 35. — / ttHjUlttab adv., render always or always the same 

2. SBcHf relat. pronoun> has at the same time the force of a demonst. 
pron. omitted in the preceding line ; render he whom... . .3. cinc refers 

to 3:^uren 4. liiffcfi fii^ren^ poet, for fii^ren laffejl; see p. 34, 10 

6. ^0^ it^ beg 2Bcoc^ nil^t gcirrt (supply l)abe), render Thai I did not 
lose my way. Thia construction, viz. irren, governing the gen. or con- 
nected with a gen. absolute (see p. 26, 21), almost touches the limits of 

poetical license 6. iJc^» poetical for beffen, gen. of demonst. pron. 

See Gr. 199, * ; Bl. p. 189, *. The gen. is here governed by frommcn; a 
construction which may be called obsolete, rather poetical and some- 
what obscure. Translate the whole (connecting with 5) is due to the 

services of your rrvessenger 7- tJcrtuirtt (compare p. 22, 45) render 

here dazxkd 8. tUCli^eS SScgS (see p. 26, 21), for iwel4>en aBejjciS; Gr. 


Page 35. Notes 0-34. Page 36. Notes 1-11. 

133, t ; El. p. 90 9. ii^ 6in flClommcn» poetically inverted from i(^ 

gefommcn tin (auxil. gov. at the end by relat pron.) 

2)ic ©rcnobictc. 

W, IRatft, see p. 15, 48 //. joflcn, see p. 33, 16 — f2. 2)ic tottrcn 

— QCfangrn^ see p. 15, 46 and translate who had been captives ; the im- 
perf. (n^aren) is here poetically used for the pluperf, proper (gewcfen xoa* 

ren)» since this tense obviously refers to a much earlier date /S. in'g 

contr. from in i)Q0; al)out def. art. see p. 9, 9 /^. (Sic !ic§cn (poet. 

for licfjen fic) ^angcilf see p. 38, 16 /5. fic 93ciDCf the second word 

being used here as u noun must be considered as in apposition to the 

former /6. Ucdorctt QCj^anQClt (supply fei or ware) perf. (or pluperf.) 

subj. of verloren gcticn, an idiomatic phrase closely corresponding to the 

English to get lost //. bcftegt unli eifi^lttgcit (see p. 15, 50) Hog 

ta^fcrc .^cer ; supply bail before the clause and the same auxil. as in 16 

at its end; the inversion is i)oetical fS. SSoi^l (see p. 11, 124) can 

hardly bo rendered here fD. o&; obsolete instead of ttjcgcn, prep. 

gov. gen. ; render on account of or because of. 20. SSic IDC^ toirD 

\\\\x, impers. reflex, phrase; Gr. 311, N. 3; El. 158, N 2/. 2>cr 

9lnt)rc for l^cr Bwcttc. G. 151, XI ; El. 42 22. 2)a§ ijicl) ipi m^, the 

song is finished ; a somewhat cynical expression, cutting through the 
deep melancholy of the subject, and peculiarly characteristic of Heim . 
About the adv. aud in its signification of finished or Odcr, compare \). 

14, 30 23, moif)t' l»erc expresses a wish ; see p. 11, 90 24-. 28ci(« 

U\(i^ i^iniJf see p. 33, 13 26. ju ^m^ render at home (Gr. 464, 17). 

26. dcrDcrOCn, here v. n., render ^^em/i 27. 2Btt8 fd)Cert mid)* 

what do I care for ; a vulgar phrase (see 32), which has no connection 
with the verb fd)eeren, to shear, but is ]^robably distantly related to the 

English to scare 28. trogc ; this verb is frequently used for batcn, 

to denote feeling 29. ttJCit adv., is often substituted for t>icb espe- 
cially before comparatives of adj. and adv. . . . .30. 6ettcln pC^U» render 

go begging ; see p. 14, 35 3/. So, render here then 32. nimm — 

mit, from mit^nc^men 33, uai^/ sec 10 3J^, S3cgrttb'/ seep, 

25, 28. 

Page 36. — /. ^a8 Cc^rcnfrcUj* etc. ; object preceding for sake of 

emphasis 2. auf'S ^crj mir. see p. 9, 21 3. %\t ^Xvxiz, see 1. 

— 4. nic^' ««'' P- 11. 12 — 6. mir in l)ie §aniJ/ see 2 G. r^iirf — 

nnif from umaiirtcn 7- <2o. see p. 34, 33 8. idj ()or:, render 7 

t^mll hear ; see p. 34, 37. ... -9. iJanoncnt^cfirii^f, r.mring of cannon,. . . . 
fO. rcitcf» 8oe p. 14, 53 //. tUOljl (soe p. 11. 134), render here per- 


Page 36. Notes 12-48. Page ST. Noies 1-§. 

Jiaps /2. ICicI, see p. 32, 25 /.?. filifecn/ translate here sparkle. 

/4. ftcig'— ^crdor, from tjerdort^eicien, sep. comp. irr., see p. 15, 6 ; 

p. 11, 46 /6. nug render herefrom or out of{Qt. 468, 3) /O. ju 

fd3U$en> supply urn before Den ^aifer. 

^ic ^Icttjc^rSna^t cincS UngliirfUr^cn. 

/7- in ber !iWcuia^t§no(t;t am ^cnjicr ; for position of adverbs see Gr. 

445, 1 and 2 /S. f^autc — an^ from auffc^auen, compare, however, p. 

23, 22 /9. mit tJCm Slirfc cincr— render with a g^Za/ice o/. . . .^O. 

CtolB bliiljcnlicn ^immelf see p. 9, 48, ^era& (instead of i)imh) conveys the 
idea that he imagines himself to be on the earth, over which his 
thouf^hts are hovering, and thus looks down upon himself, as it were. 

^/. tuorauf, see p. 12, 83 ^^. frcuticns unU fdjlaflo^ for freu^ 

benloiJ unb fitlaflc^, see p. 15, 14 £S. aU (stands for mt) correl. to 

fo ; render so — as ^4. ftatCH, it can hardly bo said of a grave that 

it stands, render therefore wa^ or better still he stood, etc ^,5. naf)t 

6ci» translate near hy 26. felo^r inelegant for nur 27' dam 

St^ncCf render ly the snow. The prep, son is gov. by n)ar — »erbecft; 

see p. 15, 46 28. brad)tc — niit/ render here had gained 29. avih 

translate //'om or jw SO. tiic ©ruftf see p. 9, 21 S/. tJoU ©iftr 

see p. 17, 1 and p, 29, 15 32. SciltC — 3'4_,enl!ta!]rr render the — days 

of his youth SS. toaubteit fid} — urn from jid) unwenben, refl. sep. 

comp. irr., see p. 31, 10; render returned 3-^. ol^ render here as. 

....36. jancn \%Xk — ^in, from t)in5ie5cn (see p. 33, 16); Tender dragged 

him lack 36. dor/ render here before the face of. .. .37- Uia; render 

when ; adverbs of time and of place are sometimes indiscriminately used 

in German 38. i^n feiu Satcr, see p. 18, 60 39. i)cr— btingt. 

tqvAqx that— leads J^O. doll Sic^t unb Srnten, see 31 ^/. J^inaO** 

\\t\^i, here v. a., though without object ; render loses itself or leads away 
(into) Ja2. doU l^cruntcrtro^jfcnlicn @iftc0 (gen. ; see 31), render drip- 
ping with poison 4«?. J^ingCHf see p. 23, 19 4-^. auf/ render on. 

4^6. riff — ^inauf from ^inaufrufen (see p. 23, 22), see p. 9, 25 . ..4^6. 

@ic6 mit bic ^Ugcnt) toicbcr, render Restore me to youth 47- ftelic 

mil^; etc. ; the position of the adv. wieber in this clause is unusual 

48. anDcrd, render a different course. 

Page 37.—/. liingfi; see p. 16, 36 2. i)a!iitt; see p. 20, 6 ; com- 
pare also p. 14, 30 3. auf* render oter 4. taitJCIt, gov. by fa&, 

see p. 22, 26 6. auf/ render here in 6. au§Ibfd;en (see 4), less 

usual form for erlijfdjcn, v. n. to die, disappear 7- ^0 ftnt) (see p. 16, 

32), render ^Aey ar^ or those are 8 dr fa^ ctiicit Stern dom ^im'* 

mcl flicl^cn unl) — fj^immcrn* render He saw a shooting-star, glittering. 


Page 37. Notes 9-46. Page 38. Notes 1, *2, 

etc O. jcrrinncn/ see Gr. 271 (185) ; El. p. 129. . . ./O. ^aS 6in i^, 

render That is I, or myself. Gr. 181, IV ; El. 56 //. grubcn— ttJCitcV 

(aee p. 23, 22), see p. 25, 28 , render dug deeper /^. :^arill ill Ucil 

SBunHcn, a pleonasm; render into the wounds /S. ^ob — ouff see 

p. 27, 11 /^. jum :3ci"f^;l"8-n' render ready to crush, . . ./J. juriitf' 

j^cbliclicnc from jurucfbleibcrtf render left behind. . . . /O. ijardc* translate 

mask ; for construction of this clause, see p. 16, 56 //. noljm — an 

from annc^mcn, to assume /<9. SUiittCU tn^ render i)i the midst of. 

/9. flo^ — })Crnic3cr from fjcmiebcrflicpcn, see p. 32, 17, and compare p. 23, 

22 ^O. Die 9?iufif fiir l)a5 9icuia{)r> tTunslate the strains of a Hew 

Tear's chorus. It is customary in Gennany to celebrate the arrival of 

Festival Days with music from the church spires ^/. (gr tDUrtie 

fonftcr (adv. comparat.) bctocgt/ render his emotions softened 4?^. (gr 

f^aute u:u Urn ^orijont l^crum^ translate he glanced all along the 

horizon J^S. on (cine ^UgenbtreunDef render of the companions of 

his youth ^^. gliifflit^cr UUD kffer^ attrib. to bic; tlie absence of 

declension is to be explained by the omission of the pres. part, of fciii 

(I'eienb^ being) 2 '5. iicnn (for al^ after comparatives) than 26. 

Cfl)rcr iicr ^-r^c, render instructors of the people — 27- iiic erftc *Jia(^t/ 

the first night, viz. of the new year 28. mit trotfcncn ^Kugcn, i. e. 

vithoui tears 20. ttJcnn ii) gchJoUt (independ. v.) fjiittc, render if 1 

had been iDilling 30. fttm Cg '\{^m tJOr» an impersonal phrase; Gr. 

813; El. 160 3/. ttlS ridjtc fldj— auf for at^ wcnn— fid) aufrid)te, as if, 

etc 32. cniilid) inurtic fie (i. e. the mummy)— 3a cincm— ^^iinglingc/ 

render finally changed into a— youth ,9,9. tjurtf) i)cn 9lberglauben/ 

jtjfjjjjpr — crblirft/ render ruled by a superstition that looks for visions of 

the Future, etc S4-. nidjt mc^r, no longer 36. fcljcn* render 

here endure the sight 30. taufcntJ, see p. 12, 28 37- cr feufjtc 

(from fcutVn, to sigh) nur nod)^ rpnder he could only sigh 38. ^omniC 

laiet)rr» imperat. of wicbcrfommcn. to return 30. ijit, viz. fcine ^ugenb. 

. . . .^0. tuarcn fein Xraum flctnefenf render had net been a dream 

^/. no:?) jnn^ (see 24), render «^i7^ but a youth ^2. in— umfe^rert 

render turn away P. om. . . 4e?. ft-*-, ouf Die 33nncnbatin ^uriitfbcflcben 
render re-enter tlie sunny pa til. ...4-^. ttienn Du our frinent ^VrtncflC 
fief/fi» translate if thou hast followed his evil ways. . . .A/i. toirt) — UJCrlien, 

fut. of incrbcn, here v. independ. ; render mil be /t-6. rufcn tuitrDefl 

— toiirDc— loiclicrfommcn, see p. 17, 27. 

93U r r| c n I i c b . 

Page :{8. — /. la^' herein its original meaning, .'^< 2. '^er bU 

(tfttiad)t# supply "Du before bcr and baft at the end. In German when a 
persona] pronoun of the Ist or 3d person is followed by the relut. pron. 

110 NOTES AND hefeeences. 

Page 38. Notes :i^35. 

ber, fcic» baa, the personal pronoun is repeated (Gr. 892, §. 31) ; hence the 

presence of 't^vi after ber; render Thou wJw 3. cl)' X^ gettlttlftt supply 

l^ak 4. mogc (subj. gov. by ba§) fiiircn, poetical for ftoren mbge, ben 

Slnfang and ^eute belong together, and form one idea, viz. the heginning 

of this day S, jugcbat^t (supply ^ajl to form perf.) from jubenfen; 

render the whole which thou hast destined for me to-day 6. SBcm — 

i)en, see p. 18, 40 7- tiaS bcftc %\\t\{ ; notice the neuter gender and 

consequent peculiar meaning' of the noun 8. befdltcBeu (supply ^a|l) 

from bcf(|eiben, synonymous with j^ubenfen, see 5 9. ttiClfeft — Ottf from 

oufwetfen* fO. ODcm» poetical for Slt^em //. @ii^ tfl'§» see p. 

16,32 fJ2. crtDO^CHf gov. by (Su§; the omission of ju is a poetical 

license, mit bir render within thee fS. umfangen (past part, of um" 

fangen, insep. comp. irr. ; for absence of particle ge see p. 10, 82) fcin 

(see 12), see p. 15, 46 /^. tijc rct^tc ^xa\i (for def. art. see p. 9, 9) 

t)cm St^Jnai^en ; notice the poetical inversion of the two objects ; see p. 

17,18 /J. flb^t — Ctn (supply ba«3) from einflofen, to impart, inspire 

with /&. ^rcuJJigfcit jum ficben> render vital energy or spirits 

/7- Xa, for bann, render then ; see p. 86, 37.. .../8. gc^t— tJCrlorcn, see 

p. 35, 16 /9, rcnnt (conj. like rcnnen, p. 14, 47) — nai}i render is bent 

upon, inclines to... .20. Wit bci tJcnif etc., render As in a or as that 

(viz. soul) of 2f. bent 2^orcn, mark the gender. Gr. 83 ; El. p. 249. 

22. crftttltJ), from erjle^cn, to arise, generally used only in connection 

with death (to resurrect) and the sick-bed ; here poetically for aufftel)en. 

^S. 28er— iJCn see 6 2S. mit dolter fiieliC, mark difiPerenco 

between bolter here (dat. sing. fern. gov. by mit) and p. 29, 15 2S. 

Ijiugabe from ^ingcben^ here used reflex, (jtd)); for meaning of subj. see 
p. 10, 18. Render the whole lie who would only dewtedly and early 

yield to the influence of thy grace 26. pit' (for wiirbe ^akn, see 25) 

an— gcttugi render would have enough 27- 8(uf feiltCIt ganjCtt %f{%, 

render Fok the whole day (Gr. 453, II, 7) ...28. fc^Itc for tuttrbe fet)Icn 
(see 25), gov. dat. ; compare p. 16, 15. . . .29. dcrft^toiintie (see 25) from 

»erfc^tt)inbcn, see p. 17, 45 SO. iicg 10lorgcn§— i)c8 5lbcnDg must not 

be mistaken for absol. gen. here, being simply gov. by the noims 33Iat^e 

and ^tud)t respectively J/, ^iim' (see 25), subj. imperf. of fommcn, 

see p. 10, 35 32. S^OQ fiir Xa^, render day after day. Gr. 455, 

VI, 3 33. gcbunticn (of binben, like ft^winbcn, see 29), attrib. to 

®arbe ; for absence of declension see p. 87, 24 3^. aufgcftcUt 

from auffleffen, to place, arrange, see 83. The first four lines of this 
verse are an elliptical apostrophe of human life, which is compared to a 

sacrificial sheaf, the ears repi-esenting days 36. in foldjent @Ionj bcr 

il\)XZV.t render shining with honors. Here is a pretty ho7i mot (most 
probably intentional) since there is another word nearly homonym with 
G^iiu, which, if substituted, would j^rettily amplify the illustration ; 


Page 38. Notes :J6, 37. Page 39. Notes 1-29. 

this word is 5lcf)ren {ears), the poet identifying himself with his life ; 

see 34 f^G. XiQ' Dcr i^axHcn, day of sheafs, i. g. here tlie Day of 

Judgment S7' xna^i see p. 36, 18. The use of ind. mode after bap 

(standing: hero for bamit, in order that) is rare ; it may have been called 
forth by the fact that the clause which terminates with may, expressing 
a natural consequence rather than an uncertain purpose or aim, has a 
decidedly positive coloring. 

2)oS gJrcugif^c mn im ^a^xc 1813. 

Page 39.— /. 9Wcmcl, ^cntminr dolhtv^, @Ifll?, cities of Prussia, 
mentioned to give her (then) dimensions, analogous to the American : 

*'From Maine to California," etc ^. bi0 (render to), refers to space 

as well as to time S, toax (here strongly indep. v.), render there 

existed 4. unitV, translate among. Gr. 460, XII (5) -5. (ginc^ 

Qirit etc., here not indef. art. but def. cardinal numeral with a strong 

emphasis indicated by the unusual capital initials 6. ju rcttcn— JU 

Iiefrcteit» gov. by the preceding nouns (Stimmc, ®cful>I» etc '/• ^ricg, 

etc. ; for inversion see p. 18, 47 6*. tOoUtctt (see 8), render wanted, 

... .5. ^rcu^ifdjcn ^yrlcacn, i. e. a peace satisfactory to Prussian feelings 

and interests /O. I^offcttf render ?iope for, expect //. fi^aUtc C^/ 

here used impers. Render was the outcry /3. ^ic ^ai'^at^ftt^ 

mountains in the south-east of Prussia fS. ^ic Ofifcc, the Baltic. 

/Z-. 2)fr 9licmcn [for exceptional gender see Gr. 79, 3 ; El. p. 245 

(3)], a river forming the north-eastern boundary of Prussia //y. 

!£ic 6'16Cf a river forming (then) part of the western boundary of the 

kingdom /O. tcr Ucrormt V&tiX, troxi^^QXe poverty-stricken /7. 

bcr JBaUCn notice gender; see p. 88, 7 /8. untcr ^Jorf^Oltn ullU 

^Uljrcn (f. s. derived from fafircn; compare 27, 28, may be rendered by 

transportation^, translate ly compulsory war service /^. totit iriiht 

from tobt (i. e. in 2;obe) treit^en, render strained to death ^O. tilt 

©intjuorticrunflcn refera to the burden of quartering soldiers ^/ 

9('jgatiCn refers to the burden of contributing for the support of the 

war ^^. in^icid^f referring to <3toIjc^^ and 8d)mcr^c^ at the same 

time, would better bo placed after the latter ^S. cntUc^# from 

entlaffcn, render parted with 2^. .^acrCHr render 7i«i>; in German 

both sing, and plur. may be properly used in this sense JSS. ttJCflCllf 

prep. gov. gen., see p. 85. 10 ^<9. [me,^, translate long ago 27- 

cntloffcu (compare 28 ; render here dismlm'd) tDUrcit, see p. 15, 46 ; with 
the aid, however, of the adv. lanac, this form may be also properly do- 
fined as the pluperf. pass, with auxil. ivorbcn omitted. . . .3<^> ill .Oinfidjt 
(with g(;n.) means vnth regard to, as t;K. . . .2f). jctJc^ (for its si<rnifica- 
tion see Or. 155 * ; El. p. 181 f ) ifiici)3l»icu|ic^ for jcbcn Jtrico^bicnM, 


Page 39. Notes 30-5§. Page 40. Notes 1-11, 

see p. 35, 8. Render the clause exempt from all military duties SO. 

moliten fid) fclbft nil^t cntfj^ulHigcn, render refused to he exempt 

S/. jtt (compare p. 9, 53; serves here only to emphasize) fogar; render 

nay even S2., untcr VMXn^txitit etc, translate in various disguises 

and masks SS. tirangten ft(^ jU (here used reflex.), eagerly rushed 

to. This verb is predicate to all nouns enumerated from Siinglinge to 
Bunjfrauen.. . . .S4^. luoUtJil (see 3 and 8), render were anxious to. .. .36. 

\\ \ libcilf riiflcn^ both reflex. ; translate drill and equip themselves 

36. tl3Qr — gctDOriJen (indep. v.), y^(Z — become 37- DaS (demonstr. 

pron.) Sparta, alS W\^ti—:? — befangcu (from bcfingen, insep.), render 

Sparta, as— called her 38. ^Icrfcit> m. s. town 39. fi^ttUtc 

(compare 11) tJOHf resounded with 4-0. ^ricgglufi unti ^rieggmurtf/ 

render warlike din and enthusiasm 4/. in cineit Ucfiunggs unD (see 

p. 36, 23) 2Bttffcn^ltt^, to or into a drilling-place and arsenal 4-2. 

tt)orX)» see p. 12,6 4S, SBaffi'itfi^micHiv f. s. armory 4^. 2)a^ 

tuor l)tt0 fdjbnfic bci — , Da^ — / render The noblest feature of— was , that — 

4-5. UntcrjC^iCilC— 5l(tcrn and Stufcn {con.dition)^ better rendered 

in the singular 46. dcri^cffcit (past part, of yeroietTen, Gr. 238, 36; 

El. p. 119) unD aumc{)oben (of m^Ulm, to abolish, see p. 27, 11) itjarcn* 

see p. 15, 46 ^7- .^etieiv every one 48. fid) ictttiit^igtCf from 

bemut^igen (derived from 2:)entut{)), v. a. here refl., to humilate one's self. 

49. ^ingttb (supply fid) from last verb), from l^ingebcn, here refl. to 

devote one's self. 60. luo for in welrf)en, in which 6/. ntO^C (0C* 

fii^l, render here grand idea 62. ttflc onHeren ©cfii^lc tJCrf(^lttng 

(from ^jerfc^Iittgeitf see p. 31, 25), render absorbed all other feelings. . . .63. 
ttHc ttltbcrc fonfi crlaubtC 9iiitffid5tcn» unusual inflection instead of alle 
anbercn foniT; erlaubteit (Gr. 128) 64. auft)Obf see 46 66. U (serv- 
ing here instead of conj. bay) points to the following clause ; this con- 
struction, as in English, gives a certain pathos to the diction 66. 

glcid)f render equal 67. tOOQten, see 8 68. Cl^ob, from er^ebenf 

to elevate. 

Page 40.—/. njobOttf i. e. »on wclc^en (viz., 0)flid)t and (Strekn) 

S. fie refers to ^erjen following ; render by ichich they were animated. 

— 3. oUc ^crjen, ace. object to er^ob 4, tJo§ ^Jiclirigc^ etc., adj. 

used as substantives, see p. 9, 6 6. getitmmclboQ, render turbulent. 

6. iicm— cine fo toeite 93o^ti gebffnet ifl, translate which has a 

broad sway 7. ttuffommcn^ render prevail 8. SBiIti^"it trans- 
late rudeness 9. unter ben $Baffen> render literally under arms. 

/O. Orfj^Ier^t bcir ^rau?nr translate female sex //. iJUrdj, ren- 
der through, or bv.... /3. ftHenf^Udie (^arflcn unb 9Wiiftcn, render 

mortal cares and troubles /3. bic QluSjichcn^iCU, pres. part, used as 

noun, translate those taking the field /4. (3a&cn, render contrihu- 


Page 40, Notes 15-43. 

tioiis /6. tic 3Um X\it\\, translate many of which /O. ri't^rcttlls 

ftcn, superl. of pres. part, ru^renb, touching, used as adj //. iDargCs 

bra^t lOorDcn filiD, perf. pass, of barbringen, sep. comp. irr., see p. 15, 56. 
— /8. Uie Dcitt JiJatcdanlic cmig tljcurcn 91amcu (see p. 16, 59), ren- 
der those names of wives and virgins forever dear to the country /O. 

fiufrcit'ncnf enumerate J^O. in cinjcliicit SBo^nungen, in private 

dwellings 2/. Uic .^ungcmlJCU (see 13), from ^ungern, v. n. to he 

hungry ^^. UcrbunDcil (from »crbinben, see p. 38,33) l^a&cn ; this 

uuxil. serves to form perfect of geilcibct, etc 23. gcff^afj C3, see p. 

21, 51 34.. 0c&ii^rtc Scrlin i)cr 5>orrani3. Construe: subject ber 

S5crrang {the first place) gcbii^rte {was due) JBcvIin, dat. gov. by the verb 

{to Berlin) 26. e0, viz., ©erlin; see p. 15, 19 26. ktuicfcil, 

from Ocwcifcn, insep. comp. irr., see p. 30, 15 27- fcinct refers to 

23erlirt 28. ju fcin, jrov. by »erbicm 29. %xVJit Xii), imperat., 

compare p. 13, 17. The city of Berlin apostrophized 30. Jjciuct 

(5^rcn, gen. gov. by the verb ; see p. 34, 13. Render : Rejoice in thy 
honors, brave city I . . . .3/. UcrfiJI^nt ; this verb is now-a-days only used 
with reference to persons offended, while to exudate trespasses (undoubt- 
edly meant here) is ex[)ressed by fu^ncn, v. a 32. ItttDiUc^ plur. of 

Unbitt, comp. of negat. prefix m\ and S3 III, f. s., antiquated for dttdjt or 
©cfc^. Neither gender nor formation of plur. aie fixed by use, as the 
word is rarely employed ; most writers give it as fem. and form the 

plur. Unbilben. Translate itrongs 33. HJCtlJCn tuictsCr if)rcn SBo^r.fiij 

lici i)ir OUffl^Iajcn, render icill again dwell within thy walls. . . .34^^. ^rf) 

fogC nur ilO§ Sine, nnidcr To he hrief I may say 36. 63 ttJttr, etc., 

see p. 23, 6 36. toic liuri^ cin SSuntlcr ©OttCi^, render ly a divine 

miracle, as it were 37- cntftoitlJCn, see p. 10, 1. Render tBttr cnt* 

fianDcn, had arisen 38. ^ot— fidj offcnWrt, render has glorious-y 

manifested itself. . . .3,9. iff — txWxntW, perf. of erfd)eineit, see p. 15, 65. 

4-0. (jattcu (v. indep.) translate here had gained hrilliant Hrtorirs 

at, or had the laurels of— to glory in 4/. ^JcJ^rbcHin [where the Great 

Elector, Frederic William of Brandenburg (whose successor beca^Do 
first king of Prussia in 1701), defeated the Swedes, June 18, 1675] ; 
^odi'fiiiDt (the English call this the battle of Blenheim, August 13, 
1704); Zmm (May 23, 1700); 2«al|)ltt^uct (Sept. 13, 1709); in these 
three battles the united German and English defeated the French. 
Ko^ftttl^ (Nov. 5, 1757, French an 1 Austrians defeated); ficutljcn (Dec. 
5, 1757; Austrians defeated); Jlornon (^'ov. 3, 1700; Austrians de- 
feated); ^ornborf (Aug. 25 and 26,1758; Russians defeated); tlies,- 
four victories were won by Frederic the Great in the Seven Years' ^^'ar. 
42. ftC f)o6cn nie, etc.; this clause stands in emphatic contradis- 
tinction against the preceding, expressed sim])ly by a mark o*' susmc n- 
eion. ...43. (©ro^)* ©iJrft^ca (the united Germans, English r.nJ 


Page 40. Notes 44-59. Page 41. Notes 1-7. 

Russians defeated the French, May 2, 1813) ; bet Bat^ha^ (tie ^apad) is 
a river in Silesia, where the united Prussians and Russians under 
Bliicher defeated the French under Macdonald, Aug. 36, 1813) ; ^cnitCs 
t:i^ (Bernadotte, king of Sweden, defeated the French under Marshal 
Ney, Sept. 6, 1813) ; fictlljig (great battle of nations, where the Prussians 
and their allies defeated Napoleon, Oct. 16-19, 1813). The above names 
of battlefields record the most important and brilliant victories in the 

history of Prussia 44. tntt cincttt fo gro^cn ©cifjc, with such 

unanimity and enthusiasm 4^5. Sai^C, translate cause. . . .4^6. 1)00 

Sj^tocrt gcjogcn, render literally drawn the sword 4-7- fret ttt^mcit, 

to breathe the air of freedom 48. JU tJcn StcrnCtt, render up to the 

stars 49. Miden and andetctt may be considered either 1st pers. pL 

pres. inji. or more properly infinitives gov. by fonnen 60. al0 liic ba, 

etc.; supply fold^e before tie; (xU folc^e is apposition explanatory to St'm" 
ber; render the whole : That we can once more look with joy upon our 

children as future freemen 6/. i)a0 (demonstr. pron.) recapitulates 

the preceding clauses initiated with ba§, and expressing the object of 

banfen wit 62. nddjji (prep. gov. dat.), render next to 6S. 93c^ 

ginncrn (derived from kginnen, see p. 23, 23), TQudiQY founders ; dat. gov. 

by banfen. 64. ^crtliji^fcit render glory 66. fie, i. e. biefc 

Seginncr, i. e. btc 9)rcu§en 66. un0 uktgen (see p. 12, 5) ^eutft^cn; 

about the dat., see p. 10, 50. Render to the rest of us Germans 67- 

tuie Derft^ielicnc Xiamen— aui$, etc. (see p. 15, 40). Render whatever 
different names (i. e. as countrymen of the different German kingdoms, 

etc.), etc 68. fit^ren (of names, titles, etc.), to have. .. .69. ges 

tuortien (with auxil. jtnb preceding), perf. ind. of teerben, here indep. v. 
Render they have become. 

^et Srlfiimg. 

Page 41.—/. ^er C^dfomg {or ^xltnVMo), in Northern Mythology, 
king of the elves, ethereal being of human shape, sometimes kind, 
mostly hostile to mankind, residing in forests and lonely places, apt to 
fall in love with mortal beauty, which, if unsuccessful' in gaining pos- 
session of, he will mysteriously harm or kill. Elves and their kin are 
of frequent occurrence in popular German tales. The present celebrated 
poem, with the exception of the first and the last verse, constitute 
a dialogue, viz. Verse 2, 4 and 6 : child and father. Verse 3 and 5 : 
Erlking. Verse 7 : Erlking and child. . . J3. ^ur«^ 9ltt(^t unll SBintl 

(render storm) ; for absence of art. see p. 14, 4 S. ber JStttcr. com. 

pare p. 9, 9, with p. 24, 2 4. tX ^ot hJO^l render he holds— securely, 

— 6. in licm ^Irntf see p. 9, 28 — 6. SaS for warum, why 7. birgfl 


Page 41. Notes 8-37. 

from bcrgen, poetical for »ert)ergen, see p. 28, 11 8. 35atcr, apposition 

to bu, poetically preceding 9. Dcit (irifonig; the object of the pre- 
ceding clause repeated and amplified /O. @(^tDCif, poetical for 

©c^roanj ; means here a waving train of aerial garments //. gar, 

adv. render here mry or right (adv.) /2. 2Uani^' (see p. 13, 22) trans- 
late many /S. mani^' giilDcit [poetical for golben(c)^] (see p. 12, 16) 

@ettontJ» render many a golden gown /4. unt) prcjif etc. ; unb liero 

simply serves to render the language more pathetic ^5, 2Ba0» relat. 

pron , see p. 35, 2 ^6. l)crf|in(§t from dcrfprec^en, see p. 9, 30 

17. @et> imperat. of fein, see p. 9, 11 /6*. fttttfclt from faufcln, derived 

from jaufcn. Analogous to diminutive nouns, the German language 
forms diminutive verbs, as it were, by inserting an I in the infin. ter- 
mination en and changing the radical vowel of the verb ; this has g(?n- 
erally the effect of modifying or weakening the signification of the 
original verbs ; often, however, the sense remains michanged or the 
diminutive form takes the place of the original one, which is dropped. 
E. g. lac^en, to laugh, lac^cln, to smile ; tropfen, to drop, tropfcln, to drip ; 
tanjcn, to dMnce,X<m<iSxi., to trip on tip-toe; thus also faufcn, to whiz or 

roar, faufcln, to rustle 79. fctncr ^m^t, bu, see 8 20. Hirf) ttior^ 

ten. This verb, when used in the sense of llflegen or (jiitenf governs the 

ace. (compare p. 10, 90) 27. ft^bn, adv. to ivartcn; render the two 

words : to take good care of. 22. fii^ren, render lead or preside over. 

2S. Oiei^'n^ poetical for %ax[\ 2^. UniJ (supply subject fic, viz. 

!Wcinc 3:od)tcr) tuiegcn uni) tanjen uni) fingcn Hidi ein ; popular phrases 
(only einwicgen, to rock to sleep, admissible in prose), the word ein refer- 
ring to the change effected, viz. from a waking into a sleeping condi- 
tion 26. am, contr. of an bcm, render in that, etc 26. (g§ f^cinen^ 

etc., see p. 22, 6 27. niit^ reijt iJeine, etc. ; the verb, and with it 

the object, preceding for the sake of emphasis 28. folgfi i)U, conj, 

JDenn omitted; see p. 16, 20 29. 6raut^' x^i pros, instead of future, 

see p. 24, 37 ; render I shall use force 30. fn^t — on, from anfaffcn, to 

grasp 3/. ^ot mix txn Ccit)e0 gcl^an, an idiom of rare occurrence; 

better \)<xi mir ein Ceib anoief^an (from ant^un) ; render simply has hurt me. 

32. ^em 35ater graufet'S, impers. phrase gov. dat. ; see p. 37, 80 ; 

about the pres. tense see p. 21, 2 33. cilft^fnll (pres. part, used as 

adj.) from adj^en, derived from ad) ! interj. denoting pain 3J^. (^rrcidjtf 

supply subject cr 35. lien ^of^ render his home 36. mit SWiil)' 

unb '^Qi%, proverb, phrase; translate after many troubles or through 

great efforts 37- ^n feincn ^rtnen IJOS ^ini). poetical inversion of 

2)a^ ^inb in, etc. 


Page 42. Notes 1-28. Page 43. Notes 1-1,3. 

Page 42.—/. ^tc niii^tii^c ^ccrft^au; render Midnight Beview. 

^. SlttJ^t^/ see p. 14, 3 J. Uttt render here at (Gr. 459, IX, 6 

■4-. berldp from iierlaffen, insep. see p. 11, 81 ; inversion due to adverb. 

phrase preceding o. aHaijt— iJic ^UttHc, military phrase; render 

7nakes the rounds 6. Q^t^t, supply unb, since this is the last predi- 
cate to the subject ber !lambour f- ^J^lttQCl (dim. of ®d)lag, derived 

from fd)la9en), drum-sticks 8. fo glcit^ for fogIeid> 9. fdjlaot from 

fd)lagen, see p. 15,50 /O. fjingct, for (lingt; Gr. 269,* (167); El. 

p. 129 //. ^at; supply subject fie /2. @g ettDadjClti etc., see 

p. 22, 6 /S. tiadottf i. e. tion bemfelkn, viz. bem 3;on /4. XlnD Uic, 

relat. pron., see p. 35, 2 /6. drftarrt, supply fmb to form perf, see 

p. 11, 45 /6, UuU Die, see 14 //. SBclfc^Ionil (better SBalfc^Ianb, 

related to Wale» and Gaul), a poetical and therefore somewhat indis- 
tinct appellation, embracing the countries in which the Romance 
languages are spoken, France, Italy, Spain, etc. . . ./6*. JU (jei^f supply 

if} /9. Unll J)tC (see 14), here ace. object to bcdt, while in the 

preceding verse it is subject. . . . ^O. (Bit recapitulates the three bie 

preceding ^/. ftcigcit (see p. 36, 14) au§ translate rise from 

^^. Uni) neljmeit'^ (peculiarly abbreviated from nel)men ba^) ©clue'^r jur 

.^anU; render A?id take up the rifle ^S. f(l)mcttert ill tlic Xvotttpttt, 

a poetical hysteron proteron for bldjl in bie ^Irompetc, bap fte f(|mettert; trans- 
late gives a flourish on his trumpet 24-. foittlttcn— ^Cffict from ^zxli'u 

fommen (auf) to come {out of) 26. ^n SBttffcn manj^crlci, poetical 

inversion ; compare p. 37, 24; and render in manifold arms 26, 

@g grinfcn, see 12 27. unter liem .^Clmc ^crOor render /r(?;ri under 

their helmets 28. (g0 ^alten (see 12) em|lor translate here present 


Page 4 3. — /. ^omnit langf am l^crgcrittcit, see p. 25, 2 ; supply 

subject er 2. umjieben, past part, of umf(eben, to surround ; attrib. to 

^elb()crr 3. tragt, from tragen (see p. 25, 31) ; render wears 4. tin 

fl?inc0 ^Vii^tn ; the double dim. is used here rather poetically than for 

emphasis' sake (see p. 12, 8j S. ciufad) for cinfad)e^, see p. 12,16. 

6. ctltnt flctncn 2)C9Cll tragi er^ merely poetical inversion without 

any particular emphasis 7- m flcincil render with the little 

8. ft?f]t fi-^'i (dat.)— an from an|ct)cn, to look at, to review ; the verb is not 
used reflexively ; the dat. fid) simply conveys the idea of for himself, ly 

himself 9. iic 9{cil)en translate here the lines W. tag GJctCC^r 

(see p. 9, 9) render here arms //. ,jirl)t— iJOfiificr from Uorit6cnieI)cn, 

to pass /2. mit flinr^cnJJCm Silicic render with full bands playing. 

/3.\ .lic^cu (see p. 32, 18) um i^n einen ^Vt\8, render form a circle 


Page 4;{. Notes 14-25. Page il. Notks 1-16. 

around him /4, bCItt niil^ficn (viz. marshal or general) iu'ti D^r, see 

p. 9, 21. Translate tlie whole: IVie coraniander softly whinpers a word 

into the nearest ear /o. fjcfjt in Uic JHttnDC, render the word passes 

round /6\ illini m.COCr (supply subject ed> from ttlicJcrUingcn, sep. 

comp. irr. ; see p. 42, 10 ; p. 33, 9 //. ^IC ^OfUltg, supply ifi 

/S. OiunDC. poetical for 9fiuubfcf)au, f. s., review /9. Dcr toDtC (idfttr/ 

dead Cesar, a poetical appellation of Napoleon I. 

^cr Sicg. 

^O. flrittCtt from flreiten, Gr. 349 (90) ; El. p. 130 ^/. ttJCr for mU 

<()ca. The Vices being personified here, take the masc. gender ^^. 

am eifrigftcn^ superl. Gr. 141 ; El. p. 46 :SS. gctncfcn fci ; for use 

of subj. see Gr. 421, §.71 (3); El. 123, Note ^4. ^cm Sbfcn, 

euphemism for the devil, the evil one; dat. gov. by bienen, which is 

accompanied by ju* because design is indicated in what precedes 

^S. ^Cn <SiC0/ etc. ; object preceding for sake of emphasis. 

^ i c ti f i nn . 

Page 44. — /. Suj)f|)tet Don. In German the article is frequently 
omitted in colloquial language. In English the indef. article should be 
supplied here. The prepos. son is used in German to indicate authorship. 

(Gr. i^^, * 11, 3. Compare also p. 353, II (1) ; 353, II, (7) ^. ^frau 

— ©uttilt. Notice, that these words, though synonymical {wife or 
spouse) aro very judiciously applied here. The Old Couple (Slu^borf and 
^at^ari.ia) have a sort of old-fashioned homespun atmosphere about them 
exactly harmonizing with the term %xan (considered the most appro- 
priate word in addressing a lady), while a certain cast of fashionable, 
stylish high-life, which the reader will notice in the Young Couple 

(9ltfreb and Smma) is prettily implied by the expression QdM'm 

«?. ^cinrtJ^/ Henry ; CidbetJ). popular abbrev. of ^lifaOct^f Lizzie. . . . 
4-. ^icnfirn. This word, when meaning employ, is frequently used in 

the plural 6. mod)' OUf » imperat. of aufmad)cn, to open (viz. the door). 

6. ix'iii cltl; from eintrctcn, see p. 15, 18 ; p. 34, 21 7. f|clfen» see 

p. 33, 19 ; giiY. dat. (bir) ; see p. 28, 18 8. 2Bcr foU (for foUtc, see p. 

32, 40) e3 Uenn fcl)Cn I* render Now ivho sJiould see itf 9. jtt/ see p. 

9, 52 /O. jcticn Slugenbltrf, see p. 15, 5. . . .//. auf licr ^flut^t, render 

on tJie icing, as it were /<?. am 93cftcn» superl. of adv. woI)t ; Gr. 321, 

IX; El. 106. .../S. hJttS ttJorc bttkif what of it?. . . . /4. ^(^ fjftamte (im. 
perf subj. for Ist condit.) mid^ tot)t (comp. p. 39, 19) ; render I should die 

for sliame /o. cr toirD— fiifffit, see p. 13, 11 /6. SBIe longc 

Ulirt) bcnn baS noi^ Ijaucrn J* render Well, how long icill tJiut he? 


P. 44. Not. i7-;il. P. 45. Not. 1-10. P. 46. Not. 1-13. 

//. aU iJir Hc6 ifi (supply e^), impers. phrase ; render than you like. . . . 
/8. 2Bo0 iJttg \nx SteDea llilU ; see p. 14, 36 ; render What kind of talk i& 

that? /9. 2)CUi' on Has Xift^Derfen, render get to setting the table. 

^O, ^orige, briefly for 2)ie SJorigen ^/. blcibt— itc^cn, see p. 

22, 15 ^^. X^nvt for 2:^ur ^S. Xtt ^tvx St^toiegeroatcr, etc., 

see p. 18, 32 ^4. fommcit^ see p. 24, 37 ^S. frcttcn fid,V comp. 

p. 13, 17 ^&. (g^cleute, see p. 20, 8 ^7- \)m, a sound expressing 

both doubt and suspense ^6*. Xa& tf)nt 9iil$tg ; i^ aUI^ Itil^t, render 

Mver mind; neither can I. ^9. ftnt) un§ fel6fl (dat.) gcnag^ render 

svffice for one another SO. &nt fo, well then S/. Oer Xi\^ ifl 

QtUcdtt render the table is set. 

Page 45.—/. ^a3 fi^iift ftJ^ fo, see p. 29, 18 ^. 2)Uinmc§ ^cug, 

nonsense S. matt; see p. 15, 20 4-. fcrtig ^at see p. 14, 30 

S. mti (dat. [fei]) Jiob, (?^d &e praised f .... 6. @ott fci 2)attf! (see 5) 

^^anA; (?o<i.' 7. l)cr lic&C @3tt, see p. 13, 38 S. Slifj (compare p. 

41, 33) here indicates impatience and slight disgust ; render pshaw/ 

9. tlU tnu^t ni(f)t fo freigciflcrifd^ li^Utt (the latter verb means here 

to act or behave) ; render do not act liks a freethinker /O. WliX ^U 

8ie6c (probably made from aui Siebc ju mir), render To please me, or Do, 

for my sake //. utn Ctltltt0 hxttt, omit urn in translation /2. unb 

tnctttt tJU, etc., for fclf)|l wenn bu, even if, etc /»?. ^cl^tl SWal. The iter- 
ative affix mal (unlike the English " time ") often remains unchanged 

even when treated as a noun. Gr. 148, VI, 3 ; El. 37 (3) 74. SBic 

teiir ttlir tiolif render Whafs that? /6. fol^ i)ummc0 S^Ug. See 

p. 19, 20 /G. blO0 for Un, adv. oti?^^. 

Page 46. — /. ®u triiutttfl ttJO^Ir render T believe you are dreaming. 

2. O'ficr btft tJtl, etc., etc. Render Or did you get up this (^eute) 

morning wrong side foremost f «?. (|5 if} ittcitt drnft, /«?«- m earnest. 

/f.. ViVi^ (for auc^, e^JCTi) tuetttt 5)u iiii!^ auf !Jcn ^o^f ficUft, et^m if 

you stand on your head, i. e. ichatever you may try 6. :^a§ tuotlen 

irir borf) fcljctt. That remains to be seen 6. qibfi [giebil, Gr. 237, N. 

(1) ; El. p. 118 *] iitti^, from nttf^gekn, see p. 10, 112 7- (Sigeitfitttt 

brei^Ctt, render to give up. . . 8, %vl ! an exclamation denoting phys- 
ical pain {he pinches her) 9. itttll^ fo j\tt britlfcit ; the infin. may be^ 

said to be governed by '^ix^li^ (though logically more than grammat- 
ically), or by some clause intended to follow but omitted, since, after 

the dash, she falls back into her old strain of thought ./O. ittit UttS 

ifl C8 att§f we are done {with each other) //. So gcl&'» go, then 

/2. gtebfl bu tttii^ ttuf (see 6), from aufgeben, render literally fS. 

Slbcr t>U fanitfl bojfj blc ^aor SSortc fogcn^ Tou might surely say those 
few words. About boc^> see p. 11, 57; paar^ a few, is an indef. numeral. 


Page 46. Notes 14, 15. Page 47. Notes 1-27. 

usually construed with the indef. art. ; tit is here more demonstr. pron. 
than article, since it points to those words about which the quarrel 

arose, viz., &cn \d Danf, ber Sifd) x\1 gcbecf t /^. 9iun, fo gel) jum— » a 

suppressed oath, frequently found in English plays, witness: Well, then 

go to— /J. aStr f|irC(^ett Ult^ (ace.) mittx; the verb can, in spite 

of\the ace, hardly be said to have been used reflex, here ; UttS is simply 
the object (accidentally coinciding with the subject), which this verb, 
when denoting ^0 ia^^ i6>, governs in the ace. Render: We shall speak 
on, this subject again. 

Page 47. — /. bcin 9lame refers to Gigenjinn, comically apostro- 
phized ^. ti^ fbnntc ftc toDt ft^Iogcn (see p. 39, 19), to kill; fie 

fagtc (imperf. subj. for 1st condit.), etc. Another idiomatic construction 
like that mentioned on p. 13, 20, where two clauses, which ought to be 
connected by a subord. conj. (here if), are simply co-ordinated without 
any conjunction. Render even if I were to kill her, she would not say it. 

3. fie men c3 fao?n obcr nij^t, iJohether she says it or not 4.. 

^^ (compare \\ 45, 8) hero expresses surprise and embarrassment 

6. toad i^r — im i^o|jfc ftetft, what is the matter with her 6. ftrforj^c 

noc^ cine, render /e^cA another 7- trinft gem, likes; see p. 18, 12. 

— S. Ob fie tttit i^rcm ftnjugc noi^ nii^t fcrtig ifl, render I loonder 

if she (meaning Smma) has finished her toilet 9. tiod}* render here, 

I think, or if 1 am right /O. Outcn SJiorgcn^ usual elliptical phrase 

as in English, French, Spanish, etc. ; supply 3d) ivimfd^e Dir einen //. 

SRaniK^flt ; the dim. in German is peculiarly expressive of tenderness 

and affection /2. ^ttft— 0Cf(^lttfen, perf. of fdtlafcn, v. n. Notice the 

use of the auxil. ^akn with a neuter verb and compare p. 11, 45 

fS. ^u fttnnfl noi^ frOj^cn, How can you ask? /^. SBcib (compare 

p. 44, 2) is the most common, but at the same time the deepest and 

most tender expression iov vife or spouse /6. ^Qg mu§ nun ttuf« 

loren^ these things must have an end now /6. fmtl Ucrljcirttt^ct, see 

p. 15, 40. . . J7- SSiirc bir bag \\t^, see p. 44, 17 f8. ^t nun, ren- 
der wj^^^ f9, ttflc SBclt (French, tout le monde), everybody JSO. 

in ber (S^t, trBnalate when married ^/. iHi mu& ttiidj auct) l)arauf 

gcfofet (from fi(^ f off en ouf— » to prepare one's self for— ) mad)cn, I have 

to prepare for it, too ^^. ^c Idngcr— Ucfio me^r, the longer— the 

more ^S. ntit bicfer 5lent)erunfl, render in changing also ,94.. 

tiertub^nfi, from ticrwoljnem to spoil. — ^J. bcjio ft^tnercr tnerbe i(^ 
llti^ nai^l^cr ^inctn ftntJen, render the harder it will be afterwards to 

content myself. JS6. ^tuift^cn i)em (neuter) hiic e§ ifl unD toic C8 

hior, TQniiQX between the Present and the Past 27. ougncfprod)Cn, 

from ttugfprec^en (see p. 9, 30), sep. comp. (see p. 17, 23) ; supply {jabe to 
form perfeot. 


Page 4§. Notes J --34. Page 49. Notes 1-4. 

Page 48.—/. SBle fbnntc ii\ auH), etc. (au^ is merely expletive here ; 

compare p. 18, 66), render And (or Pray) how could I, etc ^. ttliiier** 

ft Ijcii, insep. comp. Gr. 285 (11) ; El. 145 ; gov. dat., see p. 14, 5 S. 

tu:nu c§ fo frcunUlii^— gcrtJ^tft ift (see p. 15, 46), when it (i. e. the eye) is 

raised so friendly ^.. Soi^tc (or fad)t; synonymous with langfam) mcin 

^t:Xt Easy, Sir ! The address, mein -^err, being much less usual in German 

than Sir in English, bears a certain comical pathos 6. ^b^fteit^, adv. 

formed from the superl. of ^oct); Gr. 321, IX (2); El. 165 (2). Render 

at the utmost 6. !Wuii/ fo 0ett)a(jrc, Well, grant then 7- SBcifis 

^m, see p. 47, 11 8. lilciOcn IttngC/ supply wcg, from tUCgMeikn, sep. 

comp. irr 9. ®lc %XiX%t ttJOr iJtr (for ijon bir) nidjt bcbai^t; this 

question you had not well considered /O. fte (i. e. bie i^rage) fu^r 

(p. 27, 28) mir fo I^crau0 (from l^eratt0fa|ren, sep. comp. irr., to rush out, 

hurry out, etc.), render it inadvertently escaped me //. I^b^ft^ very, 

or highly, see 5 /2. 6t, Ct (expresses surprise, slight dissatisfaction 

and reproach at the same time), ^txx ®2mttf|I, see 4 fS. SBte (for 

oXi, lohen) id) cu§ nicincm dimmer trctC (notice pres. tense here and 
in the following verbs ; see p. 21, 2) ; translate In leaving my room. 
.. . ./4. ^^ W\U ftc^cn (see p. 22, 15), / stop. . . J 5. fic foUe, about 
the subj., see p. 15, 25. . . J6. iJcnn lia0 (supply fagte er, to govern this 
clause) miifetc man not§ tioUcntJctcr Slrficit t^un, render for that {said 

he) was proper, after the work was done /7- tueigrrtc fitf), from fic^ 

ireigern, v. refl., see p. 15, 24 /S. Defianil borauf, from bcflc^en auf— , 

to insist upon — /9. gcrictljcn, from %txa'Cc)Z\\, insep. comp. irr., see p. 

27, 10 20. fbrmUdjCtt ; this word (literally /orwa/, or in all form) 

is often idiomatically used to express the idea of real, or perfect, or 
quite a ; e. g. er i|l formlic^ unanciene^m, he is a perfect hore ; render here 
they quarrelled in aliform or they had quite a quarrel ^/. cr iDOttte, 

s3o p. 39, 8. . . .^^. ^c nun. see p. 47, 18 23. mon fbnntc tmmer 

noi!) frogcH/ render there is still room for the question. . . .^4. iXVX 
Cigcn(inniji|!cnf adv. superl., render adj. superl. with def. art. ; see p. 44, 

12 25. cr Bot fie Dorum, he asked her {for it) to do it 26. 

unkDcutcniJ, insignificant, trifling 27. fid)— nit^t rctljtfcrtigfn lii^t, 

render is unfounded, or unjustifiable, see p. 22, 16 28. ^tfj fln5C 

nid)i> I do not think 20. Unrest I^a6en^ to be wrong. Ft. avoir tort. 

SO. Strcttcn tuir (subj. expressing exhortation, see p. 34, 32) nid^t, 

render: Let us not dispute S/. S3?i Mil^, render -uith us. Gr. 454, 

IV, 5 S2. ficllt— an, from ttnfel)en, sep. comp. irr S3, fo cttlJO§» 

something like that, compare p. 45, 11 3^. ^vXi l^m! see p. 44, 27. 

Page 49.— /. JjU tt)uri>cfi> etc, supply conj. bap 2. borttuf 

ttJOlitC (formoc^te) i(i^ ttiettcn, rentier I would het anything 3. SBcttc, 

imperat. of tt>ctten ^. S5cvfuj^cn ttJir» usually given as imperat. 1st 


Page 49. Notcs 5-15. Page 50. Notes 1-27. 

pere. plur., but really subj,, see p. 48, 30 /). 2Ba8 bo5 fiir tin JBcr* 

langctt ifl. What a request / see p. 44, 18 6. ^ittt, pray, or please! 

7. jo, see p. 9, 53 8. Dorouf fommt eg ntt^t Oltf render ^/ia^ is 

not the questian 9. (gg ^onUcU flJ^ ttur borum, ttt^, an impersonal 

phrase, see p. 21, 51 ; render the point at issue is only, that 70. %\\ 

tl)Ufi Ultrci^t mit eincr folt^cn (see p. 19, 20) 93iltC/ translate You are 

wrong in asking such a thing //. fie (i. e. tie SBitte) mxx ttbjufl^logctt 

(from obfi^Iageu, sep.), in refusing it /2. fo 6tttJO0, seo p. 48, 33. 

/3. aSelJjc SBartc, what expressions /^. bcfiimtnt, past part. 

of kllimmcn, to fix, set down, here used adverbially ; render certainly. 
.... /6. ^ufl (exactly the same word as in English, inelegant for 

Page 50.—/ ^cr Sittc (dat.) pttc \^ (pluperf. subj. for 2d condit.) 
UicUcit^t no^gcgckn (from nadjgeben, sep. v. gov. dat.), tstvx Scr* 
langen tUCtd^C (gov. dat.) i(^ nij^t. Render : If politely asked, I might 

have yielded, but if commanded, I shall not ^. ttiit\i tJU— ttuf» 

from ouftreten, sep. v. n. comp. irr. ; render to hehace 3. ^jl Da8 

ttX 2Jott, in tStVX, etc., render Is that the language of a wife toward her 

husband? ^. HBedangcn (nom. pi.) forms, together with finb, the 

predicate to foId)e 3:&ort)etten. .. .6. bic cin 9Jlann an fcinc (>j.ittin ficUt, 

lender of a hu^a7id to his wife 6. loffcn for gelaffen, seo p. 21, 41, 

render here left {ox forgotten) ; the phrase may be interpreted either as 
announcing a disposition to cry or as a pretext for leaving the room. . . . 
7- trctbc (imperat.) — nil^t (big) QUf Die S<Jil?C, translate do not go too 
far in 8. ^U Mfi Cg, see p. 37, 10 9. IciUcn (v. a.), render en- 
dure /O. bin ilJ| eg (refers to eigenfmnig; to be omitted in transla- 
tion) gar nii^t, / am not at all (viz., stubborn) //. ^u bifl Cg, 

again omit ea /5. inUem, conj. render since fS. ttuf ciner 

SJ^or^eit bcfic^ft, see p. 48, 18 /4. begrcifc iJOl^, pray, understand. 

f5. eg ifl mxx JU t^un (urn)— impers. phrase; render / care 

{for)— /O. obft^Iiigfl, from obfi^lOBcn, see p. 35, 17 /7- ttuf^ 

JUl^oren — don* to stop talking of /8. ^tf^t tior, from yprge^cn, to 

have the preference, to come first {in order) f9. fiir nibnlit^ ^alten, 

to think possible 20. 8ie^', look here ^/. bic IPliinner aUCf 

inversion not usual, slightly pathetic 22. plei 1)()CrC(fjtinte i?reunt)in, 

render a friend wlio is your equal 23. fo fanj^t tie Unterjoi^unfj Vin 

(from anfatti^cn), render thus our slavery commences. . . .24^. id) loffc mi^ 
ni^t jur Sflatlin mai!^en^ render I shall not allow myself to be made a 

dave 25. big ttuf, render to 20. 2)ro^un9en— ro^er (HehJOlt, 

dat. gov. by unterwcrfcn (here refl. m\6)).. . . .27- iJiC <S(^rift (for bie 
^cilige <3d)rift), the Scriptures. 


Page 51. Notes 1-30, Page 52, Notes 1-9. 

Page 51,—/. ^u teittfi iJcr §crr» supply fein ^. ii^ crfcnne— aii; 

from aner^fennen, double comp. sep. (ir. 280, VII ; El. 144 S. toie CB ft(ft 

Jtcmt (see p. 33, 30), as it behooves me 4. 2)il0 finD feinc 9Iu^l)rutfC/ ^k 

marit etc., render Such language is not used toicards those we esteem 

S. mutl)et man— ntd)t ja, from jumutl;en, sep. comp. gov. dat., to demand 
or expect of; this verb always implies the idea of injustice or at least un- 
fairness 6. iJarauS/ of it 7- 5lojf) Don only (a) — ago ^. 

ftel^ft J>U mir— OCgcniiber* from i3e(]cn^ubcr='ftcl)cn (see 2), gov. dat. Render 

you stand before me O. ttlfif hit (noun used in an abstract sense) 

render as a /O. ^^ fttJin ni&ft tJafiilV I cannot help it //. mir 

render from me or of me /^. ttJCl^ cin for toa^ fiir etn, see p. 21, 36. 

/S. 1)0§ (relat. pron. to 2Bei& and object in tbis clause) i^r Unglutf 

(subject) an, etc. ; ichotn misfortune chained to such a brute /4. <Bo 

Oil e^) xtitii, That's it /S. fitgc, add /6. SScr mir Da0 uor 

(Gr. 462, XIV; 2) cincr StuniJC flefagt fjattc (pluperf. subj. for 2d 
condit.) ; an elliptical phrase ; supply / should not have believed him. 

Render : / did not expect that an hour ago /7. id) ftailtt — ttuf, from 

oufltc^en, sep. comp. see 8 /8. \^ fiiijltc mis^ fo nI«^H^» omit mit^ in 

translation, since the verb is not reflex, but neuter in English f9. 

®i(c)&t eg (see p. 29, 18.). Alf takes up and finishes Emma's sentence ; 

the inversion, consaquently, is required by the preceding jetU 

JSO. f^rit^ C0 nur OU^^ why not say so ? J8/. iJcrtJ — abbreviated from 

»erbammt 22. fel&ft refers to mx \ translate it is foolish in us ([elbfl) 

to, etc 23. (Sie^ft — nti, from ciu[£f)cn, Gr. 279 (9) ; El, 139, to realize, 

-p^nceive 24-. @run-)> fti) (reflex, pron. refers to 9?temanb) ju Ucruns 

ciiligCHf render reason for quarrelling 2o. ^i) fommc iJir cntgCQKlf 

1 am making advances, I corns to meet you 26. madjCIt tuilV exhor- 
tative subj. let us have (or make) peace 27- 2)U Unart* you naughty 

one. Nouns denoting qualities, etc., are, as in English, sometimes used 

in addressing persons 28. VXli] fo JU quiilen/ see p. 46, 9 29. 

mix ju gicbe^ see p. 45, 10 SO. tJic |jaar S^ortc^ s^e p. 46, 13. 

Page 52.—/. ^mmcritoi^? Still the same? 2. jcijt ijl e0 m 

tslXi impers. phrase, it is your turn (French c'est a vous) ; compare Gr. 

453, 16 3. iJCinerfciti^ adv. comp. of ])ron. (bciner) and noun ((SeitCf 

f. s.) with adverb, termination g (Gr. 320, VII, 2) A. S^tiW tiom ttlls 

fangeitr to commence anew 6. (SiiDCf imperat. of euben 6. ^\t 

^ittttr SSortCf see p. 46, 13 7. a6crmaKl> adv. once more again 

S. %Vi\, fi'ijn^ \:\\X j't;on» well, quite well, very well. This expressive 
climax cannot be better rendered, since the English has only one expres- 
sion {well) for the German (\ut and fi)on. which may be said to denote the 

positive and the comparative of satisfaction ,9. ba& mir cill ©cfttflctt 

mii iJiefcr ftieiuigfcit gcfi^ic^t (for getljau votrb), render that I consider this 


Page 52. Notes 10-26. Page 5:J. Notes 1-lS. 

trifle afamr fO. C0 tttOg— Uon ttlir ((in me) feilt, impers. phrase, rt • 

der may he, it is—in me //. ju Ucrlongcii, gov. by (Sujcnfinn /i?. 

%\\ Ucn Dummcu SSorten fonn mir m^U licoen. Of course Ida not care 
for those stupid (or empty) icords. (Gr. 453, 1, 13) The verb fijnnen 
is often used as a mere exi)letive in German, and may then sometimes 
be translated by of course or similar phrases ; e. g". baiJ faun mir glcid)pltig 

fcin, that, of course, is immaterial to me ; compare also p, 19, 6 ^3. 

t% toiirc mir (imperf, subj. for 1st condit.), it icould he for me. . . ./4. ott 
bicfcm ©CttJCifc licgt mir 3)icl (compare 12), / care much for, or I place 

much xcdue in this proof fS. — aflcr 5lrt render all sorts of 

/6. UnD i>U tuiUfi mii^ licficn? And you say, you love me ? SSoden is 
idiomatically used here to express the idea of to assert, pretend, etc. ; it 

generally implies some incredulity at the same time //. nij^t cin^ 

mol» 'iiot even, not so much as /6*. xm, — 3U erttJeijcH/ see p. 11, 115. 

W. hJtrfft — tJOr from ijoriDcrfen, sep. v. a. gov. dat. (mir) 20. mit 

tOClf^cm 9iCi^tc> hy what right, or, better, what is your ground? 2/. 

gicbfl JU from jUijekn, sep. comp. irr., to admit 22. ItJotttc id), conj. 

mm omitted 2S. bcftc^ft Ollf bciltcm iiopfc^ you insist upon your 

own (way) 2S. ftc lofffll (indep. v.) bi^ fait, literally they leave you 

cold, i. e. they do not move you 2 J. ftcficP Uu ttuf iicincm SSiUcin 

see 23 2&. OJlangcl on, render lack op. 

Page 5J?. — /. ^ic §crrfti] often, usual expression with servants speak- 
ing of their masters ; render The master and mistress 2. ^^crfairg, 

imperat. of tJCrbergcn, insep. comp. irr., see p. 28, 11 S. 2Bo§ foUcil 

ftc, etc.. What icill they, etc 4-. 9WeincttDC0Cn (Gr. 393, §. 32, Note), 

render for all I care 5. ItJaS dOV^jCgaugciI, from Uorgeticn, sep. comp. 

irr. V. n 6. \i) fiifjlc mid), see p. 51, 18 7. 9iimm (from nc^men)— in 

5li!)t (derived from ad)tcn, esteem), see vocab. under ad^t 7- Ojutcit 

SJlorrtCllf see p. 47, 10 S. Ijc, mic gc^t't^ .'* Well, how are you? or more 

familiarly as in the German, how goes it ? the phrase is abbrcv. from 

trie (^c^t e^ cud)? (or 3t}ncn) 0. (3i'iu Sic (for Scicn Sic), see p. 41, 17, 

render literally, omitting subj. Sic /O. (fi, see p. 48, 12 //. l)u 

UiXlfX Uit^ fcltcn, render you are seldom seen, or you 're quite a stranger. 

f2. SSi'ip fdjOll (supply subj. id)), render simply I know /3. q:i 

ii)rc— render of her ///-. ^ag ift licr SScIt Haw], the last word is 

here used in })lacc of the more usual 33raud), custom ; translate : sucli is 

the way of all th- world /.T. toic C5 i:i Dcr Si;rift (see p. 50, 27) fkljtr 

as the Scriptures say /O. ^H^'^t fo, ftint) I* Don't you, child? 

/7. aBolIni ttlir UIU^, etc., Shdl we not, etc. . . ./8. ^^ bill'^ (Inn cc) ^u* 
fri?l)C!l, / have no ohjcdinis. Notice that uifricbcn here idiomatically 
governs a word (c<?) in the ace. as a direct object, as it were, while 
usually it is construed, as in English, with the prep, mit (bamit jufricbcu). 


Page 53. Notes 19-32. Page 54. Notes 1-35. 

79. §trr (So^n (for ©d)it)le3erfo^n), see p. 18, 32 20. ^u Cttl^ ^cr, 

to your house 27. §d^tt imitates tlie good-natured chuckling of 

elderly gentlemen 22. ^u Ijaft X)t^ — 0C)f^t^ you have taken your 

place 2S. cin gcfl^citJtcr (ginfaU toon bm a happy idea on your part, 

a lucky thought of yours 2//-. t)ic» demonstr. pron., they 26. 6ci 

cinanticr/ translate together 26. UligcnicParf literally mipalataUe, 

i. e. lost, not to he had 27' ^ia^ fto^t ail, Now, touch glasses (before 

drinking ; a German custom. The French have adopted it together 

with the accompanying verb, and call it trinquer) 28. ttOI^ tJtclc 

%^%t, etc., supply 3d^ xom\^t eud); compare p. 47, 10 29. ^ot cS Ctncit 

(g^cfittntlgttUftvitt gcgcbCtt (impers. phrase ti giebt); ham you had a 

matrimonial scene? SO. Sofe i)tt^> etc., object bai3 preceding..... 

S/. m^i iJer Oicbc (gen. gov. by) ttJcd^f not worth mentioning 

32. i\\, too. 

Page 54. — /. 5lu^ — nod)? translate: even — also 2. in ©cgcit* 

tuart see p. 14, 4 S. fo cthJoS fomml hio^l uon swc/i things uM 

happen J^. 6ei)Crrf£l)Cn, here used reflex.; govern myself 5. 

I^ttdc mit mir ^tXim'^\\f have struggled against myself 6. ^i, ti 

(compare p. 48, 12), .^crr St^tl)iC0er|ol)n — (compare p. 44,23), Now, what 

is this, sir? 7- ^ft/ a sound imposing silence, hush! 8. tltifd)C 

(here reflex.) Jjid) ni^t lit/ do not interfere tvith 9. gcl^l — ait> from 

angef)cn (v. a.), gov. ace fO. ot§ ^dttc ii), conj. tncnn omitted //. 

i^r cine uncrOortc ^ronfnng jnt^cfiigt; render grieved her most atro- 
ciously /2. mitt^eilcnf render relate /3. Suffcn fic l)at1» Never 

mind /4. c^clidjcn, (derived from (£^e, f. s.), matrimonial /6. 

S^ncn Qcgcniiftcr, lefore you /6. 3fl mi]i mi\){%, supply 3)ae. 

/7- SSir filaubcn ^U)U, we imagine nothing f8. Co^ lioj^, 

pray,let him tell /9. I^cutc SJlorgcnf this morning 20. Don iicr 

fihikt^/ see p. 34, 11 2/. fic foUe fascn, see p. 48, 15 22. 

untJ — gcrictf) (from jierat{)cn, insep. comp. irr., to get into) ; this clause is 

still gov. by the relat. pron. ber 2S. o(^ ftC iJttS nidjt (supply t^un) 

iooUtc; see p. 14, 30 24-. fioi^cnl)/ attrib. to id) 26. mcincr 

^roU/ dat. gov. by erjaljlte 26. ft^mci^clntl/ see 24 27- im 

Si^crjC/ /<9r a>A;€ 28. fic motf)tc, etc., f|jrci^ctt (for outM|Jrcrf)cn, to 

pronounce) ; see p. 9, 27. Render she should, etc 29. '!ta prcn fic 

fd&flf Now you hear it yourselves 30. Qlficg tnirft Ct mir doiv «^2 

this I am accused of. 3/. Sic fijnncn mir ficjcngcnf You can lyea/r 

me witness 32. 9'Jo, na (appeasing) Well, well 33. ba t^ufl lift 

^inma (dat. gov. by the verb) Unrcdjt, now you are unjust to Emma. 
...3^. jtuiff^cn cud) brongen (hero rofl. im^), intrude upon your • 
affairs 36. Ucrfi)^ncn» here used rtifljx. (cud}) ; render: to get recoTir 


P. 64. N. 36. P. 55. N. 1-22. P. 56. N. 1-17. 

cited 36. SBIttf. loffcn toir (see p. 48, 30) i)ic (Stt(^c uncriirtcrt. 

Pray, let us drop the subject. 

Page 55.—/. !Darum bittc it^ ouift, / msh the same ^. mir 

t)a0 i^l'Mdftwrf/ ^y breakfast (see Gr. 394, §. 36, Exc.) S. f(^on, ren- 
der by all means, or surely j^. ctttiO0 for ein JDcmg, a little J. 

Itad^fc^ettr to jmrdon, overlook ; gov. object of the person in the dat. 

(ciner ^rau), where the English use the prep, m 6. ftc luirll ft^ 

(see p. 54, 35) ft^on 0CtUO^UCn (refl.*; ftd}) she will get trained by and by, 

lam sure 7- tJCrlaugtc^ imperf. subj. for 1st condit. {if I should ask 

her) 8. glcid), at once O. im (Srnfic, in earnest fO. Stttc, 

f^reiftcn \mx, etc., see p. 54, 86 //. i)o0 ift mir no(^ nit^t dorflCs 

ifomtncn (compare p. 54, 3) ; from borfommcn, sep. comp.- irr. gov. dat. 

(mir); that is more than I ever experienced /2. i)o§ m\X^ in'§ ^(arc 

Qe6rai!^t lucrDettf that must be settled at once /3. cinmaL when con- 
nected with an imperat. (here fagc), simply expresses entreaty (analogous 

to fcoc^, p. 11, 57) and may either be omitted or rendered by pray 

/4. J!oB mid^ jufricticn, Leai:e me alone! /6. fiir mij^, by myself. 

^6. aug tiotlcm -^crjcn/ with deep emotion /7. ^(itl^lljcn; dim. 

of ^at^erina, Kate, dear /8. ^cttt), see 17, Kittie /9. tJOg ifl mir 

ttU&cr bcm <S|JO§Cf that is past joking 20. gcbcn (cin SeifpicI) ren- 
der set {an example) 2/. ^a l^okit ttiir i)ic ttltc (grfol^rttno* there 

is the old truth once more 22. ^altett, here v. n., to keep. 

Page 56.—/. tucnn C5 — gilt (of gelten) if— is the object; an impers. 
phrase gov. the object usually in the ace. but poetically in the dat. also. 

2. gor fcittc ^ortci^ al0 mcinc eigne* nobody's part but my oivn. 

3. dorl^ot from Dor^aben, sop. comp. irr. to have to do {tcith) ^. 

gC^t mitft nir^tS on (see p. 54, 9) is not my business 6. 9Wtt iJir 

(emphatical inversion) l^obc i^ e3 jU t^un, / am dealing iDith you 

6. tJon tir tJcrlttngc ij^; liu foflft, etc., I request you to, etc 7. 

Motion if! feine 9iciJe» that is not the question 8. fonfl 9lid)t§, 

nothing else 9. C^ben fo> Just so /O. ©cfeliT; the Austrian 

governor in Schiller's " Wilhelm Tell." According to the poet, Gcssler, 
representing the Crown of Austria, had hung a hat upon a pole at 
Altorf, Switzerland, and demanded of all passers-by that they should 

pay homage to it, as a proof of their loyalty //. I^ing — ouff from 

ouf^angcn, sep. comp. irr. v. a /2. OIoS for Hep, merely fS. 

Dtit^tig* Exactly /A. baS mit l)em .^Ute, idiomatic phrase, render 

the hat-affair /6. fiigen, used rcflexively here ; render to sidmiit. 

/6. tuir fiinnen un0 oni^ in $lufflonl)— fcijcn, we also can revolt 

against — / fe^en is used refl. (un«?) and means to place one's self (in a 
state of revolution) /7. Sei Bcn 3^itr!cn» Among the Turks ; see p. 


Page 56. Notes 18-31. Page 57. Notes 1-32. 

48, 31 78. %\t ^crrcitf used here rather ironically W. fi^cincil 

einfitfiren JU tUoUcn, it seems, tmnt (or better intend) to introduce 

JSO. @ott fei ^anf, see p. 45, 6 2/. tncrDcn— ju tuatircn tuiffcu, 

shall know Jiow to guard— 22. cine 8cltttocntugcnt)f virtue in a 

slave 2S. ^a ^tt5ctt tnir Die 5Bcfd;CCrung# There, t7iafs a nice mess. 

24-. ^ttg gonjCf etc., object emphatically preceding 26. lyxvtll 

tuir Un^ (dat.) auf i>cn §aB gcljCtjt, an idiomatic phrase, not very ele- 
gant (with reference to ladies, at least) ; render we have incensed against 

ourselves 26. mix dcrtitrfit tiic^^efjJjii^tc iJaS grulftud, as for me, 

the affair will spoil my treakfast 27. ft^itieift mtr JJOg ajlittagcffctl 

nit^t, / do not enjoy my dinner 28. (^c^a^^ my dear 29. bei 

l)cm» in which SO. i^ ^alJC ittic^ ^tnrci^cn U^tix, I ham forgotten 

myself. 3/, l^afien fo (supply groped) Unrci^t ni^i, are not altogether 

in the wrong. 

Page 57.—/. am ©ntiCf after all — 2. ^iittc t(^ gco^itt, supply 
conj. t»enn 3, to§ tic Sttl^C (affair) fo hJCit fii^rcit tuiirbe, trans- 
late literally 4^, i(^ pttc for fo f)atte \6) (imperf. subj. for 1st condit.). 

6. 9leirf) Slnfang^f at the very beginning 6. ttig SJ^Ctj* /or a 

joke 7. unb (supply ^citte) fcincit 2Bittcn gct^ait; and done his lid- 
ding 8. 5luf fcincn %<i% By no means, Upon no condition 9. 

i)u ttitirfi— tJcrfattcn, you would be subject to /O. fur etnigc Scitcm 

forever //. 9tC(^t fo, see p. 51, 14 /2. tX fttlltt (pres. for fut., 

see p. 34, 37) laitQC hititn, he will have to wait long, ere I forgive Mm 

(raieber pt werbe) /8. jicljcn — hci, from ktfie^en, gov. dat. (mir). 

Notice, that the clause, though interrogative, is not inverted, this is 

frequently done in sentences not prominently interrogative /4. 

XtX ^liigflc 9i(c)bt nod) (proverb). Discretion is the better part of 

valor /S. ^(f) tootttc germ I should like to /&. ©o^, litt0 fogt 

man fo. Pshaw, that's mere talk //. motljcn 8ic— gut, imperat. 

of gutmac^en /8. l)cm ^ing ein @nlJC moi^cn, to put an end to it. 

/9. mix ju nmj^tig, too powerful for me 20. mid)— ftiirf en 

(derived from adj. ftarf), strengthen myself 2/. jut ^ortfe^UUg, for 

the continuation 22. man barf (instead of brauc^, Gr. 404, 4) nur 

jugreifcn, one need only help one's self . . .23. fiaffcn tutr, see p. 48, 

30 24. 6rtngen — um^ to deprive of, cheat out of; gov. ace. (un(3) 

25. ein 6niic moj^en, see 18 26. jum %x\t1stn, for peace 27- 

jU unfercm StrcitCr of our quarrel. 28. ^ur SU^nc, In expiation 

(Gr. 463, XIV, 3) 29. t)tx Xt^Wi The right hand one, or The one 

to the right 30. ^n bicfcm QlugcnMitfc, at this moment 3/. 

0Cfd)loffen, past part, of fd)Ueien, to conclude. Gr. 361 (135) ; El. p. 136. 
. . . .32. «luf immcr, see p. 38, 37. 

notes and references. 127 

Page 58. Notes 1-22. 

Page 58. — /. fio^t on Darauf/ a toast o?i that! (compare p. 53,37). 

^. ^m.'' lierc an in'errogative sound; compare p. 44, 27 S. 

@ic() Ctnmol (see I). ^^,Vd), Look here 4-. no(^ cill (^IjolDl, another 

shawl 6. Sor' Indeed? O. Hu tt)uft eg DiUiocr, you will he 

more reasonable {you will come down), %\it (see Gr. 47, Obs. V.), ... 7. 

tringt tin O^ifciv sacrifices something 8. ift cr tx\i, supply i^cnn. 

9. t^ut er eg auj^ nidjt mt\)X, he'll do it no longer /O. ^fui 

(exclamation of disgust)! for shame! //. bifi iiu tttit iii^bct^ in 

DrlJnung, did you settle mth Lizzie? /2. ftc toitt (v. indep.) initttcr 

no^ nxiii, she is still obstinate /S. un§ (dat.) — tscn (jttnjcn 3?lorflcn 

gcrftortf spoiled our morning for us /4. ^ur (Sitafc, Asa pvnish- 

fnent /o. 9lun ? Wliat is the matter? /6. 80 if} c§ am (gntJC 

may be interpreted either So it is, after all (see p. 57, 1), or Now it's all 

o^er /7. fori^C — if! (see p. 57, 13), I'll see to it, that you have your 

wedding, etc. . . . '. /8. <Run i Well ? /9. 9Iun ? What is it ?....20. 

£8citcn ttJcitcr ! Go on, go on! 2/. 5t(l) fO; Oh, now I understand. 

22. %ixtmxi%, tJOrtoiirtg! Quick, quick! 



9r&, adv. & prep, ofif, of, from ; — 
unb ju, off and on, to and fro ; auf 
unb — , up and down (as prefix 
separation, corresponding with 
from, of). [cline. 

aMnbern, v. a. to alter, change ; de- 

Stbcinberung, /. {pL -en) alteration, 
variety, declension. 

5lbartung, /. (j)^. -en) variety, de- 
generation, deviation. 

Slbbilbung, /. (p^. -en) likeness, re- 
presentation, copy, counterfeit. 

abbrcc^en, v. a. ir. to break off, pull 
down, discontinue. 

abbrenncn, v. a. to burn off or down, 
to set on fire ; — / 'c. n. to be 
burning down. 

Stbbrucf, m. (-e^ ; pi. -briicf c) impres- 
sion, copy. 

abbriiiJen, v. a. to copy ; break off, 
extort, press out ; pull the trigger, 
shoot off, fire. 

3lbenb, m. {-i ; pi. -e) evening, west ; 
am — , in the evening ; gutcn — , 
good evening ; ju — effcn, to sup ; 
-brobf n. (-e^; pL -e) supper; 
-bammcrung, /. (7)^. -en) evening 
twiliglit ; -gcbet, n. (-cd ; pi. -c) 
evc>ning prayer ; -Ivinb, n. (-c5 ; 2>l 

-Icinber) western country, the west, 
Occident ; -Iviinbifd), adj. occidental, 
belonging to the west ; -lid), adj. 
evening-like, western ; all — lic^, 
every evening ; -luft, /. {pi. -liiftc) 
evening air ; -rot^, n. (-e<3) even- 
ing-sky, twilight hue ; -iinnb, m. 
(- e<3 ; pi- -:) evening air or wind. 

Slbcnteucr, ?i. (-3) adventure. 

aber, conj. but, however. [tion. 

Slbcrglaube, m. (-nS; pL -n) supersti- 

5lbenr»it^, m. (-c<J) absurdity, crazi- 
ness, presumption. 

abfatiren, v. to carry away upon 
wheels, to break ; — , v. n. to set 
off, depart, slip off, ride away in 
a wagon or carriage. 

2lbfabrt, /. {pi. -en) departure. 

Slbfall, m. (-ea; pi. -fdUe) falling off, 
fall, refuse, apostacy, revolt. 

abfallcn, d. n. ir. to fall off, desert ; 
revolt ; — , v. a. to break off by 

3lbfviffinuv /. composing, drawhig 
up, writing. [tribute. 

Slbgabc, /. {pi. -n) delivery, tax, 

abgebcn, v. a. ir. to give, deliver (up), 
furnish, make ; to bo fit for ; 
— , V. r. fic^ mil ^cmanbem — , to 
have intercourse with a person ; 


fid) mtt ettraS — , to meddle with 
a tliincr, to be interested or en- 
gaged with something. 

a^jge^en, «. a. ir. to go off, depart, 
sell, find purchasers, quit; mit 
bem Sobc — , to depart this life. 

a^gclebt, adj. decrepit, deceased. 

5lb9clebtt)ett, /. decrepitude. 

abgcfd)icben, par^t. & adj. solitary, se- 
cluded, departed, deceased, dead. 

aBgeftorl^cn, part. & adj. deceased, 

aBcjClDinnen/ i\ a. ir. to win from, 
gain. [from. 

at^glciten, v. 71. ir. to glide or slip 

5Ibgrunb/ m. (-zi; pi. -s]runbc) abyss, 

ahMna,m, v. a. to take down, hang 
from ; — »on, v. n. to be de- 
pendent on somebody or from 
something. [dependence. 

STBfcangigfcit, /. {pi. -en) declivity, 

abfaufcu, v. a. to buy from, pur- 
chase, buy off. [sweep off". 

atfet)rcn, v. a. to turn off, brush off, 

aHaffen, v. a. ir. to let off, let go, 
abate, absolve ; — , v. n. to cease, 
to desist. 

a^Iaufcn, v. n. ir. to run down or 
off, elapse, decline, end ; — , v. a. 
to wear off by running, attain. 

aHciugnen, see ableugnen. 

ablegcn, «. a. to put or bring down, 
lay aside, cast off; 0te(^enfc^aft 
— , to render account, account 
for ; $Ked)nun(} — , to give in ac- 
counts ; eincn (Sib — , to take an 

a'blet)neit, v. a. to decline, keep off, 

aMcfen, v. a. ir. to read off, read 

aloud, proclaim, pick or pluck off, 
gather (from). [disclaim. 

ablcugnen, v. a. to deny, disown, 

ablii'tcit/ V, a. to obtain by cunning. 

alme^meitf «. a. ir. to take off, 
gather, buy; amputate; lessen 
the meshes ; — , v. n. to be low- 
ered, decrease, wane. , 

abreben, t\ a. to agree upon, con- 
cert ; — , v. r. to fatigue one's 
self by speaking. 

aBreifcn, v. n. to depart, set out. 

abringen, v. a. to snatch from. 

9lbriHf m. (HK^; pi- -|T0 sketch. 

abrcKcn, v. n. to roll off, run down. 

a B fa gen, ■?;. a. to counter-order, con- 
tradict, refuse ; — , -y. n. to re- 
nounce, give up : ein abgefagter 
^einb, a declared enemy. 

abfd)eiben, r). a. & n. ir. to separate, 
depart from, seclude. [rence. 

Stbfc^eu, m. (-e(3) aversion, abhor- 

ab[d)eiili(^f adj. abominable, detest- 
able, [depute, dispatch. 

abfd)tdfen, '». a. to send (off), to 

9(tM"d)ieb, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) discharge, 
departure, leave ; — ne^men, to 
bid farewell, take leave ; — gebeit/ 
to discharge, dismiss. 

aBfd)tagen, t>. a. ir, to beat or cut 
off, parry, twirl, refuse, deny ; — , 
V. n. to diminish, abate, fall in ■. 

al>fd)neiben, «. a. ir. to cut off, clip, 
kill ; tie Bufu^r — , to cut off sup- 

3l5fd)nitt, m. (-eg ; pi. -e) cut, para- 
graph, division, section. 

5lbfii^t,/. {pi. -en) view, design, in- 
tention, purpose, end, aim. 

at»fitiem v. n. ir. to dismount ; -—, 



c. a. ciiic (Sd)ulb — , to pay a debt \ 
by confiuement in prison. 

abfonbcrn, v. a. to separate, secrete. 

ab|lerbcn, y. n. ir. to die, decease, 
perish ; fiir ©ott —, to relinquish 
one's faith or godliness. 

cbftreifcil/ v. a. to strip off, skin ; — , 
v. 11. to wander, roam, digress. 

abjlreitcn, t\ a. ir. to dispute. 

Slbt^ciluug, /. division. 

obtragcn, v. a. ir. to take down; 
level ; sketch ; wear out ; pay. 

abtrciufclu, v. n. to trickle down. 

abtreikn, i\ a. ir. to drive off or 
away, clear, remov(?, pur^^e. 

abwagen, i). a. ir. to weigh, weigh out. 

abwart^, adj. dow"nward(s), aside. 

abmei^en, v. a. ir. to make soft ; — i 
V. n. to deviate, to depart from, 
differ. [path. 

5(bir>cg, s. m. {j)l. -c) by-way, by- 

abn)cid)cn, v. n. ir. to deviate, digress ; 

abroenbcn, v. a. ir. to turn away or 
off, avert ; — , v. r. to leave, turn 

abwcrfen, v. a. ir. to cast or throw off. 

abwe fcnb, adj. absent. 

Slbn)cfcnt)cit, /. {pi. -en) absence. 

abttjiegcn, v. a. to weigh, level. 

ab jie^en, x>. a. ir. to draw off; — , v. 
n. to march off, depart. 

Sfbjuoi, m. (-Cv?; pi. -iiigc) departure, 
deduction, allowance, impression. 

ad^ ! interj. alas ! ah ! 

Slcbfeb /. {pi. -w) shoulder; tie 
5lc^fcln jucfcn, to shrug one's shoul- 

Slc^t, /. {pi. -en) ban, outlawry, at- 
tention, care ; in — ncbmen, to 
take care of, observe ; — gcbcn, to 

])ay attention ; fid) in — ncl)men, to 
be careful, cautious. 

ad)t, adj. eight. 

adncn, v. a. to regard, esteem. 

aditcn, V. a. to i)roscribe, outlaw. 

5Id)tunaf /. attention, esteem, 

ac^tjig, adj. eighty. 

ad)tjig|le, adj. eightieth. 

ad)^cn, v. n. to groan. 

%<S,ix, m. (-^; pi. 2(edcr) field, acre. 

2I(fcrv5mann, m. {-i, pi. -leute) 

5Ibam, m. Adam. 

Slbel, m. {-i) nobility, nobleness. 

abeln, v. a. to ennoble. 

SIbept, m. adept. 

Slber,/. {j)l. -n) vein, artery. 

Slbjutant, m. (-en; pi. -en) adjutant. 

Slblcr, m. (-6) eagle ; -blitf, m. (-5; 
pi. -c) eagle eye, caglo glance ; 
-efut)nl)cit, /. boldness of an eagle. 

abmimilrircn, v. a. to administer. 

5lctl)cr, s. VI. {-i) etuei. 

2lffc, m. (-n; pi. -^i, ape, monkey. 

5lffect, m. affection, passion. 

5tfterrebe,/. {j^l -n) calumny, slander. 

Sn^n, m. (-(3; pC. -en) grandfather, 
forefather, ancestor ; -^crr, m, 
(-en ; pi. -en) grandfather, an^ 
cestor. [punish. 

al)nben, v. a. to resent, revenge, 

9l()ubung, /. sec 2U;nun(3. 

Slbninuv /. {jil. -en) presentiment, 
divination, foreboding. 

ar^nen, «. a. & imp. to anticipate by 
secret feelings, have a presenti- 
ment (of), guess. 

aljnuniiovoU, adj. & adv. forebodingly. 

abnlid), adj. resembling, like. 

5lcbnlid)fcit, f.{pl. -en) resemblance, 


9le:&rc, /. ipl -n)ear; Slc'^rcn Icfcn, 

^frifa, n. {-i) Africa. [to glean. 

^fabemic, /. (pi. -en) academy, uni- 

afabemifi), adj. academical. 

Slfabemifer, m. academist. 

SIrtiott, /. action. 

albtxn, adj. absurd, silly, foolish. 

?tl6ernl)ett, /. (pi. -en) absurdity, 

Sllej.i liber, m. Alexander. 

aleyanbrinifa , ' Jj. Alexandrian. 

all, adv. all, ctitirely, whole. 

attbarm'^erjtg, adj. merciful. 

ollkfannt, adj. notorious. 

aUein, adj. alone, only ; — , conj. but, 

SfllcgoTte, /. {pi. -en) allegory. 

§Iilcin^err fiber, m. (-a) despot, mon- 
arch, [for ever. 

allemal, adv. always ; ein fur — , once 

ottenfadiJ, adv. perhaps, by chance, 
at any rate. 

atter, -:, -3, adj. all, whole, every. 

atterbingsS, adv. quite, certainly, of 

atterforfi^enb, adj. all-searching. 

atlcrfreuenb, adj. all-inspiring. 

ollermeifl, adj. most of all ; — , adv. 
chiefly, particularly. 

aHermanntgfattig, adj. most manifold. 

allgcgenwarttg, adj. omnipresent. 

allgemein, adj. universal, general. 

Sldgemein^ett, /. universality. 

attgetDaltig, adj. all-powerful. 

att^ier, adv. liere. 

Slllmailt, /. omnipotence. 

allma^tig, adj. omnipotent. 

aama^Ug, adj. by degrees, gradual ; 
— , adv. gradually. 

aflmorgpr.^, adv. every morning. 

Sllltag^flclb, n. every-day dress. 
a\iXQ^, ado. where, 
attju, adv. too, too much. 
aUjunml, adv. since. 
aHjuoft, adv. too often. 
attjujlraff, adj. too severe. 
aEjUiJtel, adv. too much. 
Sllpenblume, /. {pi. -en) Alpine flower. 
0.U, conj. than, but, as, when, 

whereas, wherefore ; -fcalb, adj. 

& conj. as soon as, immediately, 

directly; -bann, adv. then, 
alfn, adv. & conj. thus, so, conso' 

quently, therefore, 
alt, adj. old, ancient, aged, stale. 
Stit, m. (-5) ; alt(o), second tenor. 
5lltar, m. (-c^ ; pi. -tare) altar. 
fitter, n. (-5) age, antiquity ; ^or 

Sllteri?, anciently. 
alterlt(^, adj. parental, 
altern, v. n. to grow old. 
5leltern, pi. parents ; -morb, - mbrber, 

parricide. [quity. 

Slltert^unt, n. (-5 ; pi. -t^umer) anti- 
Slmajone, /. {pi. -n) Amazon (river 

in South America, also female 

warriors who founded an empire 

on the coast of the Euxine, Asia). 
5lmbrofiU(3, m. Ambrose. 
amerifanifd), adj. American. 
5lmme, /. {pi. -n) wet-nurse. 
5lmmon5:^orn, n. {-t^ ; pi. -'bomer) 

ammonite, cornu ammonis. 
5lmp^iMe, /. {pi. -n) amphibious 

5lmpouIe, SlmpuIIe, Ampulla. 
STmt, n. (-e^ ; pi. Slemter) office, em. 

ployment, charge, board, council, 

business, jurisdiction. 
STmt^flolj, m. haughtiness, 
an, prep, on, at, in, by, near. 


STnalogic, /. {pi. -en) analogy. 

anbatfcn, v. a. & n. to stick, to ad- 
here, pauilding ; settle. 

onfcaucn, d. a. to cultivate, to add by 

anbefc^lcu, v. a. to command, order. 

anbcten, v. a. to adore, worship. 

aiibietcn, v. a. ir. to offer, bid. 

5lnbictcii, n. (-<?) see SIncrbicten. 

Slnbli(f, m. (-cd ; p.^ -c) look, view. 
Eight, aspect. 

anblid en, v. a. to look at, view. 

anbred^cn, v. a. ir. to begin, break ; 
— , V. n. ir. to break forth ; begin ; 

anbringcn, v. a. ir. to bring to, in, or 
on. apply, announce, induce, per- 
suade, i)lace, sell. [ness. 

SInbringcn, n. (-^o) denunciation ; busi- 

Slnbad)t, /. devotion. 

Slnbcidjfdcl, /. {pi. -en) bigotry, re- 
ligious cowardice (p. 95). 

Qnbad)ti3, adj. attentive, devout. 

Slnbcnfen, n. (-d) remembrance, keep- 

anber, adj. other, second, next ; eincn 

Sag um ben anbern, every other day. 
finbcrn, n. a. to alter, change, mend ; 

— , V. r. to alter one's con 

anbcrnt^eiU, adv. on the other hand. 
anbcTvJ, adv. otherwise, differently, 

jvcnn — , if indeed ; jncnn — nid)t, 

unless. [tion. 

Slcnberunc^, / {'pl. -en) cliangc, altera- 
anbcrwcitiiv adj. & adc. at another 

time, farther, other\vise. [dicate. 
onbcutcn, v. a. to signify, intimate, in- 
anbii^tcn/ v. a. to attribute, impute 

falsely. [v. a. to join, 

ancinanber, adv. together ; -fiii^cn, 
SInerbicten, n. offer:— , v. a. ir. to offer. 

ancrfcnncn, v. a. ir. to perceive, 
acknowledge, own ; niiljt ■ — , to 

anfac^cn, v. a. to blow into a llarao. 

anfat)ren, v. n. ir. to drive against, 
rush against ; — , v. a. to convey 
to, carry up ; rate ; fly at ; land, 
arrive. [sault, paroxysm. 

5(nfali, m (-cd; ^:. -fallc) attack, as- 

anfalicn, v. n. ir> to fall upon, fall 
to unexpectedly ; — , v a. to assail, 
attack. [ment, beginning. 

Slnfang, m. {-i ; pl. -pngc) commence- 

anfangen/ t\ a. ir. to begin, com- 
mence ; — , v. n. to begin. 

Slnfdnger, m. (-5) beginner. 

anfang^, adv. in the beginning, at 
first. [louch. 

anfaffen, v. a. to lay hold of, seize, 

anflammcn, v. a. to inflame, animate. 

anilet)cn, v. a. to implore, beseech. 

anfii:^ren, v. a. to lead, instruct ; de- 

5lnfut)rer, m. (-<J) leader, guide. 

anfiitlcn, v. a. to fill, replenish. 

angebltf^, adj. pretended, proft^ssed. 

angeboren, adj. innate, inborn. 

angcl)cn, v. n. ir. to approach, ad- 
vance, to be in a tolerable state, 
begin ; concern. [tain (to). 

angcl)orcu, v. n. to belong or apper- 

angc^orig, adj. belonging to, related. 

angcnteffen, adj. adai)ted to, agree- 
able, appropriate, fit. 

angcncbm, adj. agreeable, pleasing , 
gratifying ; sweet. [agreed- 

' rtngcncmmcn, j^^r^. & adj. taken ; 

I 5lngcftitt, n. (-e^; j^l- -cr) face, coun- 

I t(!nance. 

anacfti'bt^, adv. in sii::ht of, in view of 

' angcjlamit, adj. native, rightful 


anoic[jcn/ to cast on, pour at. 

angrcifcii; v. a. ir. to seize, attack, of- 
fend, undertake ; — , v. r. to ex- 
ert one's self. 

ilngriff, m. (-^ ; pi. -c) cliargs, attack. 

^ngf}, / anguish, anxiety, trouble ; 
alarm, fear, timidity; in — frin, 
to be seized with terror ; — 
ntad}enf to alarm, frighten. 

fingtX^Q)^^' "^^ <^- ■to cause anguish, tor- 
ment, frighten ; — , v. r> to be 
frightened, alarmed. 

angjlUc^f adj. anxious, terrified, de' 

aif^attcn, «. a. ir. to hold to, stop, 
seize ; persevere, ask for, solicit. 

Slnl)an9, m. (-e$) appendage, party, 
faction. [adhere. 

anfjangeur v. n. ir. to hang to or on, 

an^auc^en, v. a. to breathe upon 

an^er, adv. hither, to this place. 

an^orcn, v. a. to hear, listen to. 

5lnjou, n. Anjou (old French prov- 
ince now merged into 3 different 
dejKirtements (counties). 

Slnflage, /. {pi. -n) accusation, de- 

cnflagen, v. a. to accuse, impeach, 
indict. [accuser, impeacher. 

5Inf(ager, m. (-3 ; -in, /. ; pi. -nen) 

anUammern, «. a. & n. to fasten with 
cramps ; — , v. r. to cling to. 

ontlebenf v. n. to stick to ; — , v. r. 
to paste to. 

anfommcn, i). n. ir. to come to, ap- 
proach, arrive ; e^ barauf — 
laffen, to run the risk ; c^ fcmntt 
nid)l barauf an, it does not matter. 

an!iinb(ig)cn, v. a. to announce, pub- 
lish, proclaim, declare. 

Slnfunft,/. {pi. -fiinftc) arrival. 

Slnlagc, /. {pi. -n) pleasure ground , 
work, sketch, project, beginning. 

anlangen> ^^ n. to arrive; concern, 
relate to. 

aniccfen, x. n. to beslaver, beslimc. 

antegcn, v. a. to put against, put to, 
aim ; lay the foundation, sketch ; 
— , x. r. to attach to, fix to ; — , 
T. n. to land, put on shore. 

anleimen, x. a. to glue, fasten. 

anmad}cn, v. a. to fasten, fix to, join 
to, light (a fire). [of paint. 

anmalen, v. a. to paint, give a coat 

anina§en, «. r. to claim, pretend to, 
usurp, arrogate. 

2lnma§ung, /. {pi. -en) usurpation. 

^^nntcrfung, /. {pi. -en) remark, ob- 
servation, [grace, loveliness. 

5lnmut|f /. agreeableness, charm, 

anmut^ig, adj. agreeable, pleasant. 

annaf)ernb, adj. approaching. 

5tnna^erung, /. {p)l. -en) approach. 

anne^men, u a. to take, receive, 
accept, assume, resume ; cine ®e* 
njofjn^eit — , to contract a habit; 
ben (Serein — i to pretend to be ; 
an ^inbe^ flatt — , to adopt ; — , v. 
r. to engage in, participate in ; 
\\&j einer ©ac^c, cinev 9^crfon — , to 
interest one's self for a thijig, a 

anorbnen, v. a. to order, arrange. 

Slnorbnung, /. {pi. -en) order, ar- 
rangement, disposition. 

an^jaffen, 'd. a. to fit, suit ; — , v. n. 
to make to fit, adopt, [praising. 

anpreifenf v. a. ir. to recommend by 

anprokn, anproMren, u a. to try on, 
fit on. 

anrat^en, v. a. ir. to advise, persuade. 

anrat^ig, adj. advisable. 


anrauAcn, v. a. to smoke, begin to 
smoke, to brown or season by 
smoke ; cine S-H^ifc — , to light, 
brown. [accost. 

anrcbcn, v. a. to address, speak to, 

anrciien, v. a, to move, stir, stimulate. 

anric^tcm v. a. to i)ropare, disli up, 
cause, regulate. 

uariiicn, v. n. to approach, advance ; 
— , V. a. to move near to. 

anrufen, v. to call upon, invoke. 

anfai^cn/ v. a. to bring word, notify. 

aufv'^aucnf y. a. to look at, contem- 
plate, view. [contemplation. 

5ltif.-^amm(3, /. (_p?. -en) intuition, 

anfi^einltc^, adj. apparently. 

'^n|M}lai3, m. (-cd ; j)l- -Ktlvu-(c) affixing, 
design, plot ; in — Inin^cn, to put 
to account, valuation. 

anfi)Ueilcn, v. a. ir. to add, fasten 
with a lock ; — , w. r. to join ; — , 
V. n. to fit. [crease by swelling. 

anfvtiucUcnf v. n. & a. to swell, in- 

2f:ifcf)en, n. {-i) appearance ; con- 
sideration, respect, authority ; 
— , v. a. ir. to look at or upon, 
contemplate, remark. [able 

an'iCl)n[i'.1)f adj. considerable, rcspect- 

Slnfc^iutiV /. consideration. 

anfc^cn, v. a. to put to or need, join 
to ; estimate, charge, form ; — , v. 
n. to assault ; fatten. [sight. 

3tnjic^t» /. ( pL -en) opinion, view, 

anjinncn, n. a. ir. to desire, pretend, 
reqiiro of. 

anfpinncn, r. a. ir. to join by s;)in- 
ning ; contrive, cause, hatch. 

Slnfpru'.t, m. (-ed; pL -fpriic^e) claim, 

3lnfialt»/. (^j^.-en) preparation ;esta')- 

anflammcnf v. a. to impart by in- 

5lnftanW m. (-cv) tKr.:.;- ; decorum, 
behavior, manne.- ; — ncbmcn, to 
hesitate. [decorous, jjleasing. 

an|ldnbiiv adj. proper, respectable, 

anfta rrcn> i). a. to stare at, gaze at. 

anftatt, X)^^P- instead of. 

vv.iitauncn, r. n. to gazo at (with 

an|lcbcn, v^ n, ir. to stand against, 
become, be fit, suit, please, stand 
still ; — laffen, to wait, delay. 

an'tctrscn, r. n. to mount, ascend. 

anftellcHf v. a. to place, appoint, ar- 
range, plot ; — , c. r. to demean, 
I behave as if. 

auftimmcn, r. a. to tune, sti-ike up. 

^(nrtc!^' W2' {-zi ; pi. -fto|lc) collision, 
offence, stammering ; Stein bccS 
Stnftof'Ci?; stumbling-block, cause 
of offence. 

anftofui], adj. scandalous, offensive. 

anftrel^en, t\ n. gcgcn ztvaai — , to 
strive against something, [effort. 

5(n)lren(iun3, /. ( pi. -en) exertion, 

anftiirmen, v n. to storm, rush along. 

3{nt^eiU m (-e^ ; pi. -e) share, part, 
portion, sympathy ; — ne^nien^ to 
take a share in. [bewitcli. 

antfinn, v. a. ir. to put ui)on, infiict, 

antif, adj. old, ancient 

'Xntilten, n. Antilh^a (cluster of isl- 
ands in the West Indies, about 
loO,000 square miles, with 
4 000,000 inhabitants). 

cnttdifit, adj. pertaining to tlio 

^IntUl;, 11. (-} ; j)^. -c) face, coun- 
tenance, [osition. 

^Intvaf',, ?;i. (-c>?; f>'. traije) ofier, prop 



antreffen, v. a. ir. to meet witli, 
find; relate to. 

antreiben; v. a. ir. to drivo to, incite ; 
— , V. n. to drift against. 

antrcten^ ■». a. ir. to tread on, begin, 
enter upon ; — , v. n. to step 
towards a place. [motive. 

Slntriel^ m. (-e^; pi. -e) impulse, 

SlmiDDrt,/. {pi. -en) answer, reply. 

antivortcn, v. a. to answer, reply. 

anvcrtrauen, v, a. to entrust, confide 

on»ertt>anbt, adj. related to. [(to). 

anraanbchi, i\ a. to come upon, to 
befall. [advise. 

aniDcifen, v. a. ir. to assign, appoint, 

anwenben^ 'O. a. ir, to apply, make 
use of, employ. 

antt>c[enb, adj. present. 

anjeigeiif v. a. to advertise, announce. 

Slnjeigcr, m. (-3) advertiser, in- 

anjetteltt/ v. a. to instigate, [former. 

anpe^en, -». a. ir. to draw upon, at- 
tract, put on (clotlies) ; — , v. r. 
to dress ; — , 'd. n. to marcli ; 
advance, draw tight. 

Slnjug^ m. (-e^ ; pi. -jiige) dress, at- 
tire ; advance, march. 

anjiigli(^/ adj. satirical, offensive. 

onjiinben, v. a. to kindle, light. 

Srpfel, m.{-i; pi. Slcpfel) apple. 

Slpofal^pfe,/. the apocalypse. 

SlpoIIo, adj. n. Apollo (heathen god). 

Slpofiel. m. {-i) apostle, apostleship. 

apoftoUfc^f adj. apostolical. 

STpDt^cfc, s.f. {pi. -en) drug store. 

5lpulicn, m.(-^) Apulia (south-eastern 
parts of Italy, mod nsune Puglia. 

ftraMfc^r adj. Arabian. [trouble. 

%xldt, f. {pi. -en) labor, work, 

cr'6ettenf v. n. to labor, work ; — , v. 
a. to manufacture. 

Slrkitcr, m. (-<?) workman, laborer. 
arl'eiiiam» adj. industrious, laborious. 
Slrbeitolot)n, m.(-zi) wag^-sfor work. 
arkiti5»clt» adj. industrious. 
3(vi)e,/. {]}'. -n)ark. 
axc^, adj. Lad, wicked, evil. 
5lcri}cr, m. {-i) vexation, chagrin. 
argcrltd), adj. vexatious, angry. 
drgern, v. a. to vex. [vexation. 

^lergcrni'^, n. (-ffc^, pi. -ffc) offence, 
argliftig, adj. crafty, cunning, deceit- 
9lr0Wct)n, m. (-5) suspicion. [ful. 
argtt)oI)ncn, v. a. to suspect. 
^Iriftofrattc, /. aristocracy. 
ariftofratifc^^ adj. aristocratic. 
Slritbmctif,/. arithmetic. [needy. 
arm, adj. poor ; -fclij, adj. poor, 
'^rm, m. {-ci, j^l. -c) arm ; -bni% f. 

( pi. -truftc) cross-bow ; -lcud)ter» 

m. (-S) chandelier. 
SIrmee, /. (^Z. -n) army. 
Stermel, m. (-5) sleeve. 
armlii), adj. poor, miserable. 
5lrmut^,/. poverty, waut. 
arpmatif^» adj. aromatic. 
Slrragonicn/ n. {-^) Arragon (old 

kingdom, now a province in tlie 

north-east of Spain). 
%xX, f. (_p^. -en) race, sort, nature, 

way ; auf irijenb eine — , in any 

way whatever; aui ter — fd)Iagen, 

to degenerate. 
artlg, adj. pretty, agreeable, civil. 
3(rtitt» m. (-en;^^. -en) artist. 
3tr j(e)nei, /. {pi. -en) medicine, drug. 
^xiU m. (-ea ; pU 5lerjte) physician, 
5l|'d}e, /. ashes. [doctor 

3lfd)en^auf, Ash heap. 
5rfd)enputtel,/. Cinderella, 
9lfd)enfal^, n. alcali, lixivial salts, 
arfccuviren, v. a. to insure. 


Sfjl, m. (-c«; pi Slcjle) bougli. 

branch, knot (of wood). 
SSfcfllein, n. diminutive of 3(il. 
fijl^etifc^f adj. £Bstlietical. 
5(|lronomtc,/. astronomy. 
5It^em, m. (-e) breath ; -|)oIcn, to 

breathe ; -jug^ m. -e^ ; ^^. --u^c) 

breath, respiration. 
Slet^cr, w. (-^) ether, 
df^erifd}, «/7j. etherial. 
at^men^ v. n. & «. to breathe. 
Qtlantifd), adj. Atlantic. 
Sltom, m. (-c^ ; _p?. -c) atom. 
Slcfc^plue, ^Eschylus. 
2lap^al, wi. aspbaltum. 
Sljtcn, Asia. 
Slit! intcrjeciion. 

aud), coiij. also, too, even, likewise. 
Slubitprium, n. {pi. -ricn) auditory, 

lecture -room. [meadow. 

SluCf /. {"pl. -w) pasture, green 
auf, prep, on, in, at, by, into, upon ; 

— , adc. up, upwards, open ; — , 

int. up, rise ; — fcajl, in order 

that ; — unb aS up and down ; 

— cinmal, at once, suddenly, 
aufbeiva^rcn, v. a. to ki-ep, presers^e. 
aufblafen, v. a. ir. to swell, puff up. 
aufblii^en, v. n. to revive, flourish, 

blossom, open. 
auf^raufcn, v. n. to roar (up), ferment, 

foam ; to get impassioned, 
aufbred^en, v. a. ir. to break open, 
auftringcn, v. a. ir. bring up, raise, 

erect, rear; irritate. 
Slufbruc^, m. (-c^ ; pi. ln-iic{}c) breaking 

up, setting out, departure, 
oufbringcn, x). a. press upon, force 
auferlegcn^ v. a. to impose. [open. 
aufcTJ^cf)en, v. n. ir. to rise (up). 
Slufcrfle^un^, /. (;>.^-cr.) resurrection. 

auferjic^cn, v. a. to educate, to biing 

luffa^rcn, v. n. ir. to rush upwards, 
appear suddenly, start, fly into a 
passion. [markablo. 

auffallenb, jsar^. & afZj. striking, rv> 

aufforbcrn, r. a. to summon, chal- 

"^Iwfi^wmi, f. {pi. -iXi) conduct, be- 
havior ; representation. 

'.l:if;,abc, /. {pi. -en) proposition, 
problem, task. 

aufoic'ocn, v. (t. ir. to £!;ive up, sur- 
render, ret Ijn ; proposes 

^^lufijcbct, n. (-CC-; pi. -.) call, bans 
of marriago, pi. 

aitfgcbrad)t, odj. indignant, provoked. 

auf9cf)cn, v. n. ir. ttj go upwards, 
rise ; to be spent, to be even. 

auf^alten, v. a, ir. to hold up, hold 
open ; stop, retard ; — , v. r. to 
abide, stay ; y.X) iibcr ctDai?, — to 
criticise. [pcnd ; bestow upon. 

aufljcingciu i\ a. ir. to l.ang up, sus- 

aufboiufcn, v. a. to heap up, accumu- 

auf^ebcn, v. a. ir. to raise up, extol ; 
preserve ; capture ; abolish, abro- 
gate ; to make much ado. [lion. 

aufl}Ord)cn/ v. n. to listen, pay atten- 

au\[)dxzn, 7). n. to cease, finish ; listen. 

aufiac(cn, v. a. to hunt up; rouse, 
start. [ment, civilization. 

5htfUantng, /. (pi. -en) enlighten- 

auffcmnicu/ r. a. ir. to thrive, rise, 
C(mie up, recover. 

51uflauf, m. (-co ; pi. -laiife) uproar, 
sedition, tumult. 

aiiflft^cnr V. a, to lay on or upon, 
impose; apply, adopt; reprint; 
cine ©clbflrafe — , to impose a lino. 



auflofcn, V. a. to loosen, untie, dis- 

anfmac^en> i). a. to open, raise ; — , 
V. r. to rise, arise, prepare to 
start on a journey. 

aufmerffam, adj. attentive. 

Slufmerffamfcit, /. (pl.-m) attention. 

aufite^men, v. a. ir. to take up, re- 
ceive, admit ; JDOf)I, xibd — , to 
take well, ill. 

aufnot^igen, v. a. to press, force upon. 

aufopfern, v, a. to sacrifice, immolate. 

aufrec^nen, v. a. to calculate, add. 

aufregeitf v. a. to stir up, incite. 

aufreikn, d. a. ir. to wound by rub- 
bing, consume by rubbing ; de- 
stroy, [tear up, open, burst. 

aufret^en, n. a. ir. to open violently, 

aufrcijen, v. a. to incite. 

aufrii^tert; v. a. to set upright ; 
exact ; — / v. r. to rise, get up. 

aufrtd)tig, adj. sincere. 

9rufrid}ttcsfeit, /. sincerity, [(p. 2 GO). 

aufrit;en, v. a. to slit, cbap, lay open 

Slufruf, w. (-e^; p?. -e) calling up, 
summons ; appeal (an, to). 

aufrufen, -y. a. ir. to call up, out. 

Slufru^r, m. (-^) uproar, sedition, 
rebellion, excitement, tumult. 

auffftgen^ v. n. to recite, give warn- 
ing, revoke ; ^ienjl — , to re- 
nounce service. [upward. 

auffc^auejtf -». n. to look up, gaze 

«ufl'd)ieben, v. a. ir. to put off, delay, 
defer, prolong. 

aufufelagetif v. a. ir. to strike up- 
wards, erect, raise, establish, put 
up, open ; — , 'v. n. to rise in price. 

auffc^Iiepen, v. a. ir. to unlock, dis- 

auffc^micren, v. a. to smear upon ; 

33utter auf S5rob fc^mieren, to butter 

auffc^reicn, v. n. ir. to cry aloud, 
scream ; — , d. a. to cry out. 

2luff*ul\ m. (-Cig) delay, respite, ad- 

auffcfcwellen, v. n. ir. to swell up, 

2luffd)lT>eIIuno, /. swelling, tumor. % 

auffet^en* v. a. to put up or on, set 
up, compose ; — , v. n. (of horses) 
to bite the crib. [vision. 

^\x\i\6)i,f. inspection, control, super- 

auffparen, v. a. to save, reserve, 

auffprinijen, r). n. ir. to spring up, 
(open), start up, 

9lufftanb, m. (-ca ; pi. -jlcinbe) insur- 
rection, revolt, rising. [rebel. 

aufftctien, n. n. ir. to get up, rise, 

aitfileigen, xi. n. ir. to rise, ascend, 

auftlreifen, v. a. to turn up, tuck up, 
fold back ; — , v. n. to touch, 
sweep (over the surface). 

aitffuf^en, v. a. to search, seek for. 

auft^un, V. a. ir. & r. to open. 

9luftrag» m. (-es^; pi. trcige) commis- 
sion, charge. [up. 

duftragen, ■«. a. ir. to carry up, serve 

auftreten, "o. n. ir. to tread upon; 
appear ; — , -y. a. to kick open. 

5luftritt, m. (-e^ ; pl.~t) appearance, 
scene, treacling upon, step. 

auftrocf ncn, v. a. to dry up. 

aufwac^citf ■». n. to wake. 

auftnac^fen, v. n. ir. to grow up. 

aufwarten, «. n. to wait (on), serve ; 
pay respects to one. 

auflDflirta, add. upward(s). 

$Iufroctrtung, /. {pi. -en) waiting, visit. ': 



auftrccFcn, v. a. to awake, call. 

aufroelfen, v. a. ir. to show, produce, 

aufroerfcn, v. a. v\ to throw open, 
propose ; einc %xci\},i — , to start a 
question ; — , v. r. to rise up- 
wards ; fic^ — 5ium, to set up for ; 
— oicgen, to rebel. 

c».iifn?tcgcln, x. a. to incite, instigate. 

2lunxiiei3lcr, 711. {-i) inciter, instiga- 
tor, mutineer. 

oufhnnbcn, v. a. ir. to hoist, wind up. 

auf^c^ren, v. a. to consume. 

auneidjneit; v. a. to note, record. 

aufjal^lcn, v. a. to pay, to pay down. 

Slufjug, m. (-c^; ^^. -'^iigc) drawing 
up, procession, parade, act. 

aufjtDingen, v. a. ir. to force open, 

STuge, n. {-i ; pi -n) eye, point, view ; 
in'^ — fallen/ to catch the eye ; 
ijor mcincn Slugen, before my face; 
aud ben 5lugcn »erltercn, to lose 
sight of; au<^ ben 5lu(^cn fct^cn, to 
make light of; untcr i>icr 5(ui5cn/ 
tete d tete, strictly private. 

fiugcln, V. a. to engraft ; — , v. n. 
to ogle. 

SlugcnbUcf, m. (-ca ; pi. -c) moment, 

Slugenbraune, /. {pl.-Vi) eyebrow. 

Slugenlicb, n. ( -e^ ; pi. -er) eyelid. 

aud, prep, out, out of, from, by, 
through ; — , adv. out, over, 

oudacfern, v. a. to plough out. 

??'id6eute, /. booty, gain. 

au^bilben^ xi. n. to perfect, cultivate. 

Slu^fnlbung* /. {pi. -en) improvement, 

ftu^^re^cn, v. a. ir- to break out ; 

vomit ; take up ; — , v. 11. to 
break out, burst into. 

au^brcttcn, v. a. to spread, extend ; 
publish ; propagate. 

5lui3breitung, /. {p)l. -en) spreading, 
propagation. \a. to endure. 

auobvtucrn, v. n. to persevere ; — , v. 

viuvJbe^nen, v. a. to extend, stretch, 
expand, protract. [sion. 

9luv?brucf, m. (-cd; ;?/. -briicte) exi)r(;s- 

auc^bnicfcUf v. a. to print upon, im- 
print, [press out ; exprei^^s. 

au^brucfcn, «. a. to squeeze out, 

au^^briicflid), (idj. express, exjAicit. 

au^cinanbcr, adv. asunder, [chosen. 

aui^erforen, part. & inf. adj. selected, 

au5crtt)a!;(cn, v. a. to cliose, select. 

au^fallen, v. n. ir. to fall out, turn 
out, sally ; loose ; gut — , to 

au($fi[nben, v. a. to find out, invent. 

3ru^flud)t, /. {j)l. -fU'uttc) first flight, 
evasion, excursion, subterfuge, 
escape ; ^lu^flitcMe ntaAcn, to 
shufile. [execute, perform. 

audfu^ren, v. a. to carry out, export, 

5lu«3fu^rung, f, {pi. -en) execution, 
exportation, practice, evacuation. 

an^fullcnf v. a. to fill out, fill up. 

^tu^gang, m. (-e^ ; _?)^. -(^angc) depar- 
ture, way, end, way out, issue. 

auiSgebreitet, part. & adj. extensive, 
extended. [abortion. 

5lu^geburt. /. {pi. -en) production. 

au^gcljcn, v. n . ir. to go out, proceed, 
fail, become extinguished ; — 
m^t to emanate from ; auf etwad 
— , to have in view, go in pursuit 
of some thing. [cepted. 

au^gcnommen, part. & adj. except, ex- 

auvjgefogen, adj. exhausted. 



ttU^gejltd t, part. & adj. embroidered. 

ou^gellorben, part. & adj, extinct. 

au^gct^an, adj. struck out, put olT, 

au^getnirft, j?ar^ & adj. worked out. 

au(30eieii)net, adj. distinguished, ce- 
lebrated, excellent. 

auiJgieijcn, v. a. ir. to pour out. 

au^graben, v. a. ir. to dig out. 

OUi^^alten, v. n. ir. to hold out, con- 
tinue ; — , V. a. to endure, bear. 

au^^angen, v. a. to hang out. 

au^au6:)tn, v. n. & a. to breathe out, 

auiSfltngen, v. n. to die out (sound). 

SiuSlcinbcr, r,i. {-i)\ -in, /. (j9^. -nen) 

aui^Iaffcn, v. a. ir. to let out ; give 
vent to ; leave out, omit. 

au^laufen, -y. n. ir. to run out, got 
under sail : — , v.. a. to put out 
by running. 

au^Ieeren, v. a. to empty, evacuate. 

au<^legen, v. a. to lay out, display, 
inteq^ret. [preter 

STui^Ieger, m. (-5) explainer, inter- 

Slui^Iegung, /. {pi. -:n) exposition, 

au^Iefen, xi. a. ir. to choose, select. 

ftU(3ltefcrtt, «. a. to deliver, give up. 

ausSloc^en, -». a. to draw out of the 
earth ; to mortise. [out. 

ftu^lorfcttf v. a. to worm out, coax 

au^Ioff^en, v. a. to put o<ut, extin- 
guish ; deface ; — , v. n. ir. to be 
extinguished ; to die. 

au^mad)cn, v. a. to make out, finish, 
decide, continue, peel, explore ; 
e^ ntad^t nic^t^ ain?, it is no matter. 

ftu^preffcitf V. a. to press, squeeze 
out, extort. 

auc?rafcii, v. a. to cease raving, so^t 
one's wild oats. 

au^reiHcn, v. a. ir. to tear, draw out ; 
— , i\ n. to run away, give leg- 
bail, desert. 

au$ri.i)ren, v. a. to perform, execute, 
effect ; iu,i)t^ — , to lab' r in vain. 

auSrottcn, v. a. to root out, extirpate. 

ait^ru^cn, v. n. to rest, repose. . 

au^rutlen, v. a. to arm, furnish, 

au^fdcn, «. a to sow. [equip, fit out. 

Stin^fage,/. declaration, deposition. 

au^lagen, v. a. to say, declare, de- 

au^faugen, ?;. a. ir. to suck out, 
enervate, impoverish ; — , v. n. 
to finish sucking. 

au^fd)lie9en, v. a. ir. to lock out, ex- 
clude, except. 

STu^fc^roetfung,/. (^^. -en) digression, 
extravagance, debauchery. 

au^fe^en, v. to look out, choose; 
— , V. n. to look, have a certain 
appearance, face, look. 

QU^en, adv. on the outside. 

au^er, prep, without, out of, cxcppt ; 
-bem, ad'C. besides, moreover, 
above ;-f).iIb, prep. kadv. abroad, 
beyond; -orbcntUc-^, adj. extraor- 
dinary, [ance. 

duffer, adj. exterior, external appear- 

ctuperlic^, adj. & adv. external(ly), 

ctii§ern/ v. a. to utter, show, express, 
give to understand, show, make 

du^erefl, adj. last, extreme, utmost, 
utter ; — , adv. extremely. 

3(eui5crung, /. {pi. -en) expression, 

I aitSfet^en; v. a. to set out, put on 



shore, abandon, expose ; set 
aside, find fault, ensure. 

Slu^fif^^ /• iV^- -^^) ^i^^^' prospect. 

CU^fo^nert/ v. a. to reconcile; expiate. 

audfpannen» «. n. to unharness, un- 
yoke, stop; extend, stretch, 

au^fpajicren, v. n. to walk out. 

ttu^fpeteit, V. a. ir. to spit out, vomit. 

auvJfpimien, v. a. ir. to spin out; 

auvJfpreci^cn, v. a. ir. to speak out, 
pronounce, express, utter. 

Stu^fpruc^, m. (-e^ ; 2)1. -fpriic^c) sen- 
tence, verdict, decision. 

au(^ jleUeitf «. a. to set out, extend, 
set to view, expose. 

Si^u^llerben, n. (-^) extinction ; — , 
V. n. ir. to expire, become extinct. 

ou^flo§cm 'D. n. ir. to push, thrust ; 
— , V. a. to push out, drive out. 

audfirecfen, v. a. & r. to extend, 
stretch out. [out, rush out. 

ou^rtrijmcn/ v. n. to run out, flow 

aa^fuc^eu; t^. a. to choose, cull, select, 

auit\)tikn, v. a. to distribute, divide. 

cui?toben» v. n. to bluster to the end. 

auiStrciben, v. a. ir. to drive out ; ben 
3;eufel — , to cast out the devil. 

cuJuben, v. a. to exercise, practice, 
execute. [cisc. 

9Iu<Jubung, /. {pi. -en) practice, exer- 

5Iu^n>a^l,/. {pi. -en) choice, selection. 

oui5n)al)ten, v. a. tochooseout. select. 

au^njrtnbern» v. n. to set out, emi- 
grate, [avoid, escape, parry. 

auimcidjen, v. a. & n. ir. to ^ve way, 

ouvJwerfen, v. a. ir. to throw out, 
pick out, reject, 

Sludroirhmgr /. working out. 

auiSjei^ncn, v. a. to mark out, note ; 
— , V. r. to distinguish one's self. 

aiK^jic^en, v. a. ir. to draw, pull out 
or off; abridge, contract ; hollow ; 
undress ; — , v. n. to remove from 
a place, march out ; — , v. r. to 

Slu^^ug, m. {-ii ; pi. -jiige) extract, 
removal ; procession ; drawer. 

Sfutor, m. ((3 ; pi. -en) author. 

autori)ircn> 'c. a. to authorize, em- 

Slutoritcit,/. {pi. -en) authority. 

STxt,/. (p^. Sle):te)axe. 

93ad), m. (-e^; pi. Soic^e) brook, 

Sad)lein, n. little brook. [rivulet. 

barfcn, V. a. ir. to bake. 

33ab, n. (-c« ; pi. 23abcr) bath. 

baben, v. a. n. & r. to bathe. 

39a^n, /. ( pi. -en) even road, path, 

way, orbit. 
ba^nen, v. a. to make passable, 

tread, beat a path, level, 
ba'^nlo^, adj. without a path, un- 

S3a^re, /. ( pi. -en) barrow, bier. 
Sajoc^ie, m. pi. Papal coin (H cent), 
balb, adv. soon, shortly, quickly ; in 

good time, nearly, near ; balb . . . 

balb . . . .» sometimes .... some- 
times; now . . , . then ; fo — oXi, 

as soon as. 
©alfen, m. (-§) beam, rafter. 
Sail, m. (-ea ; pi. SBallc) ball, globe, 

dance; — fii}uI)C, pumps; — fpiel, 

n. tennis. 
23alfam, m. (-C(3 ; pi. -e) balm ; -buft, 

m. balsamic odor. 



S5ant), n. (-c^ ; pi. SBcinber) bond, rib- 
bon, tie; — , m. {-ti>\ yl. S3anbe) 
volume ; pi. 23anbe, fetters, cliains. 

SBanbe, /. ( pL -n) band, gang, tie ; 
33anbe fd}Iie§en, to ratify unions. 

tcinbigen, v. a. to tame, render tract- 
able, manage, restrain, govern. 

Ban9(e), adj. afraid, alarmed, anxious. 

bang en; to be afraid. 

SSangigfeit, /. {pl.-ixi) fear, appre- 
hension, anxiety. 

35anf, /. ( pi. -en) l»ank ; {2^1. ^an!e) 
bench ; burd^ bie — , in tlie gross, 
in the lump. 

SSann, m. {-ti) ban, excommunica- 
tion; in ben — t^un, to excommu- 
nicate, [to lay spirits. 

Bannen, v. a. to exorcise, banish ; 

S3anner, m. (-(5) banner. 

fdax, m. (-en: pi. en) bear. 

SSarbar, m. (-en; pi. -en) barbarian. 

barf^arifc^, adj. barbarian, barbarous. 

SBarberrop, Barbary steed. 

SSarbenton, m. bard's tone or song. 

Barfup, adj. & adv. barefoot. 

S5art^oIomau<5, m. Bartholomew. 

barm^erjig, adj. merciful, compas- 

SBarmfjcrjigfcit, /. mercy, compassion. 

SSaion, m. {-i^ ; pi. -e) baron. 

S3art, m. (-e^; pi. Scirte) beard, 
ward (of a key), wattle (of a 
cock), barb. 

SSafe,/. {pi. -n) aunt, cousin. 

SBallarb, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) bastard. 

©attatttonr n. (-a; pi. -i) battalion. 

SBaUf m. (-c^) building, structure, 

t»auen, v. a. to build, cultivate. 

S3auer, m. (-C; pi. -n) builder, culti- 
vator, peasant, countryman 

pawn, boor ; — , m.& n. (-5) cage-, 

-franb, m. (-c$ ; 2;^. -,ldnbc) peas^ 

©auer(3mann, 7n. countryman. 
33aum, m. (-e^ ; pi. S3du:nc) tree, pole, 

beam, boom; — imiQ, m. (-ei3; 

pi. -e) branch. [serve. 

t»eacl)ten, v. a. to notice, attend, ob- 
23camte (ber, or ein SBcamtcr), m. (pi. 

-en) official, civil officer. 
kdnGtligen, v. a. to harass with 

anxiety, torment, aggrieve. 
SSedngfiipng, /. {pi. -en) anguish, 

beantworten, v. a. to answer, reply. 
SSeantwortung, /. {pi. -en) reply, 

bearbetten; v. a. to work, elaborate. 
Searbeitung, /. ( pi. -en) working, 

elaboration. [quiver. 

beben, v. n. to tremble, shake, 
33ebung, n. shaking, palpitation, os- 
cillation, [with flowers, 
beblitmen; v. a. to cover (^r- embellish 
33ec^er; n (-^) bowl, beaker, cup, 

goblet. [liberation. 

©ebac^t, m. (-e<?) consideration, de> 
bcbdfI)tto, bebdd)tltd), bebad)tfam, adj. 

considerate, discreet, circumspect. 
bcbanlcn, v. r. to thank, return 

©cbarf, m. {-ti) need, want. 
bcbauern, v. a. to pity, regret. 
betauern^wert^, adj. pitiable. 
bcbauern(3it)ui'big, adj. deplorable. 
bebetfcn, v. a. to cover. 
33ebe(fung;/. {2)1. -en) covering, pro- 
tection, convoy, guard, 
bcbenfettf v. a. ir. to consider, weigh, 

devise ; — tV. ir. reflect, deliberate, 




»cbcnfli(^fclt, /. iv^. -en) irrcsolutioD, 
timidity, hesitation. 

bebeutcn. v. a. to demonstrate, in- 
form, convince ; — , v. n. to signi- 
fy, mean, indicate. [important. 

bcbeutent', bcbcutfam, adj. significant, 

S3e&cutung, /. [pi. -en) consideration, 
meaning, acceptation, indication, 

kbienen, v. a. to serve, attend, wait 
upon ; — t v. r. to lielp one's self. 

SScbienung,/ {yl. -en) service, office, 
favor. [stipulate. 

bebingen, «. a. ir. to make conditions, 

bcbingt, part. & adj. conditional. 

SBebinpng, /. {pi. -en) condition, 

kbrangen, v. a. to oppress, aggrieve. 

kbro^en, v. a. to threaten, menace. 

beburfen* v. a. ir. to need, want. 

S3ebiirfni9» n. (-ffe^ ; yl -ffeS) want, 

Befallen, v. a. ir. to befall, attack. 

bcfe^ben, -». a. to make war upon. 

S3cfe^I, {m. -c^, pi. -e) order, com- 

befc^lfn, v. a. ir. to command, order, 

bcfe^ligen, v. a. to command. 

bcfejligen/ v. a. to fortify, fasten, 

93cfiubcn/ n. state of health ; — , v. r. 
ir. to find, think, to be, in regard 
to health ; SSie — Sic jid) ? How 
do you do ? 

bcflerfcn, «. a. to stain, pollute. 

befliffen, adj. studious, assiduous, 
student in anythinjf. 

befloren/ ^. a. to cover with crape. 

kflugein, v. a. to supply with wings. 

bcfolQcn, V. a. to follow, obey. 

beforbern, v. a. to advance, further, 

befreien, v. a. to free, deliver. 

befremben, v. a. to surprise, appear 

befrcunben, t). a. to befriend, associate. 

befricbijjen, v. a. to enclose, apj^easc, 
content, satisfy. 

33efu(jnip, /. (^pl -ffe) right, jniv- 
ilege, authority. 

befii^tett; v. a. to feel, handle. 

befiircbten, v. a. to fear. 

begabt, adj. gifted, talented. 

begeben, v. a. ir. & r. to go to a place ; 
— , V. imp. it happened, it came 
to pass; einen SBcdifcl — , v. a. to 
sell a bill of exchange, 

33egebcnf)eit, /. {pi. -en) adventure, 
affair, transaction. 

bcgegncn, v. n. to meet, happen, 

begel^cn, T). a. ir. to perpetrate, com- 

33egc^r, n. (-e^) desire, demand. 

bcgc^ren/ v. a. to desire, wish for, 
require, demand. ' 

33ecicl}vcn, ??. .'<6e 23cgc^r. 

begcijlern, v. a. to inspire. [asm. 

33cgcirtcruni3, /. inspiration, enthusi 

58egierbc, /. ( pi. -n) desire, lust, ap- 

bcgierisjr adj. desirous, eager, greedy. 

begietlcn, v. a. ir. to water, sprinkle, 

Seginn, m. (-e^) beginning. [wet. 

bcginncn, v. a. & ii. ir. to begin, un- 

bcglaubigcn, v. a. to prove true, 
attest, affirm, authenticate, con- 
finu. [accredition, credentials. 

2>cglaubigung, /. ( pi. -en) credence, 

bcglciten, v. a. to accomiiany. [ant. 

2?cg(citcr, m. {-^) companion attend- 



begtiif cii/ c. a. to make happy, bless. 

bcjlitcft, ad^. happy. [tented. 

k^ra^cn^ v. r. to be satisfied, con- 
be jral)cn, X). a. r. to inter, bury. 

a3c^ra[miB, n. (-ffe^; V^- ffO burial, 
tomb, funeral. 

bC;]ranjen, see kgrenjen. 

be^reifertf v. a. ir. to seize, touch, 
handle, comprehend, conceive. 

tegrciflid), adj. comprehensible, con- 
ceivable, [limit. 

begrenjeu, v. a. to bound, border, 

Segriff, m. (-e^; %tl. -e) circumfer- 
ence ; idea, notion ; im — fein, to 
be upon the point. 

kgrlffen, part. <& adj. touched, 
handled, felt. 

Begrupeit/ 'd. a. to greet, salute. 

kgiinjligen, v. a. to favor. 

Begiitigen, v. a. to soften, appease. 

Se^agen, n. {-^) gratification, pleas- 
ure, comfort, ease ; — , v. imp. to 
please, to be agreeable. 

tc^altcn/ V. a. ir. to keep, retain. 

Ibe^anbcln, v. a. to handle, treat. 

SSe^anblung, / {pi. -en) treatment, 

Be^anjen, v. a. ir. to hang with. 

It^awpUn, V. a. to assert, affirm. 

bc^clmen, v. a. to helm. [dextrous. 

bc^eub(e), adj. light, nimble, handy, 

bc^errfc^en, v. a. to reign over, rule, 

fQct):xx[i)ix, m. (-^) ruler, governor. 

be^crjigen, v. a. to take to heart, 
reflect upon. 

ic^utcn, v.- a. to guard, watch over. 

bel, prep, at, in, about, near, with, 
to, present, at the house of. 

beibrm;en, v. a. ir. to bring in, con- 
\07, impart, inspire. 

23eid)te,/. {pi. -n) confession; jur — 
ge^en, to go to confession. 

bcic^tett; V. a. to make confession, 

beibe, adj. pi. both, two. [confess. 

SBeifatt, m. (-e<^) applause, approba- 
tion, assent. 

S3cil, n. (-c<3; pi. -e) hatchet, axe. 

Sein, n. (-e<3 ; pi. -e) leg, bone ; auf 
gefunben SBetnen jle^en, to be again 
on one's feet, restored to health ; 
-i)au^, 11. {-ti ; pi. -:^aufer) charnel- 

beifammen, adj. together. 

©eifpielf n. {-t^ ; pi. -e) example, in- 
stance ; jum — / for instance, for 
example. [aid. 

beifpringen, v. n. ir. to assist, succor, 

bei^en, v. a. & n. ir. to bite, peck. 

93eiilanb, w. {-t^) assistance. 

beijle^^eti/ v. n. ir. to assist, support. 

beiflimmen, v. n. to assent, agree with. 

bcitragcn, v. a. ir. to contribute, assist. 

befampfen, v. a. to combat, subdue. 

befannt, adj. known, acquainted 
(with). [ance. , 

33efanntfd)aft, /. ( pi. -en) acquaint- 

befe^ren, v. a. to convert. 

befennen, v. a. ir. to acknowledge, 
confess ; — , v. r. to profess. 

beflagen, v. a. to lament, deplore ; — , 
x>. r. to complain. [lamentable. 

beflagen^wert:^, adj. worthy of pity, 

SBeflagte, ber, (-n; pi. -n) ; bte — , {pi. 
-n) defendant 

befleiben, i). a. to clothe, adorn, invest; 
hold a position. 

S3e!Ieibung, / {pi. -en) clothing, vest- 

beflommen, adj. oppressed. [ment. 

befommcn, v. a. ir. to obtain, get, re- 
ceive ; — , V. n. to agree with, 



tcfranjciif t\ a. to wreaiue, crown, 
complote, finish. 

kfronen, v. a. to crown. 

befreu^en, «. a. to cross. 

bclaben, v. a. ir to load, freight ; — , 
adj. full, covered, loaded. 

Itelagern/ v. a.Xo besiege. 

©clagerung, /. ( pi. -en) siege. 

l>claflcn/ V. a. to load, burden, molest, 

belaubcrt/ v. a. & r. to cover with 

bclaufc^en, v. a. to listen, watch. 

beleben, v. a. to animate, enliven. 

bclcbt, part. & adj. animated, lively. 

klc^ren, v. a. to instruct, inform. 

SBclc^rung, /. {pi. -en) instruction, 

bcleibigen^ v. a. to offend, inj ure. 

S3eleibiger, m. {-&) offender, injurcr. 

SBeleibipnij, /. ( pi. -en) offence, in- 
jury, [nate, elucidate. 

bcleu(^ten, v. a to light up, illumi- 

SBelcu^tung, /. {pi. -en) illumination. 

bclferm v. n. to bark, yelp 

SScIgrab, n. Belgrade (Turkish city 
in Servia, has 17,000 inhabitants). 

Ibeliebt, adj. pleasing, agreeable, be- 

bclo^nen> v. a. to reward, recompense. 

tcliigcn, -o. a. to belie, calumniate. 

bemcic^tigen, v. r. to take possession of. 

bemerfen, t. a. to perceive, observe. 

bcmcrflic^, adj. noticeable, remark- 
able ; — mac^en, to hint. 

SBcmcrfung» / remark, observation. 

Bemoofl, adj. mossy, moss-covered. 

iemii^en, v. a. to trouble, endeavor ; 
— , T. r. to take pains, try to ob- 
tain, [deavor. 

SBemut)un3, / (;>/. -en) trouble, en- 

bena^bart, adj. neighboring, 
©cne^men, n {-i) demeanor, conduct ; 

— , 0. a. ir. to take away, deprive 

of ; — , T). r. to behave, 
beneibcn, v. a. to envy, grudge. 
bcneiben<3n)ert^, adj. enviable. 
bene^en, v. a. to moisten, wet. 
benot^igen, n a to invite, force i tc* 

notbigt fein, to be in want (need) of. 
Seobad)ter, m. (-d) observer. 
23eobac(}tung,/. {pi -en) observation, 

bcqueni, adj. comfortable, easy, 
bequenten, v. a. to make convenient, 

accommodate ; — , v. r. to comply, 

beratl)cn> v. a. ir. to assist with coun- 
sel, advise ; — , v. r. to take 

counsel, deliberate. 
berauben, v. a. to rob, deprive, strip. 
bcred}ttgcn, i\ a. to authorize, justify, 

SSercbfamfeit, /. eloquence, oratory, 
bereifen, v. a to travel over. 
bereit, adj ready, prepared ; -n)itlig» 

adj. ready, willing 
bereiten, v. a. to prepare. 
bereit^, add. already. 
33crcttfd)vift,/. readiness, preparation. 
Screimntligfeit, /. readiness, willing- 
bereuen, v. a. to repent. 
33crg, m. (-eS ; pi. -c) mountain, hill ; 

-an, adv. up hill ; -ig, adj. hilly, 
bergen, 'C. a. ir. to hide, conceal ; 

save ; save from a wreck. 
93ergc(3^Dbe, /. {pi -n) top of a hill, 
S3erge^^o^Ie, /. {pi. -n) hollow or 

cavern in a hill. [a hill. 

23erge^runb, m. (-e3; jil. -e) ridge of 
bcrii1)ten, r. a. to inform (of), report. 



t>cru(fcn, V. a. to cozen, calcli, en- 
snare, deceive. 

S3evuf, m, (-n3; pL -c) calling, voca- 
tion ; impulse ; appeal, call. 

terufen> v. a. ir. to call, appoint to 
an office, convoke ; — , v. r. to 
appeal (to), refer, [depend upon. 

Beru^en^ v. n. to rest, rest upon, 

beru^igen, i). a. to quiet, calm, ap- 

Beru^mt, adj. renowned, famous. 

beru^ren, v. a. to touch, handle. 

SBerii^rung, /. {pi. -en) contact, 

Befanftigen/ v. a. to soften, appease. 

befc^abigcn, v. a. to injure, hurt, 
damage. [to do, busy, occupy. 

!>efc^aftigen, v. a. to give something 

S3ef(f)aftigung,/. (^?. -en) occupation, 

kfc^amen* v. a. to shame, make 

Befc^amt/ part. & adj. ashamed. 

kfc^eeren, see kfc^eren. 

SBefc^eib, m. {-t^ ; pi. -c) answer, de- 
cision, sentence, share ; — tt)un, 
to pledge, drink ; — tt)itTen, to 
know, to be conversant with. 

befc^eibeU/ v. a. ir. to assign, des- 
tine, appoint (to), direct ; — , i). r. 
to be contented, yield, listen (to) ; 
— , adj. moderate, discreet, mod- 
est, [bestow (upon). 

Befi^enfen, '». a. to present (with), 

Befc^eren, v. a. to give, provide ; — , 
ii. a ir. to shave, shear. 

IBefc^ernng, /. ( pi. -en) gift, present ; 
etne fdiBne — , a nice mess. 

l&cfc^tm^fen, ^. a to insult, dishonor, 

tefc^tcuntgcn, v. a. to hasten. 

a3e[d)lcunigung, /. {j^l -<\\) despatch, 
speed, hastening, acceleration. 

be[d)(ie^en, v. a. ir. to conclude, re- 
solve, detennine. 

S3cfcl)Iup, m. (-ffe!3; pi. -fi^luffe) con- 
clusion, close, end. 

befc^onigen, v. a. to color, palliate. 

befc|ranfcn, v. a. to limit, circum- 
scribe, bound, confine, [describe. 

kfc^reikn, v. a. ir. to write upon, 

33efcf)reibung,/. {pi. -en) description. 

SBefc^uIbigung, /. {pi. -en) accu- 

t>ef(^u^en, ■y. a. to guard, protect, 
defend. [fender. 

SBefc^u^er, m. (-§) protector, de- 

kfd)tt>eren, v. a. to load, trouble, 
molest ; — , n. r. to complain, 

kfd)lt)oren, -y. a. ir. to confirm by an 
oath; conjure, entreat. 

23efd)i»i3rer, 'in. {-^) conjuror, exorcist. 

a3efi|n>orung/ /. {2)1. -en) conjuration. 

Scfi'^ix>orung$formeI, /. incantation, 

Befeelen, v. a. to animate, inspire. 

kfegelttf v. a. to navigate, 

t)efe^en, v. a. ir. to look at, contem. 
plate ; examine. 

Befeittgcn, v. a. to lay aside, remove. 

befeffen, part. & adj. possessed, mad. 

Befet^cn, v. a. to occupy, garrison; 
border. [seal. 

kfiegeln^ v. a. to seal, put under 

I'effegen, 'C. a. to vanquish, conquer. 

kftngen, «. a. ir. to celebrate by 

kf(nnen, v. a. ir. to recollect, de- 
liberate, recover one's recollec- 
tion, [ness. 

33cftnnung, /. recollection, conscious- 

Scfit?. ^^- ("f "5) possession ; — nc^mctt; 



to take possession of; -t^um, n. 
{-i ; pi. -t^iimer) possession, prop- 
erty ; -ungr /. ipl. -en) estate, pos- 

bcft^en, V. a. ir. to possess. 

befonnen, part. & adj. careful, con- 
siderate, [ularly, especially. 

bcfonberi^, adv. separately, partic- 

23cfonnen^eit, /. circumspection, re- 
flection, presence of mind. 

te for gen, v. a. to take care of, provide, 
procure ; apprehend, be concern- 
ed (about). 

bcfpiegeln, v. r. to look at or behold 
one's self in a mirror. 

befprcc^cn, v. a. ir. to bespeak ; — , v. 
r. to consult or converse with. 

befprengen, v. a. to besprinkle. 

bcffer, see gut, 

beffern, v. a. to better, meliorate, 
mend ; — . v. r. to recover from 

beilanbig, adj. continual, constant. 

bcflcitigen/ v. a. to confirm, establish. 

bejl, see gut. [bribe. 

beilec^en^ v. a. ir. to border ; corrupt, 

bejlccfen, d. a. to stick with, stick 
upon ; adorn. 

bejle^cn, v. n. ir. to endure, last, per- 
sist, subsist ; — , v. a. to stand, 
endure, undergo. 

bcilcigen, v. a. ir. to mount, ascend. 

beilellcn, «. a. to appoint, promise, 
bespeak, order ; arrangt) ; care 
for ; put in order ; cultivate. 

befleni?, adj. in the best manner 
possible. [stars, with badges. 

beflernt, adj. starry, covered with 

©cjlie, /. beast. 

bcflimmcn, v. a. to define, determine, 
induce, appoint, fiK. 

33etllmmuni}, /. {pi. -en) determina- 
tion, destination. 

beftirnt, see bc)lcrnt. 

bejlrafen, v. a. to punish, chastise. 

be|lraljlen, v. a. to beam, irradiate, 
cast beams upon. 

33etlrebcu, n. (-4) exertion, endeavor ; 
— , V. r. to strive, endeavor, labor. 

bejlreid)cn, v. a. ir. to spread over, 

beflrciten, v. a. ir. dispute, attack, 
contest, afford, defray. 

SBefud), m. (-e^; pi. -c) visit, search ; 
einen — abjlatten, to pay a visit, 

betauben, v. a. to stun, din, weaken. 

33etaubung,/. {pi. -en) astonishment, 

beten, v. n. to pray, say prayers. 

bet^eucrn, v. a. to affirm, assure. 

bet^ijren/ v. a. to fool, infatuate. 

Setrac^t, m. (-eiS; pi. -e) conside- 
ration ; in — jie^en, to take into 
consideration. [consider. 

betrad)ten, v. a. to view, contemplate, 

33ctrad}tung, /. {pi. -en) view, con- 
sideration, contemplation. 

Sctrag, m. (-c^ ; pi. -tragc) amount. 

33etragcnf n. (-$) behavior, conduct ; 
— , V. r. to conduct one^s self, be- 
have ; — , V. n. to amount to. 

23etrcff, m. respect, relation ; in — , 
with respect to. 

betrcffcn, v. a. ir. to surprise, perplex ; 
befall ; relate to, concern. 

bctrciben, v. a. ir. to drive upon, 
urge ; manage, carry on. 

23ctrcibung, /. {2^1. -en) prosecution, 

betrctcn, v. a. ir. to step upon, enter, 
tn^ad ; — , part. & adj. perjilexed, 



^etruben, v. a. to trouble, afflict ; — , 
v. r. to be afflicted. 

fcetrubt, adj. afflicted, sad. [lusion. 

S3etrug, m. {-t§) fraud, deceit, il- 

ktriigen, v. a. ir. to cheat, deceive ; 
— , D. r. to mistake, to be mis- 
taken or disappointed. 

fBetriiger, m. (-g) ; -in, /. {pi. -nen) 
cheater, deceiver. 

tetriigerifd)/ adj. deceiving, cheating. 

S3etj!unbe, /. {pL -n) hour for prayer. 

fdnu n. (-e^; pi. -e) bed; -berfc, /. 
{pi. -en) bed cover, blanket, 

Bettelarm, adj. beggarly, quite poor. 

SBettelbrob, n. (-e^) bread of mendi- 
city, [boy- 

SSetteliunge, n. (-n; pi. -n) begging 

SBettelfrau,/. {pi. -n) begging woman. 

Ibetteln, v. n. to ask alms, beg. 

Settler, m. beggar, [to bow, stoop. 

^eugen, ti. a. to bend, warp ; — , v. r. 

^tuU,f.{pl. -en) boil, tumor, ulcer; 
boss; dint. 

ieunru^igen, v. a. to disquiet, disturb, 

SBeute,/. {pi. -n) booty, spoil. 

SBeutel/ m. (-^) bag, purse. 

Be»or, conj. & adv. before. 

Beivac^en, v. a. to watch, guard. 

Betuac^fen, i?. n. ir. to over-grow ; — , 
■w, a. to grow over. 

Be»affnen, v. a. to arm. 

SBcn^affnung,/, {pi. -en) armament. 

l)cn?a^ren, v. a. & r. to prove, verify, 
approve, try. 

l&enja'^ren/ «. a, to keep, take care of, 

hvtoo^xi, part. & adj. tried, certain, 

l^ewanbert, adj. versed. 

bewegen, v. a. & r. to move, touch, 
stir, stir up, agitate. 

tJetvegUrf), adj. movable. 

Setvegung, /. {^pl. -en) motion, move- 
ment, commotion, [force. 
Setnegungsfraft, /. motive power or 
ben)egung($It)«5, adj. motionless. 
Sen^egung^mann, m. agitator, 
beipeinen, v. a. to weep for, bewail. 
Sen)eii^, m. (-e^; pi. -e) jjroof, ar 
gument. [demonstrate 
benjeifcn, v. a. ir. to prove, show, 
Sewerber, m. {-^) candidate, appli 
cant. [consent (to), permit 
bett)il(igen/ v. a. to grant, comply 
Bcwirfenf v. a. to effect, 
S3ett)irfung,/, effect, bringing about. 
ktx)irt|en, v. a. to entertain, treat, 
kttJD^nenf v. a. to inhabit, live in. 
beroolten/ v. a. to cloud, obscure. 
kKJunbern, v. a. to admire. 
S3et»unberung, /, admiration, 
ben)U§t, adj. & part, conscious of, 
known. [recollection, 
33ett»uf?tfein, n. {-i) consciousness, 
kjal)len, v. a. to pay, satisfy, 
bejci^nien, v. a. to tame, moderate, 
bejaubern, v. a. to bewitch, charm, 
bejeic^nen, v. a. to mark, point out, 
denote, accent, [accuse of. 
bejei{)en, v. a. ir. to charge with, 
bejeugen, v. a. to attest, convince, 

affirm, testify, 
bejic^en, xi. a. ir. to draw, string (an 
instrument) ; overcast, inspect, 
enter (upon a habitation), refer ; 
— , v. r. to refer to, relate to. 
SBejtel^ung, /. {pi. -en) relation, ref- 
erence, appeal. 
33ejug, m. (-eig; pi. -jiige) relation, 

bejiringen, v. a. ir. to subdue, van- 
33tbcl, /. ( pi. -n) Bible, [quish. 

bicber, adj. good, honest, virtuous. 



©ieberfmu, in. (-ciJ) honest, upright 

S3ictte'*cn, m. honest tone. 

bicQeu, V. a. ir. to bend, bow, curve. 

S3iene,/. {pi. -n) bee. 

23ter, n. {-ci\ pi. -c) beer. [oflfor. 

bietcn, v. a. ir. to bid, command ; 

S3tlb, n. {-ii ; pi. . -cr) figure, 
image, picture ; -^aucr, 711. {-i) 
sculptor ; -()aucrei, /. statuary, 
sculpture, work of a sculptor. 

bilbeiif X. a. to form, fashion, create, 
model ; cultivate ; polish. 

Mlbltcf), adj. figurative, typical. 

SStlbuer, m. {-i) sculptor, modeller. 

Silbnerci, /. {pi. -en) sculpture. 

SBilbung,/. {pi. -en) formation, edu- 
cation, cultivation. 

SBtlbung^gcfe^, n. law of form. 

Mlltg, adj. just, right ; cheap. 

billigen, v. a. to approve, consent to. 

95illigfeit, /. equity. [fillet, sling. 

23inbc, /. {pi. -en) band, bandage, 

Hnbcn, ■y. a. ir. to bind, tie, fasten, 
cement ; — , v. r. to engage one's 

binncn, adv. within. [self. 

S3infen|lu^(/ m. rush-chair. 

93irnc,/. {pi. -n) pear. 

hii, crnij. & adv. till, imtil, up to, 
as far as ; -l^er, adv. Idtherto, till 
now ; -^crig, adj. what has hither- 
to been. 

©ifc^cf, m. (-e<3; pi. -fc^ofe) bishop, 
orangeade, a drink made of red 
wine and burnt, bitter oranges. 

S3t(^t^um, n. (-e(3 ; pi. -tMmcr) Ijishop- 
ric, episcfjpacy. 

S3itte, /. {pi. -n) request, entreaty, 
petition, solicitation, suit. 

bitten, V. a. ir. to entreat, pray, beg, 
request, invite. 

Mtter, adj. bitter, sharp ; -\\6^, adj 
somewhat bitter ; — , adc. bitterly. 

S3irtcrfcit, /. {pi. -en) bitterness. 

Ma^ettr V. a. to blow up, puif up ; — , 
V. r. to show pride, be ostenta- 

blanf, adj. blank, shining, bare, pol- 
ished ; mit blanfcm <Sd)iucrt, with 
the sword drawn. 

SBlafe, /. bladder, blister, bubble. 

Ha fen, v. a. & 11. ir. to blow, sound. 

Mail, adj. pale, light. 

33Iatt; n. {-ti ; pi. Sldttcr) leaf, blade. 

SBlatter^aut, /. {pi. -putc) small- 
pocked skin. [blue. 

S3Iau, n. (-e^) blue color ; — , adj. 

Mauen, v. a. to blue; — , v. n. r. to 
become blue. 

blciben, v. n. ir. to remain, stay, so- 
journ, persevere, rest, perish ; ^f 
^en — , to stand still, stop. 

bleic^, adj. pale, wan, faded. 

33Ieid)e, /. {2^1. -n) paleness, bleach- 

Henben, v. a. to blind, dazzle, cover 
or intercept the sight. 

sBIenbwerf, // . {-a ; pi. -c) deception, 

23Iirf, m. (-c^; pi. -c) look, gleam, 
glance, face, countenance ; eincn — 
tf)un, to cast a glance, look (to- 

blicfen, v. n. to gleam, glance, look. 

blinb, adj. dark, blind, mock, false ; 
-ling^, ((dj. blindly ; -ii>iitt)cnb, adj. 
furious, rugin;:^. 

23Unbbcit,/ blindness; /</. spiritual 

blinfcn, v. n. to glitter, twinkle, wink. 

!iBUiv TO. (-cC; j>/. -c) liglitning, 

llit;cn, V. n. to lighten. [glance. 



Mi^c^fc^nell, adj. as quick as light- 

Hotflrerif -u. a. to blockade. [ning. 

Mi3be, adj. blunt, weak, weak-eyed, 
timid, dull. 

5Ionb, adj. light-colored, fair. 

hU% adj. naked, bare, uncovered, 
mere ; — ,<jcZv.barely , merely, only. 

Slope, /. {pi. -n) nakedness, weak 
parts. [isli. 

blut)ett, V. n. to bloom, flower, ^ovlt- 

S3lum(^en, n. {-i) floweret. 

S3lume,/. {pi. -n) flower. 

Mumenlecr, adj. void of flowers. 

33Iumengett»ac^(?, n. flower plant. 

Slumcnfrone/ /. crown of a flower, 

SBIumenfeld), m. calyx, cup, bell of a 
flower. [wreath of flowers. 

23lumenfranj, m. (-es?; pi. -fmnje) 

S3lut, n. (-e^) blood ; -burtl, m. {-ii) 
thirst after blood ; -burftio^ adj. 
blood-thirsty, sanguinary ; -oeruil, 
n. (-e5 ; pi. -c) scaff'old (of execu- 
tion) ; auf bcm — |lert'cn, to die by 
the hands of the executioner; 
-gier, /. see Slutburtl; -gtcrig, adj. 
blood-thirsty ; -rot^, adj. red as 
blood, very red ; -fc^ulb, /. {pi. -en) 
capital crime ; -i3»erwanbt, adj. re- 
lated by blood. 

blutem v. n. to bleed. 

SSlut^e, /. {pi. -n) blossom, bloom. 

tlutig, adj. bloody, sanguinary. 

S3oben, m. M; pi. S35ben) ground, 
soil, bottom, loft, garret. 

SBogen, m. {-i ; pi. 335gen) arch, arc, 
bow ; in Saufc^ unb — , in the lump ; 
-feline, /. {pi. -n) bow-string ; 
-jlrartg, m. (p^.-flrcinge) bow-string. 

bogig, adj. arched. 

SSii^nien, n. Bohemia (kingdom, pos- 
session of Austria, has 20,200 

square miles, and 5,000,000 in. 

SSo^merweib,/. Bohemian woman. 

feo^nen, v. a. to rub with wax. 

SBoIogna, Bologna (Ital. city, has ; 
110,000 inhabitants). 

Somk, /. {pi. -n) bomb, shell. 

Soot, n. {-ci] pi. Sote) boat. 

S3orb, m. (-eC; pi. -c) brim, board. 

borgen, v. a. to borrow, take on credit, 
lend, give credit, trust. 

23orfe,/. {2)1. -n) purse, exchange. 

Sorfen^dnbler, m. (-6) exchange mer- 
chant, dealer in money purses. 

borften, v. r. to bristle. 

23ofe, 771. (-n; pi. -n) devil ; —> n. (-n) 
evil, vice; — , adj. bad, evil, 
wicked, sore ; -n)i(^t, m. (-e^ ; pi. 
-e) villain. 

H^a\U adj. spiteful, wicked, mali- 
cious, [ness. 

Sofi^eit,/. {pi. -en) malice, wicked- 

33ote, s. m. (-n; pi. -n) messenger, 

Sotfc^aft,/. message, embassy, news, 

brad)cn, v. a. to fallow, to break flax. 

Sranb, m. (-cO; pi. Sranbe) burning, 
combustion, conflagration ; gan- 
grene, mortification. 

Sratett/ m. {-^) roast, roast-meat ; — , 
1). a. to roast, fry. [age, custom, 

Srauc^, m. (-e6 ; pi. 33raud)e) use, us- 

branc^enf v. a. to want, require, need, 
use. [able, useful. 

brau(|bar, adj. fit to be used ; avail- 

brauc()I{(|, see gebraud)l{(^. 

Sraite,/. eyebrow. 

kauen, v. a. to brew, distil. 

braun, adj. brown. [come brown. 

brauncn, -y. a. to brown ; v. n. to be- 

Srau(3, lib. {-ii) bustle, tumult. 



braufcit/ V. n. to rusli, roar, bluster, 

S9raut,/. {2)1. SSroiutc) affianced, be- 
trothed, bride; -ficib, n. (-c^; pi. 
-cr) wedding-dress ; -franj, *'-'• {-^"^ 5 
pi. -frdnje) bridal garland, wreath ; 
-leutc, pi. the betrothed ones. 

SrautiGam, m. {i\ pi. -c) bridegroom. 

bnn^ adj. good, valiant, brave, gal- 
lant, honest. 

S5rQVo, m. (d; j)?. -3) bandit, bravo; 
— , int. bravo. 

brcd)cn, v. a. ir. to break, pluck ; — , 
V. r. to break, vomit ; — t v. n. to 
break, fall, become a bankrupt, 
burst ; bic Gf)C — , to commit adul- 
tery ; fcin 53crt — , to break one's 

93rci, 77Z. (-ca; |>/. -c) pap, panada, 
melted mass, gruel. 

l^reit, adj. broad, extended, wide ; 
Weit unb — , far and wide. [pand. 

brcitcn, V. a. to spread, extend, es- 

brcnnen, v. a. ir. to burn, scorch, cau- 
terize, brand, distil ; — , v. 7i. to 
burn, to be combustible. 
$ S3rief, m. (-e<5 ; pi. -e) letter, epistle. 

Srittant, m. (-en; ^9?. -en) brilliant, 
diamond ; — , adj. brilliant. 

hinjjen, v. a. ir. to bring, convey, 
conduct ; e^ mil — , to make great 
progress ; ju Soapier — , to pen 
down ; ^u SScgc — , to bring about, 
to affect ; ju ©tanbe — , to accom- 
plish, to effect ; umi Ccben — , to 
put to deatli, to kill, 

SBritfc^e, /. (jjI. -n) mace, wand. 

S3rittcnfot)n, m. British son. 

SBrob, n. (-eo ; pi. 33rote) bread, loaf, 
support, livelihood. 

©ru(^, ?/i. (-ce; pi. 33viui)c) breaking. 

fracture, rupture, fragment, her- 
nia, fraction, infringement. 

Sriiifc,/. (pi. -u) bridge. 

5Brubcr, m. (-0 ; p'. SSriibcr) brother ; 
-viefd)lcd)t, n. race of brothers, 
human family ; -^vui'v in. (-c^; pi. 
-ijru^c) brotherly salute ; -morb, 
?/i. (-ci3 ; pi. -c) fratricide ; -},m\t, 
brotherly strife. 

kiiberlid), adj. brotherly, fraternal. 

t^riiflen, v. n. to roar, bellow. 

brummcn/ v. n. to r(>ar, hum, growl, 
murmur, bellow. [ain. 

Srunncn, m. i-i) spring, well, fount- 
j Srunil, /. {pi. ©vimilc) ardor, lust, 

briinjlla, adj. burning, ardent, [rut 

S3ruf}//. {pi. iBriiilc) breast, bos.:m, 
chest; -turnifd), m. (-et3; pi. -c' 
cuirass; -\od)x, f. (jj^. -e) breast- 

britl^cn, i\ r. to look big, to be proud, 
strut. [hatch. 

iSrut,/. {pl.-iVi) brood, incubation, 

briitcn, v. a. to brood, hatch. 

Sul'C, m. (-n; pi. -n) boy, knave, vil- 
lain, rogue. [h(jy. 

23iiHcin, n. {dim. of 23ube) a small 

^\x6>, 11. (-cd; p^. 23iid)cv) book, quire 
of paper; -ilat^e, w. (-n; pi. -w) 
letter, type ; grope — , capital let- 
ter ;-tlaMid), adj. literal ; -wciolnnt, 
/. book learning. 

33ud)cu()ain, m. beecli grove. 

93uc^erl)auf, m. a heap of books. 

33ud)fc, /. {pi. -u) box, case, gun. rii'l.^^ 

5Qud)t,/. {pi. -en) inlet, bay, brook. 

Mtfcn, V. r. to stoop, bow. 

3?itiU'(f m. (-^) hoop, ring, stirrup. 

5i3ut}(e, m.. (-n; pi. -n) sweetheart 
lover, wooer. 

luitjicrifd), adj. coquetisli, unchaste 



SBii^ne, /. {pi -n) scaflEbld, scaffold- 
ing, stage. 

Su^nenwelt, /. theatrical world. 

S3unb, m. (-e<3 ; pL SSunbc) covenant 
league, union, confederacy ; — , n. 
{pi. -e) bundle, truss, bunch ; 
-()rud)ig, adj. breaking the cove- 
nant, treacherous, perfidious. 

S3unbe!3frieben» m. confederation. 

S3unbedgeno§, m. (-en; pi. -en) confed- 
erate, [alliance. 

S5unbm§, n. {-t^, pi. -e) covenant, 

IDunt/ adj. variegated, colored, many 
colored, speckled. 

SSurbe,/. {pi. -n) load, charge. 

33urg, /. {pi. -en) castle, fort ; -ijcrlte^, 
n. (-C!? ; pi -e) dungeon. 

S3iirge, m. (-n; pi -n) surety, bail, 

biirgenr v. a. to bail, warrant. 

SSiirger, m. (-^) citizen, commoner, 
burgher; -frieg, m. {-t^] pi -e) 
civil war; -blut, blood of citizens. 

iiirglid) (burgcrlici), adj. civil, civic. 

S3urgf(|aft, /. {pi -en) bail, surety, 

SSiirjle, /. {pi -n) brush, [guaranty. 

Iburflen, v. a. to brush. 

S3ufc^» m. {-i ; pi ©iifc^e) bush, small 
wood, thicket. 

SBufeit/ m. {-^) breast, bosom, gulf. 

S5u§e,/. {pi -n) penance, penitence, 
repentance, punishment, fine. 

bupen, V. a. to expiate, mend, repair, 
compensate, appease ; — , v. n. to 
atone (for), suffer. 

abutter, /. butter. 

Salabrien, n. (-^) Calabria (south- 
west peninsula of Italy, has over 
1,000,000 inhabitants). 

Samerab, m. (-en, pi -en) comrade. 

Saftellamare, Castlemare (city on the 
Gulf of Naples, has 15,000 inhab.) 

Sanbtbat, m. (-en & -^ ; pi -en) can- 

eapeUc, / {pi -n) chapel. [didate. 

SapcUmeifter, m. (-«) chapel master, 
leader of a band, choir, or orches- 

Sarbinal, m. (-eg; pi -ncilc) cardinal. 

£cber,/. {'pi -n) cedar. 

Sentncr, m, {-i) quintal, hundred 
weight, cent-weight. 

ccntnerf^tt)er, adj. ponderous. 

Scremonie,/. {pi -en) ceremony. 

(S()aratter, m. {-i\ pi, -c) character. 

d)arafteriflifd), adj. characteristic. 

(Il)emic, /. chemistry. 

(S^erub/ m. cherub. 

Sr)erubim, cherubim. 

Sl)or, m. & n. {-i ; pi G^>ore) chorus, 
choir, quire ; crowd {Schiller's 
Burgschaft) ; -^cfanf], m. {pi -gc^" 
fcingc) chorus, choir song, hymn, 
anthem ; -fnatK, m. chorister. 

SI)oriil, m. {-i ; p^. -en) chorister. 

Sl)rift, m. (-en; -pi -en) ; -in, /. {pi 
-nen) christian. 

(If)rijlen^eit, /. Christendom. 

Sf>;:i|lent|tum, n. (-eg) Christianity. 

c^rilllid), adj. christian. 

S^rijlu^, m. Christ. 

S^ronif,/. {pi -en) chronicle. 

S^ronologte,/. {pi -en) chronology. 

d^urfiirjl, m. (-en; pi -en) elector, 
prince elector. 

Sirfel, «ee Bivfcl, [nasium. 

Slaffe, /. (p^. -n) class, cast, gym- 

Slafficimu^, classics. 

Complexion,/, complexion, look. 

Sonclase, n. (-:) conclave. 

Soncovtia,/. concord, concordia. 



Songrcgaticitr congregation, audience. 
conililutioneU, adj. constitutional. 
Sonfultor, w. adviser, counsellor. 
Scntinent, m. (-c^ ; pi. -c) continent, 
contratlircn, v. a. to contrast, set off. 
dox^i, (pron. core) n. corps. 
Sorporal, m. (-^; j)l- -''ilc) corporal. 
Sruciftr, n. {-<i ; j^l. -c) crucifix. 
Sultur, /. ( pi. -en) culture, civiliza- 
Supra» m. cupra. [tion. 

d\)\\u^, m. {pi. Stjflen) cycle. 

X)a, ad'D. there, here, near, where ; 
— , conj. as, since, when, because, 
whereas ; -ki, adv. near that, 
thereby, for It. 

bakiMeikn, v. n. to persist in. 

2)acl), n, (-c^; j)^- ^»u1}cr) roof. 

bitburd), adv. thereby, by (means of) 

bafur, adv. for that, this, or it. [it. 

bagegen, adv. against that, in ex- 
change, on the contrary ; — -, conj. 

ba^eim, adv. at home. [whereas. 

ba^er, adv. thence, from that i)lace ; 
— , conj. tlierefore. 

ba!)inr adv, there, thither, away, 
gone, lost, to that place ; -(neflcttt 
fcin laffcn, to leave undecided or 

!E)almatien, n. Dalmatia (Austrian 
kingdom, of 5,800 sq. miles, with 
about 500,000 inhabitants). 

bamalig, adj. then being, at that time. 

bamald, adv then, at that time. 

T)ame,/. {pi. -n) lady, queen. 

bamit, adv. therewith, with it, with 
that ; — , co7}j, that ; — nid)t, lest, 
in order that. [mole, dike. 

^amm, m. (-<c^; pi. I^anunc) dam, 

bammern, v. n. to grow twilight, 
dawn. [evil spirit. 

X:dmon, m. (-n; j)^- -c") demon, devil, 

Dcimmcrung, /. twilight. 

I)amvff w. (-c^; pi. "S^ampfc) vapor, 
steam, fume ; -kc, n. (-e^ ; pi 
-bdbci) vapor-bath. 

bampfen, v. n. to smoke, fume. 

bdmpfen, v. a. to smother, suflfocate 
extinguish, dampen. [that. 

banad), adv. after that, according to 

banekn, adv. near it, by it. 

Ddnemarf, n. Denmark. 

Dane, m.. Dane. 

banicber, adc. on the ground, down. 

Danf, TO!, (-c^) thanks; — fagcn, — 
ab|lattcn, to thank, return thanks ; 
-bvir, adj. thankful, grateful ; -5ar=* 
feitf /. thankfulness, gratefulness. 

banfen/ v. a. to thank ; eincm iXvah^ ju 
— ^akn, to bo indebted to one. 

bann, adv. then, thereupon ; — nnb 
roann, now and then, occasionally. 

bannen, adv. thence ; son -*-, from 
thence, away. 

baran, ado. thereon, on that, on it, 
by this, that, or it ; near it. 

barauf, adv. thereupon, thereon, on 
it, at it, after that, where(up)on. 

baraud, adv. thereout, therefrom, 
from that, out of it. 

barbietcn, v. a. ir. to offer. 

barbringcn, r. a. ir. to bring, offer. 

barctn, adv. into it. [that, within. 

barin, barinncn, adv. therein, in it, in 

barlegcn, v. a. to lay down ; show, ex- 
plain, demonstrate. 

barlcikn, v. a. ir. to lend. 

barnait, adv. after that, after it, ac- 

b.^rnicbcrfdmpfcn, v. a. to vanquish. 



barolJ* adv. on account of tliat, tliore- 

barftcUen, v. a. to present, represent. 
S^artleUung,/. {pi. -en) presentation, 

representation. [statement. 

2)ar|Mun9^formd, representation, 
bartbun, v. a. to prove, demonstrate, 
baruter, adv. over that, concerning 

that, of that, above, upwards. 
barum, adv. therefore, for that reason. 
barunter, adv. under, below. 
2)afein, n. (~^) presence, existence. 
bafclbjl, adv. there, in that place. 
ba§, co?^j. that ; — nid)t, lest. 
2)auer, /. duration, continuance, 
bauern, v. n. to last, continue, re* 

main ; — , -2). imp. to excite pity, 
©oune,/. {pi. -n) down-feather. 
bai?on, adv. thereof, therefrom, of 

this, that, or it, off, away. 
baser, adv. before it (this, that), of 

it, for it. [sides, 

bap, adv. thereto, to it, for it, be- 
bajwtfc^cn, adv. between (them), 

among (them); — fonimen, tocome 

between, to intervene. 
©ecabe,/. {pi. -n) decade. 
%^<S.^, f. {pi. -n) cover, coverlet, 

ceiling, tegument. 
bedcn, V. a. to deck, to cover, [claim. 
bcdamirem v. a. & n. to recite, to de- 
!Degen, m. (-5) sword ; warrior. 
bein, belne, bein, pro. thine, your. 
beinet^alben, beinctiTjcgen, urn beinetnjU^ 

Icn, adv. on thy (your) account, 

for thy sake. 
beinerfcitiJ, pron. on your side or -p&rt. 
!Delo^, Delos (island in the J^gean 

Sea, sacred to Apollo). 
2)eIi:'I)in, m. (-a; pi. -e) dolphin. 
'DentagOvV'W*- (-en; pi. -en) demagogue. 

bentagogifc^, adj. demagogical. 

bcmnad), conj. therefore, consequent, 
ly, accordingly. [ing. 

bemo^n(5ead)tet, 2Jrep. notwithstand- 

2)emofrat, m. (-en; pi. -en) democrat. 

2)empfratie, /. {pi. -en) democracy. 

bemofratifd), a(^. democratical. 

Dcmut^, /. humility, lowliness. 

bemutl)ig, adj. humble, submissive. 

bemut^3»DlI, adj. lowly, humble. 

T)mtaxt,f. {pi. -en) mode of thinking. 

benfbar, adj. conceivable, imaginable, 

benfen, v. a. & n. ir. to think, con- 
ceive, imagine, remember. 

2)enfmal, n. (-es^ ; pi -mdler) monu- 

benfn?urbig, adj. memorable, [ment. 

benn, conj. then, but, for, than. 

bennod), conj. yet, nevertheless. 

!£)eputirte (bcr), m. (-n; pi. -n) deputy. 

bereinflf adv. in future, one day. 

bergej^alt, adv. in such a manner, so. 

bergleic^en, adia. such, such like. 

berienige, biejemge, bai^iemge, pron. 
that, this, the one, he, she, it. 

bcrfclbe, bicfclbe, baffelk, pro7i. the 
same ; he, she, or it. 

be§t)alb, adv. for this reason, on that 
account ; — , conj. therefore. 

2)efpct, m. (-en; p?. -en) despot. 

befpotifcf), adj. despotic. 

^DefpDtiSmud, m. despotism, tyranny. 

be^faU^, adv. for this reason. 

beflo, conj. the ; — beffer, so much the 
better. [son, on that account. 

be^wegcn, bc^tDillcn, adv. for that rea- 

beuten^ «. a. to point at, explain, in- 
terpret ; — , V. n. to point to. 

beutlt(^, adj. clear, distinct. 

beutf(^, adj. German. 

^Deutfc^e (ber), m. (-en; pi. -en) or cin 
!J)eutfcI)cr; — > /. {pi. -en) German. 



Dcutfd}Ianb, n. Germany. 
2)eutun3, /. ( pi. -en) explanation. 
Dicbeni/ m. diadem. 
1)iafonu<3, m. deacon. 
!Dialcft, m. {-t'2> ; pi. -e) dialect 
bialeflifd), adj. dialectic, 
fci^t, adj. dense, solid, compact, close; 
-klaubt, adj. covered witli thick 
2)icl)tc,/. density, closeness. 
bict)tcn, V. n. to think, invent, com- 
pose, poetize, make poetry. 
2)id)ter, m. (-^) poet ; -bru|l, poetic 

nature ; -allegoric, poetic lore. 
!Dtd)tfunil,/. (no plur.) poesy, art of 
poetry. [tion. 

2)id}tuno[, /. {pi. -en) fiction, invcn- 
bicf, adj. tliick, big, corpulent, 
biftiren, v. a. to dictate. 
X)ieb, 111. (-c^ ; pi. -c) tliicf. 
2)iele,/. {pi. -n) board, 
biclen, V. a. to lay with boards, floor, 
biencn/ v. n. to serve, to be fit. 
Dicner, m. (-^) ; ©ienerin,/. (/)^. -nen) 
servant ; minister; -[d}aft, /. {pi. 
-en) servants, domestics. 
!I)ienil, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) service, office, 
Died, see biejir. [employment. 

bicfcr, bicfc, bicfc^, proii. this, 
bie^ja^ri*], adj. of this year, 
bicdmal, adv. this time. [object, 

X)in9, n. (-e^; pi. -c) thing, matter, 
T)imenrion,/. {pi. -en) dimension. 
I)ircftor, m. {-i ; pi. -en) director. 
T'irne, /. {pi. -en) maid, girl. 
S^i^cipltn,/. {pl.-iw) disciplint;, sci- 
ence of art. 
bodv add. yet, however, but, pray. 
3)oftcr, m. {-i ; i^l. -en) doctor. 
I)oI(^, m. (-cv? ; pi. -e) dagger, pon- 

X)om, m. (-ce ; pi. -e) dome, cathedral. 

Domanc, /. ( pi. -n) domain, demesne. 

2)cnncr, m. (-«§) thunder ; ijom — gc* 
riit)rt, thunderstruck ; -fell, m. (-(3; 
^;?. -e) thunderbolt ; -fd)Ia(Ti, m. (-^ ; 
pi. -fd)Iage) thunderclap ; -woIfe,/. 
{pi. -n) tempestuous cloud; -wortf 
7i.. (-e(3 ; j?^. -e) word of j udgment. 

bcnnern, v. imp. to thunder. 

bcppcl, t'/i. comp. double. 

Doppelflintc, /. {pl.-xC) double-barrel- 
ed gun. 

boppcin, V. a. to double. 

'Doppelfmn, m. (-e5 ; pi. -e) ambiguous 
sense, double meaning. 

boppelfinmoi, adj. ambiguous. 

boppelt, adj. double. 

boppet^ungiijf adj. double-tongued. 

I)cppcljuni3i3feit, /. double-tongued, 
deceit fulness. 

Dorf, n. {-zi>;pl. IDorfer) village. 

fcort, borten, adv. there, yonder, yon. 

bortfjer, adc. from yonder, thence. 

bort^in, adv. to that place, hither. 

bortii], adj. being there, of that place. 

^rad)C, m. (-n) dragon, drake, kite. 

2)rad)eni3ift, n. dragon's poison. 

^ragoncr, m. (-^) dragoon. 

X)rama, n. (-5; ^7^. 2)ramcn) drama. 

©rang, m. throng, pressure, oppres- 
sion, distress. 

1)rvUigcn, n. pressing of a crowd, 
pushing ; — , v. a. to press, squeeze, 

brauen, see broken. [urga 

braupen, adv. out of doors, without. 

brekn, v. a. to turn, twist, wrest. 

brei, adj. three; -cintoi, adj. three 
united, triune; -T'niv adj. three- 
fold, triple, treble; -fni";, in. tri- 
ped ; -mal, adv. three times ; -fil* 
HiV <(dj- of three syllables. 



brct§tg, adj. thirty ; -jci^rig, num. adj. 
lasting thirty years, thirty years 

breiji, adj. bold, courageous. [old. 

brei^e^n, adj. thirteen. 

fcringeitf v. n. ir. to throng, crowd, 
penetrate ; — , v. a. to compress, 
urge ; auf etlt>a^ — , to press or 
urge a thing. 

bringenb, adj. urgent, pressing. 

britte, adj. third. 

broken, v. a. to threaten, 

©ro^ung, /. {pi. -en) threat, menace, 

bro^ncn, v. n. to shake, groan, rever- 

brt^Uig, adj. funny, peculiar. 

briiben, adv. over yonder. 

briibcr, see bariiber, 

!£)rucf, m. (-esS) pressure, squeeze, 

brucfen, v. a. to press, print. 

briicfcn, v. a. to press, squeeze, pinch, 
oppress. [Druids. 

©ruibcnbaitni/ m. mistletoe-oak of the 

brum, see barum. 

brunten, adv. below, there below. 

^\Xt pron. thou, you. 

!I)uett, n. (-g; pi. -e) duel. 

2)uft, m. (-ea ; pi. 2)ufte) scent, fra- 
grancy, exhalation, vapor; -gebilb, 
n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) hazy form. 

buften, '€. n. to be odoriferous, to 
send out fragrance. 

buftig, adj. fragrant. [dure. 

bulben, v. a. to tolerate, suffer, en- 

bumm, adj. dull, stupid, foolish. 

©umm^eit, /. {pi. -en) stupidity. 

bumpf, adj. hollow ; damp, musty. 

2)une, see 'Saune. [plain). 

!Dune,/. {pi. -n) down (large, open 

2)unenftffen, n. downy pillow. 

bunfel, adj. dark, obscure ; -griin, adj. 

dark green ; -^eit, /. darkness, ob- 

bunfen, v. imp. to seem, appear. 

bunn, adj. thin, fine, subtle, small, 

burc^, prep, through, by, throughout ; 
-m^, adv. throughout, by all 

burc^bo^ren, 'O. a. to bore through. 

burc^bringcn, ■». a. ir. to bring through, 
squander ; — / v. r. to get through 
the world. 

burd)btingen, n. n. ir. to get through, 
pierce, penetrate, pervade, suc- 
ceed ; — , insep. to penetrate, fill 
with. [shrill, sharp, keen. 

burc^bringenb, part. & adj. piercing, 

burd)brucfen, v. a. to press through. 

burd^einanbcr, adv. confusedly, i:ell- 

burd}fed)ten, v. a. if. to fight through ; 
— , V. r. to light one's way through, 
to get out of a scrape. 

burc^faulen, v. n. to rot entirely, pu. 
trefy, rot through. [animate. 

burc^flammen, v. a. to flash through, 

burtflfliegcn, v. n. ir. to fly through ; 
— , insep. a. to fly tlirough, tra- 
verse rapidly, peruse. 

©urd)flug, m. (-c^; _p?. -flugc) rapid 
passing through a place. 

DuTOigang, m. (-e<? } pi. -gange) pas- 
sage, defile. 

burd)gdngtg, adj. previous, common, 
usual, prevailing, without excep- 
tion, universal. 

burd)grubeln, v. a. to reflect upon a 
thing, search. 

burd){)culcn, v. a. to fill with howling. 

burd)iammcrn, v. a. to lament or cry 
throughout (the night, &c.). 



burd^fam^fm, v. a, to fight out. 
burd^fUn^ien, v. n. ir. to sound through. 
burc^fommcn, v> n. ir. to come or get 

through, come off, recover. 
burd)laiifcn, v, n. to run through ; ^^, 

insep. to run over, peruse, 
burdjmcngen* v. a. to mingle or mix 

thoroughly, mix up with. 
burc^mcftcn, v. a. ir. to measure 

burdjmifc^m, see fcurc^mengen. 
burc^rinnen, v. a. & ir. sep. k insep. to 

run through. 
burd)fd)aucn» v. n. to look through ; 

— I iiwep. a. to see the heart of 

one, to imdcretand (a perbon). 
burc^fci)ieHCtt' ^'- w* to shoot through 

(an opening), to dart through, to 

interleave (book) ; — , insep. a. to 

fire through. 
bur(^fd)lummern, v- 7i. to sleep through; 

to pass in slumber, 
burd^fitneibcn^ 'C. a. ir. sep. & insep. to 

cut through, intersect, pierce. 
bUTd)|"lrafiIen, ■». n. insep. to shine 

through, fill with rays. 
burch;lrcifen» to rove through. 
burd)|lrcmcn, v. a. & n. sep. & insep. 

to fiow through, pervade. 
burc^fud)cn, i) a. to search through, 
biirc^road^en^ v, a. to watch through, 

])a88 waking. [through. 

burd}iDanbern, v. wander or travel 
burdwcincn, v. a. to pass weeping. 
burd?):)irfcn, v. a. to knead through ; 

— , ins<p. to interweave. 
burd^lviif^Icn, v. r. to dig through 

work through ; — , insep. n. to 

grub up, root up. [ed. 

biirfcn, V. n. ir. to dare, to be allow- 
burftig, adj. needy, indigent, poor. 

Diirftigfett, /. poverty, neediness. 
biirr, adj. dry, arid, withered. 
't)urre,/. aridity, dryness, draught. 
2)ur|l, m. (-e^) thirst. [thirst, 

Durilen, biir|len» v. n, to be thirsty, 
curftiii, adj. thirsty, dry, 
DiiluT, (idj. dark, gloomy, dismal. 
S)u^eni5, n. (-*(e)^ j pi. -e) dozen. 

Sbbe, /. {pi. -n) ebb, ebbtide. 

ebkn, v. n. to ebb. 

eben, adj. even, plain, flat ; —, adi). 
even, just,precisely, merely; -lulb> 
n. (-C(5 ; pi. -cr) image ; -biirtic^, adj. 
of equal birth ; -bcrfelbc, pron. the 
very same ; -fall<?, adv. likewise, 
too, also : fo — , even now, just 
now ; -foiDcnig, ad/o. just as little. 

Skne, /. (i>i^. -u) plain, level ground. 

Mjo, n. {-a) echo. 

fd}t, adj. legitimate, genuine. 

Srfc,/. {pi. -w) corner, edge. 

cbcl, adj. noble, well-born, generous ; 
-bame, {j)l. -n), -frau, /. {pi. -cnj 
noble lady ; -t)of, m. (-:^ ; pi. -l)ofc) 
estate, mansion ; -fnabc, m. {-\\\'pL 
-n) page; -fnecbt, m. {-zi\ pi. -c) 
page; -mann, m. (-c^ ; 7)^.-{cute) no- 
bleman; -mut^, m. (-c(?) generosi- 
ty, magnanimity ; -\\^\\\, m. {-ii\ 
pi. -c) precious stone: -lt)at, /. {^pL 
-en) generous deed. 

Sfflcrccccm, /. efflorescence. 

' C£ben, Eden. 

^ Gf)Cr/. ( ]:l. -n) marriage, matrimony, 
wedlock ; — , eonj. k adv. ere, be- 

i fore ; -banb, m. y-fii^ ; pi. -l>anbc(n) ) 
marriage tie : -•(eno|'^(e), w. (-ffcnj 

' pi. -ffcn) consort, husband ; -lci!tc< 



pi. married couple ; -malig, adj. 

old, former ; -nial(5, adv. formerly, 

in former times ; -mann, m. (-c& ; 

pi. -manner) married man, Tius- 

band ; -jlanb, m. (-e(J)married state, 
cl^er, adv. sooner. [wedlock, 

e^ern, adj. brazen, of metal. 
e^eflenSf adv. soonest, first. 
©^re, /. ( pi. -n) honor ; — erjeigen, to 

do honor, 
e^ren, v. a. to honor, esteem ; ~am\, 

n. (-ei3 ; pi. -ctmter) office of honor ; 

-^ejeigung; /. {pi. -en) expression 

of esteem, mark of honor ; -bo gen; 

triumphal arch; -grup, bow of 

reverence ; -freuj, n. {pi. -e) cross 

of honor ; -"pla^, m. {-t^ ; pi. -^Ici^c) 

seat of honor, place of honor ; 

-i)oE, adj. honorable, honored ; 

-rooxt, n. (-eS; pL -c) word of 

e^rerBietig, adj. reverent, respectful. 
©^rfurd)t,/. veneration, reverence. 
S^rgefu^lf 71. (-e$) sense of honor. 
G^rgci^, m. (-e^) ambition. 
c^rgeijig, adj. ambitious. 
e^rlic^, adj. honest, honorable, 
(£^r[ud)t, /. inordinate ambition. 
c^r^ergeffen^ adj. unmindful of honor, 

cbrroiirbi^, adj. venerable, reverend, 
©i, n. {-ii'^pl. -cr) egg; — , int. ah! 

eh ! hey ! ay ! 
Gic^e,/. {pi. -n) oak, oak-tree. 
(^i^^oxn, m. (-e3; 25^- -^i-^i^ttcr); Sidv 

prnc^en, n. (-$) squirrel. 
Sib, m. (-ca ; pi -e) oath. 
(£ibfc{)rour, m. (-c<?; pi. -[(^njitrc) oath. 
Sicrfudicn, m. (-«?) omelet. 
©tf:r, m- (-1?) zeal, passion ; -\ud)t,f. 

jealousy, envy. 

(Sifcrcr, m. (-^) zealot, zealous advo- 

eifern, v. n. to be zealous, be angry ; 
perform with zeal ; repeat. 

eifrig, adj. zealous, eager. 

eigen, adj. own, proper, particular, 
singular, odd, whimsical, jmncti- 
lious, capricious, exact. 

cigcnb^, see cigeni3. [succor. 

Sigenl)ulfe, /. one's own helj), aid, 

ctgen^, adv. particularly, expressly. 

©igenfc^aft, /. {pi. -en) quality, quali- 
fication, [ness, stubbornness. 

Sigenftnn, m. {-ti) caprice, wilful- 

cigenftnnig, adj. capricious, wilful. 

Stgcnt^unt, n. (-e^) property. 

etgentt;iimUd), adj. possessed as x^rop- 
erty, proper, peculiar. 

(£tgcntI)iimUd}feit,/. {pi. -en) property, 

eigentUd)f adj. proper, own, peculiar, 
actual. [ness. 

eigenroillc, m. (-nS) self-will, wilful- 

eigenn)tl(ig, adj. self-willed, obstinate, 
wilful. [to be fit (for). 

cignen, v. n. to belong to ; fid) — (ju), 

Silanb, n. (-e? ; pi. -c) island. 

Silt'otc, m. (-n; ???. -n) courier. 

©tie, /. haste, speed. 

cilen, V. n. to hasten, speed. 

cilenb(^)r adj.k adv. quick(ly), speedy, 
hasty, speed(il)y, hast(il)y. 

cilf or elf, adj. eleven. 

cilfcrtig, adj. hasty, liastening; ready. 

eilftc, adj. eleventh. 

ctUg, adj. hasty, speedy. 

©inter, n. (-«) pail, bucket. 

etnanber, adj. one another. 

SinMIbung, /. ( pi. -en) fancy, imagi- 
nation, conceit. [nation. 

Ginbilbung^fraft, /. power of imagi- 



GlaC^IafuncV /. ( pi -n) blowing in, 
blowing down, prompting. 

einburgcrn, v. a. to imturalizc. 

ctnMpen* v. a. to suffer loss, lose. 

einborrcn, i>. a. to dry up. [into. 

einbroini^en, v. a. to scjueeze or force 

elnbriiiijcn, v. n. ir. to enter with 
force, press upon. [sion. 

Stnbrucf, m. (-c^; 2^^- -trurfe) impres- 

eine^t^ciU, ado. on the one hand. 

einfad^, adj. single, simple. 

SinfatI, m. (-C(3; pi. -falle) fallinf? in- 
to, irruption, incidence, fall, ruin, 
sally, suddcii idea ; fancy. 

cinfallcn, v. n. ir. to fall, fall into, 
sink, invade; occur; remember; 
e(5 faOt mir etn, it occurs to me, it 
strikes me. 

Sinfatt, /. simplicity. 

nnfaltig/ adj. simple, silly. 

elnfaffen, •». a. to put up, close (in), 
border, bind. [influence. 

Sinrlup, m. (-ffed ; pL -^n\fc) influx, 

ci ifiU)rc:i, v. a. to carry into; import ; 

cinfuUen, v. a. to fill in, fill up. 

©tn.^abc, /. {pi. -n) delivery, presen- 
tation, memorial presented. 
f (£in3an3, in. (-ciJ ; pi. -^,im^() entrance, 
entry, access, introduction, pre- 

ein^u'ben, v. a. ir. to give, j^resent ; 
give (mT?dicin(^) ; inspire. 

ctnvKboren, adj. native, indijo^enous. 

Sin>'lntniV /• {pi -en) inspiration, 
suf^gestion. [ing. 

einu'bciif, adj. mindful, remember- 

cin>'t)en, «. n. ir. to enter, come in, 
arrive •- consent to ; contract ; 
grow h'ss, s;iri:ik. [judiced. 

cini;(cnonniicn, p((rt pn-jjossessed, pre- 

I cin(}cfd)lt(^cn, part, crept in. 

j cincjuibcu/ v. a. ir. to di;-- in, entrench, 

cini^rcifcn, v. n. ir. to h.y hold, seize 
upon, encroach, [encroachment. 

Singriff, m. {~ci,2)l -c) seizure, catch ; 

cinlialtcn, v. a. ir. to st':)p, check ; — , 
V. n. to pause, cease. 

ctn(}cimtfd), adj. native, home-bred. 

cinf)cr, adv. forth, along ; -(5c{)cn, to 
walk along; -ile^ircn, to strut 
along ; -trctcn, v. n. & a. ir. to step 
along ; -ivanOcln, v. n. to wander 

cint)o(cnf v. a. to overtake, collect, 
bring, bring in. 

cinpUeiu v. a. to wrap up. 

cini*3. adj. sole, united, agreeing; 
— [cin, to agree. 

eini(;(cr, dmci,t, cimgc^?,;^'^/^. some, any ; 
— , ])l. some, several. 

Sinlgfeit, /. unity, concord. 
j einimpfcu, v. a. to inoculate. 
I cinfaufcn, v. a. to buy, purchase. 

cinfc^n^cn, v. n. to turn in, .stoj) (at an 
inn). [unison. 

Sinflang, m. (-C(?; 2>l -flaiuiic) accord, 

Sinflcibung,/. {pi. -cti) clothing, ves- 
ture; — cincr ?{onnc, installment 
of a nun. 

Sinfommcn^ n. (-<?) income, revenue; 
— , V. n. ir. to come in, reply, pro- 
test, [take on board. 

eintaben, v. a. ir. to invite; sliip, 

ctnliUifcn, V. n. to run in, arrive; 

I slirink 

; cinlcitcn, v. a. to introduce. 

cinlcnfcii, v. n. to return, come around. 

ctulcuilncn, r. n. to be clear, evident. 

cinmal, adc. once, one time, oncii 

' up;jn a time ; nuf — , at once, all 



of a sudden» suddenly ; no^ — , 
ouco more ; nici)t — , not even once. 

(Sinmut^, m. (-«) see Sinmut{)igfctt. 

einmutt)ig, adj. unity, unanimous. 

©inmiit^igfeii, /. concord, unanimity, 
singleness of purpose. 

einnc^men, v. a. ir, to take in, re- 
ceive, capture, occupy, prepossess. 

einpreffettf v. a. to press, or put into 
the press ; condense. 

©tnquartterung, /. {pi. -en) soldiers 

einraumcn, v. a. to give up (a room, 
a house), give space to, concede. 

©inrebe, /. {pi. ~n) contradiction, ex- 

ein^F /. one ; — , adti. of one mind ; 
-male, adv, once, formerly ; — fein, 
to agree ; — werben, to agree upon, 
to become reconciled, [solitude. 

einfam, adj. single, solitary, alone, in 

©mfamfeit, /. solitariness, solitude. 

einfc^iffenr v. a. to embark, ship ; — , 
V. r. to go on board, embark. 

einfd)lafen> v. n. ir. to fall asleep, fall 
away, die. [into security. 

einfc^lcifern, v. a. to put to sleep, lull 

einfc|laferig» adj, single (of a bed). 

(£infc()lag, m. (~e^; pi. ^fdjlagc) woof, 
weft, part turned in. 

emfc^lagcn, v. a. ir. to strike into, beat 
in, put in, give one's hand in 
token of agreement ; — , v. n. to 
strike into, strike inwards, suc- 
ceed, prosper. [in(to). 

ein[i^Ictd)cn, v. n. ir. to creep or steal 

ftnff^Ucpen, t. a. ir. to lock in, \n- 
clude, enclose ; — , t. n. to catch, 
fit close. 

tinfi^mel^en. n. a. to melt down ; — , 
i\ n. to diminish by meltinfj. 

einfc^meti'^ctn, ■«. a. r. to ingratiate 
one's self. [limit ; entrench. 

einfd)rdntcn, v. a, to confine, restrain, 

ein[c()reil)enf v. a. to write in, enroll, 
book, inscribef 

clufe^en, v. a. to set in, put in, plant; 

put in prison ; deposit ; institute ; 

risk. [tion, intelligence. 

i @uifid)t; /. {pi. -en) insight, observa- 

cinfieblertfc^, adj, retired, secluded. 

cin)!, add. once, at one time, at some 
future time ; -mal^/ adv. once, 
formerly. [up, pocket. 

einflecfen, -w. a. to stick in, put in or 

einftetten, v. a. to make one's appear- 
ance, put up; — , v. r. to appear, 
to be present, suspend, interrupt. 

etnftur3,en» v. n. to fall in suddenly ; 
— / 1). a. to knock down. 

(£tntt)eilun9, /. {pi. -en) distribution, 

Sintrad)t, /. concord, unanimity. 

einl'Teten, v. n. ir. to step into, enter ; 
— , V. a. to tread in, stamp in, 
tread down. [trance. 

(Stntritt, m. (-(e)5; pi. -e) entry, en- 

einn?eil)cn, v. a. to initiate, consecrate. 

einn?icgcnf v. a. to rock asleep. 

cinwilligen, v. n. to assent, consent to. 

6inn)irfungf/. {pi. -en) influence. 

Sinwo^ner, m. (-^); Aw, f. {pi. -ncn) 
inhabitant. [tion. 

©tnwurf/ m. (-eg ; pi. -n^ittfe) objec- 

einjeln, adj. only, single individual. 

einjie^en, v. a. ir. to draw in, confis- 
cate, arrest, retrench ; — , ■«. n. to 
march in, to remove into. 

Stnjlchung,/ {pi. -en) drawing in, tak- 
ing in, suppression, confiscation. 

einufi/ (idj. only, alone. [trance. 

(Sin\ug» m. (-eo; pi. -^itgc) entry, en- 



(Hi, n. ice ; -\ioh ice-pole ; -^arfen, 
-japfen, m. (-d) icicle. 

cifen# V. a. to cut the ice. 

(£ifm, n. {-^) iron ; -ba^n, /. (pi -en) 
railroad ; -banbc,/. (2)1. -en) shakle 
of iron; -^ut, m. {-i; pi. -l>ute) 
monkshood (name of a flower) ; 
-biittc, /. (2>l- -n) iron foundry, 
iron forge. [sensible. 

eifern/ adj. iron, made of iron, in- 
cite!, adj. vain ; idle ; mere. 

Sfcl, m. {-<^) dislike, distrust, aver- 
sion ; — , adj. loathsome, disgust- 
ing ; -:ax, adj. loathsome, disgust- 
ing ; -t)aft, adj. loathsome, disgust- 
ing; -name, m. nickname. 

elajlifd), adj. clastic. 

eltgant, adj. elegant. 

(£Ic9ic,/.(;;;.-n) elegy. 

Slemcnt, n. (-(c)v5 ; pL -c) element. 

clementart[d> adj. elemental. 

(£lenb, m. (-(e)^) misery, affliction, 
distress ; — , adj. miserable, 
wretched, sick. 

Slep^ant, m. (-en; pi. -en) elephant. 

elf, adj. eleven. 

Slfe,/. (jd. -n) elf, fairy, hobgoblin. 

Glfenbein, n. (-(e)^) ivory ; ivory 
stick which was used (by the 
ancients) to strike the lyre, the 

©Item, p^. parents, [plectrum (p. 78). 

Sl^flum, 71. {-^) elysium. 

clpfaifc^, adj. Elysian ; bie -en Sdber, 
Elysian fields (Paris park) 

tntpfangen, v. a. ir. to receive, take, 

(£mpfanc<er, m. (-<?) receiver. 

cmpfan(\Iidv adj. susceptible. 

tmpfe^Icn, v. a. ir. to commend, ro^ 
commend ; — , v. r. to commend 
one's self 

empftnben. v. a. ir. to feel, perceive, 

to be sensible of. [sibility. 

Smpftnblic&feit, /. susceptibility, sen- 
Smpfinbiamfeit, /. sensibility, suscep- 
tibility, sentimental ism. 
(Smpfmbung, /. {pi. -en) perception, 

feeling, emotion, 
cmpor, adv. upwards, on high, up. 
empcrcn, v. a. to raise, stir up ; — , 

V. r. to revolt, rebel. [neer. 

(Smpbrcr, w. (-v) insurgent, muti- 
cmporbringcn, v. a. ir. to raise. 
cmppvlwltcn, V. a. ir. to hold aloft, 

hold up liijh. 
eniporraffcn, v. sep. reg. to raise up. 
empprrid)tcn, v. a. to raise (ui^). 
empcrjlcigcn, v. n. ir. to rise. 
emporn?ad)fcn, v. n. ir. to grow up. 
cmfig, adj. active, industrious. 
(£nbe, n. {-i\ pi. -n) end, limit, 
cnbcn, v. n. & /•. to end, cjase ; — , v. 

a. to finish, acc')m])lish. 
enbigcn, v. a. to end, finish; - — , r. r. 

to end, cease. 
enblid), adj. finite, limited, final ; — , 

adi\ at last, finally, 
cng. adj. narrow, close, Rtrait. 
Sngc, /. narrowness, difficulties. 
Gngcl, m. (-^) angel; -fnabe, m. (-n; 

pi. -n) angel boy ; -lippc, in connp. 

angel's lip ; -majeflat, angelic niaj- 
cni\cn, V. a. to narrow. [esty. 

(Sntilanb, n. England. 
cmi(e()lanbifdv adj. English. 
cni\nfd>, adj. English. 
Gnfcl, m. (-V?) grandson, grandchild; 

-in, /. ( pi. -nen) granddaughter. 
entiiiitilcrn, «. r. to dispose of, sell ; 

forbear ; acquit one's self of a 

thing. [of, do without, 

cnttebrcn, t. n. to want, to be iu \\ ant 



entk|rli(^, adj. dispensable, not want- 
ed, unnecessary, [privation. 

Gntbe^rung, /. {pi. -en) abstinence, 

eutbinben, v. a. ir. to unbind, absolve, 
loose, deliver (of). 

entMo^en, v. a. to make naked, bare, 
strip ; deprive. 

ent^re(i)en/ v. r. ir. to forbear, abstain 
from, break one's self from a 
habit. [come inspired. 

entBrennen, v. n. ir. to inflame, be- 

entbcd eri; n. a. to uncover ; discover ; 
reveal, disclose. 

(Sntbecfer, m. (-^) discoverer. 

entc^ren, v. a. to dislionor, defame, 

enterben^ v. a. to disinherit, [escape. 

entfallen, v. n. ir. to fall out, drop ; 

entfalten, v. a. to unfold. 

(Sntfaltung, /. unfolding, display. 

entferncn, v. a. to remove ; — , v. r. to 
withdraw, retire. 

entfernt, adj. remote, distant. 

Sntfcrrtung, /. {iil. -en) removal, re- 
moteness, distance. 

entflammcn, v. a. to inflame. 

entfleifii)t, 2)art. & adj. fleshless. 

cntfliegcn, 'd. n. to fly aAvay, escape. 

entfliel)en, v. n. ir. to run away from, 
escape, flee. 

entfltcpen, v. a. to flow from. 

entfremben, v. a. to estranp^e. 

entfu[)ren, v. a. to carry ofl", run away 
with, kidnap. 

entgeyen, prep. & adv. ajjainst, to- 
wards ; -geljerif v. n. ir. to go to 
meet ; -gefett, adj. opposed, con- 
trary ; -fommen, v. n. ir. to come 
to meet ; -firccf en, v. «. to i t etch 
forth ; -tretcn, v. n. ir. to step 
towards or against, to go to meet. ' 

entgegnen, v. a. to answer, reply. 

entgeljcn/ -». n. ir. to go away from, 

cntl)alten, «. a. ir. to contain, hold, 
comprehend ; — , v. r. to abstain 

cnt^eiligcn, v. a. to profane, desecrate. 

ent^uden, v. a. to unveil, uncover. 

Snt^ufia^mu^/ m. enthusiasm. 

cnt^ufta)lifrf), adj. enthusiastic. 

@nt|mfiaf!, m. {-txi^pl. -en) enthusiast. 

cntfletben, v. a. to undress, divest (of), 
strip. [cape. 

entfommen, v. n. ir. to get away, es- 

cntlaben, v. a. ir. to unload, dis- 

entlang, adv. lengthwise, along. 

entlaffen, i). a. ir. to dismiss, dis- 
charge ; release. 

entlebtgeni. v. a. to set free, exempt ; 
— , v. r. to acquit or rid one's self 

entlegettf adj. remote, distant, [(of). 

cntle^nen, v. a. to borrow. 

entleiben, v. a. to kill ; — , v. r. to 
commit suicide. 

entmanncn, v, a. to mutilate, efibmi- 
nate, unnerve, unman. 

cntraffen, v. a. to snatch away (ctnem 
cttx)a(3) from one. [away. 

entrci^en, v. a. ir. to tear or snatch 

entrid)ten, v. a. to satisfy, pay what 
is due. [capo. 

entrinncn, v. n. ir. to run away, es- 

cntruften, v. a. to make angry ; — , 
V. r. to become angry. 

entfa^'^cn, v. n. to renounce. 

C£ntfagung, /. {pi. -en) denial, re- 

entfcf)ciben, v. a. ir. to decide, deter- 
mine ; pass or give judgment or 



entf(^eibenb, part. & adj. decisive. 
(iEmfd)eitiun9, /. {pi. -en) determina- 
tion, decision. [decided, 
entfc^iebeit, part. & adj. determined, 
entfc^lafe^u n. ir. to fall asleep, die. 
cntfci)lagcn, v. r. ir. to divest one's 
self (of), avoid, forget ; fid) Me 
©orgen — , to cast away care, 
entfc^tiej^en, v. r. ir. to resolve, come 

to a determination. 
(Sntfc^Iiciung, /. {pi. -en) resolution, 

cntfd)Icffcn, adj. resolved, resolute, 
entfc^lumntern, v. n. to fall into a 

slumber, fall asleep, die. 
entf(:f)liipfen, v. n. to slip from, escape. 
entfcf)Iu§, m. (-ffeS/ pi. -fc^liiffe) reso- 
lution, purpose. 
entfd)ulbigen, v. a. to exculpate, ex- 
cuse ; — , V. r. to excuse one's self, 
entfeclt, adj. dead, lifelesa [refuse. 
(Sntfe^en, 71. (-^) terror, horror ; — , 
V. a. to displace, de^wse, deliver, 
relieve ; — , v. r. to be terrified. 
cntfc^Iic^, adj. liorrible, terrible, 

cntjicgeln, v. a. to unseal, open, 
entfinfen, v. n. to sink out of or 
^^ away from. 

cntfpringenf v. n. ir. to spring from 

or away, escape ; arise, originate. 

cntfic'^cn, v. n. ir. to begin, originate. 

entjTe{^en» v. a. to arise from or out 

of, ascend from. 
entflellcn, v. a. to disfigure, deface. 
©ntflellung, /. deforming, disfiguring. 
cntful^ncnf v. a. to free from sin, purify. 
enttaufd)en> v. a. to undeceive, 
cntttjaffnen, v. a. to disarm. 
cnt»eber> conj. either. [escape. 

cnttt)eic^en, v. n. ir. to give way, slip, 

entwei^en, n. a. to profane, desecrate. 
entwenben, v. a. ir. to purloin, steal. 
cnttwcrfcn, v. a. ir. to design, project, 
cntwicfeln, -y. a. to unfold, develop, 

explain. [evolution, 

©ntwicfeluncv f.{pl. -en) development, 
cnttt>lnben/ v. a. to wrest from or 

out of. 
cnttt)irrcn, v. a. to unravel. 
entn?if($cn, v. n. to slip away, escape. 
cntlt»5^nen> v. a. to disaccustom, wean. 
cnthjurbigettf v. a. to degrade. 
Sntwurbtgungr /. degradation. 
Sntrourf, m. (-e^; pi. -rourfe) sketch, 

design, project. [chaVi. 

cntjaubcrn, v. a. to disenchant, un- 
ent^ie^en/ v. a. ir. to take away, with- 
draw, deprive (of) ; — , v. r. to 

withdraw, avoid. 
entjiicfen, v. a. to enrapture, ravish, 

charm, delight. [port. 

Sntjiicfung, /. {pi. -en) ecstasy, trans- 
cntjiinbcn, v. a. to kindle, flame ; — , 

V. r. to catch fire. 
cntjtvei, adv. in two, asunder. 
cntj^iuetcn, v. a. to divide, separate ; 

— , V. r. to quarrel. 
©pirUiS, n. Epirus. 
cpirifd), adj. relating to Epirus. 
Spillel, /. {pi. -n) epistle. 
(£rad)ten, n. opinion ; melne^ Sracbtcn^, 

in my opinion ; — , v. a. to think, 

opine, to be of opinion. 
(Srbarmcn* n. mercy, compassion, 

pity ; — , V. a. to move to pity; 

— , V. r. to feel pity, take pity 

upon, have mercy. 
erboirmlid), adj. miserable, pitiful. 
(Srbarmung, /. mercy, pity, 
crbaucn, v. a. to build, erect. 
crbauUc^, adj. edifying. 



Sr^c, m. (-n; pi. -n) heir, inheritor ; 
— , n. (-^) inheritance, patrimony. 

eriebeiir v. n. to shake. 

erbeit; v. a. to inherit, get by inher- 
itance ; — , n, n. to descend by 

erBetcn, «. a. to request ; ftc^ ettra^ 
— , to endeavor to obtain by 

erbeuten, -». a. to gain, take by booty. 

erbitten, "o. a, ir. to beg, request, ask 
for. [disease. 

(Srbfranf^eit, /. {pi. -en) hereditary 

erMaffen, 'v. n. to grow pale, faint, 

erl^lcic^en, v. n. ir. to grow pale, die. 

erblic^, adj. hereditary. 

crblirfcn, v. a. to perceive, see, view. 

Grbprinj, m. (-en; pi. -en) hereditary 

erbraufen, v. n. to begin or rise roar- 
ing (of a storm). 

(Srbgut, n. inheritance, heirloom, 
patrimonial estate. [dom. 

CSrbrelc^, n. hereditary realm or king- 

(£rbred)t, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) right of in- 

(£vbfe, /. {pi. -n) pea. [heritance. 

Srbjlutf, ?i. (-e$ ; _pZ. -e) heirloom. 

©rbfiinbe, /. {pi. -n) original sin. 

©rbbetco^ncr, m. (-^) terrestrial in- 
habitant, [upon earth. 

©rbe, /. {pi. -n) earth ; auf Grben, 

crben, adj. earthen, earthly. 

©rbcnfreube, /. earthly joy, terres- 
trial joy. 

©rbenteben, n. terrestrial life. 

©rtenlufi, /. vanity of this world. 

(Srbenftnn, m. worldly mind. 

Srbcnfo^n, m. son of earth, mortal. 

crbgeborcn^ adj. earth-born, [gnome. 

Grbgciff/ m. spirit of the earth, 

(Srbenfrau, /. earthly woman. [ly 

erblg, adj. consisting of earth, earth- 

(Srbfitgel, /. {pi. -n) terrestrial globei 

erbringen, ■». a. to get by force. 

erbrucEen, v. a. to choke, stije. 

erbulben> v. a. to endure, suffer, tol- 
erate, [speed. 

ereilcn, v. a. to overtake, gain by 

ererben, -». a. ir. to inherit. 

erfabren, v. a. ir. to perceive, ex- 
perience, learn, gain by informa- 
tion ; — , adj. experienced, ex- 
pert, skilful. 

Srfa'^rung, /. {pi. -en) experience, 
practice, knowledge. 

crfaffen, v. a. to lay hold (of), seize. 

erfed)ten, -y. a. ir. to obtain by fight- 
ing, gain. [vent. 

erfinbenf v. a. ir. to find, find out, in- 

©rftnbmtg, /. {pi. -en) invention, con- 

erjleben, v. a. to obtain by entreaty. 

Srfolg, m. (-e<3 ; j)l- ~0 consequence, 
result, success. [require. 

crforbern* x. a. to demand, call for, 

crforfc^cn, v. a. to search into, ex^ 
plore, investigate. 

erfrecfienf v. r. to dare, presume. 

erfvcuen, v. a. to joy, rejoice, glad, 
den ; — , v. r. to rejoice, enjoy. 

erfrcultc^, adj. joyful, gratifying. 

crfrifd)en/ v. a. to freshen, cool, re- 

erfiillen, v. a. to fill, fulfil, perform, 
replenish, satisfy, realize. 

©rfiiKung, /. {pi. -en) fulfilment, ac- 

erganjen, u a. to supply, repair. 

ergeben» v. r. to surrender, submit to ; 
— , V, n. to be productive, yield ; 
— , part. & adj. devoted, attached. 



(Srgcbcn^eit, / devotion, attachment. 

crgc^eit; v. a. ir. to obtain by walk- 
ing ; — t v. r. to walk ; — , v. n. 
to be made known, befall ; — 
laffen, to promulgate, publish. 

crael^en, i\ a. to get by avarice. 

er^icpen, v. a. ir. to pour out ; — , v. r. 
to overflow, flow into. 

SrgicHun^i, /. (pi. -en) out[X)uring, ef- 
fusion, overflowing. 

erglan^en, v. a. to brighten : — , v. n. 
to shine forth, light up. 

ergc^cn, v. a. to entertain, amuse, 

crgrcifcn, n. to seize, apprehend, 
make use of; touch, move. 

crgrimmcn, v. n. to get angry or 
furious. [lime, exalted, noble. 

er^aben, part, raised, elevated, sub- 

Sr^aben^cit, /. elevation, altitude, 

er^alten, v. a. ir. to hold up, get, 
obtain, receive; preserve, main- 
tain, keep. 

Si1)altuni^, /. preservation, support. 

er^eben, v. a. ir. to heave up, lift up 
raise, elevate, extol ; — , v. r. to 
rise, arise. 

er^eitern, v. a. to cheer, brighten, 
— , V. r. clear up. 

er^ellen, v. a. to brighten, illumi- 
nate ; — , V. n. to become clear, 
appear, to be evident. 

er^if en, v. a. to heat ; — , v. r. to be 
heated, over-heat, to be inflamed, 
to get excited, angry, 

cr^ij^en, «. a. to heighten, lift up, 
elevate, exalt, increase. 

er^olcn, «. r. to recover, to recover 
one's breath or one's health ; fid) 
9iat^ — , to apply for advice. 

er^orcn, n. a. to hoar, to grant. 

erinnern, «. a. to remind ; — , v. r. 
to remember. 

Srinneruittv/. (p/.- en) remembrance, 
admonition, memory. 

erjagen, v. a. to capture, overtake a 
thing chased for. 

erfampfcn, v. a. to gain in conflict, 
obtain by exertion. 

crfenncn/ v. a. ir. to perceive, appre- 
hend, recognize, acknowledge, 
know ; fid) ju — geben, to make 
one's self known. 

erfloiren, v. a. to explain, expound, 
declare, account for. 

Srflarung, /. {pi. -en) explanation, 
interpretation, declaration. 

erforen, adj. & part, selected, chosen, 
elected. [taken ill. 

erfranfcn, n. n. to fall sick, to be 

erfiiljnen, v.r. to make bold, venture. 

erfunbtgen, v. a. to explore ; — , v. r. 
to inquire, make inquiry, [tain. 

criangen, v. a. to reach, acquire, ob- 

erlaffen, v. a. ir. to issue, release, ex- 
empt from, remit. 

eriauben, v. a. to permit, allow. 

Srlaubni^, /. permission, leave, al- 
lowance, license. 

erlauc!^t, adj. illustrious. 

ertaucrn, v. a. to lurk out, obtain by 
secret watching. 

criebcn, v. a. to live to see, experience. 

criegcn, v. a. to pay down, slay, kill. 

erleid)tern, v. a. to facilitate, ease. 

crleibcn, v. a. ir. to suffer, endure. 

evierncn, v. a. to obtain by learning, 

erleud)tcn, v. a. to illumine, illumi- 
nate, light up. [illumination. 

Srleud}tung, /. {pi. -en) enlightening, 



criiegen; v. n. ir. to succumb. 

eiUileu, V. a. to obtain by artifice. 

(SrUoui^, ©rlenfiiuig, m. Erlking. 

erlogen, part. & adj. invented by 
lying, false. 

cr(ofd}en, v. n. ir. to become effaced 
07' oblit(^rated ; — , v. a. to extin- 

erlijfcn, v. a. to redeem, deliver. 

©riofer, m. (~^) redeemer, deliverer. 

©rlofung^ /. (^?. -en) redemption, sal- 
vation, delivery, rescue. 

ermad)ti3en, v. r. to seize upon, usurp. 

erma^ncn, v. a. to admonish, exhort. 

©rma^nung, /. {2'>l. -en) admonition, 

crmangein, v. n. to be wanting, fail. 

©rmangelung; /. vrant, default. 

erntannen, v. r. to take courage, rouse 
one's self. 

ermatten, v. a. to weary, harass ; — , 
«. n. to faint, become weak. 

©rmattung, /. {pi. -en) lassitude, 

Grmel, m. (-5) sleeve. 

ermorben, ■». a. to murder, assassinate. 

©rmorbung, /. {pi. -en) murder, mur- 

ermiiben, «. a. to tire, fatigue ; — , 
' V. n. to become tired, [courage. 

crmuntern, v. a. to awake, incite, en- 

crneuen, erneuern, v. a. to renew, ren- 
ovate, [humiliate, degrade. 

crniebrigenf •y. a. to lower, humble, 

Grnicbrigung, /. {pi. -en) humbling, 
humiliation. [seriousness. 

©rn|l, m. (-e^) earnest, earnestness ; 
-|aft, adj. serious, grave ; -lid), 
adj. & adv. earne8t(ly), serious- 
(ly), 8trenuous(ly). 

Srnte, /. {pi. -n) harvest, crop ; 

-iDCtter, n. {-^) good harvest 

ernten, v. a. to reap, harvest. 

croberttf v. a. to conquer, overcome. 

(SrcK'rung, /. {pi. -en) conquest. 

eriiffnen, v. a. to open, disclose, dia 
cover. [exact. 

er^reffen, v. a. to press out of, extort, 

erquicfen, v. a. to recreate, refresh, 
comfort. [relief. 

Srquicfung, /. {pi. -en) refreshment, 

erraffcn, v. a. to snatch, gain by great 

erratt)en, v. a. to guess, find out. 

erregen, v. a. to stir, move, excite. 

©rrepng, /. exaltation, agitation. 

erreid}cn, v. a. to rejlch, attain, ar. 
rive at. 

©rreid)un9, /, reaching, arriving at. 

errettcn/ v. a. to save, preserve, de- 
liver, [liverer. 

©rretter, m. (-^) savior, preserver, de- 

©rrettung, /. saving, salvation, de- 

errid)ten, v. a. to erect, establish. 

errot^en, v. n. to blush, redden. 

Grfa^, m. {-^ ; pi. -fa^e) compensa. 

erfd)affen, i\ a. ir. to create. 

(£rfd)v\iTung, /. creation, creating. 

erfc^allen, t\ n. ir. to resound. 

erf^auen, v. a. to ses, perceive. 

erfd)e{nen, v. n. ir. to appear, be- 
come manifest. [apparition. 

Srfi^einung, /. {pi. -en) appearance, 

erfi^ie^en, v. a. ir. to shoot, kill by 
shooting. [guish, flag. 

erfc^lafen, v. a. & n. to relax, lan- 

erfc^lagen, v. a. ir. to slay, slaughter. 

erfc^ijpfertr v. a. to exhaust, empty. 

erfdjrecfen, v. a. to terrify, frighten ; 



— , V. n. ir. to be startled, terrified, 

or frightened. [terrified. 

eTfd)rocfen» part. & ndj. fri<,^lit(!ned, 
cr|\l)rccIU(!^, adj. terrific, terrible. 
evfd)iittenu ». a. to sliuke vehomonLly, 

effect strongly ; — , u ii. to sbake, 

quake. [strong enioticju. 

Grfc^iittcvun^, /. {pi. -en) concussion, 
Cr[d}rocIIen, v. n. ir. to swell, to be 

inflated. [gravate. 

crf^ivcrcur v. a. to render difficult, ag- 
erfct-en, -u. a. to replace, compensate, 
€rjid)tlid), adj. evident, [reimburse, 
crftnfen, see fmfcn* [thinking, invent, 
erftnnen, v. a. ir. to produce by 
crftnnlid)f adj. imaginable. 
Crjl, adj. first, prime, head ; — , adv. 

first, at first, only, 
erfiauben^ part. & adj. risen. 
erjlarrcn, v. n. to freeze to death, to 

be benumbed, become torpid. 
Crjlarrung, /. {pi. -en) torpidity, stiflf- 

crflattcn, v. a, to replace, compensate, 
render. [com])ensation. 

Grftattungf /. {pi. -en) restitution, 

(£rflaunenf ra. {-i) astonishment, 
amazement ; — , v. n. to be aston- 
ished, amazed or surprised. 

erflaunen^wiirbiQ, adj. wonderful, 
marvelous. [ing. 

erjlaunlirf>» adj. astonishing, surpris- 

crftetien, v. n. ir. to rise, arise ; — , 
xi. a. to buy at auction. 

erfleigcn, v. a. ir. to climb, mount. 

crjlcdmab adv. first time. 

erflensJ; adv. firstly. 

erjlerben, v. n. to die slowly, expire. 

crjlicfcn^ "C. a, k n. to suflbcate ; — , 
D. n. to bo choked, die of suffoca- 

erOIic^, adt. first, firstly. [tion. 

Srfllini^, m. firstling, 
crflreitcn, v. a. ir. to obtain by fight- 
ing or contention, 
erfliirmen, v. a. to take by assault. 
erfud)en, v. a. to ask, entreat, request, 
crt^eilen, v. a. to impart, give, confer, 

bestow ; eincn Stuftrag — , to charge, 

give an order. 
(Srt^ctlung, /. conferring, giving. 
ertcncn, v. n. to resound. 
(Srtrag, m. (-e5 ; pi. -tragc) produce, 

revenue, income. [erate. 

crtragettf ti. a. ir. to bear, suflPer, tol- 
ertrcigli^f adj. supportable, tolerable, 
crtranfen, v. a. to drown. 
crtrinfen> v. n. ir. to bo drowning, 

crtroi^cn, v. a. to obtain by insolence. 
crn?ad}en, 'O. n. to awaken. 
erix>ad)fcn; v. n. ir. to grow, grow up, 

increase. [pound. 

crjr»ai;(cn, v. a. to weigh, consider, cx- 
crnjalilcn* v. a. to clioose, select, elect. 
(inmUUunOf /. choosing, election; 

destination (page 89). 
cnual^ucn, v. a. to mention. 
(£ra>al)nun9, /. {-pi. -en) mention. 
ciwartcn, v. a. to expect, wait or 

look for. 
Srwartungf/. {pi. -en) expectation. 
enrecEen, v. a. to awake, resuscitate, 

animate, cause. 
erlDe^ven, v. a. to prohibit ; — , v. r- 

to guard one's self from. 
cvir>eid)en, 'g. a. to soften, mollify. 
Srwei«J, m. (-fc^; j)l. -fc) proof. 
cnveifcn, v. a. ir. to prove, perform •, 

einc GJunft — , ^o do a favor. 
cnveiclld), adj. demonstrable, provo- 

able. [largo, 

cnveitern; v. a., to widi'u, extend, en- 



Srmcrl>/ m. (-cc) acquisition, earn- 
ings, [tain, acquire. 

Citt)eri)en, "c. a. ir. to gain, earn, ob- 

cr»teber:t, v. a. to reiterate, reply 

ern.nfd)cn, v. a. to catcli, surprise. 

enriucl)crn, -y. a. to acquire by usury. 

emiinfc^en, v. a. to wish for, desire. 

ertr»urgen, v. a. to strangle, throttle, 
kill, murder, 

Srj, n. (-0(3) ore, brass, bronze. 

erjctblcn, v. a. to relate, narrate. 

Srjd^Iung, /. {^jI. -en) narration, re- 
lation, [bishop. 

(SrjBifc^pf, m. {-ti ; pi. -fdjofe) arcli- 

crjeigen, v. a. to do, show, prove. 

erjeugcn, v. a. to beget, generate, pro- 
create, [tion, produce. 

Srjcugni^, n. (-ffei? ; pi. -ffe) produc- 

Srjf)erjog, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) archduke. 

erjie^ett/ 'o. a. to bring up, educate. 

©rjte^ung, /. education, rearing. 

©rjie^ung^anflalt, /. {pi. -en) institu- 
tion for education. 

er'^ittern, v. n. to tremble violently. 

crjijrnen, v. a. to Irritate, provoke, 
anger ; — , v. r. to grow angry. 

(Sr^^ater, m. {-& ; pi. -»dter) patriarch. 

crjttjingen, d. a. ir. to force, extort. 

(g^cabron, /. (pl.-^or -en) squadron 
(body of cavalry). 

S|'4)e^/. (i>?. -n) ash (a tree); gray 

(gfel, m. (-a) ass. [ling (a fish). 

Sfprit, m. wit, whim, intellect. 

©iTen, n. (-^) food, meat, repast ; — , 
V. a. & n. ir. to eat ; ju Wittag, — , 
to dine ; lu 5lknb — , to sup. 

SlTenj, /. (pi. -en) essence. 

epluft, /. appetite. 

Sflrtc^, m. (-eg ; p^. -c) plaster floor. 

etrurifd), etru^fif^, adj. Etruscan. I 

ettx>a, ettt)an, adv. perhaps, nearly, 

ttvoa^f pj'oro. some( thing), any(thing), 

euer, pron. your, yours. 

citer^' or euret^^alben, -wegen, -triHen, 
pron. on your account, for your 

Su(e, /. {pi. -n) owl. [sake. 

Sumcniben, pi. /., the Greek god- 
desses of discord, hencs discord. 

curige (bcr, bie, ba^), prt>7i. your, yours. 

«£urDpa, Europe. 

e»angelifc^, adj. evangelical. 

©ijangelium, n. (-a ; ^?^. -lien) gospel. 

en?ig> adj. eternal, everlasting, im- 
mutable ; — , adv. ever, for ever, 

Swigfeit, /. {pi. -en) eternity. 

excentrtfc^, adj. eccentric. 

Srempel, n. {-i) example ; junt — , 
for example, for instance. 

Sxijlenj, /. ( p?. -en) existence. 

^aM, f. {pi. -n) fable; -^aft, adj. 

%ad), n. (-e5; pi. ^^ctc^er) compart- 
ment, department, drawer, busi- 
ness, profession. 

^^dc^er; m. (-^) fan. 

fdc^eln, 'V. a. & r. to fan, 

fd(^ern, see fdc^eln. 

^5a(feI, /. {pi. -n) torch, flambeau. 

^5aben, m. {-^ ; pi. ^^dben) thread, 

fd^ig, adj. capable, able, fit. 

^dt)igfctt, /. (j9?,-cn) capableness, fit- 
ness, ability, 

^^a^ne, /, {pi. -n) flag, standard, 
banner, ensign, colors. 



Ola^nlein, n. (-«) company, squadron. 

^a^ncntragcr, m. standard-bearer, en 

%Q^xt,f, {pi. -n) ferry, ferry-boat. 

fa^rcn# v. n. ir. to go, drive, rush, 
go in a carriage or sliip, sail ; — , 
D. a. to carry, drive ; fabrc ^t:t^ 
farewell ; mit bcr ^anb in tie Za\(i)( 
— , to thrust one's hand in the 
pocket. [track. 

%ai)xtt f. {pi. -en) motion, passage, 

falb, adj. fallow, gray, pale, yellow 
or golden. 

%qXU, m. (-n; pi. -n) falcon, hawk. 

%aVi, m. (-eg; pi. %dUt) fall, case, 
event, accident ; in bcm italic, in 
that case ; ju %a\lt fomntcn, to fall ; 
id^ fe^e ben — , I put the case. 

gaUc, /. {pi. -n) trap, valve. 

fatten, v. n. ir. to fall, drop ; befc^wer^ 
lic^ — , to be troublesome ; in 
Dl^nmad^t — , to faint. 

fatten, v. a. to fell, cut down, ruin ; 
pass (a sentence). [money, &c.) 

falfd^, adj. false, counterfeit, bad, (of 

falfc^cn/ v. a. to falsify, adulterate. 

Salfc^l^eit, /. falsehood, falsity, false- 

fdlf^Iic^, adj. flalse, deceitful, [ness. 

galte, /. {pi. -n) fold, plait, pleat ; 

falten, fallen, v. a. to fold, plaid, pleat. 

faltig, adj. full of folds, ample. 

Samilte, /. {pi. -n) family. 

gamulu^, m. {pi. famuli) amanuen- 
sis, assistant 

Sanati^mug, in. fanaticism. 

gantom, n. {-ii ; pi. -e) phantom, 

gangetfen, n. (-a) hunting-spear. 

fangen, v. a. ir. to catch, seize, cap- 
tivate, capture. 

^antaftc, /. {pi. -u) imagination, 

fantajlifc^, adj. fantastical. [fancy. 

garbe, /. {pi. -n) color, hue, dye, 
complexion, paint. 

farben, o. a. to color, dye. [tub. 

5a§, n. (-ITeg; ^^. ^dJTer) barrel, cask, 

faffen, v. a. to contain, comprehend, 
lay hold of, seize, take ; Wl\xi^ — , 
to take courage ; fic^ furj — , to 
make a long story short ; — , v. r. 
to collect one's self. 

i^affung, /. setting, enchasing ; recol- 
lection ; countenance ; composure. 

fafl, adv. almost, nearly. 

^•ajlen, n. days of fasting ; -prcbigt, 
/. {pi. -en) fast-day sermon ; — , 
V. n. to fast. [ill fated. 

fatal, adj. disagreeable, unpleasant, 

faul, adj. putrid, foul, idle, sleepy, 
lazy, indolent. 

^aufl, /. {pi. ^-dufle) fist, hand,- 
-banbfc^u^, m. (-eg; pi. -e) glove, 
mitten ; \u^ ^duflc^en lad^cn, to 
laugh in one's sleeve. 

fed)ten, v. n. ir to fight, fence. 

^edjter, m. {-i) swordsman, fencer, 
warrior. [action. 

^cc^tplatv m. fencing-room, scene of 

gebcr, /. {pl.-Vi) feather, quill, pen, 
plume, spring ; -fleib, n. winged 
or feathered dress. 

fegen, v. a. to clean, sweep, purify. 

fct>Ien, V. a. to err, miss, commit a 
fault, miscarry, lack, fail, be ab- 

Sebler, m. (-g) fault, defect, mistake 
error, blunder ; -frei, adj. fault 
less. [fault 

^e^Uritt, m. {-ti ; pi. -c) false step 

Seier, /. celebration, festival, ob 
servation of a holiday ; -abenb, m 



(-C3 ; pi. -c) cessation of work, eve- 
ning time ; -abcnb mad)en, to cease 
working ; -flang, m. festive tone, 
solemn tone or peal; -Ii(^, adj. 
festive, solemn , — , adv. solemn- 
ly, festively ; -lic^feit, /. {pi. -en) 
solemnity, festivity ; -flunbe, /. 
{pi. -n) liour of rest ; -tag, m. 
(_eg 5 pi. -e) holiday, festive day. 

feiern, v. n. to rest from labor ; — , 
r. a. to solemnize, celebrate. 

%t\\i\, m. & f. {pi. -n) fives. 

fcig, adj. soft, effeminate, timid, 

geige, /. {pi. -n) fig ; blow, box. 

%i\<^<dX, f. timidity, cowardice. 

feil, adj. venal, on sale, prostitute ; 

— fcieten, to offer for sale. 

fein, adj. fine, neat, elegant, refined, 
sly, artful, softly, subtle, critical. 

Seinb, m. (-C(3; pi. -z) enemy, fiend ; 
— , adj. hostile, inimical ; einem 

— fein, to hate a person ; -e^blut, n. 
enemy's blood ; -es^^elm, m. ene- 
my's helmet ; -eiSlager, -cojelt, n. 
enemy's camp ; -eiStru^pen, /. ene- 
my's troops ; -in,/. ( pi. -nen) female 
enemy ; -\i6), adj. inimical, hos- 
tile ; -lic^feit, /. {pi. -en) enmity, 
hostility ; -fc^aft, /. {pi -en) en- 
mity, hostility ; -feltg, adj. hostile, 

§elb, n. (-e<3; pi. -er) field, plain, 
panel, square (of a chess-board), 
department of science ; ju ^elbe 
Ixi^iXi, to take the field ; -^err, m. 
(-n; pi. -en) commander-in-chief, 
general ; -ruf, in. (-y) war cry. 

gcff, n. {-zi ; pi. -e) skin, hide, fell. 

6el^(en) m. {-^) rock (Gr. p. 46, in.) : 
-fefl, adj. firm as a rock ; -gebirge, 

n. a chain of rocky mountains ; 

-nefl, n. nest ; — , fig. strong castle 
on a rock ; -serliep, n. (-g; pi. -e) 
a rocky dungeon ; strong castl6 
on the rocks ; -njanb,/. ( pi. -wanbe) 
steep side of a rock ; -weg, m. 

felfic^t, adj. rocky. [rocky path. 

felfig, adj. fonned of rocks, contain- 
ing rocks, rocky. 

^enl^er, n. {-^ ; pi. -n) window, aper- 
ture ; -fliigel, m. (-$) window. 

^erme {French from Lat. firma) 
farm, tenement, dairy. 

fern, adj. far, distant, remote. 

^^erne, /. {pi. -n) remoteness, dis- 
tance ; in bie — , to a distance ; in 
ber — , at a distance, afar off. 

ferner, adj. & adv. farther. 

^erngkiS, n. (-fe^ ; pi. -glafer) ; -ro^r, 
n. {-z^ ; pi. -ro'^re) telescope, spy- 
glass, [tive. 

t^ernfc^einle'^re, /. science of perspec- 

^erfe, /. {pi. -n) heel. 

fertig, adj. ready, done, prepared, 
quick, finished ; — fetn, to be 
ready, to have finished, [finish. 

fertigen, v. a. to make, manufacture, 

i^errara, Ferrara (a province in 
Italy, formerly a duchy, with a 
capital of like name). 

%z^fzl, f. {pi. -n) fetter, band, chain. 

feffetto^, adj. freed from fetters, un- 

feffeln, v. a. to fetter, shackle. 

fefl, adj. & adv. fast, strong, firm, 
solid, fortified, durable, profound 
(ly) ; fallen, v. a. ir. to hold fast ; 
-ma(i)en, v. a. to fix, fasten; -fe^en, v. 
a. to fix, settle, determine ; -|lc^en, 
V. n. ir. to be settled, determined; 
-f(^Iie§en, v.a. ir. to lock up closely. 



gcfl, n. {-ii ; pi. -c) feast, festival ; 
-gewanb, n. (-cd ; pi. -wcinbcr) festi- 
val dress ; -glanj, m. holiday ar- 
ray ; -fleib; n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) festive 
garment ; -laitb, (-€« ; pi. -lanbcr) 
continent ; -lic^, adj. solemn, fest- 
ive ; -Uc^feit, /. {pi. -en) festivity, 
festive appearance ; -prebigt, /. 
holiday's sermon. 

Sefie, /. {pi. -x() firmness, strength, 
fortress, firmament. [stancy. 

gejligfett, /. firmness, Bolidity, con- 

gejlon» n. {-i) festoon, garland. 

Sett, n. (-e^) fat, grease ; — , adj. fat, 
greasy, corpulent. 

feud^ten, v. a. to moisten. 

Seuer, n. {-i) fire ; — , ardor, spirit, 
liveliness, brightness ; -augen, 
eyes of fire ; -branb, m^ (-e^ ; 
pi. -branbeO fire-brand; -braun,«(?/. 
fire-colored ; -cffe, /. {pi. -n) chim- 
ney of a furnace, forge ; -pfeil, in. 
fiery dart (to set houses on fire) ; 
-faule,/. fire-sprout, fire-column; 
-feele, / fiery soul, ardor, enthu- 
siasm ; -flrom, m. stream of fire ; 
-toagen, m. fiery chariot (thimder 
and lightning); -junber, w. tinder, 
touch- wood. 

feurig, adj. fiery, ardent. 

%\M, f. {pi. -n) ABC book, primer. 

Si^tenjlamm, m. (-e^; pi. -^ammc) 
pine tree. 

Sicbcr, 71. {-§) fever; Merged — , 
inflammatory fever ; fa(tc(3 — , 
ague ; -vUtig, -kft, adj. feverish. 

§lebler, m. (-5) fiddler. 

Sigur, /. (2)1. -en) figure. 

Sinanjen, /. finances. 

ginan^wefen, n. (-^) finance affiiirs. 

finben, v. a. ir. to find, meet with, in- 

vent ; jlatt — , to take place ; jiatt — 

laffen, to suffer to take place ; {\6) 

in etwasS — , to put up with a 

thing, to bear. 
Singer, m. (-a) finger ; -jeig, m. (-c^j 

pi. -e) hint. 
Sinfe, 711. (-n; pi. -n) finch. 
Sinne, f.{pl. -n) pimple, fin, measles 

(of pigs) [morose, 

ftnfler, adj. dark, obscure, gloomy, 
Sinllernlp, /. darkness, obscurity, 
firmament n. (-eiJ; pl.-z) sky, firma- 
%\^^, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) fish. [ment. 
St|"d)er, m. (-a) fisherman, fisher; 

"fa^n, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fci^ne) fishing. 

Sitticfi, {-ii ; pi. -e) wing, pinion, 
fiyiren, v. a. to fix, settle, look fixedly. 
Sixjlcrn, m. (-e^; pi. -e) fix-star. 
flac^, adj. flat, plain, level. 
Slac^e, /. {pl--\\) flat, plain, surface, 
flacfernf i). n. to flare, blaze. 
Slamme, f.{pl.-ix) flame, enthusiasm. 
flammen, v. n. to flame ; —,v. a. to 

burn with a flame, to singe. 
SIiin!menfd)rift, /. indelible letters or 

characters, a writing in burning 

SIaf(^rf)en, ri. {dimin. of SIflfd)e) phial, 
SIafd)e, f.{pl. -n) flask, flagon, bottle. 
flatterig, adj. unsteady, flighty, 
flattern, v. a. to flatter, flutter, flirt, 
flec^ten, -». a. ir. to twist, braid, 

plait, weave, interweave. 
Slcrf(en), m. {-i>) place, six>t, stain ; 

— , V. a. to spot, patch ; — , v. n 

to stain. [entreat, 

fle^en, v. a. to implore, supplicate, 
Sleifd), n. {-ti) flesh, meat. 
Sleip, m. (-e^) diligence, application, 

industry ; mit — . intentionally. 



flei§t9f adj. diligent, industrious, as- 
siduous ; — , adv. frequently 

fitegen, «. n. ir. to fly. 

Piel^eitf v. n. ir. to flee, fly, run away ; 
— , V. a. to flee, avoid, 

[Itepen, v. n. ir. to flow, run, blot. 

flimmern^ v. n. to glisten, glitter. 

gUnte, /. {pi. -n) gun, musket. 

flij^en, V. a. to flea. 

%\ox, m. (-e^) bloom, blossom, bed 
of flowers, gauze. [flourish. 

fIo^feln» v. n. to use flowery language, 

gloi, n. (-ffe«; pi. ^loffe) float, raft. 

flopeit; V. a. to float, jwur in, rinse in. 

%Voli, f. {pi. -n) flute. 

Slotcn"blafer, -fjjtcler, m. (-^) flutist. 

glottCr /. {pi. -n) fleet., [malediction. 

gluc^, m. (-e^; p^. ^liic^e) curse, 

fluc^en, V. a. curse, execrate. 

giud^t, /. flight, escape, range. 

pd)ten, v. n. & r. to fly, escape ; — , 
V. a. to assist in flight, save by 

^ii^tig, adj. flying, fugitive, volatile. 

glud^tling/ m. (-^; pi. -e) fugitive, 
refugee. [ing, flock (of birds) 

glug, m. (-e0; pi. gliige) flight, fly 

Slugel, m. (-^) wing, grand piano- 
forte, one side of folding- doors or 
double window ; -fkib, ti. winged 

Slur, /. {pi -en) field, plain, floor. 

%l\x% m. (-e^ ; pi. %\\x\\i) flow, river, 
flux, catarrh ; im — fetn, v. imp. 
to be in a flowing, melting con- 
dition ; -hjetten,/. waves, billows- 

fltifjtgf adj. fluid, liquid ; pliable. 

Piiflern, v. a. & n. to whisper. 

glut^, /. {pi. -en) flood, deluge, 
flood-tide, stream ; -firom, m. (-e^j 
pi. -jlrome) torrent. 

flut^en, V. n. to rise, flow, to be at 
high water. 

^olge, /. {pi. -n) succession, conse 
quence, continuation, conclusion, 
future time ; JU — , in conse- 
quence of. [to keep up with. 

folgen, v. n. to follow, succeed, obey ; 

folgenb, part. & adj. following, con- 
sequent, [quence or results. 

folgenreic^, adj. of im[X)rtant conse- 

folglii^, adj. subsequent, consequent ; 
— , adv. consequently. [dient. 

folgfantf adj. willing to follow, obe- 

forbern^ v demand, desire, ask 
for, call for; »or Qicrti^t — , to 
summon before a court, cite. 

^^orberung, /. ( pi. -en) demand, claim. 

^orm, /. {pi. -en) form, figure, mould. 

formen; v. a. to form, mould. 

formiren/ v. a. to form. 

formltc^, adj. formal, well-shaped. 

gDrfd)begierbe> /. inquisitiveness. 

forfc^en, v. n. to search, inquire. 

gorfd)er, m. {-^) searcher, inquirer. 

^orfc^ung, /. {pi. -en) inquiry, inves- 

^orfl, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) forest, wood. 

%ni, n. (-eS ; pi -e) fort, castle ; — t 
adv. forth, forward, on ; -an, adv. 
henceforth, farther ; -Bauen, v. a. 
to continue to build ; -bauer, /. 
continuance ; -eilcn, v. n. to hasten 
away ; -fa^ren, v. n. ir. to drive 
off" or away ; continue ; — , v. a. to 
carry away, on, or in a carriage; 
-gang, m. progression, success; 
going away ; -ge^^cn^ v. n. ir. to 
go away, go forward, proceed ; 
-^in, adv. henceforth, in future ; 
-laufen, v. n. ir. to run, run away ; 
-leben/ v. a. to continue to live ; 



-ma(i)en, v. n. to make haste ; — , 
V. r. to get away, go off; -rcipcn, 
V. a. ir. to tear away ; -roffen, v. a. 
& n. to roll off, roll on, roll away ; 
-fc^reitungf /. progress, proceeding ; 
-fc^ritt, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) continuance, 
progress ; -fe^uug, / ( pi. -en) con- 
tinuation ; -^Q^tn, V. a. ir. to push 
or thrust forward or away ; -ixtx" 
fcen, '0. a. ir. to drive away, drive 
along ; -wad^fen^'W. n ir. to continue 
to grow; -ipcil^renb, adj. continual, 
continued ; -jug, m. ; -jie^en, n. 
moving onwards, migration. 

Sragc, /. ( pi. -n) question, interro- 
gation ; einc — t^un, to propose a 

fragen, ta. a. to ask, demand, ques- 
tion ; — , ID. n. to care for, mind. 

fragment, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) fragment. 

Sranci^fancr, m. (-^) Franciscan friar. 

%xantxti6), n. (-^) France. 

franjoflfd^r adj. French. 

%xOi^, m. (-ed) food, prey, glutton ; 
immoderate eater. [cature. 

i^ra^e, /. ^pl. -n) silly person, cari- 

gra^cnbilb, n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) caricature. 

Srau, /. (p^.-en) woman, wife, lady, 
madam, mistress. 

grauenfd)icf fal, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) fate or 
destiny of woman, 

Sraulein, n. {$) female, young lady, 
miss, my lady, [pudent, strong. 

frect), adj. insolent, rash, bold, im- 

fxti, adj. free, frank, independent, 
open, vacant ; — Ijaltcn, to defray ; 
— laffen, to release ; — flcUcn, to 
leave at liberty ; -geboren, adj. free- 
born ; -geijl, m. (-e^; pi. -cr) free 
thinker; -geiflereir /. free think- 
ing ; -geijlerifd^; adj. free thinking. 

in the manner of free thinking ; 
-gut, m. (-^ ; pi. -guter) freehold, 
possession, allodium ; -!)ett, /. ( 2^1- 
-en) freedom, liberty, immunit}- ; 
-ma(f)en, v. a to frank, delivc"-, 
free , -miittiigfett, /. {pi. -en) fnink- 
ness, candor, liberality , -fprcitc , 
n. liberation, setting free. 

frcien, v. a. & n. to court, woo, marry. 

i^relcr, m. (-$) %xtkxMann, m. (-c0; 
pi. -manner) wooer, suitor. 

greitieitabrieff m. {-ti\ pi. -en) char- 
ter, patent, privilege. 

i^ref^eit^fricg, m. (-e^; pi. -e) war 
of independence. 

^rei^eit(3Uebe, /. love of liberty. 

i^rei^eit^mann, m. (-e^ ; pi. -manner) 

freilirf), adv. indeed, certainly. 

fremb, adj. strange, foreign, alien. 

t^rembc, /. foreign country, abroad. 

ftembgeborcn, adj. foreign. 

trembling, m. (-^ ; pi. -e) stranger. 

i^reffen, n. {-i) food, meal (for ani- 
mals ; — , V. a. ir. to eat (of beasts), 
devour, corrode ; ju — geben, to 
feed ; um jtd) — , to spread. 

^reube, /. {pi. -n) joy, joyfulness, 
pleasure, delight. 

freubcn»ott, adj. full of joy, joyful. 

^rcubenbcc^er, m. (-^) cup of joy. 

greubenfe|l, m. (-c^; pi. -e) a public 
festivity, festival, jubilee. 

^rcubcnfcucr, n. {-i) lx)nfire, salute. 

frcubcnfatt, adj. full of joy. 

g^rcubcntag, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) day of joy. 

freubig, adj. joyful, joyous. 

freuen/ v. r. to rejoice, be glad ; '\\6) 
\)on ganjer <Seele — , to rejoice 

greunb, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) friend ; -\\^, 



adj. friendly, kind, affable, cheer- 
ful , -lid)fett, /. kindness, pleasing 
demeanor ; -in, f. {pi. -nen) female 
friend , -fc^aft, /. {pi. -en) friend- 
ship, relationship. 
t5reunbe«3^anb, /. friendly hand. 

^re»el, m. (-^) misdeed, crime, injury. 

freijein, v. n. to do wrong. 

i^resler, m. (-a) trespasser, evildoer ; 
-^anb, /. trespassing hand. 

^riebc, m. (-n) peace. 

lyriebeniSgcgenb, /. peaceful region. 

i^ricbentlcrer, m. (-^) disturber of the 
peace. [quiet. 

frieblit^, adj. peaceable, tranquil, 

i^rtebric^, m. Frederick. 

frtfc^, adj. fresh, new ; — unb fro^Uc^, 
of good cheer. [boar. 

?5rifd)ling, m. (-e<5 ; pi. -e) young wild 

%n% f. {pi. -en) space of time, res 
pite. [delay. 

friflen, v. a. to grant delay, respite, 

fro^, adj. joyful, rejoiced, glad. 

fr5^(ic|, adj. joyous, gay, jovial. 

^rij^lic^feit, /. gayety, gladness. 

fromm/ adj. pious, devout, good. 

frommen, v. n. to be of use, boot. 

i^rcjl, m. (-e^; pi. grofle) frost, cold- 
ness, [profit. 

^rud^t, /. {yl. ^ritc^te) fruit, corn; 

frud)tbar, adj. fruitful, fertile. 

friif), adj. & adv. early, in the morn- 
ing ; l^eute — , this morning. 

i^rii^Iing, m. (-^; pi. -e) spring. 

grufjling^feier, /. celebration of 

i^rul)Ungaprac^t, /. vernal splendor. 

^ru^ling^roctter, n. (-^) spring time. 

Srul}lW[f, n. {-i ; pi. -e) breakfast. 

frii^ftiicEen, v. n. to breakfast, [early. 

frii^jeitig, adj. forward, premature, 

%yx&)i, m. (-fe« ; pi. ^iic^fe) fox. 
fugen/ fugen, v. a. to join, mortise ; 
— , V. r. to comply, come to pass, 
happen, find one's self in certain 

fubten, -y. a. to feel, touch. 

fii^ren, v. a. to carry, lead, guide, 
manage ; .Krieg — / to wage war , 
baig SSort — , to be spokesman ; 
"^^^ <3c^K)ert — , to wield the 
sword. [guide. 

t^u^rer, m. (-^) leader, conductor. 

t^'u^rerin, /. {pi. -nen) conductress. 

gu^rmann, m. (-e<3 ; pi. -leute) driver, 
carter, wagoner, 

t^iitte, /. fullness, abundance. 

fuflen, T). a. to bottle, fill, stuff. 

i^unbament, n. {~i^\pl. -e) foundation. 

funbamental, adj. fundamental. 

fiinf, adj. five. 

fiinfte, adj. fifth. 

fiinfje^n, adj. fifteen. 

fiinfjig, adj fifty. 

%\xv&i, m. (-n^ ; pi. -n) spark, sparkle. 

funfclt, adj sparkling. 

funfeln, •«. n. to sparkle, glitter. 

fiir, prep, for ; — unb — , for ever 
and ever. 

furba§, adt. further. 

SurHtte, /. ( pi. -n) intercession ; etne 
— einlegen, to intercede. 

%m^\, f. fear, dread, fright ; in — 
fe^en, to terrify. [awful. 

furd)tbar, adj. formidable, terrible, 

i^urc^tMIb^ ^urc^tgefpcnfl, n. phantom. 

furd)ten, ■«. a. to fear ; — , v. r. to be 
afraid. [dreadful. 

fiirc^terltc^, adj. fearful, terrible, 

furd)tfam, adj. timid, timorous. 

i^urtc, /. {pl.-x() fury. 

fiirlieb, adj. satisfied, contented ; mit 



ctwad — ne^mcn, to be satisfied 
with a thing, to take pot luck 

guril, m. (-en; pi. -cu) prince, sov 
creign. [asite of a prince 

55urftcubiener, m {-i) servant or par- 

gurtlcuc^re, /. princely honor 

Siirilenfaal, m. prince's hall. 

Siir|lent^ron, m. king's throne. 

giirftentbum, n. (-c^; pi -tpmer) 

Sur|lin» / [pi. -nen) princess. 

furftlid), adj princely 

%\x^, m. (-e^; pi Siipc) foot, footing; 
ju }^u^t, on foot , -boben, m. (-<§ ; 
2)1. -boben) floor ; -breit, adj. foot 
breadth ; -fall, m (-e^ ; pi. -fdlle) 
prostration at the feet of persons , 
-ganger, in. (-^) pedestrian, walker , 
pi. infantry, foot-guards , -ilapfc, 
/. (-n ; pi. -n) footstep, trace , 
-tritt, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) kick, footstep ; 
-ijolf, 71. (-e^; pi. -»oIfer) foot sol- 
diers, infantry. 

?5utter, n. {-i) lining, food, feed (for 
animals), forage. 

gulteral, 7i. (-^ ; pi. -rdle) case, cov 
ering, sheath. 

®ak, /. (pi. -n) gift, devotion, 

present, talent, dose. 
®abel, /.{pi. -n) fork, tendril, 
gaffen, v. n. to stare at, gape at. 
gaffenb, part, gaping, yawning. 
®affer m. {-i) the looker-on, idle 

gd^rettf c. 11. ir. to ferment, 
gatant, adj. polite, well-bred, gallant. 
®alatea, /. Galatea. 
®(illc, /. gall, bile. 

gaUcn, v. n. to resound, tingle. 

®attopp, m. (-^) galop. 

galloppircn, v ii. to galop. 

©alia, / gall, bile, choler. 

®ang,m. {-zi ;pl. CS^dnge) going, walk, 
step, course, process, bout, gate, 
corridor, alley ; im ®ange fein, to be 
in vogue. 

&ani, f {pi. ®dnfe) goose, 

ganj, adj whole, entire, all, total ; 
— , adv quite, entirely, totally ; 
— unb gar nid)t, not at all. 

gdnjlid), adj whole, total, entire ; — , 
ado wholly, totally, entirely. 

gar, adj. prepared, ready, sufiicient- 
ly boiled, done ; — , adv quite, 
entirely, very , -ni^t, by no 
means, not at all. 

®arbc,/ ipl-n) sheaf. 

®arbinc, /. (pi. -n) curtain. 

garfttg, adj. dirty, nasty, ugly. 

®artcn, m. {-i ; pi. ©drten) garden ; 
-gcnjd^t?, n. greens, herbage. 

@drtnerburfd)e, m. gardener's boy. 

©alTc /. {2)1- -n) street 

©affen laufen, see 8pic§rut^e. 

©ajl, m. (-e^; pi. &a\it) guest, cus- 
tomer, stranger ; ju ®afie bitten, to 
invite to dinner (/?• supper ; -freunb, 
jn. (-Cc; pi -c) guest ; -frcunblut, 
adj. hospitable , -ma^I, ?i. (-e^ ; 
2^1. -mailer) banquet , -red)t, n (-e«? ; 
pi. -c) laws, right of hospitality. 

®utte, m. (-n; pi. -n) spouse, consort^ 
husband. [to pair, couple. 

gatten, i\ a to unite, sort ; — , i\ r 

®attin, / ( 2)1. -nen) spouse, consort, 

©attung, / ( 7>^. -en) kind, species. 

®aufcl, m. ridiculous gesture and 
attitude ; trick ; -Vilb, w. vision. 



phantasm; -|aft; adj. odd, jug- 
gling ; -funjl, «ge®aufelfptel; -fpieU 
n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) legerdemain, j ug- 
gling ; -fpieler, see ©autlcr. 

®aufler, m. (-^) buffoon, juggler. 

©eba^n, n. {-&) indicating the where- 
about of hunted animals. 

©ebciube, n. (-^) building, edifice. 

©ebein, n. {-t^'^pl -e) bones, remains. 

gebcn, v. a. ir. to give, yield , »on 
jic^ — , to give utterance, vomit, 
cast up ; — , V. imp. e^ gieSt, there 
is, there are ; toa^ giebt e^ ? what 
is the matter ? einem tie ^anh — , 
to reach or extend to a person 
one's hand ; —, v. r to stop, to 

©eberbe, /. ( pi. -n) gesture, [cease. 

geberben, v. r. to assume particular 
looks and gestures, demean one's 

®ekt, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) prayer, [self. 

gebeuen, see gebicten. [district. 

®ebiet, n. (-e*?; pl.-t) jurisdiction, 

gebteten, v. a. ir. to command, bid. 

©ebieter, m. (-3) commander, master. 

geMeterifi^, adj. domineering, im- 
perious, [parition. 

®eMIbe, n. (-^) image, vision, ap- 

©ebirgCf n. (-^ ;) chain or collection 
of mountains. [native. 

Qtboxixi, part. & adj. bom, by birth, 

geborflen, part. & adj. burst, split, 
cleft. [mandment, 

®ebot, n.{-t^ ; pi. -e) command, com 

©ebraud^, m. {-t^ ; p^. -brciud^c) use, 
usage, custom. 

gebrduc^Iicf), a<Z;. useful, customary. 

©ebrec^en, n. (-^) infirmity, want, de- 
ficiency, defect ; — , v. n ir. to be 
wanting, to fail. 

©ebriill, n. (-e^) roaring, [custom. 

©cbiifcr, /. (pi. -en) duty, due, fee, 

gcbul)ren, v n. & r. to be due, to be 
fit; ei3 gebu^rt [id^, v. r. it is 
proper. [parcel. 

©ebunt), n. (-e^; pL -bitnbe, bundle, 

®eburt, /. {pi. -en) birth, origin, ex- 

gebac^t, part. & fl^j, mentioned, 
stated, thought of, considered, 
weighed. [remembrance. 

©ebac^miti. n (-ffe^ ; pi. -ffe) memory, 

®ebank, m. (-n; p?. -n) thought, idea. 

gebanf enroll, adj. thoughtful, pensive. 

®ebeil§en, n. {-^) prosperity, success ; 
— , v. n. ir. to ripen, thrive, in- 
crease, prosper, succeed. 

gebenfen, v. a. ir. to think, remem- 
ber, intend. 

®ebtd)t, n. (-e^ ; pi. -c) poem, fiction. 

geboppclt, adj. doubled. [ure. 

©ebroingc, n. (-0) crowd, press, press- 

gebrcingt, par^. & adj. pressed to- 
gether, close. 

©ebulb, /. patience, endurance. 

gebulbig, adj. patient, indulgent. 

®efa^r, /. ( pi. -en) danger, peril. 

gefa^ren, v. a. to endanger. 

gefabrU(^» adj. dangerous, perilous. 

®efa^rte, m. (-n; pi. -n) companion, 

®efalle, n. dues, revenue, income. 

©efatten, m. pleasure, satisfaction, 
favor, service ; — , v. n. ir. to 
please; ftc^ — laffcn, to put up 
with, submit to. 

gcfciflig, adj. pleasing, agreeable, 
complaisant, kind. [plaisance 

©efaaigfeit, X iV^- ^") favor, com- 

gefangen, part. & adj. imprisoned, 
taken captive; -nc^men, to take 
prisoner. [prison. 

©efflinjnip, n. (-ffe^; pi. -ffe) ja;l. 



®cfap, n. (-c5 ; pi. -c) vessel, liandle, 
helve, hilt. [pared. 

gefa^t, part, collected, ready, pre- 

®efc(^t, n. (-c^ ; pi. -e) fight, battle. 

®eftcbcr, n. (-5) feathers, plamage. 

©eftlbe, n. (-^) fields, plain. 

gcfledft, adj. spotted. 

gctliigclt, part. & adj. winged. 

©efoliie, n. (-S) train, attendance, 
suite, retinue. 

Oefii^l, n. (-cd ; pi -e) feeling, touch, 
sense of feeling, emotion, sensar 
tion, sentiment, sensibility ; 
sense ; heart. [insensible. 

Qcfu^IIo^# adj. imfeeling, senseless, 

gegen, prep, towards, against, about, 
near to, compared with ; — cin^ 
anber, against one another, mu- 
tually, reciprocally. 

©egenb, /. {pi. -en) region, county, 
neighborhood. [service. 

©egenbientlr m. {-ti ; pi. -c) reciprocal 

gegenfaU^, adv. otherwise. 

gcgenfeitig, adv. reciprocal, mutual. 

©ecjettilanb, w. {-:i ; pi. -ftcinbe) object, 
subject. [push, counter-thrust. 

(SegenjloH, m. (-cd ; pi. -flbpe) counter- 

QtQtm'm, adv. over against, opposite. 

©egenwart, /. presence, [all-present. 

gegcnnjartig, adj. present, co-existent, 

@egenwct)r, /. defence, resistance, ox)- 

©egner, m. {-^) opponent, adversary. 

ge^arnifc^tf adj. in armor. 

ge^iiuft, part. & adj. heaped. 

ge^ciligt, part. & adj. hallowed, holy. 

ge^eim, adj. secret, clandestine, con- 
cealed, private; in-, secret(ly) 

®e^eimnip, n. (-ffe^; pi. -\ft) secret, 
mystery, anmnum. [Qy)- 

9c^:im:ui5v;>ll, adj. & adv. mysterioiis- 

i ge^en, v. a. ir. to go, walk, proceed, 
fare ; ju ©runbc — , to go to ruin ; 
»un ©tatten — / to proceed, suc- 
ceed ; tt)ie gc^t c^ 36nen ? how do 
you do ? 

ge^euer, adj. secure, not haunted. 

®c()eul, 11. (-e^ ; pi. -c) howling. 

®e^irn, n. {-i^ ; pi. -c) brain, brains. 

ge^lrnlo^, adj. brainless. 

®eI)otj, n. (-c^ ; pi. -e) wood, thicket. 

ge^or^en^ v. n. to obey. 

®c^or, n. (-cd) hearing ; — gekn, to 
give ear, listen to. 

gc^oren, n. n. to belong, appertain, 
(to), be fit or suitable. [ing. 

gc^orig, adj. due, proper, appertain- 

©e^orfant, m. (-^) obedience ; — 
Ictfien, to show obedience ; — , adj. 
obedient, obsequious. 

gcl^iittt, adj. covered. 

©eier, m. (-a) vulture. [spleen. 

®ctfcr, m. (-d) slaver, spittle, anger, 

®'^^f» /• (P^- -tt) violin, fiddle. 

®elfel, see ©ciijel. 

®ci§el, m. (-«; pi. -n) hostage; — , 
/. {pi. -n) whip, lash. 

®eit!f m. (-e^ ; pi. -er) mind. 

®el|lerknner, m. (-<?) exorcist. 

®eitlerfitae, /. spirits (p. 168). 

gciflcrgleic^, adj. fairylike, ghostlike. 

®cillerreic^, n. intellectual world, 
spiritual world, realm of ghosts 
or spirits. [ionary. 

IJciilerfelicr/ m. {-i) ghost-seer, vis- 

®ctilcrn?e(t, /. spirit-world. 

0ci|le(3cnttt>icfc(un(3,/. development of 
the mind. 

©eiilciJgegenraart, /. presence of mind. 

geiillgr adj. spiritual, intellectual, 

geitlli(^, adj. clerical, ecclesiastical. 



geillloiS, adj. spiritless, stupid, want- 
ing seuso. 

®ei,v m. {-ii) avarice, covetousness ; 
-^o.Ut m. (-fe^ ; 'pl. -^alfe) miser, 
niggard, churl. [etous. 

geijig, adj. miserly, niggardly, cov- 

gefe^rt/ part. & adj. turned round. 

©efUrre, n. {~i) clashing, clanking. 

©elflic^ter, n. (-^) laughter, [tain to. 

gelangen, v. n. to reach, arrive at, at- 

©cla§, m. (-c<3) room, space. 

gelaffcn, adj. gentle, quiet, calm, 

®elaffen{)eit, /. calmness, resignation. 

©elauftgfeit/ /. readiness, fluency. 

®elaut(e), n. {-t^) ringing of bells, 

gelB, adj. yellow. [peal. 

®elbr n. (-CiS ; pZ. -cr) coin, money; 
-arm, adj. poor in money ; -kutcl, 
m. (-^) money-bag, purse ; -e^- 
flang, {pl. -flange) sound of money. 

gclegen, adj. situated, convenient, 
commodious, opportune. 

©elegen^eit, /. ( pl. -en) occasion, con- 
venience, opportunity. 

gele^rig, adj. docile. [ed, informed. 

gele^rt, adj. learned, taught, instruct- 

©(e)Ieif(c); n. (-(e)5 ; pl. -c) footstep, 
track, streak. [guard, escort. 

®eleit, n. {-zi ; pl. -c) safe conduct, 

gekiten, v. a. to escort, accompany. 

geliebt, part. & adj. loved, beloved, 
endeared. [mild. 

gclinb(e), adj. smooth, soft, gentle, 

geltngem «. a. & imp. ir. to succeed, 

®eli(3pel, n. (-<?) lisping. [prosper. 

gellen, v. n. to sound loudly, yell. 

gelobcn, v. a. to promise, vow. 

gelten, v. n. ir. to be current, cost, 
have authority or influence ; — 
lalTeii/ to let pass, accept. 

©elu6be, n. (-^) vow. [ment. 

©emad), n. {-t^i pl. -mac^er) apait- 

gemad), adj. soft, gentle, easy. 

gcmdc^lic^, adj. soft, slow, commo- 

®ema:^I, m. (-ei?; pl. -e) consort^ 
spouse ; -in, /. ( pl. -ncn) wife. 

©emdlbef n. (-^) picture, painting. 

gemd^> adj. & adv, conformable, 

gemauert, part. & adj. immured. 

gemein, adj. common, vulgar, ordi- 
nary ; -fc^aftUc^, adj. common, in 
common. [parish. 

®emeinb(e), /. (_?;?. -n) community. 

gemeinfant, adj. common, mutual, 

®emeini'c^aft, /. ( pl. -en) community, 
communion, intercourse. 

gcmeffcn, adj. measured, appropriate ; 
-er Sefe^I, definite order, instruc- 

©emifc^, n. (-e<3; pl. -c) mixture. 

©emurmel, n. (-^) murmuring. 

©erniife, n. {-^) vegetables, greens. 

®cmut^, n. (-e^; pl. -er) mind, soul, 

®cmutl)^iuflanb, m. (-ea; pl -fldnbe) 
state of mind. 

gen, prep, contraction of gegen, 

genannt, see nennen. [exact. 

genau, adj. precise, accurate, strict, 

gene^m, adj. agreeable, approved of ; 
— l)alten, to approve. 

genel)mit;en, v. a. to approve. 

gcneigt, adj. inclined, disposed, favor- 
able, friendly. 

©cneral, m. {-i> ; pl. -rdle) general ; 
-commtffdr, m. commissary gen- 
eral ; -consent, m. general convent. 

feneration, /. {pl. -en) generation. 



gcnefcn, t. n. ir. to grow well, recover. 

©eueft^, /. generation, origin, his- 
tory of creation. 

®eme, n. genius, talent. 

gcntc§bar, adj. palatable, eatable. 

gcnie^en, v. a. ir. to enjoy, have the 
use of, partake of. 

@cmu<3, see Sd)ut'Cn9eI. 

Qcnommen, part, taken. 

®eiiop, m. (-ffen ; pi. -ffen) fellow, col- 
league, friend. [partnership. 

®enoffenfc()aft, /. ( pi -en) fellowship, 

Qcnot^igt, adj. (continual) pressing, 
asking, importuning, [to satisfy. 

genug^ adj. enough, sufficient ; -t^un, 

geniigen, v. n. to bo enough, suffice. 

©cnugfamfcit, /. contentedness, fru- 

©cnugtf)uun9f /. satisfaction. [use. 

®cnup, (-ffe<3; pi. -nitffc) enjoyment, 

©cpragc, n. (-^) impression, stamp. 

©cpraffel, n. {-i) rattling. 

gerabe, adj. straight, erect, direct ; 
— , adv. directly, exactly, just. 

©erat^(c), n. {-i ; pi. -e) implement, 
tool, vessels, utensils. 

geratl^en, v. n. ir. to fall into, fall 
upon, get into, succeed, prosper, 
fall in with ; — , adj. advised, ad- 

©eraufcf), n. (-^ ; pi. -c) noise, bustle. 

gcrcc^t, adj. just, righteous. 

©ered^tigfcit,/. j ustice, righteousness. 

gcrcinigt, adj. cleaned, cleansed. 

gcreuen, v. imp. to repent ; e<3 gcreut 
mic^, I repent (of) it. 

®eri(^t, n. ( -^ ; pi. -c) court of jus- 
tice, judgment, jurisdiction ; ju 
— fit-'Cn, to sit in judgment. 

©ericbt^btener/ m. (-^) beadle, officer 
^f the court, constable. 

®crid)t^llab, m. official staff. 

gcving, adj. small, little, trifling 
mean, low ; cin ©eringercr, a per- 
son lower in rank (p. 198). 

®cringfug{gfett, /. trifle, insignificant 
thing. [ible. 

gcringfd)a^ig, adj. mean, contempt- 

germanifd), adj. German, [willingly. 

gem, adv. with pleasure, gladly, 

®erte,/. (pi. -n) switch, pole. 

®crud), m. (-e^; pi. -ruc^e) smell, 
scent. [smell. 

gerud;lo^, adj. scentless, without 

®eriid)t, n. (-cd ; pi. -e) rumor, report. 

geru^ig, adj. quiet. 

gefalbt, adj. anointed. 

gcfammt, adj. whole, all together. 

©cfanbte (ber), 7n. (-n; pi. -n) mes- 
senger, ambassador. 

©cfang, m. {-ti ; pi. -ftinge) singing, 
song, hymn. 

©cfd}aft, n. (-ce 5 pi. -c) employment, 
occupation, affair, business. 

gefd)aftig, adj. busy, active. 

gefd)e^cn, v. n. & imp. ir. to come to 
pass, happen, arrive. 

gcfd)eib, gefd)ett, adj. sensible, clever, 
wise, judicious. 

®cfd)enf, 71. (-ca ; pi -c) gift, presen ■. 

®efdnd}tc, /. (j??. -n) history, si-,/. 

gcfd)id)tlid), adj. historical. 

®cfd)tcf, n. (-e^; p?.-e):aLD, destiny. 

I ®efd)i(fUc^feit, f(pl -a) Stness, apt- 

j ness, ability, talsnj. 

; gcfd)icf t, adj. adapted, fi';, a.c-0, der 

j terous, skillful. 

©efc^Ied^t, n. (-C(3; pi -n), 

I sex, kind, generation ; bad '\d)<m: 

! — , the fair sex. [smaca. 

Qkfd)macE, m. (-ed) taste, favor. 



@ef>^meibe, n. (-^) jewels, jewelry. 

©efc^opff n. (-esJ; pi. -e) creature. 

®cfv^o§, n. {-i^ti ; jpl -ffO dart, arrow ; 
story (of a house). 

©cfc^rei, n. (-e5) clamor, cry, shriek. 

@ef^u^, n. (-e^) artillery, cannon. 

©efc^rcaber, n. {-^) squadron, swarm. 

@ef(^n)a^, n. (-e^; p^. -e) talking. 

gefc^wci^ig, <wZ;. talkative. 

gefc^weige, adv. not to say, much less. 

gcfc^winb/ adj. quick, swift, fast. 

®efi^n)iller, pi. brothers, sisters, ar 
brothers and sisters. 

gefegnen, v. a. to bless. 

@efctl(e), m. (-en; pi. -en) companion, 
fellow, journeyman. 

gefellen* v. a. to associate ; — , v. r. 
to join, associate with one's self. 

©efeUigfeit, /. sociableness. [pany. 

®efcafc{)aft, /. {pi. -en) society, com- 

®:feUf.^after, m. (-^) companion, as- 

®:fc^, n. (-e<5; pi -«) law, statute, 
decree; -gebenD, adj. legislative; 
-ge&er, m. (-^) legislator, law- 
giver ; -\\^, adj. lawful, legal. 

©eftc^t, n. (-c«; pi. -er) sight, eye- 
sight, eye, view, visage, face, 
countenance, look ; — , ipl bie 
©eftc^te) apparition, vision, spectre. 

® eftc^t^frci^, m. (-fe^ ; pi. -fe) horizon. 

©eitc^t^jug, m. (-e^ ; pi. -^uge) feature. 

©efinbe, m. servants, domestics. 

geftnnt, adj. minded, disposed. 

©eftnnung, /, {pi. -en) disposition, 
sentiment. [culiar. 

gefonbert, part. & adj. separated, pe- 

gefpannt, part. & adj. stretched, in- 
tense, anxious, [parition, ghost. 

©efpenflr n. (-c^; pi -cr) spectre, ap- 

gef^jenjlifd^, adj. spectral, ghostlike. 

©efpiele, m. (-e« ; pi -c) /. -Un, ( pi 
-linnen) play-mate. [web. 

®efpinn|i, n. (-es^; pi -e) spinaiug, 

®e[pDni3, m. (-fe<3; pi -fe) briae- 
grcom ; — , /. bride. 

®efpotte, n (-«) mockery, derision. 

®efpra(^, n. (-e(S; pi -e) conversa- 
tion, discourse. 

©efiabCf n. (-<$) shore, beach, coast. 

&i^aUf f. {pi -en) form, figure. 

geflalten, v. a. to form, fashion. 

®e|lanbnip, n. (-ffeiJ ; pi -ffc) confes- . 

geftatten/ v. a. to permit, allow, grant 

®eftecf , 71. (-e(3 ; pi -e) case, 

geflc^en, v. a. ir. to confess, allow, 
grant ; — , v. n. to congeal, curdle. 

gejlern/ adv. yesterday. 

©efiirn, n. (-c^ ; pi -e) star, stars. 

geflimt, adj. starred, starry. 

getlorben, part. & adj. dead, [thicket 

©ejliduc^, n. (-e^; pi -e) bushes ,jJ(J. 

9ejlTeng(c), adj. strict, severe. 

geflrig, adj. yesterday ; n. "Mi eivig 
©ejlrige, what is of old, of yester- 
day, [tion. 

®efu^, n. (-ea ; pi. -e) request, peti- 

gefunb, adj. sound, healthy. 

® efunb^eit;/. health ; wholesameness. 

get^an, part, of t^un. 

@etofe^ n. (-^) din, noise, bustle. 

©etrak, n. trotting. 

getrauenf v. r. to dare, venture, trust. 

getreu, adj. faithful, true, loyal. 

getrojlf adj. confident, with confi- 
dence ; — , int. well ! 

getrojlen* i}. r. to hope with confi- 
dence, be assured. 

©etrummer, n. {■-^) ruins, rubbish, 
fragments, remnants. [riotous. 

getummeboU, adj. noisy, crowded, 



n. (-fe«; pi. -fe) growth, 
plant, vegetable ; tumor. 

gCB)acl)fenr adj. equal , — fcin» to be 
able, to be a match for. 

gcwa^rcn^ -»). a. to promise, vow, 
grant, afford ; — laJTen, to indulge. 

@malt, f. {pi. -en) might, power, 
force, violence ; dominion ; — an^ 
t^un, to do violence. 

0Ctt)altici» adj. powerful, mighty. 

gCTOaltigen, v. a. to subdue. 

gewaltfani, adj. forcible, violent. 

®ett)alttt)at/ / {pi. -en) violence. 

®ehjanb, 7^ (-c^ ; pi. -wanber) gar- 
ment, drapery, cloth. 

©ewanb^eit, /. activity, adroitness, 
dexterity, smartness. 

0ett>arten^ see fica">artii^en. 

(jcn?artic|» adj. expecting, aware ; — 
fein, to expect. 

gcwdrtigcn, v. a. to expect. 

®e»ebe, n. (-^) texture, weaving, 
weft, tissue. 

©ewt^r, n. (-eS; pZ. -e) lock, gun, 
pi. arms , musket. [fessiou. 

©ewerbe, n. {-^) business, trade, pro- 

®ercic^t, n. (-^; pi. -e) weight. 

gewic^tigr adj. weighty. 

©ewimmel, n. (-^) swarm, crowd. 

QJcnjinn, m. (-e^; pi. ~c) gain, profit. 

geiinnnen* v. a. ir to win, gain, ob- 
tain, acquire, get. 

©ciuinncr, m. {-^) winner, gainer. 

©eroinnil, m. (-e(3; pi. -c) gain, profit. 

GJcwirr, n. (-ed; pi. -e) confusion, 

gewifj/ adj. certain, sure, true ; — , 
adv. certainly, surely. 

QJcwilTen, n. (-^) conscience. 

gcrciffenbaft, 9croi|Tent>afti0, adj. con- 

®ett)ifTcn«qual, /. {pi. -en) remorse, 
stings of conscience. 

getoifTermapen; adv. in a manner. 

QJewip^eit, /. {pi. -en) certainty, 
surety. [clination. 

©cnjogen^eit/ /. favor, kindness, in- 

getro^ncn, v. n. to be inured to ; ge* 
n:io^nt fein, to be wont or accus- 
tomed (to) ; gewo^nt werbeny to get 
accustomed (to). [habituate. 

gen)ol}nen, v. a. & r. to accustom, use, 

®cn)Dl)n^cit, /. {pi. -en) custom, use, 
usage, habit. [dinary. 

gewb^nlic^f adj. usual, customary, or- 

©ewijlbe, n. (-^) vault, arch, ware- 

gewijlbt, adj. vaulted. [house. 

®e»oIf/ n. (-e<J ; pi. -e) clouds. 

gewolft/ adj. clouded, covered. 

®en)U^U n. (-e^) rooting, rummag- 
ing, busy throng, crowding. 

©cwitrni^ n, (-ca ; pi. -e) worms, rep- 

(^t\z\t, n. (-eg ; pi. -c) tent. [tiles. 

gejiemen* t'. n. & r. to be suitable or 
meet ; — , v. imp. c^ gejicmt fic^, it 
is proper or fit. 

gejiemenb, pai^t. & adj. due, proper. 

gierig, adj. voracious, avidious. 

gie§cn, ». a. ir. to pour, water, 
found, cast. 

®ift, n. (-ed ; pi. -c) poison ; -tropfem 
7«. drop or small quantity of 

giftig^ adj. poisonous, venomous. 
' gigantifdv adj. gigantic. 
: ©ipfeU m. (-^) summit, top. 
I :Ul'1)en, «. n. to froth, foam. 
■ iMuxt n. (-«) trellis, grate, lattice. 
I 03l.;rtv m. (-ed) splendor, lustre. 
j Uan^en, v. n. to shine, glitter, gleam, 

^l mc'ib, part, k adj. shining, bright, 
i brilliant, glossy. 



®k5, n. (-fe§; i?^. ®Iafer) glass. 

gkit, aaj. smooth, even, polislied, 

glattcn, v. a. to smooth, polish. 

®laubc(n), m. (-ni3; pi. -n) faith, be- 
lief, credit. 

glaubcn, v. a. to believe, think, trust. 

®lauBen(3gentcinbe, /. community of 

©laukn^t^ern, m. star of faith. 

glauMgf adj. believing, full of faith. 

gleid^, adj. even, straight, like ; — , 
adv. equally, just, exactly; im- 
mediately ; — , conj. although ; 
-arttg, adj. the same kind, homo- 
geneous ; fic^ — Heikn, to be con- 
sistent, continue the same ; -fall^, 
add. likewise, also; -giiltig, adj. 
equivalent, indifferent, immate- 
rial ; -guUtgfeit, /. indifference, 

. equal value ; -"^eit, /. straightness, 
equality, likeness ; -meffen, v. a. 
to measure impartially ; -ni^, n. 
(-ffe^ ; pi. -ffe) similitude, parable ; 
-fam, conj. as it were, like as if, 
almost ; -fletten, v. a. to place on a 
par, aspire ; ftt^ einem — fteHen, to 
put one's self on a par with ; 
-fteffung, /. conformation, equal- 
ization ; -ijielf adv. all the same, 
indifferent ; -tt)ie, conj. as, just as, 
even as ; -tx>D!)I> conj. nevertheless, 
notwithstanding, yet ; -jeitig, adj. 

9leic^en» v. n. ir. to be equal, resem- 
ble ; — , V. a. to make even, level, 

mtii, see ®clctfc. [liken. 

®Ieipner, m. (-§) hypocrite. 

gleiten, -». n. ir. to glide, slide. 

@Ueb,7i. (-(c)(3;p^.-cr)limb,member, 
link (of a chain), file (of soldiers). 

®ro(fe, /. (pi. -n) bell, clock. 

®Io(f engut, n. (-c$) bell-metal. 

®lo(fcnflau9, m. (-e^ ; pi. -flange) 
sound of bells. 

®lotfen[peifc, see ©Ictfengut. 

®lD(fentluk, /. belfry. [bell. 

®lo(fenton, m. tone or sound of a 

glorreici), adj. glorious. 

®lit(f, n. (-esg) fortune, luck, happi- 
ness, felidtj ; — n)unfd)en, to con- 
gratulate ; -lt(^f adj. prosperous, 
fortunate, happy ; -lic^feit, /. hap- 
piness, felicity ; -feligfeit, /. hap- 
piness, felicity, 

gluten, v. n. to be red-hot, to glow. 

®lut, ®lut^f /. (pi. -en) glowing fire, 
heat, flame, violent heat. 

®nabe, /. benevolence, grace, favor, 

®nibenlnlb, n. (-eiS; pi. -er) holy 
image, crucifix, image of the 

®nabenMi(f , m. (-e« ; pi -e) look of 
grace or approbation. 

®nabenjug, m. (-e^ ; j^^- -IW) passage 
of grace. 

Qmhic^.adj. merciful, kind, gracious ; 
-lic^, adv. (ahsol.) gracious(ly), 
merciful(ly), favorably. 

®olb, n. (-e^) gold; -ftiid, n. (-e^; 
pi. -e) gold coin, piece of gold. 

golben/ adj. made of gold, golden. 

gonnen^ v. a. to grant, not to envy, 
not to grudge. 

®cit^e, m. (-n; pi. -n) Goth. 

got^tf(^, adj. Gothic, Gothic style of 

®Dtt)tanb, n. (-Q) Gothland, Gothia. 

®ott, m. (-eg; pi. ®otter) God; 
-a^nlicb, adj. like to God ; — 
kma^rc 1 Qt)d forbid ; -crfiillt, adj 




inspired of God ; -gcUeI)t, adj. be- 
loved of God ; -gcfanbt, adj. sent 
by God ; -l»cit, /. {pi. -en) deity, 
divinity, godhead; — fcl 1)anfl 
thanks be to God ! -t>er[o^ner, m. 
(-g) Christ the Saviour, lit. the 
reconciler to God. 

©otterMlb, m. imago of a god. 

gijttcrgleic^, adj. godlike, devout. 

®ottcrfunfc, m. (-n) divine spark, 
divine inspiration. [the gods. 

®otter^o^e, /. {pl.-w) exaltedness of 

©otterfinb, n. divine child. 

®5tterfraft, /. divine strength. 

©otterflcirfc, strength of the gods. 

®ottert»onne,/. pleasure of the gods, 
divine pleasure. [ground. 

®ottedacfer, m. grave-yard, buryiug- 

®ottcdbienjl> m. (-0*3; jil. -c) worship 
of God, divine service. 

®otte^furd)t, /. fear of God, piety. 

gottcdfiiri^tig, adj. fearing God, pious. 

©otte^lailerung, /. {pi. -en) blas- 
phemy, profanity. [work. 

©ottc^raerf, n. (-C5; pi. -c) God's 

©ottc^tDort, n. (-c^) holy writ, the 
word of God. 

©oitin, /. {pi. -nen) goddess. 

gottUd), adj. divine, godly, godlike, 

@b^e, m. (-n; pi. -n) idol, false deity. 

©o^cnbiener, m. (-d) idolater. 

®rvib, n. (-ed; pi. ®rdber) grave, 
tomb, se]mlchre ; -gefang, m. (-e(3 ; 
-foingc) funeral song, mourning 
song; -I'c^rift, / {pi. -en) epitaph, 

©raben, m. (-3; pi. ®raben) ditch, 
trench ; — , v. a. ir. to grave, en- 
grave, carve, dig. [the grave 

®ial)eduacl)t, /. darkness, night of 

®rab, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) degree, step. 
®raf, m. (-en; j)l- -f'-) <?arl, count. 
®ram, m. (-c^) grief, sorrow ; — , adv. 

adverse : — fcln, to dislike, hate. 
grdmen; v. r. to grieve, sorrow, fret. 
grammatif^, adj. grammatical. 
®ran, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) grain. 
®ranat, m. {-i ; pL -en) garnet, 
©rdnjc, see ®renje. [pomegranate, 
grdnjen, see grenjcn. 
grdnjcnlOi?f adj. boundless, without 

limit, from beginning to end. 
®rad, n. (-fe<3 ; pi- ®rdfer) grass, 
grdplirf), adj. shocking, horrible. 
®rat^tl)ler, n. a chamois of a reddish 

®rau, n. gray color ; — , adj. gray, 

grizzled ; in jcnen grauen 3rtl)ren, in 

those ancient times. 
QJrduel, tn. {-i) horror, detestation. 
®rauen, n. see ©vaun; — / v. n. to 

dawn, turn gray ; — , v. n. imp. 

to have an aversion to a thing, 

dislike ; -ijoK, adj. full of horror, 

grduUc^f adj. shocking, horrible. 
®raun, 7i. {-i) abhorrence, aversion, 

horror, fear, 
(^rau^, m. (-fc^) horror; — , adj. 

horrible, dreadful. [rible. 

graufam, adj. cruel, shocking, ter- 
©raufamfeit, /. (ijl. -en) cruelty, bar- 

barousness. [shudder, sliiver, 

©raufen, n. horror ; — , v. n. imp. to 
®ra^ic, /. {pi. -n) grace, charm. 
grcifen, t. a. ir. to take, seize, catch. 
®rei^, m. (-fed; pi. -fe) old man ; — , 

adj. gray, hoary. 
grell, adj. glaring, very 1 right. 
Q)rcnv^^ter, m. {-i ; j)-- -c) grenadier, 



©renjc, / {pL -n) limit, boundary, 

grenjen, v. n. to border upon, limit. 

©reuel, m. M) see ®rauel. 

©riec^e, w. (-n; pl.-n);/. ©riec^in, 
{pL -ncn) Greek, Grecian. 

griec^ifc^, adj. Greek, Grecian. 

®rimm, m (-e^) fury, rage ; — , ac^. 
enraged, furious. 

grimmtg, adj, wrathful, enraged. 

grtnfeit, v. n. to grin, show the teeth, 

groB; adj. coarse, clumsy, gross; 
dull ; rude, rough, uncivil. 

®xoU, m. (-t§>) ill-will, grudge, 

groHen, v. a. to grudge, bear an ill- 
will, vex. 

®rog/ n. (-eiS) gross, twelve dozen ; 
— , adj. big, large, grand, vast, 
huge, great, grown ; -inquifttor, m. 
grand inquisitor ; -mutfy, /. mag- 
nanimity, generosity ; -mutl)irs» adj. 
magnanimous, generous ; — t^uu, 
to brag, to boast ; -sater, m. (-5 ; 
pi. -»atcr) grandfather. 

®ro^e, /. greatness, magnitude. 

©rotte, /. ( pi. -n) grotto. 

®rukf /. (pi. -n) ditch, grave, hole 
in the ground, cavern. [vault. 

®ruft, /. (pi. ©ritfte) grave, tomb, 

Orititf n. green color, verdure ; — , 
adj. green; grune Donnerftag, Maim- 
dy Thursday. 

©runb, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©riinbe) ground, 
soil, basement, rudiment, bottom, 
foundation, basis; valley; motive, 
reason ; tm ®runbe, in truth ; ju 
®runbe x\i)m, to ruin ; »on — au^, 
from the very foundation, funda- 
mental ; -ei^, w. (-fe^) ground- 
ice; -lage, /. (pi. -n) foundation, 

origin ; -legung, /. {pi. -en) lay 
ing the foundation ; -fatv m. (-t^ ; 
pi -foit^c) principle, maxim. 

grunbcn> v. a. & r. to ground, found, 
fathom. [fundamental. 

c\xmi>lx6:},adj. thorough(ly), profound, 

©riinbim ,/. (pi. -en) establishment, 

grunen, v. n. to become green, to be 
green, to flourish. 

grun^en, i). n. to grunt, grumble. 

©ruppe, /. (pi. -n) group. 

®ru§, m. (-t^\pl. ©ritpc) salutation, 

griipen, v. a. to greet, salute ; — 
laffen, to send one's respects or 

gucfen, «. 71. to look, peep. 

®U(fer> m. looker. 

®ulben, m. florin, guilder (40 cents 
American silver), 

gulben, adj. golden. 

giilttg, adj. valid, current. 

®un|l, /. favor, leave, affection, par 
tiality. [favor. 

guntlig, adj. favorable ; — fein, to 

giirtcn, v. a. to girt, girdle, belt, 

®u^ m. (-eg, pi. ©iiffe) founding, 
gush, drain, 

®ut, n. (-eg \pl. ® uter)goods, blessing, 
possession, country-seat, country- 
house ; — , (comp. beffer, superl. 
U\i) adj. good, well, good-natured ; 
— , adv. well, sufficiently ; — t^itn» 
to do good, to thrive ; — ^aUn, 
in — ^aUn, to have to one's 
credit ; eg — ^altn, to be well ofi^; 
einem — fein, to like a person ; — 
fagen fttr, to answer for, to war- 
rant ; — v^•> ■''en. to make amends ; 
lap — f ii, I o it so, let that pass, 


no more of it, never mind ; jum 
Sc|len, for the best purpose or 
interest. [manor. 

©ut^befi^er, m. landlord of the 

®utdberr, m. landlord. 

®ute, /. goodness, kindness. 

giitig* adj. good, kind, benevolent. 

giitlitf), adj. kind, mild, gentle ; — , 
adt). amicably, kindly ; ftc^ — 
tf^UHf to take care of one's self, to 
enjoy one's self, to pamper one's 

$a ! irvt. ha ! [to a hair. 

^aar, n. (-e<5 ; pZ. -c) hair ; auf ein — , 

^ak, /. property, goods ; — unb 
%v\, goods and chattels. 

^abcH/ 1\ ir. to have ; — , t. a. to have, 
possess ; 9iec^t — , to be right ; 
Unrec^t — , to be wrong. 

^abfuc^t, /. avarice, greediness. 

^acf c, /. ( pi. -n) hoe, hatchet, axe, 
heel. [dispute. 

^aber, m. (-5) rag, quarrel, brawl, 

^abe^, m. myth. Hades (the habita- 
tion of the dead or lower world of 
the ancients. 

$afen, ra. {-^ ; -pi. •^afcn) port, har- 
bor, haven, pot. [ment. 

^aft, /. custody, durance, imprison- 

^aften, id. n. to stick, adhere, fasten, 
to be fixed ; — fitr, to be respon- 
sible for. YvroTO. bull. 

<>agr m. (-e(3 ; pi. -c) hedge, fence ; 

f)a^n, m. (-e^ ; pi. ^atjne) cock, 
rooster. [call. 

|)a^nenruf, m. cock's crow ; rooster 

^a^nentritt, m. (-e^; pi. -c) tread, 
treading of the cock, treadle. 


grove, wood, 

^atn, m. (-cd ; yl. 

^alb, adj. half; -gcDroc^cn, partk adj. 
half broken ; -gott, m. (-e^ ; pi. 
-gbttcr) demi-god ; -ici^rig, adj. half- 
yearly; -monb, half-moon, crescent. 

•palfte, /. {pi. -n) half, middle. 

^aUc, /. {pi. -n) hall, porch. 

ballcnf V. n. to sound, resound. 

f)a(Icb ! int. holloo ! halloa 1 

.'pale, m. (-fc^; pi. ■^alfc) neck, 
throat, gullet ; iiber — unb ^opf, 
helter-skelter, headlong. 

^^^U, m. hold, support, halt ; — , 
int. hold ! halt ! stay ! stop ! 

fallen, n. a. & n. ir. to hold, bind, 
keep, support, sustain, contain ; 
think, judge ; frci — , to pay for 
a person, to treat; — fitr, to re- 
gard or consider as ; fc^abloS — , 
to indemnify ; bafur — , to be of 
opinion ; zi mit Semanbcm — , to 
take one's part ; — , t\ r. to keep 
or maintain one's self ; [id^ gut — , 
to bear one's self well (p. 20). 

jammer, m. {-i\ pi. ■C'ammcr) ham- 
mer, forge. 

|)anb, /. {pi. -^cinbe) hand ; -flcic^c, 
/. palm of the hand ; bie — bicten, 
to offer assistance, to assist ; unter 
bcr — , underhand, secretly, pri- 
vately ; bei bcr — , at hand, ready ; 
i)Dr ber — t at present, just now ; 
-^ak, /. {pi. -n) handle ; -lung, /. 
{j)l. -:n) trade, commerce, action, 
deed ; -fd)Iag, m. (-ed; pi. -U'i^lagc) 
shake of the hand, giving the 
hand as a pledge ; -fdmlv m. (-e^; 
pi. -c) glove ; -»oII; /. handfull ; 
-ttjcrfer, m. {-^) mechanic, artisan. 

^anbel, m. {-i) trade, traffic, com 



merce, affair, business ; — txt'ibtn, 
v. a. to traffic. 

.t)aubel, /. quarrel, affray. 

^aribeltt, v. n. to trade, traffic, ne- 
gotiate, [ed. 

^angen, d. n. ir. to hang, be suspend- 

^angen, v. a. to liaug, suspend. 

^arfe, /. {pi. -n) liarp. 

^arfenli^pel, n. (pi. -n) lisp of the 

^arfenfpiel, a. harp-playing, [harp. 

^arrn, m. (-c^) grief, sorrow, harm. 

^armlo^, adj. without grief, harm- 
less, inoffensive. 

■^armonie, /. {pi. -n) harmony. 

|armonif{^f adj. harmonious. 

^arnifc^/ (-e^ ; pi. -e) harness, armor. 

barren, v. n. to await, stay. 

l^art, adj. stiff, severe, austere. 

^drtt, f. {pi. -n) hardness, rigorous- 
ness. [inflexible. 

i^axtnMi^f adj. stubborn, obstinate ; 

^artndtfigfeit, /. stubbornness, ob- 

|)afd}er, m. (-5) spy, detective, catch- 
pole, bailiffs, myrmidons. 

^afe m. (-n; pi. -n) hare, coward. 

^afel^aum, m. {-zi\pl. -Mume) hazel- 

§afeI6uf(^, m. hazel-bush. [tree. 

^a§, m. (-ffe^) hate, hatred, grudge. 

|affen, v. a. to hate. 

l^affen^wert^, adj. hateful. 

pplic^, adj. ugly. 

^aul^e, /. {pi. -n) cap, coif, hood. 

§au(^, m. (-e^) breath, aspiration. 

l^auen, v. a. ir. to hew, cut. 

^aufc(n), m. (-n*^ ; pi. -n) heap, amass- 
ment, multitude ; ukr ben — 
jlopen, to strike down, overthrow. 

l^dufeU; v. a. to heap, accumulate. 

^aupt, n. {-zi\ pi. ■C)dupter) head, 
chief, chieftain ; in comp. main, 

principle; auf^ — fc^lagen, to 
rout completely ; -armee, /. {pt. 
-n) main army ; -action^ /. great 
act, great show ; -ftgur, /. {pi. -en) 
main figure ; -punft, m. {-ti ; pi. 
-c) main point ; -fdc^lid^, adj. chief, 
principal ; -fa^, m. (-e<§ ; pi. -fd^c) 
axiom, main point ; -ftabt, /. {pi. 
-fmbtc) capital, principal town ; 
-fpfiem, n. {pi. -e) chief system ; 
-t^etl/ m. principal or greatest 
part ; -ijeranlaffung, /. principal 
reason ; -i»c(), n. (-e^) head-ache. 
aui3, n. (-fc$; 2^^- ^dufer) house, 
household, family, home, firm ; 
ju -^aufe, at home ; m6) .^aufc, 
(towards) home; ijon ^aufe, from 
home , -frau, /. {pi. -en) house- 
wife ; -^altung, /. {pi -en) house- 
keeping, economy, family ; -rat!> 
m. (-e^) househord furniture. 

^aufen, v. n. to live, keep house, 
carry on, ravage. 

puSlic^, adj. domestic, economical. 

■^aut, /. {pi. ■C'ctute) hide, skin, cuticle. 

^e0et, m. (-^) lever. 

^ekn^ ». a. ir. to heave, raise, lift, 
stop, take up, elevate ; in bie -^o^e 
— , to lift on high. 

^ekr, m. {-§) elevator, siphon. 

^ekder, m. (-^) Hebrew, 

^thxdi\6^, adj. Hebrew. 

^eer, n. {-c^ ; pi. -e) army ; -bann, 
m. (-eig) army ; -fii^rer, m. {-i) 
commander-in-chief ; -fc^aar, /. 
{pi. -en) host, army ; -fc^ait, /. 
review of an army : -flrom, m. \ 
large or principal river ; -ina,, 
m. (-e^; pi. -jiige) march of au 

^cerbc/ see -fjerbe. 



l^cerbemclfenb, part. & adj. milking 
the herds (p. 2G2). [yeast. 

$<!fen, m. dregs, lees, sediment, 

^cftcn, V. a. to fasten, fix, peg, stitch. 

I^cftig, adj. vehement, intense, vio- 
lent, [violence. 

^cftiijfcit, /. {pi. -en) vehemence, 

l^egcn, v. a. to enclose, entertain, 

^e^r, adj. sublime, holy, sacred. 

^eibe, m (-n ; j;?. -n) heathen, pagan ; 
— ' /• iP^' -n) heath, field. 

^cibent()um, n. {-^ ; pi. -turner) pagan- 
ism, heathenism. 

^eibeitjeit, /. days of pagandom. 

^eil, n. {-t^) health, happiness, 
salvation ; — , adj. unhurt, sound, 
healed ; — , int. hail ! -bringenb, adj. 
bringing blessings ; -mittel, 7i. 
(-(J) remedy ; -fam, adj. whole- 
some, salutary ; -famfeit, /. whole- 
someness, salubrity. 

l^eilen, v. n. to heal ; — , v. a. to heal, 
cure, make whole, repair. 

^cilig, adj. sacred, holy; ber ^eitige 
Stbenb, w. the eve before a festival. 

l^ciligcn, v. a. to sanctify, hallow. 

^eiligenbilb, n. (-e^; pi. -cr) holy 
image, image of the virgin, cru- 

|)eili9t^um, n. (-c^ ; pi. -tfiumer) sanc- 
tuary, relic, sacred object. 

l^eim, ado. home; -bringen* v. a. ir. to 
bring home ; -fu'^rcn, v. a. to lead 
home, to take home ; -gewanbt, 
adj. homeward-bound ; -ifd), adj. 
domestic, at home ; -fcbren^ v. a. 
to return home ; -Hi), adj. secret, 
clandestine ; -tr»anbcrn, v. a. to 
wander home ; -mQ, m. (-ed; pi. 
-i) way home, return home ; 

-n?art^, adv. homeward ; -tr>ef), n. 

(-co) homesickness, nostalgia, 
^eimatf), /. {pi. -cu) home, native 
^cimat^lid), adj. native. [country. 
^cimat^(0)lo<^, adj. homeless. 
I)etratf)cn, v. a. to marry. 
{)eifd)en, v. a. to desire, require. 
Y'\^, adj. hot, warm, ardent, 
^ei^en, v. a. ir. to call, command ; 

— , 1). n. to be said, to be called ; 

gut — / to approve, sanction, 
fetter, adj. serene, clear, bright. 
^clterfeit, /. serenity, cheerfulness. 
^elb, m. (-en; pi. -en) hero; -in, /. 

{pi. -nen) heroine. 
^elbenbru|l, /. heroic breast, 
^elbenmutf), m. (-eO) heroism. 
^clbenmut{)ig, adj. heroic. 
^elbenrul}m, m. hero's fame. 
^clbenfo^n, m. (-e<3 ; pi. -fi3I)nc) hero's 

^clbcntlarfc, /. hero's strength. 
•^elbcntl)at, /. {pi. -en) heroic deed. 
^clbentugcnb, /. {pi. -en) hero's virtue. 
^elbcnwillen, m. heroic will, 
l^elfen, v. a. ir. to help, assist, aid ; 

remedy, to be efficacious. 
^elferi3{)clfer, m. {-i) aider, abettor. 
I)cl(r adj. clear, bright, light. 
^ella*?, Hellas, ancient Greece. 
^clm, m. {-ii\ p)l. -c) helmet. 
^emb, n. (-eO ; pi. -en, -e, oi' -er) 

shirt; ^^rtiuen-^ chemise, 
^cmnten, v. a. to stop, check. 
^emmung, / {pi. -en) stopping, hin- 
drance, delay, stay, escapement 

(of a watch), catch. 
^enfel, m. (-0) handle, hook. [cr. 
^cnfer, m. (-d) hangman, execution- 
^enne, /. hen. 
^enoc^f m. Enoch. 



I^er, adv. to this place, hither, here 
(see Gr. p. 281, VIII ; El. p. 237). 

^txabf adv. down, downwards ; 
-bittfen, V. n. to glance or look 
down ; -fatten, v. n. ir. to fall 
down ; -gieien, v. n. ir. to pour 
down ; -fommen, v. a. to come 
down, to degenerate, to become 
poor ; -fenben, v. a. ir. to send 
down ; -finferi; vs. a. to sink down ; 
-fleigen, v. n. ir. to descend ; 
-fpringen, v. a. to jump down ; 
-»erfen# v. a. ir. to throw down ; 
-jie^en, v. a. ir. to draw down. 

l^craitf adv. near to, on ; -fommen; 
V. n. ir. to come on ; -jvac^fen, 
V. n. ir. to increase, grow up. 

l^erauf, adv. upwards ; -blicfen, v. a. 
to look upwards ; -ge^en, v. a. ir. 
to go up ; -fonimcn, v. a, ir. to 
come up. 

^erau^/ adv. out (of) ; — , int. come 
out ! turn out ! -gabe, /. {pi. n) 
publishing, giving up ; -gebcn, 
V. a. ir. to hand out or over ; de- 
liver up, give change (money), 
publish ; -geber, m. (-^) publisher, 
editor ; -ragen, v. a. to stand forth, 
to be prominent ; -jie^enf v. a. ir. 
to pull or draw out. 

!^er.b(e), adj. sour, acid, harsh. 

l^erbei, adj. hither, near ; -fu^ren, v. a. 
to bring, fetch, lead in or up ; 
-rufen, v. a. ir. to call to a place ; 
-fi^ffen, V. a. to produce, procure ; 
-treibettr v. a. to concentrate, col- 
lect, [hither. 

^erbringen, v. a. ir. to bring, bring 

^crbjl, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) autumn, har- 
vest, fall. 

]^crb)llid), adj. autumnal. 

^erb, m. (-e^; pi. -e) hearth, fire- 
place, fire-side ; home. 

|)erbe, /. {pi. -n) flock, herd, drove. 

herein, adv. in, into ; — , int. come 
in ! entree 1 -fommen, «. n. ir. to 
come in ; -trcten, v. a. ir. to enter. 

^erfu^ren, v. a. to bring here. 

\)zx\m, adv. see |cr»or. [be done. 

l^crge^en, v. n. ir. to come along, to 

t)erfommen, v. n. ir. to approach, ad- 
Vance, come here, originate, de- 
scent, come from (place). 

■^erfunft, /. {pi. -fiinfte) origin, 

l^erna(|, adv. afterwards, after that. 

l^crnieber, adv. down ; bi<3 auf bic 
©cl^len — , down to the very soles 
(of his feet) (p. ) ; -jUie^eiif v. n. 
ir. to flow down, descend ; -fc^tt)e»' 
beitf V. n. to descend. 

^erOf m. hero. 

^eroifc^/ a-dj. heroic, heroical. 

^erolb, m. (-CiJ; pi. -e) herald, har 

^err, '>n. (-en; pi. -en) master, sir, 
lord, gentleman, mister. 

I^erreic^en, v. a. to reach, hand. 

I)erreifen, v. n. to travel hither, 

^errenrec^t, n. (-^ ; pi. -e) royal priv. 

lerrifd), adj. lordly, imperious. 

|)errUc^, adj. magnificent, excellent. 

^errlid^teit, /. {pi. -en) magnificence, 
splendor, excellence. 

^errf(^aft, /. {pi. -en) mastery, da 
minion, master and mistress. 

]^errfcf)en. v. n. to rule, reign, govern, 
dominate, prevail. 

$errfd)er, m. (-^) ruler, governor. 

^erfc^euci^cn, v. a. to chase away. 

^erfenben, v. a. to send hither 



Icruber, adc. over ; -frmmen, v. n. to 
come over ; -tbneu, v. a. & n. to 
sound, tone over or across. 

lucrum, adv. round, about ; -irren, 
V. n. to wander about ; -fd)lagcn, 
IK a. to strike about ; — , v. r. to 
fight, quarrel. 

l^crunter, add. down, off; -fatten^ v. a. 
to fall down ; -!|oIen, v. a. to 
fetcli down ; -fleigcn, v. n. ir. to 

^cr»or, adv. forth, out : -kccf)en, v. n 
ir. to break forth ; -^ckn, v. a. ir. 
to relieve, render prominent ; 
-rufen, v. a. ir. to call out, call 
forth ; -jlc^ettf v. n. ir. to stand 
out, bulge out ; -treten^ v. a. ir. 
to appear, step forth or forward. 

^erj, n. (-en<3 ; pi. -en) heart, breast, 
courage ; ju |)erjcn nc^men, to take 
to heart ; -l^aft, adj. stout-hearted, 
courageous ; -^ftigfeit, /. courage, 
bravery ; -innig, -inniglid), adj. 
hearty ; — , adv. heartily, passion- 
ately ; -lid^, adj. hearty, heartfelt, 
cordial ; — , adv. heartily, very ; 
-licb, adv. very dear; -Ui, adj. 
heartless. [fliction. 

^erjelcib, n. (-c^ ; pi. -en) sorrow, af- 

^cri^en^freunb, m. {-ti ; pi. -i) bosom 

|>crjen^rein^ett, /. purity of heart. 

l^crjic^en, v. a. ir. to draw or move 

$crj09f m. (-«; pi. -jijgc) duke. 

^e&en, v. a. to hunt, bait, set on, 
cause mischief. 

^iVL, p. (-e«) hay ; -fi^rerfc,/. (pi. -n) 
grasshopper, locust; -fc^rcrfttjolfe, 
cloud of locusts ; -ipage, /. (pi. -n) 

^eud&elcl/ /. ( pi. -en) hyi>ocri8y. 

^culen, V. a. to howl, whine, weep ; 

^eut(c), adv. to-day, this day. 

■^eutijj, adj. of this present day. 

^eye, /. (pi. -n) witch, sorceress. 

^eyentanj, m. (-e^ ; pi. -tanje) witches' 

^ie, adv. see ^ier. [dance. 

l)iebei, see ^ierbei. 

^ith, m. (-eg ; pi. -e) cut, stroke. 

^ief^orn, n. {-ti ; pi. -t)orner) hunt 
ing horn. 

l^ienieben, adv. here below, on earth. 

^ier, adv. here, in this place ; — unb 
ba, here and there ; -an, adv. at 
this, on this ; -auf, adv. hereupon, 
then ; -aug, adv. from this, hence, 
out of this ; -bet, adv. at this, by 
I this ; -^er, adv. thither ; Bid — , 
hithertp, to this place, thus fax ; 
-uber, adv. over here. 

^ierarc^ie, /. {pi. -en) hierarchy. 

I)tefelbfi, adv. here, in this place. 

^ift^orn, n. (-«« ; pi. -^ijrner) see ^tef-* 

^ilfe, see ^iilfe. [I)orn. 

^ilfreid^f see :^ulfreic^. 

|)immel, m. {-i) heaven, heavens, 
sky ; -Mau, adj. sky-blue, azure ; 
-fej^fr /. ( pi' -n) firmament ; 
-fruc^t, /. heavenly fruit, fruit of 
heavenly growth ; -wartg, adv. 
towards heaven ; -tueit, adv. very 
distant, widely. 

|>immelgfacEel, /. heavenly torch. 

^immel^gegenb, /. {pi. -en) region of 
the heavens. 

|)immelg^Ian^, m. heavenly radiance. 

^immel^fontgin, /. queen of heaven. 

^immelg[;eb, m. (-eg; ^^ -er) heav- 
enly song. 

^immelgluft, /. ether. 



-5)immel^fraft, /. heavenly power, 
God-given power, 

^immclemvijor; great bear. 

|)immel^f4)0p» m. (-cv) realm of 
heaven. [tial city. 

^immeBf^abt, /. heavenly city, celes- 

i)imniel<3flric{), m. (-e^^,* pi. -e) climate. 

^immel^tou/ m. heavenly sound, 
strain. [heaven. 

^immcl^jelt, n. vault, canopy of 

]^immUf(^, adj. celestial, heavenly. 

l^in, adv. thither, along {see Gr. p. 
281, VIII ; El. p. 237); — unb ^er, 
backwards and forwards, to-and- 

l^inab, adv. down ; -ge^en, to go 
down, descend ; -sie^ett; v. n. to 
draw down. 

f)imr[, adv. towards a place ; -jleigen, 
V. a. ir. to ascend, mount. 

^inauf, adv. up, up to, upwards. 

l^inaui^, adv. out ; -fiiirmen, v. sejy. to 
rush out ; -\t1)m, v. a. to see out ; 
-weifen, v. a. ir. to turn or show 
out ; -mxftn, V. a. ir. to throw 
out, eject. [place. 

l^inMitfen, v. n. to look towards a 

j^inberit/ v. a. to hinder, prevent, im- 

^inbcrnt§, n. (-ffe^ ; pi. -ffe) hin- 
drance, obstacle, impediment. 

]f)inbur(^, adv. through, throughout, 
during ; id) Juitl — (supply gel^en), 
I will go through (p. 43). 

I^ineitt, adv. in, into ; in ben Zao^ — , 
at random ; -ftnben, v. a. to find 
in or at home ; — , v. r. to con- 
tent one's self ; -tommen, v. n. ir. 
to come or get into ; -fpringen^ 
X. n. ir. to jump into. 

I^infort, adv. henceforth, in future. 

^in9al)e, /. abandonment. 

^ingeben, v. a. ir. to give up or away 

l)ingel)en, v. n. ir. to go to ; — laffen* 
to suffer to pass. 

^ingele^nt, adj. leaned against. 

^Infommcn, v. n. ir. to come, to coma 

|)inlcgen, v. a. to lay down, [there 

^ingefcietf adj. strewn about. 

^innetimen, v. a. ir. to take there; 

I)lnucn, adv. hence ; ijon — , hence, 
from hence, away. 

^Inreipen, v. a. ir. to tear along 
with violence, overcome ; delight. 

()inric^ten, v. a. to execute. 

^inrid)tung, /. {pi. -en) execution. 

^Inrncfen, v. a. to move to, remove. 

I)infe^cn, v. r. ir. to look towards a 

Mnfein, v. n. ir. to be lost, to be gone. 

^injii^t, /. {pi. -en) view, considei 
ation, conception. 

^infmfen, v. n. ir to sink down, faint 

:^tn|le^en, v. a, ir. to place. 

^tnfleflen, v. a. to put to, put down. 

:^inflopen, v. a. ir. to thrust. 

I)injlrel6cn/ v. n. to struggle. 

^inftiirjen, v. n. to tumble down. 

l}inten/ adv. behind, after; — nac^; 

()lnter, prep, behind, after ; — , adv. 
back, backwards ; — , adj. hinder, 
hind ; -ge^en, v. a. ir. to deceive ; 
-grunb, m. (-c« ; pi. -griinbe) back- 
ground ; -\j<x\\., m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) am- 
bush, reserve ; -liflf /. fraud, cun- 
ning, artifice ; -f^eil, w. ( -e^ ; pi. -e) 
hind part, back part ; -t^iir(e), / 
{pi. -en) back-door. 

]^intraumen» v. n. to dream away 

Mntretcn^ v. a. ir. to step up to- 



^iniiber, adv. over, across ; -gc^en, 
V. n. ir. to go over, pass. 

I^inunter, adv. down, downwards. 

I)im»arti3, adv. thitherwards. 

I^iniucg, add. away, over ; -mat)en, 'O. a. 
to mow away, destroy ; -ne^men, 
v. a. ir. to take away ; -rafcn, 
X. a. to snatch away, lead away ; 
-rcijjen, v. a. ir. to tear away ; 
-fpulen, T. a. to wash away ; -JDcr^ 
fen, v. a. ir. to throw away. 

l^inwenben, v. a. to turn to. 

^inwerfen, v. a. ir. to throw down. 

l^injie^en, v. a. ir. to draw towards, 
attract ; — , v. n. to march to, re- 
move to, go along. 

l^inju, adv. to, towards, up ; -fleuern, 
V. a. & n. to steer, pilot. 

^trn, n. (-eg) brain ; -ijerriicft, adj. 
brain-crazed, insane; -»erru(fenb, 

^\xX, m. (-en; 'pl. -en) herdsman, 

^irtenlog, adj. shepherdless, without 
a shepherd. 

^trlenmcibc^en, /. shepherdess. 

|>irtentlab, (-eiS ; j?^. -jldbe) shepherd's 
staflf, crook. 

^itlorie, /. ( 'igl. -n) history, story. 

^i|lorif(^, adj. historical. 

^i^e, /. (_p^. -n) heat, ardor. 

^oboe, /. {pi. -a & -n) oboe, hautboy. 

^okitl, m. (-en; yl. -en) hautboy- 

^od>, adj. high, sublime, elevated ; 
-begabt, adj. highly gifted ; -be^ 
trofcn, adj. much amazed ; -gebirge, 
n. the highlands ; -{\efubl, n. (-e5 ; 
•pi. -e) enthusiasm, high feeling ; 
-gcwolbt, adj. high-arched ; -lanfc, 
n. (-eg ; jtl. -e) upland, high 

country, highlands ; -mutt), m. 
haughtiness, pride, arrogance , 
-finnio, adj. high-minded, pious 
-ijcrrcit^cr, m. (-g) person guilty 
of high treason ; -jeit, /. ( pi. -en) 
nuptials, bridal, wedding ; -^eitg^ 
fefl, n. marriage-feast, wedding- 

^cc^Ui:^, adv. highly, greatly. 

^£>f, m. (-eg ; pi. ^ofe) yard, court- 
yard, court ; -bic^tung, /. court 
poetry ; -lagcr, n. (-g) residence 
of the court ; -Icute, pi. people 
at court, courtiers ; -flaat, m. (-eg) 
household of a court; -theater, 
n. court theater, royal theater. 

^ofen, V. n. to hope, trust, expect. 

•^offnung, /. {pi. -en) hope, expecta. 

I)offnunggIog, adj. hopeless. 

t)offnungg»oU, adj. hopeful. 

^o^e, /. {pi. -n) height, mountain, 
offing; in ber — , on high; in bie 
— , upwards. 

^^Dl)eit, /. {pi. -en) highness, eleva- 
tion, sovereignty. 

l)^^!, adj. hollow, dull, empty. 

^o^le, /. {pi. -n) hollow, cavity, 
cavern, den. [ity. 

•^o^lung, /. ( pi -en) excavation, cay- 

^o^n, m. (-eg) scorn, scoff; -lachcn, 
n. (-g) scorn ; -lac^cn, v. n. to scoff, 

^olb, adj. kind, favorable, fair, lovely. 

t)otenf V. a. to go for, come for, fetch , 
2ltl)em — , to draw breath. 

^'m, f. {pi. -n) hell. n^cll 

^oUcngeiil, m. (-eg; p.^ -cr) fiend of 

^odenglut^,/. (p^. -en) infernal glare. 

^oUenqual, /. {pi. -en) pains of hell 

^odcnrac^en, m. (-g) jaw of hell. 



^ollenreic^, n. {-ti ; pi. -e) realms of 
hell. [or hell. 

|)otIenri(^ter, m. (-^j judge of Hades 

i^olltfc^f adj. hellish, infernal. 

^olj, n. (-e^) wood. 

l^orc^en, v. n. to hearken, listen. 

^orbe, /. {pi. -n) horde, hurdle, crate. 

%mxi, v. a. & n. to hear, give ear. 

^orer, m. {-4) hearer. 

^orijont, m. {-ti>) horizon. 

$om, n. (-e^ ; pi. ^^orner) horn ; 
SBalb-, n. bugle. 

l^ornern, adj. made of horn, horny. 

^orjlf m. (-ei3; pi. -e), /. {pi. -en) 
troop, eyry, heap, tuft. 

^ofanna, Hosanna. 

^ofitc, /. {pi. -en) holy wafer, host. 

, l^itbfc^, adj. fine, handsome, pretty. 

^uf, m. {-ii ; pi. -e) hoof. 

^ugel, m. (-^) hill, hillock, knob. 

^u^n, (-ea ; pi ^it^ner) fowl, hen, 

^\X^Vi ! int. (expression of horror) 
whew I whew I 

^ulb, /. grace, favor. 

^ulbigen, v. a. to do homage. 

^ulbiguttg, /. {pl.-iXi) homage. 

l^ulbreic^, adj. gracious. [ance. 

^iilfe, /. help, aid, succor, assist- 

]&ulfIo<5, adj. helpless. 

plfreic^^ adj. obliging, ready to 
help, helpful. 

■^ulf^mittcl, n. (-^) remedy, expe- 
dient, auxiliary. [ment. 

|)uffe, /. ( yl. -n) cover, veil, integu- 

l^utten, V. a. to cover, wrap, veil. 

|)ulfe, /. {pi. -n) sheath, case, hull, 

l^uman, adj. human. [husk. 

l^umanifc^, adj. humane. 

^umanitcit, /. humanity. 

^umor, m. M) humor. 

^unb, m. (-e^; pi. -e) dog, hound. 

^unbert, n. {-i\ pi. -e); adj. hun 
dred ; -^oinbig, adj. hundred- 
handed; -mal, «<Z«. hundred times. 

^iinenfc^wert, giant's sword. 

hunger, m. (-^) hunger ; — )^abiXi, to 
be hungry. 

^ungrig, adj. hungry. [cough. 

^uj^en, m. {-^) cough ; — , v. n. to 

^ut, m. {-z^ ; pi. -^iite) hat, bonnet ; 
-ju(f er, m. loaf sugar ; 3ucEer-, m. 
loaf of sugar ; — , /. {no plural) 
heed, care, guard, protection ; auf 
ber — fein, to be on one's guard ; 
in bie — ne^nten, to take in one's 

pten, V. a. to guard, watch, keep, 
lead, feed ; — , v. r. to mind one's 

fitter, m. {-^) keeper, watch, [self. 

|>utte,/. {pi. -n) hut, cottage, smelt- 
ing-house, foundry, forge. 

^^cine, /. {pi. -n) hyena. 

.^^ntne, /. {pi -n) hymn. 

^^^ot^efe, /. pi. -n) hypothesis. 

3c^, pron. I. 

Sbeal, n. (-0; pi -c) ideal, image. 

3bee» /. {pi. -n) idea. 

i^r, i|re, i^r, pron. your, their, her. 

ittuntinirenf v. a. to illuminate, color. 

ill^rifc^, adj. illyrical. 

imnter, adv. always, ever ; -bar, -fort, 
adv. always, forever, constantly ; 
auf — t for ever. 

Smperator, m. {-i ; pi. -en) general, 
commander, emperor. 

in, prep, in, into, at. 

Sn^egrif, m. (-e^; pi -c) space, con- 
tents, essence (p. 176). 



3nBrunfli /. heat, fervor, ardor. 

inbcm, conj. while, as, when. 

iiibe^, inbcffeiu conj. in the mean 

time, meanwhile, however. 
inbifd^; adj. Indian, 
Sttbigo, m. (-^) indigo ; -Mau, adj. 

indigo blue. 
Sn^U, m. (-c^) contents ; purport, 
inne, adv. within ; -ne^men, «. a. ir. 

to be in possession of, possess ; 

-fatten, v. n. ir. to cease, stop, 

discontinue. [witliin. 

innen, adv. inside ; »ott — , from 
Snnere, 7i. the soul ; — , (ber, bie, hai) 

adj. inner, interior, 
tnner^alb, prep, within, 
innerlic^, adj. inward, internal, 
innig, adj. hearty, cordial, heartfelt, 

deepfelt, fervent, ardent. 
Snquifttion, /. inquisition, 
in^bcfonbcrc, adv. particularly. 
Snfel, /. (pi. -n) island ; -Bewo^ner, 

m. (-^) inhabitant of an island ; 

-»oIf, n. islanders. 
Snftpien, /. insignia, badges, signs. 
Snf^inft, m. (-^ ; pi. -c) instinct. 
Snjlrumcnt, n. {-ti ; pi. -c)instrument. 
Sntettigcnj, /. intelligence, 
intcnft^f adj. & adv. intensive(ly). 
Sntercffc, n. (-«) interest. 
Sntriguc, /. {pi. -n) intrigue, 
inwcnbig, adj. interior. 
Sp^isenia, /. Ipbigenia. 
irbcn, adj. earthen, 
irbifd^, adj. earthly, terrestrial, 
irgcnb, adv. any, some ; -wo, -wo^in, 

anywhere, somewhere; -Semanb, 

-(£in(cT, -Cr -i) any one, some one ; 

-ctwa^, any thing, something. 
Srrc,. /. aberration, mistaken way ; 

— , ac(j. & adv. astray, wrong; 

— gel^cn, to lose one's way, go 
astray, walk out of the right 
way ; — mac^en, to confound, dis- 
turb; — reben, to become con- 
fused, waver. 

irrcn, v. n. to err, deviate, go astray ; 
— , V. r. to commit an error. 

3rrfa§rt, /. {pi. -en) wandering, err- 
ing course. 

Srrlic^t, m. (-e^ ; pi. -er) ignis fatuus, 

3rrt^um, m. (-ed ; pi. -t^iimer) error, 
mistake. [standing. 

Strung, /. {pi. -en) error, misunder- 

Srrtocg, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) wrong way. 

ifabeHfarMg, adj. cream-colored. 

Sfegrimm, m. (-C(3 ; pi. -c) morose fel- 
low, wolf. 

ifoUrcn, v. a. to insulate, isolate. 

3frael, Israel. 

Stalicn, n. H) Italy. [ian. 

Staliener, m.; -in, /. {pi -inncn) Ital- 

ja, adv. yes, yea (often expletive). 

Sac^t, /. {pi. -en) yacht. 

3<»9fc' /• {P^- -«n) chaae, hunt, sport, 

hunting ; ttuf bie — gcl^en, to go 

hunting or shooting. 
jagen, v. a. to chase, hunt, shoot, 

drive; — , v. n. to ride, drive, 

gallop with great quickness or 

undue speed. 
3agcr, m. {-i) hunter, huntsman, 

sportsman, gamekeeper, rifleman, 

3a^r, n. (-e« ; pi. -e) year ; uUx^i —, 

a year hence ; -gelb, n. (-ed ; pi. 

-cr) pension ; -l^unbcrt/ n. (-e« ; pi 

-) century. 



mx'iQ, adj. a year old, yearly. 

3a^r(e)ajeit, /. ( pi. -en) season (year). 

3cimmer» m. {-$) misery, lamenta- 
tion ; -»ott, adj. wretched, lament- 

jammerlid^, adj. miserable. [able. 

iammtxn, v. n. & a. to lament, wail, 
excite, pity. 

Sanuar, m. {-^) January. [joice. 

jauc^jejt/ p. n. to sliout with joy, re- 

ic adv. ever, always ; — mt1^x bcjlo 
fceffer^ the more the better; — 
ijfler unb an^attenber, the oftener 
and longer (p. 103) ; »on -l^er, al- 
ways, [case. 

jebcnfaH^, adv. at all events, in any 

:ebcr, jebe, iebciS, pron. every, each ; 
-lei/ adj. of every sort ; -mam, 
pron. every one, every body ; -jeit; 
adv. always; einer jeben, each of 
them (p. 41). 

icbc^mal, adv. every time. [ever. 

jeboc^, conj. yet, nevertheless, how- 

iebtoeber; pron. each, every one. 

jeglid^er, jeglic^e, jegUc^e^, pron. every, 

itmaU, adv. ever, at any time. 

jcmanbr pron. somebody, any body. 

jencr, jene, iene<3, pron. that, the for- 
mer, the one. 

jenfeit, prep.; ienfeit^, adv. on the 
other side of, beyond. 

Serufalcm, Jerusalem. 

3efu^, Jesus. 

je^o, see it^U 

je^tf adv. now, at present ; gerabe — , 
just DOW ; U^ — , hitherto ; »on 
— an, henceforth. 

Soc^f n. (-e<3; pL -e) yoke, cross- 
ridge, beams of a bridge 

So'^ann, m. John. 

Soumal, n. (-ca ; pi. -e) journal. 

Subel, w. (-a) jubilee. 

jukln, V. n. to rejoice, shout exalt. 

Suba, m. Judas. 

3ube, m. (-n; pi. -n) Jew. 

Sugenb, /. youth ;-aUer, (-«) n. youth, 

youthful age ; -freunb, m. (-e^ ; 

pi. -e) companion of youth ; -fiille, 

/. fulness of youth, youthfulness ; 

-lanb, n. land of one's youth; 

-nac^t, /. {pi. -noic^te) night of 

youthful revelry (p. 17 1) ; -tage, 

days of youth, ardor of youth. 
jung^ adj. young, new. 
Sunge^ m. boy, apprentice ; — , n. 

(-n ; pi. -n) ; young animal. 
SungfraU/ /. {pi. -en) maid, virgin. 
iungfrautic^, adj. virgin, virgin-like. 
3ungling, m. (-(5; pi. -e) youth, 

young man, lad. 
3ungling^6U(f, m. youthful view, 

vigorous eye. 
Sungling^jeit, /. time of youth. 
iitngjl, adj. & adv. young, last, lately. 
Sunfer, m. {-^) young nobleman, 

young squire, younker. 
jufl, adv. just, but. 
Suterbof, name of a small city, with 

7,000 inhabitants (25 Engl, miles 

from Berlin). [ry. 

3utt)ele, /. {pi. -n) gem, jewel, jewel- 

^aMnett^ n. (-d ; pi. -e) closet. 
^a^tt/ m. {-ii ; pi. ^a^ne) boat, punt 
^atfer, m. (-^) emperor ; -\\^, adj. 

Ml, n. (-ea; pi MUx) calf. 
Mt, m. (-e$) lime, chalk. 
faltf adj. cold, insensible, frigid* 

-ilutifi, adj. cool, unmoved. 




Staitt, f. cold, coldness. 

^amcrab, m. (-en; pi. -en) comrade, 
companion, {vuUg.) chum. 

ilamin, n. (-c^ ; pi -c) chimney, fire- 
place; -fegcr, m. {-i) chimney- 
sweep, [crest. 

^amm, m. (-c^; pi ^amme) comb, 

fammen, v. a. to comb, dress (hair), 

hammer, /. {pi -n) chamber, (bed) 
room, apartment ; exchequer, 
board, oflBce, court ; -blener, m. 
valet ; -Q,zx\^U n. (-5 ; pi -c) su- 
preme court ; -^err, m. chamber- 

hammerer, m. chamberlain ; ®e|ei=* 
mer hammerer, privy counsellor. 

^ampf, m. (-e^ ; pi ^ampfe) combat, 
fight, struggle ; -gefc^rei, n. battle- 
cry ; -pla^, m. (-c«; pi -plci^e) field 
of battle ; -fpiel, n. bloodless 
combat ; gymnic game. 

fampfen, v. n. to fight, combat. 

^anone, /. (jp^.-n) cannon. 

^anjel, /. {pi -n) pulpit. 

^anjler, m. {-i) chancellor. 

^armcUter, m. Carmelite (monk). 

^artoffet,/. {pi -n) potato. 

^afe, m. {-i) cheese, [money-chest. 

^(ifff/ /• {pl -n) tbe treasury, 

ilafld^en, n. casket, little box or chest. 

ilaile,/. {pl-n) caste, clique ; -nwcfcn, 
n. system of caste. 

5?ajlen, m. {-4) box, chest. 

^atajlrop^e, /. {pl -n) catastrophe. 

^at^olif, m. (-en ; pl -en) Roman 

fat^oUf(^, adj. Roman Catholic. 

^at^ebrale, /. {pl -n) cathedral. 

^at^cbralfirdjc, /. cathedral. 

iJauf, m. (-€«; pl ^aufe) purchase, 
bargain ; ju — flc^fn, to be for 

sale; -mann, m. (-e$; pl -leutc) 

merchant, purchaser, 
faufen, v. a. to buy, purchase. 
.Kaufer, m. {-€) buyer, purchaser, 
faum, adv. scarcely, hardly. 
^cgelba^n, /. {pl -en) ten-pin alley. 
fid, adj. nimble, fearless, bold. 
fe^ren, v. a. to turn, sweep, brush ; 

— , V. r. fic^ an etwa^ — , to care 

for a thing, regard. 
^e^ri^t, m. (-e) sweepings ; -fa§, n. 

^eic^en, n. {-^) asthmatical affection ; 

— , V. n. to pant, gasp. [shoot, 
^eim, m. (-e^; pl -e) germ, first 
feimen, ??. w. to germinate, spring u]). 
fein» adj. no, not, any, none ; -cr, -c , 

-i^, pron. nobody, no one. 
^elc^f m. {-ti ; pl -e) cup, chalice. 
fcnnMr, adj. recognizable, distin- 
guishable, distinct, 
fennen, v. a. ir. to know, to be 

acquainted with. 
tenner, m. {-^) judge, connoisseur, 
fenntli^, adj. knowable, cognizable. 
^enntnip, /. {pl -ffe) knowledge, 
^cric^t, see ^e^ric^t. 
^erfcr, m. (-^) jail, prison, 
^erl, m. (-^ ; pl -c) person, fellow, 
.^ern, m. (-e^ ; pl -e) kernel, heart ; 

stronghold, foundation. 
^f rje, /. ( pl -n) wax light, taper. 
Alette/ /. {pl -n) chain, web ; series. 
fetten, v. a. to chain. 
^e^erci, /. {pl -en) heresy. 
feucf)cn, see fei^cn. 
5leule, /. ( pl -n) club, pestle, 
feufc^, adj. chaste, 
ilinb, n. (-e^ ; pl -er) child, infant ; 

-d^en or -lein, n. (-«) babe, baby ; 

-^cit, /. childhood ; -if*, adj. 



childish; -lid^, adj. cliild-Jike, 

^inberblid, m. child's eye or mind. 

^inber9laubc(n), m. faith, credulity 
of a child. 

finberlo^f adj. childless. [mind. 

^itiberjtnn, m. child-like, innocent 

^inberfluk, /. (pi. -n) nursery. 

Minbt^tlax^tit, f. clear-sighted, clear- 
mindedness of a child. 

^inbe^f inb, n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) grandchild. 

^ircf)e, /. (pL -n) church. 

^irc^cngefang, m. (-e^; pi. -fcinge) 
church hymn or chant, anthem. 

^irci^enfc^a^, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fc^a^e) ec- 
clesiastical treasures, church 

^irc^enfprengcl, m. diocese. [ship. 

^ird)ent|um, n. churchdom, church- 

^irc^lof, m. (-^ ; pi. -pfe) church- 
yard, [(tree). 

^ir^pf^Unbc, /. churchyard linden 

.ffirfc^e, /. ipl. -n) cherry. 

^iJTcn; n. {-i) pillow, cushion. 

^ijlc, /. {pi. -n) chest, coffer. 

^ittcl, m. (-^) frock, smock blouse. 

StlaQt, f. ( pi. -n) complaint, action 
or suit (at law). 

Ragcn» V. n. to complain of, sue (at 
law); — , -». a. to lament, complain. 

Rdglic^, adj. mournful ; pitiful. 

^lang, m. (-e^; pi. flange) sound, 
tune, clang; -Ui, adj. mute, 
soundless. [ping noise. 

Happen; V. n. to clap, make a clap- 

flappcrn, v. n. to rattle. 

^lapperroerf, n. (-eS; pi. -e) noisy 
work or mechanism. 

liar, adj. clear, bright, light, evident. 

RiOiX^iixi, f. {pi. -en) plainness, clear- 
ness, brightness, evidence. 

-^lafTc/. {pl.-n) class, caste. 
flatfd)en, 'o. n. to applaud. [talon, 
^lauc, /. {pi. -n) claw, cloven foot, 
fleben, v. n. to cleave, adhere, to be 

attached to ; — , v. a. to stick, 

paste. . [dress, 

^leib/ n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) coat, garment, 
fleiben, t>. a. to dress, clothe ; — , 

v. n. to fit, become. [clothes. 

^leibung, /. {pi. -en) clothing, dress, 
fleiitf adj. little, small, petty, minute; 

-glciubig, adj. of little faith ; -ig** 

f"t' /• {p^- -en) small matter, 

trifle; -mut:^, m. (-e^) dejection 

of spirit, despondency ; -ob, n. 

{-z^'^pl. -t, or -ten) jewel, treasure, 
flemmen, v. a. to pinch, cramp, jam. 
^lima, n. (-g ; pi. -ta) climate, clime. 
fUmmen, v. n. vr. to climb. 
^lim, /. {pi- -n) blade. [tinkle. 
Kingen, v. n. ir. to sound, resound, 
flingeln, v. n. to ring the bell, jingle, 

tingle, tinkle. 
^lippe, /. {pi. -n) cM; rock, crag. 
^lirren> n. (-a) clanking noise ; — , 

V. n. to clang, clank, click, clink. 
flopfen, V. a. to knock, tap. 
tlojler, n. {-i\ pi. ^lojler) cloister, 

^luft, /. {pi. ^liifte) cleft, gap, fissure. 
flug» adj. sensible, wise, prudent, 

skillful, shrewd, 
^lug^ett, /. wisdom, prudence. 
^naBe, m. (-n; pl.-n) boy, lad. 
^natt, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) strong, quick 

sound; clap, crack, report of a 

gun ; — unb %aVL, suddenly. 
fnatten, v. n. to crack, clap, smack. 
^ned)t, m. (-e^; pi. -e) a farmer's 

man, servant, slave, hireling; 

-fc^aft; servitude. 



^ncd^tcdf(^aar,/. {pl.-m) servant host. 

ilnec^tc^llimme,/. (pl-n) servile voice. 

i^nie, 71. (-c^ ; pi. -e) knee. 

fniccn, v. a. to kneel. 

fnirfc^cn, v. n. to gnash ; — , v. a. to 
strike together, clash. 

^no^en, m. (-^) bone ; -^anb, / ( pi. 
-^anbe) a very lean or bony hand, 
skeleton's hand ; -fc^aben, m. frac- 

ilno^pc, /. ( pi. -n) bud. 

^noten, m. (-§) knot, node ; — , v. a. 
to knot, tie. 

fnijpfenf v. a. to tie, bind. 

^D<i), m. (-eg ; pi. ^oc^e) cook. 

fo^cn, V. a. & n. to cook, boil, fer- 
ment, concoct. 

St'o^tx, m. (-^) case, quiver. 

^t^jii, f. ( pi. -n) charcoal, coal, live 

Jlo^ler, m. {-i) charcoal-burner, char- 
coal-man ;-pttCr/. charcoal-man's 
hut ; -weib, n. (-eg ; pi. -er) female 
charcoal-burner or wife of a coal- 

i^oller, m. staggers, frenzy. 

foloflat, ddj. & adv. colossal, gigantic. 

^oIo§, m. (-[fc^ ; pi. -ffe) colosse. 

loIofTalifd^, adj. colossean. 

fomifd^, adj. comic, comical. 

fommen, 'o. n. ir. to come, arrive at ; 
ju ^raftcn — , to get strength ; ju 
(Statten — , to be of use ; urn cttwad 
— , to lose a thing ; — laJTcn, to 
send for ; angelaufen, — , to come 
running ; angcfa^ren — , to come 
driving ; angcgangcn — , to come 

i^omobiant, m. (-en ; pi. -en) come- 
dian, player, actor. 

j^ijmg, m. {-{t)i\ pi. -c) king; -in, 

/. ( pi. -nen) queen ; -Wij, adj. 
royal, kingly ; -reid), n. kingdom. 

^onig^brull, monarch's breast. 

^onig^frone, /. royal crown. 

^onig^fronung, /. royal coronation. 

^iJntgSmorb, m. {-a ; pi. -e) regicide, 
crime of slaying a king. 

^onig^morbcr, m. {-i) regicide. 

^onig^faal, m. royal hall or saloon. 

^bnig^fo^n, m. king's son. 

^onig^jlamm, m. royal line, royal de- 

^onig^flabt, /. royal city. 

^onig^tod^ter, /. princess. 

^ilnig^wort, n. royal word. 

fonnen, v. a. to be able, can {see Gr. 
p. 109 ; El. p. 219). 

^opf, m. {-ti ; pi. ^ijpfe) head, mind. 

^or&, m. (-e^; pi. ^orbe) basket; 
einen — Befcmmen, to get a refusal. 

^iJrBc^cn, n. {dimin. of ^orb) small 

^orn, n. {-zi ; pi. Corner) corn, grain, 
sight (upon a gun) ; -felb, n. (-c^ ; 
pi. -er) cornfield. 

^ijrper, m. (-<§) body ; -lic^, adj. bodi- 
ly, corporal, corporeal ; -IH, adj. 

^or^p^ae, m. or f. the leader or 
chief (more particularly in the 
drama and ballet). 

Soften/ /. expenses, costs ; — , v. n. 
to cost, require ; — , v. a. to taste. 

foflUd), adj. costly, precious, excellent. 

^rad), m. (-c5 ; pi. -c) crash, crack. 

frad^en, v. n. k a. io crash, crack, 
burst or break with a crash. 

^raft, /. {pi. ^rdftc) strength, force, 
power ; -6egat)t, adj. strong, power- 
ful ; -lo^, adj. weak, feeble ; -»ott/ 
»ee fraftig. 



IxaftiQ, adj. strong, vigorous, power- 
ful, {p. n. to crow, brag. 

^a:^cn, n. crowing, bragging; — , 

if raff c, /. {pi. -n) claw, clutch, talon. 

framctt; v. u. to keep a shop, trade, 
stir, rummage. 

^rampf, m. (-e^ ; pi. ^rampfc) cramp, 
spasm ; -^aft^ adj. spasmodic. 

txant, adj. sick, ill, distempered, dis- 

!ranfcn, v. a. to vex, grieve, injure. 

^ranfenktt, n. (-e^ ; pi. -en) sick-bed. 

^ranfcn^aud, n. (-e^ ; pi. -|aufer) hos- 
pital, infirmary. 

^ranfenlager, n. (-^) see ^xanhnUtU 

^ranf^eit, /. {pi. -en) disease, malady, 
sickness, illness. [ation. 

ifranfung, /. ( pi. -en) grievance, vex- 

^xanit m. (-e^ ; pi. ^ranje) garland, 
wreath, crown. 

frau^f adj. crisp, frizzled. 

fraufelttf v. a. to crisp, frizzle. 

iSraut, n. (-e^ ; pi. ^rauter) herb, plant, 
cabbage, gunpowder. 

^rei^, m. (-fe^ ; pi. -fe) circle, orbit, 
district, sphere. 

^reujf n. (-e^; pi. -e) cross, cross- 
bar, crosswise, croup, loins, reins ; 
iikr^d — , across; -Mlb, n. cru- 
cifix ; -er, m. half penny ; -fal^rer, 
m. (-g) crusader, cruiser ; -gang, 
m. (-eS; pi. -gange) cross-walk, 
gallery (in a convent) ; -to to,, m. 
(-eg ; pi. -e) cross- way, cross-road. 

Ireujigcn, v. a. to crucify ; bag %Ui^^ 
— , to mortify the flesh. 

fric^en, v. n. ir. to creep, crawl, 
sneak, cringe. [contest. 

^rieg, m. (-eg ; 'pl. -e) war, quarrel, 

ffrieger, m. (-g) warrior. 

fr^cgerifd^, adj. warlike. 


trieg(e)gbtentl, m. (-eg ; pl. -e) mili* 
tary service. [battle-song. 

^rieg(e)ggefang, m. (-eg; pl. -fange) 

^rieg(e)ggefe^, n. martial law. 

^rieg(e)ggen?i;^I, n. tumult of war. 

^rieg(e)ggbttin, /. goddess of war. 

^rieg(e)gfun|^, /. art of war, military 
fccience. [diery. 

^neg(e)gntannfd^aft, /. {pl. -en) sol- 

^rteg(e)gmarf^, m. war-march. 

^rie9(e)gnot^, /. distress of war, ca- 
lamity of war. 

^rieg(e)gpofl,/. war-news. 

.ffrieg(e)grufm, m. glory of war. 

^rieg(e)gf{^tff, n. (-eg; pl. -e) ship of 
war, man-of-war. 

^ricg(e)gt|at, /. {pl. -en) deed of war. 

^ricg(e)gtrompetc, /. {pl. -n) war- 

i!'ne9(e)gunglutf, n. disaster of war. 

.Krie9(e)gtt)oIfe, /. {pl. -n) cloud of 
war, war-cloud. 

^rttif/ /. (;p^.-en) criticism, critique. 

fritifd^, adj. critical. 

^rofobtff, n. & m. (-eg ; pl. -c) croco- 
dile, alligator. 

.tronbebiente (ber), m. (-n; pl. -n) 
servant of the crown (royal 

^ronc, /. {pl. -n) crown, coronet. 

frbnen, ■». a. to crown. 

^roneinfunfte, /. royal revenues. 

^ronprinj^ m. (-en; pl. -en) crown- 

^ronung, /. {pl. -en) coronation. 

^ronunggornat/ n. coronation robes. 
^ronunggllabt, /. royal city, 
ilronunggjug, m. coronation march. 
^ropf, m. (-eg ; pl. ^rbpfe) crop, craw, 
goiter, wen. 





i!rumc, /. {pi. -n) crumb. 

ifrumci^cn/ n. (dimin.) little cnimb. 

frumntf adj. crooked, curved. 

^rptlatt, n. (-e^ ; pl.-i) crystal. 

IrvJIaQcn, adj. of crystal, like crystal. 

M6)i, f. (pi. -n) kitchen ; falte — . 
cold meat. 

Jliicfjenfenilcr, n. kitchen-window. 

ilui^enmagb, /. {pl.-mao^tt) kitchen- 
maid, cook. 

^ugel, /. {pi. -n) ball, bullet, shot, 
bowl, globe, globule. 

^u^, /. {pi. ^ii^e) cow. 

fu^l, adj. cool, cold. 

^ii^le, /. coolness. [cool. 

tni)Un, V. a. to cool ; — , v. n. to grow 

^ii^Iung, /. {pi. -en) coobaess, re- 
frigeration, breeze. 

fii^n, adj. bold, hardy, daring ; -^ett, 
/. boldness, hardiness, daring ; 
-lici^, adv. boldly. [tress. 

Summer, m. (-^) grief, sorrow, dis- 

fiimmerlid^, adj. distressed, needy. 

fummern, v. n. & a. to grieve, vex, 
concern ; iDa^ fummert'3 m^ ? 
what is it to me ? — (urn), v. r. to 
trouble about, to be concerned in 

lunb, adj. known ; — f^un, v. a. ir. 
to make known, inform ; -l^ax, 
adj. known, notorious ; -ig, adj. 
acquainted with a thing, inform- 
ed ; -fd^aft, /. {pi. -en) knowledge, 
acquaintance, information, cus- 
tom, testimonials. 

Bunhtpf. {pi. -n) knowledge ; news, 
intelligence ; — , m. customer. 

fiinbigcn, v. a. to give notice or 
warning to quit. [in future. 

fiinftig, adj. future ; tn'^ fiinfttge, adv. 

iJunj^, /. {pi. ^iinflc) art, science. 

trick, ingeniousness ; -blutl^c» /. 

artificial flower ; -lo^, adj. artless ; 

-rici^ter, m. (-a) critic ; -werf, n. 

(-e^ ; pl.-^) work of art. 
^iinfllcr, m. (-^) artist, artisan ; -^anb, 

/. artistic hand ; -ifd), adj. & adv. 

artistical, artistically. 
fiinilUc^, adj. artificial, clever, skilful. 
^iiper, m. (-$) cooper. 
^upfer, n. (-5) brass, copper, print. 
Puppet, /. ipl. -n) band; cupola, 

5?urfur|l, m. (-en ; pi. -en) elector, 
furj, adj. short, brief ; — , adv. short- 
ly, briefly ; — unb gut, shortly, in 

a word ; bamtt id) — ed fa^e, to say 

it (express myself) briefly (p. 91) ; 

in furjem, in a short time, shortly ; 

-miU, f. {pi. -n) pastime. 
^u§, (-ffe^ ; pi. ^iilTc) kiss, buss, 
^iiffen, n. {-^) act of kissing ; — , 

V. a. to kiss. 
^u|le, f.{pl.-n) coast, shore ; -nfa^rcr^ 

m. (-5) coaster. [riage. 

^utf^e, /. {pi. -n) coach, stage, car- 


la'^en, v. n. to refresh one's self, en- 
joy a thing, curdle with a runnot. 

CaHrint^, n. {-ti ; pi. -c) labyrinth ; 
-ifc^; adj. labyrinthian. 

Cad)e, /. {pi. -n) puddle, pool, lake, 
stagnant, dirty water. 

lad)cln, V. n. to smile. 

Iad)en, v. n. to laugh, smile ; mark or 
bark (a tree). [ludicrous. 

Iad)crli(^, adj. laughable, ridiculous, 

laben, v. a. ir. to lade, load, charge, 
summon, invite. 

2affe» m. (-n; pi. -n) fop, trifler. 



CflgCr /. {pi. -n) situation, state, con- 
dition ; lay, layer, stratum. 

£agcr, n. (-^) bed, couch, camp, en- 
campment, den, lair, stock, store, 
Btore-room ; — fc^Iagen# to en- 
camp, pitch tents. 

lagcrn, ■». a. to lay, store, encamp ; 
— , V. r. to pitch tents, encamp, 
lie down, rest. 

la^mcHf 'G. a. to lame, palsy. 

fiamnt/ n. (-e^ ; pi. Cdnimcr) lamb. 

fiampe, /. {pi. -n) lamp. 

£ant>, V. (-c3; pi. -e or Sanbcr) land, 
country ; -befi^er, m. {-4) land- 
holder, proprietor; %t^-, conti- 
nent ; -ma6(^en, n. {-i) country- 
girl ; -mann, m. (-e« ; pi. -leute) 
peasant, countryman ; -milij, / 
militia ; -f(i)aft,/. {pi. -en) province, 
landscape ; -i^ogt, m. {-ti ; pi. 
-»(igte) high bailiff, governor ; 
-tt)inb» m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) landwind. 

lanbcrlo^f adj. without land, landless. 

Sanbert^eile, /. boundary. 

Sanbc^&ruber, m. brother of the 
reigning prince. 

lanblic^, adj. provincial, rural. 

£anb«fnc(|t, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) foot-sol- 
dier, lansquenet. [tryman. 

Sanb^mann, m. (-c^ ; pi. -leute) coun- 

Sanbung, /. {pi. -en) landing, dis- 
embarkation, descent. 

lanQf adj. long, of long duration ; 
cin 3a^r — , for a year, a whole 
year ; -Bewoil^rt, adj. proved for a 
long while, well-approved ; -fam, 
adj. slow, late ; -tt)iertg, adj. last- 
ing long, wearisome. 

lange^ a(i».long,a long while ; — nic^t, 
by far not, far from. [distance. 

Si:(xx^0it, f. {pi. -n) length, longitude. 

langen, v. a. to reach, fetch ; — , v.n. 
to suffice, have enough. 

langil, adv. long ago, long since. 

Canje, /. {pi. -n) lance, spear. 

2arm, /«. (-e^); Sarmen, n. {-i) noise, 
bustle, alarm ; — fc^lagen, to 
sound an alarm. 

Idrmen, v. n. to make a noise, brawl. 

Sar\je, /. {pi. -n) mask, false face, 

laffen, v. n. & a. ir. to let, leave, per- 
mit, grant, allow, cede, get ; 
nioc^en — , to order to be made, 
get made ; gel^cn — / to allow to 
go ; Slber — , to let blood ; fomnten 
— , to send for ; — , v. n. ir. imp. 
to appear, show. 

Safl, /. {pi. -en) load, charge, burden. 

lajlen, v. n. to weigh, weigh heavy, 

2ajlcr, 72. (-^) vice, crime. [niator. 

Sdflerer, m. (-g) blasphemer, calura- 

Idflern, v. a. & n. to slander, calum- 

Cctflerung, /. {pi. -en) calumny, slan- 

fiaterne, /. {pi. -n) lantern, lamp. 

Saub, n. {-i^) foliage. 

lauern, t). n. to listen, lurk, wait. 

2auf, m. (-c^ ; pi. 2dufe) course, run, 
barrel (of a gun) ; — , m. {pi. 
Sdufte) the hind legs of the ani- 
mals of the chase. 

laufen, v. n. ir. to run, flow, leak ; 
®efa^r — , to rim a risk. 

Idugnen, n. a. to deny, disown. 

SaunCr /. {pi. -n) humor, caprice, 
temper, spleen. 

launig* adj. humorous. 

taufd^en, v. n. to listen, lurk, lounge. 

gout, m. sound ; — , adj. loud : — # 



adv. loudly, aloud ; — t prep, ac- 
cording to. 

Iauten» v. n. to sound, utter a sound. 

lautcr, adj. & adv. bright, pure, 
genuine, clean, nothing but, none 
but, only ; sincere. 

lautertt/ n. a. to clear, purify, clarify, 
refine, rectify. [sidewind, tack. 

Ia»iren» v. n. to laveer, go with a 

£eten, n. (-^) life, conduct, support; ; 
— , V. a. to live, behave ; lebe wo^If 
farewell ; ba§ feinc welc^c lebt^ let 
none of those who live {i. e. liv- 
ing language) (p. 91). 

IcknbtQr adj. alive, quick, lively. 

Scbendaltcr, n. stage of life, age. 

£cbcn^t>aum, m. {-^ ; pL -bdume) tree 
of life, arbor vitcB. 

Sct>cndbaucr, /. duration of life. 

Cekn^einric^fungr /. regulation of life. 

Ceben^frcubc, /. pleasure, joy of life. 

Iebcn^fro|>, adj. cheerful, blooming. 

Ceben^glteb, n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) vital part. 

Sekn^fraft, /. {pi. -frdfte,) vital 

lebcn^Iang, adj. & adv. for life. 

lebcn^ldngltc^r adj. & adv. through 
life. [of life, light of day. 

2cben^Uc^t, n. (-ii;pl. -er) life, light 

Cebcn<3mittelr n. (-^) food, provisions. 

2cbcn^pfab, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) path of life. 

Ceben^quell, f. {-$ ; pL -en) spring or 
source of life, fount of life. 

CebenSregel, /. {pi. -n) rule of life. 

iCebendrcgung, /. motion of life. 

Ceben^flrom, m. stream of life, course 
of life. 

Cebcnat^dtigfeit, /. activity. [soul. 

2eben«tiefe, /. depth of life, inmost 

2eben«ttorfd)nft, /. ( pi. -€n) life pat- 

leb^aft, adj. lively, sprightly, gay. 

Seb^afttgfeit, /. liveliness, vivacity. 

Sebtag, m. days of one's life, all 
one's life. [adj. & adv. leaky. 

2td, m. & n. (-eS; pi. -e) leak ; — , 

Section, /. {pi. -en) lesson. 

Sectiire, /. reading. 

Ceber» n. {-i) leather. 

lebig» adj. empty, vacant, unmar- 
ried, single. 

leer, adj. empty, void, blank ; -gc^ 
brannt, adj. burnt out. 

leeren, v a. to empty. 

legal, adj. & a<^«. legal(ly), lawful(ly). 

Cegat, m. (-en; pi. -en) legate ; — , n. 
(-e^ ; pi. -c) legacy. 

legcn, v. a. to lay, put, place ; ftd^ — , 
to lie down, take to the bed ; 
cease ; fid^ auf ttvoai — , to study, 
apply, addict, devote one's self to 
a thing ; iit cinanber — / to join. 

Cegenbe, /. {pi. -n) legend. 

Segton, /. {pi. -en) legion. 

Sel)m, m. (-ed) loam, clay. 

Sel)ne, /. ( pi. -n) support, back. 

le^nen, v. a. & n. to lean, [teaching. 

2el)rart, /. {pi. -en) profession of 

Se^re, /. {pi. -n) doctrine, dogma, 
precept, moral, apprenticeship ; 
in ber — fein, to be apprenticed. 

le^ren, v. a. to teach. [preceptor. 

Secret, m. (-^) teacher, instructor, 

fie^rgebic^t, n. didactic poem. 

Ic^rreirf), adj. instructive. 

$?c^rfprudv m. (-cd ; pi. -fprud)e) max- 
im, aphorism. 

2cib, m. (-e^; pi. -er) body, trunk, 
abdomen ; — unb Ceben, body and 
soul ; bei Seibc nid)t, on no ac- 
count ; -eigcne (ber or bie), m. & 
/. (-n; pi. -n) slave, serf, bond&- 



man, bondswoman ; -lith, n. fa- 
vorite song. 
Oeic^e, / {pi -n) dead body, corpse. 
2eic^enacfcr, m. (-^) burial-ground. 
Ictd)cnblai, adj. ss pale as death, 
kic^enfabl, adj. see letc^enbla^. 
leidjenftill; adj. as still as death. 
Md)mu^, n, {-i^ipl. -tiic^er) shroud, 

winding-sheet, pall. 
Iciest, adj. light, easy, unencum- 
bered ; — , adv. easily ; -finnig, adj. 
thoughtless, frivolous. 
£eib, n. (-e^) grief, sorrow, affliction ; 
— , adj. unpleasant, disagreeable ; 
— fein, — t^uH/ to cause sorrow, 
cause regret ; e^ ijl mir — , I am 
sorry for it ; einem etwa^ ju — {or 
£eibe) t^Utt, to hurt, injure one. 
Icibcn, 'o.a.^n. ir. to suffer, endure, 

undergo, tolerate, 
leibenb, part. & adj. passive, sick, 

suffering, afflicted. 
Ceibenfc^aft, /. {pi. -en) passion, emo- 
tion, affection. [sionate. 
leibenfc^aftUcf), adj. impassioned, pas- 
leibenfc^aft^lo^, adj. dispassionate, 
leiber ! int. alas ! unfortunately, 
let^en, v. a. ir. to lend, borrow. 
leimen, v. a. to glue, lime. [glue, 
leimig, adj. glutinous, containing 
leifc, adj. & adv. soft(ly), low, not 

loud, in a low tone. 
Iciflen, V. a. to do, make, perform, ac- 
complish ; ®efea[(^aft — , to keep 
letten, v. a. to lead, guide, conduct. 
Cciter, m. (-^) leader, guide ; — , /. 

{pi. -n) ladder, scale. 
Seitung, /. ( pi. -en) guidance, con- 
duct, [manage, govern, guide, 
lenfeitr v. a. to bend, turn, direct. 

Sen?, m. (-e« ; pi. -e) spring ; -luft, 
/. spring air. 

lernen, v. a. & n. to learn, teach. 

lefen, v. a. & n. ir. to read ; — , v. a. i^, 
to read ; gather, cull, glean. 

le^t, adj. last, ultimate, remotest. 

Seu(c), m. (-en; pL -en); (poetic for 
Sijwe) lion; -munb, m. (-e^) report. 

leuc^ten, v. n. to light, shine, lighten, 
— , v. a. to give or show light. 

leugnen, see laugnen. 

Seute, pi. persons, people, men. 

Sexifon, n. (-^; pi. -fa) lexicon, dic- 

2xd)t, n. (-e(5; pi. -e & -er) light, 
candle, candle-light, luminary; 
— , adj. light, clear, bright ; -^eff, 
adj. very bright, clear, resplen- 
dent ; -geftalt, /. form of light ; 
-punft, m. luminous point, ray (of 
hope); -wei^f adj. luminous, pure. 

lid^ten, «. a. to illuminate, lighten, 
light up, clear up ; etnen SBalb — , 
to clear a piece of land. 

(teb, adj. dear, beloved ; — l^aben, to 
love; bas? ijl mir — , I am glad of it ; 
-^aber, m. (-^); -in,/, {pi. -innen) 
lover, amateur ; -^aberci, /. ( pi. 
-en) partiality, fondness, hobby ; 
-fofen, V. a. to caress, coax ; -lic^, 
adj. lovely, delightful, charming ; 
-ling, m. (-^ ; pi. -e) favorite ; 
-lo^, adj unkind, uncharitable. 
Ciebe,/. love;-»oll, adj. affectionate, 

full of love. 
Iteben, v. a. to love, be fond of. 
lieben^wurbig, adj. amiable, loveable. 
Cteben^ttJiirbigfeit, /. {pi. -en) amiabil 

Ueber, add. rather. 
;Clebei3^rf, ra. court of love. 



£ifbe3jctd|cn» n. token of love. 
Cieb, n. (-CiJ ; pi. -er) song, hymn. 
Cicberbud), m. (-cd ; pi. -biic^er) book 

of songs, hymn-book, 
liefern, v. a. to deliver, hand ; cincm 

einc <S(i^la(|t — , to give battle, 
licgen^ v. n. ir. to lie, to be placed or 


Cieutenant, m. (-^ ; pi. -i) lieutenant, 
etlie, /. {pi. -n) lily. 
I linb, linbe, adj. soft, mild. 
' SinbC; /. {pi. -n) lime-tree, linden, 
linbern, v. a. to soften, mitigate. 
Cinie, /. ( pi. -n) line, equator. 
[ linf^ adj. left, awkward, wrong ; in 

feincr 2infen, in his left hand (p. 

78). [side. 

Iinf(3, adv. to the left, on the left 
Cinfc/ /. {pi. -n) lentil, lens, freckle. 
I gippc, /. {pi. -n) lip. 

It^pcln, V. n. to lisp, whisper, [ceit. 
Sifl» /. stratagem, art, cunning, de- 
litcrarifd), adj. literary. 
2iteratur, /. literature ; -gcfc()id^tc, /. 

literary history. 
Cob, n. (-e^) praise, commendation ; 

QJott-, God be praised ; -gefang, m. 

{pi. -gefdnge) song of praise, 
loben, V. a. to praise, laud, 
loblic!^, adj. laudable, commendable. 
!Co(fc» /. {pi. -n) lock of hair, curl. 
locfcln, V. a. to curl in ringlets, 
lorfeiir V. a. to call, allure, entice, curl, 
lorfig, adj. curled. 
Corfmann, m. allurer, tempter, 
loberri/ v. n. to blaze, bum. 
2o^n, m. & n. wages, reward, com- 
pensation, hire, fee. [pensate. 
lo^ncn, V. a. & n. to reward, com- 
Cofalitdt, /. {pi. -en) locality. 
£oo3, see £o^. 

2orbecr m. (-c^; pi. -en) laurel, bay. 

£o«, n. (-[c« ; pi. -fe) lot, chance, fate, 
lottery ticket ; — , adj. loose, quit, 
free ; -binben, v. a. to unbind ; 
-briirf en, «. a. to shoot off, fire ; 
-geben, v. a. to emancipate ; -laJTem 
t). a. ir. to let go, let loose, re- 
lease, set at liberty ; -reipen, v. a. 
ir. to tear away ; -fagen, in. n. to 
renounce ; ftc^ Jjon einer 9>erfon cbcr 
<Ba(l)e — , to give up or renounce 
a person or thing ; — fein, to be 
quit of; -werben, to get rid of; 
-minben, v. a. ir. to unwind, im- 
twist, unroll ; fid^ -wtnben »on, to 
extricate one's self from. 

lbfd)cn, V. a. to put out, extinguish, 
blot out, efface, quench, dis- 
charge (a vessel), slake (lime) ; — , 
V. n. to cease to burn. 

lofe, adj. loose, not solid, dissolute, 
vagrant, petulant. 

Sofegelb, n. (-e^; pi. -er) ransom. 

lofen, «J. n. to draw or cast lots. 

lofcn, X). a. & r. to liberate, loose, 
loosen, deliver, dissolve, solve. 

Cofung, /. {pi. -en) mark, signal, 
watch- word, sign, battle-cry. 

'il'mt, m. {~Xi\ pi. -n) lion. 

Sowenmutter, /. lioness, lion-mother. 

lijwen^erjtg, adj. lion-hearted. 

Sub erf, Lubec (one of the free Han- 
seatic cities of Germany, is situat- 
ed on the river Trave, two miles 
from the Baltic, and has 44,000 

Cuft, / {pi. Ciifte) air, breeze, atmo- 
sphere ; — madben, to give air, 
give vent; -fcblop, n. {-ii\ pi. 
-fitlolTer) air-castle ; in ben Siiftcni 
in the air. 



Siige, /. ( pi. -n) lie, falsehood. 

lugen, V. a. ir. to lie, utter a false- 
hood; — fhafeitr to accuse of 
lying, give the lie; -^aft, adj. 
lying, false. 

gitgner, m. (-«); -in,/. (j??.-nen)liar. 

2um^, m. (-^); Sumjjcn,/. rag, tatter. 

2una, /. (5^671. 2unen^) moon. 

Cufl, /. ( j?^. Siijle) enjoyment, pleas- 
ure, delight ; desire, mind, lust ; 
-fc^loi, ^- (-ITc^ ; i??. -fc^loffer) villa ; 
-fpicl, ». (-e^; pi. -c) comedy; 
— ^atCHf to desire, have a mind ; 
-roanbcln, v. a. to take a walk, 

luflc(r)n, V. n. to lust after, desire ; — , 
adj. lusting after, desirous, eager. 

lujlig, adj. gay, merry, jocose, droll ; 
(li^ — ma^en, to be gay, be cheer- 
ful ; fic^ — mac^en iiber, to make 
merry, make fun of. 

I^rifc^, adj. lyric. 


madden, ?>. a. to make, do, operate ; 

— laJTctt/ to cause to be made, 
have made, get made ; ftc^ nic^t^ 
barau^ — , not to care for it ; wad 

— <Sie ? (iJtf ?5r.) how do you do ? 
ju ®clbc — , to turn to money. 

5Kac^t, /. (pZ. ^Wac^te) might, power ; 

-tDort, n. (-cd; j)Z. -e) energetic 

word, word of command. 
tnd^tig, adj. mighty, powerful. 
SWibc^en, n. (-3) maid(en), girl, lass ; 

-^aft, adj. maidenly ; -fi^ulc, /. 

( pi. -n) school for girls, academy 

for young ladies. 
5Wabe, /. {pi. -n) maggot, mite. 

5Wabeira, or SWabera, Madeira (th6 
isle) ; -Juein, Madeira wine. 

fKagajin, n. (-ed j pi. -e) magazine, 

2^'^6^' /. {pi. SKagbe) maidservant. 

^WagiCf /. magic, sorcery, black art. 

StaQtcr, m. {-i) magician. 

magifc^, adj. magical, magic. 

SJiagifler, m. (-d) master of arts. 

SJ^agijlratdperfon, /. {pi. -en) magis- 
trate, [loadstone. 

^Wagnct; m. (-en; j9?. -e) magnet, 

9}?a^l, w. (-e(3; pi. 2)iaf)ler) meal, re- 

ma^len, v. a. to grind, [past ; mark. 

maljnen, '». a. to remind, claim a debt 
from a person, dun. 

?!J?dt)re, f.{pl. -n) tale, news, tidings, 

9)Jd^TC^en, n. {-i) tale, fable, [story. 

Wia^xin, Moravia (a very densely 
settled province in Austria, has 
nearly two millions of inhabi- 
tants, three-fourths Sclavonians, 
and one-fourth Germans). 

Wiax, m. (-ed ; j>Z. -e & -en) May ; -en* 
nac^t, /. May-night; -engliidf, n. 
spring joy. 

5Kajefldt, /. {pi. -en) majesty. 

majefldtifc^, adj. majestic, majesticaL 

SWaior, m. {-^ ; pi. -e) major ; -flette, 
major's commission. 

9)?ajoritdt, /. (^^. -en) eldership, right 
of primogeniture, estate attached 
to the right of primogeniture. 

9)Zctfrofodntud, m. macrocosm (the uni- 
verse at large, opjxjsite of micro^ 
cosm, the little world or man). 

Wlal, n. mark, sign, token ; spot ; 
time; ein-, once; jnjei-, twice; 
brei-, three times. [tray. 

malen, v. a. to paint, delineate, por- 

'^\ikxi\,f.{pl. -en) painting, pictures. 



IWamfett, / {pi -<n) miss. 

man, pron. one, they, men, people. 

man^(er, -c, -i), pron. many a ; pL 
some, several ; many. 

man(|erki, adj. several sorts, divers. 

man6)ma\, adv. sometimes. 

^Kanbcl, /. (pi. -n) mangle, almond. 

2)Zan9C, SJiangeL see 3)Janbcl. 

3Jiani^eU m. (-e; pi. ^Jldngcl) want, 
deficiency, imperfection, indi- 
gence, scarcity, penury, poverty. 

ntangcin, v. a. to mangle ; v. n. & a. 
imp. to be wanting, fail, lack. 

SWanier, /. (pi. -en) manner, fashion. 

^am, m. (-e^; pi. Wliirmtx) man, 
person, husband ; -^aft, adj. man- 
ly, stout ; -fd)aft,/. (^^.-cn) crew, 
troops; -fucf)t, /. longing after 
man or for male society. 

2l?annd)en» 7i. (-^) dimin. of man. 

2)?dnnerUebe, /. love of men. • 

5Dldnncrfd)lad)t,/. strife of men. 

SWannediTtttrbe,/ manly dignity, valor. 

mannigfad), adj, various, different. 

mannigfalttc;, adj. manifold, multi- 
farious, many-sided, varied, [ly. 

mdnnlic^> adj. masculine, male, man- 

?WdnnUc^feit, /. manliness, virility. 

SWannSrocf, m. {-tiypl. -rocfe) man's 

5Jiann$jud)t, /. discipline. [coat. 

!WantcI, m. {-i ; pi. 5WdnteI) mantle, 
cloak, gown. 

2)?drc^en, n. (-d) tale, story, fairy 
tale, ghost-story. 

§W.uic, /. Mary. 

Wiaxl, n. (-c^) marrow, pith : -(c),/. 
{pi. -en) mark, weiglit or coin, 
boundary, limit, end (48). 

morfiren, v. a. to mark, distinguish 
the tone by accent or emphatic 

?Warft, m. {-ti ; pi. 9)?drfte) market, 
fair, market-place. 

5Warfc^, m. (-e3; pi. ?Wdrfc^e) march. 

SKarfc&all, m. (-«; pi. -fd)dlle) mar- 
shal J -gflab, m. (-cd ; pi. -fldbe) 
marshal's staff. 

^Wartev, /. torment, torture. 

3)?artern, n. (-^) tormenting, tortur- 
ing ; — , V. a. to torment, rack. 

?Kaofe, /. {pi. -n) mask. 

3)?a§, 71. (-cd; pi. -e) measure; eirt 
— SBein, a quart of wine. 

3JZafTe, /. {pi -n) mass, bulk. 

ma§en, conj. {dbsol.) because, as. 

mdpig^ adj. moderate, temperate. 

9)?d§i9feit, /. moderation, abstinence, 
temperance. [ance. 

^Jidgigung, /. moderation, temper- 

2)?aterie, /. {pi -n) matter, material 

9)Zat{)ematif, /. mathematics. 

mat^emattfd), adj. mathematical. 

matt, adj. tired, weary, feeble, faint. 

3)Jatte, /. {pi. -n) mat, curds, mead- 
ow, [haustion. 

2J?attigfclt, /. faintness, debility, ex- 

5)iaucr, /. {pi -n) wall ; -loc^, n. a 
hole in a wall ; -n:»erf, n. walling, 
masonry, brickwork. 

?WauIn)urf, m. (-c^ ; pi. -iriirfe) mole. 

3Kaulnjurf^gang, m. (-C(3; pi -gdnge) 

?Wau(?, /. {pi 2)?dufc) mouse, muscle 
on either side of a horse's nose. 

?Wdu<3c^en, dimin. of 2Hau<3. 

fWarim, n. {jil -c) maxim. 

i 'Kcbicin, /. {pi. -en) medicine, physia 

■ ^]UZeer, n. (-e5; pi. -c) sea, ocean; 

I -bufen, m. {-i) bay, gulf; -waffcti 

j n. sea- water, brine. 

I 3JZeered.irm, m. (-c(3 ; ;>?. - 1) strait 

i channel of the sea. 



SWeereSf^iif/ n. sea-vessel, sea-boat. 

SKegdre, /. {pi. -n) 7nyth. Megiera 
(or.e of the three Greek furies of 
the lower world) ; jig. shrew. 

mc^x, adj. & adv. more ; -fac^, adj. 
& adv. manifold, several times, 
sundry, divers; ^liicmanb — , no- 
body else. 

me^rcn, v. a. to augment, increase ; 
— , v. r. to multiply. 

ttte^rent^eil^, adv. for the most part. 

met)re(re), adv. several. 

meiben, v. a. ir. to avoid, shun. 

3)?cilc, /. {pi. -n) mile (German = 
4X Engl, miles) ; meilenlang, adv. 
for miles. 

mein, meine, mein, pron. my, mine. 

me inert, ■». n. to intend, think, pre- 
sume, imagine, mean. 

meinettx>egenf meinet^alkn, adv. on my 
account, for my sake, for my part. 

SDIetnung, /. {pi. -en) meaning, opin- 
ion, [adv. most, mostly. 

nteijl, adj. most ; almost ; om meijlen, 

metf!en(3, adv. most, mostly. 

SKeifler, m. (-^) master ; -fc^u§, m. 
capital, splendid, unsurpassed 
shot ; -ftMt n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) master- 

nteiflernr v. a. to master, govern. 

ntelben, v. a. to announce, make 
known, mention ; ftc^ — laffen, to 
send in one's name. 

SWelbung, /. {pi. -n) mention, an- 
nouncing, announcement. 

melfen. v. a. ir. to milk. 

SWelobie, /. {pi. -xi) melody, tune. 

melobifc^, adj. melodious. 

Wtvxmt, f.{pl. -n) coward, poltroon. 

SPlenge, /. ( pi. -n) multitude, plenty, 
crowd, throng. 

2)Zenf(^, m. (-en; pi. -«t)man, person, 
human being ; — , n. (-ed ; pi. 
-er) low female, wench ; -^eit, /. 
humanity, human race, human 
state ; -li(^, adj. human, humane ; 
-Ii(|fett, /. humanity. 

tticnfc^end^nlic^, adj. & adv. like man. 

^Kenfc^enfreunb, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) phil 
anthropist. [man race, mankind. 

SJienfc^engefc^IecIt, n. (-e^; pi. -er) hu- 

SJlenfctiengeflalt, /. human shape or 
figure. [man's hand. 

3)ienfc^en^anb, /. human hand, a 

2)ienfd^en^erj, n. (-en^) human heart 
or soul. 

Wltnlii^tnUhtn, n. human life. 

2Jlenf(^enliek, /. philanthropy, be- 

menfc^enloiS, adj. deserted by men. 

9)?enfc^enre(|t, n. right of man, of 
humanity, of nature. [large). 

9)?enfc^enret(^, n. human society (at 

menf(|enfi^eUf adj. shunning hmnan 
beings, shyness. 

9)?enfc^enfeele, /. human soul. 

SJJenfc^enjltmme, /. {pi. -n) human 
voice. [derstanding. 

9)Jenfd)en»erjlanb, m. (-e^) human un- 

9)?enfc^enweife, /. way or manner of 
men. [human ingenuity. 

9Jlenfc^entt)l^f m. (-e^) human wit, 

9)lenfd)enn)urbe, /. the dignity of 
human nature, [dignity of man. 

menfc^enwiirbig, adj worthy of the 

merfen, v. a. to notice, mark, per- 
ceive ; fi(^ — lajTen, to give to 

nterfwurbig, adj. remarkable. 

^t\\i, f. {pi. -n) mass, fair ; — lefen, 
to say mass. [knife. 

'DZeffer, m. {-i) measurer ; — , n. (-S) 




SWciJiad, m. Messiah. 

Tlitaii, n. (-5; pi. -e) metal, brass. 

metallen/ adj. niado of metal, metal- 

9)?et^obc, /. {pi. -n) method. 

met^obifc^, adj. methodical. 

SDieuc^elmorbcr, m. {-i) assassin, 

3)ltene, /. {pi. -n) mien, look ; — 
mac^en, to pretend. 

m\\(ij, f. milk, milt (of fishes). 

milb(c), adj. mild, soft, kind, p^entle. 

2)?ilbe, /. mildness, softness, charity. 

milbern, v. a. to soften, mitigate, 

milbtglic^r adj. mildly, charitable. 

SWillioti, /. {pi. -en) million. 

minber, adj. less, smaller. 

^Kinberia^rigfeit, /. minority. 

minbcrn, v. a. to diminish, lessen. 

3JZmi|lcr, m. {-i) minister. 

SKinne, /, see Siebc. 

2)iinute, /. {pi. -n) minute. 

mifant^ropifc^^ adj. misanthropical. 

mifd)en, v. a. to mix, mingle ; — , v. r. 
to interpose, 

SWifc^ung, /. {pi. -en) mixture, mix- 
tion, mingling, combination. 

jni§ = prefix {see Gr. Less. 34 ; El, 
p. 229) ; has the same force as 
the English prefix misg. 

mi§brau(^en, jy. a. to abuse, 

mi§beuten, u. a. to misinterpret. 

SWipbcutung, /. {pi. -en) misinterpre- 
tation, misconstruction, misrep- 

miffen, v. n. to miss, perceive the 
want of, to be without. 

2)Zi|Tet^at, /. {pi. -en) misdeed, 

mipfdllig, adj. displeasing. 

miHgeboren, adj. misbegotten, 

SP?iBgefd)icf, m. {-ti) adverse fate. 

mi^tjiinilig, adj. enviaus, jealous. 

mipUngen, v. n. ir. not to succeed, to 

2)ii|3ton, m. (-e^ ; pL -toia) false sound. 

5Wititrauen, n. (-0) misii uat ; — , v. a. 
to distrust. 

2)?iilttertlanbntp, n. (-ffe^ ; pi. -\\i) mi&. 

mi§»erfte^en, -». a. ir. to misunder- 
stand, mistake. 

mi, prep, with, by, at, on, to, along 
with ; -unttr, sometimes. 

SWitbewerber, m. {-i) competitor. 

mitbringen, v. a. ir. to bring along. 

mtteinanber, adv. together. 

3)Zit9cfiiblf n. {-i) sympathy. 

mitge^en, v. n. ir. to go along with, 
accompany. [with others. 

mitgeniepen, v. a. & n. ir. to enjoy 

2Witgeno§, m. (-ffe^ ; pi. -ffcn) copart- 
ner, associate. [member. 

3)?itgUcb, n. {-ti ; pi. -cr) (fellow-) 

mitbin, conj. therefore, consequently. 

5Kitleiben, n. (-e) compassion, pity, 

mitleibig, adj. compassionate. 

mitnebmcn, v, a. ir. to take along ; — ^ 
V. a. to wear out. 

mitrufen, v. a. ir. to join in the cry. 

mttfc^ulbig, adj. accessory. 

']0?ittag, m. {-i pi. -e) mid-day, noon, 
south. [Sea. 

5Wittag<3meer, n. (-e«) Mediterranean 

^DUttag^cffcn, n. (-^) dinner, 

2Witte, /, {pi. -n) middle, midst, 

3)?ittel, n. (-5) medium, means, 
remedy ; ind — trcten, to step forth, 
interfere ; ind — fcl)lagcn, to inter- 
pose, intercede, mediate ; -alter, 
n. (-^) middle ages ; -altcrlicb, adj, 
pertaining to tlic middle ages; 



-punft, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) point, focus, 

centre. [agent, intercessor. 

2Rittel^perfon, /. {pi. -en) mediator, 

tttitten, adv. in the midst ; -brauf, 

in the middle or centre of it ; 

-innen, -unter, in the midst of, 

3)iitternac^t, /. {pi. -nad^te) midnight, 
ttiitt^eilenr v. a. to give a share of, 

WlxlWtx, m. (-^) mediator ; — , adj. 

middle. [fellow-conspirator. 

9^iti)erfd^worenc (ber), m. (-n; pi. -n) 
SWit»ivfcn» n. {-i) co-operation ; — , 

X. n. to co-operate. 
^Ritwirfung, /. {pi. -en) co-operation, 
ciobelnf V. n. to mould ; model. 
SWober, m. {-^) mud, mould ; decay, 
mogen, v. n. ir. {see Gr. p. 120 ; El. 

p. 219). 
mijglic^, adj. possible, feasible. 
SWoment, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) moment, 

period, momentum, force. 
SWonarc^, m. (-en; pi. -en) monarch. 
SJJonarc^ie, /. {pi. -en) monarchy. 
SWonat, m. (-e^ ; pi. -t) month ; -U^, 

adj. monthly. 
SWiJnc^, m. {-ti, pi. -e) monk. 
SWiJnci^dfertigfeit, /. {pi. -en) monk's 

quickness, readiness. 
SWonb, m. (-:^; pi. -e) moon; -lid^t, 

71. (-e^) moonlight ; -fc^eikf /. {pi. 

-n) disk of the moon ; -(en)f(^ein, 

m. (-e^) moonshine, moonlight. 
SWonbenglanj, m. brightness of the 

SKonbenja^r, n. (-c^; pi. -e) lunar year. 
9)?onbenf(!^immer, m. (-g) glimmering 

light of the moon. 
SKonumcnt, n. (-c(? ; pi. -e) monument. 
SKoo3, n. (-fcg) mosa 

SWo))^, m. (-fe« ; pi. 2)^opfe) pug-dog 
SWoralf /. moral, morals, 
moralifc^i adj. moral, 
moralifiren, v. n. to moralize. 
SWorb, m. (-e^ ]pl. -e) murder ; -begic" 
rig^ adj. bloodthirsty, murderous ; 
-gebanfe, m. murderous thought ; 
-gefc^rei, n. {-i^\ pi. -e) cry of 
murder ; -gewe^r, n. {-ti ; pi. -e) 
murderous weapon ; -gewo^nt, adj. 
accustomed to murder, murder- 
ous ; -lujl, -fuc^t, /. thirst for 
blood, murderous pleasure, de- 
structiveness, delight in cruelty ; 
-\d)\<x^\.t /. murderous battle, san- 
guiuary fight, bloody battle ; 
-fla^l, m. (-e) murderous steel, 
dagger. [sassinate. 

morben, v. a. & n. to murder, as- 
3)Zorber# m. (-5) murderer, assassin. 
morberlf(^, adj. murderous. 
morberlid), adj. murderous, vehement. 
2J?orgen, m. (-d) morning ; acre ; — , 
— , adv. to-morrow ; -gang, m. 
morning-walk , -gebct, n. (-e^ ; 
pi. -e) morning-prayer; -gefang, 
m. (-e<3 ; pi. -fdnge) morning-song, 
morning-psalm or hymn, mat- 
ins ; -lanb^ n. (-e^) orient, east ; 
-lieb; n. (-eg ; pi. -er) matin-song, 
morning-song -rotl^, n. {-i) dawn 
of day, morning-red ; -rot^e, /. 
aurora, dawn ; -f(^ein, m. dawn, 
day ' break, morning - twilight ; 
-fonne, /. morning-sun ; -jlunbc, 
/. {pi. -en) morning-hour ; -t^aUf 
m. (-eg) morning-dew. [man. 
5Wogtem, m. {pi. SHoglcmin) Mussul- 
3)?otte, /. {pi. -n) moth. 
3notten»cIt, /. {fig) earth. 
mube» adj. weary, tired, fatigued 



Ku^e, /. (pi. -n) trouble, pains. 

mu^en, v. a. to trouble ; — , v. r. to 
trouble one's self. 

SKu^le, /. ipl. -n) mill. 

mu^fanif adj. troublesome, vexatious, 
annoying ; careful, with skill. 

SKunb, m. (-cd; jyl. 2}?unbe) mouth, 
orifice ; feincn — ^alten, to keep a 
secret ; -art, /. dialect. 

SKunbung,/. (pi. -en) mouth, muzzle. 

muntcr, adj. awake, lively. [mint. 

SKunjc, /. {pi. -en) coin, coinage; 

miinjen# v. a. to mint, coin. [ter, 

murmela/ v. a. & n. to murmur, mut- 

murrcn, v. n. to grumble, growl, 

miirrifc^, adj. morose. [snarl. 

5Wufe, /. ( pi. -n) muse. 

SKufclmann, m. (-ed ; pi. -mcinncr) Mo- 
hammedan, Mussulman. 

SWufeum, n.{-i ; pi. 2)iufccn) museum. 

SWuftf, /. music. 

SKudfel/ m. (-^ ; pi. -n) muscle. 

muffen, v. n. ir. {see Gr. p. 119, § 56 ; 
El. p. 219). [to be idle. 

mu^ig, adj. unemployed, idle ; -ge^cn> 

SRutlcr, n. (-^) pattern, model, ex- 
ample ; -rollc, /. {pi. -n) muster- 
roll ; -rung, /. mustering. 

ntuflern, v. a. to review, muster, ex- 

m. {-t^) spirit, courage ; -ig, 
adj. courageous ; — faffen, to take 
heart ; — nta(I)cn, to encourage ; 
-»oII» adj. full of courage ; -tuiUig, 
adj. & adv. wanton(ly), malicious- 


shutter, /. {pi 2niittcr) mother ; old 
woman ; -brufl, /. {pi. -briiftc) ma- 
ternal bosom ; -gotte^btlb, n. { e^; 
pi. -cr) image of the Virgin ; -gabc, 
/. {pi. -n) maternal talent, ma- 

ternal gift ; -^crj, n. (-en^ ; pi. -en) 
maternal heart ; -^iiUe,/ motherly 
care ; -leib, m. (-e^ ; pi. -cr) womb ; 
-fc^o^, m. mother's lap. [ter. 

SKutter(^en, ?Wutterlein, dimin. oi^XLi" 

miitterlic^, adj. motherly. 

■Wprrbe, /. myrrh. 

5)?^rt:^e, /. {j)l. -n) myrtle. 

2)?!9Jltci^mu^, m. mysticism. 

nac^/ prep. & adv. after, next, je- 
hind, for, to ; — unb — , by degrees ; 
-al;men, v. a. to imitate ; -a^mcr, 
m. {-^) imitator ; -a^mung, /. ( pi. 
-en) imitation ; -arbciten, v. n. to 
work after, imitate ; -beten, v. a. 
to repeat after, pray after ; -bilben, 
V. a. to copy ; -bem, adv. after- 
wards, after that ; -bent, conj. after 
(that), when ; -benfcn, v. n. ir. to 
reflect, meditate ; -eifern, v. n. to 
emulate ; -folgen, v. n. to follow, 
succeed ; -folger, m. {-i) follower, 
successor ; -forfc^en, v. n. to in- 
quire into; -forfdjung, /. {pi. -en) 
search, inquiry ; -fragen, v. n. to 
inquire after, ask : -geben, v. a. ir. 
to give after, yield; v. n. to re- 
lax, give up, yield, cease resist- 
ing, concede, comply ; -gel)en, v. n. 
ir. to go after ; -ber(ig), adj. & 
adv. done after, subsequent(ly) ; 
-;agcn, v. n. to pursue ; -fomme, m. 
(-n ; pi. -n) descendant, successor, 
progeny, posterity, offspriAg ; 
-f I m ncn, v. n. ir. to come after, per- 
form ; -ric^t, /. {pi. -en) account, 
advice, notice, message, informa- 
tion, news; -ruf, m. (-c^; pi. -c) 



after-call, report ; -fi^teBen, v. a. 
& n. to shoot after, make a sec- 
ond advance, rusli after ; -fel^eH/ 
V. n. ir. to look after ; v. a. 
to overlook, pardon ; -fid)t> /. for- 
bearance, indulgence ; -firemen, v. 
a. to emulate zealously ; -tragen, 
'0. a. ir. to carry or bear after, 
bear a grudge, add, supply ; -tre^ 
ten, V. a. ir. to follow; -tceifen/ 
v. a. ir. to point out ; -ttselt, /. 
posterity; -jie^em 'W. a. ir. to 
draw after, trace ; -». n. to marcb 
go after, entail. 

SiJac^bar, n. (-^; pi. -n & -en); -in, 
/. {pi. -nen) neighbor; -lid}, adj. 
neighborly ; -fi^aft, /. neigbbor- 

^a^tn, m. (-^) boat, skiflf. [hood. 

nac^ll, adj. next; — , {superlat. of 
na^e) the nearest; -\it^tnh, adj. 
nearest ; — , prep, next to ; -e, 
{iised as noun) fellow-creatures, 

nac())leni3, a^v. shortly, soon, at the 
next opportunity. 

^a^U f. {pi m^tt) night ; M — , 
at night ; -ntu^e, /. {pi. -n) night- 
cap ; -toanbeln, v. n. to somnam- 
bulate, walk in one's sleep; 
-toanberer, m. (-$) somnambulist. 

Sfiac^tigatt, /. ( pi. -en) nightingale. 

nac^tlic^, adj. nightly, nocturnal. 

^Oidzn, m. (-^) neck, nape, back. 

natfenb, see nacft. 

narft, adj. naked, bare. 

nagen, v. a. & n. to gnaw. 

na:^(e), adj. nigh, near, close (to). 

9'ia^c, /. nearness, proximity. 

na^en, v. n. & r. to approach, draw 

nct^en, v. a. to sew. [near. 

nci^ern, v. a. to bring near ; — , v. r. 

to approach, draw near, approx- 

ua^ren, v. a. to support, afford nour- 
ishment, nourish, feed ; — , n. r. 
to gain a livelihood. [hood. 

9k^rung/ /. nourishment, food, liveli- 

9'Ja^rung^trieb. m. the instinct to pro- 
vide one's sustenance of life. 

9?ame(n), m. (-n6 ; pi. -n) name. 

namenlo^, adj. nameless. 

namlici^, adv. as follows, to wit ; — t 

S'Jarciffe/ /. {pi. -n) narcissus. 

9?arr, m. (-en; pi. -en); 9Zarrin, /. 
{pi. -nen) fool ; -^eit, /. {pi. -en) 
foolishness, folly. 

S'Jarrc^en, n. {~^) dimin. of 9^arr. 

narren, t). n. to jest ; — , «. a. to fool, 
make a fool of, play upon. 

9Zarrenfomg, m. (-$ ; pi. -t) king of 
fools. [pery, buffoonery. 

S^arref^ei, /. {pi. -en) foolery, fop- 

narrtfc^, adj. foolish, mad, ridiculous. 

9?afe, /. {pi. -n) nose. 

S'Zafenloi^, n. (-e«3 ; pi -lod)cr) nostril. 

m^, adj. wet, humid, moist ; — 
mac^en, to moisten (22). 

S'jQJye, /. wetness, humidity. 

naiJen, v. a. to wet, moisten. 

nd^Iic^, adj. somewhat wet, damp. 

^Oi% f. ( pi ^Hi^t) seam, suture. 

9?ation, /. {pl.-zx() nation. 

national, adj. national ; — , adv. na- 
tionally ; -bid)tun3, /. {pi -en) na- 
tional poetry ; -tl^eater, n. nation- 
al theater. 

^iatur, /. nature ; -gefu'^I, n. (-3 ; pi -e) 
natural feeling ; -tunbig, adj. ac- 
quainted with nature {used o,s 
noun), natural philosopher ; -\d]{U 
berun3, /. {pi -en) description of l 


nature, delineation of nature ; 
-fpmboUf, /. natural knowledge of 
symbols ; eine ^immlifc^e — , a ce- 
lestial nature, i. e. being (109). 

JWturli*^, adj. natural, native, in- 

SRebtl, m. {-i) fog, mist ; -berg, m. a 
misty mountain ; -j^retf, m. a 
streak of fog, mist ; -toinb, m. a 
damp, misty wind. 

nckitf prep, beside, besides, near, 
close to ; -begriff, m. {-ii ; pi. -e) 
subordinate idea, side-issue; -figur, 
/. subordinate figure ; -linic, /. 
collateral line. 

9?effc, m. (-n; pi. -n) nephew. 

Sieger, m. (-^) negro. 

ne^mcn, v. a. ir. & r. to take, cap- 
ture, assume (a position) ; etnen 
Slnfang — ; to begin ; cin Snbc — , 
to terminate ; ju fid^ — , to take 
(food, &c.) ; take under one's care 

ne^nUid), see n(3imlic^. [(of person). 

9?cib, m. (-e«) envy. 

neibifc^, adj. envious, jealous. 

neigen, v. a. to incline, bend ; — , 
V. r. to make a bow, courtesy, 
approach to. 

Stetgung, /. ipl. -en) inclination, dis- 
position, affection, desire. 

neitt, adv. no, nay. [nominate. 

nennertf v. a. ir. to call, name, de- 

?Rennung, /. {pi. -«t) palling, denom- 
ination, mentioning. 

S'iercibe, /. {pi. -n) myth. Nereid (sea- 
nymph, daughter of Nereus, an 
ancient sea-god of the Greeks, 
father of fifty daughters). 

SJerv, m. (-en; pi. -en) nerve. 

S'Jertten^eber, n. (-«) typhoid fever. 

VitXX, a(^. neat, genteel. 

^t^, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) net, caul. 

ne^en, «. a. to wet, moisten. 

neu, adj. new, fresh ; auf^ 9?euCf or 
son Sieuem, anew, afresh again ; 
-geboren, adj. new-born ; -gefd)mudt, 
adj. newly dressed ; -glu^enb, adj. 
glowing; -ja^r, n. (-^; pi. -e) 
New-year ; -ja^rigtag, m. (-c^ ; pi. 
-e) New-year's day ; -ia^rdna^t, /. 
{pi. -nac^te) New-year's night or 

ntnn, adj. nine. [eve. 

nici^t, adv. not ; ju S'lic^te mad)cn, to 
annihilate ; mit SZid^ten, not at all, 
in no wise, by no means. 

S'Jid^te, /. {pi. -n) niece. 

nic^t^, adv. nothing; -wurbig, adj. 
contemptible, vile, frivolous. 

nicf en, v. n. to nod. 

nie, adv. never. 

nieber, adj. low, lower, inferior ; — , 
adv. low, down ; -Mi^en, v. n. to 
strike down ; -t»rennen, v. a. & n. 
to bum down, destroy by fire; 
-bringen, v. a. ir. to bring down ; 
-beutfd^, adj. & n. low German ; 
-fallen, v. n. ir. to fall down ; 
-flie^en, v. n. ir. to flow down ; 
gel^en, v. n. ir. to go down, set ; 
-gefc^Iagen, adj. dejected, low- 
spirited ; -gefc^rieben, adj. written 
down; -^auen, v. a. ir. to hew 
down, cut down ; -fnteen, v. n. to 
kneel down ; -lage, /. {pi. -n) de- 
feat ; warehouse, depot ; -lanb, n. 
{-ii) kingdom of the Netherlands ; 
laffen, v. a. ir. to let down ; -lafTen, 
V. r. to let one's self down, set- 
tle ; recline ; -legen, v. a. to lay 
down, deposit ; v. r. to lie down, 
go to bed ; -liegen, v. n. ir. to lie 
prostrate, be ill ; -ma^en, v. a. to 



mow down ; -rcilTen, v. a. ir. to 
tear down ; -fc^tagen, v. a. ir. to 
strike, beat or cast down, depress, 
deject, precipitate ; -fc^lagciif v. n. 
to fall down heavily ; -jlopen, 
V. a. ir. to push down, strike 
down ; -trdc^tigr adj. low, mean, 
abject ; -xotxftn, 'd. a. ir. to throw 
down, cast to the ground. 

nieblif^, adj. neat, nice, elegant. 

niebrig, adj. low, base, mean, in- 
ferior ; -feit, /. (pl.-tn) lowness, 
baseness, meanness. 

ntemal^, adv. never, at no time. 

S^Zientanb, pron. nobody, no one. 

fftil, m. Nile ; -pferb, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) 
hippopotamus ; -fc^lamm, m. (-c^) 
deposit of the Nile (river). 

nimmer, adv. never ; -me^r, adv. never 
more, never, by no means. 

nirgenb, nirgenbsJ, adv. nowhere. 

nillen, v. n. to nest, nestle. 

XiO^, conj. still, yet, as yet, besides ; 

— cinmal, once more ; tt)eber . . . 

— . . ., neither . . . nor , . . 
9?onne, /. pi. nun. 

SiiorbCen), m. {-i) north ; -ifc^, norbltd), 
adj. northern, northerly ; -pol, m. 
(-e^) north-pole ; -fee, /. North sea 
(German ocean) ; -fecfiiile, /. coast 
of the German ocean ; -winb, m. 
(-c^ ; pi. -e) north-wind ; -flerit, m. 
(-e^ ; pi. -) north-star, polar-star. 

IRot^, /. need, necessity, distress ; 
— , adj. needful, necessary ; — 
t^un, to be necessary; -burft, n. 
want, need ; -burftig, adj. scanty, 
needy ; -wenbig, adj. necessary ; 
-wenbtgfeit, /. {pi. -en) necessity. 

nof^igf adj. necessary ; — l^aben, to 
want, to be in need of. 

notl^igcn, v. a. to necessitate, compel 

nuc^tern, adj. sober, fasting. 

^Rummer, /. {pi. -n) number. 

nun, adv. & int. now, at present, 
well ! -me^r, adv. now. 

ttur, adj. only, but ; — , conj. but ; 
— lauter, nothing but ; with ad- 
verbs and pronouns render U 
sometimes ever. 

9^u§, /. {pi. f^uffe) nut. 

nu^bar, adj. useful. 

nu^en, nu^en, v. n. to be of use, use- 
ful, or of advantage, conduce, 
serve ; — , v. a. to make use of. 

9?u^en, m. (-a) use, utility, profit. 

nu^Ud^, adj. useful. 

9?9m))§e, /. {pi. -n) nymph, chrysa- 
lis, dragon-fly 


D ! int. O ! oh ! 

Dafe, /. {pi. -n) oasis. 

ofc, conj. & prep, whether, if ; -gIet(J), 
conj. although, though ; -rooU, 
conj. though, although. 

Dtba(|, n. (-e^) shelter, lodging, 
covered place. 

oBcn, adv. above, up-stairs, on high ; 
-an, adj. at the top ; first ; -brein, 
adv. into the bargain ; besides all 
this ; -^in, adv. superficially. 

oBcr, adj. upper, higher ; -gewalt, /. 
{pi. -en) supreme power ; -^alb, 
adv. & prep, above, beyond, on 
the upper side ; -^errfc^aft, /. {pi. 
-en) sovereignty, supremacy ; 
-lanb, n. (-e^; pi. -lanber) high 
country, uplands; -sormunb, i/i. 
{-z^ ; pi. -miinber) chief guardian. 

Dbfl, n. (-e«) fruit, fruitage. 



Dccan, m. (-c5 ; pi -c) ocean. 

Dc^3(e), m. (-fen ; pi. -fen) ox, bull. 

Cctober, m. {-i) October. 

Dbcm» m. (-^) see 2ltt)em» 

Dbetf /. river in Germany. 

obcr> conj. or, or else, otherwise. 

Debc, n. & /. {pi. -n) desert, soli- 
tude ; — , adj. desert, desolate. 

De|l(cr)rei(^, n. Austria, [nace, stove. 

Dfen, w. (-n(3; p>l. Dcfen) oven, fur- 

ojfen, adj. open, frank, sincere ; -\><xx, 
adj. open, manifest ; -baren, v. a. 
to reveal (itself), make known ; 
-barung, /. {pi. -en) revelation; 
-'^erjig, adj. open-hearted, ingen- 

offentlic^, adj. public. [uous. 

Dfficier, m. {-i ; pi. -e) officer ; -flci^ 
bung, /. {pi. -en) officer's clothing. 

offnen, v. a. & r. to open. [ture. 

Oeffnung, /. {pi. -en) opening, aper- 

oft, adv. oft, often, frequently. 

iifter, adj. frequent, repeated ; — , 
adv. more frequently. 

D{) ! int. Oh 1 

D^cim, D^m, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) uncle. 

o^ne, prep. & adv. without, besides ; 
-^tn^ adv. besides, without that. 

D^nma(i^t, /. {pi. -en) weakness, 
swoon, fainting fit; in — faHen, 
to faint away, swoon. 

o^nmac^tig, adj. weak, impotent, 
swooning, fainting ; — werbenf to 
faint. [eye. 

De^r, D§r, n. (-e^ ; pi. -en) ear, ring, 

Defonomic, /. economy, agriculture. 

»fonomif(!^, adj. economical. 

Oel, n. (-ed ; pi. -c) oil ; -erfe^enb, adj. 
oil-supplying ; -farbe, /. {pi. -n) 
oil-color ; -lampe, /. {pi. -n) oil- 
lamp ; -jweig, m. (-ed ; pi. -e) 

Delung, /. {pi. -en) oiling, unction. 

Dmen, n. {pi. Dmina) omen, augury, 
presage, prediction. 

Dnfelf m. (-^) uncle. 

£»l)ah m. (-^ ; pi. -e) opal. 

Dper, /. {pi. -n) opera. 

Dpfer, n. (-^) offering, sacrifice, vic- 
tim, oblation ; -gabe, /. {pi. -n) 
oblation, sacrificial ofiering ; 
-t^ier, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) victim, sac- 
rifice, [molate. 

op fern, v. a. to offer, sacrifice, im- 

Dpium, n. {-i) opium. 

Dptif, /. optics. 

Drafel, n. (-a) oracle ; -fpruc^, m. 
(-eiJ ; pi. -fpruc^e) oracle. 

Drc^efler, n. {-i) orchestra. 

Drben, m. {-^) order. 

Drben<3fc^mu(f, m. {-ti) ornaments of 
an order. [late. 

orbnettf v. a. to order, arrange, regu- 

Drbnung, /. {pi. -en) order, arrange- 

Drgan, n. (-S ; pi. -e) organ, [ment. 

Drganifatton, /. {pi. -en) organization. 

organifd), adj. organic. 

organiftren, v. a. & n. to organize. 

organiftrt, adj. organized. 

Drganifl, m. (-en; pi. -en) organist. 

^W^i /• {pl -n) organ ; -bauer, m. 
{-i) organ-builder ; -ton, m. {-ii ; 
pi. -tone) organ-tone. 

Drient, w. (-e^) Orient, East, Levant. 

Drtflantme, /. oblong red standard 
(ancient standard of France). 

Driginal, n. {-i ; pi. -e, oi' -ien) orig- 

Driginalitctt, /. originality. [inal. 

Drnat, m. (-e« ; pi. -e) dress of an 
order, robes, vestment. 

Drt, m. (-e$ ; pi. -e, or Dertcr) placa 

Drt^briiber, brothers of a place. 

ort^obcr, adj. orthodox. 



Drt^oboxte, /. orthodoxy. 

Dtl(en), m. east ; -fee, /. Baltic ; 

-tt)int), m. (-ec ; 'pl. -e) east-wind. 
;D|lerfefl> n. (-e^; -pi. -e) festival of 
Djlern, pi. Easter. [Easter. 

Djlertag, m. {-ii\pl. -e) Easter-day. 
l^Xx^, adj. eastern, easterly, oriental. 
Djean, m. see Dcean. 


9)aar, n. (-c«; pi. -e) pair, couple ; 
ein — , a few, some few. [couple. 

paareu; «. a. to pair ; — , «. 7'. to 

^ac^ten, v. a. to farm, rent. 

J)a(fen, «. a. to pack, seize, lay hold 
of ; — , V. T. to be off. 

'^<x^ ! int. pooh ! pah 1 [peerage. 

9)air, m.{-t^\ pi. -4) peer ; -fc^aft,/. 

3)alafl, w (-c^ ; pi. -lafle) palace. 

9)dme, /. {pi. -n) paJm, palm-tree, 
catkin. [-e) panther. 

9)ant^er, w. (-a); -t^ier, 7i. (-e^; jp^. 

3)anlofeI, m. (-iJ; ^?. -n) slipper; 
unterm — jle^en, to be under petti- 
coat government. 

SJanjer, m. (-^) coat-of-mail. 

9)apier, w. (-e^ ; pi. -e) paper. 

9)a^fl, 71. (-ee;^^. 9)«PJ^e) pope- 

9)aral>elf /. (^^. -n) parable. 

3)arabe, /. {pi. -n) parade. 

9)arabie^, n. (-fe^ ; ^^. -fe) paradise. 

^Jarafangc, /. ( pi. -en) parasang (Per- 
sian, nearly four English miles). 

5)arlament, n. (-e^ ; j?^. -e) parliament. 

3)aroIe, /. (;?Z. -n) watchword. 

9)art, 71. (-e^; jp^. -e) share, part, 

5)artet, /. {pi. -en) part, party, sect ; 
— ne^men, to take part. [fate. 

SJftrjc^ /• {p^- -n) fate, goddess of 

paffen, v. n. & a. to fit, attend to, 

pass, to be proper or just right. 
9)atriard^, m. (-en; i??. -en) patriarch 
5)atriarc^enfrcuj, n. patriarchal cross. 
3)atriot, m. (-en; p?. -en) imtriot. 
9)atriott^mu^, m. patriotism. 
9)aufe, /. {pi. -n) pause, stop. 
9)ec^, 71. (-e^) pitch, cobbler's wax ; 

misfortune, ill luck. 
9)ein, /. pain, torment, torture. 
^Jergament, n. (-c^ ; pi. -e) parchment. 
9)eriobe, /. {pi. -n) period. 
Jjeriobifi^, a(|;. periodical. 
9)erle, f.{pl.-n) pearl, bead. 
9)erru(fe, /. {pi. -n) wig, periwig. 
9)crfon/ /. (j9?. -en) person, person- 
age, character, stature. 
J)erfonIlc^, adj. personal. 
9)erfonIid}feit, /.{pL-tu) personality, 
pejlcrfitllt, see pt^a% 
pef^^ft, adj. pestilential. 
9)etarbe, /. {pi. -n) petard. 
3) fab, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) path ; -lo^, adj. 

pathless, unpassable. 
5)faffe, m. (-n; pi. -n) priest, parson, 

9)falj0raf, m. (-en; ^^. -en) palsgrave, 

count palatinate. 
5)fanb, n. (-e^; _p?. 3) fanber) pledge, 

pawn, forfeit. [forfeits, 

3)fanberfpicl, n. (-e^; pi, -c) game of 
^Jfarrer, m. (-^) clergyman, parson, 

gjfeife, /. {pi. -n) pipe, fife, 
pfeifen, v.n. & a. ir. to pipe, whistla 
9)feifer, m. (-a) piper, whistler. 
3>feit, 771. (-c^; pi. -e) dart, arrow, 

shaft ; -gefc^winb, adj. & adv. swift 

as an arrow. 
^feiler, m. (-a) pillar, column, pier. 
9)ferb> w. (-e^ ; pi. -c) horse. 



5)ftrtnjc, / {pi. -n) plant, vegetable. 

})flanjen» v. a. to plant ; set. 

3)jIan5cnn)U(^id, m. vegetables. 

3)flanjf(^ulc, /. {pi. -n) nursery, 
school of training. [nursing. 

5)fle9e> /• care, attendance, support, 

Jjflegen, v. a. to take care of, attend 
to, nurse, entertain ; — , v. n. to 
be accustomed to, to be wont. 

^^tQtx, m. (-0) curator ; -iU; /. {pi. 
-nen) nurse. 

9)flid^t, /. {pi. -en) duty, obligation ; 
— ubcn# to perform tasks. 

Ufludcn, V. a. to pluck, gather. 

9)[lu9r m. (-e^ ; pi. WH^) plough. 

^fliigenf v. a. to plough. 

9) forte, /. {pi. -n) gate, door, port. 

9)fofien, m. post, pillar, support. 

9)fu^l, w. (-e^;^?. ^^fu^le) pool, pud- 

9>fu^l, wi. (-eS ; p^. -e) bolster, 
cushion. [tion. 

9)^antafte, /. (^^. -n) fancy, imagina- 

9>^antom, 71. (-e^; pi -e) phantom, 
spectre, vision. 

9)^afe, /. (jp^. -n) phase; — , Jig. 
change, vicissitude. 

9)^iIomele, /. nightingale. 

SJ^ilofop^, /. (-en ; pi. -en) philos- 

3)^ilofop^ie, /. ( pi. -en) philosophy. 

p^ilofo^j^ifrf), a^. philosophical. 

9)^iole, /. phial. 

^\)mxt m. {-ti) phoenix. 

})^9f[o9nomifd^, adj. physiognomic. 

^)'^pftf(^, adj. physical. 

9)icfel^aubc, /. head -piece ; helmet. 

^xdtn, V. a. to peck. 

^ittdt, f. (filial, &c.) piety, love, or 
reverence for a person. 

9)ife, /. {pi. -n) pike. 

3)il0cr, m. (-d) pilgrim, stranger; 
-fa^rt, /. {pi. -en) pilgrimage. 

^^itgrimfc^aft, /. {pi. -en) pilgrimage. 

^iUt, f. {pi. -n) pill. 

9)i|loIe, /. {pi. -n) pistol ; pistole, 
ducat (gold-coin). 

9)ta0e, /. {pi. -n) plague, vexation, 
annoyance, distress, calamity. 

plagen, v. a. to plague, trouble, tor- 

9)Ian, m. (-e^ ; pi. 9)Iane) plan, de- 
sign, purpose, aim ; plain (field) ; 
— , adj. plain, level ; -lo^, adj. & 
adv. planless, without a regular 
plan ; -sjottf adj. full of plans, pro- 

^lant, f. {pl.-n) cloth, cover. [ jects. 

planet, m. (-en ; pi. -en) planet. 

^lai^, m. {-ii\pl. 3)(d^e) place, space, 
room, cake ; crack ; crash ; — , 
int. smash I — ntac^en, to make 
room ; — ne^men, to sit down. 

9)lo^f m. (-e^) clap, bounce ; auf ben 
— f at once, on a sudden. 

|3lo|jlic^, adj. & adv. sudden(ly), at 
once, all on a sudden. [rob. 

plunbern, -». a. to plunder, pillage, 

3)IuraI, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) plural. 

9)bbelf m. {-i) mob, populace, rabble. 

poc^en, n. a. «& n. to knock, beat. 

3)oba0ra, n. {-^) gout. 

^ot\it, f. {pi -en) poetry, poesy. 

9)oct, m. (-en; pi. -en) poet. 

poetifd^, adj. poetical. 

5)olitif,/. politics. 

t)oUttf(^, adj. political, politic. 

5)oIi?^i)lorij, /. history of the world ; 
general history. 

5)ommern, Pommerania. 

popular, adj. popular. 

5)ort, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) port, harbor, 
station, haven, place of safety. 



3)ofaiinc, /. {pi -n) trombone, trum- 
pet, trump. [farce. 

9JriTe. /. {pi -n) jest, buffoonery, 

9)offen, m. (-^) trick, prank. 

§)ofl, /. {pi. -en) post, mail, post- 
oflBce, news; -ami, n. (-e^; pi. 
-amter) post-ofl&ce ; -^oxn, n. (-e«; 
pL -^orner) postillion's liorn. 

5)o|len; m. (-^) post, station, sum. 

9)oiliIIc, /. {pi. -n) book of sermons. 

3)o|liIlion, m. {-i ; pi. -e) postillion. 

^xa&ji, f. splendor, magnificence, 
pomp, state, pride. 

^jrac^tig, adj. magnificent, splendid. 

3)rabe|ltnation, /. predestination. 

^jragen, -». a. to impress, imprint, 
stamp, coin. 

9)ragcrr m. (-^) native or inhabitant 
of Prague. 

^ragmatifc^, adj. practical, pragmat- 
ical, officious, conceited. 

^ra'^Ien, v. n. to boast, brag. 

^raftifd), adj. practical. [bounce. 

^jraUett; v. n. to spring, rebound, 

9)ramie, /. {pi -n) premium, prize. 

J)ran9en, v. n. to shine, glitter, make 
a show ; -b> part. & adj. showy, 
splendid; dazzling. 

9)rafent, n. (-eS ; pi -c) present, gift. 

^rcifentiren, v. a. to present, represent ; 
present arms. 

9)rartbent, m. (-en; pi -en) president. 

^jraffeln; v. n. to crackle. 

^)ra|Ten» v. n. to gluttonize, gour- 
mandize, carouse, riot. 

3)raxi<3, /. practice. 

^jrebigen, i). a. to preach. 

S^rebtger, m. (-«) preacher ; -fanjel, /. 
{pi -n) pulpit. 

SJrebigt, /. {pi -en) sermon. 

3)rei5, m. (-fe^ ; pi -fe) prize ; price ; 

-gebcn, ■». n. to give up, expose , 
-wurbtg/ adj. praiseworthy. 

^reifen, -e. a. i/r. to praise, laud, extoL 

9)reffe, /. {pi. -n) press. 

))reffen# v. a. to press. 

5)re§frc{:^eit, /. liberty of the press. 

3)reffunQ,/.(p^. -en) pressure, press (of 

9)reu§enf n. (-^) Prussia, [seamen). 

preupifc^» ac?/. Prussian. 

3)riefler, w. (-^) priest ; -in, /. {pi 
-nen) priestess ; -lic^, adj. priest- 
ly, sacerdotal. 

9)rinci^ n. (-3; pi -ien) principle. 

5)rinj, w. (-en; ^?. -en) prince. 

gjrinsefftn, /. {pi. -nen) princess. 

3)rinjii)al, m. (-« ; pi -pale) principal, 
master, head of the firm. 

pri»Uegiren, 'c. a. to privilege. 

prtuilegirt, adj. privileged, excepted. 

g)ri»ilcgium, n. {-^ ; pl-o,m) privilege. 

9)rok, /. {pi -n) experiment, proof, 

proBiren, v. a. to try, essay, [trial, test. 

^xohlm, n. (-e« ; pi -e) problem. 

profttiren, v. n. to profit. 

3)roIog, m. (-$; jj^. -e) prologue. 

9)rop|et, w. (-en; p?. -en) prophet. 

prop^eti[(!^, adj. prophetical. 

9)rop^etengeijl, m. prophetic spirit. 

prop^ejei^en, v. a. to prophecy. 1 

9)rofa, /. prose. 

profaifd^, a(^*. prosaic. 

9)rofpect, m. (-e$ ; p?. -e) prospect. . 

gjrotector, m. {-^ ; pi -en) protector. \ 

3)rote|lant, m. (-en ; pi -en) Protestant, j 

protc|lantif(^, adj. Protestant. 

9)ro»injf /. {pi -en) province. 

proiDinjial, adj. provincial. 

pritfen, v. a. to try, examine, test. 

9)ruffiein, m. (-e^ ; pi -e) touch-stona 

9)rufungr /. {pi -en) trial, examinar 
tion, probation. 



gjfalm, m. (-«« ; pi. -c) psalm. 
3>ublicum, ^Jublifum, n. (-vJ) public. 
9)uU, n. {-ii ; pi. -e) desk. 
9)ul»cr, n. (-«) powder; -gang, m. 

mine. [sj^eck. 

9>unft, m. (-c«; pZ. -c) point, dot, 
9)upiUe, /. (p^. -n) pupil. [salis. 

9)uppc, /. (^^. -n) puppet, doll, chry- 
9)uVl)cnfram, m. (-ci^) toys, doll-store. 
9)urpur, {m. -i) purple, purple robe, 

purpure. [adorn. 

<)U&en, V. a. to clear, wipe, dress, 
SJu^gemad^f n. dressing-room. 
ypgmalion* m. Pygmalion (eminent 

statuary of Cyprus). One of his 

ivory statues, the goddess of 

beauty, is said to have changed 

into a living being. 
|>9ramibc, /. {pi. -n) pyramid. 
^jpramibalifd^, adj. pyramidal. 

^011/ Python (name of a monster 

serpent, slain by the shafts of 


Duaber, m. (-^; pi. -n) granite; 

-flein, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) square 

stone, free stone. 
Dual, /. {pi. -en) pain, torment, 
quikn, V. a. to torment, plague, 
Clualm, m. vapor, steam. [grieve. 
Duartier, n. {-^ ; pi. -e) quarters, 

Duell(e), /. {pi. -n) spring, source, 

fountain; -toaffer, n. spring-water. 
;iuellcn, v. n. ir. to spring, arise, well, 

swell ; — , V. a. to soak, 
qucr, adj. & adv. cross, oblique, 

traverse, across ; — iibcr, adv. 

over against, diagonally. 

JDuerc, /. oblique direction ; in bit 
— , crossly ; ber — , cross person, 
quillen, see quellen. 


JRabM, see 9iabbtner. [priest. 

9labbincr, m. {-i) rabbi, Jewish 

9labe, m. (-n; pi. -n) raven, crow. 

9labenmuttcr, /. {pi. -mutter) un. 
natural mother, raven-mother. 

9lad)e, /. vengeance, revenge ; -gc* 
lubbe, /. oath of vengeance ; 
-fd^wert, n. sword of vengeance. 

9flac^en, m. {-i) jaws, mouth, abyss. 

rd^cu, 'D. a. to avenge, revenge. 

9idc^er, m. (-^) avenger. 

9iab, n. (-e^ ; pi. 9idber) wheel ; spin- 
ning-wheel . [machinery . 

Didbemcrf, n. (-eg ; pi. -e) wheel work, 

rajfen, v. a. to huddle, snatch up ; 
fi(^ jufammen-, to collect one's self, 
to rouse one's self. [tower. 

ragen, v. n. to project, stick out, 

0iagout, n. {-4 ; pi. -i) stew, ragout. 

Sfianb, m. (-ed ; pi. JRdnber) edge, 
border, rim, brim, brink, margin. 

SRang, m. (-e« ; pi. Dldnge) rank, place. 

9?dnfe, /. tricks, artifices, intrigues. 

rafc^, adj. quick, swift, rash, speedy. 

9iafd)|eit, /. swiftness, activity. 

fRafcn, m. {-^) turf, sod, greensward ; 
— , V. n. to rave, to be delirious, 
furious, mad ; to be noisy. 

9laferet, /. {pi. -en) delirium, mad- 
ness, raving, 

raJTeln, v. n. to rattle, clatter. 

9lafl, /. rest, repose ; -lod, adj. rest* 

raflen, v. n. to rest, take rest. [less. 

0iat^, m. (-ed ; pi. SRdt^e) council, 
advice, deliberation ; court of 



aldennen, senate, member of a 
council : — fc^ctjfen, to devise 
means ; eincm urn — fragen, to ask 
one's advice ; -^au^, n. {-\i^ ; pi 
-l^aufer) city or town-hall ; -mann, 
m. (-c^ ; pi. -manner/ or -leute) 
(senator, assessor. [vise. 

tatl^tn, V. a. ir. to guess, counsel, ad- 

0lat|fel, n. (-^) riddle, enigma, 
problem ; -^aft, adj. enigmatical, 
problematical, mysterious. 

Slau^/ m. (-eg) rapine, robbery, prey, 
booty ; auf ben — , hastily ; -be^ 
Quxht, f. rapacity, ravenousness. 

taukn, V. a. to rob, prey, plunder. 

SRauber, m. (-g) robber, highway- 
man ; -banbe, /. ( pi. -n) gang of 
robbers ; -et, /. (pi. -en) robbery ; 
-l^anb/ /. {pi. -^cinbe) thievish 

9lau(^, m. (-es?) smoke, soot, fume ; 
— , adj. rough, shaggy ; -fa§, n. 
censer, perfuming pan. 

xau6)tn, v. a. & n. to smoke ; reek. 

xan^, adj. rough, harsh, rude, coarse. 

fftanm, m. (-e<3; pi. fSio-yxmi) room, 
space, place ; — geben* to give way, 
indulge. [clear. 

raumen; v. a. to clear away, remove, 

raunen, «. a. & n. to round, whisper. 

9iauner, m. (-§) whisperer. 

Stauvef /. {pi. -n) caterpillar. 

Olaupengeflalt, /. caterpillar form. 

fSio.)x\&i, m. (-eg ; pi. Olaufc^e) drunken- 
ness, inebriation. 

raufc^en, -y. n. to rush, rustle, dash, 
to be turbulent ; to thunder (of 
water, &c.). 

a^leaction, /. ( pi. -en) reaction. 

SHebett, m. (-en; pi. -en) rebel. 

WekUionf /. ( pi. -en) rebellion. 

recat)tt«Uren, «. a. to recapitulate. 

gte^enfc^aft, /. {pi. -en) account ; — 
geben, to accoimt for, render an 

red^nen, «. a. & «. to count, calculate, 
reckon, cipher. 

9le(i)nun3, /. {pi., -en) account, bill, 
reckoning, score; auf ettt)ag — 
nta(^en> to reckon upon a thing. 

Oiec^t, n. (-cg;p^. -e) right, justice, 
law, privilege ; (as fern, noun) 
right hand (80) ; — , adj. & adv. 
right(ly), straight, just, true, 
very ; — ^aben, to be in the right, 
to be right ; -fertigen, v. a. to 
justify ; -fertigung, /. {pi. -en) jus- 
tification ; -\x&i, adj. just, lawful, 
upright, honest ; -maptg, adj. law- 
ful, legitimate ; -fc^afen, adj. just/ 
honest, upright, righteous. 

red^ten, v. n. to contest, dispute, liti- 
gate, reckon, settle. 

re^tg, add. at, to or from the right 
hand ; -gele|)rt, adj. learned in the 
law ; -gcte^rte (ber), m. (-n; pi. -n) 
jurist, lawyer. 

JRebe, /. ( pi. -n) speech, discourse, 
oration ; jur — fe^en, to bring to 
account ; — |le|en, to call to ac- 
count, to give account ; ba»on ij^ 
ni(^t bie — , that is not the ques- 
tion, [course. 

reben, v. a. & n. to speak, talk, dis- 

rebtid^, adj. honest, fair, just. 

i JRebner, m. (-g) orator. 

Steform, /. {pi. -en) reform. 

OJeformatiom /. {pi. -en) reformation. 

reformiren, v. a. to reform. 

tege, adj. stirred up, active; — 
ma(^cn/ to move, stir up ; — wcrbeiw 
to be excited. 



Slcget, /. {pi. -tt) rule, precept, prin- 

dttQtn, m. (-^) rain ; — , v. a. to stir, 
move; — , v. r. to be stirring; 
"bad^, m. (-c^ ; pi -Hdjt) torrent ; 
-bogen/ m. {-€) rainbow; -roolfe, 
/. {pi. -n) cloud, threatening 
rain ; -wurm, m. {-ii ; pi -wiirmer) 
earth-worm. [SBiebcrgeburt. 

Slcgencration, /. regeneration, see 

Tcgcnerircitr v. a. to regenerate, renew. 

SRcgent, m. (-en; pi -en) regent, gov- 
ernor ; -fd^aft, /. ( pi. -en) regency. 

regicten, v. a. to rule, govern ; — , 
V. n. to reign. [reign. 

IRegierung, /. {pi -en) government, 

0legiment, n. (-ed; pi -er) govern- 
ment, regiment. [tract. 

SEegion, /. {pi -en) region, district, 

rtgncn, ■o. a. & n. to rain. 

tegular, adj. regular. 

reguliren, v. a. to regulate. 

fSit^t n. {-ti ; pi -e) roe, doe, deer. 

8leic^, n. {-ti\ pi -e) empire, realm, 
kingdom ; reign; — , adj. rich, opu- 
lent, wealthy ; -bcgabt, adj. richly 
endowed; -li(|, adj. abundant, 
plentiful, copious ; -t^um, m. -esJ ; 
pi. -tpmer) riches, opulence, 
wealth, abundance. 

rei.^en, xi. n. to extend to, to be suf- 
ficient ; — , V. a. to reach, offer. 

Olvi^^apfel, m. (-d) imperial globe. 

SRcic^^feinb/ m. {-ti'^pl -c) country's 
foe. [the empire. 

fReic^^fricg, m. (-ed; pi -e) war of 

gieicfe^rat^, m. (-eo ; pi -ral^e) council 
of the empire, senate. [empire. 

JReic^dfc^mud, m. (-ed) jewels of the 

9leic^3»crrat^cr, m. (-«) traitor to the 

9lei(i^$»erfamm(ung, /. assembly of the 
states of the empire. 

9teic^*J»ern)efer, m. (-^) administrator 
of the empire, regent. 

0ieif, m. {-ti\ pi -e) rime, hoar- 
frost {see 9leifen, m.) ; — , adj. ripe, 

9ieifen, m. (-«) hoop, ring, edge ; — t 
V. n. to grow ripe, ripen, mature ; 
— , V. imp. to rime, make hoar- 
frost ; — , V. a. to bring to ma- 

9ieigen, see SRei^en. [turity, mature. 

0iei:^e, /. {pi -n) row, line, file, 
succession, turn, order"; dance. 

9iei^en, m. {-§>) dance ; — , v. a. to 
put in a row, string ; -tanj, m. 
(-e^ ; pi -tanje) circular dance. 

9lei^er, m. {-4) heron. 

9leim, m. (-ea ; pi -e) rhyme ; -log, 
adj. rhymeless ; -tt)et^(e), adv. in 

reimen, v. n. to rhyme, fit ; — , v. a. 
to rhyme, make rhymes. 

rein, adj. clean, pure ; — , adv. quite, 
entirely ; -lefen, to pick out clean 
(all) ; ind 9leine kingen, to clear, 
settle ; -^eit, f. cleanness, purity ; 
-lilt, «4?- clean(ly), neat. 

reinigen, v. a. to clean, cleanse, purify. 

9iei^, n. (-fe^ ; pi -fer) twig, sprig, 
see 9iei§. 

9leife, /. {pi -xC) journey, voyage: 
-kric^t, m. {pi -e) account of a 
journey ; -gelb, n. (-ed ; pi -cr) 
traveling-money. [a voyage. 

rcifcn, v. n. to travel, journey, make 

SReiflge (ber), m. (-n; pi -n) or ein 
9?eif!ger, trooper, man - at - arms, 

SRei^, m. (-e$) rice. [lance. 

JReipen, n. tearing, cutting pains; 
— , V. a. & n. ir. to tear, pull, drag ; 



split, rage ; sketch, draw ; -b, 
part. & adj. rapid, stormy, vehe- 
ment, wild, furious, [horseback. 

rctten, v. a. & n. ir. to ride, go on 

Slciter, m. (-^) rider, horseman ; - 1\, 
f. {pi. -en) cavalry, horse, mode 
of riding. 

fRtittximam, m. (-e^) man on horse- 
back, cavalryman, horseman, 

SReij, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) charm, attrac- 
tion, irritation ; -lax, adj. sensible, 

reijen, v. a. to stimulate, excite, 
provoke, irritate, charm, entice. 

0lelation, /. {pi. -en) relation, report. 

Oieligion, /. {pi. -en) religion. 

religion, adj. religious. 

0lennen, n. {-i) course, race ; — , v. n. 
ir. to run, rush along, race. 

SJlevrafentant, m. (-en; pi. -en) repre- 

rejjrcifentiren, -o. a. to represent. 

SRetJuMif, /. {pi. -en) republic. 

repuHifanifc^, adj. republican. 

0iefpect, m. (-e^; pi. Stefjject^kjeugun^ 
Qcn) homage, respect. 

0le|tf m. (-eg ; pi. -e) rest, residue, re- 
mainder, [eating-house. 

fftejlauration, /. {pi. -en) restauration, 

tetten, v. a. to save, preserve, deliver. 

Otetter, m. {-i) savior, deliverer. 

^lettung, /. {pi. -en) deliverance, sal- 

fRettunggjeit, /. season of redemption. 

SReue, /. repentance, remorse, regret. 

rcuen, v. n. imp. to repent, rue, re- 

reutg, adj. penitent, repenting, [gret. 

rcumutfeig, adj. remorseful, repentant. 

Sletteitte, /. reveille, tattoo at day- 

Steijier, n. {-i ; pi. -e) district, quar- 
ter, section of country. 

0lei»oIution, /. {pi. -en) revolution. 

9te»5lutiong^arafter, m. revolutionary 

gieijolution^jeit,/. revolutionary time. 

SReje^t, n. (-eg; pi. -e) receipt, pre- 

Sfil^cinnjein, m.(-eg ;pZ.-e) Rhine-wine. 

9tl)9t^mug, m. {pi. 9i^X)t^men) rhythm. 

3^id^t, n. (-eg) court of justice; -pla^, 
m. (-eg ; pi. -))la^e) place of ex- 
ecution ; -fc^nur, /. straight line, 
rule ; -ung, /. {pi. -en) aim, di- 
rection, course, turn. 

9ii(^te, /. straight direction, straight 
line, row, range. 

rid^ten, v. a. to put upright, direct, 
arrange, adjust, aim, point ; ac- 
commodate ; execute ; judge, con- 
demn ; ing 335erf — , to put into, 
practice ; p ®runbe — , to ruin ; 
ftc^ cm^or — , to rise up. 

Ui^itx, m. (-g) judge; -W^, adj. 

rid^tig, adj. right, just, regular, cor- 
rect ; — madden, to arrange ; eg x^ 
l^ier nic^t — , this place is haunted. 

ried^en, v. a. & n. ir. to smell, scent, 

9liegel, ra. (-g) rail, bar, bolt. 

9ltefe, m. (-n; pi. -n) giant. 

riefelnb* adj. murmuring. [mind. 

Oliefengetfl, n. (-eg ; pi. -er) gigantic 

rtefengro§, adj. gigantic, giant-like. 

9ltefenjlarfe, /. gigantic strength. 

9fiing, m. (-eg; pi. -e) ring, circles 
halo (around the moon). 

Siingelrei^n, -tanii^ m. circular dance. 

ringen, •». a. to wring, wrest ; — , v. n. 
to writhe, struggle, wrestle, striva 


rings* adv. in a circle, around ; 

-urn, -umt)cr, adv. all round, 
ritmcn, v, n. to run, flow, leak. 

0li§, m. (-ffe« ; pi. -ffO tear, rent, 
fissure, crack, sketch, drawing. 

fitter, m. (-^) knight, chevalier, 
cavalier ; -gut, n. {-ti ; pi. -guter) 
estate ; -^anbfc^u^, m. knight's 
gauntlet, glove ; -Hi), adj. knight- 
ly, chivalrous, brave, valiant ; 
-(S)niann, m. knight ; -t^at, f. 
heroic deed, feat of chivalry ; 
-ttcue, /. fidelity, allegiance of a 
knight; -(S)tt>ort, n. word of a 
knight, word of honor ; -wiirbef 
/. knighthood. 

f5t\%f m. {-ti\pl. -c); 0ti^c, /. (p?. -n) 
crack, chink, slit, fissure. 

0loBc, /. robe. [coat. 

9lo(f, m, (-cS : pi. Sflocfe) coat, petti- 

0lo(fen, m. (-S) distafl", see Sioggen. 

0loggen; m. (-S) rye. 

ro^, adj. raw, rough, rude, unculti- 
vated; -^cit, /. (p^. -en) rawness, 
roughness, rudeness, barbarity, 

SRotte* /. {pi. -n) roll, roller, register, 
catalogue, mangle, part, character. 

rotten, V. a. to roll, mangle, trundle. 

0ioin, n. (-3) Rome. [novel. 

Dlontan, m. (-e«; pi. -e) romance, 

romantifc^, adj. romantic. 

giomanje,/. {pi. -n) romance, ballad. 

9lomer, m. (-S) Roman. 

SRofe, /. {pi. -n) rose. 

Stofentiecfe, /. ( pi. -n) hedge of roses. 

JRofenwange, /. {pi. -n) rosy cheek, 
cherry cheek. 

tond)t, roftg» adj. rosy, roseate. 

3loi, n. (-ffeS; pi -ITO horse. 

roffen, u. n. to horse. 

ro|lig, adj. rusty, 
rot^, adj. red, ruddy. 
rotten, v. n. & a. to redden. 
Slotte, /. {pi. -n) troop, band. 
rud)IoS, adj. lawless, profligate. 
9lud>toftgfeit, /. {pi. -en) profligate. 

ness, frivolity, recklessness. 
9iu(fen, m. (-«)back ; eincm ben— vx* 

fe^ren, to turn one's back ; — , v. n. 

to move, push, proceed, advance ; 

— , v. a. to move, stir, push along. 
Slutffatt, m. {-ii ; pi. -fatte) relapse. 
^Riicf^alt, m. (-eS; pi. -e) restraint, 

reserve. [back. 

0lu(f fe^r, 9lit(fhtnft, /. return, coming 
0litcfftd^t, /. {pi. «Ru(fri^t«kjeugungen) 

regard, consideration, 
niucfftd^taiofigfeit, /. {pi. -en) regard- 

0lu(f jlanbf m. {-ti ; p?.-flanbe) arrears. 

rucfwdrtS, adv. backwards, back. 

9lu(froeg, m. (-e^; pi. -e) way back, 
return ; auf bent — , on the way 

9luber, n. {-i) oar, rudder, helm. 

rubernf v. n. to row. 

9luf, m. (-e^) reputation, fame ; vo- 
cation, call ; rumor. 

rufen, v. n. & a. ir. to call, cry ; — 
lafTen, to send for. 

^Wr /• {pi- -n) accusation, re- 
proach, censure, trespass. 

9lu^e, /. rest, reix)se, tranquillity ; 
-tag, m. {~ti ; pi. -e) day of rest. 

ru^cn, v. n. to rest, repose, sleep. 

ruMg» adj. quiet, tranquil, calm, 
peaceable ; serene. 

Sflu^m, m. (-e«) renown, fame, glory ; 
-bcgierbc, /. ambition ; -begierig, 
adj. ambitious ; -gicrig, see -begic 
rig ; -»off, see rii^mU(i&. 



rit^men, v. a. to glorify, praise ; — / 
V. r. to boast . 

rii^mUc^f adj. glorious. 

9iu^r, /. flux, dysentery ; rof^c — , 
bloody flux. [affect. 

ru|)rcn, v. a. & n. to stir, move, toucli, 

rul;rig, adj. agile, nimble, stirring. 

0lu^rungf /. emotion, moving, sym- 

JRuinc, /. {pi. -n) ruin. [patliy. 

rutniren, v. a. to ruin, break, destroy. 

0lumor, m. (-^) noise, hubbub. 

Otuntpclfammer, /. lumber-chamber, 
lumber-room. [hull (of a ship). 

0tumt)f, m. (-e^; pi. 0iumpfe) trunk, 

runb/ adj. round, rotund ; -|)erutn/ 
-um^er, round about, all around, 

Oiunbe, /. round, rounds, patrol. 

9ftuplanbf n. Russia. 

rujlen/ v. a. & r. to prepare, put in 
order, furnish, arm, equip. 

riil^tg, adj. stout, robust, vigorous. 

Sluilung, /. {pi. -en) preparation, ar- 
mament, armor, suit of armor, 
implements, tackling, crossbow. 

rittteln, v. a. to shake. 

<SaaI, m. (-cd; pi. ©ale) hall, saloon, 

©aat, /. {pi. -en) seed ; green corn, 

standing com, cornfield, crop. 
©cttMf^, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) Sabbath ; 

-j^ille» /. silence of a Sabbath 

day ; -X<XQ,t m. Sabbath-day. [fair. 
©ac^e, /. ( pi -n) thing, matter, af- 
©a^fcn, n. Saxony (kingdom in 

Germany, with 2,343,994 inhab.) 
faen, v. a. to sow. 
6aft, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©cifte) juice, sap, 

liquor, fluid. 

'^^^^f /• {P^- -n) saying, rumor, trai 

dition, tale. 
fagen^ v. a. & n. to say, tell, speak ; 

2)anf — , to return thanks ; Sek" 

XQt^X — . to bid farewell. 
®aite, /. ( pi. -n) string, chord, 
falariren, v. a. to give a salary t'^, 

have in pay. 
fallen/ v. a. to salve, anoint, embalm. 
©alj, ti. (-esS) salt. 
©ame(n)f m. (-n^ ; pi. -n) seed ; 

sperm ; try. 
fammein, v. a. to gather, collect, 

save ; — , v. r. to meet together, 

assemble, compose one's self. 
®amin(e)t, m. (-^) velvet. 
©ammlung, /. ( pi. -en) collection. 
fammt, prep, together with ; — , adio. 
©anb, m. (-e^) sand. [altogether. 
fanft, adj. soft, mild, gentle ; -mut^, 

/. softness, meekness. [chair. 

(Sanfte, /. {pi. -n) sedan-chair, litter, 
©ang, m. see ©efang. [bard. 

©anger, m. (-g) singer ; minstrel, 
©arg, m. (-e5 ; pi. ©arge) coffin. 
©atan, m. {-^ ; pi. -e) Satan, 
fatanifcl, adj. satanic. 
©atan^engel, m. prince of darkness. 
©attrifer, see ©atprifer* 
©atrap, m. (-en; pi. -en) satrap, 
fatt, adj. sated, satisfied, satiated, 

sufficient, enough, tired ; -fam, 

adj. sufficient, abundant, enough. 
fattigen, v. a. to sate, satiate, satisfy, 
©atpre, /. ( pi. -n) satire, 
©atiprifer, m. (-^) satirist. 
fat^rifc^/ adj. satiric, satirical. 
fauBer, adj. clean, pure, neat, 
faukrn, v. a. to clean, cleanse, purify. 
fauer, adj. sour, acid, fatiguing, 
©aule, /. ( pi. -n) pillar, column. 



©aum, m. (-c^ ; pi. ©oiume) border, 
edge, hem. 

fdumen, v. a. & n. to hem, border, 
edge, delay, tarry, stay, procras- 
tinate, hesitate. 

<Sd\imtx, m. {-^) beast of burden. 

faufcln, V. rustle, buzz, hum. 

faufcn, -c. n. to whistle, bluster, whiz. 

(Scene, /. ( pi. -n) scene. 

<3ceptcr, see 3epter. 

<Bd)a(a)f, n. (-e<3 ; pi. -c) sheep. 

(Sd)a(a)r, /. {pi. -en) troop, band, 

fc^aarenweife, adv. in troops, in large 

<Sd)ad)fpicl, n. (-e5; pi. -e) game at 
chess, set of chessmen. 

(Sd)abe(n), m. (-n5 ; pi. ©d^aben) 
damage, hurt, disadvantage, loss ; 
— , int. pity ! e^ i|l — / it is a pity. 

©(^abcl, m. (-^) skuJl. 

f(^aben, ■». n. to injure, prejudice ; 
-fro^» adj. malignant, malicious. 

fc^abUd), adj. hurtful, injurious. 

©(i^afer/ m. (-^) shepherd ; -in, /. 
(pi. -nen) shepherdess ; -fleib, n. 
(-e^ ; pi. -er) shepherd's dress ; 
-trift/ /. {pi. -en) shepherd's pas- 

fc^affen/ v. a. & n. to effect, procure, 
contrive, do, create, work ; jur 
•Stelle — , to bring to the spot. 

<B6)Qi^t\n, n. {dimin. of <Sc^af) little 
lamb, lambkin. 

fc^al, adj. flat, insipid, hollow, emp- 
ty, trivial. [cup. 

©d^ale, /. (p?. -n) shell, peel, bowl, 

fd^olcn, V. a. to shell, peel. 

<B^oSi, m. {-ti) sound, echo, noise. 

fd^allen, v. n. to sound, resound. 

f(^Ucn, V. n. to do, act, rule. 

<B^cim, f. shame, nakedness ; -^aft# 

adj. modest, bashful, 
fc^amen, v. r. to be ashamed, blush. 

•od^anbe, /. shame, ignominy, in- 
famy ; ju ©(|anben mad)en, to de- 
stroy, [violate. 

fd)dnben, v. a. to damage, dishonor, 

fd)dnblid^, adj. shameful, disgraceful, 
infamous, obscene ; base. 

(Sd^anbt^at, /. {pi. -en) deed of in- 
famy, crime. 

®d)anje, /. {pi. -n) fort, redoubt, en- 
trenchment, bulwark ; in bie — 
fdjlagen, to risk. 

fc^arf, adj. sharp, cutting, accurate, 
acute ; -fmn, m. (-e^) sagacity, 
acuteness, penetra-tion ; -finnig, 
adj. sagacious, ingenious, keen. 

od)drfe, /. sharpness, edge, strict- 
ness, acrimony. 

fc^drfen, v. a. to sharpen. 

©d}atten, m. {-$) shade, shadow; 
-reic^, n. lower world ; adj. shady, 

fd)attig, adj. shady, [deeply shaded. 

'Sdja^, m. (-ei3 ; pi. <£^d^c) treasure ; 
store ; sweetheart. 

®d)d^barfett, /. estimableness. 

fdjd^en, «. a. to value, estimate, 
esteem, prize. 

fc^d^ereid), adj. rich in treasures. 

<Sc^au, /. view, insi^ection, show, 
spectacle ; -pla^, ?«. (-cd ; pi. 
-pidlje) scene, theater ; -fpicl, n. 
{-ti ; pi. -e) spectacle, drama; 
-artig, adj. theatrical, dramatic ; 
-cr, m. {-i) actor, player, per- 

®d)aubcr, m. {-i) shuddering, hor- 
ror ; -»oU, a/7;, horrible. 

fc^aubern, v. n. to shudder, shiver. 

fdjaucn, v. n. to look, view, behold. 




©c^auer, m. (-«) chill, shuddering, 
shower, shelter, fear, horror, awe, 
terror ; -^aft, awful, horrid ; -ig, 
adj. showery, shivering, sheltered, 
awful ; -lid^, adj. awful. 

fc^auern, v. n. & imp. to shudder, 
shake. [rock. 

f(|au!eln, v. a. & n. to balance, swing, 

<B(^aum» m. (-e^) froth, foam, scum. 

fd^aumett/ v. a. & n. to scum, skim, 
foam, froth. 

f^aumtg, adj. foamy, frothy. 

©(^ec!e, /. {pi. -n) piebald horse. 

fc^eel, adj. cross-eyed. 

©(|cere, /. {pi. -n) scissors. 

fi^eercn, v. r. used in the idiom 
,»2Ba^ fc^ecrt mi(|," Kw what do 
I care for, etc. 

©^eibe, /. ( pi. -n) round plate, roll, 
disk, pane, target ; honey-comb. 

fd^ciben, V. a. ir. to divide, separate, 
divorce ; — , «. n. to withdraw, 
jmrt, depart. [wall. 

(Sd^eibcwanb, /. {pi. -XoHviit) partition, 

<S^cibett)eg, m. (-e^ ; pi. -i) cross-way, 
cross-road. [divorce. 

©d^etbung, /. {pi. -en) separation, 

©c^eiit; m. (-c^) shine, lustre, splen- 
dor; appearance, show, certificate ; 
-l&at/ adj. seeming, apparent, vis- 
ible, specious. 

fc^cinen, «?. n. ir. to shine, appear, 
seem ; reflect light, glisten. 

©d^cttel, m. (-g) top, vertex, crown 
(of the head). 

f($cttern, v. n. to be wrecked, founder. 

fc^cl/ adj. oblique, envious, askance 
— fe^en, to be envious. 

fd^cHcn, '0. a. & n. ir. to ring a bell 

(gcbellftfd^, m. (-^ ; pi. -c) haddock 

fc^elten, v. a. & n. ir. to chide, up. 
braid, rebuke, scold, call (bad 
names), curse. 

Sc^eltTOort, 71. (-e<J ; pi. -e) invective, 
term of abuse. 

©Clemen, m. {-^) shadow, phantom. 

©c^enfcl, m. (-^) thigh, shank, leg. 

fc^enfen, «. a. to fill, retail liquor ; 
make a present of, present, give. 

®c^erbe(n), m. (-n^) potsherd, frag- 
ment, vessel. 

(3(i)ere, /. {pi. -n) shears, scissors, 
pair of scissors. 

Sc^erj, m. (-esJ; pi. -c) joke, jest. 

fc^erjen, v. n. to jest, joke, sport. 

©d^erjer, m. (-^) jester, joker. 

©c^eu,/. shyness, timidity, aversion ; 
— , adj. shy, timid. 

fci^euc^cn, v. a. to scare, frighten 

f(i>euen, '<?. a. to shun, to be afraid 
of ; — , v. r. to be shy, timid. 

©c^eune, /. {pi. -n) shed, barn. 

fc^icfcn, D. a. to send, dispatch ; — , 
-». r. to suit, to be fit, proper ; — , 
i). imp. & r. to come to pass. 

©(^icf fal, w. (-a ; p^. -e) fate, destiny, 

©d)t(ffal«tt)e(^fel, m. vicissitudes, 
change of fortune. 

©ci^idung, /. {pi. -en) divine ordi- 
nance, divine will. 

fc^iebeni v. a. ir. to shove, push, slide ; 
^egel — , to play at nine-pins ; bte 
©d^ulb auf eincn — , to lay the 
blame upon one. 
fester, adv. quickly, almost, 
fc^icien, v. a. & n. ir. to shoot, dis- 
charge, carry oflT (a gun) ; dart ; 
— laffen, to let go, let loose, dis- 
continue (a person's association). 



©(^iff, 71. (-eS ; pu. -c) ship, vessel, 
nave (of a church) ; ju — ge^en, 
to go aboard ; -brudv n. {-ti ; pi. 
-briic^e) shipwreck. [sail. 

f(^iffen, V. a. Sin. to navigate, ship, 

©d^ijfer, m. {-i) captain, sailor, 
skipper, mariner. 

©d^Ub, m. & n. (-eg; pi. -tor-tx) 
shield, buckler, escutcheon, plate, 
sign ; -fnapjjc, m. shield-bearer ; 
-toaH^i, f. (pi. -n) sentinel, sentry ; 
-toaA fte^cn, to stand sentry, to 
be upon duty. 

fd^ilbem, ■». a. to paint, delineate, 
stand sentry. 

©c^ilberung, /. (pi. -en) delineation, 
description. [reflection. 

<Sd)immer> m. {-i) glimmer, glitter, 

fc^immern, v. n. to glitter, glisten. 

©c^impf, m. (-eg) affront, insult ; 
-\\d^, adj. insulting, disgraceful. 

fd^tmpfeit/ V. a. to affront, insult ; 
call bad names. 

Q&l'xxm, m. (-eg ; pi. -c) protection, 
umbrella, screen, shelter, [tect. 

fd^irmen/ v. a. to screen, shelter, pro- 

©c^Iat^t, /. {pi. -en) battle, action, 
engagement, fight ; -felbr n. (-eg ; 
pi. -er) field of battle ; -orbnung, 
/. {pi. -en) battle-array ; -pferb, 
n. (-eg ; pi. -c) battle-horse ; -rop» 
n. (-iTeg ; pi. -ffe) charger ; -ruf, 
m. (-eg) battle-cry, signal. 

f(^tad)ten, v. a. to slaughter, kill, 
butcher, slay. 

©c^loid^ter, m. (-g) butcher. 

©c^laf, m. (-eg) sleep, repose, temple ; 
-befangen, adj. wrapt in sleep ; -ge^ 
ntac^, n. (-eg ; pi. -madjcr) bed- 
chamber; -log, adj. sleepVess; 
-rod, m. (-e^ j pi. -ro(f e) bed-gown. 

dressing-gown; -jimmer, n. (-g) 
bedroom, bed-chamber. 

fc^lafen, v. n. ir. to sleep, to be asleep. 

©c^Iag, m. (-eg; pi. ©c^lage) blow, 
clap, beating, stroke, stamp ; apo- 
plexy ; trap-door. [wallet. 

©c^lagel, m. (-g) beater, drum-stick, 

fi^ldgeln, v. a. to beat, strike. 

f^lagen, v. a. & n. ir. to beat, strike, 
fell, throw, cast ; — , v. r. to fight ; 
JU 33obett — / to knock down ; bic 
Xrommel — , to beat the drum. 

(Sd)Iantnt, m. (-eg) mud, silt, slime. 

©c^lange, /. {pi. -n) snake, serpent. 

fd)langeln, v. r. to wind, twist, pur- 
sue a serpentine course. 

Sc^Iangent)aar, n. snakes covering 
the head (of Medusa) instead of 
hair. [shell. 

©c^langenfopf, m. (-eg ; pi. -fopfe) onyx 

Sd)langenia^n, m. (-eg; pi. -jal^ne) 
serpent's tooth. 

©d)langenjtt)eifel, m. (-g) poisonous 
doubt, dangerous doubt. 

fc^Ianf, adj. sUm, slender, of a good 
figure. [crafty. 

f(^tau, adj. sly, cimning, shrewd, 

f(^led)t, adj. ill, mean, base, bad, 
miserable ; -^in, adv. merely, 

fc^leid^ettf v. n. ir. to move softly or 
secretly, sneak, creep, crawl, 
slink ; — , v. a. to smuggle. 

©(^(eic^er, m. (-g) creeper, sneak. 

!3d)Ieier, m. (-g) veil, pretence, cloak. 

fd)lei§en, «. a. & n. ir. to slit, split. 

<3d>leften, n. Silesia (province of 
Prussia, has an area of 73,146 
German square miles, and about 
3,000,000 inhabitants). 

Sc^Uuber, /. {pi. -n) sling. 



f(^lcubern, v. a. to sling, fling, throw, 
hurl ; — , V. n. to swing, dash, 
sell under value. 

fc^Ieunig* adj. quick, speedy, hasty. 

fd)li(^t, adj. plain, sleek, smooth. 

fc^lii^ten, V. a. to smooth plain, level, 
compose, settle. [position, 

©c^Iic^tung/ /. accommodation, com- 

fc^lie^en, v. a. & n. ir. to lock, shut, 
close, conclude, chain, fetter, rati- 
fy ; in tie 5(rme — , to clasp in one's 

f(^Iimm, adj. bad, evil, ill, sad, un- 
fortunate, wicked ; -c 3ctten» bad 
or hard times ; -beutenb, adj. evil- 

©c^Iinge, /. (pl.-n) snare, sling, loop. 

f^lingcn, v. a. & n. ir. to wind, en- 
twine, swallow greedily, devour. 

©d^Io§, n. (-ffe^ ; pi. ©(^liJJTcr) castle, 
palace ; lock, padlock, clasp. 

[(^lotterig, adj. slovenly, shaking, 

fc^lottern, v. n. to hang loosely, dan- 
gle, wabble, tremble, shake, 

(Sc^lummer, m. (-^) slumber; -faft, 
w,. (-e^ ; pi. -fctfte) potion, 
slumber-draught, narcotic. 

fc^lummern, -». n. to slumber, sleep. 

©c^lum^jCf /. {pi. -n) slut, slattern. 

(Sd)lunb, m. (-eg ; pi. ©c^lunbe) gulf, 
swallow, throat ; gulf, abyss. 

fc^lupfen, V. n. to slip, slide, glide, 
steal. [scene. 

fc^Iii^jfrig, adj. slippery, wanton, ob- 

fc^liirfen, v. a. to sip, sup. 

©c^lup, m. (-ffeg; pi. ©c^litffe) end, 
conclusion, resolution, decree, ter- 

Sc^Iuffel, m. i-i) key. [mination, 

©(^mac^, /. reproach, insult, dis- 

grace, violation (p. 263) j - ^ebln* 
gung, /. shameful condition. 

fc^mac^ten, 'o. n. to long for, languish. 

[c^ma^en* v. a. to revile, slander. 

fc^mal, adj. narrow, small. 

fc^maudien, v. a. & n. to smoke. 

®(|maug, m. (-fe^ j pi. ©c^ntaufe) feast, 
banquet. [well. 

fc^mecfen, v. a. & n. to taste, taste 

©c^metcf)elet, /. ( yl. -en) flattery. 

fc^meic^el^aft, adj. flattering. 

fc^metc^eln, «. a. to flatter, caress. 

©c^meic^ler, m. (-g) flatterer, coaxer. 

fd^meipen, v. a. ir. to smite, strike, 
dash, throw. 

<Sc^metjf m. (-e^) enamel. 

fc^meljen^ v. a. & n. ir. to liquefy, 
smelt, melt, diminish, fuse. 

©c^merj, m. {-t^ ; pi. -en) pain, ache, 
smart, affliction, sorrow, trouble ; 
-lic^, adj. painful, grievous, af- 
flicting ; -log, adj. without pain. 

former jen, «. a. & n. to give pain, pain, 
ache, hurt 

©c^mettcrling/ m. (-eg; pi. -e) butter- 
fly. [«. a. to dash. 

fc^mcttern, o. n. to peel, crash ; — , 

©c^mieb, m. (-eg ; pi. -e) smith, black, 
smith. [plan. 

ff^miebcn, v. a. to forge, contrive, 

©c^minfe, / {pi. -n) paint, rouge. 

(Sd^mucff m. (-eg) ornament, attire^ 
dress ; -log, adj. unadorned, sim- 
ple, [decorate, attire. 

fd^miidenf v. a. to adorn, ornament 

©c^mu^, m. (-eg) dirt, mud, smut 
soil ; filth. 

fc^mu^en, v. n. to soil, dirty, [soiled. 

fc^mu^ig, ctdj. dirty, nasty, filthy 

Sc^naHe, /. {pi. -n) buckle. 

fc^nauben, «. a. to snort, pufl", snuff. 



C^nee^ m. (-^) snow, froth of 

wliipped milk and eggs ; -beberft, 

adj. covered with snow. 
Scfeneibe, /. {pi. -n) edge. 
f(^nefl, adj. quick, swift, rapid. 
<£c^nelligfcit/ /. quickness, swiftness. 
<Sd)nitter, m. (-d) cutter of corn, 

reaper ; -^iitte, /. reaper's hut. 
<B^m^, m. (-€d ; pi. -c) slip, chop, cut. 
f(^nutfeln> v. n. to snuffle, smell, snuflf. 
©c^mir, /. {pi. (Sc^nurc) lace, string, 

line, cord, slide. 
((fenurcn/ v. a. to lace, cord. 
©ci^olar, m. (-en ; pi. -en) scholar, 

pupil. [driftier. 

©(i^ottc, /. {pi. -n) clod, plaice, 
fc^on, adj. already, in time. 
fd^on, adj. handsome, beautiful, fine, 

fair, beauteous. 
fi^onenr v. n. to spare, preserve, save, 

to be merciful. 
©({(on'^eit, /. {pi. -en) beauty, fair- 
ness, fineness, handsomeness. 
©c^pnung* /. {pi. -en) forbearance, 

©(^o(d)p, m. (-cS; pi. <Sc^o§e) lap, 

bosom, womb ; jig. place of rest 

and security ; in ©otted — , under 

the care of God. [head, 

©c^opf, m. (-e« ; pi. (Sd)opfe) top, tuft, 
f(i)o^)fen, V. a. to draw (water, &c.). 
©c^opfcr, m. (-0) creator, maker ; 

drawer of water. 
©c^cj)fun3i /• {pi- -^") creation. 
®d)orn|lein, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) cliimney. 
®c^pp, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©c^offe) shoot, 

sprig, scot, lax, story. 
f(]^ofren, -V. n. to shoot out, up or 

forth ; — , V. a. to pay scot. 
(S^oplinc;, m. (-c5 ; pi. -e) offspring, 

offshoot, sprig. 

©(gramme, /. {pi. -n) scratch, slash. 

^d)xmk, f. {pi. -n) bar, rail, lists, 
bounds, limits, 

©(^raube, f.{pl.-n) screw. 

®d)recf(en), m. (-e(n)^) terror, fright, 
consternation, fear, alarm ; -^aft, 
adj. terrific, fearful, timid ; -lid), 
adj. terrible, horrible, frightful ; 
-en, ®. a. to frighten, affright, ter- 
rify ; -jeit, /. time of terror. 

©c^rctf en^QOttin, /, inspiring goddess. 

©c^recfen^monb, m. moon of terror. 

©d^redfenSna^e, /. dreaded presence. 

©c^retfen^jlunbe, /, dreaded hoar, 
hour of terror. 

©c^rei, m. shriek, cry, scream. 

©d)reibart, /. {pi. -en) style. 

©c^reiben, n. (-(3) letter, epistle, 
writing ; — , v. a. ir. to write. 

©djretbcr, m. {-^) writer, copyist, 
scribe, clerk, secretary, 

©d}rcibjeu(j, n. (-esJ; pi. -e) writing 
material, inkstand. 

fd^rcien, v. n. ir. to shriek, cry, scream. 

fd^reitcn, v. n. ir. to stride, step, walk. 

©c^rift, /, {pi. -en) writing, writ, 
scripture ; l^eilige — , holy writ, 
Bible ; -lid), adj. written ; -jletle^ 
rifc^, adj. literary, as an author. 

©d)ritt, m. (-ed ; pi. -c) stride, step, 
pace ; einen — t^un, to take a step. 

f^roff, adj. rugged, steep, harsh, 
rough. [to intimidate. 

fc^ud)tern, adj. shy, timid ; — madden, 

©c^u^, m. (-ed ; pi. -e) shoe, foot. 

©c^ulb,/. {pi. -en) guilt, culpability, 
crime ; fault, debt, cause ; — fcin, 
to be the cause of ; — geben, to 
accuse ; -Ui, adj. guiltless ; -lo* 
ftgfeit,/. innocence, guiltlessness; 
-»oII, adj. guilty, culpable. 



fc^ulben^albcr, ad/c. on account of 

fc^ulbig, ad^. guilty, obliged, due, in- 
debted ; — fein, to owe. 

<Sc^ulc, /. {pi -n) school. 

©chiller, m. H); -in, /. {v^. -nen) 
scholar, pupil. [money. 

(Sd>ulgeli), n. (-e^ ; pi. -cr) schooling- 

(Sc^ulgeU^rte (ber) m. (-n; pi. -n, or 
ein -r) scholar. 

©c^ulmeijler, m. (-S) school-master. 

©(gutter, /. {pi. -n) shoulder. 

fc^ultcritr 1?. a. to shoulder, place on 
one's back. [maker. 

<Sc^u^ma(|er, m. (-^) -meifler, shoe- 

©d^urfe, m. (-n; pl.-xi) knave, rogue, 
scoundrel, villain. 

fc^urlifc^f ddj. knavish, rascally. 

©c^urx, m. (-e«; pi -e); (Sc^iirje, /. 
(^?. -n) apron. [up. 

fc^itrjen, id. a. to tie, knit, tie up, truss i 

©i^ui, m. (-ffe^; pi ®d)iiffe) shot, 
shoot, report, throw, ■gun. [bowl, 

©d^iiffeU /. {pi -n) dish, platter, 

©c^ufler, m. (-d) «ee ©(^u^mac^er. 

©d^utt, m. (-e^) rubbish, ruins, re- 
fuse, mound. 

fi^utteln, V. a. to shake, stir. 

fd^uttcn, V. a. to shake out, pour 
forth, shed, cast. 

©d^u^» m. (-e<5) defence, protection ; 
shelter ; -enget, m. (-^) guardian 
angel ; -ort» m. place of refuge, 

©c^u^c, m. {pi. -n) shooter, marks- 
man, shot, guard, archer, bow- 

f^u^en, v. a. to protect, guard, shel- 
ter, defend ; -regcl, /. regulations 
for shooting. 

©d^ii^cr, m. see ^t\6jVi%tx, 

fd^tDac^, adj. weak, feeble, delicate. 

infirm ; -^ett,/. {pi -en) weakness, 
infirmity, frailty. [ness. 

(Sc^wcic^e,/. {pi -n) weakness, feeble- 

f(^»ad^en, v. a. to weaken, debilitate, 
enfeeble, enervate ; deflower. 

\^XO(X^\\^, adj. weak, feeble, infirm, 

©(^wac^Ung, m. (-e« ; pi -c) weakly 
person, imbecile. [dron. 

<Bd)tt)abron/ /. ( pi -en) troop, squa- 

®d)n)ager, m. {-i ; p?. ©c^wager) 
brother-in-law, postilion. 

©(^wci^er, «e6 <oc^»ieger»ater« 

©d)tt>albe, /. (p^. -n) swallow. 

(Sdjwalg, (S(^n)al(^, m. (-e«; ^;. -c) 
opening in the furnace, by which 
the flame goes in upon the metal ; 
billow, wave, pharynx. 

©c^man, m. (-e<S ; pi ©djroane) swan. 

©d)K>anenbett, n. down-bed. 

fc^wanger, a<Z;. pregnant. 

fc^wanfcn, v. n. to waver, fluctuate, 
vacillate, to be irresolute, uncer- 
tain, stagger, hesitate ; — , v. a. 
to agitate, wave ; rinse. 

(S^tDanling, m. {-i ; pi -e) cygnet. 

(Sd^»anj, m. (-e^ ; pi ©(^wanje) tail, 
train. [swarm, crowd, 

©d^wamt, m. (-e^; pi ©c^wcirme) 

fc^roarmen, v. n. to swarm, wander, 
riot ; rave. 

©d^warmer, m. {-4) reveler, rocket ; 
-rotte, /. (pi -n) sect or set ol j 
fanatics or bigots. [fanaticism. 1 

<Sd^n)drmerei, /. {pi -en) enthusiasm, 

©d^warj, n. black color; — / adj. 
black, dark, gloomy. 

<B6:)Waxii, f. blackness, swarthiness. 

fd^warjcnf v. a. to black, blacken. 

fd^roetsenf v. n. to float, hover, soar, 
to be suspended, to be impendent } 
in ©cfa^r — / to be in danger. 



©d^webcn, n. Sweden. 

fc^tpcbifc^, adj. Swedish. 

(Sd^wefel, m. (-^) brimstone, sulpliur. 

©^wcif, m. (-c^ ; pi. -c) tail, train. 

fd^njeifettf v. n. to ramble, wave ; — , 
V. a. to fumisli with a tail. 

fc^weijtg, adj. with a tail. [yard. 

Sd^weige,/. {prov.) herd, flock, fai-m- 

©d^Weigcttf n. (-^) silence ; — , ■». n. ir. 
to be silent, keep still, to be 
hushed, keep a secret. 

©c^wein, n. {-zi\ pi. -e) hog, pig, 
swine. [moisture, toil. 

©c^weip, w.(-e^) sweat, perspiration, 

fd^welgcn, v. n. to banquet, feast, 
carouse, revel, riot. 

©i^meae, /. {pi -n) threshold. 

fci^wcllen, V. n. ir. to swell, raise ; 
— , V. a, to cause to swell. 

fc^wer, adj. heavy, weighty, hard, 
diflBcult ; -lic^, adj. hardly, scarce- 
ly ; -mut^, /. low spirits, melan- 
choly ; -miit^igr adj. dejected, sad, 
melancholy ; -niut|)(d)»ott, adj. full 
of melancholy, sad. 

©c^wcrCf/. {pi. -n) gravity, weight, 
heaviness, difficulty. 

©d>wert, n. (-c^ ; pi. -cr) sword ; -li^ 
waffnet, adj. armed with a sword ; 
-fc^lag, m. (-e^ ;^;. -fd)ta9e); -flreic^, 
m. {-ti\ pi. -e) stroke or blow 
with a sword. 

(Sd^wci^er, /. {pi. -n) sister ; -lic^, adj. 
& adv. sisterly. 

8d)wle9ermutter, /. {pi. -miittcr) 
mother in-law. [in-law. 

©rf)n>icgcrfo^n, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fo^nc) son- 

'S(t)n?tC9er»atcr, m. (-^ ; pi. -\)atcr) 

fd)tt?icrict, adj. hard, difficult. 

fdjJDimmen, t>. n. ir. to swim, float. 

<3(^tt5inbcl, m. {-i) giddiness. 

fii)n)inbeln» v. n. to be giddy, dizzy ; 
— 1 1). a. to make giddy, humbug. 

fd)tt>inbcn, v. n. to vanish, disappear, 
die away, diminish, dry up, be- 
come thin. 

®d)winge, /. {pi. -n) swing, fan, 
wing ; {in the plural) wings, pin- 
ions, vibrations, swingings ; — , 
xi. a. ir. to swing ; — , v. r. to rise 
up, soar, mount. 

fd^roirrcn, v. n. to whir, chirp. 

fc^mi^en, 'D. 11. to sweat, perspire ; — , 
V. a. to cause to sweat. 

fd^TOoren, v. a. & n. ir. to swear, vow, 
promise solemnly, take an oath. 

fd^tDiil, adj. close, sultry, hot. 

©(^IDule, /. sultrinesa 

©c^tDung, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©d^wunge) 
swing, soaring, vibration, motion, 
enthusiasm, extasy (p. 95). 

<Sc^n>ur, m. {-zi ; pi. ©djwure) swear- 
ing, oath, solemn vow. 

©clave, see ©flavc. 

©cla»entugcnb, /. slavish virtue. 

©cru^el, see ©frupel. 

©culptur, /. sculpture. 

fec^^, adj. six. 

fed>|le, adj. sixth. 

fcd^je^n, adj. sixteen. 

©ecretdr, m. (-^ ; pi. -e) secretary. 

©ecte, /. {pi. -n) sect. [lake. 

©ec, /. {2)1. -n) sea ; m. (-c^; pi. -in) 

©eclc, /. {pi. -n) soul ; mind, pith 
(of a quill) ; Se|l aUer ©eelcn, All 
Soul's day. [plication, prayers. 

©eclenflc^cn, n. heartfelt, earnest sup- 

©eelenfricbe, /. peace of soul <)r mind. 

©celcnfraft, /. power of the soul, 
faculty of the mind. [mind. 

©cclcnru^e, /. tranquillity of soul or 



(Segel, ?i. {-§) sail ; grope — , main 
sail ; unter — ge^en, to set sail. 

fegeln, v. n. & a. to sail. 

©egen, m. (-^) benediction, blessing, 
bliss ; -buftenbf adj. blessing ; 
-(^)fraft, /. blessed power ; -reic^, 
adj. rich in blessing, blissful; 
-{g)tranff m. blessed draught ; 
-»ottf adj. blissful. [tion. 

fegnen, v. a. to bless, utter a benedic- 

fe^en, v. n. & a. ir. to see, view, look 
upon ; gem — r to like, approve ; 
^x^ — laffen, to appear, come 
forth, permit one's self to be seen. 

(Btijix, m. (-^) prophet, seer ; -auge, 
n. prophetic eye. 

©e'^ne, /. {pi. -n) sinew, nerve, ten- 
don, chord. 

<St^wn, n. longing, desire, ardent 
wish ; — , V. long (for), desire. 

)e^nlii^, adj. longinj? earnestly, de- 
sirous ; — , adv. eagerly, earnestly. 

©e^nfuc^t, /. earnest longing. 

fe^nfit^tig, see fe^nlid^. 

fe^r, adv. very, much, greatly. 

©eibe, /. silk ; ^o.\^-, f. sewing-silk. 

®eil, n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) rope, cord, band. 

©ein^ 71. (-3) being, existence ; — , 
pron. his, of him, &c. ; — , v. n. ir. 
to be, exist ; ba — / to exist ; ba^in 
— , to have passed, vanished, dis- 

\t\i, prep, since ; -bent, adv. since ; 
-tt)art<3f adv. sidewards, aside ; — 
langer 3eit, for a long time, long 

©eite, /. {pi -n) side, page ; »on ber 
— , sideways ; auf bic — t aside, 

<Sefte, see ©ecte. [apart. 

felkr, see felbf^. [one. 

felMger, -e, -c^,7}r<?«.. the same, that 

felbfl, pron. self, personality, ego ; 
— , adv. even ; ic^ — , I myself ; 
-bc^errfc^ung,/. self-command, self- 
control ; -erfenntnipf /. self-knowl- 
edge; -gefii^l, n. (-e^) conscious 
dignity (p. 95) ; -|eit, /. selfish- 
ness ; -fud^t, /. egotism, selfish- 
ness ; -ijergeffen, v. ir. & sep. to 
forget one's self; -jufrieben, adj. 

felig, adj. happy, blessed, deceased ; 
-felt, /. {pi. -en) blessedness, bliss- 
fulness, beatitude, happiness. 

felten, adj. rare ; — , adv. seldom. 

feltfam, adj. singular, strange, pev 
culiar, wonderful. 

fcnben, v. a. ir. to send (forward) ; 
jx<x6) Semanbem — , to send for. 

fenfen, v. a. to let down, sink, de- 
cline, lay plants ; ftd) — , to sink. 

fentimental, adj. & adv. sentimental, 

8entimentalitat, /. sentimentality. 

'Btxd'p^, m. (-^ pi. -e) seraph ; -im, 

©effel, m. {-i) chair, stool, seat. 

fe^en, v. a. to set, put, place, lay, 
supply, compose ; — auf, to set 
upon, venture ; — , v. n. to leap ; 
— , V. r. to seat one's self, sit down, 
perch, settle. 

<Se^er, m. {-i) compositor. 

©euc^e, /. ( pi. -n) contagious disease 

<Seufjer, m. {-i) sigh, ejaculation. 

fid^, pron. one's self, himself, &c. 

©ic^elr /. {pi. -n) sickle. 

fi^er, adj. sure, secure, safe ; -^cit» 
/. {pi. -en) safety, security, sure- 
ty ; -Itc^, adj. surely, certainly. 

ft(i)ern, v. a. to secure. [dent. 

ftc^tbar, adj. visible, manifest, evi- 



©ie6; n. (-e^ ; pi. -e) sieve. 

fiebcrtf V. a. to shift, bolt, garble ; — , 
adj. seven ; cine b$i'e — r a shrew, 
scold ; -fac^, -fciUig, adj. sevenfold ; 
-te, adj. seventh. 

©icbenburgcn, Transylvania, prov- 
ince of Austria. [seventeenth. 

ftcbjet)n, adj. seventeen; -te, adj. 

fiebjtgf adj. seventy. 

jlebeit/ V. a. & n. ir. to seethe, boil. 

©ieg, m. (-c3 ; pi. -e) victory ; -ge^ 
frijnt, part. & arf;. crowned with 
victory ; -ijcrfunbenb, part. & adj. 
announcing victory ; -reid^» adj. 
victorious, triumphant. 

(Siegel, n. (-^) seal. 

flegen, ^. n. to conquer, triumph. 

<Sleger, m. (-^) conqueror, victor. 

©iege^blicf, m. triumphant look. 

©iegc^freub,/. triumphal victory. 

©iegei^fruc^t, /. spoils of war. 

(Siege^gott, wi. god of victory. 

©icgc^ru^m, m. glory of war, mar- 
tial fame. [victory. 

<Sicge«fjeic^en, n. {-i) trophy, sign of 

fie^c ! int. see I lo 1 behold 1 

©ilber, n. (-^) silver ; -grau, adj. sil- 
ver-gray ; -grofc^en; -m. (-d) silver- 
coin, groat ; -\)iU, adj. silvery ; 
-^ellc (£timmc, -^cllcr illang, sil- 
very voice or sound ; -quelle^ /. 
silvery spring ; -firom, m. silver- 
tide ; -trcip, adj silvery white ; 
-Wolfe, /. silvery cloud. 

fmgen, v. n. & a. to sing, chant. 

©inger, m. (-^) singer. 

ftnfen, v. n. ir. to fall, sink; — 
laffcn, to let down or lose ; — , v. a. 
to sink a shaft. 

©inn, m. (-c5 ; pi. -c) sense, mind, 
feeling, opinion, import ; -bilb, n. 

(-c^) emblem, symbol ; -bilblic^, 
adj. allegorical ; -lid), adj. sen- 
tient, sensual, worlul v ; -lid)fcit, /. 
{pi. -en) sensuality ; -Ui, adj. 
senseless, mad, irrational ; adv. ir- 
raiioaally ; -reic^, adj ingenious ; 
-fpruc^, m. {-ii ; pi. -!\rud)e) sen- 
tence, motto ; -serwirrenb/ adj. be- 
wildering, befooling. 

©innen, n. thought ; — , ■». 7i. ir. to 
think, ponder, meditate ; -welt, /. 
external world, world of sense, 
phenomenal world. 

©ire. Sire, Sir (addressed to a per- 
son of high rank). 

©itte* /. {pi. -n) custom, usage, 
morals, manners. [discreet. 

[ittfam, adj. well-behaved, modest, 

©i^, m. (-e^ ; pi. -z) seat, residence ; 

— ber ^crrfd}cr, capital. 

fi^en, v. n. ir. to sit, rest ; fit, to be 
imprisoned ; — laffcn, to abandon. 

©falbe, m. (-n ; pi. -n) old Scandi- 
navian poet, scald. 

<2fijje, /. (;>?.-n) sketch. 

flij^iren^ v. a. to sketch. 

©fla»e, m. (-n; pi. -n) slave. 

©flaijenbanbe, /. {pi. -n) shackles, 
slave. [dom. 

©fla»erci, /. {pi. -en) slavery, thral- 

ffla^ifd), adj. slavish. 

©frupel, m. (-^) scruple. 

fo, adv. & conj. thus, if, so, as, in 
such a manner ; — ani), with ad- 
jectives or adverbs, however, e. g. 

— grcp aud^, however great ; — 
balb (al^), as soon as ; -bann, adn. 
then ; -fcrt, adv. immediately ; 
-gar, adc even, but, also ; -gcnannt, 
adj. so-called ; -gleici^, ado. im- 
mediately ; nun -glcid), thus, then ; 



fo? indsed? -To'it or -m% aU 
au^f as well as. 

©o^Ie, /. {pi. -n) sole, sill, salt- 
water ; hi^ auf bie — , down to the 
very soles of liis feet (78). 

<So|n, m. (-e<3 ; pi. ©iJtjne) son. 

(So^ne^pTlict)t, /. filial duty. 

©o^nleiu, dimin. of ©o^u. 

folc^enfaE^, ad-o. in such a case. 

folc^er* -e, -i, pron. such, the same. 

<Solb, m. (-e^) pay. 

©olbat, m. (-eii; p^. -en) soldier. 

follenf y. 7i. i>. to be obliged, shall, 
owe, to be, to be said to. 

©ommerr m. (-^) summer. 

fonac^, adv. thereto, accordingly. 

<5onbe, /. {pi. -n) probe. 

fonber, adj. separate, distinct, par- 
ticular ; — , prep, without ; -bar, 
adj. strange, singular ; -\\^, adj. 
particular ; adv. especially ; -lin^, 
m. (-^ ; pi. -e) singular person, 
strange fellow. [ — , conj. but. 

fonberri/ v. a. to separate, sunder ; 

©onne, /. {pi. -n) sun. 

©onnenk^n, /. {jpl. -en) course of the 
sun ; fig. path of virtue, glorious 

©onnenbranb, m. (-e^) sun-burning. 

©onnenferne, /. {pi. -n) distance be- 
tween solar systems, aphelion. 

fonncn^eff, adj. bright as the sun, 
very evident. pigbt. 

©onnenfd^ein, m. (-e^) sunshine, sun- 

©onnenjlaubci^en, n. {-i) atom, mote. 

©onnenf^ra'^I, m. (-e^ ; pi. -en) ray of 
the sun, sun-beam. 

fonnig, adj. sunny. 

©onntag, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) Sunday. 

fcnjlf adv. else, otherwise, formerly. 

©o))^idma, n.{pl. ocp^iiSnieu) sophism. 

(Sorge, /. {pi. -n) care. 

forgen, v. n. & a. to fret, to be 
anxious, worry, care, mind, take 
care ;' sorrow ; -»ott, adj. sorrow- 

<Sorgfalt> /. care, carefulness. [ful. 

forgfaltiij, adj. careful, diligent. 

forgiaBif adj. anxious, mindful, care- 

fpd^en* V. n. & a. to spy, pry, explore. 

<Bpdl)tx, m. {-i) spy ; -tritt, m. prying 
step. [vide. 

fpalten, v. a. & n. to split, cleave, di- 

(Spange, /. {pi. -n) buckle, clasp, 

fpannen, v. a. to stretch, strain, ex- 
tend, span ; — , v. n. to listen 
eagerly ; ben Sogen — , to bend 
the bow, take aim. 

<opannung, /. {pi. -en) extension, ten- 
sion, quarrel. 

fparen, v. a. to spare, save. 

(Sparer, m. {-i) saver, sparer. 

fparllc^, adj. spare, parsimonious. 

oparren, m. spar, rafter ; einen — ju 
»iel ^akn, to be crazy. [gal. 

fparfant, adj. saving, economical, fru- 

©pa§, m. {-ti ; pi. (3pa§e) jest, joke, 

fpat, adj. & adv. late. [fun, sport. 

fpajieren, v. n. to walk leisurely, go 
for pleasure ; — gel^en, to take a 

©pajiergang, m. (-ea ; pi. -gange) walk. 

©pecerei, /. ( pi. -en) spice, ointment. 

©peer, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) spear, lance. 

©petc^e, /. {yl. -n) spoke. 

©peic^er, m. (-§) store, granary, 
corn-loft ; warehouse. 

fpeien, v. n.&a.ilr. to spit, vomit. 

©peife, /. {pi -n) food, meat, nou^ 
ishment, victuals. 

fpeifen, v. n. to eat, dine, sup ; — , 



V. a. to feed, entertain at table, 

fpenbcH/'^. a. to distribute, deal out. 

©perling, m. {-c^ ; j>?. -e) sparrow. 

fperren, v. a. to bur, stop, barricade, 
close up ; auf-, to open widely ; 
V. r. to struggle against, resist. 

©pcjerei* see opecerei. 

©p^arc, /. {pi. -n) sphere. 

©piegel, wi. (-^) looking-glass, mir- 
ror ; -^ut^, /. clear stream. 

fpicgcln, v. n. to shine, reflect, glit- 
ter ; — , V. r. to reflect one's 
image from a mirror, to take as 
an example. 

©piel, n. (-€d; pi. -e) play, game, 
gambling ; -gcfcU, m. (-en; pi. -en) 
play-fellow ; -mann, m. {-t^ ; pi. 
-leute) musician, fiddler. 

fpielcn, V. a. & n. to play, trifle, game, 

<Bph\i, m. {-ii ; pi. -c) spear, lance ; 
-rutt>e, /. {pi. -en) switch, gaunt- 
let ; -(n) laufen; to run the gaimt- 

(©pinncngewck, n.{-i)\ (©pinnwcbc, /. 
cobweb, spider's web. 

fpinnen, v. n. & a. ir. to spin. 

©pi^, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) wolf-dog ; — , 
adj, pointed ; -finbig, adj. & adv. 
cunning, deep, subtle, crafty, 

©pi&e» /• {pi- -n) point, top, lace ; 
an ber — , at the head ; an bcr — 
flel^en, to be at the head. 

fpt^cn, -o. a. to point, clip ; bic C^rcn 
— , to prick up the ears. 

©porn, m. {-ti\pl. -en & ®porcn)8pur. 

fporncn, v. a. to spur, put on spurs, 
stimulate, urge. 

©pott, m.(-cd)mockcry, scorn, irony. 

fpottcn, V. n. & a. to mock, deride, 
scoff", ridicule. [tongue. 

(Sprac^e, /. {pi. -n) speech, language, 

fprac^b^, adj. speechless. 

®pra(^»crn)irrunc5, /. corruption of 
language, confusion of tongues. 

oprec^art, /. {pi. -en) idiom, dialect. 

|pred)en, v. a. & n. ir. to speak, pro- 
nounce, discourse, say ; gut »on 
eincm — , to speak well of one. 

fprciten, v. a. to spread. 

fprengcn, v. a. kn. to scatter, sprinkle 
water, burst open, blow, ride, 
gallop. [erb, saying (by-word). 

©pric^wort, n. {-zi ; pi. -worter) prov- 

fpringen, v. n. ir. to spring, leap, hop, 
jump, crack, burst. 

fpri^en, v. a. & n. to spirt, spatter, 
spout, sprinkle, syringe. [nate. 

fproffen, v. n. to sprout, shoot, germi- 

©pro^Ung, m. {-i\ pi. -e) sprout, 
shoot, scion. [sentence. 

©pnic^, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©pruc^e) saying, 

fprubcln, v. a. to bubble, sputter, 

fprii^en, v. n. to drizzle, emit sparks, 
— , V. a. to spread. 

fpulcn, T). a. to wash, rinse. 

©pur, /. {pi. -en) track, vestige, 
trace, rut. 

fpiirt^ar, adj. traceable, perceivable. 

fpiiren, x>. a. & n. to track, trace, 
search, perceive. 

©taat, m. (-c^ ; pi. -en) state, pomp. 

©taat^actlon, /. public funds, stocks. 

©taat^fcrm, /. form of fashion of 
state. [bar (of metal). 

©tab, m.(-ed; pi. ©tdk) staff", stick, 

©tarf)cl, m. (-3; pi. -n) sting, prick, 
prickle, thorn, goad, tongue (of 
a buckle) ; -beerc,/. ( pi. -n) gooss- 



berry ; -mxt, n. {-ti ; pi, -€) 
piercing speecli or word, sarcasm. 

(Stabt, /. {pi ©tabte) town, city. 

©ta^I, m. (-e^) steel ; -kbecft, adj. 

fta^lcu, «. a. to steel, [clad in armor. 

flakier rt, adj. made of steel. 

(Stall, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©toiae) stable, 
stall ; -fnec^t, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) host- 
ler, groom ; -meifier, m. {-i) mas- 
ter of the horse, riding-master, 

©tamm, m. {-a ; pi. ©tamme) stem, 
trunk (of a tree), stock, race (in 
heraldry, family-tree) ; -gut, n. 
(-e^ ; pi. -giiter) hereditary prop- 

flantmen, n. n. to originate, descend. 

j^ammen, -». a. to stem, dam; — , 
^. n. to resist. 

<Bim'pi\, see ©temvel. [stamper. 

©tampfe, /. {pi. -n) stamping, 

j^ampfen, v. n. & a. to stamp ; beat. 

©tanb, m. {-t^; pi. Stciitbe) stand, 
state, condition, station, position, 
attitude ; -punft, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) 
point of view, station ; — ^alten, 
to make a stand, stand firm, hold 
place, maintain one's ground ; ju 
(Stanbe bringen, to bring about ; ju 
©tanbe fommen, to be achieved ; im 
©tanbc feitt, to be able. 

©tanbe, /. the States-general ; cham- 
bers of deputies. 

©tanbd^en, n. {-^) serenade. 

©tanbe^fleib, n. dress worn by per- 
sons of rank, court-dress. 

©ta))el, m. {-^) stake, heap, pile, em- 
porium, staple, warehouse, mart ; 
yom — laJTen, to launch. 

flarf, adj. strong, stout, robust, 
sturdy, vigorous ; thick, corpulent. 

8tar!e, /. strength, stoutness, force ; 

ftarr, adj. stiff, rigid, fixed, infl'exible. 

Ilarren, v. n. to be stiff, run cold, 
grow numb ; stare. 

©tarrfopf, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fopfe) stub- 
born person. [born, obstinate. 

jlarrfopfig, adj. headstrong, stub- 
fiat, adj. fixed, unmoved. 

©tatt, /. place, stead ; -|akit or 
-ftnben, to have or take place ; 
-ftnben laffen, to concede ; an feiner 
— , in his stead ; — , prep, instead 
of, in lieu of; -lic^, adj. stately, 
portly, magnificent, splendid. 

(Statte, /. {pi. -n) place. 

©tatite, /. {pi. -n) statue. 

(Staub, m. (-e^) dust, powder ; -Wolfe, 
/. {pi. -n) cloud of dust. 

jlaubig, adj. dusty. 

(Staube, /. (^iJ.-n) shrub, bush. 

flaunen, ■». n. to be astonished, stare. 

I^ec^en, «. a. & n. to prick, sting, 

jletfen, v. n. to stick, stick fast, to 
be fixed ; — , -». a. to stick, fix, 
plant, put ; — t>leiknf to stick fast, 
hesitate ; to be stumped ; in S3ranb 
— , to set on fire ; — laffen, to 
abandon ; ju ft(^ — , to put into 
one's pocket. 

flel&en, •». n. ir. to stand, remain, to 
be ; — Heikn, to stand still, stop ; 
jle^enben %yx^i^, upon the spot, 
without delay, immediately ; — 
fiir, to be responsible or answer- 
able or to vouch for. 

I^el^len. -». a. ir. to steal, rob, pilfer. 

©teige, /. {pi. -n) ladder, stair-case, 
steps, score. 

fleigen, i\ n. ir. to mount, ascend. 




rise, increase ; ^'mab-, ^inuntcr-, to 
descend. [bid, increase. 

fleigern, v. a. to raise the price, out- 

©tcin, m. (-6(3; pi -e) stone, rock 
kernel, man (in draught and 
chess); -fru(^t, / {pi. -friic^te) 
Btone-frnit ; -funbc^ /. lithology ; 
-objl/ n. {-ti) see ©teinfruc^t. 

j^eincrn, adj. stone, stony, built of 

jleinig, adj. stony, of stone, [stone. 

6tei§, m. (-c^) buttocks, rump. 

©telle, /. {pi. -n) place, stand, spot ; 
passage (in a book) ; auf ber — , 
on the spot, immediately. 

fldlen, V. a. to put, place, set ; jld^ — , 
to appear ; jufrieben — , to appease, 
satisfy ; frei — , to leave a free 
choice ; auf bie 9)ro^e — , to try. 

©teffung, /. {pi. -en) position, situa- 
tion, attitude. 

flemmen, see flammen. [mint). 

©tempel/ m. (-^) stamp, die (at the 

©tengel, m. (-5) stalk, blade, stem. 

<Bttx1>tbttt, m. (-e^) deathbed. 

Sterbeglotfe, /. funeral-bell. 

©terbefleib, n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) winding- 
sheet, [hymn. 

(Sterbelieb, n. {-ii ; pi. -er) funeral- 

flcrbcn, v. n. ir. to die, expire. 

flcrblid^, adj. mortal, perishable. 

©tern, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) star, (im 5lugc) 
pupil, asterisk ; -bilb, n. (-ed; pi. 
-er) constellation ; -d)tn, n. {-i) 
little star, asterisk ; -beutung, /. 
{pi. -en) astrology ; -enba^n, / 
{pi. -en) starry orbits ; -en»elt, /. 
starry world. 

ilet^, adv. continually, always, ever. 

©teuer, n. (-«) rudder, helm, steer- 
age; — , f. {pi. -n) contribution, 
tax ; -mann, m. {-ii j pi -leute) 

mate ; -funf!, /. navigation ; -ru* 
ber, n. (-^) helm, rudder. 

fleuern, v. a. & n. to steer, pilot, 
check, control, contribute; pre- 

jlief, in comp. step ; -finb, n. step- 
child ; -mutter, /. step-mother ; 
-fc^tt)e|ler,/. step-sister, half-sister. 
-fo^n, m. step-son ; -tod^ter, /. step- 
daughter ; -»ater, m. step-father. 

©tiege//. {pi. -n) stair, ladder ; road. 

j^ieren, v. n. to stare, look amazed. 

jliften, xi. a. to tack, found, institute, 
establish, cause, excite. 

jlttt(e), adj. still, quiet, calm ; — , 
int. peace ! -||alten, to keep still 
or quiet ; -f(^tt>eigcn, to be silent ; 
n. (-g) silence ; -fd)roeigenb, adj. 
silent, understood; -fc^ttjeigenb^, 
adv. in silence, without speaking ; 
-j^anb, m. (-0) cessation, suspen- 
sion ; -jle^en, to stop, stand quietly, 
keep still or quiet. 

©tille, /. stillness, quietness, tran 
quillity, silence. 

©ttmme, /. {2)1. -n) voice, vote. 

jlimmen, t. n. to sound, tune ; — , 
V. a. to tune ; vote. 

©timmred^t, n. right of voting. 

©timntung, /. ( pi. -en) tune, disposi- 
tion, humor. [front. 

©tirn(c),/. {pi. -en) forehead, brow, 

©tocf, m. {-ti ; j)^- ©tiJrfe) stock, 
stick, staff, walking-stick, block. 

©toff, m. {-t^'^pl. -e) stuff, matter. 

jlo^nen, v. n. to groan. 

jlolperig, adj. rough, stumbling. 

flolpern, T). a. to stumble, [bergen. 

©tottberger, m. a native of StoU- 

©tolj, w. (-ed) pride, haughtiness ; 
— , adj. proud, haughty. 



floljtrcn, «. a. to be proud, boast, 
strut. [a pipe, dam ; darn, 

jlo})fettf «. a. to stuff, stop, cork, fill 

jloreit/ «. n. to stir, disturb, rum- 
mage ; — , «. a. to interrupt. 

florrig, ad^. sturdy, stubborn, inflex- 

©top, m. (-e^ ; 'pl. ©toge) tbrust, 
push, hit, kick ; shock ; brunt ; 

jlopen, D. a. ir. to thrust, push, 
strike, butt, kick, throw, cast, 
pound ; ftc^ an ctwa^ — , to take 
offence at something ; — , ■z?. n. to 
push against, strike against, join ; 
JU-, to join. [guilty. 

firafbttr, adj. punishable, culpable, 

©trafe, /. ( yl. -n) punishment, chas- 
tisement, mulct, fine. 

flrafen, -o. a. to punish, chastise, 
rebuke ; einen Citgen — , to give a 
person the lie. 

flraff adj. stretched, extended, tense. 

Praflo^, adj. unpunished, guiltless. 

<Stra:^I, m. (-ei^ ; 'pl. -en) flash, beam, 
lay. [rays, radiate, beam. 

flra^len, -». a. & n. to shine, emit 

©tranb, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) strand, 
shore, beach. 

©trang, m. (-e^ ; yl. (Strange) rope, 
cord ; jum — »crurt§eilen/ to con- 
demn to the gallows. [way. 

©trape, /. ( 'gl. -n) road, street, high- 

(Strauben, n. (-^) resistance ; — , ??. a. 
to stand on end, bristle ; — , 'o. r. 
to bristle up, oppose, resist. 

©traud^, m. (-ed ; pi. <Straud^cr) bush, 
shrub. [stumble. 

jlrauci^eln, -o. n. to trip in walking, 

©trau^f m. (-c^ ; pi. ©traupe) nosegay; 
strife, conflict ; fight, ostrich. 

©trauplein, n. nosegay, little bouquet 

07' wreath. [buttress, 

©trek, /. {pi. -n) shore, prop, stay, 
(Stxtbtn, n. (-g) effort ; — , v. n. to 

strive, struggle, resist, aspire (to). 
©trecEc, /. {pi. -n) extent, tract, 

jlretfcn, v. a. & n. to stretch, extend ; 

SBaffen — , to lay down arms ; ju 

SBoben — , to strike to the ground. 
<Strci(f>, m. {-ii'^pl. -e) blow, stroke, 

lash, trick. 
flreic^eln, 'c. a. to stroke, caress. 
flrei(^en, -». n. ir. to pass quickly, 

rush, rove ; — , id. a. to stroke, 

flatter, rub, whet, efface, rub off! 
<3treif(en), m. (-^) stripe, streak ; — , 

■». n. to pass superficially, graze, 

rove ; — , v. a. to stripe. 
©treit, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) fight, combat, 

strife, dispute, difficulty. 
jlreiten, v. n. ir. to fight, combat, 

dispute, wrangle, quarrel, con- 
test, controvert. 
©treiter, m. (-a) fighter, disputant. 

quarreler, combatant ; champion. 
©trettigfeit, /. {pi. -en) contention, 

controversy, dispute. 
flreng, adj. severe, strict. 
©trengc, /. strictness, severity, [kle. 
J^rcuen, v. a. to strew, scatter, sprin- 
©tricf , m. (-e<5 ; pi. -e) rope, cord, line, 
jlritfen, v. a. & n. to knit, net. 
©tront, m. (-e^ ; pi. ©tromc) stream, 

river ; current, flood ; be^ QJoIbeS 

©trfime, streams or oceans of gold. 
I^romen, v. n. to stream, flow, gush 

©tromungf/. {pi. -en) stream, current. 
(Structur, /. structure (of a building, 

sentence, &c.). 



©trubcl, m. (-«) whirlpool, eddy, giilf. 

©trumpf, m. {-t^ ; pi. <5trumpfc) 

©tubCr /. {pi. -n) room, chamber. 

(StiibUinr n. (-^) dimia. of ®tubc» 

(Stiicf , n. (-cd ; pi. -c) piece, part, bit, 
fragment; play; -vozxh ii. (-e^; 
pi. -c) imperfect work, piecework. 

©tubcnt, m. (-en; pi. -en) student. 

©tubien/ see Stubium. 

flubuen, x. a. & w. to study. 

<Stubium, n. {pi. ©tubien) study, liter- 
ary pursuit. [stage. 

(Stufc, /. {pi. -n) step, degree, grade, 

©tufen^folge, /.; -gang, m. H ; V'^- 
-gcinge) scale, gradation. 

©tu^l, m. {-zi ; pi. ©tii^Ie) chair, 
stool, seat, tribunal. 

jlumm, adj. dumb, mute ; silent. 

©tumpf, m. {-ti;pl. (Stumpfe) stump; 
— , adj. blunt, dull, insipid, ob- 

<Stunbe, /. {pi. -n) hour, lesson; 
a German geographical measure, 
equals 2^ Engl, miles). 

jliinbUc^, adj. & adv. hourly. 

©turnt, m. {-ti ; pi. ©tiirme) storm, 
tempest, alarm ; — laufen, to 
storm a town ; -fejl, adj. storm- 
proof ; -wetter, n. (-^) storm, tem- 
pest ; -winb, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) tem- 
pestuous wind. 

jlurmcn, v. n. to storm, rush with 
violence ; roar, rage ; — , d. a. to 
storm, assail. 

fhirmifci^, adj. stormy, tempestuous, 
boisterous ; violent. 

©turj, m. {-ii\ pi. ©tiirje) rush, fall, 
overthrow, precipice ; -giitcr, /. 
goods shipped in bulk. 

jliirjen, v. a. to fall suddenly, to be 

precipitated, tumble, rush, gush ; 

— , V. a. to plunge, precipitate. 

overturn, ruin, tilt, 
©tu&e, /. {pi. -n) prop, support, stay, 
jlii^en, n. a. to prop, support, bear 

up, lean ; — , v. r. to lean upon, 

rely upon. 
fubtil, adj. subtile, subtle. 
©ubtilitat, /. subtility. [try. 

fud)en, V. a. to seek, search, aim at ; 
©iib(en), m. {-i) south, tropic ; -li(|, 

adj. south, southern ; -wcirt^, adv. 

southwards ; -toinb, m. {-ii ; pi. 

-e) southwind. 
©ul)ne, /. expiation. 
fiibnen, v. a. to expiate, appease. 
©ultan, m. (-^ ; pi. -e) sultan ; -in, 

/. {pi. -nen) sultana. [ber. 

©umme, /. {pi. -n) sum, total num- 
fumnten, v. a. to sum up, cast up ; 

— ,'o.n. to buzz. 
©umpf, m. {-ii ; pi. ©itmpfe) morass, 

swamp, marsh, bog, fen. 
©itnbe, /. {pi. -n) sin, trespass, 
©iinber, m. (-^); -in, /. {pi. -nen) 

sinner, delinquent, 
funbig, adj. sinful, 
fiif, adj. sweet ; -igfcit, /. {pi. -en) 

sweetness ; -\\6), adj. sweetish. 
©^mptom, n. {-ii ; pi. -e) symptom. 
©^rafu^, n. Syracuse. 
©9flem, n. {-H ; pi. -e) system, 
fpjlematif^, adj. systematical. 
©jene, see ©cene, 

3:abel, m. {-i) fault, blemish, blame, 
reproof ; -|aft, adj. faulty, blam- 

tabeln, v. a. to find fault, blame. 



Safel, /. {pi -n) table, large board, 
tablet, slate, blackboard ; -runbe, 
/, round table. 
%ao,f m. {-ii ; pi. -e) day, daylight ; 
iei -e, in the day-time ; 3a^r unb 
— , for ever so long ; l^eut ju — , 
now-a-days, at present ; an ben — 
fommen, to be discovered, become 
known ; an ben — legen^ to show ; 
-gebanfe, m. constant thoughts ; 
-^ett, adj. & adv. light as day ; i?or 
— , before day(light). 

Sagelo^ner, m. (-^) day-laborer. 

tagcn, v. imp. to grow light, dawn ; 
— , V. n. to meet, assemble. 

S^agereife, /. {pL -n) day's journey. 

a^age^ankuc^, m. (-e^) day-break. 

S^age^traunt/ m. day-dream. [day, 

%CiQ,i^t\i, f. {pi. -en) time of the 

tdglic^, adv. daily, every day. 

3;aiffe, /. {pi. -n) waist. 

SEaftif, /. tactics. 

Saftifer, m. {-^) tactician, [tunica. 

Scalar, m. (-^; pi. -e) robe, gown, 

S^alent, m. (-e(5 ; pi. -e) talent. 

%<x\^, m. {-i^) tallow. 

3;almub, m. (-(3) Talmud. 

talmubtf(^, adj. Talmudical. 

S^ambour, m. (-^ ; pi. -e) dnmimer, 

3;anb, m. (-e^) idle things, trifles. 

Slannenbaum, m. (-e^ ; pi. -Mume) fir- 
tree, [wood. 

3;annenwalb, m. (-e^ ; pi. -walber) fir- 

3;ante, /. {pi. -n) aunt., m (-eS ; pi. STanjc) dance. 

tanjen; v. n. to dance. [dancer. 

Sanjcr, m. {-i) ; -in, /. {pi. -nen) 

tap fer, adj. brave, valiant, valorous, 
courageous ; -felt, /. valor, brav- 

toppen, V. n. to grope, fumble. 

Slafc^c, /. {pi. -n) pocket, pouch. 

a;af(^entu(^, n. {-ti ; pi. -tiic^er) pocket 

'^<^%^i /. {pi- -n) paw, claw. 

%Ci\x, n. {-ii ; pi. -e) cable, rope. 

taub, adj. deaf, unfeeling, senseless- 

Sldubd^en, n. {-i) dimin. of Zauht, ' 

%<xuM, f. {pi. -n) dove, pigeon. 

2;aukn^aua, n. (-[e« ; pi. -^dufer) ; 
-fc^Iag, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fc^ldge) pigeon- 
house, dove-cot. 

taudjen, v. a. to dip, dive, duck, im- 
merse, plunge. [register. 

SEoufbud), n. (-e^ ; pi. -t)U(^er) parish* 

taufen, v. a. to baptize. 

taugen, v. n. to be of use or fit for. 

Saumel, m. (-^) feeling, giddiness, 
intoxication ; -wa^n, wild, dis- 
tracting impulse. 

taumelig, adj. giddy, reeling ; — fetn, 
to reel, stagger. [stagger. 

taumeln, v. n. to be giddy, reel, 

%wx\6i„ m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) exchange, 

taufc^en, v. a. & n. to exchange, 
change (one's dress). [lude. 

tdufd)en, v. a. & n. to deceive, de- 

taufenb, adj. thousand ; -fac^, -fdltig, 
adj. thousandfold. 

tayiren, v. a. to tax, value. 

%^\^, m. (-e0 ; pi. -e) pond. 

Selefie, /. sapphire, telesia. 

Sete^f op, n. (-eS ; pi. -e) telescope. 

tele^fopifd^, adj. telescopic. 

3;empcl, m, (-^) temple ; -fc^dnber, m. 
(-^) temple-defiler. 

J^eppid^, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) carpet. 

iejl, m. (-e^; pi. -e) test, cupel. 

leflament, n. (-e^; pi. -c) testament, 
last will. 

2eufcL m. (-«) devil. 



Itcufel^birnc* /. ( pi. -n) sorceress. 

tcuflifcl, adj. devUish, diabolical. 

Xtxi, m. (-€^ ; pi. -c) text, theme. 

^^^U f. ( pi -en) deed, act, action ; 
ouf frtfc^er — , in the very act, in 
the deed, doing. 

tl|atenIoi3, adj. idle. [trator. 

Skater, m. (-^) doer, author, perpe. 

t^atij;/ adj. active ; -!eit, /. activity. 

^^i\^&l, adj. violent ; -felt, /. {pi. 
-en) violence, act of violence. 

2^au, m. (-e^) dew ; -winb, m. (-ed ; 
pi, -c) thawing-wind ; wind from 
the south. 

Sweater, n. (-^) theater, stage ; -%i* 
S^xaadt m. theatrical taste. 

2;^etl, m. (-c^ ; pi. -e) part, portion ; 
share ; volume ; -ne^mcn, to par- 
ticipate ; jum — , partly, in accord ; 
— t n. (-c^; noplur.) portion, gift, 
used mostly as signifying a divine 
blessing, or in poesy ; ju — werben, 
to Ml upon or to one, to fall to 
one's share ; -\)aUx, m. (-^) part- 
ner; -na^me, /. participation, 
share, sympathy. 

tl^cilen, V. a. to divide, share, part. 

S^colog, m. (-en; pi. -in) theologian. 

S^coIogiCr /. theology. 

t^eologifc^, adj. theological. 

t^cuer^ adj. dear, costly, precious. 

Zf^itx, n. (-e^; pi. -e) animal, beast ; 
-garten, m. (-^; pi. -garten) me- 
nagerie, zoological garden, large 
forest around Berlin ; -gerippe, n. 
skeleton of an animal ; -^eit; /. 
animal kingdom ; -ifd^, adj. ani- 
mal, brutal ; -reid^, n. (-ed ; pi. -c) 
animal kingdom ; ~mlU f. animal 

S^or, n. {-ti ; pi -e) gate ; — , m. 

(-en ; pi. -en) fool, simpleton ; 
-^eit, /. {pi. -en) folly, foolish- 

t^oric^t, adj. foolish, silly, [ness. 

S^rane, /. {pi. -n) tear, drop. 

I^ranenflut^, /. a flood of tears. 

t^ranenleer, adj. void of tears. 

t^ranen»ott> adj. tearful ; Jig. lament- 

Zi^xon, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) throne ; -^tm*- 
met, m. (-a) canopy ; -faal, m. (-e^; 
pi. -fale) hall of the throne, 

t^ronen, v. a. to be enthroned, reign. 

%\)xoni^o^, f. height of the throne. 

t^un, a. & n. ir. to do, make, per- 
form; feine ©c^ulMgfclt — , to do 
one's duty ; ju n>iffen — , to in- 
form ; e^ t^ut ni(i)t^, it is of no 
consequence ; Ct3 t^ut mir leib, I 
am sorry ; e^ i|l i^m um^ ®elb ju 
— , aU he cares for is the money ; 
er \^<xi c<3 tuo^l urn ©elbc^flang, he 
did it only for money's sake (74). 

3:pr(e), /. {pi. -en) door. 

I^urm, m. (-e« ; pi. a:^urme) tower, 
steeple ; -a^nlic^, adj. like a tower. 

Sprmc^cn, n. (-^) dimin. of 2;|urm. 

t^iirmen, d. a. to heap or pile up. 

t^iirmenb/ part. & adj. towering, ris- 
ing high. 

%\<xx<x, f. the pope's cap or mitre. 

tief, adj. deep, profound; -liegenb^ 
part. & adj. lying deep ; -fd^»e- 
fcenb# pa/rt. & adj. swaying low ; 
-|inn» m. (-e$) penetration, melan- 
choly, [abyss. 

2^iefe, /. {pi. -n) depth, deepness, 

Xiger, m. (-«) tiger; -fell, n. (-e«; 
pi. -e) tiger or spotted skin ; 
-wolf, m. (-e^ ; pi. -wiJIfc) spotted 
hyena ; -t^ier, n. (-c« ; pi. -c) tiger. 



tilgcttf V. a. to destroy, extinguish, 
redeem. [demption. 

Jilpng, /. (pi. -en) extinction, re- 

%i\^, m. (-e«; pi. -e) table, board ; 
-bed e, /. i^pl. -n) table-cloth, table- 

Siokn, n. (-^) raging, roaring ; — , 
15. n. to rage, roar, rant ; howl. 

toknb, part. & adj. raging, tempest- 
uous, boisterous, furious. 

3;oc^ter, /. {pi. 2;oc^ter) daughter. 

3;ob, m. (-e^) death; \^ Mn be^ J^obe^, 
I am a dead man ; -feinb, m. (-e^ ; 
pi. -e) mortal enemy. 

Xobe^^uttc, /. {pi. -n) veil of death. 

J^obe^gettoffef m. (-n; pi. -n) compan- 
ion in death. 

Slobe^fampf, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fampfe) 
death-struggle, agony of death. 

S^obe^nac^t, /, night, darkness of 

S^obe^opfer, n. victim. [death. 

3;obei5f(^laf, Slobe^fc^lummer, m. sleep 
of death or the dead. 

SobeiSilreic^, w. death-blow, finishing 
stroke, mortal blow. 

3)obe^uferf n. (-S) shore of death. 

3:;obe^urtf eil, n. (-^) sentence of death. 

tijblid^, adj. deadly, fatal, mortal. 

tob(t)f adj. dead, lifeless. 

tobtctt/ '0. a. to kill, put to death, 
slay, mortify (the flesh). 

Sobtenbein, n. a bone of the death. 

tobtenblap, adj. deadly pale. 

tobtenbleid^, adj. pale as death. 

Slobtengerippe, n. (-^) skeleton. 

2;obten9e»anb, n. (-e^ ; pi. -wanber) 
winding-sheet; shroud. 

Xobtengrciber, m. (-^) grave-digger. 

Jobten^aug, n. (-e^ ; _2?^. -^aufcr) char- 
nel-house; house of death or 

lobtcnflage, f. lamentation for tao 

dead, dirge. 
a:obten{ranj, m. (-eS ; pi. -frdnje) 

wreath for the dead. 
Slobtenfrone, /. death's crown. 
Slobtenfang, m. dirge, 
tott, adj. mad, crazy, wild. 
tolpifc^, adj. coarse, clumsy. 
Slon, m. (-e^ ; ^?. %mt) sound, toue. 
tonen, «. a. & ti. to sound, time. 
2;ottne, /. {pi. -n) tim, cask, barrel, 
Slopf, m. (-ee ; p?. Stopfe) pot. |_iun. 
3;ormf^er, m. {-%) knapsack. 
5lort, m. (-c^) mischief, injury. 
3::ortur/ /. {pi. -en) torture, rack. 
traben, -o. ti. to trot. 
%x(k^i, f. {pi. -en) carriage, lt>dd; 

costume, dress. 
3;ra^ten/ n. effort, endeavor, aim, as- 
piring, pursuit, striving ; — , x). n. 

& a. to strive, endeavor ; — aa^^, 

to aim at, aspire at, seek after. 
tragen, v. a. & n. ir. to bear, carry, 

waft (48) ; wear, support, haibor, 

produce ; fic^ — , to dress ; Scben* 

fen — , to doubt ; ©orge — , to take 

care, see trouble. 
2;rttger, m. (-^) bearer, porter, holder, 

beam, support, 
tragifc^, adj. tragical. 
Stragobic, /. ( pi. -n) tragedy. 
Zxanh m. (-c^j pi. Zxanft) drink, 

beverage, potion. 
3:randport, m. {-i^;pl. -e) transport ; 

-fd^ijf, n. transport, transport-ship. 
trauen, v. a. to unite in marriage, 

marry ; — , v. n. to trust, confide 

Zxautx, f. mourning, grief, affliction, 

sorrow, black (dress) ; -leute, f. 

mourners (at funerals) ; -\6)xax, f. 



mournful crowd ; -fpicl, n. {-ti ; 
pi. -e) tragedy. 

trauerti/ v. n. to mourn, to t>e in 
mourning, grieve ; fret. 

traufeln* v. n. to drip, drop ; — , v. a. 
to drop, let fall in drops upon, 

trciufen, c. n. to drop, fall in drops ; 
— , v. a. to drop. [dial. 

traulic^, adj. cosy, dear, trusty ; cor- 

2;raum, m. (-eg ; pi. Xrdumc) dream ; 
-lleb, 71. dream-song, song of hope. 

traumen, v. a. & n. to dream ; — , 
V. imp. to appear in a dream. 

Sraumer, m. (-^) dreamer ; -flug, m. 
flight of dreams. [revery. 

3;raumcrei, /. {pi. -en) dreaming, 

traumcrifc^, adj. fanciful, dreamlike. 

traurig, adj. mournful, sorrowful, sad, 

Ureffen^ n. battle, fight, engagement ; 
— , V. a. ir. to hit, strike, meet 
with, find. 

trcfflid^, adj. distinguished, excellent; 
-felt, /. excellence, eminence. 

trcibcn, v. a. ir. to drive, urge, carry 
on, force ; — , v. n. to drive, float, 
drift ; in bie (Snije — , to reduce to 
straits ; ©pap — , to jest. 

%xi\\)\jOiViit n. (-fe^ ; pi. -l^dufer) hot- 
house, green-house, conservatory. 

trennen/ v. n. to separate, sever, di- 

Srcppe, /. {pi. -n) stairs, stair-case. 

tretcn, v. a, k n. ir. to tread, step, 
kick ; ju no^e — , to oflfend, mor- 
tify ; in^ ?WltteI — , to interpose. 

trcu, adj. true, faithful ; -t)ru(^, m. 
-cd ; pi. -bruc^e) violation of faith ; 
-lo^, adj. faithless. 

Xximtf. truth, faithfulness, fidelity, 

%x\ih, m. (-ee ; -pi. -e) driving, im- 
pulse, instinct. 

%x\\U f. {pi. -en) drift, pasture, 
drove, passage (for cattle). 

XriUcr, m. (-^) shake, trill, quaver. 

trlnfen, v. a. & n. ir. to drink. 

Zx'mUx, m. (-^) drinker. 

trippeltt V. n. to trip. 

Sritt, m. (-ed ; pi. -c) tread, steR 
pace; kick. 

Xriump^, m. (-e«; pi. -c) triumph, 
-geprdnge, n. triumphal pomp. 

triump^ircn, v. n. to triumph. 

Srium^irat, n. (-e«; pi. -e) trium- 

trocfcn, adj. dry, arid. [virate. 

tro(fnenf v. a. & n. to dry, air. 

S^robelf m. frippery. 

2;rommel, /. {pi. n) drum; -fdilagcn, 
V. a. to beat the drum. 

3:rompetc, /. {pi. -:\) trumpet. 

Slrompcter, m. (-^) trumpeter. 

Stropf, m. {-t^ I pi. 2:ropfe) ninny, 
simpleton. [drop. 

S^ropfen/ m. (-^) drop ; v. n. & a. to 

tropifd^, adj. tropical. 

%XD^, m. (-ffe^; pi. -ffe) baggage, 
gang, crowd. 

!Irojl, m. (-e^) consolation, comfort. 

trbflen^ v. a. to console, comfort. 

Zxofttx, m. (-^) consoler, comforter, 
Holy Ghost. 

trojllidv adj. consolable, consoling, 
consolatory. [less. 

trof^Io^, adj. inconsolable, comfort- 

3^ro^, m. (-e^) haughtiness, defiance, 
pride, spite ; — , adv. in spite or 
defiance of; -bictcn> to bid de- 
fiance ; jum — , in spite. 

tro^cn, V. n. to be insolent, defy, 
brave, to be obstinate. 

trojjig, adj. insolent, impertinent 



Sroubabour, m. (-(3 ; pi. -C) trouba- 1 

txuhtt adj. troubled, dim, obscure, 
dark, muddy, sad, gloomy, 

trft^en, v. a. to dim, render muddy, 
trouble. [afiliction. 

2;rul)fal, 771. {pi. -c) ; n. (-c^ ; pi. -e) 

trufcfelig^ adj. woeful, sorrowful. 

ZxUQp m. (-e(3) deceit, deception ; Cug 
unij — , fraud and deception. 

triigcti; v. n. ir. to deceive, delude ; 
— , V, r. to be mistaken. 

truglic^; adj. fallacious, deceitful. 

%x\xmmtx, f. fragments, ruins. 

%x]xxd, m. {-ii) drink, drunkenness, 
potion, draught. 

trunfeit; adj. drunk, intoxicated, en- 
raptured ; -^eit, /. drunkenness, 
inebriety, intoxication. 

Srupp, m.{-i\ pi. -e) troop, band. 

3;rup})e, /. ( pi. -n) band, company. 

Sruppen, /. troops. 

%x^t m. (-e^) see %xq^\ — unb ©c^u^^ 
Bunbmp, offensive and defensive 
alliance. [clotb. 

3:uc^, n. (-e^ ; pi. 3:u^er) clotb, woolen 

3^U(^lein, dimin. of %\x6), 

titc^tig* adj. able, able-bodied, stout, 
fit, good, competent ; -feit, /. 
capability, fitness. 

3:u^(e), /. {pi. -n) malice, knavery, 
spite, trick, spiteful disposition. 

tii(fif(|, adj. mischievous, spiteful. 

Sugenb, /. {pi. -en) virtue; -^aft, 
-Itd^, adj. virtuous. 

tunimein, ^. a. to put in motion, tum- 
ble about; — , v. r. to scuflSe, 
hurry ; 9iop — / to manage a horse. 

ZnmmtlpU^, m. (-e^ ; pi. -plci^e) 
place of exercise, field of battle, 

2:umuU, m. (-e^j pi. -e) tumult; up. 

3:urban, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) turban. 

Zux'xv., n. Turin (old capital of Sar- 
dinia), [ed lily. 

Sliirfenbunb, m. turban, many-flower- 

%VLXii\iOiVibt, f. {pi. -n) turtle-dove.' 

3:urteltautenpaar, n. pair of turtle- 

Sl^rann, m, (-en; pi. -en) tyrant. 

3:i)rannei, /. {pi. -en) tyranny. 

t^rannifd), adj. tyrannical. 

Uekl, n. (-^) evil, injury ; — , adj. 
evil, ill ; — , adv. badly, ill ; e<3 i|l 
mir — t I feel sick ; -ne^men, to 
take ill. 

ukn, v.a. to exercise, practice, drill. 

v&tx, prep. & adj. over, above, be- 
yond, during, about, above, over, 
more than ; -all, adv. everywhere, 
all over ; -au<3, adv. exceedingly, 
extremely ; — ben SlnbUcE , at the 
sight (110) ; — bie 9)iapcn, exceed- 
ingly ; :^eute — ac^t Xa^ti this day 
week ; ukr^<3 Sa'^r, a year hence, 
next year ; — unb — , all over, 

uI>erMeikn> v. n. ir. to be left, remain. 

UeberblicE, rn. (-ea; pi. -c) survey. 

ttberbraufen, v. a. to drown (a voice, 

iifterbringen.. v. a. ir. to bear, carry, 
bring, deliver, get over, bring 

uberbecfen, «. a. to cover over, lay 
over ; have for a ceiling. 

iikrbem, adv. besides, moreover. 



itbcrbrufftgj adj. tired of, weary of, 
wearied, tedious, surfeited. 

ukreilen^ v. a. to overtake, over- 
hasten, spoil by hurry ; — , v. r. 
to be over-hasty, hurry too much, 
act precipitately, rashly. 

Ue^ereilungr /. {pi. -en) extreme 
hurry, precipitation. 

fibereinflimmen, v. n. to accord, agree. 

lU&eretnf^immung, /. ( pi. -en) accord, 
conformity, consonance, agree- 
ment, [invasion, irruition. 

Uekrfall, m. (-ea ; pi -fcillc) surprise, 

uberfatten, v. a. ir. to fall or come 
upon, invade, overtake, surprise, 
attack suddenly. 

ukrfirnilTenf v. a. to varnish over. 

Ueberflup, m. (-ffc^) abundance, af- 
fluence, profusion, plenty ; jum 
— , unnecessarily, in abundance. 

uberfliiffts^ adj. superfluous, abun- 

itkrflut^en, v. a. to overflow. 

Uebergak, /. giving over, yielding 
up, surrender, delivery. 

Uebcrgang, m. (-e^ ; p^.-gdnge) passing 
over, passage, desertion, transi- 
tion, change. 

iibergeben, -y. a. ir. to deliver up, 
surrender, commit ; — , v. r. to 
surrender; vomit. 

iiberge^en, 'O. a. ir. to go, pass over, 
cross ; desert ; — , v. a. to overlook, 
omit, exceed, surrender. 

uber^an^en, v. n. ir. to hang over, pro- 
ject, jut out. [all over. 

iiber^ngen, 'g. a. to cover, hang, cover 

uber^dufcn, v. a. to heap ui>on, ac- 
cumulate, exceed, overload, over- 

tibcr^auvt, flwZi'. in general, generally. 

UeberHeib, n. {-zi ; pi. -er) upper 
garment, overcoat. 

iiberlaffen, v. a. ir. to leave, resign, 
give up, submit to, allow to pass. 

uberlebcn* t.a. to survive, outlive. 

iiberlegen, v. a. to lay over, cover the 
surface ; reflect upon, consider ; 
— . part. & adj. superior, sur- 

uberliefern, v. a. to deliver, give up, 
surrender, pass over. 

Ueberlieferung, /. {pi. -en) tradition, 
delivery, transfer, surrender. 

uberliefert, part. & adj. traditionary. 

Uebermad)t, /. preponderance, pre- 
dominance, superiority (power). 

ubermdd)tig, adj. preponderating. 

Uebermap/ n. {-ii) over measure, ex 
cess. [enormous, 

ubermenfc^Ii(^# adj. superhuman 

Uebermut^, m. (-e^) haughtiness, ar 
rogance. [presumptuous 

iibermiit^ig, adj. haughty, arrogant, 

iibernatiirlic^, adj. supernatural. 

uberne'^men, ti. a. ir. to receiv^e, ac- 
cept, undertake, take upon one's 
self, assume ; — , -y. r. to under- 
take too much ; overtax ; — mit 
Sffen, to surfeit one's self. 

Uebernebmung,/. {pi. -en) acceptation, 

iibcrquer, adj. across, crossways. 

iiberragcn, ■». a. to overtop, project, 
tower above. 

uberrafd)enf v. a. to surprise, startle, 
catch, take unawares. 

Ueberra[d)ungf /. {pi. -en) surprise. 

iiberrcben, v. a. to persuade. 

Ueberrebung, /. {pi. -en) persuasion. 

iibcrreic^en, t\ a. to hand, reach, de- 
liver ; — , V. n. to reach over. 



ul6erf(i)aumenf v. a. to cover with foam. 

Uekrf(^lag, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fc^lcige) bias, 
calculation, reckoning, poultice, 
band, cuff. 

iikrfd^lagen, v. n. ir. to turn over, 
upset ; — , V. a. to put on, lay on, 
upset ; to beat too much, com- 
pute, overlook, miss ; — / v. n. to 
to grow mouldy ; — , v. f. to fall 

ukrfi^leid)en; «. a. ir. to surprise by 
stealth, steal upon. 

itterfc^reiten, 'o. a, & n. ir. to over- 
step, transgress, violate. 

fikrfc^tt)dngU(^, adj. superabundant, 
exceeding, exuberant. 

Ucberfi^wanglic^feit, /. superabund- 
ance, an overflowing of feeling. 

ukrfc^weBenf 'o. a. to hover, impend. 

ul)erfc^n)etten/ ??. n. ir. to swell over. 

iiberfe^eitf xi. a. ir. to overlook, ex- 
cuse, survey, look over ; review. 

iikrfe^en» -«. a. insep. to translate ; 
overcharge ; aep. to convey over ; 
put across; — , v. n. to leap 
across, cross (as a river). 

lJckrfi(|t, /. {pi. -en) oversight, 
charge, survey, review, abstract. 

iikrrtc^tUd)^ adj. affording a general 
view of the whole, synoptical, 

ut>erfpringen> v. a. ir. to leap over, 
skip, miss ; — . xi. n. to leap over. 

fikrfieigenf v. a. to surmount, scale, 
exceed ; — , v. n. to step over, 
climb over. 

uberjlromeit; '». a. to overflow, inun- 
date ; — t v. n. to flow over, run 
over, abound. 

ubertragcn, -». a. ir. to convey, trans- 
fer, charge ; carry over, transport. 

Uekrtragung, /. ( pi. -en) transport- 
ing, conferring. [exceed. 

ii^ertreffen, v. a. ir. to surpass, excel, 

Uekrtreibung, /. {jpl. -en) exaggera- 

ukrtreten, «. a. ir. to transgress, 
overstep (limit), go over, over- 
flow ; — , V. n. to step over, desert. 

Uebertretung, /. {pi. -en) transgres- 
sion, violation. 

ukrtrofen, adj. exceeded, surpassed. 

itkr^ott, adj. overfull. [flow. 

ukr fallen, v. n. to boil over, over- 

iikrttjiegen, «. a. ir. to outweigh, sur- 

itbeminben, -». a. ir. to wind over; 
overcome, vahquish, preponder- 

Uekrwinbct; m. (-^) vanquisher, con- 
queror ; -IxoUi-, f. crown of the 

uberjeugen, ^. a. to convince, convict. 

uMid), adj. usual, customary. 

UeWic^feit, /. custom. 

x&nq,, adj. left (over), remaining, yet, 
other; — bleiben, to be left; — 
^oAiXi, to have to spare ; bie Ue^i* 
gen^ the others. 

ui>rt9en^» adv. as for the rest, besides. 

Ue^ung, /. {pi. -en) exercise, prac- 
tice, use, drill. 

Ue&ung^pla^, m. (-e^) place for train- 
ing soldiers. 

Ufer, n. (-^) bank, shore, coast ; -It* 
tXJO'^ner, m. inhabitant of the banks 
of a river or of the coast ; -lo^^ 
adj. without shores ; fig. homeless, 

W^x, f. {pi. -en) clock, watch ; 
o'clock ; -totxf, n. (-es5 ; pi. -e) 
clock-work, works of a watch. 



Xif)\x, m. (-^) liorn-owl. 

um, prep, around, about, for ; einen 
Za^ — ben anbern, every other 
day ; — bed ®elbed mlltn, for the 
sake of the money ; — , conj. for, 
in order to ; — , adv. about, past, 
over ; — ju, in order to. 

umarmcn, v. a. to embrace, clasp. 

Umarmung, /. ( pi. -en) embrace, em- 
bracing, [around; rebind. 

umMnben, v. n. i/r. to tie about or 

umire(i^en» ■». a. i/r, to break down, 
break up. [death ; ruin. 

umbringen, «. a. ir. to kill, put to 

Uttibretien, -». a. & n. to turn about, 
turn around, revolve. [fume. 

umbuften» v. a. to surround with per- 

Umfang, m. (-e^) circumference, cir- 
cuit, extent, [brace. 

umfangeit; v. a. ir. to surround, em- 

umfaffen, ■». a. to clasp, embrace, 
comprehend, surround ; reset. 

umfliepen, ■». a. ir. to flow or run 
around, surround. 

umgeben, v. a. ir. to surround, en- 
viron, gird in ; put round. 

Umgegeub, / {pi. -en) environs, sur- 
rounding country. 

umge^en, v. n. ir. to go out of one's 
way, circulate, associate, intend, 
propose . — , '0 a. to avoid, evade, 
elude, turn (the enemy). 

untgcfe^rt, yart. & adj. reversed, in- 

umge flatten, v. a. to transform. 

umgewanbt, part. & adj. upturned, de- 
stroyed, altered. 

umgriinen, v. n. to flower round. 

umgiirtcn, v. a. to gird about, buckle 
on, surround. 

um^er, adi\ around, about ; {for com- 

pounds with tlie prefixes uni^cr and 
l^erum, such as um^ergel)en, ^erunt' 
fd)i(fcn, &c., look under the simple 

um^in; adc. about ; i(| fann nic^t — , I 
cannot help — . 

um^itUen, v. a. to envelop, wrap up. 

Umfe^r, / turning back ; conversion, 
subversion, return. 

umfe^ren, v. n. to turn about, turn 
back, return , — , v. a. to turn 
about, invert ; — , v. r. to turn 
round, turn on the other side. 

unifommen, v. n. ir. to perish. 

umfrcinjen, v. a. to wreathe, crown. 

Umfret<J, m. (-fed; pi. -fe) circum- 
ference, extent, circuit. 

umleudUen, v. n. to shine about. 

umringen, v. a. to encircle, surround. 

Umripi m. (-ffe^; pi. -ffe) sketch, 
outline, contour. [about. 

umfd)auenf v. r. to look around or 

untfc^Uc^en, v. a. ir. to inclose, en- 
compass, envelop. 

umfd)Ungen, v. a. ir. to wind or twine 
around, embrace, clasp about. 

Umfc^reibung, /. {pi. -en) transcrip- 
tion, circumlocution. 

umf(^warmen, v. a. to swarm around. 

umfd)»cben, v. a. to hover, float 
around. [circumlocution. 

Umfd)wcif, m. (-e<3; pi. -c) digression, 

umfd)»eifen, v. n. to take a round- 
about way ; to roam, rove about, 
wander around. [in vain. 

umronil, adv. without pay, gratis ; 

umfpannen, v. a. & n. to change 
horses; — , v. a. insep. to span, 
clasp, encompass. 

umftaltcn, v. a. to transform, change. 

Um|lanb, m. (-ed ; pi. -fldnbc) circum- 



stance, condition, state ; particu- 
lars ; ceremony. 

umjle^en, v. n. ir. to stand about or 
around ; (its pres. part., used as 
noun, is rendered hystander.) 

umflo^Uc^, adj. revocable. 

umjlra^ten, ■». a. to sliine around. 

umflriden, ®. a. to surround with 
snares, entangle ; reknit. 

Umfluvj, m. (-e^ ; pi. -flurje) fall, 
downfall, overthrow. 

umtreikn, -u. a. ir. to drive around. 

umwatten, -y. a. to surround with 
ramparts ; float around, surround. 

«mjr»aljen, 'D. a. to roll around, re- 
volve, revolutionize. [form. 

umtxianbeln, "o. a. to change, trans- 

umiDctjen, v. a. sep. to blow down ; 
insep. to blow roimd. 

umtt)enben/ «. a. & n. ir. to turn, turn 
around, invert, reverse. 

umnjinbeit/ v. a. ir. to wind around, 
wind diflferentlj ; envelop, wrap 
up, twine, wreathe. 

umtoittern, v. n. to storm around. 

umjingeln, -y. a. to surround, invest, 

[The prefix un has a negative 
meaning like our English un, in, 
dis,&c. (CDmp.Gr.p.322,XI.) It is 
placed at the beginning of words, 
and has the principal accent when 
the negative forms the predominant 
idea. (Comp. Gr. p. 127.) Words 
occurring in the text with the prefix 
itii/ not here given, must he looked 
for under their radicals, e. g. unar^ 
tig under artig, <fec.] 

unaMnberlid) adj. unalterable, im- 

unab^angig, adj. independent ; -feit, 
/. independence. 

una^fe^ar, adj. immeasurable, un- 
bounded, illimitable. 

una^fe^id), see unafcfc^Oar. 

XHmxi, f. {pi. -en) bad trick, rude- 
ness, haughtiness. [incessant. 

unauf^altt^ar, adj. not to be stopped, 

unaugefod}ten, adj. unmolested, un- 
hindered, undisturbed. 

unauiSMeifcUi^, adj. infallible, un- 
avoidable, certain. 

unaui3H)f(^Itc^, adj. indelible. 

unaui3fpred)Iic^, adj. unspeakable. 

unkbad)tfam, adj. inconsiderate, 
thoughtless ; -tdit f inadverten- 
cy, thoughtlessness. 

un^eplflid), adj. helpless, awkward. 

un&et)Utfant, adj. incautious, unwary. 

Un^equemlic^feit, /. {pi. -en) incon- 
venience, [incalculable. 

unkre(^enbar/ adj. not computable, 

unkfc^ifft, adj. unnavigated. 

unBefd)reiMt(|, adj. indescribable. 

Unkjlanb, m. {-zi) instability, un- 

unfeeftoclen/ adj. unbribed, uncor- 
rupted, disinterested. 

UttBetrauert, adj. unmourned for, un- 

unkjatngBar, itnkjluinglic^f adj. in- 
vincible, unconquerable. 

unBejwungen, adj. imsubdued, uncoii- 

UnBilb, n. (-e^; pi. -er) monster. 

UnbilbC/ /. injury. 

unb, conj. and. 

Unbanff m. (-e§) ingratitude. 

unburd)brlngn(|, adj. impenetrable. 

uneintg^ adj. disunited, discordant ; 
— / adv. at variance ; — fein> to 



be at variance ; — werben, to fall 

unein^/ see uncinig. 

Uncnblid)felt, /. infinity, endlessness. 

unentflie^bar, adj. inevitable. 

UnerlnttUc^feit, /. inexorableuess. 

unerflartar, -Mj, adj. inexplicable, 

unermcpUd), adj. immeasurable, im- 
mense, boundless. [termined. 

unerortert, adj. unexplained, unde- 

unerreic^kr, unenciil)!, adj. unattain- 
able, inaccessible. 

uncrfc^oppf^r (^(^j- inexhaustible. 

Unertraiilid)feit, /. intolerablcness. 

unfreiwillig, adj. involuntary, reluc- 

Ungarnr n. Hungary. [tant. 

un.3canbert, adj. unaltered. 

un3ce{)rt, adj. unbonored. 

Ungcfci^r, n. {-i) chance, accident ; 
— , or »i?n — , adj. accidental, 
casual ; — , adv. by chance, nearly. 

ungefdrbt, adj. undyed, uncolored, 

Un(}ti)euer, n. {-^) monster ; — , adj. 
immense, huge, monstrous, vast. 

ungc^inbert, adj. unhindered, un- 
checked, unprevented. 

unse{)offt, adj. unhoped for. 

ungefranft, adj. not grieved, not mor- 
tified, [imaffected, 

ungefiinilelt, adj. artless, unstudied, 

ungelcgcn, adj. inconveniently situ- 
ated, inconvenient. 

ungele^rig, adj. indocile. 

ungele^rt, adj. illiterate. 

Unijcma*, n. (-e(3) discomfort, trou- 
ble, hardship, misfortune. 

unc^cmlfcbt, adj. unmixed, pure. 

Ungercimtf)cit, /. {pi. -en) absurdity. 

un9cfc{)i(ft, adj. unfit, aAvkward, un- 

handy, unskilful ; -^cit,/. {pi. -en) 
unfitness, inaptitude. 

ungefc^rerft, adj. without fear. 

uni5cfd)rtekn» adj. unwritten. 

Ungcftalt, /. {pi. -en) shapelessness, 
deformity, ugliness ; -(et), part. 
& adj. misshapen, deformed. 

Ungetliim, n. (-0) impetuosity ; — , 
adj. impetuous, boisterous, [fane. 

ungewei^t, aZj. unconsecrated, pro- 

Ungeivittev, n. (-3) tempest, violent 
storm, hurricane, thunder-storm. 

Unglaubc, m. {-ni) disbelief, unbelief, 
incredulity, infidelity, 

unglcid), adj. uneven, odd, unequal, 
dissimilar ; — , adv. by far, much. 

Unglud, n. (-(c)c) ill-luck, misfortune, 
unhappiness, adversity, mischief ; 
-Uc^, adj. unhappy, unfortunate, 
unlucky, disastrous ; -feliij, adj. 
unhappy, fatal, unlucky, miser- 
able., [misfortune. 

Unglucf^gcfatjrtc, m. companion in 

Unbeit, n. (-c^) mischief, harm, hurt. 

unf)eilbar, adj. incurable ; -fcit, /. in- 
curability, incurableness. 

unbcilig, adj. unholy, profane. 

Uniserfitcit, /. {pi. -en) university. 

unforpcrlid), adj. not belonging to 
the body, spiritual. 

Unf often, /. charges, expenses, costs. 

Unfraut, 7i. weed ; collectidely, weeds. 

unlaugbar, adj. imdeniable. 

unlcugkr, see unlaugKir. 

unlofd>Kir, adj. unquenchable. 

unlujlig, adj. unpleasant, disinclined, 
sad. [weak. 

unmaditig, adj. powerless, impotent, 

Unmcnfd), m. (-en; |)Z. -en) barbarian, 
monster, tyrant, brute ; -lid), adj 
inhuman, barbarous. 



unmittcl()ar, adj. immediate, direct; 
— , adv. directly. 

Unmut:^, m. {-zi) dejection, sadness, 
gloom, ill-will, rancor. [nature. 

Unnatur, /. eometliing contrary to 

unnaturltc^, adj. unnatural. 

unnennbar/ adj. unutterable, inex- 
pressible, ineffable. 

unnii^, adj. useless, ineffectual, vain. 

Uttparteiifc^, unparteilic^, adj. impartial. 

unpa^ic^, adj. unwell. 

Unrec^t, n. (-e^) fault, error, wrong, 
injustice, injuiy ; — , adj. wrong, 

unrul^ig, adj. unquiet, restless, un- 
easy, noisy, troublesome, turbu- 

unrii^mlic^, adj. inglorious. [lent. 

unfc^a^t>ar, adj. inestimable, invalu- 
able, [heart, guiltlessness. 

Unfc^ulb, /. innocence, puriiy of 

unfc^ulbig, adj. innocent, not guilty. 

unfelig, adj. unliappy, unblessed, sin- 

Uttfinn, m. (-^) madness, nonsense. 

unfinntg^ adj. mad, insane, nonsen- 
sical, [immortality. 

unf^erHic^, adj. immortal ; -fetti /. 

unjlrajlt(|, adj. blameless, irreprehen- 
sible. [able, blameless. 

untabel^aft, untabelig, adj. irreproach- 

«nten» adv. below, imderneath, un- 
der, down, down-stairs. 

untcr, prep, under, beneath, below, 
inferior to ; among, betwixt, 
amidst ; — , adj. inferior, lower, 
under, sub ; -wegeS, on the way. 

uuterbred^eiif to interrupt, dis- 
continue, break off or up. 

Untertringung* /. providing for, plac- 

UtttcrbcfTcn, adv. in the meantime. 

' unterbrucfen, n. a. sep. to press down 
iiisep. to suppress, oppress, crusU 
I Unterbriirfung, /. {pl.-tv) suppression, 
oppression, repression. 

untereinanber, adv. one another, 
amongst them. 

Untergang, m. (-esJ) decline, fall, set 
ting ; ruin, destruction. 

untcrgckn/ n. a. ir. to put under, 
subject (the past pa/rt., used as 
noun, render inferior^ subaltern, 

unterge^en, v. n. ir. to go down, set, 
sink, fall, perish. [nance. 

Untert)alt, m. (-c^) support, suste- 

unterl^alten, v. n. ir. to hold under, 
support, maintain, entertain ; — , 
V. r. to converse. [diator. 

Unterljcinbler, m. {-i) negotiator, me- 

Unter^anblung,/. {pi. -en) negotiation. 

unterirbifc^, adj. subterranean. 

Unterlei^, m. (-e<3) abdomen, bowels. 

unterliegcn, v. n. ir. to underlie ; lie 
under, succumb, yield, give way. 

Unterne^men, n. (-g) enterprise, un- 
dertaking, attempt ; — , v. a. ir. 
to undertake, attempt, be enter- 

Unterri(^t, m. (-e^) instruction. 

unterrtcf>ten, v. a. to instruct, inform, 

unterfc^eiben, v. a. & n. ir. to distin- 
guish, discern, discriminate. 

unterfc^ieben; v. a. ir. to shove under, 
substitute, supply ; forge (a will). 

Unterfc^teb, m. (-e^; pi. -c) distinc. 
tion, difference, separation. 

unterfc^iebettf adj. & part, different, 

unterftnfcn, «. n. ir. to sink, [distinct. 

unterfu(5^en, v. a. to inquire into, 62? 
amine, investigate. 



Unterfurfiung, /. {pi -en) inquiry, ex- 
amination, investigation, inquest. 

Untert^an, w. (-ed ; j?^. -en) subject; 
— , adj. subject, dependent. 

untcr»eg(e)d, adv. by the way, on the 
way ; — laffen# to omit, leave un- 

unterweifen, t). a. ir. to instruct, teach. 

unterwerfen, «. a. ir. to subject, sub- 
due ; — , ■». r. to become a subject, 
submit. [ture. 

unterwinben, ■». r. ir. to presume, ven- 

untcrmttrflg, adj. subject, submissive. 

Unt^at, /. {pi. -en) misdeed, crime. 

Unttefe/ /. {pi. -n) shallowness, shal- 
low place ; bank. 

Untreue/ /. perfidy, faithlessness. 

untriiglicf), adj. infallible, unerring. 

uniibetlegt, adj. inconsiderate. 

unilktllciglic^, adj. insurmountable. 

unukwinblii^, adj. invincible, uncon- 
querable, insuperable. 

un^erclnberlic^, adj. unchangeable, un- 
alterable, immutable. 

un»erbro|Ten, adj. indefatigable, assid- 

unioerfalfd^t, adj. unadulterated, gen- 
uine, [memorable. 

un^erge^Uc^, adj. not to be forgotten, 

un»cr^o^len, adj. unconcealed. 

untterlejjUd), adj. inviolable, invul- 
nerable, [avoidable. 

unsermeiblid^, adj. inevitable, un- 

un»erne^mUd^, adj. inaudible. 

un»crfo^nltc^, adj. implacable, irre- 

unverflanblid^, adj. unintelligible. 

uu^ertrdglic^, adj. incompatible, quar- 

unverwanbt/ adj. unmoved, fixed ; not 

un»cmei(t, adj. & adv. without de- 
lay ; directly, instantly. 

unverworren, adj. not confused, not 
intricate. [alterable. 

untt>anbelbar, adj. immutable, un- 

Unwefen* n. (-^) disorder, confusion, 
mischief, disturbance, noise. 

unmibcrPe^Uc^, adj. irresistible. 

unnjirt^Bar, adj. inhospitable, dreary. 

Unwiffen&ett, /. ignorance. [less. 

un'jCi^lig, adj. innumerable, number- 

unjart> adj. rude, not delicate. 

unjertrennlicf), adj. inseparable, indis- 

Unjufrieben^elt, /. discontentedness, 

uppig, adj. luxurious, wanton. 

uralt, adj. extremely old, ancestral. 

Uralternf /. ancestors, first parents. 

Uranlagc, /. originality, innate orig- 

Urbilb, n. (-e^; pi. -er) archetype, 
prototype, original, ideal. 

Urfraft, /. {jyl. -frdfte) primitive 
power, force or energy, original 

urftdftig, adj. of primitive or original 
power, very mighty, overwhelm- 

Urne, /. {pi. -n) urn. [ing. 

Urfact)e, /. {pl.-n) cause, reason. 

Urfprung, m. (-ed) origin, fountain, 
beginning ; principle. 

urfpriinglic^, adj. original, primitive. 

Urt^eil, n. (-ed ; pi. -e) sentence, 
judgment, verdict, opinion, de- 
cision, condemnation. 

urt^eilen, v. a. & n. to judge, decide. 

Urvater, m. {-^) first parent, ancestor. 

\U\t\U f. { pi. -en) primitive time, re- 
mote antiquity. 

Ufurpation, /. {pi. -en) usurpation. 



uacant, adj. vacant. 

SJafall, m. (-en ; pL -en) 

SJater, m. {-^'ipl. SJatcr) father ; -blirf, 
m. (-e^) paternal or loving look, 
regard ; -^au^, n. father's house, 
ancestral or paternal habitation ; 
-lanb, n. (-e^) fatherland, native 
country ; -lanb^fmn, m. (-ti) patri- 
otism, love of one's native land ; 
-li(|, adj. fatherly, paternal, with 
care;-Io^» adj. fatherless ; -morber, 
m. (-^) parricide ; -jlabt,/. native 
town ; -jlelle, /. place of a father ; 
-treue, /. father's care ; -unfer, n. 
(-^) Lord's Prayer, Paternoster. 

i)attfanif(|f adj. appertaining to the 

^iha, f. (pi. -§>) Veda (sacred wri- 
tings of the Hindu). 

S5eild)en, n. {-^) violet. [inate. 

ijeratf(^euen> v. a. to abhor, abom- 

verac^tenf ■». a. to despise, contemn, 
ignore, disdain. [cable. 

sjerac^tlic^, adj. contemptible, despi- 

SSixa^tmQf f. contempt, scorn, dis- 

sjercinbern, v. a. to change, alter, vary. 

SJerdnberung^ /. (j^l. -en) change, al- 
teration, mutation, variation. 

SJeranlaffung, /. (pi. -en) occasion, 
cause, inducement, motive. 

ijerarmen, v. n. to become poor. 

SJerbanb, m. {-t^ ; pi. -I)anbe) band- 
age, dressing, binding. 

»erWnnen, v. a. to banish, proscribe, 
exile, outlaw, expel. 

SJerbanttungr /. (pi. -en) banishment, 
exile, proscription. 

^erteiilcn, v. a. to suppress, stifle. 

brook ; — , v. r. ir. to lock the 

Derbergen, v. a. ir. to conceal, hide. 

»erbinben, v. a. ir. to bandage, tie up, 
dress a wound, unite, join, oblige. 

SJerMnbung, / (pi. -en) connection, 
union, alliance, confederacy. 

ijerMffen, part, of ijerki^en. 

serbitten, v. a. ir. to decline, beg to 
be excused, beg that a thing be 
not done, protest. 

ijerlnttern, v. a. to embitter. [lude. 

ijerblenben, ■y. a. to blind, dazzle, de- 

S^erblenbung, /. (pi. -en) dazzling, 
deceiving, infatuation, fascina 

»erBlu^en» v. n. to fade, wither. 

ijevMumt, adj. figurative, covered. 

i)erborgcn> v. a. to lend out, borrow ; 
part, (of »erkrgen) concealed, hid- 
den, [interdiction. 

23erbot, n. (-ei3; p?. -e) prohibition, 

ijertramen, v. n, to border. 

SJerirec^en, n. (-^) crime, offence ; — , 
V. a. ir. to break off, commit 
(crime, &c.), transgress ; forfeit. 

S3erbrec^er, m. (-^); -in, /. (yl. -nen) 

serBrciten, v. a. to divulge, spread, 
propagate, diffuse, circulate. 

ijerbrennen, v. a. & n. ir. to burn ; mit 
SBaffer — , to scald. 

ijerMnben, v. a. to ally, associate ; — , 
V. r. to form a league. 

ijerMrgenr -y. a. to answer for, bail ; 
— , X). r. to become bail or security. 

verBiittet, part. & adj stunted, dwarf- 
ish ; fig. quite stupid. 

3Jerba(^t, m. (-e5) suspicion, mis- 
trust , in — '^akn, to mistrust. 

»erbammen, v. a. to condemn, damn. 



fterbammlid^, adj. damnable, cursed. 

^evbammni^,/. damnation, perdition. 

»erbammt, int. damned ! 

»erbanfen, ■». a. to owe, be indebted 
for, thank (for). 

ijcrbecfcn, v. a. to cover up, conceal. 

ijcrbenfen, v. a ir. to find fault (witli), 
take amiss (from). 

IBerberbenf n. (-^) destruction, cor- 
ruptness, ruin ; — , v. a. ir. to 
spoil, corrupt, ruin, destroy ; — , 
V. n. to spoil, go to ruin. 

Berber Mid)f adj. destructive, ruinous, 

»erbienen, v. a. to deserve, merit, 
gain, earn. 

SSerbienfJ, m, (-e^) reward, profit, 
gain ; — , n. (-e^ ; pi. -c) merit. 

SJerbDUmetfc^ung, /. {pi. -n) interpre- 
tation, [renew. 

verboppetHf v. a. to double, increase, 

ijerborOcn, part, of »erberl)eu. 

ttcrborrcn, ^. n. to dry up, wither; 
— , V. a. to wither, parch. 

Uerbrangen^ v. a. to push away, dis- 
possess, dislodge, supplant. 

jjerbrlepen, v. imp. ir to displeas9, 
annoy, fret, vex. 

»erbrie§Iii^, adj. annoyed, vexed, 
vexatious, tiresome, fretful, angry. 

Verbroffen, part.k adj. disgusted, in- 
disposed, unwilling, reluctant. 

SJerbrup, m. (-ffe^) displeasure, an- 
ger, vexation, trouble ; jum — , in 
spite (of). 

^erebeln/ v. a. to ennoble, improve. 

tcrc^rcn, 'c. a. to honor, revere, vene- 
rate, make a present of. 

S3erel)rer, m. (-«); -in,/, {pi. -ncn) 
reverencer, admirer, adorer, wor- 

re ".^rlld), see ^cre^rung^wurbi^. 

Sere^rung, /. {pi. -en) respect, rev- 
erence, worship, adoration. 

ijerebrung^iruibig, adj. honorable, ven- 
erable, adorable. [federation. 

SJereitt/ m. (-C(3; pi. -e) union, con- 

»erein(t9)en, v. a. to unite, combine; 
— , v. r. to agree. [federation 

SJereinipng, /. {pi. -en) union, con- 

35ereini9ung(^V«nft, m. centre of union. 

ttereitcln» v. a. to frustrate, bafile, 

sercngen, v. a. to straiten, contract, 
narrow down, [immortahze. 

yerewigen; v. a. to render eternal, 

3}erfa^ren, n. (-«) proceeding ; — , 
'C. a. ir. to wear out by a carriage, 
transport, convey ; — , v. a. to 
proceed, treat, deal, 

verfaUenf «. n. ir. to fall down, decay, 
go to ruin, to be due, expire, 
elapse, to be forfeited. 

Serfaffung, /. {pi. -en) constitution, 
state, condition. 

verfe^Ien, v. a. to miss, not to attain. 

oerfcrttgen, ■«. a. to make, manufac- 
ture, compose. 

»erfluc^en, v. a. to curse, execrate. 

»erfolgen, v. a. to pursue, persecute ; 
continue ; gcrid)tlic^ — , to prose- 
cute (by law). 

SJcrfoIger, m. {-^) persccutcr, pursuer. 

25erfolgung, /. (^.^. -en) pursuit, per- 

33erfiigung, /. {pi. -en) disposition, ar- 
rangement, ordinances ; — trcff-n, 
to dispose, order ; TOcitcrc — al".var- 
ten, to wait for further orders. 

verfit^rcn, v. a. to mislead, corrupt, 
lead astray, seduce. 

2Jerfii^rer, w. (-5); -in, /. {pi. -ncn) 
misleader, seducer, 

tcrgaffcn, v. r. to fall in love with. 



ftcrgangcn, part. & adj. past, gone by ; 
-^eit, /. past, time past. 

!5ergeben» v. a. ir. to forgive, pardon ; 
give away, bestow. 

S^er^cber, m. (-^) donor. 

sergekn^, adv. in vain, to no purpose. 

ijergeblicl, adj. vain, fruitless. 

SJerge^en, n. (-^) error, ojBfence ; — , 
V. n. ir. to pass away, elapse, 
waste away, diminish, perish ; — , 
V. r. to go astray, commit a fault. 

SBergc^ung, /. {pi. -en) fault, offence. 

^ergelten, «.a. ir. to requite, pay, com- 
pensate, make up, reward, 

33erge(ter, m. (-^) rewarder, avenger. 

SJergeltung; /. {pi. -en) retribution, 
return, recompense. [ful of. 

^jergeffen* v. a. ir. to forget, be mind- 

i)crgie§en; v. a. ir. to spill, shed. 

33ergtc§ung, f.{j>l. -en) effusion, shed- 

scrgiften, v. a. to poison, envenom. 

23crglelct), m. (-e^; pi. -e) comparison, 
arrangement, compromise, con- 
vention, contract ; -bar, adj. com- 
parable ; -en, v. a. ir. to compare, 
collate, to make even or equal ; 
V. r. to compose a difference, 
make up, adjust ; -ung,/. {pi. -en) 
comparison ; compromise. 

vergtimmen, v. n. ir. to cease glowing, 
lose its glow, be extinguished. 

25ergnugcn, n. {-4) pleasure, delight, 
diversion ; — , v. a. to please. 

»>rgnugt, adj. pleased, contented, 
delighted, happy. 

sergonnen, v. a. to allow, permit, 
grant cheerfully. 

»ergijttern, v. a. to deify, idolize. 

ijergiiten, v. a. to compensate, in- 

»er:^aften, v. a. to arrest, take up, im- 

»er^aflen, v. n to die away (of 
sound), become inaudible, 

SSer^alten, n. (-^) conduct, behavior ; 
— , V. a. r. to hold, retain, con- 
ceal , — , V. r. to be in a certain 
state, to be, to conduct one's self. 

S^erpltnip, n (-ffe^; pi. -ffe) relation, 
proportion ; -mapig, adj. propor- 
tional, relative, corresponding. 

ijerfjcinoen, v. a to cover by hanging, 
ordain, destine, determine. 

S3erl)angni|5, n. (-ffe^ ; pi. -ffe) decree, 
fate, destiny. [persevere. 

»er^arren, v. n. to remain, hold out, 

^er^rtcn, v. n. to harden ; jig. ob- 
durate, indurate. 

»er^a§t, adj. hated, hatefal, odious. 

toerl;eeren, v. a. to destroy, desolate. 

©erl)ecrung, /. {pi. -en) devastation, 

»er^e^len, v. a. to conceal, hide. 

»er^eiratt)en, ■». a. to marry ; — , v. r. 
to enter into matrimony, marry. 

SJerl^etraf^ung, /. {pi. -en) marrying, 

ijer^ei^cn, to promise, pledge. 

SUcrl^eiiung, /. {pi. -en) promise. 

\?er^errli(^en, <?. n. to glorify, extol. 

2Jer|errUc^ungi /. {pi. -en) glorifica- 
tion, exaltation. 

ijert^tnbern, v. a. to hinder, prevent, 
stop, obstruct. 

"Oix^uUm, v. a. to cover over, veil. 

Der^ungern, v. n. to starve, die of 

ver^uten, v. a. to prevent, avert. 

t)ertTTen/ v, r. to lose one's way, go 
astray. [error, going astray. 

SJerirrungf /. {pi. -en) aberration, 



ceriagcn, v. a. to chase away, drive 
away, expel. [proscribed. 

»cria^ren» v. n. to grow old, to be 

©criungen, v. a. to renovate, juvenate; 
— , V. r. to become young. 

»erfaufen, v. a. to soil, vend. 

3}eifcl)r, m. (-0) intercourse, com 
merce, trafl&c. 

»erfct)ren» v. a. to turn, associate, do 
business with, deal, turn about. 

»erfe^rt, adj. perverted, upside down. 

»er!ennen» v. a. ir. to mistake, mis- 
apprehend, misjudge. 

SJerfcttung/ /. {pi. -en) chaining, en- 
tanglement, concatenation. 

serflagcn, «. a. to sue at law, go to 
law, accuse. 

Serflagcr, m. (-5) accuser, plaintiff. 

SJcrflagtc (bcr), {or ein-r), m. &/. de- 
fendant, accused. 

tjcrflammen, v. n. to benumb with 
cold. [sound, clang. 

SJerflang, w. (-C!?; ^?. -fldnge) tune, 

Verfldren, «. a. to make clear, illus- 
trate, glorify, transfigure. 

»crfnoc^ern, v. n. & r. to ossify. 

ucrfniipfen, v. a. to tie in a knot, 
knit, unite ; loerfniiM't fcin mit, to 
be attended with. 

33crfnupfung, /. {pi. -en) connection, 
combination, union 

verfcmmen» v. n. to perish, pine away. 

tcrforpcrn/ v. a. to incorporate, em 
body. [hide away. | 

»crfrie(f)cn» t\ r. ir. to crawl away, ' 

»crfiinb(ia)cn, v. a to announce, ])ub- 
lish, foretell, proclaim, proraul 
gate, herald. 

©erfiinb(i9)er, m. (-«) prophet, fore- 
teller ; -\x^,f.{pl. -nen) announcer, 
foreteller, predicter, prophetess. 

SJerfunbigung, /. {pi. -en) annuncla^ 

tion, publication, prognostication. 

SJerlangen, n. {-i) desire, longing ; 

— , D, a. to demand ; — nad), to 

long for, desire, ask, hanker after. 

S3ei(ar»un9, /. {pi. -en) masking, di&< 
guising, metamorphosis. 

verlaffen, u a. ir. to leave, abandon, 
forsake, desert ; fic^ — auf, v. a. r. 
to rely or depend upon, confido 

25erlauf, m. {~ti) course, continuance; 
nac^ — , after the expiration (of). 

ijerlaufen, v. r. to go astray ; — , v. n. 
to pass, elapse ; — , v. a. to cross. 

»erldu0nen» see ijerleugnen. 

ijerlegen, v. a. to lay in another 
place, misplace ; publish a book ; 
fic^ auf etn?ad — , to apply one's self 
to ; — , part & adj embarrassed, 
confused, at a loss , shop-worn. 

3JerIe9enf)cit, /. {pi. -en) embarrass- 
ment, confusion, trouble ; in — 
fein, to be at a loss, in trouble, 
embarrassed ; in — fe^en, to em- 

tierleif)en, v. a. ir. to lend, grant ; let, 

ijerle^enr v. a. to damage, violate, 
hurt, harm, injury , wound. 

SJcrlc^ung, /. {pi -en) hurt, injury, 
wound, violation, 

vcrUnigncn, v. a. to deny, abnegate, 
disown ; fid^ — laffen, not to be at 
home to a person, [self-sacrifice. 

2}cvlcugnung> /. denial, abnegation, 

iBerlcumbung, /. {pi. ^cn) slander, 

ijerlieren/ v. a. ir. to lose ; — , v. r. 
to lose one's way, go astray. 

SBcrliep, n (-cd ; pi -c) dungeon. 

»crlcl)en» v. a. to alliance, espouse. 



ijerloren, part. & adj. lost, forlorn, 
utterly ruined ; — ge^en, to be or 
become lost. 

ijerlofi^en, 'd. n. ir. to become extin- 
guislied ; — , v. a. to extinguish. 

25erlu)l, m. {-t^ ; pi. -liifte) loss. 

ijerlufiig? adj. lost, losing ; — werbeit/ 
to be deprived of; ftc^ — mac^en, 
to forfeit. 

Dermac^eitr v. a. to make over, be- 
queath, leave, devise, give away ; 
stop, close. [bequest, 

25erma(^mtp, n. (-ffei3 ; pi. -ffe) legacy, 

i)erma^len» v. r. to marry. 

verme^reri; ■y. a. & r. to grow more, 
increase, augment, multiply. 

lueimeibcn, u. a. ir. to avoid, shun, 

ijermelben, «. a. to mention, announce. 

Jjermengen, «. a. to mix, confuse ; — , 
-y. r. to meddle with, 

ucrmeffen, od. a. ir. to measure • — , 
■y. ?'. to measure wrong, protest 
with solemn asseverations, arro- 
gate to one's self, presume, make 
bold, dare ; — , part & adj tern 
erarious, rash. 

Uermifc^enf 'c. a. to mix, mingle, blend 

S3ermif(|ung, /. {pi -en) mixture. 

Jjermiffen, v. a. to miss, regret. 

ioermitteln, ■». a. to mediate, interpose, 
bring about, negotiate. 

ijcrmittelft, prep, by means of [of 

ijermoge, prep, by virtue or reason 

SJermogeitf n. (-<3) ability, power, 
faculty, property, fortune ; — tV.a. 
ir. to be able, capable, or have 
power to do, avail, induce, prevail, 

Jjermogenb, adj. rich, wealthy, opu 
lent, able, potent. [mask. 

ijermummen, v. a. to muffle, disguise, 

S3crmu(^en» n. (-5) supposition, opin 

ion ; — , 'd. a. to suspect, suppose, 
presume, conjecture, guess; ex- 

ijermut^lid), adj. likely, probable, 

aSernac^laffiguiig, /. {pi. -en) neglect. 

3}erne^men, n. {-^) perception, dis- 
position ; ba^ QUte — , the good 
understanding ; — , v. a. ir. to 
perceive, understand, learn ; hear; 
interrogate ; ftd^ — laffen, to give 
one's opinion. 

ijerneigen; v n to bow, courtesy. 

ijernic^ten, v. a. to annihilate, destroy. 

SJernunft/ /. reason, sense ; -fa^igfcit, 
/. capacity of reasoning ; judg- 
ment ; -grunb/ m. ground or ar- 
gument of reason. 

Sjernunftig, adj. reasonable, rational, 

»ernunft^n>ibrig, adj. irrational, con- 
trary to reason. 

Sjerijben, v. n. to become desolate ; — , 
V. a. to make waste, desolate. 

Serorbnettf -». a. to order, ordain, pre- 
scribe, [nance, prescription. 

SJerorbnung^ /. {pL -en) order, ordi- 

S)er))eften, «. a. to infest, poison. 

sjerpfdnben/ ®. a. to pawn, pledge, 

»erpflid)ten, "o. a. to oblige, engage, 
bind by an oath, swear. 

»erpraffen, -». a. to squander, dissi- 
pate in excesses. 

SJerratI), m. (-e(5) treason, treachery. 

»erratl;enf -?;. a to be treacherous, be- 
tray, reveal, discloss. 

SJerratfer, m. (-5) betrayer, traitor ; 
-in, / {pi. -nen) traitoress. 

Serrcit^erci, /. {pi. -en) treachery, 
treason, perfidy. 

»eira|"en/ ■«. n. to take a journey ; — , 
'd. a. to spend in travelling. 




t>erreitcn; v, a, ir. to spend in riding ; 
— , v. r. to lose one's self on horse- 

ajcrric^tunj, /. {pi. -en) performance, 
achievement, affairs, business. 

serrlngern, v. a. to lessen, diminish, 
cut down. [pass away, elapse. 

serrlnnen, v. n. ir. to run off or out, 

serruc^t, adj. profligate, infamous, 
vicious, wicked, cursed, [insane. 

UxxMU adj. displaced, crazy, mad, 

SJer^f m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) verse ; poetry. 

Derfagen, v. a. to deny, refuse, prom- 
ise ; miss fire, fail. [semble. 

jjerfammeln, v. a. & ?*. to collect, as- 

SJcrfammlung, /. {pi. -en) assembly, 
congregation, meeting. [slight. 

serfaumcn, v. a. to miss, neglect, 

ijerft^afen, v. a. to procure, get, pro- 
vide, find. [chaste, delicate. 

i)erfvi)amt, adj. abashed, bashful ; 

»erfd)arrcn, v. a. to inter, bury. 

2Jerfii)ciben» n. {-^) death, expiration, 
decease; — , v. n. ir. to expire, die. 

»crfc^enfen, v. a. to give away, make 
a present of. [away. 

^crfi^crjen, v. a. to jest, trifle or fool 

\)crf*:^euii^cn, v. a. to scare, drive away. 

S):rri)icfen, v. a. to send away, missend. 

»cri"d)icben/ adj. different, diverse, 
various, sundry ; -l)cit,/ {2)1. -en) 
difference, diversity, variety. 

verfc^lagen, adj. cunning, sly. 

»crfd)leubern, v. a. to trifle away, sell 
under price. [lock up. 

»crfc^liepcn, v. a. ir. to close, lock, 

uerfi^Ummcrn, v. a. to make worse ; 
— . V. r. to become or grow worse. 

serfi^Ungcn, v. a. ir. to entangle, 
twist together ; swallow up, de- 


»erf(^Io|Ten, part. & adj. locked, re- 
served, close. [sleep. 

»erfd)lummern/ v. a. to pass away in 

»erfc^mac^ten, v. a. to IVaut, languish. 

»erfc^mat)en/ v. a. to disdain, scorn. 

vcrfc^oncn, «. a. to spare, forbear. 

»evfc^reibenf v. a. ir. to assign, order, 
prescribe, transfer ; make a blun- 
der in writing. 

fterfc^ulben, v. a. to involve in debts, 
commit an oflence, deserve 
(blame, &c.). [grees, disappear. 

»erfd)tveben, -y. n. to vanish by de- 

ijcvfdjmcigcnf v. a. ir. to keep close 
or secret, be silent about, conceal. 

»crfc^it»enbenf ■». a. to squander, dis- 
sipate, expend, Waste, [reserved. 

i?erfd)jvlegcn, adj. kej^t secret, close, 

»ei[d)iDinbcnf t?. n. ir. to disappear, 
vanish, become invisible. 

35crfe()en» n. (-^) error, mistake, in- 
advertency, blunder ; — , v. a. ir. 
to overlook ; provide, supply, at- 
tend to, fill (an ofiice) ; — , v. r. to 
make a mistake, miss. 

33erfcl)un(5, /. furnishing, providing. 

»erfenbettf v. a. ir. to send away. 

ijerfenfcn, v. a. to sink, let down ; de- 
press, overwhelm (grief, &c.). 

»erfet^en, v. a. to misplace, transplant, 
pawn ; — , v. n. to reply, [firm. 

»crfid;:rn, v. a, to assure, insure, af- 

S)crfid}crung, /. {pi. -en) assurance, 

uerftegen. v. a. & n. to become ex- 
hausted or drained, dry up. 

»crfteiichu t. a. to seal, seal up, rectify. 

»crfinfen, v. n. ir. to sink. 

ttcrfol)nen» t. a. to reconcile, appease. 

33 erf liner, m, {-^) mediator, recon- 



33erfi)^nun3>/. {jpl. -en) reconciliation, 

Jjerforgen, v. a. to provide with, care 
or provide for. [come late. 

»erfpdtenf «. a. to retard ; — , v. r. to 

serfpenben^ «. a. to distribute, bestow 
by largesses. _ 

serfperreHf v. a. to bar, close, barri- 
cade, block up, stop. 

»crfpotten, a a. to mock, scoff, deride. 

SJerfprec^eitf n. (--^) promise, engage- 
ment ; — , 'D. a. ir. to promise ; — , 
V. r. to make a slip of the tongue. 

sjerfpri^en* v. a. to squirt away, spill. 

SJerjlanb/ m. (-e<3) understanding, in- 
tellect, intelligence, sense, judg- 
ment, [tal power. 

SJerflanbe^toei^^eit, /. intellect, men- 

i)er|latibigf ad^> intelligent, judicious. 

SJertlanbigunQf /. (p^. -en) under- 
standing, agreement. 

2Jerflanbni§, n, (-e^) intelligence, 
concord, understanding, agree- 
ment, [reinforce. 

»erflarfen, -o. a. to strengthen, fortify, 

aJertlcirfung, /. i^pL -en) fortifying, 
supply, succor, reinforcement. 

»erflatten» «. a. to permit, grant, allow. 

»er|laukn, «. n> to cover with dust, 
make dusty. 

verjlecfen, «. «. to hide, conceal. 

»er|le|en, i). r. ir. to understand, 
comprehend ; ftd> ju ettt>a^ --, to 
agi-ee to, accede to. 

sjerileinern, «. a. to petrify. 

©erjleinerung, /. {'pl. -en) petrifaction, 
petrified object. 

»erflellen> v. a. to disfigure, deform ; 
— , r. r. to dissemble. 

S5erflcIIung» /. (p^. -en) deforming, 
disfiguration, dissimulation. 

perflo^len/ «(?;. stolen, clandestine, 
secret, surreptitious, furtive. 

ijerjlorten, ad^, defunct, deceased. 

»erlloren, t. a. to scatter, disturb. 

»er|lcgen, •«. a. ir. to push away, re- 
ject, cast off, repudiate ; — , «. n. 
to offend, give offence. 

scrftreic^en, id. n. ir. to pass away ; — , 
V. a. to spread over, besmear, 

»crtlri{fen, t. a, to entangle, ensnare. 

SJerftrtcfung, /. {pl. -en) ensnaring, 
entanglement, seizure. 

ijeri'iummen, v. n. to grow dimib, to 
be or become silent. 

SUerjlummelung, /. {pl -en) mutila- 
tion, maiming. [trial, proof. 

35erfu(^, m. (-eiS; pl. -e) experiment, 

»erfu^en> v. a> to try, attempt ; taste. 

3Jerfu(^ungr /. {pl -en) temptation, 
enticement. [mistake. 

vertaufci^en» v. a. exchange, take by 

»ert()eibigcn, v. a. to defend, protect. 

SJertfieibiger, m. (-i3) defender, de- 
fendant, justifier. [apology. 

SlJert^eibitjung* /. {pl -en) defence, 

^ert^eibigung^friegr m. defensive war. 

»ertilgen, v. a. to extirpate, exter- 
minate, destroy, annihilate. 

SJertrag, n. (-e^ ; pl -trcige) contract, 
compact, agreement, treaty, bar- 

sjertragenf v. a. ir. to carry away, en- 
dure, bear, support, wear out ; 
— , V. r. to make up, become rec- 
onciled, agree, form a compact. 

vertraglid^r adj. sociable, peaceably, 
friendly ; -feit, /, amiability, gen- 
tle disposition, peaceableness, so- 
ciableness, compatibility. 

©ertraucn, n. {-^) confidence, trust, 



belief ; — , v. n. to trust, confide 
in ; -f V. a. to entrust. 

tocrtraullc^, adj. confiding, cordial, 
familiax, kind. [dential. 

»crtraut, adj. trusty, intimate, coufi- 

»ertreibcn, v. a. ir. to drive away, 

»crtretcn, v. a. ir. to sprain ; repre- 
sent ; ben SBeg — , to stop, step in 
the way. [scntativc. 

SJcrtreter, m. (-^) intercessor ; reprc- 

»ertriekn, adj. driven away, ban- 
ished, [put off. 

sjcrtrijflcn, v. a. to feed with hope, 

»eriiben, v. a. to perpetrate, commit. 

tcrunrclnigen, v. a. to defile, pollute. 

©erurt^eil, see SJcrurt^eilung. [tence. 

»erurt^eilen, v. a. to condemn, sen- 

SScrurt^cilung, /. {pL -en) condemna- 
tion, doom, sentence, verdict. 

Serroaltcr, m. (-^) guardian, admin- 
istrator, manager. 

Ser»altun:3, /. {pi. -en) administra- 
tion, guardianship. 

S5er»oIIfommnung, /. (jjl. -cit) perfect- 
ing, accomplishment. 

Dcrttja^ren* v. a. to keep, guard, pre- 
serve ; conceal (p. 196). 

»crwaifcn» v. n. to become an orphan, 
be left friendless or dcsarted,. 

*cr»anbeln, v. a. to turn, change ; — , 
V. r. to change, alter, to be meta- 
morphosed or transformed. 

Berwanblung, /. (pi. -en) change, 

uerwanbt, adj. related, allied to. 

»cr»cd^fcln, v. a. to change, exchange, 
confound by mistake. 

»crrocaen, adj. bold, daring, auda- 
cious ; -^eit» /• boldness, temerity, 

»ern)e^en, v. a. to blow away ; — , 
V. n. to blow over, clear up. 

©ernjegner (eiu), m. a loU, audacious 

vermeigcrn, v. a. to deny, refuse. 

veriveilen, v. n. to abide, tarry, lin- 
ger, stay, dwell ; — , v. a. to delay. 

3Scrit)ei<3, m. (-c«; pi. -e) rebuke, re- 

server fen, v. a. ir. to reject, refuse, 
throw away, mislay. [robation. 

iBcrroerfung, /. rejection, refusal, rep- 

vermefen, v. n. to decay, moulder, 
perish, rot ; — , v. a. to manage, 

Bcrwefimij, /. decay, corruption, pu- 
trefaction, administration. 

»errr>td)cn, adj. passed, last. 

»ern)i(fcln, t. a to entangle, compli- 
cate, implicate, involve. 

»ern)trfcn, v. a. to commit, forfeit. 

S3cmnrnid)ung, /. {pi. -in) realization. 

toemnrren, v. a. to entangle, implicate, 
confound, confuse, perplex. 

©emirrung, /. {^jl. -en) confusion. 

»er»oI)nen, v. a. to spoil, pamper, 
render delicate. 

verworfen^ adj. rej)robate, rejected. 

»ertt)unben, v. a. to wound, hurt. 

serwunbcrn, t\ a. to astonish ; — , v. r. 
to wonder, to be astonished. 

©emunbcrung, /. wonder, surprise, 
astonishment, amazement. 

»er»unfd)t, adj. & part, cursed, be- 

»erwii|len, r. a. to desolate, waste, 
lay wasre, ruin, destroy. [tion. 

2.^crn?ii|lun9, /. desolation, t^evasta 

»crjagen, v. n. to despair, despond. 

I scr'jagt, part. & adj. faint-hearted, 

I dismayed, daunted. 



S>erje:^ren, v. a. to consume, spend. 

55erjei(^ncn, d. a. to draw wrong ; 
record, register. [forgive. 

i>erjei()en, v. a. ir. to pardon, excuse, 

SJerjeitiung, /. pardon, forgiveness; 
urn — bittejt/ to beg pardon. 

Sjerjie^eit/ v. a. ir. to contort, distort, 
spoil (a child) ; withliold ; — , v. n. 
to delay, pass away, tarry. 

ijerjie^en, past part, of »erjet^en. 

SJerjug, m. (-e^ ; pi. -jiige) delay. 

»erjn)etfelnf v. n. to despair, despond. 

SJerjweiflung, /. despair, desperation. 

i>erjit)eiflun9(3i?oII, adj. full of despair, 
desperate, utterly despondent. 

SJe^per, /. evening-time, vespers. 

SJefui)/ m. Vesuvius. 

SJetter, m. (-^; pi. -n) cousin. 

ijexiren, v. a. to vex, trouble, tease. 

S3icar, m. (-a; pi SSicare or SJicarien) 
vicar, deputy, substitute. 

^k^, m. (-e^; pi. -e) beast, brute, 

Diel, ac?;. & adv. mucli ; ( j?Z. sjiele, 
many) ; -arttg, acZ;. multifarious, 
of many kinds ; -fa<^, adj. mani- 
fold, multifarious ; -Qt\k% adj. 
much beloved; -getreu, adj. trusty; 
-leic^t, adv. perhaps ; -mal{^), adv. 
many times, frequently, often ; 
-maltg, adj. often done, often re- 
peated ; -me^r, adv. much more, 

»ier, adj. four; -ecf, n. v-3; pi. -e) 
quadrangle, square ; -fac^, -fctlttg, 
adj. four-fold; -fac^^eit, / four- 
fold; -ia% f. quarternary num- 

Siertetflunbc, /. {pi. -n) quarter of 
an hour. [border. 

SJtgnette, /. ( pi. -n) vignette, flourish, 

»irgiltf(^, adj. pertaining to Virgil, 
after Virgil. 

2)irmo^, m. (-en; pi. -en) virtuoso. 

©ifier, 33iftr, 7i. {-^\pl.-t) beaver, 
visor, sight-vane, aim. 

35ifttation, /. visitation, search. 

SJifttator, m. (-sg; p)l. -en) (official) 
visitor ; searcher, exciseman. 

»iftttren, v. a. to search, inspect. 

SJogel, m. (-^ ; pi. 25ogel) bird, fowl ; 
-nef!, n. (-e<3 ; pi. -er) bird's nest. 

33o9(e)lein, n. {-i) dimin. of S^ogeL 

iBogt, m. {-i^ ; pi. ^Sogte) protector, 
guardian ; prefect, governor ; bai- 

S!Jon, n. {-i^ ; pi. 25oIfer) people, na- 
tion ; crew ; -MiU, adj. enlivened 
with people, peopled, swarming. 

©olferfejl, see 35oIf^fe|l. [legend. 

SJoIf^allegorie, /. {pi. -en) popular 

2JDlf(5bu(|, n. {-i^ ; pi. -Md)cr) popu- 
lar book, book written in a popu- 
lar style. [val. 

SUolf^fefl, n. (-ea; pi. -e) public festi- 

3Jolf^9ef(^i(^te, /. {pi. -n) history of 
a people. 

iBoIf^forper^ m. bodies of the people. 

3)olf!§lieb, n. (-e^ ; pi. -er) national 
song. [ular man. 

S5olf^mann, m. (-c^ ; pi. -manner) pop- 

iJoIffSmapig, adj. in accordance with 
the nature, customs or habits of 
a people. 

uolf^t^iimlic^/ adj. see ijolf^maptg. 

»oII, adj. full, filled, whole. 

ijollbrtngen, v. a. ir. to accomplish, 

toollenben, v. a. & r. to end, finish, 
perfect, complete, achieve, accom- 
plish, fulfill. [isher. 

35ottcnbcr, m. (-?) accomplisher, fin- 



»olIcnb(d), adv. quite, entirely. 

SJoKenbung, /. {i^l. -en) conclusion, 
accomplishment, consummation. 

SJoUfii^ren, v. a. to execute, carry out. 

SoUgebrcingt^ adj. thronged. 

sollgepropft, adj. full-sprouted. 

SoUig, adj. full, entire, complete ; suf- 
ficient ; — , adv. completely, en- 

SJoEigfeit, /. fullness, plenitude. 

jjoUfommen, adj. perfect, complete, 
absolute, consummate. 

2Jottma(^t, /. {pi. -en) full power, 
plenipotence, power of attorney. 

UoUflcinbig, adj. complete, entire. 

Uofljci^lig, adj. complete in number, 
integral ; — fein, to have a quo- 

uottjiel^enf 'o. a. to execute. [rum. 

»on, prep, of, from, by. 

»or/ prep, before, for, from ; in comp. 
before, in presence of, sooner, in 
preference to; — einem 3a^re, a 
year ago, [before, precede. 

Doran, adv. before ; -ge^en, to walk 

Jjorau^, adj. in advance, before, be- 
forehand, ahead, foremost, by an- 
ticipation ; -eilen, to run ahead, 
hasten in advance ; -fe^en, v. a. to 
suppose, presume, take for 
granted. [viso, condition. 

Sorbe^alt, m. (-e^) reservation, pro- 

»orki, adv. by, passing, past, finish- 
ed, over, — fein, to be past ; -gct)en, 
v. n. & a. ir. to go by, pass, pass 
by ; im -gc^en, by the way ; -jagen, 
V. a. to chase by, hurry by ; 
-fd^ie^en, v. n. to glide by. 

Dorbereitcn, «. a. to prepare. 

SJorBcrcttungf /. {pi. -en) preparation. 

Sorbercitung^llcitte, /. preparatory 
room or place. 

»orbeugen, v. a. to bend forward, pre- 
vent, obviate, hinder. 

ttorbiegen, see »orkugen» 

SJorbilb/ n. {-ii\pl. -er) pattern, ex- 
ample, type. 

ttorbringen, v. a. ir. to bring forward, 
produce, offer, propose ; utter. 

»orbem, adj. formerly, once. 

SJorberta^e, /. {pi. -n) forepaw. 

SJorbert^eil, n. (-e^ ; pi. -c) forepart. 

uorbringen, v. n. ir. to press forward 
or onward, advance. 

ttorem^alten, v. a. ir. to keep from, 
withhold, retain. 

S5orfa^r(e), m. (-en; pi. -en) ancestor, 
predecessor, forefather, progeni- 

»orfattenf v. a. ir. to occur, happen. 

»orftnben, -u. a. ir. to find, fall in with. 

55orforberung, /. {pi. -en) citation, 

35organg, m. (-e^ pi. -gdnge) prece- 
dence, occurrence, incidents, 
event, transaction. 

SJorgebirge, n. {-i) cape, promon- 

^orgeblid^, adj. pretended, nominal. 

ttorgebogen, part. & adj. bent forward. 

»orgefunben, see »orftnben. 

»orge^en, v. n. ir. to go before, jut 
out, have a preference; happen. 

ttorgej^ern, adv. day before yesterday. 

2Jor!^at)en, n. (-^) design, intention, 
purpose ; — , v. a. ir. to design, 
intend, to be about, have on, have 
before one. 

tjor^anben, adv. at hand, present, ex- 
tant ; — fein, to be, exist. 

SJor^ang, m. (-ed; pi. -^ange) curtain. 

sorter, adj. before, previous(ly) ; 
-ge^en» v. a. ir. to precede, go be- 



fore ; -fagung, /. {pi. -en) proph- 
ecy, prediction. 

jjorig^ adj. former, preceding last. 

SJorfel^rung, /. ( pi. -en) precaution, 
predisposition, preparation, pro- 

»orfommen, «. n. ir. to come before, 
present itself, occur, happen ; ap- 
pear, seem. 

torlegen, v. a. to lay or put before, 
propose ; carve ; help. 

S5orIefungf /. {pi. -en) lecture, prelec- 
tion, public reading. 

ijorle^t, adv. last but one. 

vorlieb, see fiirlieb. 

SJorlie^c, /. predilection, preference. 

ijcrmac^en, v. a. to paint by way of 
example; delude. 

SJormauetf /. {pi. -n) outward wall, 
barricade, bulwark, guard. 

»orn/ adv. before, in front ; »ott — , 
from the front, in front. 

ijorne^m, adj. gentle ; of rank, grand. 

»orne^mIic^, adv. chiefly, principally. 

ijorne^mjl, adj. first, prime, principal. 

S^orrang, m. (-e^) precedence of rank. 

SJorrat:^, m. (-e<5; pi. -rat^e) store, 
stock, provisions. [room. 

SJorrat^iJfammer, /. {pi. -n) store- 

SJorrec^t, n. (-e^; pi. -e) privilege, 
prerogative. [entrance-hall. 

SSorfaal, m. {-ti\pl. -fale) ante-room, 

SUorfa^, m. (-e^; pi. -fa^c) purpose, 
intention ; wit — , intentionally. 

ijorfa^lid^, adj. intentional. 

©orf(^ein, m. (-ea) appearance ; junt 
— fommen; to come to light, come 
forth, make appearance. 

»orfrf)ie§en, v. n. ir. to shoot forward, 
project ; — ,v. a. to shove quickly 
before, advance money. 

aorfc^reikn, v. a. ir. to set a copy 
prescribe, direct, order. 

SJorfe^ung, /. providence. 

S5orftc()t, /. foresight, caution, pre- 
caution, circumspection. 

ijorjtc^tig, adj. prudent, cautious, cir- 
cumspect, provident. 

ijorjingen; v. a. ir. to sing to. [relay. 

©orfpann, m. (-e^) additional horses, 

ijorj^eden, v. a. to stick before. 

sjorfiellen/ v. a. to place or set before, 
present, represent, introduce ; 
plead, remonstrate ; — , v. r. to 
imagine, fancy. [advance. 

sorjlretfenf v. a. to stretch forward, 

S)ort^eU, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) advantage, 
result, gain, prerogative ; -^aft, 
adj. advantageous, profitable. 

S^ortrag, m. (-e^; pi. -trage) elocu- 
tion, delivery, diction, treatise ; 
in — ^ringen, to propose. 

ttortrejfUd), adj. excellent, exquisite. 

»ortretenf v. n. to step before, step 
forward or forth, advance, to step 
out from the ranks or from the 

ijoriiber, adv. gone by, past, over ; 
-flie^en, v. a. to flee ; -fii^ren, to 
lead by ; -ge^en, v. n. ir. to go by, 

SJoru^ung, /. {pi. -en) preliminary 
exercise, training, preparation. 

3}orurt^eil n. (-e^; pi. -e) prejudice, 
prepossession. [inate. 

ijomalten, v. n. to prevail, predom- 

SJomanb, m. (-ea ; pi. -wcinbe) pre- 
tence, pretext ; /. {pi. -ttJCtnte) 
front wall, cover. 

i)ort»arta, adv. forward, forwards. 

23orn>elt, /. {pi. -en) anterior world, 
past agfes. 



Jjomcrfeit, v. a. ir. to reproach or\ 
upbraid with, throw up to. j 

SJorwi^f m. (-e^) forwardness, prying i 
curiosity, inquiaitiveness. 

S5orR)ort, n. {-ti\ pi. -z & -sorter) 
preface, preposition. 

SJorWurf, m. (-e^ ; 7;^. -toiirfe) re- 
proach, the thing thrown before 
or to, bait, lure. 

tjorjcid^nert/ v. a. to draw, sketch, 
draw as a pattern. 

SJorjeid)nung, /. {pi. -en) pattern, 
study, model, drawing. 

Uorjcigeitf v. a. to produce, exhibit, 

SJorjeit, /. (pi. -en) time of old, 
time of yore, antiquity, primitive 

Uorjcitig, adj. precocious, premature. 

^orjie^en, v. a. ir. to draw before, 

Sorju(j/ m. (-c^ ; pi. -iiige) van, van- 
guard, preference, prerogative, 
superiority, excellence. 

Uorjuglici^, adj. distinguished, pref- 
erable, excellent ; — , adv. par- 
ticularly, especially. 

SSJaare, /. (pl-n) ware, merchandise. 
tt>ac^, adj. awake, on the alert. 
SQBac^e, /. {pi. -n) guard, watch. 
mad^m, v. n. to wake, to be awake, 

sit up, guard. 
^<i6)i, n. (-fe^) wax ; -f^unt, m. & 

n. (-c^) growth, increase, 
waci^fen, u. n. ir. to grow, increase, 
©dd^tcr, m. (-^) watchman, guard- 
^ ian ; -ruf, m. {-ti ; pi. -e) call or 

cry of the watchman. 

trader, adj. vigorous, gallant, valiant, 
brave, honest. [talon. 

3Baffe, /. {pi. -n) weapon, claw, 

SBaffen, /. weapons, arms ; — jlrecfcitf 
to lay down the arms ; -kubcr, m. 
{-i ; pi. -brubcr) -freunb, m. {-ti ; 
pi. -e) brother-in-arms, comrade ; 
-getofe, n. clashing or din of arms •, 
-fnec^t, m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) soldier, war- 
rior ;-Io^, adj. unarmed ; -ruftungr 
/. {pi. -en) armor; -fc^mieb, m. 
{-ti ; pi. -e) armorer ; -jhQflanb, m. 
(-e^; pi. -f^cinbe) armistice, truce ; 
-iibung,/. {pi. -en) military ex- 

wajfnen, -w. a. to arm. [ercise. 

SSage, /. {pi. -n) scales, balance, 
equipoise, risk, hazard. 

SSagen, m. (-^) wagon, carriage, 
coach, cart, chariot, wain ; — , 
V. a. to venture, hazard, dare. 

tijagen, weigh, balance, jwnder 

SBagefprung, m. a daring leap. 

SBagner, m. (-^) wheelwright, cart- 
wright, [ture. 

2Ba9(e))lucf, n. (-e^ ; pi. -c) risk, ven- 

SSBa^I,. /. {pi. -en) choice, election ; 
-fprud^, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fprii^e) motto. 

wci^len, V. a. to choose, elect, select. 

2Ba^n, m. (-e^) erroneous opinion, il- 
lusion, delusion, conceit, halluci- 
nation ; -finn, m. (-eS) insanity, 
madness ; -finniij* adj. mad, insane. 

wci^nen, v. a. to think (without rea- 
son), presume or imagine vainly. 

»al)r, adj. true, veritable, real ; -^aft, 
adj. true, veracious ; -l^aftig, adj. 
truly, by my faith ; -^eit, /. ( pi. 
-en) truth, verity ; -lic^, adj. ver- 
ily, truly ; -ne^men, v. a. ir. to per- 
ceive, observe ; -fc6cinlid>» adj. 
likely, probable ; -fd>cinliii)feit, /. 



(pi. -en) likeliliood, probability ; 
-ielc^eit, n. {-&) symptom, indica- 
tion, [gnard. 

toa))xtn, V. a. to take care of, watch, 

JDci^ren, v. n. to last, continue. 

Wci'^renb, prep, during ; — , conj. 

SBaib, m. (-el) wood ; -werf, n. wood- 

2Balb, m. (-el; pi. -walber) wood, 
forest ; -flrom, m. (-el ; pi. -flrijme) 
forest-stream ; -tl)ier; n. (-el ; pi. 
-e) beast of the forest. 

ttalbig^ adj. woody, forest-covered. 

tualfen, v. a. to full, [dike, rampart, 

©aH, m. (-el ; pi. SBalle) wall, dam, 

tuallen^ ■». n. to boil up, bubble, to be 
in agitation; undulate; wander, 
walk, go on a pilgrimage. 

SBallifer, m. an inhabitant of Wales. 

Walten, ^. n. to rule over, direct, dis- 
pose, govern, manage. 

SSalje, /. {pi. -n) roller, cylinder. 

tt>aljen, 'v. a. to roll, move ; waltz. 

wciljen, 'c. a. & r. to roll, trundle, 
wallow (in mire, &c.). 

Sanb, /. {pi. SKciube) wall, partition. 

tranbeln, ■». n. to walk, travel, wan- 

SQBanberblidf/ m. wandering look. 

Sanberftern, m. (-cl ; pi. -e) planet. 

SBanberer, m. (-1) wanderer, traveler. 

SKanberlekn, n. wandering life. 

luanbern, v. n, to wander, travel, rove. 

SBanberfcinge, /. minstrel songs. 

SBanberftiiaft, /. {pi. -en) peregrina- 
tion, [eler's staflP. 

SBanberflab, m. (-cl; pi -fla6e) trav- 

SBanberung, /. ( pi. -en) wandering, 
traveling, excursion, migration. 

SSange, /. {pi -n) cheek, jowl. 

ttjanfen, v. n. to shake, totter, waver, 
to be irresolute. 

njann^ conj. & adv. when ; bann unb 
— , sometimes, now and then, 

tuannen, v. n. to fan, winnow ; sjon 
— , whence, wherefrom. 

2Ba}>pen/ n. (-1) escutcheon, arms, 
signet, armorial bearing ; -rodf/ 
m. herald's or soldier's coat. 

Juarm, adj. warm, hot. 

Warmen, v. a. to warm, heat. 

tparnen, v. a. to warn, admonish, 
caution, put on one's guard. 

Sarnung, /. {pi -en) warning, cau- 

9Barnungltraum, m. (-el) warning 
dream. [out. 

Sarte, /. ( pi. -n) watch-tower, look- 

Wartenf v. n. to wait, stay for ; — , 
■y. a. to attend, take care of. 

Smarter, m. (-1) attendant, waiter, 

SDBartt^urm, see Sarte. [keeper. 

t»arum, adv. why, wherefore. 

XOOiit pron. what ; that, something. 

lx»afcf)en> v. a. n. ir. to wash ; gossip. 

SBaffer, n. (-1) water ; -faff, m. (-el ; 
pi -fciffc) cataract, cascade ; -jTuf^f 
/. ( 2)1 -en) flood, inundation ; 
-fttffj^anb, m. standing still of 
water ; -flurj, m. waterfall ; -JDoge, 
/. {pi. -n) billow, huge wave. 

njaffcrn; v. n. to water ; — , v. a. to 
water, irrigate. 

S©ek, /. {pi -n) web, weft. [move. 

we^en, v. a. & n. to weave, wave, 

SBe'bertlul^l, m. (-el ; pi -fliifik) weav- 
er's frame, loom. 

Sffie(^fel, m. (-1) alternation, change, 
vicissitude, bill of exchange ;. 
-Vott> adj. full of changes. 



9Scc^feIn» n. clianging, alternation ; 
V. a. & 71. to exchange, cliange, 
alternate, sliift. 

loedcn* V. a. to wake, awake, arouse. 

toittx, eonj. neither ; — no6), neither 
. . . nor. 

SBcg, m. (-Ci3 ; pi. -c) way, path ; — , 
adv. away, gone ; unterwcg^, on 
the way ; -blcil^en, v. n. ir. to 
stay away ; -ful)rcn; d. a. to lead 
away ; -giepem v. a. ir. to pour 
away ; iagen^ v. a. to drive away ; 
-leugneitr v. a. to deny, disown ; 
locfen, V. a. to entice away ; -ncl^ 
menr v. a. ir. to take away, seize ; 
-xaubtti, V. a. to take away by 
force, rob ; -rdumen, v. a. to put 
away, clear away ; -reipen, v. a. ir. 
to tear away ; -tragen, v. a. ir. 
to carry away ; -treiben, v. a. ir. 
to drive away ; -TOenben> v. a. ir. 
to turn away; -wevfen, v. a. ir. 
throw away, reject ; -jie^en, v. a. 
ir. to draw away. [of, for. 

toegen, prep, on account of, because 

m^f nje^e, int. wo, woe ; an-, ah ! 
alasl -mut^» /. sadness, melan- 
choly; -t^uH; to cause pain, grieve. 

SBe'^en, /. labor-pains, travail ; — , 
v. n. to blow. 

2Bc^r(c), /. (2)1. -en) defense, bul- 
wark, weapon ; — , n. dam, dike ; 
-^aft, adj. capable of bearing 
arms ; -lo^^ adj. una'rmed, defense- 

toc^rcitf V. a. to check, restrain, de- 
fend, oppose, hinder ; — , v. r. to 
defend one's self, resist, make a 

©eib, n. (-eS ; pi. -cr) woman, wife ; 
"1x6), adj. female, feminine. 

2Belt)(^cn, n. (-5) dimin. of SScib. 
2Beiberliek, /. woman's love. 
weid), adj. soft, weak, feeling, sensi- 
tive, emotional ; -lid), adj. soft, 

effeminate ; -Itntj^ m. (-c^ ; pi. -c) 

SBeic^e, /. {pi. -n) side,, flank, 
i»cic^cn> 1). a. to steep, soak, macerate ; 

— , D. n. to be steeped ; — , v. n. 

ir. to give way, yield. 
Scibe, /. {pi. -n) pasture, pasturage, 

feeding-ground willow; Slraucr-, 

weeping willow, 
weiben, v. a. & n. to pasture, feed, 

graze ; feast, gratify, delight ; — , 

adj, made of willows. 
SBcibWcrf, n. {-i) chase, hunt, game. 
SEBeigern, n. {~i) refusal, resistance ; 

— , V. a. to refuse, deny ; — , r. r. 

to refuse, resist. 
Seigeruug; /. {pi. -en) refusal. 
2Bei:^c, /. {pi. -n) consecration. 
n)eil)cn, v. a. to consecrate, dedicate. 
2Dcibnad)tcn, m. Christmas. 
SBci^raud), m. (-e^) incense, 
SBei^ung, /. consecration. 
Weil, conj. because, as, while, that. 
3ScUe, /. while, idle time. 
SBein, m. (-e^; i^l. -c) wine ; -rebe, 

/. {pi. -n) ; -jlod , 711. (-e ; pl.-\i^at) 

vine, grape-vine, 
weinen, t. a. & n. to weep, cry, 
tx>ci^, adv. einem etwaS — mac^en, to 

make a person believe what is 

not true, hoax. 
SBeife, (-n; pi. -n) (ber) wise man, 

sage, philosopher ; /. {pi. -en) 

mode, manner, way, custom, mi 1 

ody ; — , adj. wise, sage, 
wcifen, V. a. ir. to point out, show 
assign, summarily, dismiss. 



SBeifer, m. (-^) queen bee, liand of a 
dock, a person who sliows any- 

SS3ei(3^eit» /. wisdom, knowledge. 

SBet^l^eit^le^re, /. philosophy. 

wel^Uc^, adii>. wisely, prudently, 

tveip, adj. white, clean. [sagely. 

ttjei^fagen, «. a. to prophesy, predict, 
foretell, divine. [prophesy. 

SBei^faguttgf /. {'pl. -en) prediction, 

2Bei§brot, n. (-e^ ; 'pl. -e) wheat-bread. 

fijeit, adj. distant, far, wide, extend- 
ed; — , adiQ. far; 6ei tt>eitem, by 
far ; son weitem, from afar ; 
-Iauf(t)i9, adj. far-reaching, prolix, 
diffuse, circumstantial. 

SBeite, /. (pZ. -n) width, distance. 

toeiter, adv. further, continue; unb 
fo — , and so forth. 

SBeijen, m. (-^) wheat; -gark, /. 
{pi. -n) wheat-sheaf. 

Welc^er, welc^e, tt)elc()e^, pron. who, 
which ; -lei; adj. of what kind. 

tt>elf; adj. withered, faded. 

tpelfen, 'o. n. to wither, fade. 

SSette, /. ( pi. -n) wave, billow. 

SSeIfa)lanb, n. lands of the Celts, 
Roman Gaul ; also Wales. 

SBeltr /. {pi. -en) world, universe; 
-all, n. (-^) universe ; lavi, m. 
mechanism, structure, system of 
the world ; -begeien^eit, /. {pi. -en) 
occurrence in the world, event ; 
-l&eru^mt, adj. far-famed ; -betrac^== 
tung; /. contemplation of the 
world; -burger, m. (-^) cosmop- 
olite; -bitrgerlic^, adj. cosmopol- 
itan; -biirgertl^um, n. (-a) cosmo- 
politism ; -entbecf er, m. (-^) discov- 
erer of a world ; -geMube, n. {-i) 
system of the universe ; -gegenb, 

/. {pi. -en) region of the world , 
-geitl, m. (-e^) spirit of the 
world; -geifilic^e, m. (-n; pi. -n) 
secular priest ; -gert(|t, n. (-e^ ; pi. 
-e) day of judgment, judgment 
of the world ; -gefc^ic^te, /. uni- 
versal history ; -ge[(^i(f, n. doom 
of the empires of the world ; -flug, 
adj. prudent, worldly wise ; -lic^, 
adj. worldly, temporal, secular ; 
-menge, /. throng of worlds : 
-ru^m, m. worldly glory ; -tl^eil, 
m. {-ti ; pi. -e) part of the 
world, country, region ; -»erflanb» 
m, knowledge of the world. 

SSenbeltrep^e, /. {pi. -n) winding 

tt)enben, v. a. ir. to turn, shift ; ftc^ 
an Semanben — , to address oae's 
self or apply to somebody. 

Senbung, /. {pi. -en) turn, turning, 
variation, invention. 

wenig, adj. & adv. little, few ; ein — / 

njeniger, adj. less, fewer. [a little. 

Wenigflen^, adv. at least, at any rate. 

ttjenn, conj. when, if ; — nid)t, if not, 
unless ; — auc^, though, although. 

tt>er, pron. who, who(8o)ever. 

WerBen, v. n. ir. to petition, woo, re- 
cruit, [recruiting. 

aBerbung, /. ( pi. -en) levy, levying, 

wcrben, v. n. ir. to become, grow, be, 
enter into existence, get. 

tt)erfen, -o. a. ir. to throw, cast, fling. 

Serf, n. (-e^; pi. -e) work, deed, 
clock-work, machinery ; 'mi — 
ri(^ten, to execute ; -i^eug, n. (-e3 ; 
pi. -c) instrument, tool. 

2Bert^, m. (-e^) estimation, worth, 
value ; — , adj. worth, valuably 
worthy ; -lo^, adj. worthless. 



SBefcn, n. {-€) being, existence, es- 
sence ; spirit. [sontial. 

ttefentlid^, adj. real, substantial, es- 

toeffen, proii. whose. 

tt>c§^atb, tt)e§n)cgcn, adv. why, where- 
fore, for what reason, on what ac- 

SQ5cjl(en), m. (-(cn)^) west; -gewolfe, 
n. western, clouds ; -lic^, adj. 
west ; western ; -n^artd, adj. west- 
ward ; -tt>inb/ m. (-ti ; pi. -c) west 

SBcttc, /. {pi. -n) bet, wager ; tttoai 
um tie — (t^un), for wager ; urn bic 
— fhcbcjtr to emulate, vie. 

tocttcifcrttr V, n. to emulate, vie. 

tocttertf u. a. & n. to wager, bet, risk. 

SBettcr, n. {-4) weather, storm ; -»ol=» 
ff' /• iP^' -n) storm-cloud. 

Scttfamj)f, m. (-c« ; pi. -fampfc) see 

ffiettflreit, m. (-c^ ; pi. -c) emulation, 
contest, prize - contest, contro- 

©e^cl, Wetzel (a city). [versy. 

tte^cn, T. a. & n. to rub, whet. 

©ic^tig, adj. weighty, important ; 
-fcit, /. {pi. -en) importance, pon- 
derosity, consequence. 

toiifcln, X. a. to wind up, wrap up, 
involve, envelop, swathe. 

U)iber» prep, against, contrary to ; 
-legcn» u. a. to refute, confute ; 
-fe^ot/ V. r. to resist, oppose ; -^m" 
nig, adj. absurd, illogical, incon- 
sistent ; -fpenjlig, adj. refractory, 
obstinate ; -f)jrc6cn, v. a. ir. to 
contradict, gainsay ; -fprud^, m. 
(-e^ ; pi. -fpriit^e) contradiction ; 
-flanb, m. {-ti) resistance, opposi- 
tion ; -flc^cn» V. n. ir. to withstand, 
resist, oppose ; -jlrebcn, n. (-«) 

opposition, resistance ; v. n. ir. to 
to strive against, resist ; -wartig, 
adj. contrary, averse ; -aille(n), m. 
(-(n)^) aversion, dislike ; -flrcitcn, 
'C. a. & n. to oppose, militate 

tt)tbmcn, V. a. to dedicate, devote. 

Wibrig, adj. contrary, adverse, nau- 
seous, [conj. as, like. 

n>ie# adv. how, in what manner ; — , 

ttjiebcr, adv. again, anew; afresh, 
back ; -bclcben, v. a. to reanimate, 
resuscitate ; -bringcn, v. n. ir. to 
bring back, restore; -burd&lcben, 
V. a. to go through again, endure 
again ; -erobcrcif m. reconqueror ; 
-crokni, v. a. to reconquer ; -fin* 
ben, V. a. ir. to find again ; bu toirfl 
bic^ -pnben, thou'lt be thyself 
again ; -geburt, /. regeneration ; 
-ge^en, v. n. ir. to go back again ; 
-^olen, v. a. to bring back, go for 
again, repeat ; -^olung,/. {pi. -en) 
repetition; -fe^r,/. return ; -fe^ren, 
V. n, to return, recur; -!ommen, 
V. n. to come again, come back, re- 
turn ; -funft, /. return ; -fe^en, n. 
(-^) meeting ; v. a. to see again, 
meet again ; -tonen, v. n. to 
resound, echo ; -wartigfeit, /. {pL 
-en) adversity, disagreeable situa- 
tion. [once more. 

wieberum, adv. again, anew, afresh, 

SB lege, /. {pi. -n) cradle. 

Wiegen, v. a. to rock, move gently ; 
— , t. n. ir. to weigh ; -fejl, n. 
birthday, festival, natal day. 

wicfeern, v. n. to neigh. 

2Bien, Vienna (capital of Austria, 
ha« 75,000 inhabitants). 

2Biefe, /. ( pi. -n) meadow. 



SBicfenMumc, / {pi. -n) field-flower. 

SBiefent^al, n. (-e^ ; pi. -thaler) valley 
with meadows, lowland valley. 

toktDO% conj. though, although. 

tt)ic»iel, ad'D. how much, how many. 

SBilb, 71. (-c^) game, venison ; — , 
adj. wild, savage, dissolute ; -^eit, 
/. state of being wild and savage ; 
-nipf /. {vil. -ffe) wilderness, des- 
ert ; -fc^abeHf m. (-« ; pi. -fc^aben) 
damage done by the game. 

2BtEe(n), m. (-^) will, purpose, de- 
sign, volition ; «m . . . ttjiHen, for 
the sake of ; SBiUen^ feln, to intend, 

loittigr adj. willing, ready, [purpose. 

»ittfomntm, n. (-^) welcome ; — , adj. 
& int. welcome, acceptable, grati- 

SSiIIfu(^)r, /. arbitrariness, caprice ; 
-Itc^, adj. arbitrary, absolute, will- 
ful, capricious. 

ttimmeln, v. n. to swarm. 

toimmcrn, -». n. to moan, whimper, 
whine, wail, lament. 

SBinHjer, /. {pi. -n) eyelash. 

SBinb, m. (-e« ; pi. -e) wind ; — 
Tnad^cUf to boast, brag ; in ben — 
fcillagen, to disregard, slight ; 
-mu:^lC/ /. {pi. -n) windmill ; 
-fi^ief, adj. warped (by the wind). 

toinben, «. a. ir. to wind, twist ; 
-madder, m. (-^) windlass-maker, 

SBinbe^eile, /. speed of the wind. 

SBinbung, /. {pi. -en) winding, turn ; 
torsion ; worm of a screw ; coil. 

SBinf; m, (-e^; pi. -e) wink, beck, 

Sinfel, m. (-«) angle, comer, nook. 

tr>in!en, <>. n. & a. to wink, beckon, 

winfeln, «. n. to moan, wail. 
SSitttcr, m. (-«) winter ; -Hrne, / 

{pi. -n) winter-pear; -lieb, n. 

winter-song ; -quartier, n. (-g ; pi. 

-e) winter-quarters. 
Sipfel, m. {-^) top, summit. 
SSirbel, m. (-^) twirl, whirl, vortex, 

vertigo, roll of the drum. 
ttir^eln, %. n. to beat the roll on the 

drum ; a rolling noise, 
wirfen/ v. n. to act, operate, work ; 

— , V. a. to work, knead, weave, 

embroider ; effect. [ive power 
2Birfen^fraft, /. vigor, energy, effect- 
Wirflirf), adj. real, actual, true ; — , 

adv. really ; -feit, /. {pi. -en) real- 
ity, real existence. 
Wirffam, adj. efficacious, effectual ; 

-feit, /. efficacy, efficiency. 
2Birfun3,/.(^?.-en) operation, effect. 
Wirren* v. a. to twist, entangle. 
SSirrwarr, m. {-i ; pi. -e) confusion. 
Wxxt^, m. (-ed ; pi. -e) economist, 

host, landlord, inn-keeper ; -tar" 

feit, /. hospitality. 
Siffen, n. {-i) knowledge ; — , v. a. 

& n. ir. to know, think ; einem et*- 

tt)a^ ju — t^un, to acquaint one 

with ; Danf — / to be thankful ; 

•-\6)<x% f. {pi. -en) knowledge, 

science ; -ft^aftlic^, adj. scientific. 
tviJTentlic!^, adj. wilful, intentional; 

— , adv. knowingly, wittingly. 
SBilTen^qualnt, m. (-e^) fumes or 

knowledge of learning. 
SBittwe, /. {pi. -n) widow. 
Si^, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) wit, sense, 

acutenesB, witticism, joke. 
tt)Of adj. where, somewhere ; — , 

eonj. if, in case ; -burc^, adv. 

whereby, by what ; -fitr, ado. for 



what, wherefore ; -l^cr, adv. 
whence ; -^in» adv. whither to. 

SBoc^e, /. {pi. -n) week, 

SBoge, /. {pL -n) billow, wave. 

tooQtn, V. n. to wave, billow, rock ; 
fluctuate ; -brang, m. (-c6) pres- 
sure, impulse of waves. 

ffio^I, n. {-ti) welfare ; — , adv. well, 
perhaps, surely ; — mtr, happy 
me ; mir ifl — , I am well ; -an, 
int. well 1 come on I -teraunt, adj. 
familiar; -kflellt, adj. familiar; 
-erlDorben, adj. well-earned ; -fa^rt, 
/. welfare, prosperity ; -fcti, adj. 
cheap ; -gefattcn, n. (-3) pleasure, 
delight ; -gcfdttig, adj. pleasant, 
agreeable ; -gefu^I, n. (-c^; pi. -c) 
pleasure, pleasing sensation ; -gc" 
lungen, adj. successful ; -gcflalt, /. 
{pi. -en) pleasing form ; -f(]^mc(!citb, 
adj. saT«)ry ; -t^at/ /. {pi. -en) 
benefit, kindness ; -t^dter/ m, (-d) 
benefactor; -tptig, adj. benefi- 
cent, benevolent ; -f^un, v. a. ir. 
to do good, to be beneficial ; -'aiX" 
bicnt» adj. well-earned. 

too^nctt, V. n. to dwell, live, lodge. 

©o^nj)la|, m. (-€« ; pi -vldfec) dwell- 

2Bo^nft&» m. (-c«; pi. -t) domicil. 

SBo^nung,/. {pl-tn) dwelling, habi- 

Solf, m. {-ii\pl. ©6Ife) wolf. 

Soljtn,/. ipl. -nen) female wolf. 

2Borfe, /. {pi. -n) cloud. 

»6I!cn, V. a. to cloud. [spout. 

ffiolfenkucfe, w.(-c0; p?.-bru(^e) rain- 

SBotteit/ n. (-^) volition, desire ; — , 
f). n. ir. to will, wish, want, pur- 
pose, [ness. 

©oIIufl» /. delight, lust, voluptuoui- 

womit, adv. wherewith. 

tooM^i, adv. after or according to 
which or what, thereafter, 

SBomic,/. {pi. -n) delight, joy, glad- 
ness, exaltation. 

SBonncngknjr m. a blissful look. 

SBonncflra^len, /. joyful beams. 

wotmigf adj. delightful, blissful. 

ttoran* adv. whereat, whereon, 

tooxanf, adv. whereon, whereupon. 

aoraug, adv. wherefrom, whence, 
out oi which. 

worin, adv. wherein, in which. 

aSJort, n. (-e«; pi. -c & SBorter) word, 
term, parole ; t)on — ju — / word 
for word, verbally ; ba« — fit^ren, 
to be spokesman ; -rct(|» adj. rich 
in words, verbose ; -wec^fcU m. 
(-d) argument, dispute, quarrel. 

tooxubtx, adv. whereupon, whereon, 
whereat, at which, of which. 

tDOttoiif adv. wherecrf, of which, of 

ttoju, adv. whereat, whereto, to or 
for which or what. 

aBracE , n. {-ti ; pi. -e) wreck, wrack. 

2Bu(i^«, m. {-^ti) growth, shape, size. 

©u<i^t, /. heavy weight. 

2Buljl, m. (-c«; pi. ffiulflc) pad, puff. 

Sunbc, /. ipl. -n) wound. 

2Bimbcr, n. {-i) wonder, miracle ; 
-lax, adj. wonderful, wondrous, 
miraculous ; -biag, n. (-e3 ; pi. -t) 
wondrous thing, prodigy ; -gabe, 
/. {pi. -n) wondrous gift ; -fraft, 
/. {pi. -frdfte) miraculous power; 
-lid^, adj. odd, strange, extraor- 
dinary ; -mdb^en» n. wondrous 
maid ; -md^r, marvelous tale or 



news ; -fam, adj. wonderful, mi- 
raculous; -»olIr adj. wonderful; 
-»crf, n. (-e3 ; pi. -e) miracle, 
miraculous work, 
ounbcritf «. n. to be astonished, 
wonder; ti iDUttbcrt m\^, I am 
surprised. [desire. 

©unfc^, m. {~ti\ pi. S unfile) wish, 

wiinfi'^cm V. a. to wish, desire ; ®lu(f 
— , to wish good luck, congratu- 

wunfc^en^rocrt^, adj. desirable, [late. 

Siirbe. /. {pi. -n) honor, dignity. 

wiirbtg, adj. worthy, deserving. 

ttiirbtgen, v. a. to hold worthy, esti- 
mate, favor. [strangle. 

JDurgcn^ v. a. to choke, suffocate, 

SBiirger, m. {-^) killer, destroyer; 
-banbc, /. {pi. -n) band of cut- 

9Burm, m. (-e^; yl. Surntcr) worm, 
vermin, reptile. [ding. 

SBurfl, /. {pi. 3© iirilc) sausage, pud- 

SSurjfciii^fc, /. {pi. -n) spice-box. 

SBurjCf /. season, spice. 

Surjcl, /. ( pi. -n) root, carrot. 

©ufl, m. (-d) confusion, trash, dirt, 

tt)ftfl, a^. dismal, deserted, wild. 

SQJiiflc,/. {pi. -tt) desert, wilderness. 

SBut^, /. rage, fury ; -cntbrannt, adj. 
furious, raging ; -fc^nauknb/ adj. 
breathing rage. [furious. 

»utl^cn» V. n. to rage, to be mad ar 

aBttl^eri<i^» nu (-^ ; pi. -e) tyrant. 

''!...,' *v 

Xtnkn, f. presents made to a 
stranger or guest among the an- 
cients, token of friendship (Schil- 
ler and Goethe gave this name 
to their epigrams). 

3adEe(n), m. (-(n)g) tooth, point, yike, 
prong, cog ; — , v. a. to cog, ixol- 
lop, indent, furnish with poinSs 
07' teeth. 

jacfig, adj. pointed, pronged, toothed. 

jagen, v. n. to tremble, to be in fear. 

jag^aft, adj. faint-hearted, timid. 

ja^e, adj. tough, clammy ; tenacious. 

3fl^If /. {pi. -en) number, cipher, 
figure, counter ; -amt, n. {-<^ ; pi. 
-dmter) pay-ofl5ce, treasury ; -lo^f 
adj. countless ; -reid^, adj. numer- 

ja^en, v. a. to pay oflF or for. [ous. 

ja|lcn» n. a. to count, number. 

Ba^lung, /. ( yl. -en) payment. 

Ba^lung, /. {pi. -en) counting, enu- 

ia^lung^flatt, adv. in payment. 

3a^Iung^termtn» m. (-e^ ; pi. -e) term 
of payment. 

ja|m, adj. tame, tractable, gentle. 

ja^men, «. a. to tame, restrain. 

3a^n, m. (-ed ; pi. Ba^ne) tooth. 

3anf, m. {-ti) quarrel, altercation. 

janfcttf tJ. n. to quarrel, wrangle ; — t 
V. r. to get into a quarrel. 

3anferet, /. {pi. en) quarrel, alterca- 

3a)) fen, m. (-d) pin^peg, tenon, fau- 
cet, spigot, hook (of a tile), cone ; 
— , v. a. to tap, draw liquor, re- 
tail liquor ; -flrei(i^, m. (-c^ ; pi. 
-c) tattoo. 

jart» adj. tender, fine, soft, delicate ; 
-gefii^t, n. (-e^) tenderness of 
feeling, delicacy, refined feeling. 

jarteln, ■». n. to deal tenderly, show 
aflFection. [tenderness, softness. 

jartltA/ adj. tender, soft : -felt, /. 



Qavibtx, m. (-5) enchantment, witch- 
craft, incantation, spell ; -bann, 
m. {-ti) bewitching bands ; -baum, 
m. (-ed ; pi. -bdumc) enchanted 
tree; -et, /. {pi. -en) magic, 
witchcraft; -9C|laIt» /. {pi. -en) 
enchanting form ; -in» /. {pi. 
-ncn) sorceress; -fcffel, m. (-^) 
magic cauldron ; -lid^t, n. (-cd) 
will-o'-the-wisp ; -fugcU/. {pi. -n) 
/. magic ball ; -tt)afen, /. magic 
arms ; -wort, n. {-ti) magic word, 

laubcm, v. n. & a. to practise magic 
or sorcery ; enchant, conjure. 

3auberer, m. (-«) loiterer. 

Ittubern, v. n. to delay, loiter, linger, 
to be slow, hesitating or dilatory. 

3e^c, /. {pi. -n) toe. 

jeKc)n, adj. ten ; -fac^, acZ?. tenfold ; 
-mal, adj. ten times; -t, «c?;. 
tenth ; m. (-n; p^. -n) tithe. 

je^rcn, v. n. to consume, waste. 

Bcic^cn, n. (-d) sign, token, mark. 

geid^ncn, v. a. & n. to draw, design, 
delineate, depict, subscribe. 

3ci(^ncr, m. {-i) drawer, designer. 

jcigcn, x. a. to show, jHjint out, 
point at, indicate, exhibit. 

3eilc, /. {pi. -n) row, line. 

3ctt, /. {pi. -en) time, season, tense ; 
»on — ju — / from time to time ; 
na(^ bet — , afterwards ; jur — , at 
the time; bel 3eiten, early, be- 
times ; »or 3ctten» formerly ; ju 
Sdten, at times, sometimes ; ju 
reciter — , in time ; ju meiner — , in 
my time ; \Vi feincr — , in proper 
time, in his time ; eine -lanci, for 
some time ; mil fccr — , in time ; 
-alter* n. (-d) generation of men, 

age ; -folge, /. succession of time ; 

-leben^, adv. as long as one lives ; 

-f(^rift, /. {pi. -en) newspaper, 

journal, periodical ; -ung* /. {pi. 

-en) newspaper, gazette. 
Beitenfd^oc^, m. (-ed) bosom of time, 

future. [of time. 

3eitcttfh:ubel, m. (-3) vortex of life or 
Belt, 71. (-e« : pi. -e) tent. 
3eptcr, n. {-4) scepter; -trdger, m. 

{-i) mace-bearer, king, emperor. 
3ep^tr, Bcp^^r, m. H » P^- -0 zephyr, 

gentle breeze ; -flugeli /. zephyr's 

wings. [pieces, 

jcrborilen, part. & adj. burst to 
jerbrec^en, •». a. & n. ir. to break 

(in pieces), fracture, rupture, 
jerflief en, v. n. ir, to flow apart 
jergllebern, v. a. to dissect, anatomise, 

analyze, dismember. 
jernagettt v. a. to gnaw, 
jerreiben, v. a. ir. to rub to pieces, 

grate, triturate, grind. 
jerrei^en, v. a. & n. ir. to tear (in 

pieces or apart), sever, wear out, 

jerren, v. a. to pull, drag, haul. 
jerrinnen, v. n. ir. to dissolve, melt. 
jerriitten, ©. a. to disturb, disorder. 
Serritttung, /. {pi. -en) disorder, dis- 
turbance, distraction. 
jerfd^lagen, v. a. & n. ir. to beat to 

pieces, break ; — , part. & adj. 

bruised, beaten to pieces, tired to 

death, used up. 
jerfc^mettern, v. a. to dash to pieces. 
jerfprengen, v. a. ir. to burst into 

pieces, blow up. 
nerfpringcn, v. n. ir. to fly into pieces, 
jerjlampfcn, v. a. to crush, bray 

bruise, trample to pieces. 



jerftcd^cn, v. a. ir. to pierce, prick to 

jcrflorcrw v. a. to destroy, demolisli. 

Serjlorcr, m. (-^) destroyer. 

3erflorung, /. (pL -en) destruction. 

jcrf!o§en» v. a. to grind to powder, 

jcrflrcucn, v. a, to scatter, disperse. 

jerflutfeln, v. a. to reduce to small 
pieces, dismember. 

jcrt^eilen, v. a. to divide, disperse, 
dissipate, dissolve. 

jertrcnncn» v. a, to rip up, sever, sep- 
arate, [ing on. 

jcrtreteit/ v. a. ir. to crush by tread- 

Settrummercr, m. (-a) destroyer. 

jcrtrummcrn^ v. a. to destroy, lay in 

Settet, m. (-0) bill, note. [ruins. 

Seug, m. & n. (-c^; pi. -e) cloth, 
matter, material, stuflf, trumpery, 
trash ; anything contemptible, 
base or mean. 

Bcugc, m. (-n; pi -n) witness. 

jcugctt, V. a. to generate, produce, 
create ; — , v. n. to witness, testi- 
fy, render testimony. 

Scugntp, n. (-jTe^ ; pi. -ffc) witness, 
testimony, evidence. 

3eudf m. Zeus, Jupiter. 

Biet^c, /. {pi -n) tick. 

Siege, /. {pi -n) goat, she-goat. 

jie^cm V. a. ir. to draw, pull, move, 
tug ; cultivate, raise, rear ; — , 
V. r. to stretch ; 2)ra^t — , to 
draw wire; in tie Sange — , to 
put off, protract ; 9?u^en — , to 
profit ; ju 0lat^c — , to consult ; in 
3»etfel — , to doubt, call in ques- 
tion ; ft^ ju ®emut^c — » to take 
to heart ; in ben ^rieg — , to go to 

3icl# 71. (-ed; pl-t) limit, term, aim. 

jielen» c. cu to aim, hint. 

jicmen, 'c. n. to suit, to be proper, 
become, be fitting for. 

jicniU^, adj. moderate, tolerable ; — , 
adc. tolerably, pretty. 

3ier, 3ierbe# /. {pi -n) ornament, 
decoration, embellishment. 

jicren, v. a. to adorn, decorate, orna- 
ment, embellish ; — , v. r. to be 
affected, to be coy, miuce. 

iierlic!^, adj. elegant, neat, nice, 

3immcr, n. (-3) room, chamber. 

3inn, n. (-c3) tin, pewter. 

3inne, /. {pi -n) battlement, pin- 
nacle, spire. [passes. 

3irfel, m. {-i) circle, pair of com- 

jifc^en, V. n. & a. to hiss, whistle. 

3it|>er, jC {pi -n) guitar, cithern 
(musical instrument) ; -fpieler* m. 
(-^) cithern-player. 

jittern, v. n. to tremble, shake, quake. 

jogerm v. n. to delay, tarry, linger. 

Biigerung, /. ( pi -en) tarrying, delay. 

3on, m. {-ti\ pi 3otte) inch, toll, 
duty. [can. 

3i)Httcr, m. (-«) toll-gatherer, publi- 

Bone, /. {pi. -n) zone. 

3orn, m. {-ti) wrath, anger, rage ; 
-glu^enb, adj. wrathy, glowing 
with anger ; -ig, adj. wrathful, 

ju, prep, to, at, in, on ; -te^Sr, m. 
appurtenance ; -krciten, v. a. to 
prepare, dress ; -bringcn, v. a. ir. 
to toast (p. 171) ; bic 3cit — , to 
pass or spend the time ; -bctfcn, 
V. a. to cover (up), hide ; -bentr 
adv. besides ; -bcnfen, v. a. ir. to 
destine, design, imagine the rest ; 



-fcringlii^f eit, /. {pi. -en) importuni- : 
%y ; -briitfen* c. a. to close by pres- 1 
jure, shut ; cin ^luge bei etwad — , 
to wink at something, pretend 
ignorance , -eilen, v. n. to hasten 
to ; -crfenneni v. a. ir. to adj udge, 
award, decree ; -cr|l» adv. (at) 
first ; -fad, m. (-e^ ; pi. -fdUe) 
chance, incident ; -fa dig, adj. ac- 
cidental, casual ; -fafligfeit,/. {pi. 
-en) casualty, contingency ; -frie* 
ben, contented ; -frieben laffcn, to 
leave alone ; [td) -frieben geben, to 
content one s self, to be content ; 
-fu^ren» v. a. to lead to, convey to ; 
-gebrac^tr part, spent ; -gebac^t, 
part. & adj. intended for ; -gc^en, 
v. n. ir. to go on, walk on, pro- 
<jeed, close, shut ; -ge^oren, v. n. 
to belong to; -gefc^loljen, part. 
locked ; -gefctten, "O. a. & n. to as- 
sociate ; -gewanbt, part, of juttcnben ; 
-glcic^, adv. at the same time, at 
once ; -grcifen» v. n. ir. to take hold 
6f, help one's self ; -fommen, v. n. 
ir. to come to, belong to, befit to, 
be suitable (for) ; — laflen, to let 
have, cx)mmunicate ; -funft, /. 
future : -fiinftig, adj. future ; -Id* 
(i^cln, V. n. to smile to ; -laffung, 
/. {pi -en) admission, permis- 
sion ; -Ic^t, adv. last, at last, 
finally ; -mal, adv. especially ; 
-mut^ung,/. {pi. -en) importunity, 
unreasonable request ; -m^^, adj 
next, nearest to; -ne^mcn, v. n. 
ir. to increase, augment, grow ; 
-ncigettf v. a. to incline to ; -nei^* 
0ung# /. {pi. -en) inclination, af- 
fection ; -redinem v. a. to impute, 
ascribe; -xii^t, ado. in a projx^r 

condition ; -rec^t ma^en, to prepare, 
arrange ; -re6t raeifen, to show the 
right way, direct ; -fc^aiien, v. n. 
to look on ; -fd^aucr, m. (-«) spec- 
tator ; -fd^icfen, V. a. to send to, 
prepare ; -fci^lagen, v. n. ir. to 
strike hard ; v. a. to close by 
striking, knock down at a sale ; 
-fc^Uc§en» V. a. ir. to lock up, 
close ; -fe^en, v. n. ir. to look on, 
connive ; -fenbcn, v. a. ir. to send 
to ; -ftd^crn, v. a. to promise, in- 
sure, assure ; -fpi^en» v. a. to 
point ; -jlanbr m. {-i ; pi. -fidnbc) 
condition, state ; -jle^en^ v. n. ir. 
to behoove, befit, become ; -fiopen» 
V. n. to join ; -t^un» v. a. ir. to 
close, shut ; v. r. to ingratiate 
one's self ; n. (-^) aid, assistance ; 
-trdglic^, adj. conducive, whole- 
some, useful ; -trauen, v. a. to con 
fide, trust ; n. (-^) confidence ; 
-tretcn, v. n. ir. to step forward ; 
-serfici^t, /. confidence ; -»or, adv. 
before, formerly ; -roeilen/ adv. 
sometimes ; -menbcn, v. a. ir. to 
turn (to or toward) ; -toiberf prep. 
contrary to, against ; -wiber l^an- 
bein, to contravene ; -tt)iber fein, to 
be contrary to, displease ; -jtel^cn» 
V. a. ir. to draw to, draw together, 
incur, bring upon ; v. r. to catch 

3ud^t, /. discipline, breeding ; rais- 
ing of live stock. 

jiic^ttg» adj. discreet, chaste, modest. 

iU(i^ttgen, v. a. to correct, chastise, 

jutfcn, V. n. to shrink, move convul- 
sively, struggle ; btc ?lc^fcln — , to 
shrug one's shoulders. 



jucfen, V. n. to shrink, shrug ; tai 
©c^iwcrt — , to draw the sword. 

3ucEer, m. (-^) sugar. 

ju(!ern# v. a. to sugar. 

QuQ, m. (-e(J ; yl Bitge) pull, draught, 
procession, march, train, troop; 
lineament, feature ; trait. 

Biisel, w. (-^) rein, bridle; tm — 
^alten» to check, curb, bridle, to 
keep a tight rein on ; mit scrl^ang" 
tcm — . at full speed; -Iod» adj. 
unbridled, licentious. 

jugelttf 'U. a. to bridle, curb, rein. 

junbcn, xi. n. to catch fire ; — , t. a. 
to kindle, set on fire. 

Bungc, /. {'pl. -n) tongue, language, 
speech; cock; sole. 

jitmcn, 0. n. to be angry. 

juriitf, aAia. back, backwards, be- 
hind ; -bcgleiten, «?. a. to accom- 
pany back ; -bringen, v. a. t>. to 
bring back; -ileibem f. ^. t>. 
to remain behind ; -bcnfen, t>. n. 
to think back ; -brangcn, v. a. to 
drive back, repel, repress ; -fa^^ 
rcn» v. a. & n. to drive back, 
start back ; -fatttn, t). n. or. to fall 
back ; -fu^rcn» t). a. ir. to lead 
back ; -ge^cn, v. n. ir. to go back, 
retrograde, return ; -l^altcn, v. a. 
ir. to hold or keep back, reserve, 
withhold, retain, restrain ; -fe^ 
ren, v. n. to return, go back, come 
back ; -fommen, «?. n. ir. to come 
back, return ; -laffcitr v. a. ir. to 
leave behind, abandon; -Icgcitr 
V. a. to travel over, put by, earn, 
save ; -rufen, i?. a. to call back, re- 
call ; -fc^i(fcn» V. a. to send back ; 
return ; -fe^cn, v. n. ir. to look 
back, backwards or behind : n. 

retrospect, remembrance ; -fpritt' 
gen, v. n, ir. to leap, spring back ; 
-lle^eit, V. n. ir. to stand back, 
yield; -trctcnr v. n. ir. to step 
back, subside ; -flopcn, «. a. ir. to 
push back, repel, repulse ; -jie* 
^cn, V. a. & r. to draw back, with- 
draw, retire, retreat ; t>. n. to re- 
turn, remove back. 

Buriiflung, /. {pi, -€n) preparation, 

jufageiir v. n. to say to ; agree with, 
please ; — , n. a. to promise. 

jufammen, adv. together ; -t)ringett» 
V. a. ir. to bring together, col- 
lect ; -brangctt, v. a. to crowd to- 
gether, compress, abridge ; -brutf " 
en, to compress ; -^alt, m. (-€d) 
consistence, force ; -^ang, m. (-cl) 
cohesion, adhesion, connection, 
context ; -l^angen, «. a. ir. to hang 
together, cohere, be connected; 
-fnu^fcttf V. a. to tie, knot together ; 
-htnft, /. {pi. -fiinfte) meeting, in- 
terview ; -laufctt, '0. n. ir. to run 
together, congregate, converge, 
coagulate, curdle ; -xafftn, v. a. to 
snatch up, hurry together ; v. r. 
to rouse one's self; -fc^citf v, a. 
to put together, compound, com- 
pose, construct ; -flurjen, v. n. 
to tumble in or together, col- 
lapse ; -tretcn# v. a. to meet to- 
gether ; -jic^cn, v. a. to draw to- 
gether, contract, collect, assemble. 

jroangen, ®. a. to force, coerce, compel. 

jwanjig, adj. twenty. 

jroar, conj. certainly, indeed, al- 

[ though. 

3»e<f» wi. (-c« ; pi -e) aim, design, 

I object, end; -lo^, adj. aimless, 



without a specific object ; -ma^ig, 
adj. judicious, to the purpose. 

'Iroccfe, /. ip^- -n) tack, nail. 

iroei, adj. two ; -teutig, adj. ambig- 
uous, equivocal ; -fii^ig* adj. two- 
footed, bipedal ; -^unbcrt, adj. two 
hundred ; -fampf, rn. {-ti ; pi. 
-fampfc) single-combat, duel ; -ntal, 
adv. twice ; -taufenb» adj. two 
thousand ; -te, adj. second ; -ten^» 
adv. secondly, 

3»cifel, m. (-i) doubt, dubiousness > 
-f)a\t, adj. doubtful. 

jroeifeln, v. n. to doubt, hesitate. 

3»etg, m. (-e^ ; pi. -c) twig, branch, 

jweigcn, v. a. to graft. [bough. 

3n>crg, m. {-ti ; pi. -c) dwarf, pig- 

3»icfpfllt, m. irti) dissension, schism. 

BtDtcgefprac^, n. {-ii ; pL -c) dialogue, 
— pflegen, to hold secret com. 

Bwietrac^t, /. discord, dissension. 

jroingen, v. a. ir. to force, constrain , 
compel, coerce. 

Bwing^err, m. (-en; pi. -en) despot, 
tyrant ; -fd^aft, /. {pi. -en) des- 
potism, tyranny. 

jwifc^en, prep, between, betwixt ; 
-raunt, m. (-e^; pi -raunte) inter- 
val, interstice. 

3»ijl» m. (-e«; pi. -c) discord, differ- 
ence, dissension, dispute. 

3i»ittern)cfen, n. hermaphroditical 
nature or being. 

jtDolf, adj. twelve ; -tc, twelfth. 

jtt)o» adj. two (old German for jwci). 


_ • 



By James H. Worman, A.M., Professor of Modem Languages in the Adelphi Acad- 
emy, Brooklyn, L. I. 

\Vorman's First German Book. 
Worman's Second German Book. 
Worman's Elementary German Grammar. 
Worman's Complete German Grammar. 

These volumes are designed for intermediate and advanced classes respectively. ' 
Though following the same general method with " Otto " (that of " Gaspey "), onr 
author differs essentially in its application. He is more practical, more systematic 
more accurate, and besides introduces a number of invaluable features which have 
never before been combined in a Gennan grammar. 

Among other things, it may be claimed for Professor Worman that he has been tht 
first to introduce, in an American text-book for learning German, a system of analogy and 
comparison with other languages. Our best teachers are also enthusiastic about his 
methods of inculcating the art of speaking, of understanding the spoken language, of 
correct pronunciation ; the sensible and convenient original classification of nouns (in 
four declensionsX and of irregular verbs, also deserves much praise. We also note the 
use of heavy type to indicate etymological changes in the paradigms and, in the exer- 
cises, the parts which specially illustrate preceding rules. 

Worman's Elementary German Reader. 
W^orman's Collegiate German Reader. 

The finest and most judicious compilation of classical and standard German literature. 
These works embrace, progressively arrangedj selections from the masterpieces of 
Goethe, Schiller, Komer, Seume, Uhland, Freiligrath, Heine, Schlegel, Holty, Lenau, 
Wieland, Herder, Lessing, Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Winkelmann, Humboldt, Ranke, 
Raumer, Menzel, Gervinus, &c., and contain complete Goethe's " Iphigenie," Schiller's 
"Jungfrau;" also, for instruction in modem conversational German, Benedix's 
" Eigenainn." 

There are, besides, biographical sketches of each author contributing, notes, explan- 
atory and philological (after the text), grammatical references to all leading grammars, 
as well as the editor's own, and an adequate Vocabulary. 

Worman's German Echo. 

Worman's German Copy-Books, 3 Numbers. 

On the same plan as the most approved systems for English penmanship, with 
progressive copies. 

First and Second Books in German. 

By the natural or Pestalozzian System, for teaching the language without the help 
of the Learner's Vernacular. By James H. Worman, A. M. 

These books belong to the new Chautauqua German Language Series, and are in- 
tended for beginners learning to speak German. The peculiar features of its method 
are : — 

1. It teaches the language by direct appeal to illustrations of the objects 
referred to, and does not allow the student to guess what is said. He speaks from the 
flrst hour mulerstandingbi and accurately. Therefore, 

2. Grammar is taught both analytically and synthetically throughout the 
course. The beginninj; is matle with the auxiliaries of tense and mood, because their 
kinship with the English makes them easily intelligible ; then follow the declensions of 
nouns, articles, and other parts of speech, always systematically arranged. It is easy 
to confuse the pupil by giving him one person or one case at a time. This pernicious 
practice is discarded. Books that beget unsystematic habits of thought are wors* than 




Worman's First Book in French. 

The first book in the companion series to tlie successful German Series by the same 
author, and intended for those wishing to speak French. The peculiar features of Pro- 
fessor Worman's new method are : — 

1. The French language is taught without the help of English. 

2. It appeals to pictorial illustrations for the names of objects. 

3. The learner speaks from the first hour under standingly. 

4. Grammar is taught to prevent missteps in composition. 

6. The laws of the language are taught analytically to make them the learner's own 

inferences ( = deductions). 
6.' Rapidity of progress by dependence upon association and contrasts. 

7. Strictly graded lessons and conversations on familiar, interesting, and insti'uctive 

topics, providing the words and idioms of every-day life. 

8. Paradigms to give a systematic treatment to variable inflections. 

9. Heavy type for inflections, to make the eye a help to the mind. 

10. Hair line type for the silent letters, and links for words to be connected, in order 
to teach an accurate pronunciation. 

Worman's French Echo. 

This is not a mass of meaningless and parrot-like phrases thrown together for 
a tourist's use, to bewilder him when in the presence of a Frenchman. 

The " Echo de Paris " is a strictly progressive conversational book, beginning with sim- 
ple phrases and leading by frequent repetition to a mastery of the idioms and of the 
every-day language used in business, on travel, at a hotel, in the chit-chat of 

It presupposes an elementary knowledge of the language, such as may be acquired 
from the First French Book by Professor Worman, and furnishes a running French 
text, allowing the learner of course to find the meaning of the words (in the appended 
Vocabulary), and forcing him, by the absence of English in the text, to think in 

Cher Monsieur Worman, — Vous me 
demandeiimon opinion sur votre " Echo de 
Paris" et quel usage j'en fais. Je ne 
saurais mieux vous repondre qu'en repro- 
duisant une lettre que j'ecrivais derniere- 
ment ^ un collegue qui etait, me disait-il, 
" bien fatigue de ces insipides livre^ de 

" Vous ne connaissez done pas," lui 
disais-je, " TEcho de Paris,' edite par le 
Professor Worman? C'est un veritable 
tresor, merveilleusement adapte au devel- 
oppemeut de la conversation familifere et 
pratique, telle qu'on la veut aujourd'hui. 
Cet excellent livre met successivement en 
sc6ne, d'une maniere vive et interessante. 

toutes les circonstances possibles de la vie 
ordinaire. Voyez I'immense avantage 
il vous transporte en France ; du premier 
mot, je m'imagine, et mes el6ves avec moi, 
que nous sommes a Paris, dans la rue, sur 
une place, dans une gare, dans un salon, 
dans une chambre, voire meme k la cui- 
sine ; je parle comme avec des Fran^ais ; 
les el6ves ne songent pas a traduire de 
I'anglais pour me repondre ; ils pensent 
en frangais ; ils sont Frangais pour le 
moment par les yeux, par I'oreille, par la 
pensee. Quel autre livre pourrait produire 
cette illusion? ..." 

Votre tout devou6, 


Illustrated Language Primers. 

French and English. German and English. 

Spanish and English. 

The names of common objects properly illustrated and arranged in easy lessons. 

Pujol's Complete French Class-Book. 

Ofiiers in one volume, methodically arranged, a complete French course — usually 
embraced in series of from five to twelve books, including the bulky and expensive 
lexicon. Here are grammar, conversation, and choice literature, selected from the 
best French authors. Each branch is thoroughly handled ; and the student, having 
diligently completed the course as prescribed, may consider himself, without further 
application, au fait in the most polite and elegant language of modern times. 



JUL 6 19E 


FEB 22 1931 

f ra 







LD 21-100mi-8,'34 

YB 5515(> 


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